Divine Verses

A noble ideology makes people brothers and sisters. → Do not become divided “And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allah (i.e. this Qur’an), and be not divided among yourselves, and remember Allah’s Favor on you, for you were enemies one to another but He joined your hearts together, so that, by His Grace, you became brethren (in Islamic Faith), and you were on the brink of a pit of Fire, and He saved you from it. Thus Allah makes His Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.,) clear to you, that you may be guided”. (Surah Ale-Imran;103)… The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion). So make reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allah, that you may receive mercy”. (Surah Al-Hujuraat;10).

A woman whom Allah (SWT) inspired to save her baby son, and showed her the way to it; Who was she? The mother of Musa (AS) (Moses), Allah (SWT) says, “And We inspired the mother of Musa (Moses), saying; “Suckle him Musa, but when you fear for him, then cast him into the river and fear not, nor grieve. Verily! We shall bring him back to you, and shall make him one of (Our) Messengers.” (Surah al-Qasas;7). (This saved her son from being killed by Pharaoh’s men).

Abundance Of Evil → Say (O Muhammad ): “Not equal are Al-Khabith (all that is evil and bad as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.) and At-Taiyib (all that is good as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.), even though the abundance of Al-Khabith (evil) may please you.” So fear Allah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has forbidden) and love Allah much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained), O men of understanding in order that you may be successful’.  (Surah Al-Maidah;100).

According to Muslim’s belief, the truth has been revealed from time to time and different places since the days of Adam. How do you justify this statement? Allah (SWT) has sent his messengers and prophets to human kind so that they could not have any excuse on the Day of Judgment, Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an;  “ 47. And for every Ummah (a community or a nation), there is a Messenger; when their Messenger comes, the matter will be judged between them with justice, and they will not be wronged. (Surah Yunus;47)… 36. And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from)Taghut (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Taghut besides Allah).” Then of them were some whom Allah guided and of them were some upon whom the straying was justified. So travel through the land and see what was the end of those who denied (the truth). (Surah An-Nahl;36)… 24. Verily! We have sent you with the truth, a bearer of glad tidings, and a warner. And there never was a nation but a warner had passed among them. (Surah Al-Fatir or Al-Mala’ikah;24)

Actions Speak Louder Than Words→ Practice what you preach. ” Enjoin you Al-Birr (piety and righteousness and each and every act of obedience to Allah) on the people and you forget (to practice it) yourselves, while you recite the Scripture [the Taurat (Torah)]! Have you then no sense? (Surah Al-Baqarah;44)

Acts of compassion → “And what will explain to you what the steep path is? It is the freeing of a (slave) from bondage; or the giving of food in a day of famine to an orphan relative, or to a needy in distress. Then will he be of those who believe, enjoin fortitude and encourage kindness and compassion.” (Surah Al-Balad;12-17).

Aerodynamic hints in the Qur’an  → Early attempts at aviation were often based on bird flight, where the flapping wings provides both the lift and the propulsive thrust. “Do they not see the birds above them, spreading out their wings and folding them in? None upholds them except the Most Beneficent (Allah). Verily, He is the All-Seer of everything. (Surah Al-Mulk;19)… “Did you not see towards the birds compelled (to follow His Laws) in the space of the sky, no one holds them but Allah , there are certainly signs in that for a people who believe.”(Surah an-Nahl;79)… The above verses of the Qur’an invite mankind to reflect on the shape of and the forces acting on birds, which keep them in flight. This invitation to reflect on birds could be to inspire human beings to invent means of transport like aero planes. The history of aviation too provides us with a proof that birds had dominated the inspiration of man right from the start. Another hint is contained in the Qur’an regarding the invention of an aero plane in the following verses; “And a sign for them is that We carried their progeny in a loaded ship. And We created for them (vessels) similar to it, on which they ride (or they will ride)″ (Surah Ya-Sin;41-42)… The first successful attempt at human flight was accomplished by a Muslim, Abbas ibn Firnas in 875 CE in the city of Qurtuba Al-Andalus (Cordoba, Spain). Snv

Aesthetic choice →  These! For them will be ‘Adn (Eden) Paradise (everlasting Gardens); wherein rivers flow underneath them, therein they will be adorned with bracelets of gold, and they will wear green garments of fine and thick silk. They will recline therein on raised thrones. How good is the reward, and what an excellent Murtafaqa (dwelling, resting place, etc.)! (Surah Al-Kahf;31) … And their recompense shall be Paradise, and silken garments, because they were patient.13. Reclining therein on raised thrones, they will see there neither the excessive heat of the sun, nor the excessive bitter cold, (as in Paradise there is no sun and no moon). And the shade thereof is close upon them, and the bunches of fruit thereof will hang low within their reach. And amongst them will be passed round vessels of silver and cups of crystal   (Surah Al-Insan;12-15) snv

After disobeying Allah’s commands to prostrate Adam, what Iblis (Satan) asked Allah (SWT) to give him till Day of Recompense?  ″And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels; I am going to create a man (Adam) from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud. So, when I have fashioned him completely and breathed into him (Adam) the soul which I created for him, then fall (you) down prostrating yourselves unto him. So, the angels prostrated themselves, all of them together. Except Iblis (Satan), – he refused to be among the prostrators. (Allah) said; O Iblis (Satan)! What is your reason for not being among the prostrators? ” [Iblis (Satan)] said; I am not the one to prostrate myself to a human being, whom You created from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud. (Allah) said; Then, get out from here, for verily, you are Rajim (an outcast or a cursed one). And verily, the curse shall be upon you till the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection). Iblis (Satan)] said; O my Lord! Give me then respite till the Day they (the dead) will be resurrected. Allah said; Then, verily, you are of those reprieved, Till the Day of the time appointed. Iblis (Satan)] said; O my Lord! Because you misled me, I shall indeed adorn the path of error for them (mankind) on the earth, and I shall mislead them all.” (Surah Al-Hijr;28-39)… Satan said: “…surely I will sit in wait against them (human beings) on Your Straight Path.  Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their right and from their left”(Surah Al-A’raf:16-17)…  “Verily! Allah forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners in worship with Him, but He forgives whom he pleases sins other than that, and whoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, has indeed strayed far away. They (all those who worship others than Allah) invoke nothing but female deities besides Him (Allah), and they invoke nothing but Shaitan (Satan), a persistent rebel! Allah cursed him. And he (Shaitan/Satan) said; “I will take an appointed portion of your slaves; Verily, I will mislead them, and surely, I will arouse in them false desires; and certainly, I will order them to slit the ears of cattle, and indeed I will order them to change the nature created by Allah.” And whoever takes Shaitan (Satan) as a Wali (protector or helper) instead of Allah, has surely suffered a manifest loss. He (Shaitan/Satan) makes promises to them, and arouses in them false desires; and Shaitan’s (Satan) promises are nothing but deceptions.The dwelling of such (people) is Hell, and they will find no way of escape from it.” (Surah An-Nisaa;116-121)snv

After divorce should man take back anything out of what he has given to the woman? Ans…   “The divorce is twice, after that, either you retain her on reasonable terms or release her with kindness. And it is not lawful for you (men) to take back (from your wives) any of your Mahr (bridal money given by the husband to his wife at the time of marriage) which you have given them, except when both parties fear that they would be unable to keep the limits ordained by Allah (e.g. to deal with each other on a fair basis). Then if you fear that they would not be able to keep the limits ordained by Allah, then there is no sin on either of them if she gives back (the Mahr or a part of it) for her Al-Khul’ (divorce). These are the limits ordained by Allah, so do not transgress them. And whoever transgresses the limits ordained by Allah, and then such are the Zalimun (wrong-doers, etc.)”. (Surah Al-Baqarah;229).

After leaving Hagar and Ismail in barren land of Arabia, What Abraham prayed to Allah (SWT)? Ans… “Our Lord! I have settled some of my offspring in a valley barren from any cultivation, by you Sacred House, our Lord, so they may establish the prayer.  So make the hearts of people yearn towards them, and provide them with all types of fruits that they may be grateful.”(Surah Ibrahim;37)

After the wreckage of Prophet Nuh’s Ark, which is its place of rest mentioned in the Qur’an? Ans…Cave of Judi. The Bible states that  “And the Ark rested… upon the mountains of Ararat.” (Genesis 8;4) According to the Qur’an; “And it was said; “O earth! Swallow up your water, and O sky! Withhold (your rain).” And the water was diminished (made to subside) and the Decree (of Allah) was fulfilled (i.e. the destruction of the people of Nuh (Nuh). And it (the ship) rested on Mount Judi, and it was said; “Away with the people who are Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doing)!” (Surah Hud;44).  According to recent evidence from an archaeological find in Eastern Turkey, experts believe they may have discovered the remains of an ancient vessel whose dimensions mirror those of Nuh’s Ark as told in the Bible..

All Creatures of the Universe prostrate before Him, so the Shadows in the Morning and Evening → Ans… And unto Allah (Alone) falls in prostration whoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and so do their shadows in the mornings and in the afternoons. (Surah Ar-Ra’d;15) … Have they not observed things that Allah has created, (how) their shadows incline to the right and to the left, making prostration unto Allah, and they are lowly? (Surah An-Nahl;48)

All prophets/messengers were one in purpose. →  They preached unity of God and unity of mankind. 136. Say (O Muslims), “We believe in Allah and that which has been sent down to us and that which has been sent down to Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma’il (Ishmael), Ishaque (Isaac), Ya’qub (Jacob), and to Al-Asbat [the twelve sons of Ya’qub (Jacob)], and that which has been given to Musa (Moses) and ‘Iesa (Jesus), and that which has been given to the Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and to Him we have submitted (in Islam).”(Surah Al-Baqarah;136)… 152. And those who believe in Allah and His Messengers and make no distinction between any of them (Messengers), We shall give them their rewards, and Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah An-Nisaa’;152)… 52. And verily! This your religion (of Islamic Monotheism) is one religion, and I am your Lord, so keep your duty to Me. (Surah Al-Mu’minun;52)… 34. And for every nation We have appointed religious ceremonies, that they may mention the Name of Allah over the beast of cattle that He has given them for food. And your Ilah (God) is One Ilah (God Allah), so you must submit to Him Alone (in Islam). And (O Muhammad ) give glad tidings to the Mukhbitin [those who obey Allah with humility and are humble from among the true believers of Islamic Monotheism] (Surah Al-Hajj;34)

Allah (SWT) – He is the First and the Last-He is the First (nothing is before Him) and the Last (nothing is after Him), the Most High (nothing is above Him) and the Most Near (nothing is nearer than Him). And He is the All-Knower of everything. (Surah Al-Hadid;3) Beside Me there is No god, and Before Me there was No god Formed, Neither will there be After Me Isaiah 41:4, Torah [Thus] He said to me, “It is done.  I am Alpha and Omega, the Beginning and the End.  I will give to him who is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.” Revelation 21:6, Gospel; Thus the Lord, the King of Israel, and his Redeemer the Lord of hosts says; “I am the First, and I am the Last; and beside Me there is no god. Isaiah 43:10, Torah

Allah (SWT)  is light→ “35. Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The parable of His Light is as (if there were) a niche and within it a lamp, the lamp is in glass, the glass as it were a brilliant star, lit from a blessed tree, an olive, neither of the east (i.e. neither it gets sun-rays only in the morning) nor of the west (i.e. nor it gets sun-rays only in the afternoon, but it is exposed to the sun all day long), whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself), though no fire touched it. Light upon Light! Allah guides to His Light whom He wills. And Allah sets forth parables for mankind, and Allah is All-Knower of everything..” (Surah An-Nur;35)

Allah (SWT) does not love evil talk → 148. Allah does not like that the evil should be uttered in public except by him who has been wronged. And Allah is Ever All-Hearer, All-Knower. (Surah An-Nisaa;148)

Allah (SWT) does not love the person who is an unbeliever or reject Him → 32. Say (O Muhammad ); “Obey Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad ).”But if they turn away, then Allah does not like the disbelievers. (Surah Ale-Imran;32)…45. That He may reward those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah Islamic Monotheism), and do righteous good deeds, out of His Bounty. Verily, He likes not the disbelievers.(Surah Ar-Rum;45)

Allah (SWT) does not love the person who is arrogant→ 23. Certainly, Allah knows what they conceal and what they reveal. Truly, He likes not the proud. (Surah An-Nahl;23) …36. Worship Allah and join none with Him in worship, and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, Al-Masakin (the poor), the neighbour who is near of kin, the neighbour who is a stranger, the companion by your side, the wayfarer (you meet), and those (slaves) whom your right hands possess. Verily, Allah does not like such as are proud and boastful (Surah An-Nisaa;36)… 18. “And turn not your face away from men with pride, nor walk in insolence through the earth. Verily, Allah likes not each arrogant boaster.(Surah Luqman;18)… 23. In order that you may not be sad over matters that you fail to get, nor rejoice because of that which has been given to you. And Allah likes not prideful boasters.(Surah Al-Hadid;23)

Allah (SWT) does not love the person who is cruel → 57. And as for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah) and do righteous good deeds, Allah will pay them their reward in full. And Allah does not like the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers). (Surah Ale-Imran;57) … 140. If a wound (and killing) has touched you, be sure a similar wound (and killing) has touched the others. And so are the days (good and not so good), We give to men by turns, that Allah may test those who believe, and that He may take martyrs from among you. And Allah likes not the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers). (Surah Ale-Imran;140)…40. The recompense for an evil is an evil like thereof, but whoever forgives and makes reconciliation, his reward is due from Allah. Verily, He likes not theZalimun (oppressors, polytheists, and wrong-doers, etc.).(Surah Ash-Shura;40)

Allah (SWT) does not love the person who is exulting in riches  →  76. Verily, Qarun (Korah) was of Musa’s (Moses) people, but he behaved arrogantly towards them. And We gave him of the treasures, that of which the keys would have been a burden to a body of strong men. When his people said to him; “Do not be glad (with ungratefulness to Allah’s Favors). Verily! Allah likes not those who are glad (with ungratefulness to Allah’s Favours). (Surah Al-Qasas;76)

Allah (SWT) does not love the person who is mischief-maker and evil-livers→ 205. And when he turns away (from you “O Muhammad  “), his effort in the land is to make mischief therein and to destroy the crops and the cattle, and Allah likes not mischief. (Surah Al-Baqarah;205)… 64. The Jews say; “Allah’s Hand is tied up (i.e. He does not give and spend of His Bounty).” Be their hands tied up and be they accursed for what they uttered. Nay, both His Hands are widely outstretched. He spends (of His Bounty) as He wills. Verily, the Revelation that has come to you from Allah increases in most of them their obstinate rebellion and disbelief. We have put enmity and hatred amongst them till the Day of Resurrection. Every time they kindled the fire of war, Allah extinguished it; and they (ever) strive to make mischief on earth. And Allah does not like the Mufsidun (mischief-makers). (Surah Al-Maidah;64)… 77. But seek, with that (wealth) which Allah has bestowed on you, the home of the Hereafter, and forget not your portion of legal enjoyment in this world, and do good as Allah has been good to you, and seek not mischief in the land. Verily, Allah likes not the Mufsidun (those who commit great crimes and sins, oppressors, tyrants, mischief-makers, corrupts). (Surah Al-Qasas;77)

Allah (SWT) does not love the person who is treacherous →  58. If you (O Muhammad ) fear treachery from any people throw back (their covenant) to them (so as to be) on equal terms (that there will be no more covenant between you and them). Certainly Allah likes not the treacherous.(Surah Al-Anfal;58)… 107. And argue not on behalf of those who deceive themselves. Verily, Allah does not like anyone who is a betrayer of his trust, and indulges in crime. (Surah An-Nisaa;107)

Allah (SWT) does not love the person who is unfaithful and ungrateful → 38. Truly, Allah defends those who believe. Verily! Allah likes not any treacherous ingrate to Allah [those who disobey Allah but obey Shaitan (Satan)]. (Surah Al-Hajj;38)

Allah (SWT) does not love those who are transgressors → Never commit aggression. God does not love aggressors.57. And We shaded you with clouds and sent down on you Al-Manna and the quails, (saying); “Eat of the good lawful things We have provided for you,” (but they rebelled). And they did not wrong Us but they wronged themselves.(Surah Al-Baqarah;57)… 190. And fight in the Way of Allah those who fight you, but transgress not the limits. Truly, Allah likes not the transgressors. [This Verse is the first one that was revealed in connection with Jihad, but it was supplemented by another].(Surah Al-Baqarah;190)… 87.  And transgress not. Verily, Allah does not like the transgressors. (Surah Al-Maidah;87) …55. Invoke your Lord with humility and in secret. He likes not the aggressors. (Surah Al-A’raf;55) Help you one another in Al-Birr and At-Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety); but do not help one another in sin and transgression. And fear Allah . Verily, Allah  is Severe in punishment. (Surah al-Maidah;2). And fight in the Way of Allah those who fight you, but transgress not the limits. Truly, Allah likes not the transgressors (Surah Al-Baraat/Surah At-Taubah;36)

Allah (SWT) forgives all sins → Say; “O ‘Ibadi (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah, verily Allah forgives all sins. Truly, He is oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful”. (Surah Az-Zumar;53) .

Allah (SWT) has set forth for those who disbelieve an example of two women. Who were they? “Allah  sets forth an example for those who disbelieve the wife of Nuh (Noah), and the wife of Lot. They were under two of Our righteous slaves, and they both betrayed their husbands (by disbelieving in them).” (Surah At-Tahrim; 10).

Allah (SWT) informed us in His Book, on the tongue of His Messenger, and through His Attributes that He loves the charitable, pious and patient ones and that He is pleased with those who believed and observed good deeds. And that He dislikes the disbelievers and the transgressors and He does not satisfy Himself with the disbelief of His slaves or their mischief. Though all this is only done by the Will of Allah and His Wish and that had it been His Will, nothing of these would have been done as nothing can be observed throughout His Dominion without His Consent and Will. So, what should the answer be to the one who says; How can it be heeded that Allah wills and wishes what He dislikes or does not want? One should know that “the Will” mentioned in the texts is of two meanings; (a) A Universal Pre-ordainment Will; which is the Divine Will that has no correlation with love or pleasantness, but, it implies disbelief, faith, deeds of obedience, deeds of disobedience, satisfactory deeds, what is beloved, and what is disliked, etc. This type of “Will” can not be escaped by anyone – believer and disbeliever; it is inevitable. Allah (SWT) says; And whomsoever Allah wills to guide, He opens his breast to Islam; and whomsoever He wills to send astray, He makes his breast closed and constricted}. (Surah Al-An’am;125) Allah (SWT) says; And whomsoever Allah wants to put in Al-Fitnah [error, because of his rejecting of Faith), you can do nothing for him against Allah. Those are the ones whose hearts Allah does not want to purify (from disbelief and hypocrisy)}. (Surah Al-Ma’idah;41) (b) A Legal Religious Will; which is concerned with what is pleasant and beloved by Allah, and according to which, He ordered and forbade His slaves. Allah (SWT) says; Allah intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you. (Surah Al-Baqarah;185) Allah (SWT) says; “Allah wishes to make clear (what is lawful and what is unlawful) to you and to show you the ways of those before you, and accept your repentance, and Allah is All-Knower, All-Wise}. (Surah An-Nisaa;26) The Universal Will comes first in rank. In this way, the Universal and the Religious Wills correlate in regard to the obedient believer; whereas only the Universal one can be found in regard to the disobedient disbeliever. As, Allah the Almighty called upon all His slaves to please Him, but He guided from among them only those He willed. He, all Praise is His, says; Allah calls to the Home of Peace (i.e. Paradise, by accepting Allah’s religion of Islamic Monotheism and by doing righteous good deeds and abstaining from polytheism and evil deeds) and guides whom He wills to the Straight Path}. (Surah Yunus;25) Allah the Almighty generalized the call, but privatized the guidance to whom He willed; Verily, your Lord it is He Who knows best him who goes astray from His Path, and He knows best him who receives guidance}. (Surah An-Najm;30)

Allah (SWT) Loves people who are patient → 146. And many a Prophet (i.e. many from amongst the Prophets) fought (in Allah’s Cause) and along with him (fought) large bands of religious learned men. But they never lost heart for that which did befall them in Allah’s Way, nor did they weaken nor degrade themselves. And Allah loves As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.).(Surah Ale-Imran;146).

Allah (SWT) Loves people who fight in Allah’s way→ 4. Verily, Allah loves those who fight in His Cause in rows (ranks) as if they were a solid structure. (Surah As-Saff;4)

Allah (SWT) Loves people who fulfill pledge → 76. Yes, whoever fulfils his pledge and fears Allah much; verily, then Allah loves those who are Al-Muttaqun (the pious)… (Surah Ale-Imranl;76) 4. Except those of the Mushrikun with whom you have a treaty, and who have not subsequently failed you in aught, nor have supported anyone against you. So fulfill their treaty to them to the end of their term. Surely Allah loves Al- Mattaqun (the pious)…  (Surah At-Taubah;4) …7. How can there be a covenant with Allah and with His Messenger for the Mushrikun (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) except those with whom you made a covenant near Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah)? So long, as they are true to you, stand you true to them. Verily, Allah loves Al-Muttaqun (the pious).(Surah At-Taubah;7)

Allah (SWT) Loves people who purify themselves → 222. They ask you concerning menstruation. Say; that is an Adha (a harmful thing for a husband to have a sexual intercourse with his wife while she is having her menses), therefore keep away from women during menses and go not unto them till they have purified (from menses and have taken a bath). And when they have purified themselves, then go in unto them as Allah has ordained for you (go in unto them in any manner as long as it is in their vagina). Truly, Allah loves those who turn unto Him in repentance and loves those who purify themselves (by taking a bath and cleaning and washing thoroughly their private parts, bodies, for their prayers, etc.).(Surah Al-Baqara;222)… 108. Never stand you therein. Verily, the mosque whose foundation was laid from the first day on piety is more worthy that you stand therein (to pray). In it are men who love to clean and to purify themselves. And Allah loves those who make themselves clean and pure (i.e. who clean their private parts with dust [i.e. to be considered as soap) and water from urine and stools, after answering the call of nature]. (Surah. At-Taubah;108)

Allah (SWT) Loves people who trust in God →  159. And by the Mercy of Allah, you dealt with them gently. And had you been severe and harsh-hearted, they would have broken away from about you; so pass over (their faults), and ask (Allah’s) Forgiveness for them; and consult them in the affairs. Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah, certainly, Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him). (Surah Ale-Imran;159)

Allah (SWT) Loves people who turn much to God →Truly, Allah loves those who turn unto Him in repentance (Surah Al-Baqara;222)

Allah (SWT) loves the God fearing → 76. Yes, whoever fulfils his pledge and fears Allah much; verily, then Allah loves those who are Al-Muttaqun (the pious).(Surah Ale-Imran;76)

Allah (SWT) loves the just and kind → 42. (They like to) listen to falsehood, to devour anything forbidden. So if they come to you (O Muhammad), either judge between them, or turn away from them. If you turn away from them, they cannot hurt you in the least. And if you judge, judge with justice between them. Verily, Allah loves those who act justly. (Surah Al-Maidah;42)… 9. And if two parties or groups among the believers fall to fighting, then make peace between them both, but if one of them rebels against the other, then fight you (all) against the one that which rebels till it complies with the Command of Allah; then if it complies, then make reconciliation between them justly, and be equitable. Verily! Allah loves those who are equitable. (Surah Al-Hujuraat;9)… 8. Allah does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against you on account of religion and did not drive you out of your homes. Verily, Allah loves those who deal with equity. (Surah Al-Mumtahinah;8)

Allah (SWT) never changes the Condition of any People until they change it themselves → 11. For each (person), there are angels in succession, before and behind him. They guard him by the Command of Allah. Verily! Allah will not change the good condition of a people as long as they do not change their state of goodness themselves (by committing sins and by being ungrateful and disobedient to Allah). But when Allah wills a people’s punishment, there can be no turning back of it, and they will find besides Him no protector. (Surah Ar-Ra’d;11)

Allah (SWT) sent the Gospel to Jesus →And in their footsteps We sent Jesus the son of Mary, confirming the Law that had come before him; We sent him the Gospel; therein was guidance and light, and confirmation of the Law that had come before him; a guidance and an admonition to those who fear Allah. (Surah Al-Maida; 46) Then, in their wake, We followed them up with (others of) Our messengers; We sent after them Jesus the son of Mary, and bestowed on him the Gospel; and We ordained in the hearts of those who followed him Compassion and Mercy. But the Monasticism which they invented for themselves, We did not prescribe for them; (We commanded) only the seeking for the Good Pleasure of Allah; but that they did not foster as they should have done. Yet We bestowed, on those among them who believed, their (due) reward, but many of them are rebellious transgressors. (Surah Al-Hadid;27)

Allah (SWT) will forgive those who have done wrong out of ignorance → “Then, indeed your Lord, to those who have done wrong out of ignorance and then repent after that and correct themselves – indeed, your Lord, thereafter, is Forgiving and Merciful.” (Surah An-Nahl;119)

Allah’s (SWT) adornment →And horses, mules and donkeys both to ride and for adornment. And He creates other things you do not know. (Surah An-Nahl;8) We made everything on the earth adornment for it so that We could test them to see whose actions are the best. (Surah Al-Kahf;7) They will have Gardens of Eden with rivers flowing under them. They will be adorned in them with bracelets made of gold and wear green garments made of the finest silk and rich brocade, reclining there on couches under canopies. What an excellent reward! What a wonderful repose! (Surah Al-Kahf;31) But Allah will admit those who believe and do right actions into Gardens with rivers flowing under them where they will be adorned with gold bracelets and pearls, and where their clothing will be of silk. (Surah Al-Hajj;23) They will enter Gardens of Eden where they will be adorned with gold bracelets and pearls, and where their clothing will be of silk. (Surah Fatir;33) We have adorned the lowest heaven with the beauty of the planets. (Surah As-Saffat;76) In two days He determined them as seven heavens and revealed, in every heaven, its own mandate. We adorned the lowest heaven with lamps and guarded it. That is the decree of the Almighty, the All-Knowing. (Surah Ha-Mim;12) We have adorned the lowest heaven with lamps and made some of them stones for the Satans for whom We have prepared the punishment of the Blaze. (Surah Al Mulk;5)

Almighty Allah’s Names are divided into two categories; those related to the Entity, and those related to His Acting. Cite some examples on those related to the Entity from the Glorious Qur’an? Allah (SWT) says; Nay, both His Hands are widely outstretched. (Surah Al-Ma’idah;64)… Allah (SWT) says; Everything will perishsave His Face. (Surah Al-Qasas;88)… Allah (SWT) says; And the Face of your Lord full of Majesty and Honor will remain forever. (Surah Ar-Rahman;27)… Allah (SWT) says; In order that you may be brought up under My Eye. (Surah Ta-Ha;39)… Allah (SWT) says; How clearly He sees and hears (everything)!. (Surah Al-Kahf;26)… Allah (SWT) says; Verily I Am with you both, Hearing and Seeing. (Surah Ta-Ha;46)…Allah (SWT) says; He (Allah) knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them (in the Hereafter) but they will never compass anything of His Knowledge. (Surah Ta-Ha;110)… Allah (SWT) says; And to Musa (Moses) Allah spoke directly. (Surah An-Nisaa;164)… Allah (SWT) says; And (remember) when your Lord called Musa (Moses) (saying); “Go to the people who are Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers). (Surah Ash-Shu’ra’;10)… Allah (SWT) says; And their Lord called out to them (saying); “Did I not forbid you that tree. (Surah Al-A’raf;22)… Allah (SWT) says; And (remember) the Day (Allah) will call to them, and say; “What answer gave you to the Messengers?”. (Surah Al- Qasas;65)

Alteration of Day and Night, Scientific Signs in the Qur’an for a Mindful Soul→In the Qur’an, wherever the word ‘Sign(s)’ is used it reveals that something is going to be known for the guidance of those who contemplate over the mysteries of contents in that verse. That is why along with the word sign, people of understanding, people who contemplate and people of knowledge is more often used throughout this Divine Book of guidance. As an example we read in Qur’an as; “And in the alteration of night and day, and the food motherwinds are signs for people of understanding (Surah Al-Jathiyah;4-5)…A focus on the first part of the verse from Qur’an, Allah (SWT) calls the attention of mankind to the alteration of day and night and all changes it brings along as signs for a mindful soul in understanding Allah (SWT). The insight knowledge in the alteration of day and night might count on numerous fields of science together if taken into account. In the field of Biology and Botany for instance, this phenomenon of light and dark period is explained in terms of photoperiod or Photoperiodism and explain the biological response of organisms around the world to the level of dark and light periods for initiation of growth, egg production and flowering. Many flowering plants use a photoreceptor protein, such as phytochrome or cryptochrome, as signals for these seasonal changes in the length of day and night to initiate flowering. For example, when the days are getting longer, the tree might start to produce buds and blooms, since it would sense that spring is on the way. As days shorten, the plant would start to become dormant, producing seeds for next year and taking steps to ensure that it would be ready for winter. This knowledge of photoperiodism in plants has allowed botanists to trick plants grown in greenhouse by manipulating light levels for bloom and seed production at higher prices. It is this alteration of day and night (light; dark) periods, we have various foods available during different season and different areas of the world. Thus the great sign in the alteration of day and night as Qur’an revealed has enabled our sustenance as a ‘Sign” for knowing Allah (SWT) and guided us to manipulate this process for more production. Another related term explaining this phenomenon in the field of life science and biology is circadian rhythm.  It is considered as an internal biological clock of 24-hour cycle in the biochemical, physiological or behavioral processes of all living entities enabling then to do perform certain actions during this time of 24 hours. Living things start or stop production of various hormones/chemicals in response to the turning on and off process of this rhythm. The initiation of day light (dawn) has very strong influence in this turning on and off sessions of internal biological clock. Animals including birds and insects may wake up from sleep or diapauses and prepare for various actions related to their survival. How magnificently all the Knowing has informed us! . “He causes the dawn to break; and He has made the night for rest, and the sun and the moon for reckoning (of time); this is an arrangement of the Mighty, the Knowing” (Surah Al-Anam;96).  Allah (SWT) causes dawn to break what? To break this internal clock of 24 hours cycle with help of dawn or day light. Allah (SWT) almighty, made night repose, rest time or a break time and day for activities. There are specific biochemical reactions that take place either in dark or in light periods. Plants, for instance, prepare to produce phytochrome or cryptochrome in response to light signals. The light dependent process of photosynthesis in which solar energy is harvested and transferred into the chemical bonds of ATP (adenosine triphosphate); can occur only in light as the dawn approaches and glow of light reaches plants. The dark reaction or light-independent reactions produce carbohydrates by using ATP and NADPH that was formed during day time. Evapo- transpiration is accelerated as the temperature rises. In the afternoon, photosynthesis slows down and respiration increases. At night time, as the temperature falls, transpiration in plants slows down and energy reserves are utilized in the formation of compounds. Most plants would die if just one night failed to take place. From this point of view, night means rest and reinvigoration for plants, just as it does for human beings. In human beings the hormone melatonin , secrets at night, prepares the body for sleep by slowing down peoples’ physical movements and eases their minds making them sleepy. During sleep, heartbeat respiration, and blood pressure falls down. In the morning, the production of these hormones stops and the body is again stimulated for work. At the same time, sleep allows the body’s muscles and tissues to repair themselves and enable the body to replace old or dead cells. As energy expenditure is reduced during sleep, the body starts storing energy throughout the night.  Several chemicals vital for the immune system and growth hormones are also secreted during sleep or rest time.

And seek help in patience and prayer → And seek help in patience and As-Salat (the prayer) and truly it is extremely heavy and hard except for Al-Khashi’un [i.e. the true believers in Allah – those who obey Allah with full submission, fear much from His Punishment, and believe in His Promise (Paradise, etc.) and in His Warnings (Hell, etc.)]. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 45) “Be patient (in adversity); for, verily, God will not let the reward of the righteous be wasted.” (Surah Hud;115) .

And whenever you give your word, say the truth → “And come not near to the orphan’s property, except to improve it, until he (or she) attains the age of full strength; and give full measure and full weight with justice. We burden not any person, but that which he can bear. And whenever you give your word (i.e. judge between men or give evidence, etc.), say the truth even if a near relative is concerned, and fulfill the Covenant of Allah, This He commands you, that you may remember. (Surah Al-Anam;152) .

Anyone who reads the Qur’an can understand it → Allah has sent down the Qur’an to all people as a guide. This is why the Qur’an is extremely comprehensible and clear. Allah thus stresses this characteristic of the Qur’an; ” … A Light has come to you from Allah and a Clear Book.”  (Surah al-Ma’ida;15)… Another verse further clarifies this; In this way We have sent it (the Qur’an) down with Clear Signs. Allah guides anyone He wills.  (Surah  al-Hajj;16)… To be able to see the wisdom in the Qur’an and to comprehend its supreme features, one who reads it must be a hundred percent sincere and always think in accordance with his conscience. However, it needs to be made clear that Muslims must strongly avoid producing pronouncements from the Qur’an on the basis of their own personal interpretations and opinions. The most appropriate thing to do for people seeking answers on these subjects is to make use of the catechisms collected by Ahl al-Sunnah scholars.

Apostasy in Qur’an →There is no worldly punishment for apostasy since there is no compulsion in religion. God will judge those who believe and then reject belief. 256. There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower. (SurahAl-Baqarah;256)… 137. Verily, those who believe, then disbelieve, then believe (again), and (again) disbelieve, and go on increasing in disbelief; Allah will not forgive them, nor guide them on the (Right) Way.138. Give to the hypocrites the tidings that there is for them a painful torment. (Surah Al-Baqarah;137-138) snv.

Are all people equal? If yes, say why. If no, say why. No. Because those who disbelieve are not equal to those who believe. Allah (SWT) says; “Is one who is obedient to Allah, prostrating himself or standing (in prayer) during the hours of the night, fearing the Hereafter and hoping for the Mercy of his Lord (like one who disbelieves)? Say; “Are those who know equal to those who know not?” It is only men of understanding who will remember” (i.e. get a lesson from Allah’s Signs and Verses). (Surah Az-Zumar;9).

Are angels male or female? “Verily, those who believe not in the Hereafter, name the angels with female names. (Surah An-Najm;27)…  They are not female but no narration confirms if they are male.

Are good deeds accepted by Allah (SWT) with the polytheism? Never! None of the deeds are accepted when mixed with polytheism. Allah (SWT) says; “This is the Guidance of Allah with which He guides whomsoever He will of His slaves. But if they had joined in worship others with Allah, all that they used to do would have been of no benefit to them”. (Surah Al-Anam;88)… “Verily! Allah forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners in worship with Him, but He forgives whom he pleases sins other than that, and whoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, has indeed strayed far away.” (Surah an-Nisaa;116) … 51. And Allah said (O mankind!): “Take not ilahain (two gods in worship, etc.). Verily, He (Allah) is (the) only One Ilah (God). Then, fear Me (Allah) much [and Me (Alone), i.e. be away from all kinds of sins and evil deeds that Allah has forbidden and do all that Allah has ordained and worship none but Allah] . (Surah An-Nahl;51)

Are husbands a degree above their wives in a legal context? The Qur’an says; “And they (women) have rights (over their husbands as regards living expenses, etc.) similar (to those of their husbands) over them (as regards obedience and respect, etc.) to what is reasonable, but men have a degree (of responsibility) over them. And Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.” (Surah Al-Baqarah;228) … “Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allah has made one of them to excel the other, and because they spend (to support them) from their means. Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient to Allah and to their husbands, and guard in the husband’s absence what Allah orders them to guard (e.g. their chastity, their husband’s property, etc.). As to those women on whose part you see ill-conduct, admonish them (first), (next), refuse to share their beds, (and last) beat them (lightly, if it is useful), but if they return to obedience, seek not against them means (of annoyance). Surely, Allah is Ever Most High, Most Great “. (Surah an-Nisaa;34).

Are Mountains “Pegs” Which Prevent the Earth from Shaking? The Qur’an, in several passages, tells us that  “You see the mountains and think they are not moving but they pass like the clouds. It’s the work of Allah who made everything perfect. Allah is expert with what you do. ” (Surah Al-Naml; 88)… Allah placed mountains on the earth so that the earth would not shake; And the mountains as pegs? (Surah An-Naba’;7)… The Qur’an says nothing about mountains having “roots”. However, as we look at several Muslim arguments, Muslim apologists often refer to the “roots” of mountains as “pegs” in an attempt to align the term with the Qur’an. Muslims see this as a “miracle” since Muhammad could not have known that mountains had “roots” – so Muhammad’s reference to mountain roots (in spite of the fact that the Qur’an uses the term pegs and not roots) could only come from Allah (SWT). However, the existence of the roots of mountains was known in ancient times. Here are three verses from the Bible; People assault the flinty rock with their hands and lay bare the roots of the mountains. ( Job 28;9) The earth trembled and quaked, and the foundations of the mountains shook; they trembled because he was angry. (Psalm 18;7)To the roots of the mountains I sank down; the earth beneath barred me in forever. But you, LORD my God, brought my life up from the pit. (Jonah 2;6 )

Are there any other punishments in Hell apart from the Fire? Allah informs us in the Qur’an that unbelievers will be flung into Hellfire, and will have garments of fire and tar. (Surah  al-Hajj;19)… Yet the punishment of Hell is not limited to fire; There are cudgels made of iron (Surah  al-Hajj;21)…  people will be yoked together in chains (Surah Ibrahim;49)…  they will be dragged along and will have shackles and chains around their necks (Surah Ghafir;71)… the punishment of boiling water will be poured on their heads (Surah  ad-Dukhan, 48)…they will wear shirts of tar (Surah Ibrahim;50)… they will be flung into a narrow place in it, shackled together in chains (Surah al-Furqan;13) they will be firewood and fuel for Hellfire (Surah  al-Jinn;15)… 10. Verily, those who disbelieve, neither their properties nor their offspring will avail them whatsoever against Allah; and it is they who will be fuel of the Fire. (Surah Al ‘Imran;10)… What is listed here is in fact only a small portion of the types of punishment of Hell. In Hell there are punishments that are so painful that no one on earth can ever imagine. Besides the regret they feel, the spiritual pain that Allah inflicts on the companions of the Fire will everlastingly burn their hearts. Allah draws attention to this spiritual pain in the Qur’an as follows; And what will convey to you what the Shatterer is? The kindled Fire of Allah reaching right into the heart. (Surah  al-Humaza;5-7)

Are there any verses in the Qur’an or that speak to the issue of women’s rights? Yes, there are many verses and sayings that speak to the issue of women’s rights. They include the following; ) “And they (women) have rights (over their husbands as regards living expenses, etc.) similar (to those of their husbands) over them (as regards obedience and respect, etc.) to what is reasonable, but men have a degree (of responsibility) over them. And Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise. (Surah Al-Baqarah;228)… Right to earn money; “. .to men is allotted what they earn and to women what they earn.” (Surah An-Nisaa;32)… Right to inherit; “For men is a share of what the parents and close relatives leave, and for women is a share of what the parents and close relatives leave, be it little or much – an obligatory share.” (Surah An-Nisaa;7)… “For the men who acquiesce to the will of God, and the women who acquiesce, the men who believe and the women who believe, the men who are devout and the women who are devout, the men who are truthful and the women who are truthful, the men who are constant and the women who are constant, the men who are humble and the women who are humble, the men who give charity and the women who give charity, the men who fast and the women who fast, the men who are chaste and the women who are chaste, and the men and women who remember God a lot, God has arranged forgiveness for them, and a magnificent reward.” (Surah Al-Ahzab;35)…“And their Lord answered them, ‘I am never unmindful of the work of a worker among you, male or female. You are from each other.’” (Surah Ale-Imran;195)… “Whoever does right, male or female, and is a believer, We will revivify with a good life; and We will pay them their due according to the best of what they have done.” (Surah An-Nahl;97)

Are there good innovations in the religion (Islam)? No, there are no good innovations in matters of faith, the proof is Allah’s (SWT) saying: “… This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed my favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as you religion ” (Surah al-Maidah; 3)

Are there special rules that one must follow when handling the Qur’an? Muslims regard the Qur’an as the literal word of Allah (SWT), as revealed by the Angel Gabriel to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) . The revelation was made in the Arabic language and the recorded text in Arabic has not changed since the time of its revelation 1445 years ago. Although modern printing presses are used to distribute the Qur’an worldwide, the printed Arabic text of the Qur’an is still regarded as holy. The Qur’an itself states that only those who are clean and pure should touch the sacred text; “That (this) is indeed an honorable recital (the Noble Qur’an). In a Book well-guarded (with Allah ) in the heaven i.e. Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz. Which (that Book with Allah none can touch but the purified (i.e. the angels). A Revelation (this Qur’an) from the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).” (Surah al-Waqi’ah;77-80).

Are women independent in Islam, as far as economic affairs are concerned? Or, are they dependent on their husbands? Women are independent as far as their own earnings are concemed and their husbands have no share in it. The Qur’an says; “And wish not for the things in which Allah has made some of you to excel others. For men there is reward for what they have earned, (and likewise) for women there is reward for what they have earned, and ask Allah of His Bounty. Surely, Allah is Ever All-Knower of everything.” (Surah an-Nisaa;32)

Are women of the Book lawful for Muslims? “Made lawful to you this day are At-Tayyibat  Lawful to you in marriage are chaste women from the believers and chaste women from those who were given the Scripture (Jews and Christians) before your time, when you have given their due Mahr (bridal money given by the husband to his wife at the time of marriage), desiring chastity (i.e. taking them in legal wedlock) not committing illegal sexual intercourse, nor taking them as girl-friends”. (Surah al-Maidah; 5) .

Asceticism → Do not deprive yourselves of the nice things life has to offer. 87. O you who believe! Make not unlawful the Taiyibat (all that is good as regards foods, things, deeds, beliefs, persons, etc.) which Allah has made lawful to you, and transgress not. Verily, Allah does not like the transgressors. (Surah Al-Maidah;87) … As for monastic asceticism…27. Then, We sent after them, Our Messengers, and We sent ‘Iesa (Jesus) – son of  (Mary), and gave him the Injeel (Gospel). And We ordained in the hearts of those who followed him, compassion and mercy. But the Monasticism which they invented for themselves, We did not prescribe for them, but (they sought it) only to please Allah therewith, but that they did not observe it with the right observance. So We gave those among them who believed, their (due) reward, but many of them are Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah). (Surah Al-Hadid;27)… Messengers! Partake of the things that are clean, and act righteously.46 I know well all that you do. (Surah Al-Mu’minun;51) snv.

Aspects of the effect of faith on actions and vice-versa → Faith impacts on action from a viewpoint that faith is the energy on which man draw his activity towards performing a good deed. Man needs to have an impetus that makes him proceed to work and endure the discomforts and difficulties facing him while trying to accomplish or avoid something. The faith of a laborer, for example, in his need for money to obtain food and clothing, attain self-realization and care for his family constitutes an impetus that drives him to wake up early and accept tiredness and hardship at work. The same is true of the faith in Allah (SWT) as being the impetus that makes the faithful constantly obey the commandants and avoid the prohibitions of Allah (SWT), even if such a thing is burdensome on the soul. In addition, faith has its effect on man’s steadfastness and his excellence at work as a result of the meaning that the work holds for him, clarity of the way he operates, and stability of his decisions about it, particularly at the intrusion of feelings of greed and fear, so as to continue to avoid cheating or deceiving and evade anything that may affect the quality or continuity of the work. The Almighty says; “Who created me, and He [it is who] guides me. And it is He who feeds me and gives me drink. And when I am ill, it is He who cures me. And who will cause me to die and then bring me to life. And who I aspire that He will forgive me my sin on the Day of Recompense. ” (Sarah Al-Shuara;78-82) and He says;  “Those to whom hypocrites said, “Indeed, the people have gathered against you, so fear them.” But it [merely] increased them in faith, and they said, “Sufficient for us is Allah and [He is] the best Disposer of affairs. So they returned with favor from Allah and bounty, no harm having touched them. And they pursued the pleasure of Allah, and Allah is the possessor of great bounty. ” (Surah Ale-Imran;173–174). Similarly, action impacts on faith. For example, if the soul is accustomed to fail to adhere to a certain command of Allah (SWT) and this state continues for a longtime, then its interest and faith in such command incline to gradually go down; and perhaps the soul becomes apathetic toward it and its life goes on without any effect of such faith on it. Therefore, the denial of faith in such command when does not go along with the soul’s behaviors and desires would be easier than changing what became entrenched improper conduct. Allah (SWT) says; “No! Rather, the stain has covered their hearts of that which they were earning. No! Indeed, from their Lord, that Day, they will be partitioned . ” (Surah at-Tatfeef/Surah al-Mutaffifin;14-15). The Almighty says; Say, “Then why did you kill the prophets of Allah before, if you are [indeed] believers?” (Surah Al-Baqarah;91)

Avoid backbiting, assumption, spying, suspicion and guesswork. →  “O you who believe! avoid most of suspicion (against others), for surely suspicion in some cases is sin; and do not spy (into other people’s affairs), nor let some of you backbite others.” (Surah Al-Hujuraat;12) “11. O you who believe! Let not a group scoff at another group, it may be that the latter are better than the former; nor let (some) women scoff at other women, it may be that the latter are better than the former, nor defame one another, nor insult one another by nicknames. How bad is it, to insult one’s brother after having Faith [i.e. to call your Muslim brother (a faithful believer) as: “O sinner”, or “O wicked”, etc.]. And whosoever does not repent, then such are indeed Zalimun (wrong-doers, etc.). (Surah Al-Hujuraat;11)

Avoid indecent shameful deeds, open or secret. → These are actions that hurt the ‘self’ and drag down the individual and collective human potential…33. Say (O Muhammad ): “(But) the things that my Lord has indeed forbidden are Al-Fawahish (great evil sins, every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, etc.) whether committed openly or secretly, sins (of all kinds), unrighteous oppression, joining partners (in worship) with Allah for which He has given no authority, and saying things about Allah of which you have no knowledge.” (Surah Al-A’raf;33)…151 “Say (O Muhammad (PBUH); “Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from; Join not anything in worship with Him; be good and dutiful to your parents; kill not your children because of poverty – We provide sustenance for you and for them; come not near to Al-Fawahish (shameful sins, illegal sexual intercourse, etc.) whether committed openly or secretly, and kill not anyone whom Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause (according to Islamic law). This He has commanded you that you may understand. (Surah al-Anaam; 151).

Avoid open criticism of people unless you have been wronged→ 148. Allah does not like that the evil should be uttered in public except by him who has been wronged. And Allah is Ever All-Hearer, All-Knower. (Surah An-Nisaa’;148)

Be a source of tranquility and comfort to others. →”134. Those who spend [in Allah’s Cause – deeds of charity, alms, etc.] in prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger, and who pardon men; verily, Allah loves Al-Muhsinun (the good-doers). (Surah Ale-Imran;134) snv

Be good And speak good to people → And (remember) when We took a covenant from the Children of Israel, (saying); Worship none but Allah (Alone) and be dutiful and good to parents, and to kindred, and to orphans and Al-Masakin (the poor), and speak good to people [i.e. enjoin righteousness and forbid evil, and say the truth about Muhammad (PBUH), and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and give Zakat. Then you slid back, except a few of you, while you are backsliders.  (Surah Al-Baqarah;83)… See you not how Allah sets forth a parable? – A goodly word as a goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches (reach) to the sky (i.e. very high).25. Giving its fruit at all times, by the Leave of its Lord and Allah sets forth parables for mankind in order that they may remember.26. And the parable of an evil word is that of an evil tree uprooted from the surface of earth having no stability. (Surah Ibrahim;24-26)… When you enter the houses, greet one another with a greeting from Allah (i.e. say; As-Salamu ‘Alaikum – peace be on you) blessed and good. Thus Allah makes clear the Ayat (these Verses or your religious symbols and signs, etc.) to you that you may understand. (Surah An-Nur;61)… “Worship Allah and join none with Him in worship, and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, Al-Masakin (the poor), the neighbour who is near of kin, the neighbour who is a stranger, the companion by your side, the wayfarer (you meet), and those (slaves) whom your right hands possess. Verily, Allah does not like such as are proud and boastful.” (Surah an-Nisaa;36).

Be just “O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm for Allah , witnesses in justice, and do not let the hatred of a people prevent you from being just. Be just; that is nearer to righteousness. And fear Allah ; indeed, Allah is Acquainted with what you do.” (Surah Al-Maidah:8) Act justly to people of all faiths“Allah does not forbid you from those who do not fight you because of religion and do not expel you from your homes – from being righteous toward them and acting justly toward them. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly.”  (Surah Al-Mumtahana:8)

Be proactive rather than reactive. 17. (They are) those who are patient ones, those who are true (in Faith, words, and deeds), and obedient with sincere devotion in worship to Allah. Those who spend [give the Zakat and alms in the Way of Allah] and those who pray and beg Allah’s Pardon in the last hours of the night. (Surah Ale-Imran;17)

Be trustworthy especially to those who trust you. 52. [Then Yusuf (Joseph) said: “I asked for this enquiry] in order that he (Al-‘Aziz) may know that I betrayed him not in secret. And, verily! Allah guides not the plot of the betrayers. (Surah Yusuf;52)… 8. Those who are faithfully true to their Amanat (all the duties which Allah has ordained, honesty, moral responsibility and trusts etc.) and to their covenants; (Surah Al-Mu’minun:8) …58. Verily! Allah commands that you should render back the trusts to those, to whom they are due; and that when you judge between men, you judge with justice. Verily, how excellent is the teaching which He (Allah gives you! Truly, Allah is Ever All-Hearer, All-Seer.  (Surah an-Nisaa;58)

Belief in Divine Destiny → Truly, when we accept the Divine Destiny we lead a more satisfying and productive life.  When we don’t get what we wish or strive for, our belief in divine destiny prevents us from becoming despondent or frustrated.  We accept the tragedy as a test from God and submit to His will with patience and dignity. And if our plans work successfully or something good happens to us, belief in divine destiny will prevent us from becoming too boastful or arrogant.  Many successful people feel that their wealth and status are because they are smarter, wiser, stronger, or just more deserving of success than others.  But the truth is, they may have made certain choices, it is God who made those choices work out well for them. God says in the Qur’an, “22. No calamity befalls on the earth or in yourselves but is inscribed in the Book of Decrees (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz), before We bring it into existence. Verily, that is easy for Allah. 23. In order that you may not be sad over matters that you fail to get, nor rejoice because of that which has been given to you. And Allah likes not prideful boasters. (Surah Al-Hadid;22-24)… This mindset helps us live a fulfilling and happy life.  We become more thankful and learn to give empowering meanings to our experiences, whether good or bad. The belief in divine destiny is also a great source of courage.  When we know that no calamity or harm can touch us without the will of God and the time of our death is prefixed, we lead a righteous and valiant life.  Qur’an mentions;“ 51. Say: “Nothing shall ever happen to us except what Allah has ordained for us. He is our Maula (Lord, Helper and Protector).” And in Allah let the believers put their trust”. (Surah. At-Taubah;51)…  78. “Wheresoever you may be, death will overtake you even if you are in fortresses built up strong and high!” And if some good reaches them, they say, “This is from Allah,” but if some evil befalls them, they say, “This is from you (O Muhammad ).” Say: “All things are from Allah,” so what is wrong with these people that they fail to understand any word? (Surah An-Nisaa’;78)… Destiny is one of the articles of faith in Islam. It teaches Muslims to make the most out of their resources and leave the results to God.

Belief in the Qur’an is part of being righteous and pious → Allah (SWT) tells us in the Qur’an the various criteria of being righteous and pious, one of which is the faith in this book (Qur’an). It is no virtue that you turn your faces towards the east or the west, but virtue is that one should sincerely believe in Allah and the Last Day and the Angels and the Book and the Prophets and, out of His love, spend of one’s choice wealth for relatives and orphans, for the needy and the wayfarer, for beggars and for the ransom of slaves, and establish the Salat and pay the Zakat. And the virtuous are those who keep their pledges when they make them and show fortitude in hardships and adversity and in the struggle between the Truth and falsehood; such are the truthful people and such are the pious.Qur’an (Surah Al-Baqarah;177)

Besides the body of Pharaoh, what is that thing which is kept as an admonishing example for future generations to come?  Nuh’s Ark.  And it was said; “O earth! Swallow up your water, and O sky! Withhold (your rain).” And the water was diminished (made to subside) and the Decree (of Allah) was fulfilled (i.e. the destruction of the people of Nuh (Nuh). And it (the ship) rested on Mount Judi, and it was said; “Away with the people who are Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doing)!” (Surah Hud;44).

Blind Following  →  The sure way of going astray is blind following. 170. When it is said to them: “Follow what Allah has sent down.” They say: “Nay! We shall follow what we found our fathers following.” (Would they do that!) Even though their fathers did not understand anything nor were they guided? (Surah Al-Baqarah:170) snv

Body Language →  37. And walk not on the earth with conceit and arrogance. Verily, you can neither rend nor penetrate the earth, nor can you attain a stature like the mountains in height. (Surah Al-Asraa:37) The body language speaks louder than words. 18. “And turn not your face away from men with pride, nor walk in insolence through the earth. Verily, Allah likes not each arrogant boaster.19. “And be moderate (or show no insolence) in your walking, and lower your voice. Verily, the harshest of all voices is the voice (braying) of the ass.” (Surah Luqman;18-19)… 75. That was because you had been exulting in the earth without any right (by worshipping others instead of Allah and by committing crimes), and that you used to rejoice extremely (in your error). (Surah Ghafir or Al-Mu’min;75)

By what other names is the Qur`an called in the Qur’an, and what do these names mean? Apart from the title “the Qur`an” the revelation to Muhammad (PBUH)  in referred to by several other names in the Qur’an itself, such as; Furqan (the criterion, or standard) of judging right and wrong, true and false. “Blessed be He Who sent down the criterion (of right and wrong, i.e. this Qur’an) to His slave (Muhammad (PBUH) that he may be a warner to the ‘Alamin (mankind and jinns).” (Surah Al-Furqan;1)…  “Indeed, We have sent down for you (O mankind) a Book, or Kitab (the Qur’an) in which there is Dhikrukum, (your Reminder or an honour for you i.e. honour for the one who follows the teaching of the Qur’an and acts on its orders). Will you not then understand? ” (Surah al-Anbiyaa;10)…. “Verily We; It is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Qur’an) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption). ” (Surah al-Hijr;9)… “And truly, this (the Qur’an) is a revelation (tanzil) from the L.ord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). ” (Surah Ash-Shuara; 192)… “Or lest you (pagan Arabs) should say; “If only the Book had been sent down to us, we would surely have been better guided than they (Jews and Christians).” So now has come unto you a clear proof (the ’hudan) from your Lord, and a guidance and a mercy. Who then does more wrong than one who rejects the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah and turns away therefrom? We shall requite those who turn away from Our Ayat with an evil torment, because of their turning away (from them). ” (Surah Al-Anam;157)… It is also referred to` as Nur (light) and Rahmah (mercy) and described as Majid (glorious), Mubarak (blessed). These names and descriptions indicate the many aspects of the message of the Qur’an..

By what sources do the Muslims govern? Muslims govern by the laws laid down in the Qur’an and authentic Ahadith (traditions and actions of the Prophet). Allah (SWT) says; “And so judge (you O Muhammad (PBUH) between them by what Allah has revealed and follow not their vain desires, but beware of them lest they turn you (O Muhammad) far away from some of that which Allah has sent down to you. And if they turn away, then know that Allah’s Will is to punish them for some sins of theirs. And truly, most of men are Fasiqun (rebellious and disobedient to Allah).” (Surah al-Maidah; 49).

By which Satan scares to man? “Satan threatens you with poverty and orders you to commit Fahsha (evil deeds, illegal sexual intercourse, sins etc.); whereas Allah promises you Forgiveness from Himself and Bounty, and Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures’ needs, All-Knower.” (Surah Al-Baqarah;268).

Call to the Remembrance → Allah said; “Get you down (from the Paradise to the earth), both of you, together, some of you are an enemy to some others. Then if there comes to you guidance from Me, then whoever follows My Guidance shall neither go astray, nor fall into distress and misery. “But whosoever turns away from My Reminder (i.e. neither believes in this Qur’an nor acts on its orders, etc.) verily, for him is a life of hardship, and We shall raise him up blind on the Day of Resurrection.”He will say; “O my Lord! Why have you raised me up blind, while I had sight (before).” (Allah) will say; “Like this, Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) came unto you, but you disregarded them (i.e. you left them, did not think deeply in them, and you turned away from them), and so this Day, you will be neglected (in the Hell-fire, away from Allah’s Mercy).” (Surah Ta-Ha;123-126)… “Is it not a guidance for them (to know) how many generations We have destroyed before them, in whose dwellings they walk? Verily, in this are signs indeed for men of understanding.” (Surah Ta-Ha;128)…”Say (O Muhammad ); “I warn you only by the revelation (from Allah and not by the opinion of the religious scholars and others). But the deaf (who follow the religious scholars and others blindly) will not hear the call, (even) when they are warned [(i.e. one should follow only the Qur’an and the Sunnah (legal ways, orders, acts of worship, statements of Prophet Muhammad  , as the Companions of the Prophet  did)].” (Surah Al-Anbiyah’;45) … “And We have sent you (O Muhammad ) not but as a mercy for the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). Say (O Muhammad ); “It is revealed to me that your Ilah (God) is only one Ilah (God – Allah). Will you then submit to His Will (become Muslims and stop worshipping others besides Allah)? “But if they (disbelievers, idolaters, Jews,Christians, polytheists, etc.) turn away (from  Islamic Monotheism) say (to them O Muhammad ); “I give you a notice (of war as) to be known to us all alike. And I know not whether that which you are promised (i.e. the torment or the Day of Resurrection) is near or far.” (Surah Al-Anbiyah’;107-109)… “As for those who disbelieve, their deeds are like a mirage in a desert. The thirsty one thinks it to be water, until he comes up to it, he finds it to be nothing, but he finds Allah with him, Who will pay him his due (Hell). And Allah is Swift in taking account. Or [the state of a disbeliever] is like the darkness in a vast deep sea, overwhelmed with a great wave topped by a great wave, topped by dark clouds, darkness, one above another, if a man stretches out his hand, he can hardly see it! And he for whom Allah has not appointed light, for him there is no light. ” (Surah An-Nur;39-40)… “O You who believe! Shall I guide you to a commerce that will save you from a painful torment. That you believe in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad ), and that you strive hard and fight in the Cause of Allah with your wealth and your lives, that will be better for you, if you but know!   (If you do so) He will forgive you your sins, and admit you into Gardens under which rivers flow, and pleasant dwelling in Gardens of ‘Adn – Eternity [‘Aden (Eden) Paradise], that is indeed the great success.” (Surah As-Saff;10-12)… “The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft asunder (the people of Makkah requested Prophet Muhammad  to show them a miracle, so he showed them the splitting of the moon). And if they see a sign, they turn away, and say; “This is continuous magic.”They belied (the Verses of Allah, this Qur’an), and followed their own lusts. And every matter will be settled [according to the kind of deeds (for the doer of good deeds, his deeds will take him to Paradise, and similarly evil deeds will take their doers to Hell)]. And indeed there has come to them news (in this Qur’an) wherein there is (enough warning) to check (them from evil). Perfect wisdom (this Qur’an), but (the preaching of) warners benefit them not.” (Surah Al-Qamar;1-5)…  ” Do they not look at the camels, how they are created? And at the heaven, how it is raised? And at the mountains, how they are rooted and fixed firm? And at the earth, how it is spread out. So remind them (O Muhammad (PBUH), you are only a one who reminds. You are not a dictator over them.” (Surah Al-Ghaashiyah;17-22).

Call Yourself A Human? “Indeed, We (God) offered the Trust to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, and they declined to bear it and feared it; but man [undertook to] bear it. Indeed, he was unjust and ignorant. (Surah Al-Ahzab;72)… “And it is He (God) who has made you successors (khala’ifa) upon the earth and has raised some of you above others in degrees [of rank] that He may try you through what He has given you. Indeed, your Lord is swift in penalty; but indeed, He is Forgiving and Merciful.” (Surah Al-An’am;165). In Arabic the word for earthling is Khalifa, pronounced kha-leaf-ah. This is a magnificent word with multiple meanings like deputy, guardian, ‘friend of Earth’ and viceroy, although it all boils down to Stewardship. Human beings are the most intelligent beings on earth so it makes sense that we have the responsibility to care for our planet, to give it a hug and a health check now and again .Muslims are supposed to hold this responsibility deeply. We are not the masters but we have been given a short-term trust. Anyone who creates corruption and pollution abuses their power and has violated this trust. Such a person fails as a Human and needs to earn the title back.

Can a Muslim deprive a non-Muslim of share in inheritance? “Verily, those who believed, and emigrated and strove hard and fought with their property and their lives in the Cause of Allah as well as those who gave (them) asylum and help, – these are (all) allies to one another. And as to those who believed but did not emigrate (to you O Muhammad (PBUH), you owe no duty of protection to them until they emigrate , but if they seek your help in religion, it is your duty to help them except against a people with whom you have a treaty of mutual alliance, and Allah is the All-Seer of what you do.And those who disbelieve are allies to one another, (and) if you (Muslims of the whole world collectively) do not do so (i.e. become allies, as one united block with one Khalifah – chief Muslim ruler for the whole Muslim world to make victorious Allah ‘s Religion of Islamic Monotheism), there will be Fitnah (wars, battles, polytheism, etc.) and oppression on earth, and a great mischief and corruption (appearance of polytheism). ” (Surah Al-Anfal;72-73).

Can a Muslim eat from the table of a follower of the book? “Made lawful to you this day are At-Tayyibat [all kinds of Halal (lawful) foods, which Allah has made lawful (meat of slaughtered eatable animals, etc., milk products, fats, vegetables and fruits, etc.). The food (slaughtered cattle, eatable animals, etc.) of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) is lawful to you and yours is lawful to them. ” (Surah al-Maidah;5).

Can a Muslim follow only the Qur’an but not the Hadith? No, as the Qur’an says; “Say (O Muhammad to mankind); “If you (really) love Allah then follow me (i.e. accept Islamic Monotheism, follow the Qur’an and the Sunnah), Allah will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Surah Ale-Imran;31)… “And ‘Those disobey Allah and His Prophet (PBUH) and transgress His limits will I admitted to a fire, to abide therein and they  shall have disgraceful punishment” (Surah an-Nisaa;14)

Can a Muslim give up eating of lawful things? “O you who believe! Make not unlawful the Taiyibat (all that is good as regards foods, things, deeds, beliefs, persons, etc.) which Allah has made lawful to you, and transgress not. Verily, Allah does not like the transgressors. And eat of the things which Allah has provided for you, lawful and good, and fear Allah in Whom you believe. ” (Surah al-Maidah;87-88).

Can a Muslim male marry a polytheist female and can a Muslim female marry a polytheist male? “And do not marry Al-Mushrikat (idolatresses, etc.) till they believe (worship Allah Alone). And indeed a slave woman who believes is better than a (free) Mushrikah (idolatress, etc.), even though she pleases you. And give not (your daughters) in marriage to Al-Mushrikun till they believe (in Allah Alone) and verily, a believing slave is better than a (free) Mushrik (idolater, etc.), even though he pleases you. Those (Al-Mushrikun) invite you to the Fire, but Allah invites (you) to Paradise and Forgiveness by His Leave, and makes His Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) clear to mankind that they may remember.” (Surah Al-Baqarah;221).

Can a person choose to do good or bad? Allah (SWT) has given man understanding of the difference between good and bad. Allah (SWT) has full power to control His creation, including man. But He has also given man the power to choose between good and bad. He loves those who do good and is angry with those who do wrong. The Qur’an says; “And by Nafs (Adam or a person or a soul, etc.), and Him Who perfected him in proportion; Then He showed him what is wrong for him and what is right for him; Indeed he succeeds who purifies his ownself (i.e. obeys and performs all that Allah ordered, by following the true Faith of Islamic Monotheism and by doing righteous good deeds). And indeed he fails who corrupts his ownself (i.e. disobeys what Allah has ordered by rejecting the true Faith of Islamic Monotheism or by following polytheism, etc. or by doing every kind of evil wicked deeds). ” (Surah Ash-Shams;7-l0).

Can anyone associated with Allah (SWT)? “So invoke not with Allah another ilah (god) lest you be among those who receive punishment.” (Surah Ash-Shuara;213)… “Worship Allah and join none with Him in worship, and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, Al-Masakin (the poor), the neighbour who is near of kin, the neighbor who is a stranger, the companion by your side, the wayfarer (you meet), and those (slaves) whom your right hands possess. Verily, Allah does not like such as are proud and boastful. ” (Surah an-Nisaa;36).

Can anyone know when the Last Hour will come? No, for such knowledge is unique to Allah. No person, unless Allah wills, can know when it will take place. All we know is that it is coming, for the Qur’an states;People will ask you about the Last Hour. Say; “Only Allah has knowledge of it. What will make you understand? It may be that the Last Hour is very near.”  (Surah  al-Ahzab; 63)

Can anyone relate information about the future? Knowledge of the future, whether close or remote, belongs only to Allah, the sole possessor of the knowledge of the Unseen. Thus, people cannot relate any information about the future. Allah, however, says in the Qur’an that He may provide some information about the future to His Messengers; He is the Knower of the Unseen, and does not divulge His secrets to anyone—except a Messenger with whom He is well pleased, and then He posts sentinels before him and behind him.  (Surah  al-Jinn, 26-27)

Can business be resumed after the Jumuah prayer? “O you who believe (Muslims)! When the call is proclaimed for the Salat (prayer) on the day of Friday (Jumu’ah prayer), come to the remembrance of Allah [Jumu’ah religious talk (Khutbah) and Salat (prayer)] and leave off business (and every other thing), that is better for you if you did but know!10. Then when the (Jumu’ah) Salat (prayer) is finished, you may disperse through the land, and seek the Bounty of Allah (by working, etc.), and remember Allah much, that you may be successful. ” (Surah al-Jumuah;9-10).

Can Names be derived from all the Attributes related to His Acting, Glorified is He? No, Almighty Allah can not be called by Names other than those He named Himself in His Qur’an with, or those attributed to Him through His Messenger (PBUH). Moreover, every attribute related to His Acting, He Almighty Allah, named Himself with, denotes Praise and Perfection due to Him Alone. Allah did not attribute all these Names to Himself. But, some of them He, Almighty Allah, used to describe Himself with, such as in, “Allah is He Who created you, then provided food for you, then will cause you to die, then (again) He will give you life (on the Day of Resurrection)}. (Surah Ar-Rum;40)… Almighty Allah, called Himself the Creator, the Sublime Provider, the Supreme Death Bringer, and the Supreme Life-Giver. Some Attributes He, Almighty Allah, called Himself with by way of reciprocity and encountering denoting all the Praise and Perfection due to Him such as in, “Verily, the hypocrites seek to deceive Allah, but it is He Who deceives them}. (Surah An-Nisaa;142)… Allah (SWT) says; “And they (disbelievers) plotted (to kill ‘Isa (Jesus) (PBUH) and Allah plotted too. And Allah is the Best of those who plot}. (Surah Ale-Imran;54)… Allah (SWT) says; They have forgotten Allah, so He has forgotten them. (Surah At-Taubah;67…) These Attributes can not be attributed to Him in other than the context in which they originally were revealed. Hence, it can not be said that He, All Glory is His due, deceives, plots, forgets, and mocks, etc. In addition, it can not be said that Allah is deceiver, plotter, and mocker. No Muslim or rational man can say so regarding Allah the Almighty. As He, Glory be His, did not describe Himself with these attributes but for encountering the saying of those hypocrites, polytheists, and disbelievers who falsely claimed this. It is well known that encountering and meeting the sin with justice is good on the part of the created, so what about the All Knowing, All Just, and All Wise Creator!

Can non-believers and orientalists find falsehood, errors, in coherence or inaccuracies in the Qur’anic approaches to various topics? The Qur’an is devoid of errors, incoherence and inaccuracies. It contains the whole truth and nothing but the truth. It is fullyguarded on all sides as expressed in the Qur’an; “Verily, We, it is We Who have sent down the ‘Dhikr’ (i.e. the Qur’an) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption)” (Surah al-Hijr; 9). ” Falsehood cannot come to it from before it or behind it. It is sent down by All-Wise, Worthy of all praise” (Surah Fussilat/Surah Ha Mim As Sajdah;42).

Can slander of chaste women be forgiven?  “And those who accuse chaste women, and produce not four witnesses, flog them with eighty stripes, and reject their testimony for ever, they indeed are the Fasiqun (liars, rebellious, disobedient to Allah). (Surah an-Nur; 4). “Verily, those who accuse chaste women, who never even think of anything touching their chastity and are good believers, are cursed in this life and in the Hereafter, and for them will be a great torment. ” (Surah an-Nur;23).

Can the divorce woman be remarried to the same person? “And if he has divorced her (the third time), then she is not lawful unto him thereafter until she has married another husband. Then, if the other husband divorces her, it is no sin on both of them that they reunite, provided they feel that they can keep the limits ordained by Allah. These are the limits of Allah, which He makes plain for the people who have knowledge.” (Surah Al-Baqarah;230).

Can the Muslim men look at women lustfully? “Say to the believing men that; they should cast down their glances and guard their private parts (by being chaste). This is better for them.” (Surah an-Nur;30).

Can the thief be pardoned? “But whosoever repents after his crime and does righteous good deeds (by obeying Allah), then verily, Allah will pardon him (accept his repentance). Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 40. Know you not that to Allah (Alone) belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth! He punishes whom He wills and He forgives whom He wills. And Allah is Able to do all things.”  (Surah al-Maidah;39-40).

Can Zakat be given to those whose debts are greater than their income or wealth? Yes, Zakat can be given to those whose debt is greater than their wealth. Allah (SWT) has ordained that Zakat be distributed to eight categories of people. “The alms are only for the poor, and the needy and those employed to collect the funds; and to attract the hearts of those who have been inclined towards Islam; and to free the captives; and for those in debt; and for those struggling for the cause of God, and for the wayfarer (a traveler who is cut off from everything); a duty imposed by God.” (Surah Al-Bara’at/Surah At-Taubah; 60).

Celestial Organization or Day and night, Sun and Moon → “And He it is Who has created the night  and the day, and the sun and moon, each in an orbit floating.” (Surah An-Anbiya;33)  “It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor does the night outstrip the day, they all float, each in an orbit.” (Surah Yasin;40) “(He is the) Cleaver of the daybreak. He has appointed the night for resting, and the sun and the moon for reckoning. Such is the measuring of All Mighty, the All-Knowing.”  (Surah Al-Anam;96) He makes night merge into day and day merge into night, and He has made the Sun and Moon subservient, each one running until a specified time. That is Allah, your Lord. The Kingdom is His. Those you call on besides Him have no power over even the smallest speck. (Surah Fatir;13)

Choice of spouse 3. And if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphan-girls, then marry (other) women of your choice, two or three, or four but if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one or (the captives and the slaves) that your right hands possess. That is nearer to prevent you from doing injustice (Surah An. -Nisaa’;3)… 19. O you who believe! You are forbidden to inherit women against their will, and you should not treat them with harshness, that you may take away part of the Mahr you have given them, unless they commit open illegal sexual intercourse. And live with them honorably. If you dislike them, it may be that you dislike a thing and Allah brings through it a great deal of good. (Surah An -Nisaa’;19)

Choose rulers by their merit → “And their Prophet (Samuel) said to them, “Indeed Allah has appointed Talut (Saul) as a king over you.” They said, “How can he be a king over us when we are better fitted than him for the kingdom, and he has not been given enough wealth.” He said; “Verily, Allah has chosen him above you and has increased him abundantly in knowledge and stature. And Allah grants His Kingdom to whom He wills. And Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures’ needs, All-Knower.” (Surah Al-Baqarah;247).

Cite some descriptions of how people would stand in the Day of Judgment from? The Day when (all) mankind will stand before the Lord of the” Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists)?). (Surah AI-Mutaffifin;6)… Allah (SWT) says; Consider not that Allah is unaware of that which the Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers) do, but He gives them respite up to a Day when the eyes will stare in horror. (They will be) hastening forward with necks outstretched, their heads raised up (towards the sky), their gaze returning not towards them and their hearts empty (from thinking because of extreme fear)}. (Surah Ibrahim;42-43)… Allah (SWT) says; “The Day that Ar-Ruh [Jibril (Gabriel) or another angel] and the angels will stand forth in rows, they will not speak except him whom the Most Gracious (Allah) allows, and he will speak what is right}. (Surah An-Naba;38)…Allah (SWT) says; “And warn them (O Muhammad (PBUH) of the Day that is drawing near (i.e. the Day of Resurrection), when the hearts will be choking the throats, and they can neither return them (hearts) to their chests nor can they throw them out. There will be no friend, nor an intercessor for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers), who could be given heed to}. (Surah Ghafir;18)… Allah (SWT) says; “The angels and the Ruh [Jibril (Gabriel)] ascend to Him in a Day the measure whereof is fifty thousand years}. (Surah Al-Ma’arij;4)… Allah (SWT) says; We shall attend to you, O you two classes (jinn and men)!). (Surah Ar-Rahman;31)

Cite some descriptions of the Display and Reckoning in the Day of Judgment? Allah (SWT) says; That Day shall you be brought to Judgement, not a secret of you will be hidden. (Surah Al-Haqqah;18)… Allah (SWT) says; “And they will be set before your Lord in (lines as) rows, (and Allah will say); “Now indeed, you have come to Us as We created you the first time. Nay, but you thought that We had appointed no meeting for you (with is)”). (Surah Al-Kahf;48)… Allah (SWT) says; “And (remember) the Day when We shall gather out of every every  a troop of those who denied Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), and (then) they (all) shall be set in array (gathered and driven to the place of reckoning). Till, when they come, (before their Lord at the place of reckoning), He will say; “Did you deny My Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) Whereas you comprehended them not by knowledge (of their truth or falsehood), or what (else) was it that you used to do?” And the Word (of torment) will be fulfilled against them, because they have done wrong, and they will be unable to speak (in order to defend themselves)}. (Surah An-Naml;83-85)… Allah (SWT) says; “That Day mankind will proceed in scattered groups that they may be shown their deeds. So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant) shall see it. And whosoever does evil equal to the eight of an atom (or a small ant) shall see it}. (Surah Az-Zalzalah;6-8)… Allah (SWT) says; “So, by your Lord, (O Muhammad (PBUH) We shall certainly call all of them to account. For all that they used to do}. (Surah Al-Hijr92, 93)… Allah (SWT) says; “But stop them, verily they are to be questioned}. (Surah As-Saffat;24)… Allah say; “He surely will receive an easy reckoning}.” (Surah Al-Inshiqaq;8)

Cite some descriptions of the Spreading of the Records of deeds from the Glorious Qur’an? Allah (SWT) says; “And We have fastened every man’s deeds to his neck, and on the Day of Resurrection, We shall bring out for him a book which he will find wide open. (It will be said to him); “Read your book. You yourself are sufficient as a reckoner against you this Day”}. (Surah Al-Asraa;13-14)… Allah (SWT) says; “And when the (written) pages [of deeds (good and bad) of every person]are laid open}. (Surah At-Takwir;10)… Allah (SWT) says; “And the Book (one’s Record) will be placed (in the right hand for a believer in the Oneness of Allah, and in the left hand for a disbeliever in the Oneness of Allah), and you all see the Mujrimun (criminals, polytheists, sinners), fearful of that which is (recorded) herein. They will say; “Woe to us! What sort of Book is this that leaves neither a small thing nor a big thing, but has recorded it with numbers!” And they will find all that they did, placed before them, and your Lord treats no one with injustice}. (Surah Al-Kahf;49)… Allah (SWT) says; “Then as for him who will be given his Record in his right hand will say; “Here! Read my Record! Surely, I did believe that I shall meet my Account! So he shall be in a life, well-pleasing. In a lofty Paradise, the fruits in bunches whereof will be low and near at hand. Eat and drink at ease for that which you have sent on before you in days past! But as for him who will be given his Record in his left hand, will say; I wish that I had not been given my Record! And that I had never known how my Account is! Would that it had been my end (death)! My wealth has not availed me,’ my power has gone from me! (It will be said); Seize him and fetter him,’ then throw him in the blazing Fire. Then fasten him with a chain whereof the length is seventy cubits! Verily, he used not to believe in Allah, the Most Great, and urged not on the feeding of Al-Miskin (the poor). So no friend has he here this Day, nor any food except filth from the washing of wounds. None will eat it except the Khati’un (sinners, disbelievers, polytheists). (Surah Al-Haqqah; 19-37)…Allah (SWT) says; Then as for him who will be given his Record in his right hand. (Surah Al-Inshiqaq;7) Allah (SWT) says; But whosoever is given his Record behind his back. (Surah Al-Inshiqaq;10) This indicates that whosoever is given his Record in his right hand, he takes it from his front. Whosoever is given it in his left hand, he takes it from behind his back. May Allah grant us refuge from this.

Cite some examples from the Qur’an pertaining to the portents of the Last Hour? Allah (SWT) says; Do they then wait for anything other than that the angels should come to them, or that your Lord (Allah) should come, or that some of the Signs of your Lord should come (i.e. portents of the Hour e.g., rising of the sun from the west)! The day that some of the Signs of your Lord do come, no good will it do to a person to believe then, if he believed it not before, nor earned good (by performing the deeds of righteousness) through his Faith. Say; “Wait you! We (too) are waiting}. (Surah Al-An’am;158) Allah (SWT) says; And when the Word (of torment) is fulfilled against them, We shall bring out from the earth a beast for them, to speak to them because mankind believed not with certainty in Our Ayat (verses of the Qur’an and Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). (Surah An-Naml;82) Allah (SWT) says; Until, when Ya’juj and Ma ‘juj (Gog and Magog) are let loose (from their barrier), and they swoop down from every mound. And the true promise (Day of Resurrection) shall draw near (of fulfillment). Then (when mankind is resurrected from their graves), you shall see the eyes of the disbelievers fixedly staring in honor. (They will say); “Woe to us! We were indeed heedless of this -nay, but we were Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers)”. (Surah Al-Anbiya’;96-97) Allah (SWT) says; “Then wait you for the Day when the sky will bring forth a visible smoke}. (Surah Ad-Dukhan;10) Allah (SWT) says; O mankind! Fear your Lord and be dutiful to Him! Verily, the earthquake of the Hour (of Judgement) is a terrible thing. The Day you shall see it, every nursing mother will forget her nursling, and every pregnant one will drop her load, and you shall see mankind as in a drunken state, yet they will not be drunken, but severe will be the Torment of Allah. (Surah Al-Hajj;1-2)

Cite some examples of the Major and Minor Debauchery? First; the Major Debauchery; Allah (SWT) says; Verily, the hypocrites are the Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah). (Surah At-Taubah;67) Allah (SWT) says; Except Iblis (Satan). He was one of the Jinn; he disobeyed the Command of his Lord}. (Surah Al-Kahf;50) Allah (SWT) says; And We saved him from the town (folk) who practiced AI-Khaba’ith (evil, wicked and filthy deeds). Verily, they were a people given to evil, and were Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah). (Surah Al-Anbiya’;74) Second; The Minor Debauchery; Allah (SWT) says; And reject their testimony forever. They indeed are the Fasiqun (liars, rebellious, disobedient to Allah). (Surah An-Nur;4) Allah (SWT) says; “O you who believe! If a Fasiq (liar evil person) comes to you with any news, verify it, lest you should harm people in ignorance, and afterwards you become regretful for what you have done}. (Surah Al-Hujuraat;6) It is narrated that the last verse has been revealed in connection with Al-Walid Ibn ‘Uqbah.

Cite some examples of the Major and Minor Hypocrisy? First; the Major Hypocrisy; Allah (SWT) says; “Verily, the hypocrites seek to deceive Allah, but it is He Who deceives them. And when they stand up for As-Salat (the Prayer), they stand with laziness and to be seen of men, and they do not remember Allah but little. (They are)swaying between this and that, belonging neither to these nor to those; and he whom Allah sends astray, you will not find for him a way (to the truth -Islam). 0 you who believe! Take not for Auliya’ (protectors or helpers or friends) disbelievers instead of believers. Do you wish to offer Allah a manifest proof against yourselves? Verily, the hypocrites will be in the lowest depth (grade) of the Fire; no helper will you find for them}. (Surah An-Nisaa;142-145) Allah (SWT) says; “When the hypocrites come to you (O Muhammad (PBUH), they say; “We bear witness that you are indeed the Messenger of Allah.” Allah knows that you are indeed His Messenger, and Allah bears witness that the hypocrites are liars indeed}. (Surah Al-Munafiqun;1) Second; the Minor Hypocrisy; It is reported on the authority of Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) says; “Three are the signs of a hypocrite; when he spoke he told a lie, when he made a promise he broke it, and when he was trusted he betrayed.” (Bukhari and Muslim) Narrated’ Abdullah Ibn ‘Amr (RA) the Prophet (PBUH) says; “Whoever has the following four (characteristics) will be a pure hypocrite and whoever has one of the following four characteristics will have one characteristic of hypocrisy unless and until he gives it up; (a) Whenever he is entrusted, he betrays (proves dishonest). (b) Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie. (c) Whenever he makes a covenant, he proves treacherous. (d) Whenever he quarrels, he behaves in a very imprudent, evil and insulting manner.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

Cite some examples of the Major and Minor Injustice? First; the Major Injustice; Allah (SWT) says; And invoke not besides Allah any such that will neither profit you nor hurt you, but if (in case) you did so, you shall certainly be one of the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers). (Surah Yunus;106) Allah (SWT) says; Verily, joining others in worship with Allah is a great Zulm (injustice) indeed}. (Surah Luqman;13) Allah (SWT) says; “Verily, whosoever sets up partners (in worship) with Allah, then Allah has forbidden Paradise to him, and the Fire will be his abode. And for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers) there are no helpers. (Surah Al-Ma’idah;72) Second; the Minor Injustice; Allah (SWT) says; And fear Allah your Lord (O Muslims), And turn them not out of their (husband’s) homes nor shall they (themselves) leave, except in case they are guilty of some open illegal sexual intercourse. And those are the set limits of Allah. And whosoever transgresses the set limits of Allah, then indeed he has been unjust to himself}. (Surah At-Talaq;1). Allah (SWT) says; “But do not take them back to hurt them, and whoever does that, then he has wronged himself}. (Surah Al-Baqarah;231)

Cite some examples on the Most Beautiful Names of Allah from the Glorious Qur’an? Allah (SWT) says; Surely, Allah is Ever Most High Most Great. (Surah An-Nisaa;34) Allah says; Verily, Allah is Ever Most Courteous, Well-Acquainted with all things}. (Surah Al-Ahzab;34) Allah (SWT) says; Verily, He is All-Knowing, All Omnipotent. (Surah Fatir;44) Allah (SWT)  says; Truly, Allah is Ever All-Hearer, All-Seer. (Surah An-Nisaa;58) Allah (SWT) says; (Truly, Allah is Ever Most Powerful, All-Wise}. (Surah An-Nisaa;56) Allah (SWT) says; Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah An-Nisaa;23-106) Allah (SWT) says;  Certainly, He is unto them full of Kindness, Most Merciful}. (Surah At-Taubah;117) Allah (SWT) says; And Allah is Rich (Free of all needs) and He is Most-forbearing. (Surah Al-Baqarah;263) Allah (SWT) says; Surely, He (Allah) is All-Praiseworthy, All-Glorious}. (Surah Hud;73) Allah (SWT) says; Surely, my Lord is Guardian over ill things. (Surah Hud;57) Allah (SWT) says; Certainly, my Lord is Near (to all by His Knowledge), Responsive. (Surah Hud;61) Allah (SWT) says; Surely, Allah is Ever an All-Watcher over you. (Surah An-Nisaa;1) Allah (SWT) says; And Allah is Ever All-Sufficient as a Disposer of affairs. (Surah An-Nisaa;8, 132,171) and (Surah Al-Ahzab;3,48) Allah (SWT) says; And Allah is All-Sufficient in taking account. (Surah An-Nisaa;6) and Surah Al-Ahzab,39) Allah (SWT) says; And Allah is Ever All-Able to do (and also an All- Witness to) everything. (Surah An-Nisaa;85) Allah (SWT) says; Verily! Allah is over all things a Witness. (Surah Al-Hajj;17) Allah (SWT) says; Verily! He it is Who is surrounding all things. (Surah Fussilat;54) Allah (SWT) says; Allah! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the . Hereafter. And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great. (Surah Al-Baqarah,255) Allah (SWT) says; Allah! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. (Surah Al’ Imran;2) Allah(SWT)  says; “He is the First (nothing is before Him) and the Last (nothing is after Him), the Most High (nothing is above Him) and the Most Near (nothing is nearer than Him). And He is the All– Knower of everything}. (Surah Al-Hadid;3) Allah (SWT) says; He is Allah beside Whom La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) the All Knower of the unseen and the seen. He is the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. He is Allah beside Whom La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the King, the Holy, the One Free from all defects, the Giver of security, the Watcher over His creatures, the All-Mighty, the Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Him (High is He) above all that they associate as partners with Him. He is Allah, the Creator, the Inventor of all things, the Bestower of forms. To Him belong the Best Names. All that is in the heavens and the earth glorify Him. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. (Surah Al-Hashr; 22-24)

Cite some of the examples from the Glorious Qur’an that relate some of Allah’s Acting?  Allah (SWT) says; “Then He rose over (Istawa) towards the heaven}. (Surah Al-Baqarah;29) Allah (SWT) says; “Do they then wait for anything other than that Allah should come to them in the shadows of the clouds and the angels? (Then) the case would be already judged. And to Allah return all matters (for decision)}. (Surah Al-Baqarah;210) Allah (SWT) says; “They made not a just estimate of Allah such as is due to Him. And on the Day of Resurrection the whole of the earth will be grasped by His Hand and the heavens will be rolled up in His Right Hand}. (Surah Az-Zumar;67) Allah (SWT) says; “(Allah) said; “O Iblis (Satan)! What prevents you from prostrating yourself to one whom I have created with Both My Hands}. (Surah Sad;75) Allah (SWT) says; . “And We wrote for him on the Tablets the lesson to be drawn from all things and the explanation for all things}. (Surah Al-A’raf; 145) Allah (SWT) says; “So when his Lord appeared to the mountain, He made it collapse to dust}. (Surah Al-A’raf;143) Allah (SWT) says; Verily, Allah does what He wills. (Surah AI-Hajj;18)

Consideration and respect for others → “O you who believe! do not enter houses other than your own until you have asked permission and greeted the inmates . . . and if it is said to you, ‘Go back’, then go back.” (Surah An-Nur;27-28) “O you who believe! avoid most of suspicion (against others), for surely suspicion in some cases is sin; and do not spy (into other people’s affairs), nor let some of you backbite others.” (Surah Al-Hujuraat;12) “When you are greeted with a greeting, greet with one better than it, or return it (in the same terms at least).” (Surah An-Nisaa;86)

Contract a debt → “O you who believe! When you contract a debt for a fixed period, write it down. Let a scribe write it down in justice between you. Let not the scribe refuse to write as Allah has taught him, so let him write. Let him (the debtor) who incurs the liability dictate, and he must fear Allah, his Lord, and diminish not anything of what he owes. But if the debtor is of poor understanding, or weak, or is unable himself to dictate, then let his guardian dictate in justice. And get two witnesses out of your own men. And if there are not two men (available), then a man and two women, such as you agree for witnesses, so that if one of them (two women) errs, the other can remind her. And the witnesses should not refuse when they are called on (for evidence). You should not become weary to write it (your contract), whether it be small or big, for its fixed term, that is more just with Allah; more solid as evidence, and more convenient to prevent doubts among yourselves, save when it is a present trade which you carry out on the spot among yourselves, then there is no sin on you if you do not write it down. But take witnesses whenever you make a commercial contract. Let neither scribe nor witness suffer any harm, but if you do (such harm), it would be wickedness in you. So be afraid of Allah; and Allah teaches you. And Allah is the All-Knower of each and everything. ” (Surah Al-Baqarah;278, 281-282).

Cooperate in righteousness → “O you who believe! Violate not the sanctity of the Symbols of Allah, nor of the Sacred Month, nor of the animals brought for sacrifice, nor the garlanded people or animals, etc. [Marked by the garlands on their necks made from the outer part of the tree-stems (of Makkah) for their security], nor the people coming to the Sacred House (Makkah), seeking the bounty and good pleasure of their Lord. But when you finish the Ihram (of Hajj or ‘Umrah), you may hunt, and let not the hatred of some people in (once) stopping you from Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah) lead you to transgression (and hostility on your part). Help you one another in Al-Birr and At-Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety); but do not help one another in sin and transgression. And fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Severe in punishment.” (Surah al-Maidah;2).

Courage → Speaking of a small number of Muslims facing a big and powerful enemy, the Qur’an relates; “Those to whom men said; people have gathered against you, so fear them; but this increased their faith, and they said; Allah is sufficient for us and He is an excellent Guardian.” (Surah Ale-Imran;173)

Creating the embryo in different stages → He, it is Who has created you (Adam) from dust, then from a Nutfah [mixed semen drops of male and female discharge (i.e. Adam’s offspring)] then from a clot (a piece of coagulated blood), then brings you forth as children, then (makes you grow) to reach the age of full strength, and afterwards to be old (men and women), though some among you die before, and that you reach an appointed term, in order that you may understand. (Surah Ghafir or Al-Mu’min;67) The Scientific research on embryology started in 1651 by Harvey, he was the first person to study the embryo, after him there were many experiments performed by Graaf in 1672, Malpighi 1675, Hamm and Leeuwenhoek in 1677 and  Wolff in 1759, in 1775, all such arguments and disputations came to an end, i.e. an embryo grows up through stages. The experiments performed by Spallanzani on dogs confirmed the importance of sperm in the process of impregnation. Before that, there was only one idea that sperms are strange beings. It is because of such a belief that sperms were given the name of semen animals. One hundred and fifty years after the discovery of sperms and exactly in 1827, Von Baer observed the ovum in the ovary of a dog. In 1839, Schlieden and Schwann became sure that a human being is formed from basic living units that were given the name “cells”. Later on, the idea of the creation of a human being from a cell that comes into being as a result of the union of a sperm and an ovum became easily understood. Allah, the Almighty, says; “What is the matter with you, that you fear not Allah “His punishment”, and you hope not for reward “from Allah or you believe not in His Oneness”. While He has created you in “different” stages. (Surah Nuh;13-14). This Qur’anic text shows that a human embryo does not come all of a sudden without due development, as was commonly believed since Aristotle until the 19th century. The text also stresses the fact that a human embryo goes through various stages of development, something that applies to all people of all races and generations. The history of embryology shows that embryologists, in the past, were unable to discern the creation of embryos. The Ever-Glorious Qur’an declared this fact as early as the seventh century. It tells us that a human being goes through various stages of development and that stands as a living evidence of the wisdom of Allah (SWT) and His Power..

Decide on affairs by consultation – And those who answer the Call of their Lord [i.e. to believe that He is the only One Lord (Allah), and to worship none but Him Alone], and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and who (conduct) their affairs by mutual consultation, and who spend of what We have bestowed on them; (Surah Ash-Shu’ara;38).

Declaring an oath for not going near the wife? “Those who take an oath not to have sexual relation with their wives must wait four months, then if they return (change their idea in this period), verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Surah Al-Baqarah;226).

Define Muhajirun and Ansar  as mentioned in the Qur’an? And the first to embrace Islam of the Muhajirun (those who migrated from Makkah to Al-Madinah) and the Ansar (the citizens of Al-Madinah who helped and gave aid to the Muhajirun) and also those who followed them exactly (in Faith). Allah is well-pleased with them as they are well-pleased with Him. He has prepared for them Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever. That is the supreme success. (Surah Al-Bara’at/Surah At-Taubah;100).

Describe the contents of the Book that you will be given on the Day of Judgement? And the Book (one’s Record) will be placed (in the right hand for a believer in the Oneness of Allah, and in the left hand for a disbeliever in the Oneness of Allah), and you will see the Mujrimun (criminals, polytheists, sinners, etc.), fearful of that which is (recorded) therein. They will say; “Woe to us! What sort of Book is this that leaves neither a small thing nor a big thing, but has recorded it with numbers! “And they will find all that they did, placed before them, and your Lord treats no one with injustice. (Surah Al-Kahf;49).

Describe the crime for which Aad, Thamud and Pharaoh were destroyed? Did you (O Muhammad (PBUH)  not see (thought) how your Lord dealt with ‘Aad (people)? Who were very tall like lofty pillars, They like of which were not created in the land? And (with) Thamud (people), who cut (hewed) out rocks in the valley (to make dwellings)? And (with) Fir’aun (Pharaoh), who had pegs (who used to torture men by binding them to pegs)? Who did transgress beyond bounds in the lands (in the disobedience of Allah). And made therein much mischief. So your Lord poured on them different kinds of severe torment. (Surah al-Fajr;6-13) And remember (Hud) the brother of ‘Aad, when he warned his people in Al-Ahqaf (the curved sand-hills in the southern part of Arabian Peninsula). And surely, there have passed away warners before him and after him (saying); “Worship none but Allah; truly, I fear for you the torment of a mighty Day.” They said; “Have you come to turn us away from our aliha (gods)? Then bring us that with which you threaten us, if you are one of the truthful!” He said; “The knowledge (of the time of its coming) is with Allah  only, and I convey to you that wherewith I have been sent, but I see that you are a people given to ignorance!” Then, when they saw it as a dense cloud coming towards their valleys, they said; “This is a cloud bringing us rain!” Nay, but it is that (torment) which you were asking to be hastened! a wind wherein is a painful torment! Destroying everything by the Command of its Lord! So they became such that nothing could be seen except their dwellings! Thus do We recompense the people who are Mujrimun (polytheists, disbelievers, sinners, etc.) (Surah Al-Ahqaf;21-26). Thamud and ‘Aad people denied the Qari’ah [the striking Hour (of Judgement)]! As for Thamud, they were destroyed by the awful cry! And as for ‘Ad, they were destroyed by a furious violent wind; Which Allah imposed on them for seven nights and eight days in succession, so that you could see men lying overthrown (destroyed), as if they were hollow trunks of date-palms! Do you see any remnants of them? And Fir’aun (Pharaoh), and those before him, and the cities overthrown [the towns of the people of [Lout (Lot)] committed sin, And they disobeyed their Lord’s Messenger, so He punished them with a strong punishment.  (Surah Al-Haqqa; 4-10).  And to ‘Aad (people We sent) their brother Hud. He said, “O my people! Worship Allah! You have no other Ilah (God) but Him. Certainly, you do nothing but invent (lies)! “O my people I ask of you no reward for it (the Message). My reward is only from Him, Who created me. Will you not then understand? “And O my people! Ask forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to Him, He will send you (from the sky) abundant rain, and add strength to your strength, so do not turn away as Mujrimun (criminals, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah).” They said; “O Hud! No evidence have you brought us, and we shall not leave our gods for your (mere) saying! And we are not believers in you.  “All that we say is that some of our gods (false deities) have seized you with evil (madness).” He said; “I call Allah to witness and bear you witness that I am free from that which you ascribe as partners in worship,  With Him (Allah). So plot against me, all of you, and give me no respite.  “I put my trust in Allah, my Lord and your Lord! There is not a moving (living) creature but He has grasp of its forelock. Verily, my Lord is on the Straight Path (the truth).  “So if you turn away, still I have conveyed the Message with which I was sent to you. My Lord will make another people succeed you, and you will not harm Him in the least. Surely, my Lord is Guardian over all things.”And when Our Commandment came, We saved Hud and those who believed with him by a Mercy from Us, and We saved them from a severe torment.  Such were ‘Aad (people). They rejected the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of their Lord and disobeyed His Messengers, and followed the command of every proud obstinate (oppressor of the truth, from their leaders). And they were pursued by a curse in this world and (so they will be) on the Day of Resurrection. No doubt! Verily, ‘Aad disbelieved in their Lord. So away with ‘Aad, the people of Hud. And to Thamud (people, We sent) their brother Salih (Saleh). He said; “O my people! Worship Allah, you have no other Ilah (God) but Him. He brought you forth from the earth and settled you therein, then ask forgiveness of Him and turn to Him in repentance. Certainly, my Lord is Near (to all by His Knowledge), Responsive.”They said; “O Salih (Saleh)! You have been among us as a figure of good hope (and we wished for you to be our chief), till this [new thing which you have brought; that we leave our gods and worship your God (Allah Alone]! Do you (now) forbid us the worship of what our fathers have worshipped? But we are really in grave doubt as to that which you invite us to (monotheism).” (Surah Hud;50-62). ‘Aad (people) belied (their Prophet, Hud), then how (terrible) was My Torment and My Warnings? Verily, We sent against them a furious wind of harsh voice on a day of evil omen and continuous calamity. Plucking out men as if they were uprooted stems of date-palms. Then, how (terrible) was My Torment and My Warnings? And We have indeed made the Qur’an easy to understand and remember, then is there any that will remember (or receive admonition)? Thamud (people also) belied the warnings. For they said; “A man! Alone from among us, that we are to follow? Truly, then we should be in error and distress or madness!” (Surah al-Qamar; 18-24).

Describe the faces of the believers and the disbelievers on the Day of Judgment, as described in the Qur’an? “Some faces that Day shall be Nadirah (shining and radiant). Looking at their Lord (Allah); And some faces, that Day, will be Basirah (dark, gloomy, frowning, and sad), Thinking that some calamity was about to fall on them; (Surah al-Qiyamah;22-25).

Describe the faces of those, on Judgement Day, who lied against Allah (SWT)? And on the Day of Resurrection you will see those who lied against Allah  (i.e. attributed to Him sons, partners, etc.) their faces will be black. Is there not in Hell an abode for the arrogant ones? (Surah Az-Zumar;60).

Describe the invocation of the disbelievers who are in the Hellfire, when they ask for the torment to be lightened? And those in the Fire will say to the keepers (angels) of Hell; “Call upon your Lord to lighten for us the torment for a day!” They will say; “Did there not come to you, your Messengers with (clear) evidences and signs? They will say; “Yes.” They will reply; “Then call (as you like)! And the invocation of the disbelievers is nothing but in error!” (Surah Ghafir or Al-Mu’min;49-50).

Describe the most complete account of Nuh’s people mentionrf in the Qur’an 1430 years ago? Nuh, is the first of the great prophets. Nuh (AS) is mentioned in many verses in the Glorious Quran with his struggle with deniers and his story about the deluge. In addition, the 71st chapter of the Quran was named after him. One of the verses that mentions him is as follows:We (once) sent Nuh to his people, and he tarried among them a thousand years less fifty: but the Deluge overwhelmed them while they (persisted in) sin. (Surah al-Ankaboot, 29/14). 25. And indeed We sent Nuh (AS) to his people (and he said); “I have come to you as a plain warner.26. “That you worship none but Allah, surely, I fear for you the torment of a painful Day.”27. The chiefs of the disbelievers among his people said; “We see you but a man like ourselves, nor do we see any follow you but the meanest among us and they (too) followed you without thinking. And we do not see in you any merit above us, in fact we think you are liars.”28. He said; “O my people! Tell me, if I have a clear proof from my Lord, and a Mercy (Prophethood, etc.) has come to me from Him, but that (Mercy) has been obscured from your sight. Shall we compel you to accept it (Islamic Monotheism) when you have a strong hatred for it?29. “And O my people! I ask of you no wealth for it, my reward is from none but Allah. I am not going to drive away those who have believed. Surely, they are going to meet their Lord, but I see that you are a people that are ignorant. 30. “And O my people! Who will help me against Allah, if I drove them away? Will you not then give a thought?31. “And I do not say to you that with me are the Treasures of Allah, “Nor that I know the Ghaib (unseen); “nor do I say I am an angel, and I do not say of those whom your eyes look down upon that Allah will not bestow any good on them. Allah knows what is in their inner-selves (as regards belief, etc.). In that case, I should, indeed be one of the Zalimun (wrong-doers, oppressors, etc.).”32. They said; “O Nuh (Nuh)! You have disputed with us and much have you prolonged the dispute with us, now bring upon us what you threaten us with, if you are of the truthful.”33. He said; “Only Allah will bring it (the punishment) on you, if He will, and then you will escape not.34. “And my advice will not profit you, even if I wish to give you good counsel, if Allah’s Will is to keep you astray. He is your Lord! and to Him you shall return.”35. Or they (the pagans of Makkah) say; “He (Muhammad ) has fabricated it (the Qur’an).” Say; “If I have fabricated it, upon me be my crimes, but I am innocent of (all) those crimes which you commit.”36. And it was inspired to Nuh (Nuh); “None of your people will believe except those who have believed already. So be not sad because of what they used to do.37. “And construct the ship under Our Eyes and with Our Inspiration, and address Me not on behalf of those who did wrong; they are surely to be drowned.”38. And as he was constructing the ship, whenever the chiefs of his people passed by him, they made a mockery of him. He said; “If you mock at us, so do we mock at you likewise for your mocking.39. “And you will know who it is on whom will come a torment that will cover him with disgrace and on whom will fall a lasting torment.”40. (So it was) till then there came Our Command and the oven gushed forth (water like fountains from the earth). We said; “Embark therein, of each kind two (male and female), and your family, except him against whom the Word has already gone forth, and those who believe. And none believed with him, except a few.”41. And he [Nuh (Nuh)] said; “Embark therein, in the Name of Allah will be its moving course and its resting anchorage. Surely, my Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” 42. So it (the ship) sailed with them amidst the waves like mountains, and Nuh (Nuh) called out to his son, who had separated himself (apart), “O my son! Embark with us and be not with the disbelievers.”43. The son replied; “I will betake myself to a mountain, it will save me from the water.” Nuh (Nuh) said; “This day there is no saviour from the Decree of Allah except him on whom He has mercy.” And a wave came in between them, so he (the son) was among the drowned.44. And it was said; “O earth! Swallow up your water, and O sky! Withhold (your rain).” And the water was diminished (made to subside) and the Decree (of Allah) was fulfilled (i.e. the destruction of the people of Nuh (Nuh). And it (the ship) rested on Mount Judi, and it was said; “Away with the people who are Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doing)!”45. And Nuh (Nuh) called upon his Lord and said, “O my Lord! Verily, my son is of my family! And certainly, Your Promise is true, and You are the Most Just of the judges.” (Surah Hud; 25-45) This verse, which is one of the most laconic and eloquent verses of the Quran, summarizes the deluge in a few sentences:When the word went forth: “O earth! swallow up your water, and O sky! withhold (your rain)!” and the water abated, and the matter was ended. The Ark rested on Mount Judi, and the word went forth: “Away with those who do wrong!” ((Surah Hud;44).

Describe the similitude if a person kills another person and if a person saves a life? Because of that We ordained for the Children of Israel that if anyone killed a person not in retaliation of murder, or (and) to spread mischief in the land – it would be as if he killed all mankind, and if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of all mankind. And indeed, there came to them Our Messengers with clear proofs, evidences, and signs, even then after that many of them continued to exceed the limits (e.g. by doing oppression unjustly and exceeding beyond the limits set by Allah  by committing the major sins) in the land!. (Surah al-Maidah;32).

Describe those people who think that angels should be sent to them or that they should see Allah (SWT) → And those who expect not for a Meeting with Us (i.e. those who deny the Day of Resurrection and the life of the Hereafter), say; “Why are not the angels sent down to us, or why do we not see our Lord?” Indeed they think too highly of themselves, and are scornful with great pride. (Surah Al-Furqan; 21).

Describe those who are allowed to maintain masjids of Allah (SWT)? The Mosques of Allah shall be maintained only by those who believe in Allah and the Last Day; perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and give Zakat and fear none but Allah. It is they who are expected to be on true guidance. (Surah Al-Bara’at/Surah At-Taubah;18).

Describe two characteristics of the Muhsinun. Those who spend in Allah’s Cause → deeds of charity, alms, etc. in prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger, and who pardon men; verily, Allah loves Al-Muhsinun (the good-doers). (Surah Ale-Imran;134).

Describe two things of the state of mankind on the Day of Judgement? O mankind! Fear your Lord and be dutiful to Him! Verily, the earthquake of the Hour (of Judgement) is a terrible thing. The Day you shall see it, every nursing mother will forget her nursling, and every pregnant one will drop her load, and you shall see mankind as in a drunken state, yet they will not be drunken, but severe will be the Torment of Allah. (Surah Al-Hajj;1-2).

Did Adam and his wife obey Allah’s order? No, Then Shaitan (Satan) whispered to him, saying ; “O Adam! Shall I lead you to the Tree of Eternity and to a kingdom that will never waste away?” Then they both ate of the tree, and so their private parts appeared to them, and they began to stick on themselves the leaves from Paradise for their covering. Thus did Adam disobey his Lord, so he went astray. (Surah Ta-Ha; 120-121).

Did all the angels obey Allah’s order “Prostrate to Adam? Yes. We told the angels, “Prostrate to Adam”, and they prostrated, except Iblis (Satan), he refused to be of those who prostrate. (Surah al-Araf;11).

Did God create Eve from Adam’s rib or did He create them together? What is the difference between the Islamic version of the story of creation and the Christian version? Is there any contradiction between the two versions? There is a lot of common ground shared by the Judeo-Christian tradition and the Islamic tradition with regard to belief and practice. Both the Bible and the Qur’an tell the story of the creation of the first man, Adam. This story is significant for its universal appeal, as it tells how mankind began its earthly existence. Indeed, the same story is repeated in several surahs, such as Surah Al-Baqarah, Surah Al-A`raf, and Surah Ta-Ha. In all these places, the emphasis is on the creation of Adam, and we should understand that Adam here stands for Man in the generic sense. The Qur’an says what means; “We created man from sounding clay, from mud moulded into shape”   (Surah Al-Hijr;26). It also says what means; “He Who has made everything which He has created most good; He began the creation of man with (nothing more than) clay (7) And made his progeny from a quintessence of the nature of a fluid despised”   (Surah As-Sajdah;7-8). The creation of Eve is not described in the Qur’an as in the case of Adam; though it is stated that a “mate” was created with Adam, from the same nature and soul. The Qur’an says what means;“It is He Who created you from a single person, and made his mate of like nature, in order that he might dwell with her in love….”  (Surah Al-A`raf;189). We find “Eve” as the name of the first woman at the beginning of Chapter 4 of the Book of Genesis, in the Bible. Though the Qur’an does not give her name, she is known in Islamic tradition by the Arabic name Hawwa`.The Bible describes the creation of Eve in these terms;“The Lord God said; ‘It is not good that Man should be alone; I will make him a help meet’… the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam… and He took one of his ribs… and made He a woman … and brought her unto the man … and … Adam said, “She shall be called woman”  (Genesis 2;18, 21-3). The Qur’an confirms that Hawwa` was indeed created out of Adam but is silent on the specific process of her creation. It states what means; “O mankind! reverence your Guardian-Lord, Who created you from a single person, created, of like nature, His mate, and from them twain scattered [like seeds] countless men and women;—reverence God, through whom ye demand your mutual [rights], and [reverence] the wombs [that bore you]; for God ever watches over you.}”  (Surah An-Nisaa’;1). Both the descriptions in the Bible and the Qur’an clearly show that the creation of Hawaa’ also was unique as she was the only woman created from a man. But unlike the Bible, the Qur’an does not say that Hawwa was created from Adam’s rib, but says that she was made “of like nature.”The rib implies that the process of creation of woman differed from Adam and was unique. The Bible says, “God said, ‘It is not good that Man should be alone; I will make for him a help meet,’” and the Qur’an speaks of humanity’s ”Guardian-Lord… [creating] from a single person, …of like nature, his mate. We may say that the rib is symbolic of the husband’s duty to treat his wife as part of himself, as well as the wife’s dependence on the husband for care and protection. All the three religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam agree on one basic fact; Both men and women are created by God. But the Judeo-Christian tradition teaches that Satan appeared in the form of a serpent before Eve and tempted her to eat from the forbidden tree and that it was Eve who seduced Adam to eat with her. According to the Genesis story, God rebuked Adam for what he did, but the latter put all the blame on Eve; “The woman you put here with me—she gave me some fruit from the tree and I ate it”(Genesis 3;12). Consequently, God said to Eve, “I will greatly increase your pains in childbearing; with pain you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband and he will rule over you” (Genesis 3;16). To Adam He said, “Because you listened to your wife and ate from the tree … cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat of it all the days of your life” (Genesis 3;17). The Islamic view of the matter is clear from the verses that mean;“So by deceit he (satan) brought about their fall; when they tasted of the tree, their shame became manifest to them, and they began to sew together the leaves of the garden over their bodies. And their Lord called unto them; “Did I not forbid you that tree, and tell you that Satan was an avowed enemy unto you?” (22) They said; “Our Lord! We have wronged our own souls; If thou forgive us not and bestow not upon us Thy Mercy, we shall certainly be lost.”  (Surah Al-A`raf;22-23). A careful look into the two accounts of the story of the creation reveals some essential differences. The Qur’an, contrary to the Bible, places equal blame on both Adam and Eve for their mistake. The Qur’an does not say that Eve tempted Adam to eat from the tree or even that she had eaten before him. Eve in the Qur’an is not a seducer or deceiver. God, according to the Qur’an, punishes no one for another’s faults. Both Adam and Eve committed a sin and then asked God for forgiveness and He forgave them both. So there is no question of a hereditary sin called Original Sin in Islam.

Did Jesus order people to worship him? 116. And (remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection); “O ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)! Did you say unto men; ‘Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allah?’ ” He will say; “Glory be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, You would surely have known it. You know what is in my inner-self though I do not know what is in Yours, truly, You, only You, are the All-Knower of all that is hidden and unseen.117. “Never did I say to them aught except what You (Allah) did command me to say; ‘Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.’ And I was a witness over them while I dwelt amongst them, but when You took me up, You were the Watcher over them, and You are a Witness to all things. (This is a great admonition and warning to the Christians of the whole world). 118. “If You punish them, they are Your slaves, and if You forgive them, verily You, only You are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise .”119. Allah will say; “This is a Day on which the truthful will profit from their truth; theirs are Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise) – they shall abide therein forever. Allah is pleased with them and they with Him. That is the great success (Paradise).120. To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is therein, and He is Able to do all things. (Surah Al-Maidah;116-120) He needs neither a son, or a wife nor an aide. Other than Whom there is no true God.(120) 56. And I (Allah) created not the jinns and humans except they should worship Me (Alone).  (Surah Az-Zariyat;56) 79. It is not (possible) for any human being to whom Allah has given the Book and Al-Hukma (the knowledge and understanding of the laws of religion, etc.) and Prophethood to say to the people; “Be my worshippers rather than Allah’s.” On the contrary (he would say); “Be you Rabbaniyun (learned men of religion who practise what they know and also preach others), because you are teaching the Book, and you are studying it.” (Surah Ale-Imran;79) The Messiah, son of Mary was only a Messenger like the rest of the Messengers who passed away before him, and his mother was a truthful woman. Both, she and her son used to eat food like the rest of human beings. Now look how do We explain to them Our signs, and look how they turn away from the truth!

Did Nuh’s son join the Ark? ‘No. Nuh called him to believe in Allah (SWT), but disobeyed, and he said that he would be saved by going on top of a mountain. But the waves overwhelmed Nuh’s son. And Nuh (Nuh) called upon his Lord and said, “O my Lord! Verily, my son is of my family! And certainly, Your Promise is true, and You are the Most Just of the judges.” He said; “O Nuh (Nuh)! Surely, he is not of your family; verily, his work is unrighteous, so ask not of Me that of which you have no knowledge! I admonish you, lest you be one of the ignorants.” (Surah Hud;45-46).

Did the call of the Messengers correspond with one another regarding the orders and prohibitions they conveyed? Yes, their call corresponded to each other, and their call was one and the same from the first among them till the last. They all invited men to the principle and essense of worship that is Tauhid (Monotheism or the Oneness of Allah the Almighty, which means, “none has the right to be worshipped except Allah the Almighty).” As for the religious rituals or duties, Prayers and Fasting for example might be ordained on some of them, while not on the others. Moreover, something might be made illegal for some of them while it is legal for the others by way of test and trial from Allah the Almighty; “That He might try you, which of you is the best in deeds}. (Surah Hud;7)

Did you think that Allah (SWT) created you only for play and without any purpose? “What is the life of this world but amusement and play? But indeed the home of the Hereafter is the true Life, if only they knew.”(Surah Al-Ankabut;64) Know that the life of this world is only play and amusement, pomp and mutual boasting among you, and rivalry in respect of wealth and children, as the likeness of vegetation after rain, thereof the growth is pleasing to the tiller; afterwards it dries up and you see it turning yellow; then it becomes straw. But in the Hereafter (there is) a severe torment (for the disbelievers, evil-doers), and (there is) Forgiveness from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure (for the believers, good-doers), whereas the life of this world is only a deceiving enjoyment. (Surah al-Hadid;20) And the life of this world is nothing but play and amusement. But far better is the house in the Hereafter for those who are Al-Muttaqun (the pious ). Will you not then understand? (Surah Al-Anam;  32) . The life of this world is but play and pastime, but if you believe (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism), and fear Allah, and avoid evil, He will grant you your wages, and will not ask you your wealth. (Surah Muhammad;36). And this life of the world is only amusement and play! Verily, the home of the Hereafter, that is the life indeed (i.e. the eternal life that will never end), if they but knew (Surah al-Ankabut; 64). And We created not the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, for mere play, (Surah Ad-Dukhan; 38).  “Did you think that We had created you in play (without any purpose), and that you would not be brought back to Us?” (Surah Ale-Imran;115).

Distribution of war-booty in the Qur’an. 41. And know that whatever of war-booty that you may gain, verily one-fifth (1/5th) of it is assigned to Allah, and to the Messenger, and to the near relatives [of the Messenger (Muhammad )], (and also) the orphans, Al-Masakin (the poor) and the wayfarer, if you have believed in Allah and in that which We sent down to Our slave (Muhammad ) on the Day of criterion (between right and wrong), the Day when the two forces met (the battle of Badr) – And Allah is Able to do all things.  (Surah Al-Anfal;41)

Do charity wasted by reproach and injury? The Qur’an presents a contrasting picture of two categories of people in the following parable; ″O you who believe! Do not render in vain your Sadaqah (charity) by reminders of your generosity or by injury, like him who spends his wealth to be seen of men, and he does not believe in Allah, nor in the Last Day. His likeness is the likeness of a smooth rock on which is a little dust; on it falls heavy rain which leaves it bare. They are not able to do anything with what they have earned. And Allah does not guide the disbelieving people. 265. And the likeness of those who spend their wealth seeking Allah’s Pleasure while they in their own selves are sure and certain that Allah will reward them (for their spending in His Cause), is the likeness of a garden on a height; heavy rain falls on it and it doubles its yield of harvest. And if it does not receive heavy rain, light rain suffices it. And Allah is All-Seer of (knows well) what you do″. (Surah Al-Baqarah;264-265) Although, apparently both groups of men did a noble deed of charity, the former spoiled with ostentation and did not gain except temporary worldly gain and laudation. While the later seeking pleasure of Allah (SWT) and inner certainty, will have its manifold reward from Allah (SWT). Thoughts and actions are interrelated. The significance of intention is obvious, as it determines the nature, worth and acceptability or not of an action. Pure intention can produce good and pure deed. However, it should not be imagined that even the evil deeds that are done with good intention become virtuous and rewarding. An evil and unlawful deed will remain abominable good intention cannot change its character.

Do Muslims accept Jesus as the Son of God? Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an; ” O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Do not exceed the limits in your religion, nor say of Allah aught but the truth. The Messiah ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), was (no more than) a Messenger of Allah and His Word, (“Be!” – and he was) which He bestowed on Maryam (Mary) and a spirit (Ruh) created by Him; so believe in Allah and His Messengers. Say not; “Three (trinity)!” Cease! (it is) better for you. For Allah is (the only) One Ilah (God), Glory be to Him (Far Exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And Allah is All-Sufficient as a Disposer of affairs. (Surah an-Nisaa;171) Allah tells us in the Holy Qur’an; ” And they say; “The Most Beneficent (Allah) has begotten a son (or offspring or children) [as the Jews say; ‘Uzair (Ezra) is the son of Allah, and the Christians say that He has begotten a son [‘Iesa (Christ)], and the pagan Arabs say that He has begotten daughters (angels, etc.)].” Indeed you have brought forth (said) a terrible evil thing. Whereby the heavens are almost torn, and the earth is split asunder, and the mountains fall in ruins, That they ascribe a son (or offspring or children) to the Most Beneficent (Allah). But it is not suitable for (the Majesty of) the Most Beneficent (Allah) that He should beget a son (or offspring or children).” (Surah Maryam;88-92).

Do Muslims accept other prophets’ books which were revealed by God to them? “Say (O Muhammad (PBUH); “We believe in Allah and in what has been sent down to us, and what was sent down to Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma’il (Ishmael), Ishaque (Isaac), Ya’qub (Jacob) and Al-Asbat [the twelve sons of Ya’qub (Jacob)] and what was given to Musa (Moses), ‘Isa (Jesus) and the Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between one another among them and to Him (Allah) we have submitted (in Islam).” (Surah Ale-Imran;84).

Do Muslims accept the “Trinity” of God? No! According to the Athanasius Creed; “The Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Ghost is God, and yet there are not three Gods but one God.” In this Holy Trinity; “The three Persons are co-equal and co-eternal; all alike are uncreated and omnipotent.” (The Catholic Encyclopedia) Thus the Trinity is considered to be; (One God in three Persons.” There is only one verse in the whole of Holy Scripture called the Bible which unequivocally supports this Christian dogma, and that is; “For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost; and these three are one.” The first Epistle of John 5;7 Dr C.I, Scofield, D.D. backed by eight other D.D.’s in a footnote to this verse opine; “IT IS GENERALLY AGREED THAT THIS VERSE HAS NO MANUSCRIPT AUTHORITY AND HAS BEEN INSERTED.”The fundamentalist Christians still retain this fabrication whereas, in all the modern translations including the Revised Standard Version (RSV) this pious fraud has been unceremoniously expunged, thus confirming this Qur’ânic refutation; Allah says; “Were there to be gods other than Allah, both the heavens and the earth would have gone into chaos (Surah Al-Anbiyaa;21) 76. Say (O Muhammad  to mankind); “How do you worship besides Allah something which has no power either to harm or to benefit you? But it is Allah Who is the All-Hearer, All-Knower.” 72 Most certainly they committed blasphemy, who said, “Allah, He is indeed the Messiah, Mary’s son”; whereas the Messiah had said, “O children of Israel, `worship Allah alone, Who is my Lord and your Lord as well” Whoever joins a partner with Allah, Allah shall forbid him the Garden, and Hell shall be his abode; and such workers of iniquity shall have no helpers. (Surah Al-Maidah;72). 77. Say (O Muhammad ); “O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Exceed not the limits in your religion (by believing in something) other than the truth, and do not follow the vain desires of people who went astray in times gone by, and who misled many, and strayed (themselves) from the Right Path.” (Surah Al-Maidah;77). The Qur’an says;  “Say; ‘O people of the Book (Christians and Jews)! Come to common terms as between us and you; That we worship none but Allah (God). That we associate no partners with Him; That we erect not, from among ourselves, lords and patrons other than Allah. If then they turn back, say; Bear witness that we (at least) are Muslims bowing to Allah’s Will),” (Surah Ale-Imran;64).

Do Muslims believe in the holy Bible? Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an; “It is He Who has sent down the Book (the Qur’an) to you (Muhammad (PBUH) with truth, confirming what came before it. And he sent down the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel). Aforetime, as a guidance to mankind, And He sent down the criterion [of judgement between right and wrong (this Qur’an)]. Truly, those who disbelieve in the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, for them there is a severe torment; and Allah is All-Mighty, All-Able of Retribution. (Surah Ale-Imran;3-4) “And this is in the Books of the earliest (Revelations), The Books ( Suhufi ) of Abraham and Moses.” (Surah al-A’la;18-19) With these verses, it is clear that the Muslims are to accept the Holy Scriptures that came before the Holy Qur’an, which includes the Holy Bible. However, we know that the Scriptures that are contained in the Bible are not complete. The scholars of the Bible tell us that the Bible has been tampered with. It has been interpretated, interpolated, and revised, and much of what is now contained in it are not the actual Revelations from Almighty God..

Do Muslims believe in the Virgin birth of Jesus? Yes, Jesus was born of a virgin = He said; “Nay, I am only a messenger from thy Lord, (to announce) to thee the gift of a holy son. 20 She said; “How shall I have a son, seeing that no man has touched me, and I am not unchaste?” 21 He said; “So (it will be); Thy Lord saith, ‘that is easy for Me; and (We wish) to appoint him as a Sign unto men and a Mercy from Us’; It is a matter (so) decreed.”  (Surah Maryam;19-21) And (remember) her who guarded her chastity; We breathed into her of Our spirit, and We made her and her son a sign for all peoples. (Surah Al-Anbiyah;91) “(Remember) when the angels said; “O Maryam (Mary)! Verily, Allah  gives you the glad tidings of a Word [“Be!” – and he was! i.e. ‘Iesa (Jesus) the son of Maryam (Mary)] from Him, his name will be the Messiah ‘Iesa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), held in honour in this world and in the Hereafter, and will be one of those who are near to Allah. “He will speak to the people in the cradle and in manhood, and he will be one of the righteous.” She said; “O my Lord! How shall I have a son when no man has touched me.” He said; “So (it will be) for Allah creates what He wills. When He has decreed something, He says to it only; “Be!” and it is. And He (Allah ) will teach him [‘Iesa (Jesus)] the Book and Al-Hikmah (i.e. the Sunnah, the faultless speech of the Prophets, wisdom, etc.), (and) the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel). (Surah Ale-Imran;45-48)   Verily, the likeness of ‘Iesa (Jesus) before Allah is the likeness of Adam. He created him from dust, then (He) said to him; “Be!” – and he was. (Surah Ale- Imran;59) snv

Do Muslims hate Christians and Jews? No! Allah (SWT) says; Verily! Those who believe and those who are Jews and Christians, and Sabians, whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and do righteous good deeds shall have their reward with their Lord, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve . (Surah Al-Baqarah;62) This verse lets us know that Jews, Christians, and Sabians (an ancient religious sect), who believe in Almighty God and do good works, will have their reward with their Lord..

Do not approach unlawful sexual intercourse →  And come not near to the unlawful sexual intercourse. Verily, it is a Fahishah [i.e. anything that transgresses its limits (a great sin)], and an evil way (that leads one to Hell unless Allah  forgives him). (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel; 32).

Do not be arrogant →Allah (SWT) said; “(O Iblis) get down from this (Paradise), it is not for you to be arrogant here. Get out, for you are of those humiliated and disgraced.” (Surah al-Araf;13).

Do not be despair of the mercy of Allah (SWT) Say: “O ‘Ibadi (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah, verily Allah  forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah Az-Zumar;53).

Do not be envious→ “Or do they envy people for what Allah has given them of His bounty? But we had already given the family of Abraham the Scripture and wisdom and conferred upon them a great kingdom.”  (Surah An-Nisaa;54)

Do not be miserly → Those who are miserly and enjoin miserliness on other men and hide what Allah  has bestowed upon them of His Bounties. And We have prepared for the disbelievers a disgraceful torment. (Surah an-Nisaa;37)

Do not burden a person beyond his scope →Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope. He gets reward for that (good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earned. “Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error, our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us (Jews and Christians); our Lord! Put not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Pardon us and grant us Forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Maula (Patron, Suppor-ter and Protector, etc.) and give us victory over the disbelieving people.”(Surah Al-Baqarah;286).

Do not commit abuse on the earth → And (remember) when Musa (Moses) asked for water for his people, We said; “Strike the stone with your stick.” Then gushed forth therefrom twelve springs. Each (group of) people knew its own place for water. “Eat and drink of that which Allah  has provided and do not act corruptly, making mischief on the earth.” (Surah Al-Baqarah;60).

Do not consume one another’s wealth unjustly → O you who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves unjustly except it be a trade amongst you, by mutual consent. And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allah is Most Merciful to you. (Surah an-Nisaa;29).

Do not enter others’ house without seeking permission → O you who believe! Enter not houses other than your own, until you have asked permission and greeted those in them, that is better for you, in order that you enter may remember. (Surah an-Nur;27).

Do not enter parents’ private room without asking permission  → O you who believe! Let your legal slaves and slave-girls, and those among you who have not come to the age of puberty ask your permission (before they come to your presence) on three occasions; before Fajr (morning) prayer, and while you put off your clothes for the noonday (rest), and after the ‘Isha'(late-night) prayer. (These) three times are of privacy for you, other than these times there is no sin on you or on them to move about, attending (helping) you each other. Thus Allah makes clear the Ayat (the Verses of this Qur’an, showing proofs for the legal aspects of permission for visits, etc.) to you. And Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (Surah an-Nur; 58).

Do not follow anyone blindly → When it is said to them; “Follow what Allah  has sent down.” They say; “Nay! We shall follow what we found our fathers following.” (Would they do that!) Even though their fathers did not understand anything nor were they guided? (Surah Al-Baqarah;170).

Do not have sexual intercourse during menstrual period → They ask you concerning menstruation. Say; that is an Adha (a harmful thing for a husband to have a sexual intercourse with his wife while she is having her menses), therefore keep away from women during menses and go not unto them till they have purified (from menses and have taken a bath). And when they have purified themselves, then go in unto them as Allah has ordained for you (go in unto them in any manner as long as it is in their vagina). Truly, Allah  loves those who turn unto Him in repentance and loves those who purify themselves (by taking a bath and cleaning and washing thoroughly their private parts, bodies, for their prayers, etc.). (Surah Al-Baqarah;222).

Do not insult others’deities →  And insult not those whom they (disbelievers) worship besides Allah, lest they insult Allah wrongfully without knowledge. Thus We have made fair-seeming to each people its own doings; then to their Lord is their return and He shall then inform them of all that they used to do. (Surah Al-Anam;108).

Do not mix the truth with falsehood→And mix not truth with falsehood, nor conceal the truth [i.e. Muhammad (PBUH)  Peace be upon him is Allah’s Messenger and his qualities are written in your Scriptures, the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] while you know (the truth)  (Surah Al-Baqarah;42).

Do not neglect your portion of this world →But seek, with that (wealth) which Allah  has bestowed on you, the home of the Hereafter, and forget not your portion of legal enjoyment in this world, and do good as Allah  has been good to you, and seek not mischief in the land. Verily, Allah  likes not the Mufsidun (those who commit great crimes and sins, oppressors, tyrants, mischief-makers, corrupts). (Surah al-Qasas;77).

Do not prevent people from mosques →And who is more unjust than those who forbid that Allah’s Name be glorified and mentioned much (i.e. prayers and invocations, etc.) in Allah’s Mosques and strive for their ruin? It was not fitting that such should themselves enter them (Allah’s Mosques) except in fear. For them there is disgrace in this world, and they will have a great torment in the Hereafter. (Surah Al-Baqarah;114).

Do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge or any thing unintelligently →And follow not (O man i.e., say not, or do not or witness not, etc.) that of which you have no knowledge (e.g. one’s saying; “I have seen,” while in fact he has not seen, or “I have heard,” while he has not heard). Verily! The hearing, and the sight, and the heart, of each of those you will be questioned (by Allah). (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel;36).

Do not repel one who asks → if Allah  made you rich (self sufficient with self contentment, etc.) Therefore, treat not the orphan with oppression, And repulse not the beggar; (Surah Ad-Duha;9-10).

Do not turn back in battle → O you who believe! When you meet those who disbelieve, in a battle-field, never turn your backs to them. (Surah Al-Anfal;15).

Do the ants speak in their language?  And there were gathered before Sulaiman (Solomon) his hosts of jinns and men, and birds, and they all were set in battle order (marching forwards). Till, when they came to the valley of the ants, one of the ants said; “O ants! Enter your dwellings, lest Sulaiman (Solomon) and his hosts crush you, while they perceive not.” So he [Sulaiman (Solomon)] smiled, amused at her speech and said; “My Lord! Inspire and bestow upon me the power and ability that I may be grateful for Your Favours which You have bestowed on me and on my parents, and that I may do righteous good deeds that will please You, and admit me by Your Mercy among Your righteous slaves.” (Surah An-Naml;7-19).

Do the Muslims believe in the concept of original sin? The Christina dogma that sin is inherited is against all ethics, morality and common sense. It is against the explicit pronouncement of God; “The soul that sinneth, it shall die. The son (the progeny of Adam) shall not bear the iniquity of the father (Adam), neither shall the father bear the iniquity of the son; the righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon him. But if the wicked will turn from all his sins that he hath committed, and keep all my statutes, and do that which is lawful and right, he shall surely live, he shall not die.” Ezekiel 18;20-21. How could a just and loving God make an innocent child responsible for, or at least bear the guilt for the sins of a distant ancestor? (Steve A. Johnson) (b) No heathen tribe has conceived so grotesque an idea, involving as it does the assumption, that man was born with a hereditary stain upon him, and this stain for which he was not personally responsible was to be atoned for, and that the creator of all things had to sacrifice His only begotten son to neutralize this mysterious curse. (Major Yeats Brown) That Jesus (pbuh) himself regarded children as innocent and pure, and NOT BORN IN SIN, is clear from his reported saying; “Suffer the little children to come unto me, and forbid them not, for such is the kingdom of God . . .” Mark 10;14. Islam rejects the Christian concept of original sin and the notion that all humans are born sinners due to the actions of Adam. In Islam the notion of original sin is regarded as inconsistent with the justice of Allah.  It is at this point that the Jewish and Christian traditions differ greatly from Islam. At no point do the words of God – the Qur’an, or the traditions and sayings of Prophet Muhammad – indicate that Satan came to Adam and Eve in the form of a snake or serpent. Islam in no way indicates that Eve was the weaker of the two, or that she tempted Adam to disobey God. Eating the fruit of the tree was a mistake committed by both Adam and Eve. They bear equal responsibility. It was not the original sin spoken about in Christian traditions. The descendents of Adam are not being punished for the sins of their original parents. It was a mistake, and God, in His infinite Wisdom and Mercy, forgave them both. Islam rejects the Christian concept of original sin and the notion that all humans are born sinners due to the actions of Adam. Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an; “And no bearer of burdens shall bear another’s burden, and if one heavily laden calls another to (bear) his load, nothing of it will be lifted even though he be near of kin.” (Surah Al-Fatir or Surah Al-Mala’ikah;18) Every human being is responsible for his or her actions and is born pure and free from sin. Adam and Eve committed a mistake, they repented sincerely and God in His infinite wisdom forgave them. “Then they both ate of that tree, and so their private parts appeared to them, and they began to stick on themselves the leaves from Paradise for their covering. Thus did Adam disobey his Lord, so he went astray. Then his Lord chose him, and turned to him with forgiveness and gave him guidance.” (Surah Ta-Ha; 121-122). Mankind has a long history of committing mistakes and forgetting. Even so, how was it possible for Adam to have committed such a mistake? The reality was that Adam did not have any experience with the whisperings and ploys of Satan. Adam had seen the arrogance of Satan when he refused to follow the commands of God; he knew that Satan was his enemy but had no familiarity with how to resist Satan’s tricks and schemes. God said;”So he (Satan) misled them with deception.” God said; “22. So he misled them with deception. Then when they tasted of the tree, that which was hidden from them of their shame (private parts) became manifest to them and they began to stick together the leaves of Paradise over themselves (in order to cover their shame). And their Lord called out to them (saying); “Did I not forbid you that tree and tell you; Verily, Shaitan (Satan) is an open enemy unto you?” (Surah Al-A’raf;22) God tested Adam so that he could learn and gain experience. In this way God prepared Adam for his role on earth as a caretaker and a Prophet of God. From this experience, Adam learned the great lesson that Satan is cunning, ungrateful and the avowed enemy of mankind. Adam, Eve and their descendants learned that Satan caused their expulsion from heaven. Islam disapproves the dogma of the ‘original sin’, because it is a later innovation and does not find any sanction in the original teachings of Jesus. ‘That no bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another. And that mankind shall have only what he has striven for. And that his striving shall soon be seen. Then he will be recompenses for it with the fullest recompense. (Surah An-Najm;38-4l).  Obedience to God and enmity towards Satan is the only path back to Heaven. God said to Adam; “Get you down (upon the earth), all of you together, from Paradise, some of you are an enemy to some others. Then, if there comes to you guidance from Me, whoever follows My Guidance shall neithergo astray, nor fall into distress and misery.” (Surah Ta-Ha;123). The Qur’an tells us that Adam subsequently received from his Lord some words; a supplication to pray, which invoked God’s forgiveness. This supplication is very beautiful and can be used when asking for God’s pardon of your sins. “Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If you forgive us not and bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers.”(Surah Al-A’raf;23).  Mankind continues to commit mistakes and wrong doing, and through them we only harm ourselves. Our sins and mistakes have not harmed, nor will it harm God. If God does not forgive us and have mercy on us, it is we who will surely be among the losers. We need God! “On earth will be a dwelling place for you and an enjoyment, for atime.’ He said; ‘Therein you shall live and therein you shall die, andfrom it you shall be brought out (resurrected).” (Surah Al-A’raf;24-25).  Adam and Eve left heaven and descended upon earth. Their descent was not one of degradation; rather it was dignified. In the English language we are familiar with things either singular or plural; this is not the case for Arabic. In the Arabic language there is singular, then an extra grammatical number category denoting two. Plural isused for three and more. When God said; “Get you down, all of you” He used the word for plural indicating that he was not speaking to Adam and Eve alone but that He was referring to Adam, his wife and his descendants – mankind. We, the descendants of Adam, do not belong to this earth; we are here for a temporary time, as is indicated by the words; “for a time.” We belong to the hereafter and are destined to take our place in either Heaven or Hell..

Do the slaves have any kind of will or ability over their acts? Yes, they have ability and will over their acts. Their acts are actually attributed to them. They are charged therewith, rewarded and punished with accordance thereto, and Allah charged only with what they can afford. He affirmed this in His Glorious Qur’an and the Prophetic Sunnah. But, they show ability only for what He enabled them, they show will only for what He willed, they can do only what He makes them doers thereto. Just as they could not create themselves, they can not create their acts. Thus, their ability, will, and acts follow His Ability, Will and Acts, as He is their Creator and the Creator of their ability, will, and acts. Moreover, their ability, will, and acts are not the same as Allah’s Ability, Will, and Act, just as they are not Him Himself. Allah the Almighty is far above this! But, their created acts suit them and are actually attributed to them. Allah is the real Doer, and the slave is the real influenced (creature), Allah is the real Guide, and the slave is the real guided (creature), thus, He attributed each of the two acts to each doer. He says; He whom Allah . guides, he is the rightly guided. (Surah Al-Kahf;17) By attributing guidance to Allah and receiving guidance to the slave. As the guidance-giver is unlike the guidance receiver, the guidance is unlike receiving guidance. By the same token, Allah the Almighty misleads whomsoever He wills, and that slave is seen as a real astray. This is the same of Allah’s Acting regarding His slaves. So, he who attributes the act and the influence to the slave, he becomes a disbeliever; and he who attributes both to Allah, he becomes a disbeliever; and he who attributes the act to the Creator and the influence to the creature, he is the true believer.

Do we find any Meteorological reference in the Qur’an? God has said in the Qur’an; “See you not that Allah drives the clouds gently, then joins them together, then makes them into a heap of layers, and you see the rain comes forth from between them. And He sends down from the sky hail (like) mountains, (or there are in the heaven mountains of hail from where He sends down hail), and strike therewith whom He will, and averts it from whom He wills. The vivid flash of its (clouds) lightning nearly blinds the sight. (Surah an-Nur;43). Meteorologists have only recently come to know these details of cloud formation, structure, and function by using advanced equipment like planes, satellites, computers, balloons, and other equipment, to study wind and its direction, to measure humidity and its variations, and to determine the levels and variations of atmospheric pressure. The preceding verse, after mentioning clouds and rain, speaks about hail and lightning; This verse may raise a question.  Why does the verse say “its lightning” in a reference to the hail?  Does this mean that hail is the major factor in producing lightning?  Let us see what the book entitled Meteorology Today says about this.  It says that a cloud becomes electrified as hail falls through a region in the cloud of super cooled droplets and ice crystals.  As liquid droplets collide with a hailstone, they freeze on contact and release latent heat.  This keeps the surface of the hailstone warmer than that of the surrounding ice crystals.  When the hailstone comes in contact with an ice crystal, an important phenomenon occurs; electrons flow from the colder object toward the warmer object.  Hence, the hailstone becomes negatively charged.  The same effect occurs when super cooled droplets come in contact with a hailstone and tiny splinters of positively charged ice break off.  These lighter positively charged particles are then carried to the upper part of the cloud by updrafts.  The hail, left with a negative charge, falls towards the bottom of the cloud, thus the lower part of the cloud becomes negatively charged.  These negative charges are then discharged as lightning. We conclude from this that hail is the major factor in producing lightning..

Do we find any notion about the nature and the movement of celestial formation in the Qur’an? In the Qur’an, we find notions about nature and the movement of celestial formations. For example, the sun and moon, which were previously defined in the Bible as ‘luminaries’, are distinguished by the use of different epithets; light (nur) for the moon, torch (siraj) for the sun. Allah (SWT) says; “And made the moon a light in their midst and made the sun as a glorious lamp.” (Surah Nuh;16). To day we know that the celestial organization is balanced by the position of the stars in defined orbits and the interplay of gravitational forces related to their mass and speed of movement, each within its own specifically defined orbit and their own self motion, as the foundations of this balance, are precisely what the Qur’an describes in the Qur’an “ And He it is Who has created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon, each in an orbit floating.  (Surah al-Anbiya;33).

Do we have to believe in all the messengers? ”  “The Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH) believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers. Each one believes in Allah, His Angels, His Books, and His Messengers. They say, “We make no distinction between one another of His Messengers” – and they say, “We hear, and we obey. (We seek) Your Forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the return (of all).” (Surah Al-Baqarah;285).

Do you think that the Qur’an is a miracle and a literary challenge to the human beings? Yes, the Qur’an is a miracle and it has been challenging people for about 1435 years. It is a fact that no precedence of such kind of literature has appeared till now, nor will come in the future. The contents of the Qur’an are quite beyond human ability to compose the like of it. It is for this reason that Allah (SWT) challenges both men and jinns to produce the like of it. Allah (SWT) says; ” Say; “If the mankind and the Jinns were together to produce the like of this Qur’an, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they helped one another.” (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel;88)  Other verses where Allah (SWT) challenges man on the same issue can be referred to in the Qur’an.  And if you (Arab pagans, Jews, and Christians) are in doubt concerning that which We have sent down (i.e. the Qur’an) to Our slave (Muhammad (PBUH), then produce a Surah (chapter) of the like thereof and call your witnesses (supporters and helpers) besides Allah, if you are truthful.  (Surah Al-Baqarah;23), Or they say, “He (Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) forged it (the Qur’an).” Say; “Bring you then ten forged Surah (chapters) like unto it, and call whomsoever you can, other than Allah  (to your help), if you speak the truth!”  And Or do they say; “He (Muhammad (PBUH) has forged it (this Qur’an)?” Nay! They believe not!  Let them then produce a recital like unto it (the Qur’an) if they are truthful. (Surah At-Tur;33-34). . Or do they say, ‘He forged it?’ Say, bring then a Surah like unto it and call to your aid anyone you can, beside God, if it be ye speak the truth.” (Surah Yunus;37) Non-Muslim writers have tried to establish that the author of the Qur’an is Prophet Muhammad, who was illiterate; but the  Qur’an proclaims that it is the Word of God and God alone.  It is held to be a true revelation and a miracle in itself, as besides being a spiritual truth it is expressed in such a noble language that it has no parallel. If it is not believed to’ be the Word of God, then the disbelievers are challenged to produce one Surah  of its like and to get the aid of’ whomsoever they want. The Qur’an is not such as can be produced by other than God; on the contrary it is a confirmation of revelations that went before it and a fuller explanation of the Book-wherein there is no doubt – from the Lord of the worlds

Do you think that these books were revealed for all humanity or these were limited to a particular community or locality? Indeed We have sent Our Messengers with clear proofs, and revealed with them the Scripture and the Balance (justice) that mankind may keep up justice. And We brought forth iron wherein is mighty power (in matters of war), as well as many benefits for mankind, that Allah may test who it is that will help Him (His religion), and His Messengers in the unseen. Verily, Allah is All-Strong, All-Mighty. (Surah Al-Hadid;25).  Nowhere it has been mentioned that these books were for all human beings and that they are for times. That is why it was for a particular locality and for a particular community. Generally these books have interacted only With Bani Israil (sons of Israil) But it is a fact that some prophets also interacted with nearby Communities and localities, such as Moosa (peace and blessings of Allah (SWT) be to him) interacted with the Qibti community. After all with all these realities all messengers gave the sign of the Last Messenger. Every Semitic religious community was waiting for this particular messenger..

Does Aaron share in their guilt of worship the golden calf? No, And Harun (Aaron) indeed had said to them beforehand; “O my people! You are being tried in this, and verily, your Lord is (Allah (SWT) the Most Beneficent, so follow me and obey my order.” (Surah Ta-Ha;90).

Does Allah (SWT)  addressed Muhammad (PBUH)  in the Qur’an? Muhammad  is no more than a Messenger, and indeed (many) Messengers have passed away before him. If he dies or is killed, will you then turn back on your heels (as disbelievers)? And he who turns back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah, and Allah will give reward to those who are grateful. (Surah Ale-Imran;144). 79. Whatever of good reaches you, is from Allah, but whatever of evil befalls you, is from yourself. And We have sent you (O Muhammad ) as a Messenger to mankind, and Allah is Sufficient as a Witness. 80. He who obeys the Messenger (Muhammad ), has indeed obeyed Allah, but he who turns away, then we have not sent you (O Muhammad ) as a watcher over them. (Surah An-Nisaa’;79-80). 272. Not upon you (Muhammad ) is their guidance, but Allah guides whom He wills. And whatever you spend in good, it is for yourselves, when you spend not except seeking Allah’s Countenance. And whatever you spend in good, it will be repaid to you in full, and you shall not be wronged. (Surah Al-Baqarah;272). 33. We know indeed the grief which their words cause you (O Muhammad ); it is not you that they deny, but it is the Verses (the Qur’an) of Allah that theZalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers) deny.34. Verily, (many) Messengers were denied before you (O Muhammad ), but with patience they bore the denial, and they were hurt, till Our Help reached them, and none can alter the Words (Decisions) of Allah. Surely there has reached you the information (news) about the Messengers (before you).35. If their aversion (from you, O Muhammad  and from that with which you have been sent) is hard on you, (and you cannot be patient from their harm to you), then if you were able to seek a tunnel in the ground or a ladder to the sky, so that you may bring them a sign (and you cannot do it, so be patient). And had Allah willed, He could have gathered them together (all) unto true guidance, so be not you one of those who are Al-Jahilun (the ignorant). (Surah Al-An’am;33-35). 85. Verily, He Who has given you (O Muhammad ) the Qur’an (i.e. ordered you to act on its laws and to preach it to others) will surely bring you back to the Ma’ad (place of return, either to Makkah or to Paradise after your death, etc.). Say (O Muhammad ); “My Lord is Aware of him who brings guidance, and he who is in manifest error.”86. And you were not expecting that the Book (this Qur’an) would be sent down to you, but it is a mercy from your Lord. So never be a supporter of the disbelievers. (Surah Al-Qasas; 85-86). 37. And (remember) when you said to him (Zaid bin Harithah; the freed-slave of the Prophet ) on whom Allah has bestowed Grace (by guiding him to Islam) and you (O Muhammad  too) have done favour (by manumitting him) “Keep your wife to yourself, and fear Allah.” But you did hide in yourself (i.e. what Allah has already made known to you that He will give her to you in marriage) that which Allah will make manifest, you did fear the people (i.e., Muhammad  married the divorced wife of his manumitted slave) whereas Allah had a better right that you should fear Him. So when Zaid had accomplished his desire from her (i.e. divorced her), We gave her to you in marriage, so that (in future) there may be no difficulty to the believers in respect of (the marriage of) the wives of their adopted sons when the latter have no desire to keep them (i.e. they have divorced them). And Allah’s Command must be fulfilled. 38. There is no blame on the Prophet (PBUH) in that which Allah has made legal for him.That has been Allah’s Way with those who have passed away of (the Prophets of) old. And the Command of Allah is a decree determined.39. Those who convey the Message of Allah and fear Him, and fear none save Allah. And Sufficient is Allah as a Reckoner.40. Muhammad (PBUH) is not the father of any man among you, but he is the Messenger of Allah and the last (end) of the Prophets. And Allah is Ever All-Aware of everything. (Surah Al-Ahzab;37-40). 2. (This is the) Book (the Qur’an) sent down unto you (O Muhammad ), so let not your breast be narrow therefrom, that you warn thereby, and a reminder unto the believers. (Surah Al-A’raf;2). 50. Say (O Muhammad ); “I don’t tell you that with me are the treasures of Allah, nor (that) I know the unseen; nor I tell you that I am an angel. I but follow what is revealed to me by inspiration.” Say; “Are the blind and the one who sees equal? will you not then take thought?” (Surah Al-An’am;50) 45. O Prophet (Muhammad SAW )! Verily, We have sent you as witness, and a bearer of glad tidings, and a warner, 46. And as one who invites to Allah [Islamic Monotheism, i.e. to worship none but Allah (Alone)] by His Leave, and as a lamp spreading light (through your instructions from the Qur’an and the Sunnah the legal ways of the Prophet  ). 47. And announce to the believers (in the Oneness of Allah and in His Messenger Muhammad ) the glad tidings, that they will have from Allah a Great Bounty. 48. And obey not the disbelievers and the hypocrites, and harm them not (till you are ordered). And put your trust in Allah, and Sufficient is Allah as a Wakil(Trustee, or Disposer of affairs). (Surah Al-Ahzab;45-48) 51. . It is not given to any human being that Allah should speak to him unless (it be) by Inspiration, or from behind a veil, or (that) He sends a Messenger to reveal what He wills by His Leave. Verily, He is Most High, Most Wise. 52. And thus We have sent to you (O Muhammad ) Ruhan (an Inspiration, and a Mercy) of Our Command. You knew not what is the Book, nor what is Faith? But We have made it (this Qur’an) a light wherewith We guide whosoever of Our slaves We will. And verily, you (O Muhammad ) are indeed guiding (mankind) to the Straight Path (i.e. Allah’s religion of Islamic Monotheism). (Surah Ash-Shurah;51-52). 1. By the star when it goes down, (or vanishes). 2. Your companion (Muhammad ) has neither gone astray nor has erred. 3. Nor does he speak of (his own) desire. 4. It is only an Inspiration that is inspired. 5. He has been taught (this Qur’an) by one mighty in power [Jibrael (Gabriel)]. 6. Dhu Mirrah (free from any defect in body and mind), Fastawa [then he (Jibrael – Gabriel) rose and became stable]. 7. While he [Jibrael (Gabriel)] was in the highest part of the horizon,8. Then he [Jibrael (Gabriel)] approached and came closer, 9. And was at a distance of two bows’ length or (even) nearer,10. So did (Allah) convey the Inspiration to His slave [Muhammad  through Jibrael (Gabriel)].11. The (Prophet’s) heart lied not (in seeing) what he (Muhammad ) saw. 12. Will you then dispute with him (Muhammad ) about what he saw [during the Mi’raj; (Ascent of the Prophet  over the seven heavens)] .13. And indeed he (Muhammad ) saw him [Jibrael (Gabriel)] at a second descent (i.e. another time).14. Near Sidrat-ul-Muntaha [lote-tree of the utmost boundary (beyond which none can pass)],15. Near it is the Paradise of Abode.16. When that covered the lote-tree which did cover it!17. The sight (of Prophet Muhammad ) turned not aside (right or left), nor it transgressed beyond (the) limit (ordained for it).18. Indeed he (Muhammad ) did see, of the Greatest Signs, of his Lord (Allah). (Surah An-Najm;1-18).  2. You (O Muhammad ) are not, by the Grace of your Lord, a madman.3. And verily, for you (O Muhammad ) will be an endless reward.4. And verily, you (O Muhammad ) are on an exalted standard of character. (Surah Al-Qalam;2-4).

Does Allah (SWT) burdens a person beyond his scope? Allah  burdens not a person beyond his scope. He gets reward for that (good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earned. (Surah Al-Baqarah;286) Allah  puts no burden on any person beyond what He has given him. Allah  will grant after hardship, ease. (Surah At-Talaaq;7).

Does Allah (SWT) guard and save the Qur’an from corruption? Qur’an is not only Allah’s final word but Allah Himself has taken the pledge to safeguard it from any corruption. As a result, we see that Qur’an today is in the same form as it was revealed by Allah on Prophet Muhammad (S). All other revealed books except the Qur’an have been changed and distorted over time. The Qur’an is and will remain, intact in its original form till the Day of Judgment. Allah has sent down Qur’an to mankind and has guaranteed to preserve it, taking upon Himself the responsibility of preserving it till the last day. Allah says; “It is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Qur’an) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption).” (Surah Al-Hijr;9).

Does Allah (SWT) need our worship? Allah (SWT) is not in need of our worship, it is mankind who needs to worship Allah (SWT) – If no-one were to worship Allah (SWT), it would not take away from His glory in any way, and if all of mankind were to worship Him, it would not add to His glory. It is we who are in need of Allah (SWT); “And I (Allah) created not the jinns and humans except they should worship Me (Alone)… I seek not any provision from them (i.e. provision for themselves or for My creatures) nor do I ask that they should feed Me (i.e. feed themselves or My creatures). Verily, Allah is the All-Provider, Owner of Power, the Most Strong. (Surah Adh-Dhariyat;57-58) . “Behold! You are those who are called to spend in the Cause of Allah, yet among you are some who are niggardly. And whoever is niggardly, it is only at the expense of his ownself. But Allah is Rich (Free of all wants), and you (mankind) are poor. And if you turn away (from Islam and the obedience of Allah), He will exchange you for some other people, and they will not be your likes. (Surah Muhammad;38).

Does any supplication to Allah (SWT) require a human intermediary? No, a prayer does not require a human intermediary, as Allah (SWT) says; And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad (PBUH) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey me and believe in Me, so that they may be led a right. (Surah Al-Baqarah;186).

Does anyone have knowledge of the unseen? No, no one but Allah (SWT) Alone has knowledge of the unseen. Allah (SWT) says (referring to Himself); “And with Him are the keys of the Ghaib (all that is hidden), none knows them but He. And He knows whatever there is in (or on) the earth and in the sea; not a leaf falls, but he knows it. There is not a grain in the darkness of the earth nor anything fresh or dry, but is written in a Clear Record. ” (Surah Al-Anam;59) “(He Alone) the All-Knower of the Gha’ib (unseen), and He reveals to none His Gha’ib (unseen).”(Surah al-Jinn;26)  Say; “None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghaib (unseen) except Allah, nor can they perceive when they shall be resurrected.” (Surah An-Naml;65). Verily, Allah ! With Him (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour, He sends down the rain, and knows that which is in the wombs. No person knows what he will earn tomorrow, and no person knows in what land he will die. Verily, Allah is All-Knower, All-Aware (of things). (Surah Luqman;34).

Does anyone know when the Last Hour will be? The time set for-the Last Hour is one of the unseen affairs that no one save Allah the Almighty knows. He says; Verily Allah, with Him (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour, He sends down the rain, and knows that which is in the wombs. No person knows what he will earn tomorrow, and no person knows in what land he will die. Verily Allah is All-Knower, All-Aware (of things). (Surah Luqman;34) Allah (SWT) says; They ask you about the Hour (Day of Resurrection); “When will be its appointed time?” Say; “The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden.” They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say; “The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone), but most of mankind know not.”(Surah Al-A’raf;187) Allah (SWT) says; They ask you (0 Muhammad  about the Hour when will be its appointed time? You have no knowledge to say anything about it. To your Lord belongs (the knowledge of) the term thereof?. (Surah An-Nazi’at;42-44)

Does Injury by an ‘Evil Eye’ possess any reality? “And verily, those who disbelieve would almost make you slip with their eyes through hatredness when they hear the Reminder (the Qur’an), and they say; “Verily, he (Muhammad (PBUH) is a madman!” (Surah  al-Qalam;51).

Does Islam allow nackedness? 118. Verily, you have (a promise from Us) that you will never be hungry therein nor naked (Surah Ta-Ha;118). 26. O Children of Adam! We have bestowed raiment upon you to cover yourselves (screen your private parts, etc.) and as an adornment, and the raiment of righteousness, that is better. Such are among the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, that they may remember (i.e. leave falsehood and follow truth ). (Surah Al-A’raf;26) By referring to an important aspect of Adam and Eve’s story, the attention of the people of Arabia of those days was drawn to the evil influence of Satan upon their lives. Under Satan’s influence they had begun to see dress merely as a shield of protection against the inclemencies of the weather and as a means of adornment. The basic purpose of dress to cover the private parts of the body – had receded into the background. People had no inhibition about the immodest exposure of the private parts of their body in public. To publicly take a bath absolutely naked, to attend to the call of nature on thorough fares, were the order of the day. To crown it all, in the course of Pilgrimage they used to circumambulate around the Ka’bah in stark nakedness. 28. And when they commit a Fahisha (evil deed, going round the Ka’bah in naked state, every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, etc.), they say: “We found our fathers doing it, and Allah has commanded us of it.” Say: “Nay, Allah never commands of Fahisha. Do you say of Allah what you know not? (Surah Al-A’raf;28) ‘Allah never enjoins any, indecency’ (Surah Al-A’raf;29) Women even surpassed men in immodesty. In their view, the performance of religious rites in complete nudity was an act of religious merit. Immodesty, however, was not an exclusive characteristic of the people of Arabia. Many nations indulged in it in the past, and many nations continue to indulge in it even now. Hence the message embodied in these verses is not directed just to the people of Arabia. It is rather directed to all men. Mankind, which is the progeny of Adam, is warned against this particular aspect of Satanic influence on their lives. 121. Then they both ate of the tree, and so their private parts appeared to them, and they began to stick on themselves the leaves from Paradise for their covering. Thus did Adam disobey his Lord, so he went astray. (Surah Ta-Ha; 121) When men show indifference to God’s Guidance and turn away from the Message of the Prophets, they virtually place themselves at the mercy of Satan. For it is Satan who makes them abandon way’s that are consistent with true human nature and who leads them to immodesty in the same way he did with Adam and Eve. Were man to reflect on this, it would become quite evident that when he is deprived of the guidance of the Prophets, he cannot even appreciate, let alone fulfil, the primary requirements of his true nature. 27. O Children of Adam! Let not Shaitan (Satan) deceive you, as he got your parents [Adam and Hawwa (Eve)] out of Paradise, stripping them of their raiments, to show them their private parts. Verily, he and Qabiluhu (his soldiers from the jinns or his tribe) see you from where you cannot see them. Verily, We made the Shayatin (devils) Auliya’ (protectors and helpers) for those who believe not. (Surah Al-A’raf;27) The need to cover oneself is not an artificial urge in man; rather it is an important dictate of human nature. Unlike animals, God did not provide man with the protective covering that He provided to animals. God rather endowed man with the natural instincts of modesty and bashfulness. Moreover, the private parts of the body are not only, related to sex, but also constitute ‘sawat’ that is, something the exposure of which is felt to be shameful. Also, God did not provide man with a natural covering in response to man’s modesty and bashfulness, but has inspired in him the urge to cover himself. This is in order that man might use his reason to understand the requirements of his nature, use the resources made available by God, and provide himself a dress. Man instinctively knows that the moral purpose behind the use of dress takes precedence over the physical purpose. Hence the idea that man should resort to dress in order to cover his private parts precedes the mention of dress as a means of providing protection and adornment to the human body.. As men fell prey to Satanic influences, they developed a false and unhealthy notion about the function ofdress. The Qur’anic ideal can only be achieved by those who truly believe in the Prophets and sincerely try to follow God’s Guidance.

Does Islam allow wife beating? Some husbands are violent and they say that the Qur’an allows them to beat their wives? “According to the Qur’an the relationship between the husband and wife should be based on mutual love and kindness. Allah says; “And among His Signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that ye may dwell in tranquility with them, and He has put love and mercy between your (hearts); verily in that are Signs for those who reflect.” (Surah Ar-Rum;21) The Qur’an urges husbands to treat their wives with kindness. In the event of a family dispute, the Qur’an exhorts the husband to treat his wife kindly and not to overlook her positive aspects. Allah Almighty says; “Live with them on a footing of kindness and equity. If ye take a dislike to them it may be that ye dislike a thing, and Allah brings about through it a great deal of good.” (Surah An-Nisa’;19) It is important that a wife recognizes the authority of her husband in the house. He is the head of the household, and she is supposed to listen to him. But the husband should also use his authority with respect and kindness towards his wife. If there arises any disagreement or dispute among them, then it should be resolved in a peaceful manner. Spouses should seek the counsel of their elders and other respectable family members and friends to patch up the rift and solve the differences. However, in some cases a husband may use some light disciplinary action in order to correct the moral infraction of his wife, but this is only applicable in extreme cases and it should be resorted to if one is sure it would improve the situation. However, if there is a fear that it might worsen the relationship or may wreak havoc on him or the family, then he should avoid it completely. The Qur’an is very clear on this issue. Almighty Allah says; “Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allah has given the one more strength than the other, and because they support them from their means. Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient and guard in the husband’s absence what Allah would have them to guard. As to those women on whose part you fear disloyalty and ill-conduct, admonish them (first) , (next), refuse to share their beds, (and last) beat them (lightly); but if they return to obedience, seek not against them means (of annoyance); for Allah is most High and Great (above you all). If you fear a breach between them twain, appoint (two) arbiters, one from his family and the other from hers. If they wish for peace, Allah will cause their reconciliation; for Allah has full knowledge and is acquainted with all things.” (Surah An-Nisa’;34-35) It is important to read the section fully. One should not take part of the verse and use it to justify one’s own misconduct. This verse neither permits violence nor condones it. It guides us to ways to handle delicate family situation with care and wisdom. The word “beating” is used in the verse, but it does not mean “physical abuse”. The Prophet () explained it “dharban ghayra mubarrih” which means “a light tap that leaves no mark”. He further said that face must be avoided. Some other scholars are of the view that it is no more than a light touch by siwak, or toothbrush. Generally, the Prophet () used to discourage his followers from taking even this measure. He never hit any female, and he used to say that the best of men are those who do not hit their wives. It is also important to note that even this “light strike” mentioned in the verse is not to be used to correct some minor problem, but it is permissible to resort to only in a situation of some serious moral misconduct when admonishing the wife fails, and avoiding from sleeping with her would not help. If this disciplinary action can correct a situation and save the marriage, then one should use it.” “If the problem relates to the wife’s behavior, the husband may exhort her and appeal for reason. In most cases, this measure is likely to be sufficient. In cases where the problem persists, the husband may express his displeasure in another peaceful manner, by sleeping in a separate bed from hers. There are cases, however, in which a wife persists in bad habits and showing contempt of her husband and disregard for her marital obligations. Instead of divorce, the husband may resort to another measure that may save the marriage, at least in some cases. Such a measure is more accurately described as a gentle tap on the body, but never on the face, making it more of a symbolic measure than a punitive one. Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) told Muslim men, “the best among you is the one who is best to his family.” Not Islam, but some Muslim men, do oppress women today. This is because of their cultural habits or their ignorance about their religion.

Does Islam encourage attachment to the world?  24. Say; If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your kindred, the wealth that you have gained, the commerce in which you fear a decline, and the dwellings in which you delight … are dearer to you than Allah and His Messenger, and striving hard and fighting in His Cause , then wait until Allah brings about His Decision (torment). And Allah guides not the people who are Al-Fasiqun (the rebellious, disobedient to Allah). (Surah At-Taubah;24) 38. O you who believe! What is the matter with you, that when you are asked to march forth in the Cause of Allah (i.e. Jihad) you cling heavily to the earth? Are you pleased with the life of this world rather than the Hereafter? But little is the enjoyment of the life of this world as compared with the Hereafter. (Surah At-Taubah;38) 64. And this life of the world is only amusement and play! Verily, the home of the Hereafter, that is the life indeed (i.e. the eternal life that will never end), if they but knew (Surah Al-Ankabut;64) 7. They know only the outside appearance of the life of the world (i.e. the matters of their livelihood, like irrigating or sowing or reaping, etc.), and they are heedless of the Hereafter. 8. Do they not think deeply (in their ownselves) about themselves (how Allah created them from nothing, and similarly He will resurrect them)? Allah has created not the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, except with truth and for an appointed term. And indeed many of mankind deny the Meeting with their Lord. (Surah Ar-Rum;7-8) 103. Say (O Muhammad ); “Shall We tell you the greatest losers in respect of (their) deeds? 104. “Those whose efforts have been wasted in this life while they thought that they were acquiring good by their deeds! 105. “They are those who deny the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of their Lord and the Meeting with Him (in the Hereafter). So their works are in vain, and on the Day of Resurrection, We shall not give them any weight. (Surah Al-Kahf;103-5) 33. And were it not that all mankind would have become of one community (all disbelievers, desiring worldly life only), We would have provided for those who disbelieve in the Most Beneficent (Allah), silver roofs for their houses, and elevators (and stair-ways, etc. of silver) whereby they ascend. 34. And for their houses, doors (of silver), and thrones (of silver) on which they could recline, 35. And adornments of gold. Yet all this (i.e. the roofs, doors, stairs, elevators, thrones etc. of their houses) would have been nothing but an enjoyment of this world. And the Hereafter with your Lord is only for the Muttaqun. (Surah Az-Zukhruf;33-35) 20. Know that the life of this world is only play and amusement, pomp and mutual boasting among you, and rivalry in respect of wealth and children, as the likeness of vegetation after rain, thereof the growth is pleasing to the tiller; afterwards it dries up and you see it turning yellow; then it becomes straw. But in the Hereafter (there is) a severe torment (for the disbelievers, evil-doers), and (there is) Forgiveness from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure (for the believers, good-doers), whereas the life of this world is only a deceiving enjoyment. (Surah Al-Hadid;20) 1. The mutual rivalry for piling up of worldly things diverts you, 2. Until you visit the graves (i.e. till you die). 3. Nay! You shall come to know! 4. Again, Nay! You shall come to know! 5. Nay! If you knew with a sure knowledge (the end result of piling up, you would not have occupied yourselves in worldly things) 6. Verily, You shall see the blazing Fire (Hell)! 7. And again, you shall see it with certainty of sight! 8. Then, on that Day, you shall be asked about the delight (you indulged in, in this world)! (Surah At-Takaathur;1-8) 16. Nay, you prefer the life of this world; 17. Although the Hereafter is better and more lasting. 18. Verily! This is in the former Scriptures, 19. The Scriptures of Ibrahim (Abraham) and Musa (Moses). (Surah Al-A’la;16-19) 1. Woe to every slanderer and backbiter. 2. Who has gathered wealth and counted it,3. He thinks that his wealth will make him last forever! 4. Nay! Verily, he will be thrown into the crushing Fire.5. And what will make you know what the crushing Fire is?6. The fire of Allah, kindled,7. Which leaps up over the hearts,8. Verily, it shall be closed in on them,9. In pillars stretched forth (i.e. they will be punished in the Fire with pillars, etc.). (Surah Al-Humazah;1-8)

Does Islam is the religion of all the Prophets of God? Yes. All the Prophets of God, as well as their followers were Muslims, because they submitted to the will of the One True God. The Koran tells us that it has been revealed by the God himself by the same message (Monotheism) of the previous books, but with more details describing obscure facts about the physical world and absence of change or distortion, so the Koran is dominating over it, and should not be rejected; “We (An expression of Greatness) have revealed to you the Book truthfully confirming what was in the previous book; but dominating over it.” (Surah Al-Maidah;48) For example the Holy Qur’an says; “Ibrahim (AS) (Abraham) was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was a true Muslim Hanifa (Islamic Monotheism – to worship none but Allah Alone and he was not of Al-Mushrikun.” (Surah Ale-Imran;67) Nuh (AS) addressed his people saying; And recite to them the news of Nuh (Nuh). When he said to his people; “O my people, if my stay (with you), and my reminding (you) of the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah is hard on you, then I put my trust in Allah. So devise your plot, you and your partners, and let not your plot be in doubt for you. Then pass your sentence on me and give me no respite. “But if you turn away [from accepting my doctrine of Islamic Monotheism, i.e. to worship none but Allah], then no reward have I asked of you, my reward is only from Allah, and I have been commanded to be one of the Muslims (those who submit to Allah’s Will).” (Surah Yunus;71-72) The sons of Jacob (AS) replying to him said; “Or were you witnesses when death approached Ya’qub (Jacob)? When he said unto his sons, “What will you worship after me?” They said, “We shall worship your Ilah (God – Allah), the Ilah (God) of your fathers, Ibrahim (AS) (Abraham), Isma’il (AS) (Ishmael), Ishaque (AS) (Isaac), One Ilah (God), and to Him we submit (in Islam).”(Surah Al-Baqarah;133).

Does Islam mean submission/surrender to the will of God? The word “Islam” is derived from the word meaning “peace” in Arabic. Islam is a religion revealed to mankind with the intention of presenting a peaceful life where the infinite compassion and mercy of God manifests on earth. God calls all people to live by the moral values He sets so that compassion, mercy, peace and love can be experienced all over the world. O you who believe! Enter perfectly in Islam (by obeying all the rules and regulations of the Islamic religion) and follow not the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan). Verily! He is to you a plain enemy. Then if you slide back after the clear signs (Prophet Muhammad  and this Qur’an, and Islam) have come to you, then know that Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise. (Surah Al-Baqarah;208-209)  125. And who can be better in religion than one who submits his face (himself) to Allah and he is a Muhsin . And follows the religion ofIbrahim (Abraham) Hanifa (Islamic Monotheism – to worship none but Allah Alone). And Allah did take Ibrahim (Abraham) as a Khalil (an intimate friend). (Surah An-Nisaa’;125) 161. Say (O Muhammad ); “Truly, my Lord has guided me to a Straight Path, a right religion, the religion of Ibrahim (Abraham), Hanifa [i.e. the true Islamic Monotheism – to believe in One God (Allah i.e. to worship none but Allah, Alone)] and he was not of Al-Mushrikun .”162. Say (O Muhammad ); “Verily, my Salat (prayer), my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).163. “He has no partner. And of this I have been commanded, and I am the first of the Muslims.” (Surah Al-An’am;161-163) 52. And whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger (PBUH), fears Allah, and keeps his duty (to Him), such are the successful ones.53. They swear by Allah their strongest oaths, that if only you would order them, they would leave (their homes for fighting in Allah’s Cause). Say; “Swear you not; (this) obedience (of yours) is known (to be false). Verily, Allah knows well what you do.” (Surah An-Nur;52-53) 80. Verily, you cannot make the dead to hear (i.e. benefit them and similarly the disbelievers), nor can you make the deaf to hear the call, when they flee, turning their backs. 81. Nor can you lead the blind out of their error, you can only make to hear those who believe in Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), and who have submitted (themselves to Allah in Islam as Muslims). (Surah An-Naml;80-81) 17. They regard as favour upon you (O Muhammad ) that they have embraced Islam. Say; “Count not your Islam as a favour upon me. Nay, but Allah has conferred a favour upon you, that He has guided you to the Faith, if you indeed are true. (Surah Al-Hujuraat;17)

Does Islam or Muslim believe in reincarnation? The Quran strongly negates the dogma of reincarnation which subscribes to a cyclical theory of life. The theory originated with Plato and was adopted by Hindu philosophers.  The idea of reincarnation is not discussed in Qur’an.  During the time of Qur’anic revelation, people of Jewish community came to the Prophet and asked about the mystery of soul. Prophet remained silent and waited for answer from God and it was revealed through the Angel Gabriel as inspiration;  “And they ask you concerning the soul. Say; “The soul is one of the things, of which the knowledge is only with my Lord. And of knowledge, you (mankind) have been given only a little.”  (Surah Al-Asraa;85) Reincarnation is the worst of all false beliefs for Muslims, and one of the worst forms of kufr or infidelity to Allah, His Book and His Messengers. Muslims do not believe in reincarnation.  But believe in life after death. Islam teaches that our souls are returned to our bodies in the grave after the death.  The Islamic interpretation of the Resurrection is stated clearly in the Book of Allah, For example, Allah says in the Qur’an “Every soul will taste death. Then to Us will you be returned”.  (Surah Al-‘Ankaboot;57) “To Him is your return all together. [It is] the promise of Allah [which is] truth. Indeed, He begins the [process of] creation and then repeats it that He may reward those who have believed and done righteous deeds, in justice. But those who disbelieved will have a drink of scalding water and a painful punishment for what they used to deny”. (Surah Yunus;4) “On the day We muster the pious unto the Beneficent (Allah) (like the guest) of honour. And We shall drive the sinners unto Hell thirsty.”  (Surah Maryam;85-86) .“He has enumerated them and counted them a [full] counting. And all of them are coming to Him on the Day of Resurrection alone.”  (Surah Maryam;94-95) 87. Allah! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). Surely, He will gather you together on the Day of Resurrection about which there is no doubt. And who is truer in statement than Allah? (Surah an-nisa;87) 7. The disbelievers pretend that they will never be resurrected (for the Account). Say (O Muhammad ); “Yes! By my Lord, you will certainly be resurrected, then you will be informed of (and recompensed for) what you did, and that is easy for Allah. (Surah At-Tagabun;7)   104. And (remember) the Day when We shall roll up the heavens like a scroll rolled up for books, as We began the first creation, We shall repeat it, (it is) a promise binding upon Us. Truly, We shall do it. (Surah Al-Anbiya;104 ) There are so many Qur’anic verses obviously rejecting the reincarnation doctrine “And there is a ban upon any community which We have destroyed; that they shall not return.” (Surah al-Anbiya;95) “Have they not seen how many generations We destroyed before them, which indeed returned not unto them; “ (Surah al Yasin; 31) “Until, when death cometh unto one of them, he saith; My Lord! Send me back,That I may do right in that which I have left behind! But nay! It is but a word that he speaketh; and behind them is a barrier until the day when they are raised.” (Surah al Mu’minun;99-100) As stated in the verses, there is no return to worldly life after death;  souls will wait in al-barzakh (the realm of the grave after death, the intervening state, intermediate state) till the Judgement Day. Muslims do not believe in reincarnation. But believe in life after death. Islam teaches that our souls are returned to our bodies in the grave after the death and we will be questioned about three things; Who we used to worship?What was our to have evidences of reincarnation in the holy Qur’an. As a matter of fact, the aforementioned so-called evidences are just the personal commends about some verses of those who do not have any Qur’anic knowledge.As stated way of life?Who was the Prophet sent to us?Then after the end of the world, there will be a Day of Resurrection where everyone will be raised up back from their graves and gathered together for judgement. Our deeds will be weighed and we will be rewarded or punished accordingly.As some people try to adduce some verses of Torah and Bible as evidence of reincarnation, some also try to support their view by Qur’anic verses. However, since the reincarnation doctrine is a fabricated  idea that is not based on any divine source, it totally contradicts Islam, so it is out of question in the verses, there is no return to worldly life after death;  souls will wait in al-barzakh (the realm of the grave after death, the intervening state, intermediate state) till the Judgement Day. “And Allah brought you forth from the wombs of your mothers knowing nothing, and gave you hearing and sight and hearts that haply ye might give thanks.” (Surah al Nahl;78) According to reincarnation that is claimed to be necessary for the perfection of soul, people should be born learned, educated and knowing. However, Qur’an, the word of Lord, says that man is born with no knowledge; that’s what exactly what we observe for all babies. As seen in all these verses, it is obvious for a Muslim who believes in Qur’an that there is no return to the world for neither soul nor body after death. Believing in reincarnation is also a denial of these verses. “Lo! Those who believe (in that which is revealed unto thee, Muhammad), and those who are Jews, and Christians, and Sabaeans – whoever believeth in Allah and the Last Day and doeth right – surely their reward is with their Lord, and there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.” (Surah al Baqarah;62)

Does Islam permit the free practice of other religions and religious tolerance? Islam permits religious harmony, freedom and religious tolerance The religious harmony, freedom and tolerance which Islam lays down could be best understood from the following verses, mentioned in the Qur’an “To you be your religion, and to me my religion (Islamic Monotheism).” (Surah Al-Kaafiroon;6) Allah (SWT), the Exalted mentions in the Qur’an, “Let there be no compulsion in religion; Truth stands out clear from error” (Surah Al-Baqarah;256) The existence of old churches, temples, and synagogues throughout the Muslim world in places like Egypt, Turkey, Palestine, Jordan, Syria, India, and Bosnia and the existence of minority religious populations in those areas demonstrates that this command was historically followed by many Muslim societies. The first Article of the constitution laid down by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) for the inhabitants of Medina, the Muslims as well as those who had entered the pact from the Jews, Christians and idolaters, were “one nation to the exclusion of all others’. All were considered members and citizens of Medina society regardless of religion, race or ancestry. The lives of the practitioners of other religions in Muslim society were also given protective status. The Prophet said; “Whoever kills a person who has a truce with the Muslims will never smell the fragrance of Paradise.” (Saheeh Muslim).

Does Islam permit women to inherit the property or a share of the property from their parents? Yes, both men and women are entitled to a specified share of the property left behind by their parents or close relatives, The Qur’an made it clear that both men and women are entitled to a specified share of the estate of their deceased parents or close relatives. Allah (SWT), the Exalted mentions in the Qur’an; “For men is a share of what the parents and close relatives leave, and for women is a share of what the parents and close relatives leave, be it little or much, an obligatory share.” (Surah An-Nisaa;7)

Does Islam promote violence and terrorism? No. Islam is religion of peace and submission and stresses on the sanctity of human life.  Islam, a religion of mercy, does not permit terrorism. The entire Qur’an, taken as a complete text, gives a message of hope, faith, and peace to a faith community of one billion people. The overwhelming message is that peace is to be found through faith in God, and justice among fellow human beings. At the time the Qur’an was revealed (7th century A.D.), there was no United Nations or Amnesty International to keep the peace or expose injustice. Inter-tribal violence and vengeance was commonplace. In the Qur’an, God has said; “ God does not forbid you from showing kindness and dealing justly with those who have not fought you about religion and have not driven you out of your homes.  God loves just dealers. .” (Surah Al-Mumtahana; 8) The act of inciting terror in the hearts of defenseless civilians, the wholesale destruction of buildings and properties, the bombing and maiming of innocent men, women, and children are all forbidden and detestable acts according to Islam and the Muslims.  Muslims follow a religion of peace, mercy, and forgiveness, and the vast majority have nothing to do with the violent events some have associated with Muslims.  If an individual Muslim were to commit an act of terrorism, this person would be guilty of violating the laws of Islam.. As a matter of survival, one must have been willing to defend against aggression from all sides. Nevertheless, the Qur’an repeatedly urges forgiveness and restraint, and warns believers not to “transgress” or become “oppressors.” Some examples;  If anyone slays a person- unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land -it would be as if he slew all people.And if anyone saves a life,it would be as if he saved the life of all people. (Surah Al-Maidah; 32) Invite all to the way of your Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching. And argue with them in ways thatare best and most gracious…And if you punish, let your punishment be proportional to the wrong that has been done to you. But if you show patience, that is indeed the best course. Be patient, for your patience is from God. And do not grieve over them,or distress yourself because of their plots.For God is with those who restrain themselves, and those who do good. (Surah An-Nahl; 125-128) Oh you who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to God, even against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be against rich or poor, for God can best protect both. Follow not the cravings of your hearts, lest you swerve, and if you distort justice or decline to do justice, verily God is well acquainted with all that you do. (Surah An-Nisaa; 135) The recompense for an injury is an injury equal thereto (in degree),but if a person forgives and makes reconciliation,his reward is due from God,for God loves not those who do wrong.But indeed, if any do help and defend themselvesafter a wrong done to them, against such there is no cause of blame.The blame is only against those who oppress menwith wrongdoing and insolently transgressbeyond bounds through the land,defying right and justice.For such there will be a penalty grievous (in the Hereafter).But indeed, if any show patience and forgive,that would truly be an affair of great resolution. (Surah Ash-Shura; 40-43) Goodness and evil are not equal. Repel evil with what is better.Then that person with whom there was hatred,may become your intimate friend!And no one will be granted such goodnessexcept those who exercise patience and self-restraint,none but people of the greatest good fortune. (Surah Ha-Mim;  34-35) The claim that Islam calls for intolerance and extremism is completely untrue. The Qur’anic texts explicitly prohibit religious extremism and intolerance; “Do not transgress the bounds of your religion” (Surah Nisaa’; 171) And the Muslims are described as “a just nation”;”We have made you a just nation” (Surah Baqarah; 143). Allah also warns His Prophet (PBUH) and the believers against transgression; “Follow then the right path as you are bidden, together with those who have repented with you, and do not transgress” (Surah Hud;  112).