Divine Verses 9

Where to find words of wisdom for guidance? 138. This (the Qur’an) is a plain statement for mankind, a guidance and instruction to those who are Al-Muttaqun  (Surah Ale-Imran 138) 70. And leave alone those who take their religion as play and amusement, and are deceived by the life of this world. But remind (them) with it (the Qur’an) lest a person be given up to destruction for that which he has earned, when he will find for himself no protector or intercessor besides Allah, and even if he offers every ransom, it will not be accepted from him. Such are they who are given up to destruction because of that which they have earned. For them will be a drink of boiling water and a painful torment because they used to disbelieve. (Surah al-An’’am 70)…90. They are those whom Allah had guided. So follow their guidance. Say; “No reward I ask of you for this (the Qur’an). It is only a reminder for the ‘Alamin (mankind and jinns).” (Surah al-An’’am 90)….153. “And verily, this (i.e. Allah’s Commandments mentioned in the above two Verses 151 and 152) is my Straight Path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths, for they will separate you away from His Path. This He has ordained for you that you may become Al-Muttaqun.” (Surah al-An’’am 153)…. 155. And this is a blessed Book (the Qur’an) which We have sent down, so follow it and fear Allah (i.e. do not disobey His Orders), that you may receive mercy (i.e. saved from the torment of Hell). (Surah al-An’am 155) 157. Or lest you (pagan Arabs) should say; “If only the Book had been sent down to us, we would surely have been better guided than they (Jews and Christians).” So now has come unto you a clear proof (the Qur’an) from your Lord, and a guidance and a mercy. Who then does more wrong than one who rejects the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah and turns away therefrom? We shall requite those who turn away from Our Ayat with an evil torment, because of their turning away (from them).  (Surah al-An’’am 157) 40. Verily, those who believ Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and treat them with arrogance, for them the gates of heaven will not be opened, and they will not enter Paradise until the camel goes through the eye of the needle (which is impossible). Thus do We recompense the Mujrimun (criminals, polytheists, sinners, etc.) (Surah al-Araf; 40) 1. Alif-Lam-Ra. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur’an, and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings]. These are the Verses of the Book (the Qur’an) Al-Hakim [showing lawful and unlawful things, explaining Allah’s (Divine) Laws for mankind, leading them to eternal happiness by ordering them to follow the true Islamic Monotheism, – worshipping none but Allah Alone – that will guide them to Paradise and save them from Hell]. (Surah Yunus; 1) 58. Say; “In the Bounty of Allah, and in His Mercy (i.e. Islam and the Qur’an); -therein let them rejoice.” That is better than what (the wealth) they amass. (Surah Yunus; 58).  104. And no reward you (O Muhammad) ask of them (those who deny your Prophethood) for it, it(the Qur’an) is no less than a Reminder and an advice unto the ‘Alamin (men and jinns). (Surah Yusuf;104).  111. Indeed in their stories, there is a lesson for men of understanding. It (the Qur’an) is not a forged statement but a confirmation of the Allah’s existing Books [the Taurat (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel) and other Scriptures of Allah and a detailed explanation of everything and a guide and a Mercy for the people who believe. (Surah Yusuf;111)….1. Alif-Lam-Ra. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur’an, and none but Allah (SWT) (Alone) knows their meanings]. These are the Verses of the Book, and a plain Qur’an. (Surah al-Hijr;  1)… 89. And (remember) the Day when We shall raise up from every nation a witness against them from amongst themselves. And We shall bring you (O Muhammad (PBUH) as a witness against these. And We have sent down to you the Book (the Qur’an) as an exposition of everything, a guidance, a mercy, and glad tidings for those who have submitted themselves (to Allah as Muslims). (Surah an-Nahl; 89)….57. And who does more wrong than he who is reminded of the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of his Lord, but turns away from them forgetting what (deeds) his hands have sent forth. Truly, We have set veils over their hearts lest they should understand this (the Qur’an), and in their ears, deafness. And if you (O Muhammad) call them to guidance, even then they will never be guided. (Surah Al-Kahf; 57)….49. Nay, but they, the clear Ayat [i.e the description and the qualities of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)   written like verses in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] are preserved in the breasts of those who have been given knowledge (from the people of the Scriptures). And none but the Zalimun (polytheists and wrongdoers, etc.) deny Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.). (Surah al-Ankabut; 49)….22. And who does more wrong than he who is reminded of the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of his Lord, then he turns aside therefrom? Verily, We shall exact retribution from the Mujrimun (criminals, disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, etc.). (Surah As-Sajdah  22). …70. That he or it (Muhammad (PBUH)   or the Qur’an) may give warning to him who is living (a healthy minded the believer), and that Word (charge) may be justified against the disbelievers (dead, as they reject the warnings). (Surah Ya-Sin;70)…29. (This is) a Book (the Qur’an) which We have sent down to you, full of blessings that they may ponder over its Verses, and that men of understanding may remember. (Surah Saad;  29)…18. Those who listen to the Word [good advice La ilaha ill-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Islamic Monotheism, etc.] and follow the best thereof (i.e. worship Allah Alone, repent to Him and avoid Taghut, etc.) those are (the ones) whom Allah has guided and those are men of understanding (like Zaid bin ‘Amr bin Nufail, Salman Al-Farisi and Abu Dhar Al-Ghifari). (Surah Az-Zumar; ; 18)…41. Verily, those who disbelieved in the Reminder (i.e. the Qur’an) when it came to them (shall receive the punishment). And verily, it is an honourable respected Book (because it is Allah’s Speech, and He has protected it from corruption, etc.). (Surah Fussilat/Surah Ha Mim As Sajdah; 41)…44. And if We had sent this as a Qur’an in a foreign language other than Arabic, they would have said; “Why are not its Verses explained in detail (in our language)? What! (A Book) not in Arabic and (the Messenger) an Arab?” Say; “It is for those who believe, a guide and a healing. And as for those who disbelieve, there is heaviness (deafness) in their ears, and it (the Qur’an) is blindness for them. They are those who are called from a place far away (so they neither listen nor understand). (Surah Fussilat/Surah Ha Mim As Sajdah; 44)…20. This (Qur’an) is a clear insight and evidence for mankind, and a guidance and a mercy for people who have Faith with certainty (Surah Al-Jathiyah;20)…..17. And We have indeed made the Qur’an easy to understand and remember, then is there any that will remember (or receive admonition)? (Surah al-Qamar; 17) 16. Has not the time come for the hearts of those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism) to be affected by Allah’s Reminder (this Qur’an), and that which has been revealed of the truth, lest they become as those who received the Scripture [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] before (i.e. Jews and Christians), and the term was prolonged for them and so their hearts were hardened? And many of them were Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah. (Surah al-Hadid; 16)….5. Verily, those who oppose Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH) will be disgraced, as those before them (among the past nation), were disgraced. And We have sent down clear Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.). And for the disbelievers is a disgracing torment. (Surah Al-Mujadilah; 5)…27. Verily, this (the Qur’an) is no less than a Reminder to (all) the ‘Alamin (mankind and jinns). 28. To whomsoever among you who wills to walk straight, (Surah At-Takwir 27-28)…. 88. Say; “If the mankind and the jinns were together to produce the like of this Qur’an, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they helped one another.” 89. And indeed We have fully explained to mankind, in this Qur’an, every kind of similitude, but most mankind refuse (the truth and accept nothing) but disbelief. (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel; ‘ 88-89)….30. And the Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH) will say; “O my Lord! Verily, my people deserted this Qur’an (neither listened to it, nor acted on its laws and orders). (Surah Al-Furqan;30)… 231 And treat not the Verses (Laws) of Allah as a jest, but remember Allah’s Favours on you (i.e. Islam), and that which He has sent down to you of the Book (i.e. the Qur’an) and Al-Hikmah (the Prophet’s Sunnah – legal ways – Islamic jurisprudence, etc.) whereby He instructs you. And fear Allah, and know that Allah is All-Aware of everything. (Surah Al-Baqarah;231).

Where to keep divorced women during their iddat? How treat them and What to do if they are pregnant? Allah (SWT) says, “. O Prophet (PBUH)! When you divorce women, divorce them at their ‘Iddah (prescribed periods), and count (accurately) their ‘Iddah (periods ). And fear Allah your Lord (O Muslims), and turn them not out of their (husband’s) homes, nor shall they (themselves) leave, except in case they are guilty of some open illegal sexual intercourse. And those are the set limits of Allah. And whosoever transgresses the set limits of Allah, then indeed he has wronged himself. You (the one who divorces his wife) know not, it may be that Allah will afterward bring some new thing to pass (i.e. to return her back to you if that was the first or second divorce)..”[ Surah At-Talaq; 1). 6. Lodge them (the divorced women) where you dwell, according to your means, and do not treat them in such a harmful way that they be obliged to leave. And if they are pregnant, then spend on them till they deliver. Then if they give suck to the children for you, give them their due payment, and let each of you accept the advice of the other in a just way. But if you make difficulties for one another, then some other woman may give suck for him (the father of the child).  (Surah at-Talaaq;  6).

Which act of charity is praise by Allah (SWT)? 13. (It is) Freeing a neck (slave, etc.)14. Or giving food in a day of hunger (famine), 15. To an orphan near of kin. 16. Or to a Miskin (poor) afflicted with misery. 17. Then he became one of those who believed, and recommended one another to perseverance and patience, and (also) recommended one another to pity and compassion. 18. They are those on the Right Hand (the dwellers of Paradise), (Surah al-Balad 13-18) 3. Who believe in the Ghaib and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and spend out of what we have provided for them [i.e. give Zakat ,spend on themselves, their parents, their children, their wives, etc., and also give charity to the poor and also in Allah’s Cause – Jihad, etc.]. (Surah Al-Baqarah; ; 3)  54. These will be given their reward twice over, because they are patient, and repel evil with good, and spend (in charity) out of what We have provided them. (Surah  Al-Qasas 54) 16. Their sides forsake their beds, to invoke their Lord in fear and hope, and they spend (charity in Allah’s Cause) out of what We have bestowed on them. (Surah As-Sajdah 16)  29. Verily, those who recite the Book of Allah  (this Qur’an), and perform As-Salat  (Iqamat-as-Salat), and spend (in charity) out of what We have provided for them, secretly and openly, hope for a (sure) trade-gain that will never perish. (Surah al-Fatir 29) 18. Verily, those who give Sadaqat (i.e. Zakat and alms, etc.), men and women, and lend to Allah  a goodly loan, it shall be increased manifold (to their credit), and theirs shall be an honourable good reward (i.e. Paradise). (Surah  Al-Hadid 18).

Which are the hills  mentioned as the Symbols of Allah in the Holy Qur’an? “ 158. Verily! As-Safa and Al-Marwah (two mountains in Makkah) are of the Symbols of Allah. So it is not a sin on him who perform Hajj or ‘Umrah (pilgrimage) of the House (the Ka’bah at Makkah) to perform the going (Tawaf) between them (As-Safa and Al-Marwah). And whoever does good voluntarily, then verily, Allah is All Recogniser, All-Knower. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 158)

Which civilization ruled by a female and completely destroyed as punishment mentioned in the Qur’an? A complete surah revealed entitled “Surah Saba”.  Many centuries ago, the community of Saba was one of the four biggest civilizations which lived in South Arabia. Historical sources relating to Saba usually say that this was a culture akin to that of the Phoenicians. It was particularly involved in commercial activities. The Sabaeans are recognized by historians as a civilized and cultured people. The Ma’rib Dam, which is one of the most important monuments of this people, is an important indication of the technological level this people had reached. The Sabaean state had one of the strongest armies in the region and was able to adopt an expansionist policy thanks to its potent army. With its advanced culture and army, the Sabaean state was without question one of the “super powers” of the region at the time. This extraordinarily strong army of the Sabaean state is also described in the Qur’an. An expression of the commanders of the Saba army related in the Qur’an shows the extent of the confidence this army had in it. The commanders’ call out to the female ruler (Queen) of the state; She said; “O chiefs! Advise me in (this) case of mine. I decide no case till you are present with me.” They said; “We have great strength, and great ability for war, but it is for you to command; so think over what you will command.” (Surah An-Naml; 32-33). Because of the Ma’rib Dam which had been constructed, with the help of quite advanced technology for that particular era, the people of Saba possessed an enormous irrigation capacity. The fertile soil they acquired by virtue of this technique and their control over the trade route permitted them a splendid lifestyle, full of well-being. However, instead of giving thanks to Allah for all this, the Qur’an informs us that they actually “turned away from Him.” Furthermore, they refused to heed the warnings and reminders issued to them. Because of these poor moral values, they merited punishment in the sight of Allah and their dams collapsed and the flood of Arim ruined all their lands. The dam that collapsed in 542 led to the flood of Arim and caused enormous damage. The vineyards, orchards and fields cultivated for hundreds of years by the people of Saba were completely destroyed. Following the collapse of the dam, the people of Saba appear to have entered a period of rapid contraction, at the end of which the Sabaean state came to an end. When we examine the Qur’an in the light of the historical data above, we observe that there is very substantial agreement here. Archaeological findings and the historical data both verify what is recorded in the Qur’an. As mentioned in the verse, these people, who did not listen to the exhortations of their Prophet and who rejected faith, were in the end punished with a dreadful flood. This flood is described in the Qur’an in the following verses; There was, for Saba, aforetime, a Sign in their home-land-two Gardens to the right and to the left.  Indeed there was for Saba’ (Sheba) a sign in their dwelling place, – two gardens on the right hand and on the left (and it was said to them) “Eat of the provision of your Lord, and be grateful to Him, a fair land and an Oft-Forgiving Lord. But they turned away (from the obedience of Allah), so We sent against them Sail Al-‘Arim (flood released from the dam), and We converted their two gardens into gardens producing bitter bad fruit, and tamarisks, and some few lote-trees. Like this We requited them because they were ungrateful disbelievers. And never do We requite in such a way except those who are ungrateful, (disbelievers). (Surah Saba;15-17) In the Qur’an, the punishment sent to the Sabaean people is named as “Sayl al-Arim” which means the “flood of Arim.” This expression used in the Qur’an also tells us the manner in which this disaster occurred. In the ruins unearthed in the excavations made in Yemen, this word was seen to be frequently used in this meaning. For example, in the inscriptions which was ordered by Yemen’s Habesh monarch, Ebrehe (Abraha), after the restoration of the big Ma’rib wall in 542 and 543 AD, this word was used to mean dam (barrier) time and again. So, the expression of Sayl al- Arim means “a flood disaster which occurs after the destruction of a dam.” “… We converted their two garden [rows] into gardens producing bitter fruit, and tamarisks, and some few [stunted] Lote-trees” (Qur’an, 34;16). That is, after the collapse of the dam-wall, all the country was inundated by the flood. The canals that had been dug by the Sabaean people, and the wall that had been constructed by building barriers between the mountains, were destroyed and the irrigation system fell apart. As a result, the territory, which was like a garden before, turned into a jungle. There was no fruit left but the cherry-like fruit of little stumpy trees. The Christian archaeologist Werner Keller, writer of “Und Die Bible Hat Doch Recht” (The Holy Book Was Right), accepted that the flood of Arim occurred according to the description of the Qur’an and wrote that the existence of such a dam and the destruction of the whole country by its collapse proves that the example given in the Qur’an about the people of the garden was indeed realized. After the disaster of the Arim flood, the region started to turn into a desert and the Sabaean people lost their most important source of income. Their lands, which had been agricultural havens of prosperity and financial strength, disappeared. The people, who had not heeded the call of Allah to believe in Him and to be grateful to Him, were in the end punished with this disaster..

Which direction do Muslims face while offering salah (prayers)? Allah (SWT), the Exalted, says in the Qur’an, ““Verily! We have seen the turning of your (Muhammad (PBUH) face towards the heaven. Surely, We shall turn you to a Qibla (prayer direction) that shall please you, so turn your face in the direction of Al-Masjid- al-Haram (at Makkah). And wheresoever you people are, turn your faces (in prayer) in that direction…” (Surah Al-Baqarah; 143-144) )

Which idol did the people of Prophet Ilyas (AS) worship? 125. “Will you call upon Ba’l (a well- known idol of his nation whom they used to worship) and forsake the Best of creators, Surah  As-Saffat;; v125).

Which is the longest surah (chapter) of the Qur’an? Al-Baqara, chapter 2, The longest surah in the Holy Qur’an is (Surah al-Baqara, the last sixty surahs take up about as much space as the second. Some of the longer aayahs are much longer than the shortest surahs. All surahs, except one, begin with Bimillah hir-Rahman nir-Rahim, ‘In the Name of God, the Most-Merciful, the Compassionate’. Each surah has a name that usually mentions a key motto within it. For example, the longest surah, (Surah al-Baqara, or ‘The Cow’, is named after the story of Moses commanding the Jews to offer a sacrifice of a cow, which begins by God saying; “And remember when Moses said to his people; ‘Allah (SWT) commands that you sacrifice a cow…’” (Qur’an 2;67) .

Which is the sin that shall never be pardoned? 48. Verily, Allah (SWT) forgives not that partners should be set up with him in worship, but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He pleases, and whoever sets up partners with Allah (SWT) in worship, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin.  (Surah an-Nisaa; 48).

Which is the straying of the worst type? 12. He calls besides Allah unto that which hurts him not, nor profits him. That is a straying far away. (Surah Al-Hajj;12).

Which Islamic principle does the Hajj demonstrate? The Muslims gather to meet one another and demonstrate to each other, and the world, that they are united. Unity in diversity and universal brotherhood. They are united by their worship of One Allah (SWT). “O humankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honorable of you with Allah  is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa (piety, God consciousness). Verily, God is All-Knowing, All-Aware.” (Qur’an 49;13) Islam is the religion of unity and peace. Repeatedly throughout the Qur’an Allah (SWT) reminds the believers that they must remain united and seek strength through unity. Hajj epitomizes this unity.   People from every race and color come together in submission to the will of Allah (SWT). Muslims are one brotherhood and they come together with a sense of purpose and a desire for peace. “The believers are nothing else but brothers (in Islam). So make reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allah (SWT), that you may receive mercy.” (Qur’an 39;10).

Which material and spiritual benefits does observance of the morals of the Qur’an bring to society? The moral values of the Qur’an create a profoundly, spiritual, peaceful, and secure atmosphere of morality. The chaos of anarchy that causes great damage to the state and the nation definitely ends because for fear of Allah, people avoid unruliness and causing mischief. Also, people with moral values stand up for their state and nation and do not stop short of any kind of sacrifice. Such people always work for the welfare and security of their country.In a society where the morals of the Qur’an are practiced, pe ople are extremely respectful towards each other and everyone tries to ensure the comfort and security of one another because solidarity, unity, and cooperation are very important according to the tenets of Islam. Everyone has to put the comfort and interest of others before himself. The following is an example of the morality of believers;Those who were already settled in Madinah, and had adopted the Faith, before they came, loved1 those who came to them for refuge and entertained no desire in their hearts for things given to the (latter), but gave them preference over themselves even if they themselves were needy. It is the people who are safeguarded from the avarice of their own selves who are successful. (Surah  al-Hashr, 9)In an environment where people go in fear of Allah, everyone works for the welfare of society. No one acts extravagantly; everyone cooperates and works in solidarity watching out for the interests of the other. The result is a rich society with a high level of welfare.In such a society, moral richness as well as material richness prevails. The state of chaos where all kinds of rebellious attitudes are displayed totally disappears. Everyone behaves with restraint and every problem is solved in a logical manner. All issues are resolved calmly. Life is always lived in a peaceful atmosphere, and is filled with joy, sincerity, love, friendship and brotherhood

Which men and women are forbidden to the believers to marry? 3. The adulterer marries not but an adulteress or a Mushrikah and the adulteress none marries her except an adulterer or a Muskrik [and that means that the man who agrees to marry (have a sexual relation with) a Mushrikah (female polytheist, pagan or idolatress) or a prostitute, then surely he is either an adulterer, or a Mushrik (polytheist, pagan or idolater, etc.) And the woman who agrees to marry (have a sexual relation with) a Mushrik (polytheist, pagan or idolater) or an adulterer, then she is either a prostitute or a Mushrikah (female polytheist, pagan, or idolatress, etc.)]. Such a thing is forbidden to the believers (of Islamic Monotheism). (Surah an-Nur; 3).

Which night is specified in the Qur’an as a night greater than 1,000 months? Night of Qadr (Laylat al-Qadr)The term Al-Qadr has been frequently translated as “the power”. A better translation may be “the value” or “the decree” because Allah (SWT) says the value of this night is greater than one thousand months, a lifetime of over eighty-three years! God sends His decrees in this night. This is the night when the Qur’an was first revealed at the time of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) . Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an; “We have indeed revealed this (the Qur’an) in the Night of Value (or Measure). And what will explain to you what the Night of Value is? The Night of Value is better than a thousand months. Therein come down angels and the Spirit (the angel Gabriel) by God’s permission with all decrees. (That night is) Peace until the rising of the dawn.” (Qur’an 97;1-5) According to authentic teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) , may the mercy and blessings of God be upon him, Muslims are advised to spend the 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th and 29th nights of Ramadan in worship and doing good works to assure finding Laylat al-Qadr..

Which of the prophets were ordered by Allah (SWT) to build the Kaabah in Makkah? Prophet Abraham (PBUH) and Prophet Ishmael (PBUH). After a separation of several years, again the father (Prophet Abraham) and son (Prophet Ishmael) met. It was on this journey that the two built the Kaaba on Allah (SWT)’s command as a permanent sanctuary; a place laid for the worship of Allah (SWT), to which direction people would their face when offering prayers, and make it a site of pilgrimage. It was here, in this same barren desert where Abraham had left Hagar and Ishmael earlier, that he supplicated to God to make it a place where they would establish the prayer, free from idol worship. There are many beautiful verses in the Qur’an describing the sanctity of the Kaaba and the purpose of its building. Allah (SWT) mentions in the Qur’an “And when we assigned to Abraham the place of the House; ‘Do not associate with Me anything, and purify My House for those who circumambulate it, who stand in prayer, and who bow, and prostrate themselves (all in prayer).’ And proclaim the Pilgrimage (Hajj) among people, and they shall come to you on foot, and on every lean camel. They shall come to you from every deep and distant mountain highways.” (Qur’an 22;26).

Which of the Qur’anic verses were revealed for The Mothers of believers Sawdah, Aisha (RA), Hafsah and Umm-Salamah (R.A)? “O Prophet  Say to your wives; ‘If you desire the life of this world, and its glitter, — Then come! I will make a provision for you and set you free in a handsome manner (divorce). But if you desire Allah and His Messenger, and the home of the Hereafter, then verily, Allah has prepared for Al-Muhsinat (good-doers) amongst you an enormous reward.” (Surah Al-Ahzab; 28 and 29) .

Which prayer does Allah (SWT) mention in the Holy Qur’an to especially guard? Asr Salah (middle prayers) Allah (SWT), the Exalted mentions in the Qur’an “Guard strictly five obligatory prayers especially the middle prayer. And stand before God with obedience.” (Qur’an 2;238).

Which prophet was born miraculously without the intervention of a man? Prophet Jesus (PBUH) son of Mary.  “..when the angels said, ‘O Mary, indeed Allah (SWT) gives you the good news of a word from Him, whose name will be the Messiah Jesus, the son of Mary, held in honor in this world and in the hereafter, and of those who are near to God.’ ‘He will speak to the people in the cradle, and in old age, and he will be of the righteous.’ She said, ‘My Lord, how can I have a son when no man has touched me.’ He said, ‘So (it will be,) for God creates what He wants. When He decides something, He only says to it, ‘Be,’ and it is. And He will teach him the Book and wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel. And (will make him) a messenger to the Children of Israel …” (Qur’an 3;45-49).

Which surah (chapter) is considered as one third (1/3) of the Qur’an? Surah Ikhlas, chapter 112. This chapter contains the genealogy and description of Allah (SWT), the Most Merciful. It was revealed by Allah (SWT) to refute beliefs attributed to Him by misguided people concerning His similitude, form, origin and offspring. For example, those who paint pictures or make statues of Allah (SWT) are claiming similitude, those who worship others besides Him claim similitude, and those who attribute some parts of His creation to others besides Him claim similitude. However, nothing is similar to Him in His Attributes, His Dominion or His Divinity. Therefore, only He alone deserves to be worshipped by His creations. Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an; “Say (O Muhammad (PBUH); “He is Allah (God), (the) One. “Allah us-Samad Allah (God) the Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, (He neither eats nor drinks). “He begets not, nor was He begotten. “And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him.”(Qur’an 112;1-4) The first verse represents Allah’s own affirmation of His unique monotheism, His inimitable oneness. Thus, the first verse is a command to the Prophet, may the mercy and blessings of God be upon him, and whoever reads or recites this verse to affirm Allah (SWT)’s unique oneness. He is one like whom there is no other. There are many unities in this world, but they all are not unique as each unity has others similar to them.

Which Suwar contains the complete and detailed orders for awrah (dress code ) and ‘putting on the Veil or (Hijab) for Muslim women? The women around Jesus veiled themselves according to the practice of the women around the earlier prophets. Their garments were loose and covered their bodies completely, and they wore scarves which covered their hair. In Genesis 24;64-5 ; “And Rebecca lifted up her eyes, and when she saw Isaac, she alighted from the camel, 65and said to the servant, ‘Who is the man yonder, walking in the field to meet us?’ The servant said, ‘It is my master.’ So she took her veil and covered herself.” Paul wrote in his first letter to the Corinthians, “5 But any woman who prays or prophesies with her head unveiled dishonors her head — it is the same as if her head were shaven. 6 For if a woman will not veil herself, then she should cut off her hair; but if it is disgraceful for a woman to be shorn or shaven, let her wear a veil.” Some may argue that it was the general custom of those times to be completely veiled. However, that is not the case. In both Rome and Greece, whose cultures dominated the region, the popular dress was quite short and revealed the arms, legs and chest. Only religious women in Palestine, following Jewish tradition, covered themselves modestly. According to Rabbi Dr. Menachem M. Brayer (Professor of Biblical Literature at Yeshiva University), it was customary that Jewish women went out in public with a head- covering which, sometimes, even covered the whole face, leaving only one eye free. (The Jewish Woman in Rabbinic Literature, p. 239) He further stated that “during the Tannaitic period, the Jewish woman’s failure to cover her head was considered an affront to her modesty. When her head was uncovered she might be fined four hundred zuzim for this offence.” (The Jewish Woman in Rabbinic Literature., p. 139) The famous early Christian theologian, St. Tertullian (d. 220 CE), in his famous treatise, ‘On The Veiling of Virgins’ wrote, “Young women, you wear your veils out on the streets, so you should wear them in the church; you wear them when you are among strangers, then wear them among your brothers…” Among the Canon laws of the Catholic church until today, there is a law that requires women to cover their heads in church. (Clara M. Henning, “Canon Law and the Battle of the Sexes,” in Religion and Sexism, p. 272.) Christian denominations, such as the Amish and the Menonites for example, keep their women veiled to the present day. In Islam, A woman’s ‘awrah includes her entire body. The least that can be said is that she should not uncover anything except her face and hands, and it was said that she should not even uncover that. Allah says; 55. It is no sin on them (the Prophet’s wives, if they appear unveiled) before their fathers, or their sons, or their brothers, or their brother’s sons, or the sons of their sisters, or their own (believing) women, or their (female) slaves, and keep your duty to Allah. Verily, Allah is Ever All-Witness over everything.  59. O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies (i.e. screen themselves completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way). That will be better, that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed. And Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah Ahzab, 55, 59) Allah states that it makes the believing women known in the society and provides protection for them from possible social harm. “And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty; that they should not display their adornment except what must ordinarily appear thereof, that they should draw their veils over their bosoms and not display their adornment save to their own husbands, their fathers, their husband’s fathers, their sons, their husband’s sons, their brothers or their brother’s sons or their sister’s sons or their women or their slaves or male attendants who lack vigour or children who know naught of women’s nakedness.  And let them not stamp their feet -10 as to reveal what they hide of their adornment”.(Surah An-Nur-31) SNV

Which two nights are of paramount importance in the history of Islam? In the history of Islam two nights are of paramount importance. One is that when the glorious Qur’an was revealed to Muhammad (PBUH), Verily! We have sent it (this Qur’an) down in the night of Al-Qadr (Decree). And what will make you know what the night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is? The night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is better than a thousand months (i.e. worshipping Allah in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months, i.e. 83 years and 4 months). (Surah Al-Qadr; 1-3) and the other when Allah (SWT) granted transcendental ascension (Me‘raj) to him. 1. Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allah) Who took His slave (Muhammad ) for a journey by night from Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah) to the farthest mosque (in Jerusalem), the neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammad ) of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. (Surah Al-Isra; 1) It is the most historic occasion, when the miraculous event of ascension (Me’raj) took place wherein Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was transported to different Heavens by what is regarded as the fastest electronic power (Buraq) and was shown what the human eyes had not seen before. A new chapter was unveiled and new vistas were opened for the progress and expansion of Islam as a world movement and a world force..

Which verse best describes the religious harmony, religious freedom and religious tolerance of Islam in the Holy Qur’an? The religious harmony, freedom and religious tolerance which Islam lays down could be best understood in the Qur’an “…To you be your religion, to me be mine.” (Qur’an 109;6) Allah (SWT), the Exalted mentions in the Qur’an, “Let there be no compulsion in religion; Truth stands out clear from error” (Surah Al-Baqarah;256).

Which verses are considered by scholars to be the last ones revealed to the Prophet? Some Muslim scholars believe that the last revelation was Surah; “This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed my favour upon you and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” (Surah al-Maidah; 3 The scholars concerned maintain that the meaning of the verse, revealed during the Final Pilgrimage, implies the completion of the revelation. However, other scholars explain that that verse marked only the end of the verses with legal significance (i.e. Pronouncing something to be halal or haram), while revelation on other topics such as reminders of the Day of Judgment continued until nine days before the Prophet’s death. “And fear the day when you shall be brought back to Allah (SWT). Then shall every soul be paid what it earned and none shall be dealt with unjustly.”Some suggest all three verses may have been revealed on that occasion. Some Muslim scholars believe that the last revelation was; 278. O you who believe! Be afraid of Allah and give up what remains (due to you) from Riba (usury) (from now onward), if you are (really) believers.281. And be afraid of the Day when you shall be brought back to Allah. Then every person shall be paid what he earned, and they shall not be dealt with unjustly.282. O you who believe! When you contract a debt for a fixed period, write it down. Let a scribe write it down in justice between you. Let not the scribe refuses to write as Allah has taught him, so let him write. Let him (the debtor) who incurs the liability dictate, and he must fear Allah, his Lord, and diminish not anything of what he owes. But if the debtor is of poor understanding, or weak, or is unable himself to dictate, then let his guardian dictate in justice. And get two witnesses out of your own men. And if there are not two men (available), then a man and two women, such as you agree for witnesses, so that if one of them (two women) errs, the other can remind her. And the witnesses should not refuse when they are called on (for evidence). You should not become weary to write it (your contract), whether it be small or big, for its fixed term, that is more just with Allah; more solid as evidence, and more convenient to prevent doubts among yourselves, save when it is a present trade which you carry out on the spot among yourselves, then there is no sin on you if you do not write it down. But take witnesses whenever you make a commercial contract. Let neither scribe nor witness suffer any harm, but if you do (such harm); it would be wickedness in you. So be afraid of Allah and Allah teaches you. And Allah is the All-Knower of each and everything. (Surah Al-Baqarah;278, 281-282) .

Which verses of Qur’an worthy of recitation over and over again mentioned in the Qur’an? Surah Al-Fatiha;. “We have given you seven verses that are worthy of recitation over and over again”  (Surah Hajr 15;87).

Who alone has the right to be worshipped? Allah, the Exalted alone has the right to be worshipped- Worship and obedience is for none but Allah: The Qur’an mentions “Say: ‘O people Of the Book! Come To common terms As between us and you: That we worship None but Allah; That we associate No partners with Him; That we erect not, From among ourselves, Lords and patrons Other than Allah.’ If then they turn back, Say ye: ‘Bear witness That we (at least) Are Muslims (bowing To Allah’s Will).’ (Qur’an 3:64)The Qur’an reminds us of the falsity of all alleged gods. To the worshippers of man-made objects it asks: “Worship ye that which ye have (yourselves) carved? But Allah has created you and your handwork.” (Quran 37:95-96) “Say: ‘Do ye then take (for worship) protectors other than Him, such as have no power either for good or for harm to themselves?” (Quran 13:16)The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was asked by his contemporaries about Allah. The answer came directly from God Himself in the form of a short chapter of the Quran that is considered the essence of the Unity of God or the motto of monotheism. “Say: He is Allah, the One; Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth not, nor is He begotten, and there is none like unto Him.” (Quran 112:1-4) The Quran repeats the attributes of Allah very frequently. “Allah! There is no god but He, the Living, the Self-subsisting, Eternal. No slumber can seize Him nor sleep. His are all things in the heavens and on earth. Who is there can intercede in His presence except as He permitteth? He knoweth what (appeareth to His creatures as) before or after or behind them. Nor shall they compass aught of His knowledge except as He willeth. His Throne doth extend over the heavens and the earth, and He feeleth no fatigue in guarding and preserving them for He is the Most High, the Supreme (in glory).” (Quran 2:255)

Who are  the  believers? 177. It is not Al-Birr (piety, righteousness, and each and every act of obedience to Allah, etc.) that you turn your faces towards east and (or) west (in prayers); but Al-Birr is (the quality of) the one who believes in Allah, the Last Day, the Angels, the Book, the Prophets and gives his wealth, in spite of love for it, to the kinsfolk, to the orphans, and to Al-Masakin (the poor), and to the wayfarer, and to those who ask, and to set slaves free, performs As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and gives the Zakat, and who fulfill their covenant when they make it, and who are As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.) in extreme poverty and ailment (disease) and at the time of fighting (during the battles). Such are the people of the truth and they are Al-Muttaqun . Surah Al-Baqarah;  177)  Only those are the believers who have believed in Allah and His Messenger, and afterward doubt not but strive with their wealth and their lives for the Cause of Allah. Those! They are the truthful. (Surah Al-Hujuraat; 15).

Who are Al-Mukhbitun? And (O Muhammad (PBUH) give glad tidings to the Mukhbitin [those who obey Allah (SWT) with humility and are humble from among the true believers of Islamic Monotheism] (Surah Al-Hajj;34).

Who are exempted from fasting during the month of Ramadan? Women who are menstruating or who have not fully recovered from childbirth postpone the fast until they are completely out of their given conditions. In addition, those who are ill or travelling may choose to postpone their fast. Allah (SWT), the Exalted mentions in the Qur’an “….and whosoever of you is sick or on a journey, (let him fast the same) number of other days. Allah  desireth for you ease; He desireth not hardship for you; (Surah Al-Baqarah;185) “.And as for those who can fast with difficulty, (e.g. an old man), they have (a choice either to fast or) to feed a Miskeen (poor person) (for every day) But whoever does good of his own accord, it is better for him. And that you fast, it is better for you if only you know” (Surah Al-Baqarah;184) This was a concession granted to old men and old women who are able to fast but it is difficult, so they are allowed not to observe fast, and must feed one poor person for each day; and for those who are sick or pregnant, if they fear for their children, so they are allowed not to observe fast and must feed (one poor person for each day).

Who are guarding and recording our good and bad actions/deeds? 11. For each (person), there are angels in succession, before and behind him. They guard him by the Command of Allah . Verily! Allah will not change the good condition of a people as long as they do not change their state of goodness themselves (by committing sins and by being ungrateful and disobedient to Allah. But when Allah wills a people’s punishment, there can be no turning back of it, and they will find besides Him no protector. Surah Ar-Rad;11). (Remember!) that the two receivers (recording angels) receive (each human being after he or she has attained the age of puberty), one sitting on the right and one on the left (to note his or her actions). (Surah Qaf; 17). There is no human being but has a protector over him (or her) (i.e. angels incharge of each human being guarding him, writing his good and bad deeds, etc.) Surah At-Tariq;4  (mobile phone)

Who are mentioned as garments for one another in the Qur’an? Marriage is not just a physical or emotional necessity in Islam but, in fact, a sign from Allah (SWT)! It is a relationship of mutual rights and obligations based on divine guidance. Allah (SWT) created men and women with complementary natures and, in the Qur’an; He laid out a system of laws to support harmonious interaction between the sexes. Allah (SWT), the Exalted mentions in the Qur’an “…They (your wives, O men) are a garment for you and you (men) are a garment for them…” (Qur’an 2;187). “Of His (Allah’s) signs is that He created spouses for you from yourselves so that you might find quiet of mind in them, and He put between you love and compassion.” (Surah Ar-Rum;21) Clothing provides physical protection and covers the beauty and faults of the body. Likewise, a spouse is viewed this way. Each protects the other and hides the faults and complements the characteristics of the spouse. .

Who are mentioned in the Qur’an as those who Allah (SWT) loves? Allah (SWT) loves those whoever repents and whoever is clean. Muslims are required to take care of their personal hygiene by assuring that they are well groomed, and that their bodies, clothing and surroundings are clean. It is mentioned in the Qur’an; “Truly, Allah (SWT) loves those who turn unto Him in repentance and loves those who purify themselves.” (Qur’an 2;222) .

Who are the “ruling elite” mentioned in the Qur’an? Each time messengers called their people to the religion of Allah, there has always been a section who opposed them, trying to impede their actions and causing difficulties for believers. The Qur’an tells us that these people were mainly among the ruling elite of that community. This is because of the fact that these people possess wealth, power and authority within their society. The reason for their furious opposition to the messengers of Allah is that they worry about losing this worldly power, and the influence and reputation they hold. It is stated in the Qur’an that there will be such people in every age;And likewise in every city We set up its greatest wrongdoers to plot in it. They plot against themselves alone, but they are not aware of it. (Surah  al-An’am, 123)In fact these people, too, being people created by Allah in order to reveal the superiority of believers, completely yield to the fate decreed for them by Allah. As mentioned in the Qur’an, Allah has caused the evil purposes of the schemes these people hatched to backfire on them, and has taken what they possessed when they were still in the world and has bequeathed it to the believers. Allah describes the outcome of Pharaoh’s opposition and that of his leading people, who had great power and authority in Egypt but were succeeded by the Prophet Musa (PBUH) and the believers who followed him;And We bequeathed to the people who had been oppressed the easternmost part of the land We had blessed, and its westernmost part as well. The most excellent Word of your Lord was fulfilled for the tribe of Israel on account of their steadfastness. And We utterly destroyed what Pharaoh and his people made and the buildings they constructed. (Surah  al-A’raf, 137)We expelled them [Pharaoh and his people] from gardens and springs, from treasures and a splendid situation. So it was! And We bequeathed them to the tribe of Israel. (Surah  ash-Shu’ara, 57-59)This word of Allah which is for all believers is related in another verse as follows;We wrote down in the Psalms, after the Reminder came; “It is My servants who are righteous who will inherit the earth.” (Surah  al-Anbiya, 105)On the other hand, what these leading unbelievers manners.shall meet in the Hereafter will be an inescapable and painful punishment unless they repent repent and change their manners

Who are the believers? 177. It is not Al-Birr (piety, righteousness, and each and every act of obedience to Allah, etc.) that you turn your faces towards east and (or) west (in prayers); but Al-Birr is (the quality of) the one who believes in Allah, the Last Day, the Angels, the Book, the Prophets and gives his wealth, in spite of love for it, to the kinsfolk, to the orphans, and to Al-Masakin (the poor), and to the wayfarer, and to those who ask, and to set slaves free, performs As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and gives the Zakat, and who fulfill their covenant when they make it, and who are As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.) in extreme poverty and ailment (disease) and at the time of fighting (during the battles). Such are the people of the truth and they are Al-Muttaqun . Surah Al-Baqarah;  177)  Only those are the believers who have believed in Allah and His Messenger, and afterward doubt not but strive with their wealth and their lives for the Cause of Allah. Those! They are the truthful. (Surah Al-Hujuraat; 15).

Who are the best creatures in the sight of God and what will be reward for them? God has said in the Qur’an; 5. And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allah, and worship none but Him Alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to Him), and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give Zakat; and that is the right religion. 7. Verily, those who believe [in the Oneness of Allah, and in His Messenger Muhammad (PBUH) including all obligations ordered by Islam] and do righteous good deeds, they are the best of creatures. 8. Their reward with their Lord is ‘Adn (Eden) Paradise (Gardens of Eternity), underneath which rivers flow, they will abide therein forever, Allah Well-Pleased with them, and they with Him. That is for him who fears his Lord. (Surah al-Baiyyinah 5, 7-8).

Who are the disbelievers?  5. And whosoever disbelieves in the Oneness of Allah and in all the other Articles of Faith [i.e. His (Allah’s), Angels, His Holy Books, His Messengers, the Day of Resurrection and Al Qadar (Divine Preordainments)], then fruitless is his work, and in the Hereafter he will be among the losers.  (Surah al-Maidah; 5)…151. They are in truth disbelievers. And We have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating torment.  (Surah an-Nisaa; 151) 44.  And whosoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed, such are the Kafirun (i.e. disbelievers – of a lesserdegree as they do not act on Allah’s Laws ). (Surah Al-Maidah 44) “And whosoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers.” (Surah Ale-Imran 85). “O people of the Scripture! Now Our messenger (Muhammad) has come to you, explaining to you much of that you used to hide in the Scripture, and passing over much. Indeed there has come to you a light from Allah and a plain Scripture. Wherewith Allah guides him who seeks His good pleasure unto paths of peace. He brings them out of darkness by His will into light, and guides them to a straight path. They indeed have disbelieved who say; Lo! Allah is the Messiah, son of Mary. Say; Who then has the least power against Allah if He had willed to destroy the Messiah son of Mary, and his mother and everyone on earth? And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heaven and the earth and all that is between them. He creates what He wills, and Allah is able to do all things.” (Surah Al-Ma’idah 5;15-17)”Surely they have disbelieved who say, “Allah is the Messiah, son of Mary.” But the Messiah said, “Oh Children of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.” Verily whosoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, then Allah has forbidden Paradise for him, and the fire will be his abode. And for the wrongdoers there are no helpers.” (Surah Al-Ma’idah 5;72)”Say (Muhammad), ‘Obey Allah and the Messenger, but if they turn away, then Allah does not like the disbelievers.” (Surah Ale-Imran 3;32)89. And when there came to them (the Jews), a Book (this Qur’an) from Allah confirming what is with them [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)], although aforetime they had invoked Allah (for coming of Muhammad Peace be upon him ) in order to gain victory over those who disbelieved, then when there came to them that which they had recognised, they disbelieved in it. So let the Curse of Allah be on the disbelievers.90. How bad is that for which they have sold their ownselves, that they should disbelieve in that which Allah has revealed (the Qur’an), grudging that Allah should reveal of His Grace unto whom He will of His slaves. So they have drawn on themselves wrath upon wrath. And for the disbelievers, there is disgracing torment. (Surah Al-Baqarah;  (89-90).

Who are the intimate companions and what do they do? 25. And We have assigned them (devils) intimate companions (in this world), who have made fair-seeming to them, what was before them (evil deeds which they were doing in the present worldly life and disbelief in the Reckoning and the Resurrection, etc.) and what was behind them (denial of the matters in the coming life of the Hereafter as regards punishment or reward, etc.). And the Word (i.e. the torment) is justified against them as it was justified against those who were among the previous generations of jinns and men that had passed away before them. Indeed they (all) were the losers. Surah  Fussilat v25 ).

Who are the Messengers of Firm Will [Ulul-`Azm]? They are five. Allah the Almighty mentioned them on two locations in His Glorious Qur’an; The first; in Surah Al-Ahzab that reads, “And (remember) when We took from the Prophets their covenant, and from you (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him» and from Nuh (Nuh), Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), and `Isa (Jesus) son of Maryam (Mary). We took from them a strong covenant}. (Al-Ahzab, 7) The second; in Surah Ash-Shura that reads, “He (Allah) has ordained for you the same religion (Islamic Monotheism) which He ordained for Nuh (Nuh), and that which We have revealed to you (O Muhammad (PBUH)), and that which We ordained for Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses) and `Isa (Jesus) saying . you should establish religion (i.e. to do what it orders you to do practically), and make no divisions in it (religion) (i.e. various sects in religion). Intolerable for the Mushrikun, is that (Islamic Monotheism) to which you (O Muhammad (PBUH)) call them. Allah chooses for Himself whom He wills, and guides unto Himself who turns to Him in repentance and in obedience}. (Ash-Shura, 13)

Who are the people destined to live a life of purity in the world?  97. Whoever works righteousness, whether male or female, while he (or she) is a true believer (of Islamic Monotheism) verily, to him We will give a good life (in this world with respect, contentment and lawful provision), and We shall pay them certainly a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do (i.e. Paradise in the Hereafter). (Surah al-Nahl 97).

Who are the people of truth, the God-conscious (Al-Muttaqun)? ” It is not Al-Birr (piety, righteousness, and each and every act of obedience to Allah (SWT), etc.) that you turn your faces towards east and (or) west (in prayers); but Al-Birr is (the quality of) the one who believes in Allah (SWT), the Last Day, the Angels, the Book, the Prophets and gives his wealth, in spite of love for it, to the kinsfolk, to the orphans, and to Al-Masakin (the poor), and to the wayfarer, and to those who ask, and to set slaves free, performs As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and gives the Zakat, and who fulfill their covenant when they make it, and who are As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.) in extreme poverty and ailment (disease) and at the time of fighting (during the battles). Such are the people of the truth and they are Al-Muttaqun “(Surah Al-Baqarah; 177).”.

Who are the Qasitun and what will happen to them? 15. And as for the Qasitun (disbelievers who deviated from the Right Path), they shall be firewood for Hell, Surah  Al-Jinn v15 ).

Who are the squanderers of wealth? Verily, spendthrifts are brothers of the Shayatin (devils), and the Shaitan (Devil – Satan) is ever ungrateful to his Lord. Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel; 27).

Who are the transgressors? 29. And those who guard their chastity (i.e. private parts from illegal sexual acts) . 30. Except with their wives and the (women slaves and captives) whom their right hands possess, for (then) they are not to be blamed, 31. But whosoever seeks beyond that, then it is those who are trespassers. (Surah al-Maarij 29-31.

Who are the worst creatures in sight of the God and what will be the punishment for them? 6. Verily, those who disbelieve (in the religion of Islam, the Qur’an and Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) from among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) and Al-Mushrikun will abide in the Fire of Hell. They are the worst of creatures. (Surah al-Baiyyinah 6).

Who bartered away Allah’s revelations for paltry worldly gains? The Polytheists of Makkah “They have purchased with the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah a little gain, and they hindered men from His Way; evil indeed is that which they used to do. (Surah Al-Bara’at/Surah At-Taubah; 9).

Who came to help Muslims in The Battle of Badr? The Battle of Badr is one of the greatest and most famous battles of Islam. For the first time the followers of the new faith were put into a serious test. Historically, this was the first battle fought between believers and disbelievers. In this battle, an army of only 313 humble Muslims defeated an army of 1000 well-equipped soldiers.  This was a key battle in the early days of Islam and proved to be a turning point in Islam’s struggle with its oppressive opponents, amongst them the Quraysh in Makkah.  On the 17th of Ramadan of the second year of migration (2AH or 624 CE) Quraysh descended, early in the morning, from behind the sandy mound into the desert of Badr under the leadership of Abu Jahl. When Prophet Muhammad (saw) saw them he raised his face to the sky and said; “O Allah! Quraysh are up, with pride and arrogance, to fight against You and to deny Your Prophet! Send the aid which You have promised me and destroy them today!” Prior to the Battle, the Prophet prayed immensely for Allah’s support. He would say “Oh Lord, if we are defeated, You will not be worshiped at all on Earth”.  Remember] when you asked help of your Lord, and He answered you, “Indeed, I will reinforce you with a thousand from the angels, rank after rank.” (Surah al-Anfal;9)  This prayer was not only answered, but the Battle proved pivotal in the survival of Islam until our current day. Allah has promised to grant your victory over one of the two bands (the caravan and those who had come to defend it), but you wished to fight the one that was unarmed. He sought to fulfill His promise and to annihilate the unbelievers, so that truth should triumph and falsehood be uprooted, though the wrongdoers wished otherwise. (Surah al-Anfal;7) 13. There has already been a sign for you (O Jews) in the two armies that met (in combat i.e. the battle of Badr); One was fighting in the Cause of Allah, and as for the other (they) were disbelievers. They (the believers) saw them (the disbelievers) with their own eyes twice their number (although they were thrice their number). And Allah supports with His Victory whom He pleases. Verily, in this is a lesson for those who understand. (Surah Ale-Imran;13) 123. And Allah has already made you victorious at Badr, when you were a weak little force. So fear Allah much [abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has forbidden and love Allah much, perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained] that you may be grateful.124. (Remember) when you (Muhammad ) said to the believers, “Is it not enough for you that your Lord (Allah) should help you with three thousand angels; sent down?” (Surah Ale-Imran ;123-124) Allah sent down thousands of Angels to assist the Muslims in this battle. A handful of dust in the Prophet’s hand was also transformed into a gigantic whirlwind that dispersed the enemy.“Yes, if you remain patient and conscious of Allah and the enemy come upon you [attacking] in rage, your Lord will reinforce you with five thousand angels having marks [of distinction]” ( Surah Ale-Imran; 125)

Who did not obey Allah (SWT)’s order to bow to Adam? Iblis (Satan) refused. `12. (Allah) said; “What prevented you (O Iblis) that you did not prostrate, when I commanded you?” Iblis said; “I am better than him (Adam), You created me from fire, and him You created from clay.” (Surah al-Araf; 12).

Who do the disbelievers claim fabricated the Qur’an? 8. Or say they; “He (Muhammad (PBUH) has fabricated it.” Say; “If I have fabricated it, still you have no power to support me against Allah (SWT). He knows best of what you say among yourselves concerning it (i.e. this Qur’an)! Sufficient is He for a witness between me and you! And He is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful.”Surah  Al-Ahqaf v8).

Who fears God the most? 28. And of men and Ad-Dawab (moving living creatures, beasts, etc.), and cattle, in like manner of various colours. It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allah. Verily, Allah is All-Mighty, Oft-Forgiving. (Surah Al-Fatir or Al-Mala’ikah;28).

Who gives Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  the auspicious title of Khataman Nabiyeen or Seal of the Prophets? Muhammad (PBUH)  is not the father of any man among you, but he is the Messenger of Allah  and the last (end) of the Prophets. And Allah is Ever All-Aware of everything. (Surah Al-Ahzab;40).

Who gives wealth to man? 48. And that it is He (Allah) Who gives much or a little (or gives wealth and contentment), (Surah An-Najm; 48).

Who has Allah (SWT) mentioned in the Qur’an as the best example to follow? Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an “Indeed in the Messenger of Allah (SWT) you have a good example to follow…” (Qur’an 33;21).

Who has been favored by God to all mankind as a blessing from Him? – “Indeed, Allah conferred a great favour on the believers when He sent among them a Messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves”  (Surah Aale ‘Imran 164) “Say, (O Muhammad, to mankind); If ye love Allah, follow me; Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful” (Surah Aale ‘Imraan 31)“Say, “O mankind, I am the Messenger of God to you all .…” (Surah Al-Araf 158) Now it is binding on all humans to accept him as God’s messenger and obey him, as that will lead humans to HEAVEN.“He who obeys the Messenger (Muhammad), obeys Allah; But if any turn away, We have not sent thee to watch over their (evil deeds)”  (Surah An-Nisa;80)“And We have not sent you (O Muhammad) except as a giver of glad tidings and a Warner to all mankind, but most of men know not”  (Surah Saba 28) “Those who annoy Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad) Allah has cursed them in this World and in the Hereafter, and has prepared for them a humiliating Punishment”  (Surah Al-Ahzab 57)However Christians and Jews at the time of his presence in this world did not accept him, instead they treat him as liar, and that is true even today, for them Allah says;. “And We have sent you (O Muhammad ) not but as a mercy for the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).”  (Al- Surah Ambiya 107)  108. Say (O Muhammad ); “It is revealed to me that your Ilah (God) is only one Ilah (God – Allah). Will you then submit to His Will (become Muslims and stop worshipping others besides Allah)?”Surah Al-Anbiyaa108“A party of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) wish to lead you (O Muhammad) astray. But they shall not lead astray anyone except themselves, and they perceive not.“ (Surah Aale ‘Imraan 69).

Who has been sent as a mercy to worlds? the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  (PBUH). “…And we have sent you O Muhammad (PBUH) , not but as a mercy for humankind and all that exists.” (Qur’an 21;107).

Who has mentioned in the Qur’an as the best example to follow? Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an “Indeed in the Messenger of Allah (SWT) you have a good example to follow…” (Qur’an 33;21).

Who has taken the responsibility of preserving and protecting the Qur’an from corruption? Allah (SWT)’s promise to guard the Qur’an. ‘The Qur’an is the only revelation that was recorded and preserved, word for word, as it was revealed. No change, no omission and no addition have crept into it since it was received by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) fourteen hundred years ago. All other revealed books except the Qur’an have been changed and distorted over time.  There is only one version of the Qur’an. It is the only religious book that even the critics of Islam admit was never altered since its revelation to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Scientific advancements have provided better understanding of many Qur’anic verses that appeared obscure in the past. The Qur’an accurately describes a variety of scientific facts that were discovered in the last one hundred years. This is one of the reasons that the Qur’an stands far above other religious books in its authority as a truly revealed book. “Behold, it is We ourselves who have bestowed from on high, step by step, this reminder; and, behold, it is We who shall truly guard it (from all corruption) “. (Surah al-Hijr; 9). The Words of your Lord are perfect in truthfulness and justice. No one can change His Words. He is the All-Hearing, and the All-Knowing. (Surah  al-An’am, 115)These promises of Allah are sufficient for those who believe. Yet, Allah has shown us that the Qur’an is the book of truth by including certain scientific and numerical miracles in it.The verses of the Qur’an have been preserved by Allah until today without any change. The Qur’an is and will remain, intact in its original form till the Day of Judgment.

Who have the capacity for good behaviour? 35. But none is granted it (the above quality) except those who are patient, and none is granted it except the owner of the great portion (of the happiness in the Hereafter i.e. Paradise and in this world of a high moral character).  Surah Fussilat/Surah Ha Mim As Sajdah; 35).

Who inherit the Earth? 105. And indeed We have written in Zabur (Psalms) [i.e. all the revealed Holy Books the Taurat (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel), the Qur’an] after (We have already written in) Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz (the Book, that is in the heaven with Allah (SWT), that My righteous slaves shall inherit the land (i.e. the land of Paradise).  (Surah an-Anbiyah; 105).

Who is a hypocrite? 67. The hypocrites, men and women, are from one another, they enjoin (on the people) Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief and polytheism of all kinds and all that Islam has forbidden), and forbid (people) from Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and they close their hands [from giving (spending in Allah (SWT)’s Cause) alms, etc.]. They have forgotten Allah (SWT), so He has forgotten them. Verily, the hypocrites are the Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah (SWT). Surah Al-Bara’at/Surah At-Taubah; 67 ).

Who is All Praiseworthy of the worlds? 2. All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).  (Surah Al-Fatihah;2)45. So the roots of the people who did wrong were cut off. And all the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns, and all that exists). Surah Al-An’am ;45)10. Their way of request therein will be Subhanaka Allahumma (Glory to You, O Allah!) and Salam (peace, safe from each and every evil) will be their greetings therein (Paradise)! and the close of their request will be: Al-Hamdu Lillahi Rabbil-‘Alamin [All the praises and thanks are to Allah, the Lord of’Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)]. Surah Yunus;10) 59. Say (O Muhammad ): “Praise and thanks be to Allah, and peace be on His slaves whom He has chosen (for His Message)! Is Allah better, or (all) that you ascribe as partners (to Him)?” (Of course, Allah is Better).60. Is not He (better than your gods) Who created the heavens and the earth, and sends down for you water (rain) from the sky, whereby We cause to grow wonderful gardens full of beauty and delight? It is not in your ability to cause the growth of their trees. Is there any ilah (god) with Allah? Nay, but they are a people who ascribe equals (to Him)!61. Is not He (better than your gods) Who has made the earth as a fixed abode, and has placed rivers in its midst, and has placed firm mountains therein, and has set a barrier between the two seas (of salt and sweet water).Is there any ilah (god) with Allah? Nay, but most of them know not.62. Is not He (better than your gods) Who responds to the distressed one, when he calls Him, and Who removes the evil, and makes you inheritors of the earth, generations after generations. Is there any ilah (god) with Allah? Little is that you remember!63. Is not He (better than your gods) Who guides you in the darkness of the land and the sea, and Who sends the winds as heralds of glad tidings, going before His Mercy (rain)? Is there any ilah (god) with Allah? High Exalted be Allah above all that they associate as partners (to Him)!64. Is not He (better than your so-called gods) Who originates creation, and shall thereafter repeat it, and Who provides for you from heaven and earth? Is there any ilah (god) with Allah? Say, “Bring forth your proofs, if you are truthful.”65. Say: “None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghaib (unseen) except Allah, nor can they perceive when they shall be resurrected.”66. Nay, they have no knowledge of the Hereafter. Nay, they are in doubt about it. Nay, they are blind about it.Messengers and disobeyed Allah).” 27 Surah An-Naml (59-66) 63. If you were to ask them: “Who sends down water (rain) from the sky, and gives life therewith to the earth after its death?” They will surely reply: “Allah.” Say: “All the praises and thanks be to Allah!” Nay! Most of them have no sense. 29 Surah Al-Ankabut (The Spider)25. And if you (O Muhammad ) ask them: “Who has created the heavens and the earth,” they will certainly say: “Allah.” Say: “All the praises and thanks be to Allah!” But most of them know not. 31. Surah Luqman; 25) 1. All the praises and thanks be to Allah, to Whom belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. His is all the praises and thanks in the Hereafter, and He is the All-Wise, the All-Aware. 34. Surah Saba’ ;1)182. And all the praise and thanks be to Allah, Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). Surah As-Saffaat;182)29. Allah puts forth a similitude: a (slave) man belonging to many partners (like those who worship others along with Allah) disputing with one another, and a (slave) man belonging entirely to one master, (like those who worship Allah Alone). Are those two equal in comparison? All the praises and thanks be to Allah! But most of them know not.75. And you will see the angels surrounding the Throne (of Allah) from all round, glorifying the praises of their Lord (Allah). And they (all the creatures) will be judged with truth, and it will be said. All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).” Surah Az-Zumar;29, 75)64. Allah, it is He Who has made for you the earth as a dwelling place and the sky as a canopy, and has given you shape and made your shapes good (looking) and has provided you with good things. That is Allah, your Lord, then blessed be Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)65. He is the Ever Living, La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), so invoke Him making your worship pure for Him Alone (by worshipping Him Alone, and none else, and by doing righteous deeds sincerely for Allah’s sake only, and not to show off, and not to set up rivals with Him in worship). All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). Surah Ghafir or Al-Mu’min ;64-65)36. So all the praises and thanks are to Allah, the Lord of the heavens and the Lord of the earth, and the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). Surah Al-Jathiyah; 36) 17. (He is) the Lord of the two easts (places of sunrise during early summer and early winter) and the Lord of the two wests (places of sunset during early summer and early winter). Surah Ar-Rahman ;17)40. So I swear by the Lord of all [the three hundred and sixty (360)] points of sunrise and sunset in the east and the west that surely We are Able Surah Al-Ma’arij ;70)snv

Who is Allah (SWT)? He is Allah beside Whom La Ilaha Illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the King, the Holy, the one Free from all defects, the Giver of security, the Watcher over His creatures, the All- Mighty, the Compeller, the Supreme. Glory, be to Allah! (High is He) above all that they associate as partners with Him. (Surah Al Hashr;23) He is Allah, the creator, the Inventor of all things, the Bestower of forms. To Him belong the Best Names. All that is in the heavens and the earth glorify Him. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. (Surah Al Hashr;24)“Verily! I am Allah! La ilaha illa Ana (none has the right to be worshipped but I), So worship Me, and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) for My Remembrance”. (Surah Taha;14) Allah (SWT)! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), Al-Hayyul-Qayyuum (the Ever Living the One Who sustains and protects all that exists). Neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? He Knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter. And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great. (Surah Al Baqara;255) He merges the night into the day (i.e. the decrease in the hours of the night is added to the hours of the day), and He merges the day into the night (i.e. the decrease in the hours of the day is added the hours of the night). And has subjected the sun and the moon; each runs its course for a term appointed. Such is Allah (SWT), your Lord; His is the Kingdom, And those, whom you invoke or call upon instead of Him, own not even a Qitmir (the thin membrane over the date-stone). (Surah Fatir;13) Allah (SWT) bears witness that La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), and the angels, and those having knowledge (also give this witness); (He always) maintains His creation in justice La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the All- Mighty, the All-Wise. (Surah Ale al ‘Imran;18)  Truly! Allah (SWT) is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him (Alone). This is the straight Path. ( Surah Ale al ‘Imran;51). “Say (O Muhammad), He is Allah, the Unique, the Self-Sufficient to whom eventually all take their needs. He begets not, nor was He begotten. And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him.” (the Holy Qur’an, 112)“And when My devotees ask you (O Muhammad) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed Near, I respond to the invocations of the supplicants when they call on Me. So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright.” (Surah Al Baqara;186

Who is Allah’s Wali ( Protector, guardian, supporter, helper, friend, etc. (pl. Auliya’)? A— The Wali is the one who believes in Allah, fears Him, follows His Straight Path, and follows His Messenger (PBUH). Allah (SWT) says; “No doubt! Verily, the Auliya’ of Allah, no fear shall come upon them nor shall they grieve}. (Yunus, 62) Then, He says; “Those who believed (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism), and used to fear Allah much (by abstaining from evil deeds and sins and by doing righteous deeds)}. (Yunus, 63) Allah (SWT) says; “Allah is the Wali (Protector or Guardian) of those who believe. He brings them out from darkness into light. But as for those who disbelieve, their Auliya’ (supporters and helpers) are Taghut [false deities and false leaders], they bring them out from light into darkness}. (Al-Baqarah, 257) Allah (SWT) says; “Verily, your Wali (Protector or Helper) is none other than Allah, HisMessenger, and the believers, – those who perform As -Salat, and give Zakah, and they are Raki’un34. And whosoever takes Allah, His Messenger, and those who have believed, as Protectors, then the Party of Allah will be the victorious}. (Al-Ma’idah, 55, 56) Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) says; “Verily, the household of so and so are not my Auliya’ (helpers and protectors), my Auliya’ are none but the pious people.” (Sahih Bukhari) Al-Hasan (May Allah grant him Mercy) said; Some people claimed that they love Allah, so He tried them with this verse; “Say (O Muhammad to mankind); “If you (really) love Allah then follow me, Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful}. (Al ‘Imran, 31) Imam Ash-Shafi’i (May Allah grant him Mercy) said; If you see a man walks on the surface of water, or flies in the air, don’t believe him or be i.e. those who bow down or submit themselves with obedience to Allah in Prayer. misled by him till you know (for certain) that he follows (earnestly) Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

Who is allowed to marry a concubine and when?  25. And whoever of you have not the means wherewith to wed free, believing women, they may wed believing girls from among those (captives and slaves) whom your right hands possess, and Allah (SWT) has full knowledge about your Faith, you are one from another. Wed them with the permission of their own folk (guardians, Auliya’ or masters) and give them their Mahr according to what is reasonable; they (the above said captive and slave-girls) should be chaste, not adulterous, nor taking boy-friends. And after they have been taken in wedlock, if they commit illegal sexual intercourse, their punishment is half that for free (unmarried) women. This is for him among you who is afraid of being harmed in his religion or in his body; but it is better for you that you practice self-restraint, and Allah (SWT) is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah an-Nisaa; 25).

Who is an “ignorant person” according to the Qur’an? The adjective “ignorant” as used in the Qur’an has a different meaning to what is generally understood. Ignorance expressed in the Qur’an means being unaware of the reason for one’s creation, being unaware of the exalted attributes of our Creator Allah and the knowledge and wisdom contained in the Book which He has sent down, and being unaware of matters concerning the Hereafter and as a result of this ignorance adopting an unconscious life style.The “ignorance” of people who do not accept Allah as the only true god and who do not follow the way He has sent with His messengers, is pointed out in the Qur’an as follows;They said, “Have you come to us to divert us from our gods? Bring us what you have promised us if you are telling the truth.” He said, “All knowledge is with Allah. I only transmit to you what I have been sent with. But I see that you are a people who are ignorant.” (Surah  al-Ahqaf, 22-23)

Who is an open or plain enemy to man mentioned in the Qur’an? Say, “My Lord, I seek refuge in You from the whispers of the devils. Qur’an 23;97  “And I seek refuge in You, my Lord, lest they come near me.” Qur’an 23;98] The Most Merciful educates us about our enemies. Detailing the traits and the behavioral patterns of Satan, his descendants, and all of his followers in Qur’an shows us how God insists to enlighten us and warn us against the harm of these entities and of associating ourselves with them. Only the intelligent would take heed (2;269) and only the believers would reverence God’s warnings(50;45) and benefit from His reminders (51;55). 53. And say to My slaves (i.e. the true believers of Monotheism) Islamic that they should (only) say those words that are the best. (Because) Shaitan (Satan) verily, sows disagreements among them. Surely, Shaitan (Satan) is to man a plain enemy. (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel; 53).168. O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and good on the earth, and follow not the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan). Verily, he is to you an open enemy.169. [Shaitan (Satan)] commands you only what is evil and Fahsha (sinful), and that you should say against Allah (SWT) what you know not. Surah Al-Baqarah; 208. O you who believe! Enter perfectly in Islam (by obeying all the rules and regulations of the Islamic religion) and follow not the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan). Verily! He is to you a plain enemy. Surah Al-Baqarah; 208)16. (Their allies deceived them) like Shaitan (Satan), when he says to man; “Disbelieve in Allah (SWT).” But when (man) disbelieves in Allah (SWT), Shaitan (Satan) says; “I am free of you, I fear Allah (SWT), the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)!” Surah Al-Hashr 16) 62. And let not Shaitan (Satan) hinder you (from the right religion, i.e. Islamic Monotheism), Verily, he (Satan) to you is a plain enemy. Surah Az-Zukhruf; 62) 36. And whosoever turns away (blinds himself) from the remembrance of the Most Beneficent (Allah (SWT) (i.e. this Qur’an and worship of Allah (SWT), We appoint for him Shaitan (Satan – devil) to be a Qarin (an intimate companion) to him. Surah Az-Zukhruf; 36).

Who is creator of all that exists? 59. And with Him are the keys of the Ghaib (all that is hidden), none knows them but He. And He knows whatever there is in (or on) the earth and in the sea; not a leaf falls, but he knows it. There is not a grain in the darkness of the earth nor anything fresh or dry, but is written in a Clear Record. 60. It is He, Who takes your souls by night (when you are asleep), and has knowledge of all that you have done by day, then he raises (wakes) you up again that a term appointed (your life period) be fulfilled, then in the end unto Him will be your return. Then He will inform you what you used to do (Surah Al-An’am;59-60) 1. Read! In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists),2. Has created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood).3. Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous,4. Who has taught (the writing) by the pen [the first person to write was Prophet Idrees (Enoch)],5. Has taught man that which he knew not.6. Nay! Verily, man does transgress all bounds (in disbelief and evil deed, etc.).7. Because he considers himself self-sufficient.8. Surely! Unto your Lord is the return. (Surah Al-Alaq;1-8) 1. Whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth glorifies Allah, and He is the All-Mighty, All-Wise.2. His is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, It is He Who gives life and causes death; and He is Able to do all things.3. He is the First (nothing is before Him) and the Last (nothing is after Him), the Most High (nothing is above Him) and the Most Near (nothing is nearer than Him). And He is the All-Knower of every thing. (Surah Al-Hadid;1-3)  1. In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.  2. All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).  3. The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.  4. The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)  5. You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).  6. Guide us to the Straight Way 7. The Way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace, not (the way) of those who earned Your Anger (such as the Jews), nor of those who went astray.  (Surah Al-Fatihah;1-7) 26. Say (O Muhammad ); “O Allah! Possessor of the kingdom, You give the kingdom to whom You will, and You take the kingdom from whom You will, and You endue with honour whom You will, and You humiliate whom You will. In Your Hand is the good. Verily, You are Able to do all things.27. You make the night to enter into the day, and You make the day to enter into the night (i.e. increase and decrease in the hours of the night and the day during winter and summer), You bring the living out of the dead, and You bring the dead out of the living. And You give wealth and sustenance to whom You will, without limit (measure or account). (Surah Ale-Imran;26-27) 255. Allah! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter . And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great. [This Verse 2;255 is called Ayat-ul-Kursi.] (Surah Al-Baqara;255) 190. Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, there are indeed signs for men of understanding.191. Those who remember Allah (always, and in prayers) standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides, and think deeply about the creation of the heavens and the earth, (saying); “Our Lord! You have not created (all) this without purpose, glory to You! (Exalted be You above all that they associate with You as partners). Give us salvation from the torment of the Fire. (Surah Ale-Imran190-191) 43. Glorified and High be He! From ‘Uluwan Kabira (the great falsehood) that they say! (i.e.forged statements that there are other gods along with Allah, but He is Allah, the One, the Self-Sufficient Master, whom all creatures need. He begets not, nor was He begotten, and there is none comparable or coequal unto Him).44. The seven heavens and the earth and all that is therein, glorify Him and there is not a thing but glorifies His Praise. But you understand not their glorification. Truly, He is Ever Forbearing, Oft-Forgiving. (Surah Al-Asraa;43-44) 103. No vision can grasp Him, but His Grasp is over all vision. He is the Most Subtle and Courteous, Well-Acquainted with all things. (Surah Al-An’am;103) 12. And indeed We created man (Adam) out of an extract of clay (water and earth).13. Thereafter We made him (the offspring of Adam) as a Nutfah (mixed drops of the male and female sexual discharge) (and lodged it) in a safe lodging (womb of the woman).14. Then We made the Nutfah into a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood), then We made the clot into a little lump of flesh, then We made out of that little lump of flesh bones, then We clothed the bones with flesh, and then We brought it forth as another creation. So blessed be Allah, the Best of creators.15. After that, surely, you will die.16. Then (again), surely, you will be resurrected on the Day of Resurrection.17. And indeed We have created above you seven heavens (one over the other), and We are never unaware of the creation.18. And We sent down from the sky water (rain) in (due) measure, and We gave it lodging in the earth, and verily, We are Able to take it away.19. Then We brought forth for you therewith gardens of date-palms and grapes, wherein is much fruit for you, and whereof you eat.20. And a tree (olive) that springs forth from Mount Sinai, that grows oil, and (it is a) relish for the eaters.21. And Verily! In the cattle there is indeed a lesson for you. We give you to drink (milk) of that which is in their bellies. And there are, in them, numerous (other) benefits for you, and of them you eat.22. And on them, and on ships you are carried. (Surah Al-Muminun;12-22) 30. Have not those who disbelieve known that the heavens and the earth were joined together as one united piece, then We parted them? And We have made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?31. And We have placed on the earth firm mountains, lest it should shake with them, and We placed therein broad highways for them to pass through, that they may be guided.32. And We have made the heaven a roof, safe and well guarded. Yet they turn away from its signs (i.e. sun, moon, winds, clouds, etc.).33. And He it is Who has created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon, each in an orbit floating.(Surah Al-Anbiyaa;30-33 ) 60. Is not He (better than your gods) Who created the heavens and the earth, and sends down for you water (rain) from the sky, whereby We cause to grow wonderful gardens full of beauty and delight? It is not in your ability to cause the growth of their trees. Is there any ilah (god) with Allah? Nay, but they are a people who ascribe equals (to Him)!61. Is not He (better than your gods) Who has made the earth as a fixed abode, and has placed rivers in its midst, and has placed firm mountains therein, and has set a barrier between the two seas (of salt and sweet water).Is there any ilah (god) with Allah? Nay, but most of them know not.62. Is not He (better than your gods) Who responds to the distressed one, when he calls Him, and Who removes the evil, and makes you inheritors of the earth, generations after generations. Is there any ilah (god) with Allah? Little is that you remember!63. Is not He (better than your gods) Who guides you in the darkness of the land and the sea, and Who sends the winds as heralds of glad tidings, going before His Mercy (rain)? Is there any ilah (god) with Allah? High Exalted be Allah above all that they associate as partners (to Him)!64. Is not He (better than your so-called gods) Who originates creation, and shall thereafter repeat it, and Who provides for you from heaven and earth? Is there any ilah (god) with Allah? Say, “Bring forth your proofs, if you are truthful.” (Surah An-Naml;60-64) 35. Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The parable of His Light is as (if there were) a niche and within it a lamp, the lamp is in glass, the glass as it were a brilliant star, lit from a blessed tree, an olive, neither of the east (i.e. neither it gets sun-rays only in the morning) nor of the west (i.e. nor it gets sun-rays only in the afternoon, but it is exposed to the sun all day long), whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself), though no fire touched it. Light upon Light! Allah guides to His Light whom He wills. And Allah sets forth parables for mankind, and Allah is All-Knower of everything. 35. Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The parable of His Light is as (if there were) a niche and within it a lamp, the lamp is in glass, the glass as it were a brilliant star, lit from a blessed tree, an olive, neither of the east (i.e. neither it gets sun-rays only in the morning) nor of the west (i.e. nor it gets sun-rays only in the afternoon, but it is exposed to the sun all day long), whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself), though no fire touched it. Light upon Light! Allah guides to His Light whom He wills. And Allah sets forth parables for mankind, and Allah is All-Knower of everything. ( Surah An-Nur;35) 41. See you not (O Muhammad ) that Allah, He it is Whom glorify whosoever is in the heavens and the earth, and the birds with wings out-spread (in their flight). Of each one He (Allah) knows indeed his Salat (prayer) and his glorification, [or everyone knows his Salat (prayer) and his glorification], and Allah is All-Aware of what they do.42. And to Allah belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth, and to Allah is the return (of all).( Surah An-Nur;41-42) 17. So glorify Allah [above all that (evil) they associate with Him (O believers)], when you come up to the evening [i.e. offer the (Maghrib) sunset and (‘Isha’) night prayers], and when you enter the morning [i.e offer the (Fajr) morning prayer].18. And His is all the praises and thanks in the heavens and the earth, and (glorify Him) in the afternoon (i.e. offer ‘Asr prayer) and when you come up to the time, when the day begins to decline (i.e offer Zuhr prayer). (Ibn ‘Abbas said; “These are the five compulsory congregational prayers mentioned in the Qur’an).”19. He brings out the living from the dead, and brings out the dead from the living. And He revives the earth after its death. And thus shall you be brought out (resurrected).20. And among His Signs is this, that He created you (Adam) from dust, and then [Hawwa’ (Eve) from Adam’s rib, and then his offspring from the semen, and], – behold you are human beings scattered!21. And among His Signs is this, that He created for you wives from among yourselves, that you may find repose in them, and He has put between you affection and mercy. Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people who reflect.22. And among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the difference of your languages and colours. Verily, in that are indeed signs for men of sound knowledge.23. And among His Signs is the sleep that you take by night and by day, and your seeking of His Bounty. Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people who listen.24. And among His Signs is that He shows you the lightning, by way of fear and hope, and He sends down water (rain) from the sky, and therewith revives the earth after its death. Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people who understand.(Surah Ar-Rum;17-24) 4. Allah it is He Who has created the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them in six Days. Then He Istawa (rose over) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). You (mankind) have none, besides Him, as a Wali (protector or helper etc.) or an intercessor. Will you not then remember (or be admonished)?5. He arranges (every) affair from the heavens to the earth, then it (affair) will go up to Him, in one Day, the space whereof is a thousand years of your reckoning (i.e. reckoning of our present world’s time). (Surah As-Sajda;4-5) 7. Have you not seen that Allah knows whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth? There is no Najwa (secret counsel) of three, but He is their fourth (with His Knowledge, while He Himself is over the Throne, over the seventh heaven), nor of five but He is their sixth (with His Knowledge), not of less than that or more, but He is with them (with His Knowledge) wheresoever they may be; and afterwards on the Day of Resurrection, He will inform them of what they did. Verily, Allah is the All-Knower of everything.(Surah Al-Mujadilah;7) 22. He is Allah, than Whom there is La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen (open). He is the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.23. He is Allah than Whom there is La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) the King, the Holy, the One Free from all defects, the Giver of security, the Watcher over His creatures, the All-Mighty, the Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allah! (High is He) above all that they associate as partners with Him.24. He is Allah, the Creator, the Inventor of all things, the Bestower of forms. To Him belong the Best Names . All that is in the heavens and the earth glorify Him. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.(Surah Al-Hashr 22-24) 63. Tell Me! The seed that you sow in the ground.64. Is it you that make it grow, or are We the Grower?65. Were it Our Will, We could crumble it to dry pieces, and you would be regretful (or left in wonderment).66. (Saying); “We are indeed Mughramun (i.e. ruined or lost the money without any profit, or punished by the loss of all that we spend for cultivation, etc.)! [See Tafsir Al-Qurtubi, Vol. 17, Page 219]67. “Nay, but we are deprived!”68. Tell Me! The water that you drink.69. Is it you who cause it from the rainclouds to come down, or are We the Causer of it to come down?70. If We willed, We verily could make it salt (and undrinkable), why then do you not give thanks (to Allah)?71. Tell Me! The fire which you kindle,72. Is it you who made the tree thereof to grow, or are We the Grower?73. We have made it a Reminder (for the Hell-fire, in the Hereafter); and an article of use for the travellers (and all the others, in this world). (Surah Al-Waqi’a;63-73).

Who is mentioned in the Qur’an as those who Allah (SWT) does not love? A Muslim pays due attention to his body’s physical needs taking good care of it and promoting its good health and strength. He does this by being active and not eating excessively. Rather, he eats enough to maintain his health and energy because he understands that a strong believer is more loved by God than a weak believer. The Prophet (PBUH) said; “Indeed a strong believer is more beloved to God than a weak believer. In both of them are good virtues.” Allah (SWT), the Almighty, says; “31. O Children of Adam! Take your adornment (by wearing your clean clothes), while praying and going round (the Tawaf of) the Ka’bah, and eat and drink but waste not by extravagance, certainly He (Allah (SWT) likes not Al-Musrifun (those who waste by extravagance).” (Surah al-Araf;31) .

Who is mentioned in the Qur’an, who has the right to be worshiped? Almighty Allah (SWT), Qur’an mentions; “Verily! I am Allah! None has the right to be worshipped but I, so worship Me…” (Qur’an 20;14).

Who is recording our good or bad deeds? There is no human being but has a protector over him (or her) (i.e. angels incharge of each human being guarding him, writing his good and bad deeds, etc.) Surah At-Tariq;4  mobile phone

Who is Satan? Satan is a creature from the world of the Jinn. The Jinn are a creation of God made from fire. They are separate and different from both the Angels and mankind; however, like mankind, they possess the power of reason and can choose between good and evil. The Jinn existed before the creation of Adam and Satan was the most righteous among them, so much so that he was elevated to a high position amongst the Angels. Allah (SWT) says; “28. And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels; “I am going to create a man (Adam) from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud.29.”So, when I have fashioned him completely and breathed into him (Adam) the soul which I created for him, then fall (you) down prostrating yourselves unto him.”30. So, the angels prostrated themselves, all of them together.31. Except Iblis (Satan), – he refused to be among the prostrators.32. (Allah) said; “O Iblis (Satan)! What is your reason for not being among the prostrators?”33. [Iblis (Satan)] said; “I am not the one to prostrate myself to a human being, whom You created from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud.”34. (Allah) said; “Then, get out from here, for verily, you are Rajim (an outcast or a cursed one).” 35. “And verily, the curse shall be upon you till the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection).” (Surah Al-Hijr; The 28-35)..

Who is termed as the best of the creations? Those who believe in Allah (SWT) and do righteous deeds are the best of creations – Those who believe in One Unique Allah (SWT), without partners or offspring, and do righteous deeds become the crown of creation. That is, although humankind is not the greatest creation of God, they have the potential to become the best of His creation. In the final revelation, God states this fact as follows; “Surely, those who believe and do righteous deeds are the best of creation.” (Qur’an 98;7) ).

Who is the author of the Qur’an? Allah (SWT). The authenticity of the Qur’an is established in several ways. The most important way we can be sure that the Qur’an is authentic is the fact that when God revealed the Qur’an, He promised to preserve it. Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an “It is We Who has sent down the remembrance (i.e. the Qur’an) and surely, We will guard it from corruption.” (Qur’an 15;9) “And We have sent down to you (O Muhammad (PBUH) the Book (this Qur’an) in truth, confirming the Scripture that came before it and trustworthy in highness and a witness over it (old Scriptures).” (Qur’an  5;48) “And We have sent down to you the Book (the Qur’an) as an exposition of everything, guidance, a mercy, and glad tidings for those who have submitted themselves.” (Qur’an 16;89) “… Had it (the Qur’an) been from any other than Allah (SWT), they would have found therein many discrepancies.” (Qur’an 4;82) ).

Who is the best amongst the companions of the Prophet (PBUH) in general? The best amongst them were the foremost to embrace Islam of the Muhajirun (those who migrated from Makkah to Al-Madinah) and the Ansar (the citizens of Al-Madinah who helped and gave aid to the Muhajirun), then the people of Badr, then Uhud, then the Pledge of Ar-Ridwan, etc. Allah (SWT) says; “Not equal among you are those who spent and fought before the conquering (of Makkah, with those among you who did so later). Such are higher in degree than those who spent and fought . afterwards. But to all Allah has promised the best (reward)}. (AlHadid, 10)

Who is the creator of everything? Allah (SWT), the Exalted is the creator of everything – The act of creation is a consequence of the divine attribute of being the Creator. God describes Himself as the Creator in a variety of verses throughout the final revelation to emphasize to humankind that everything belongs to Him alone. “Allah is the Creator of all things and He is the Guardian and Disposer of all affairs”. (Surah Al-Baqara102) “And Allah created you all and whatever you do.” (Surah As-Saffat;96) “Allah created the heavens and the earth from nothing” (Surah Al-An’am;101) The Originator of the heavens and the earth! When He decreeth a thing, He saith unto it only; Be! And it is. (Surah Al-Baqara;117) Allah, it is he Who has made for you the earth as a dwelling place and the sky as a canopy and has given you shape and made your shapes good (looking) and has provided you with good things. That is Allah, your Lord; so blessed be Allah, the Lord of the Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists). (Surah Ghafir, 40;64) He created you (all) from a single person (Adam) then made from him his wife (Eve). and He has sent down for you of cattle eight pairs of the sheep for two male and female, the goats for two, male and female, the cow for two male and female and the camels for two male and female. He creates you in the wombs of your mothers; creation after creation in there veils of darkness. Such is Allah your Lord His is the Kingdom. La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but Him). How then are you turned away? (Surah Az Zumur, 39;6) Indeed your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and then He rose over (Istawa) the Throne (really in manner that suits His Majesty). He brings the night as a cover over the day, seeking it rapidly, and He created the sun, the moon, the stars subjected to His Command. Surely, His is the Creation and Commandment. Blessed is Allah, the Lord of the Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists)! (Surah al-Araf;54) Such is Allah, your Lord in truth. So after the truth, what else can there be, save error. How then are you turned away? (Surah Yunus, 32) )

Who is the group meant by the Prophet (PBUH) in the following Hadith; “A group of people from my Ummah will continue to obey Allah’s Command, and those who desert or oppose them shall not be able to do them any harm. They will be dominating the people until Allah’s Command is executed (i.e. Resurrection is established.”? This group is the one who will survive from among the seventy-three religious sects as given exception by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in his saying; “All of which will enter Hell-fire except one which is the lama’ ah (main body of Muslims who rightly follow Allah and the Sunnah of the Prophet). ” (Sahih Muslim) In another narration, “All in Hell, except one, and that one is; on which I and my companions are today, i.e. following the Qur’an and the Prophet’s Sunnah.” (Sahih Muslim) We ask Allah the Almighty to make us from among them. Our Lord! Let not our hearts deviate (from the truth) after You have guided us, and grant us mercy from You. Truly, You are the Bestower! “Glorified is your Lord, the Lord of Honor and Power! (He is free) from what they attribute unto Him! And peace be on the Messengers! And all the praises and thanks are to Allah, Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists)}. (As-Saffat, 180-182)

Who is the last (seal) of the Prophets? What is the textual proof of this? Allah (SWT) decreed that the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  would be His final messenger. 144. Muhammad (PBUH) is no more than a Messenger, and indeed (many) Messengers have passed away before him. If he dies or is killed, will you then turn back on your heels (as disbelievers)? And he who turns back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah, and Allah will give reward to those who are grateful. (Surah Ale-Imran 144). AIlah the Almighty says; “Muhammad (PBUH) is not the father of any of your men, but he is the Messenger of Allah and the last (end) of the Prophets. And Allah is Ever All-Aware of everything}. (Surah Al-Ahzab; 40) The Prophet (PBUH) says; “Surely after me, there would arise about thirty impostors, liars, and each one of them would claim that he is a messenger of Allah. And, I am the last (end) of the Prophets. There will be no Prophet after me.” (Sahih Muslim)

Who is the man about whom, Allah (SWT) has said in the Qur’an that his body is kept as an admonishing example for future generations to come?  The Biblical version of Pharaoh’s story states that he was drowned in the pursuit of Prophet Moses (Exodus 14;28-29). Unknown to the world till only of late, the Holy Qur’an made a definite prediction about the preservation of the body of that same Pharaoh of Moses’ time “90. And We took the Children of Israel across the sea, and Fir’aun (Pharaoh) with his hosts followed them in oppression and enmity, till when drowning overtook him, he said; “I believe that La ilaha illa (Huwa); (none has the right to be worshipped but) He,” in Whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am one of the Muslims (those who submit to Allah’s Will).”91. Now (you believe) while you refused to believe before and you were one of the Mufsidun (evil-doers, corrupts, etc.).92. So this day We shall deliver your (dead) body (out from the sea) that you may be a sign to those who come after you! And verily, many among mankind are heedless of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs , revelations, etc.).” (Surah Yunus; 90-92). The body was discovered in the tomb of Amenhotep II in 1898. Those who seek among modern data, says Maurice Bucaille, for proof of the veracity of the Holy Scripture will find a magnificent illustration of the verses of the Qur’an dealing with the Phraoh’s body by visiting the Royal Mummies Room of the Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Egypt.

Who is the only female mentioned in the Qur’an?  Mariyam, the virgin, she is the mother of  Isa (AS) 12. And Maryam (Mary), the daughter of ‘Imran who guarded her chastity; and We breathed into (the sleeve of her shirt or her garment) through Our Ruh[i.e. Jibrael (Gabriel)], and she testified to the truth of the Words of her Lord [i.e. believed in the Words of Allah; “Be!” and he was; that is ‘Iesa (Jesus) – son of Maryam (Mary); as a Messenger of Allah], and (also believed in) His Scriptures, and she was of the Qanitin (i.e. obedient to Allah). (Surah At-Tahrim (12) 91. And (remember) she who guarded her chastity [Virgin Maryam (Mary)], We breathed into (the sleeves of) her (shirt or garment) [through Our Ruh – Jibrael (Gabriel)], and We made her and her son [‘Iesa (Jesus)] a sign for Al-‘Alamin (the mankind and jinns). (Surah Al-Anbiyah’ 91) 42. And (remember) when the angels said; “O Maryam (Mary)! Verily, Allah has chosen you, purified you (from polytheism and disbelief), and chosen you above the women of the ‘Alamin (mankind and jinns) (of her lifetime).” Surah Ale-Imran 42. ).

Who is the prophet mercy for all the worlds according to the Qur’an? Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the best role model for all humankind. Among his outstanding virtues and characteristics, he was an extraordinary husband, a perfect father, and a unique grandfather. He was also a great statesman, judge, and spiritual leader. His most distinctive quality, however, was the fact that he was a blessing to all in both word and deed. He infused justice, love, and dignity in all those around him. He spread the power of brotherhood to the extent that it became exceptional in human history. Affirming that these grand virtues were bestowed on him by Allah the Almighty and that He prepared His loyal messenger to call for the true religion, is part of one’s belief. The Qur’an describes the Prophet (PBUH) as merciful and kind to the believers. Allah (SWT) says, ”Now hath come unto you a Messenger from amongst yourselves; it grieves him that ye should perish; ardently anxious is he over you; to the Believers is he most kind and merciful.)  (Surah At-Tawbah; 128) The Prophet Muhammad is introduced in the Qur’an in these words; [Allah  (SWT) says in the Qur’an; 107. And We have sent you (O Muhammad ) not but as a mercy for the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). (Surah Al-Anbiyah’; 107) This shows that his distinctive quality was that he was a blessing incarnate in word and deed. His heart was filled with intense love for all human kind irrespective of caste, creed, or color. Once he advised his Companions to regard all people as their brothers and sisters. He added, “You are all Adam’s offspring and Adam was born of clay.” Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the Prophet of mercy, sent by God as a mercy to all mankind; believers, non-believers, and hypocrites. His mercy sheltered all humanity; men, women and children. Muhammad (PBUH) was merciful to all creatures including animals and birds. God almighty describes Muhammad’s pity, kindness, and mercy to all the creatures;

Who is the ultimate source of life and success? Say (O Muhammad (PBUH); “I possess no power of benefit or hurt to myself except as Allah wills. If I had the knowledge of the Ghaib (unseen), I should have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have touched me. I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings unto people who believe (Surah al-Araf;188) and 126. Allah made it not but as a message of good news for you and as an assurance to your hearts. And there is no victory except from Allah, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. (Surah Ale-Imran 126) 18. And if you would count the graces of Allah (SWT), never could you be able to count them. Truly! Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Surah an-Nahl; 18)  31. Say (O Muhammad to mankind); “If you (really) love Allah then follow me (i.e. accept Islamic Monotheism, follow the Qur’an and the Sunnah), Allah will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allah is oft–forgiving, most merciful (Surah Ale-Imran 31 ).

Who is True believer in the Qur’an?  63. And the slaves of the Most Beneficent (Allah) are those who walk on the earth in humility and sedateness, and when the foolish address them (with bad words) they reply back with mild words of gentleness.64. And those who spend the night before their Lord, prostrate and standing. 65. And those who say; “Our Lord! Avert from us the torment of Hell. Verily! Its torment is ever an inseparable, permanent punishment.”66. Evil indeed it (Hell) is as an abode and as a place to dwell.67. And those, who, when they spend, are neither extravagant nor niggardly, but hold a medium (way) between those (extremes).68. And those who invoke not any other ilah (god) along with Allah, nor kill such life as Allah has forbidden, except for just cause, nor commit illegal sexual intercourse and whoever does this shall receive the punishment.69. The torment will be doubled to him on the Day of Resurrection, and he will abide therein in disgrace;70. Except those who repent and believe (in Islamic Monotheism), and do righteous deeds, for those, Allah will change their sins into good deeds, and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.71. And whosoever repents and does righteous good deeds, then verily, he repents towards Allah with true repentance.72. And those who do not witness falsehood, and if they pass by some evil play or evil talk, they pass by it with dignity.73. And those who, when they are reminded of the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of their Lord, fall not deaf and blind thereat.74. And those who say; “Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and our offspring who will be the comfort of our eyes, and make us leaders for theMuttaqun” (pious – see V.2;2 and the footnote of V.3;164).”75. Those will be rewarded with the highest place (in Paradise) because of their patience. Therein they shall be met with greetings and the word of peace and respect.76. Abiding therein; excellent it is as an abode, and as a place to dwell. (Surah Al-Furqan 63-76) 15. Only those are the believers who have believed in Allah and His Messenger, and afterward doubt not but strive with their wealth and their lives for the Cause of Allah. Those! They are the truthful. (Surah Al-Hujuraat 15) 35. Verily, the Muslims (those who submit to Allah in Islam) men and women, the believers men and women (who believe in Islamic Monotheism), the men and the women who are obedient (to Allah), the men and women who are truthful (in their speech and deeds), the men and the women who are patient (in performing all the duties which Allah has ordered and in abstaining from all that Allah has forbidden), the men and the women who are humble (before their Lord Allah), the men and the women who give Sadaqat (i.e. Zakat, and alms, etc.), the men and the women who observe Saum (fast) (the obligatory fasting during the month of Ramadan, and the optional Nawafil fasting), the men and the women who guard their chastity (from illegal sexual acts) and the men and the women who remember Allah much with their hearts and tongues (while sitting, standing, lying, etc. for more than 300 times extra over the remembrance of Allah during the five compulsory congregational prayers) or praying extra additional Nawafil prayers of night in the last part of night, etc.) Allah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward (i.e. Paradise). (Surah Al-Ahzab 35) “And whoever does righteous good deeds, male or female, and is a true believer in the Oneness of God, such will enter paradise; and not the least injustice, even to the size of a speck on the back of a date stone, will be done to them.” (Surah an-Nisaa; 124).

Who makes fetus laugh and weep?  In a very significant verse Allah (SWT) says about himself; “And that He it is who maketh laugh, and maketh weep,” (Surah Al-Najm 43) this verse contains a very nice scientific indication about the lately-discovered fact that foetus has facial expressions while he is in his mother’s womb, without being taught to do so. Pioneering scanning techniques have produced astonishing images from inside the womb which show babies apparently smiling and crying. Up to now, doctors did not think infants made such expressions until after birth and believed they learned to smile by copying their mother. Babies do not normally smile after birth until they are about six weeks old. And at these emotions, an essential question must be asked, if the foetus is still in his mother’s womb and it did not see the light yet, it did not see its mother cry or smile, then who taught this foetus to cry and who taught it to smile? But the answer comes from the holy Qur’an as Allah (SWT) says “And that He it is who maketh laugh, and maketh weep,” (Qur’an 53;43). Allah (SWT) is one who makes embryos smile and it is the one who makes them weep. The advance in science does not only coincide with Qur’an, but also the holy Qur’an answers the questions that confuse scientists. This verse is a strong indication to all people that the one gives us the ability to laugh and cry is Allah (SWT). But if we can think of our ability to laugh is favor from God to us, how could our ability to cry be also a favor from God? Smiles, relief, congratulations and applause do not start when a child is born – they start when it cries.  Without crying, the room becomes increasingly silent and the mood increasingly apprehensive; and for good reason – crying is a very positive sign of a new, healthy life.  So it is a great blessing of Allah  (SWT) to give us the ability to laugh and cry. ).

Who might be our enemies and take us away from Islam? 14. O you who believe! Verily, among your wives and your children there are enemies for you (i.e. may stop you from the obedience of Allah (SWT), therefore beware of them! But if you pardon (them) and overlook, and forgive (their faults), then verily, Allah (SWT) is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. Surah  At-Taghabun v14 ).

Who originated the darkness and the light? “All praises and thanks be to Allah (SWT), Who (Alone) created the heavens and the earth, and originated the darkness and the light;” (Surah Al-An’âm 6;1).Allah (STW) describes this saying, “By the sun and its brightness.1. By the moon as it follows it (the sun). 2. By the day as it shows up (the sun’s) brightness.3.” (Surah Ash-Shams;1-3).He indicates the delicacy of daytime layer by saying, “And a sign for them is the night. We withdraw there from the day, and behold, they are in darkness.” (Surah Yâ-Sîn; 37). Allah (SWT) says also, “Allah, it is He Who has made the night for you that you may rest therein and the day for you to see. …” (Surah Ghâfîr 61). He mentioned darkness as plural owning to its vastness and prevalence in the universe. On the other hand, He made light singular for its specialty and limited source in life. Those are facts that were not realized except in the late twentieth century. Those facts being mentioned in a book revealed more than 14 centuries ago to an illiterate Prophet (S) and in an ignorant nation, are a clear proof that the Qur’an is the words of Allah (SWT); The Creator. It proves also that the seal Prophet who received the Qur’an was in touch through the revelation and was taught by The Creator of the heavens and the earth..

Who plotted to kill  Jesus?  Jews plotted to kill  Jesus,  when ‘Iesa (Jesus) came to know of their disbelief, he said; “Who will be my helpers in Allah’s Cause?” Al-Hawariun (the disciples) said; “We are the helpers of Allah; we believe in Allah, and bear witness that we are Muslims (i.e. we submit to Allah).”53. Our Lord! We believe in what You have sent down, and we follow the Messenger [‘Iesa (Jesus)]; so write us down among those who bear witness (to the truth i.e. La ilaha ill-Allah – none has the right to be worshipped but Allah).54. And they (disbelievers) plotted [to kill ‘Iesa (Jesus)], and Allah planned too. And Allah is the Best of the planners. 55. And (remember) when Allah said; “O ‘Iesa (Jesus)! I will take you and raise you to Myself and clear you [of the forged statement that ‘Iesa (Jesus) is Allah’s son] of those who disbelieve, and I will make those who follow you (Monotheists, who worship none but Allah) superior to those who disbelieve [in the Oneness of Allah, or disbelieve in some of His Messengers, e.g. Muhammad , ‘Iesa (Jesus), Musa (Moses), etc., or in His Holy Books, e.g. the Taurat (Torah), the Injeel Gospel), the Qur’an] till the Day of Resurrection. Then you will return to Me and I will judge between you in the matters in which you used to dispute.” (Surah Ale-Imran; 52-55)

Who sends salat on the Prophet (Muhammad (PBUH)? “Allah sends His Salat (Graces, Honours, Blessings, Mercy, etc.) on the Prophet (Muhammad (PBUH) and also His angels too (ask Allah to bless and forgive him). O you who believe! Send your Salat on (ask Allah to bless) him (Muhammad (PBUH), and (you should) greet (salute) him with the Islamic way of greeting (salutation i.e. As-Salamu ‘Alaikum) “. (Surah Al-Ahzab;56).

Who shall we invoke in time of disaster? And when they embark on a ship, they invoke Allah (SWT), making their Faith pure for Him Only; but when He brings them safely to land, behold they give a share of their worship to others. (Surah Al Ankabut;  65) And when harm touches man, he invokes Us, lying on his side, or sitting or standing. But when We have removed his harm from him, he passes on as if he had never invoked Us for a harm that touched him! Thus it is made fair-seeming to the Musrifun that which they used to do. (Surah Yunus; 12).

Who should we worship? “Verily! I am Allah (SWT) La ilaha illa Ana (none has the right to be worshipped but I), so worship Me, and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-assalat) for My Remembrance”. (Surah Taha 14).

Who specifically claimed to have visited Makkah and built the Kaaba and pray to send amongst them a Messenger of their own? Ibrahim (Abraham) and Isma’il (Ishmael) 125. And (remember) when We made the House (the Ka’bah at Makkah) a place of resort for mankind and a place of safety. And take you (people) the Maqam (place) of Ibrahim (Abraham) [or the stone on which Ibrahim (Abraham) stood while he was building the Ka’bah] as a place of prayer (for some of your prayers, e.g. two Rak’at after the Tawaf of the Ka’bah at Makkah), and We commanded Ibrahim (Abraham) and Isma’il (Ishmael) that they should purify My House (the Ka’bah at Makkah) for those who are circumambulating it, or staying (I’tikaf), or bowing or prostrating themselves (there, in prayer).126. And (remember) when Ibrahim (Abraham) said, “My Lord, make this city (Makkah) a place of security and provide its people with fruits, such of them as believe in Allah (SWT) and the Last Day.” He (Allah (SWT) answered; “As for him who disbelieves, I shall leave him in contentment for a while, then I shall compel him to the torment of the Fire, and worst indeed is that destination!”127. And (remember) when Ibrahim (Abraham) and (his son) Isma’il (Ishmael) were raising the foundations of the House (the Ka’bah at Makkah), saying, “Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us. Verily! You are the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.”128. “Our Lord! And make us submissive unto You and of our offspring a nation submissive unto You, and show us our Manasik (all the ceremonies of pilgrimage – Hajj and ‘Umrah, etc.), and accept our repentance. Truly, You are the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful.129. “Our Lord! Send amongst them a Messenger of their own (and indeed Allah (SWT) answered their invocation by sending Muhammad (PBUH)  Peace be upon him ), who shall recite unto them Your Verses and instruct them in the Book (this Qur’an) and Al-Hikmah (full knowledge of the Islamic laws and jurisprudence or wisdom or Prophethood, etc.), and sanctify them. Verily! You are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.”.

Who taught Cain to bury the dead body? Crow – Cain became angry and killed his brother “God sent a crow who scratched the ground to show him to hide the dead body of his brother. He (the murderer) said; ‘Woe to me! Am I not even able to be as this crow and to hide the dead body of my brother?’ Then he became one of those who regretted.” (Surah Al-Maidah;31).

Who was left Quraish alone and ranaway from the battle field of Badr? 48. And (remember) when Shaitan (Satan) made their (evil) deeds seem fair to them and said, “No one of mankind can overcome you this Day (of the battle of Badr) and verily, I am your neighbour (for each and every help).” But when the two forces came in sight of each other, he ran away and said “Verily, I have nothing to do with you. Verily! I see what you see not. Verily! I fear Allah for Allah is Severe in punishment.” (Surah Al-Anfal; 48 ).

Who was neither a Jew nor a Christian, and what was he? 67. Ibrahim (Abraham) was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was a true Muslim Hanifa (Islamic Monotheism – to worship none but Allah (SWT) Alone) and he was not of Al-Mushrikun. (Surah Aale-’Imran 67).

Who was the first Messenger? The first Messenger after the eruption of disagreements and differences regarding the true path of Allah was Nuh (Nuh) (PBUH) as explained by Allah the Almighty in the Glorious Qur’an, Verily, We have sent the revelation to you (O Prophets after him}. (Surah An-Nisaa;163) Allah (SWT) says; The people of Nuh (Nuh) and the Confederates after them denied (their Messengers) before these. (Surah Ghafir;5)

Who were the two wives, who betrayed their Nuh’s And Lut’s Wives – Allah (SWT) sets forth an example for those who disbelieve, the wife of Nuh (Nuh) and the wife of Lout (Lot). They were under two of our righteous slaves, but they both betrayed their (husbands by rejecting their doctrine) so they [Nuh (Nuh) and Lut (Lot)] benefited them (their respective wives) not, against Allah (SWT), and it was said; “Enter the Fire along with those who enter!” (Surah At-Tahrim; 10).

Who were those people with whom Allah (SWT) was pleased and they were pleased with Him, as mentioned in the Qur’an? Companions of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) And the first to embrace Islam of the Muhajirun (those who migrated from Makkah to Al-Madinah) and the Ansar (the citizens of Al-Madinah who helped and gave aid to the Muhajirun) and also those who followed them exactly (in Faith). Allah is well-pleased with them as they are well-pleased with Him. He has prepared for them Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever. That is the supreme success. (Surah Al-Bara’at/Surah At-Taubah; ; 100).

Who will accompany the believers in Paradise? In Paradise, all of the believers who have lived since the time of Prophet Adam (as) will be together. Among these people will be the Prophets, martyrs, and sincere believers who affirmed the Messengers and followed the path they showed. The glad tidings are given to the believers in the Qur’an, as follows;Whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger will be with those whom Allah has blessed; the Prophets and the steadfast affirmers of truth, the martyrs, and the righteous. What excellent company such people are!  (Surah  an-Nisa, 69)

Who will be the comrade of him who spends in charity mere show? 38. And (also) those who spend of their substance to be seen of men, and believe not in Allah and the Last Day [they are the friends of Shaitan (Satan)], and whoever takes Shaitan (Satan) as an intimate; then what a dreadful intimate he has! (Surah an-Nisaa; 38) ).

Who will be thrown into Hell and by whom? (And it will be said); “Both of you throw (Order from Allah to the two angels) into Hell, every stubborn disbeliever (in the Oneness of Allah, in His Messengers, etc.). (Surah  Qaf; 24).

Who will be witness of our sins on day of judgment? Allah (SWT) says; “And pursue not that you have no knowledge of; surely the hearing, the sight, the heart- all of those shall be questioned of.” (17;36),  Not so did you cover yourselves, lest your hearing, your eyes and your skins should bear witness against you; but you thought that Allah would never know much of the things that you were working.” (41; 22),

Who will enter paradise? And those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, they are dwellers of Paradise, they will dwell therein forever. (Surah Al-Baqarah; ; 82)  And whoever does righteous good deeds, male or female, and is a true believer in the Oneness of Allah  (Muslim), such will enter Paradise and not the least injustice, even to the size of a Naqira (speck on the back of a date-stone), will be done to them. (Surah an-Nisaa; 124) 32. Those who avoid great sins and Al-Fawahish (illegal sexual intercourse, etc.) except the small faults, verily, your Lord is of vast forgiveness. He knows you well when He created you from the earth (Adam), and when you were fetuses in your mothers’ wombs. So ascribe not purity to yourselves. He knows best him who fears Allah and keep his duty to Him [i.e. those who are Al-Muttaqun (pious)].  (Surah an-Najam 32)

Who will lead an honorable life in this world and hereafter? And those who keep their trusts and covenants; And those who stand firm in their testimonies; And those who guard their Salat (prayers) well , Such shall dwell in the Gardens (i.e. Paradise) honoured. (Surah al-Maarij 32- 35).

Who will record our good and bad actions? (Remember!) that the two receivers (recording angels) receive (each human being after he or she has attained the age of puberty), one sitting on the right and one on the left (to note his or her actions). (Surah Qaf; 17).

Who worshiped the golden calf?  The Israelites worshipping the golden calf before Moses returned from the mountain And the people of Musa (Moses) made in his absence, out of their ornaments, the image of a calf (for worship). It had a sound (as if it was mooing). Did they not see that it could neither speak to them nor guide them to the way? They took it for worship and they were Zalimun (wrong-doers). And when they regretted and saw that they had gone astray, they (repented and) said; “If our Lord have not mercy upon us and forgive us, we shall certainly be of the losers.” And when Musa (Moses) returned to his people, angry and grieved, he said; “What an evil thing is that which you have done (i.e. worshipping the calf) during my absence. Did you hasten and go ahead as regards the matter of your Lord (you left His worship)?” And he threw down the Tablets and seized his brother by (the hair of) his head and dragged him towards him. Harun (Aaron) said; “O son of my mother! Indeed the people judged me weak and were about to kill me, so make not the enemies rejoice over me, nor put me amongst the people who are Zalimun (wrong-doers).” Musa (Moses) said; “O my Lord! Forgive me and my brother, and make us enter into Your Mercy, for you are the Most Merciful of those who show mercy.” Certainly, those who took the calf (for worship), wrath from their Lord and humiliation will come upon them in the life of this world. Thus do We recompense those who invent lies. (Surah al-Araf; 148-152)   They said; “We will not stop worshipping it (i.e. the calf), until Musa (Moses) returns to us.” (Surah Ta-Ha; 91).

Whom should Muslims fear? This is the Book (the Qur’an), whereof there is no doubt, a guidance to those who are Al-Muttaqun [the pious and righteous persons who fear Allah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has forbidden) and love Allah much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)]. (Surah Al-Baqarah;2)… And believe in what I have sent down (this Qur’an), confirming that which is with you, [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)], and be not the first to disbelieve therein, and buy not with My Verses [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] a small price (i.e. getting a small gain by selling My Verses), and fear Me and Me Alone. (Surah Al-Baqarah; ; 41) …And from wheresoever you start forth (for prayers), turn your face in the direction of Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah), and wheresoever you are, turn your faces towards, it (when you pray) so that men may have no argument against you except those of them that are wrong-doers, so fear them not, but fear Me! – And so that I may complete My Blessings on you and that you may be guided. (Surah Al-Baqarah; ; 150). …He sends down the angels with inspiration of His Command to whom of His slaves He pleases (saying); “Warn mankind that La ilaha illa Ana (none has the right to be worshipped but I), so fear Me (by abstaining from sins and evil deeds). (Surah al-Nahl; 2)…And Allah said (O mankind!); “Take not ilahain (two gods in worship, etc.). Verily, He (Allah) is (the) only One Ilah (God). Then, fear Me (Allah) much [and Me (Alone), i.e. be away from all kinds of sins and evil deeds that Allah has forbidden and do all that Allah has ordained and worship none but Allah].(Surah al-Nahl; 51)… It is only Shaitan (Satan) that suggests to you the fear of his Auliya’ [supporters and friends (polytheists, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah (SWT) and in His Messenger, Muhammad (PBUH)], so fear them not, but fear Me, if you are (true) believers. (Surah Ale-Imran; 175).

Whose cause should Muslims support? O you who believe! Be you helpers (in the Cause) of Allah  as said ‘Isa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), to Al-Hawariun (the disciples); “Who are my helpers (in the Cause) of Allah?” Al-Hawarieen (the disciples) said; “We are Allah’s helpers” (i.e. we will strive in His Cause!). Then a group of the Children of Israel believed and a group disbelieved. So We gave power to those who believed against their enemies, and they became the uppermost. (Surah As-Saff;  14) ….Only those are the believers who have believed in Allah  and His Messenger, and afterward doubt not but strive with their wealth and their lives for the Cause of Allah . Those! They are the truthful. (Surah al-Hujuraat; 15)  That you believe in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad), and that you strive hard and fight in the Cause of Allah with your wealth and your lives, that will be better for you, if you but know!  (Surah As-Saff 11)… Those who spend their wealth in the Cause of Allah, and do not follow up their gifts with reminders of their generosity or with injury, their reward is with their Lord. On them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. (Surah Al-Baqarah; ; 262)…And as for those who emigrated for the Cause of Allah, after suffering oppression, We will certainly give them goodly residence in this world, but indeed the reward of the Hereafter will be greater, if they but knew! (Surah al-Nahl; 41). Behold! You are those who are called to spend in the Cause of Allah, yet among you are some who are niggardly. And whoever is niggardly, it is only at the expense of his own self. But Allah  is Rich (Free of all wants), and you (mankind) are poor. And if you turn away (from Islam and the obedience of Allah), He will exchange you for some other people, and they will not be your likes. (Surah Muhammad; 38).

Whose generation is known as “Bani Israel” according to the Qur’an? The generation of Prophet Yaqoob (As) who is also known as Israel. 84. And We bestowed upon him Ishaque (Isaac) and Ya’qub (Jacob), each of them We guided, and before him, We guided Nuh (Nuh), and among his progeny Dawud (David), Sulaiman (Solomon), Ayub (Job), Yusuf (Joseph), Musa (Moses), and Harun (Aaron). Thus do We reward the good-doers. (Surah Al-An’am 84. ) 246. Have you not thought about the group of the Children of Israel after (the time of) Musa (Moses)? When they said to a Prophet of theirs, “Appoint for us a king and we will fight in Allah’s Way.” He said, “Would you then refrain from fighting, if fighting was prescribed for you?” They said, “Why should we not fight in Allah’s Way while we have been driven out of our homes and our children (families have been taken as captives)?” But when fighting was ordered for them, they turned away, all except a few of them. And Allah is All-Aware of the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers). (Surah Al-Baqarah; 246) 49. And will make him [‘Iesa (Jesus)] a Messenger to the Children of Israel (saying); “I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, that I design for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allah’s Leave; and I heal him who was born blind, and the leper, and I bring the dead to life by Allah’s Leave. And I inform you of what you eat, and what you store in your houses. Surely, therein is a sign for you, if you believe. (Surah Ale-Imran; 49. ) 72. Surely, they have disbelieved who say; “Allah is the Messiah [‘Iesa (Jesus)], son of Maryam (Mary).” But the Messiah [‘Iesa (Jesus)] said; “O Children of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.” Verily, whosoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, then Allah has forbidden Paradise for him, and the Fire will be his abode . And for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers) there are no helpers. (Surah Al-Maidah (72) 78. Those among the Children of Israel who disbelieved were cursed by the tongue of Dawud (David) and ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). That was because they disobeyed (Allah and the Messengers) and were ever transgressing beyond bounds. (Surah Al-Maidah (78) 138. And We brought the Children of Israel (with safety) across the sea, and they came upon a people devoted to some of their idols (in worship). They said; “O Musa (Moses)! Make for us an ilahan (a god) as they have aliha (gods).” He said; “Verily, you are a people who know not (the Majesty and Greatness of Allah and what is obligatory upon you, i.e. to worship none but Allah Alone, the One and the Only God of all that exists).” (Surah Al-A’raf (The Heights) 90. And We took the Children of Israel across the sea, and Fir’aun (Pharaoh) with his hosts followed them in oppression and enmity, till when drowning overtook him, he said; “I believe that La ilaha illa (Huwa); (none has the right to be worshipped but) He,” in Whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am one of the Muslims (those who submit to Allah’s Will). (Surah Yunus (Jonah) “93. And indeed We settled the Children of Israel in an honourable dwelling place (Sham and Misr), and provided them with good things, and they differed not until the knowledge came to them. Verily, Allah will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection in that in which they used to differ. (Surah Yunus93)2. And We gave Musa (Moses) the Scripture and made it a guidance for the Children of Israel (saying); “Take not other than Me as (your) Wakil (Protector, Lord, or Disposer of your affairs, etc). (Surah Al-Asraa;2)101. And indeed We gave to Musa (Moses) nine clear signs. Ask then the Children of Israel, when he came to them, then Fir’aun (Pharaoh) said to him; “O Musa (Moses)! I think you are indeed bewitched.” ( Surah Al-Asraa101)104. And We said to the Children of Israel after him; “Dwell in the land, then, when the final and the last promise comes near [i.e. the Day of Resurrection or the descent of Christ [‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary) on the earth]. We shall bring you altogether as mixed crowd (gathered out of various nations). (Surah Al-Asraa104) And, indeed We gave Musa (Moses) the guidance, and We caused the Children of Israel to inherit the Scripture [i.e. the Taurat (Torah)], (Surah Ghafir or Al-Mu’min ;53)32. And We chose them (the Children of Israel) above the ‘Alamin (mankind, and jinns) [during the time of Musa (Moses)] with knowledge, (Surah Ad-Dukhan (32).

Whosoever puts his trust in Allah (SWT), what will happen to him? And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine. And whosoever puts his trust in Allah then He will suffice him. Verily, Allah (SWT) will accomplish his purpose. Indeed Allah has set a measure for all things. (Surah Al-Talaq; 3)..

Why Allah (SWT) called out to Ibraheem (AS) when he was about to cut his  son Ismail throat? Allah Most High called out to Ibrahim AS that the objective of his testing and obedience, and his willingness to carry out his Lord’s command has been achieved. 104. And We called out to him: “O Abraham 105. You have fulfilled the dream (vision)!” Verily! Thus do We reward the Muhsinun (good-doers).106. Verily, that indeed was a manifest trial107. And We ransomed him with a great sacrifice (i.e. a ram);108. And We left for him (a goodly remembrance) among generations (to come) in later times.109. Salamun (peace) be upon Ibrahim (Abraham)!”110. Thus indeed do We reward the Muhsinun (good-doers – see V.2:112).111. Verily, he was one of Our believing slaves. (Surah As-Saffat;104-111)

Why Allah (SWT) did reveal the Qur’an? Allah (SWT) revealed the Qur’an so that it should be applied to our day to day lives, as Allah (SWT) says;  [Say (O Muhammad (PBUH) to these idolaters (pagan Arabs) of your folk;] Follow what has been sent down unto you from your Lord (the Qur’an and Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)’s Sunnah), and follow not any Auliya’ (protectors and helpers, etc. who order you to associate partners in worship with Allah), besides Him (Allah). Little do you remember! (Surah al-Araf; 3)..

Why Allah (SWT) had sent Qur’an in Arabic language? Allah  (SWT) answered this very clearly in the Qur’an as follows; And if We had sent this as a Qur’an in a foreign language other than Arabic, they would have said; “Why are not its Verses explained in detail (in our language)? What! (A Book) not in Arabic and (the Messenger) an Arab? “Say; “It is for those who believe, a guide and a healing. And as for those who disbelieve, there is heaviness (deafness) in their ears, and it (the Qur’an) is blindness for them. They are those who are called from a place far away (so they neither listen nor understand). (Surah Fussilat/Surah Ha Mim As Sajdah; 44) An Arabic Qur’an, without any crookedness (therein) in order that they may avoid all evil which Allah has ordered them to avoid, fear Him and keep their duty to Him. (Surah Az-Zumar; 28) In the plain Arabic language. (Surah Ash-Shu’ara; 195 ) It was but natural that the Qur’an be in the language of the preacher and the preached. Thanks to the Qur’an, Arabic for carrying the Divine Message to mankind remains a living language. Bible ‘as available now, is only in translations, as Aramaic the language of its revelation is no longer in use. ‘

Why Allah (SWT) has created the angels? The fundamental about articles of faith in Islam are to believe in Allah (SWT), His prophets, His revealed books, the angels, the afterlife, and destiny/divine decree. Faith in the unseen world created by Allah (SWT) is thus a required element of faith in Islam. Among the creatures of the unseen are angels, which are mentioned in the Qur’an as faithful servants of Allah (SWT). In Arabic, angels are called mala’ika, which means “to assist and help.” The Qur’an describes that angels have been created to worship Allah (SWT) and carry out His commands; “Everything in the heavens and every creature on the earth prostrates to Allah, as do the angels. They are not puffed up with pride. They fear their Lord above them and do everything they are ordered to do” (Surah An-Nahl; 49-50). Angels are involved in carrying out duties in both the unseen and physical worlds. They are naturally obedient creatures, worshipping Allah (SWT) and carrying out His commands. Angels have no free choice, so it is simply not in their nature to disobey. The Qur’an says, “They do not disobey Allah ‘s commands that they receive; they do precisely what they are commanded” (Surah At-Tahrim; 6). Angels are genderless and do not require sleep, food, or drink. As unseen creatures made from light, angels have no specific bodily shape but can rather take on a variety of forms. The Qur’an does mention that angels have wings.  All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the (only) Originator [or the (only) Creator] of the heavens and the earth, Who made the angels messengers with wings, – two or three or four. He increases in creation what He wills. Verily, Allah is Able to do all things. (Surah Al-Fatir or Al-Mala’ikah; 1), but Muslims don’t speculate on what exactly they look like. Muslims find it blasphemous, for example, to engage in making images of angels as cherubs sitting in clouds. It is believed that angels can take the form of human beings when required to communicate with the human world. For example, the Angel Jibreel appeared in human form to Mary the mother of Jesus, and to the Prophet Muhamad when questioning him about his faith and message..

Why Allah (SWT) says mothers to breast feed their children for two years? The mothers shall give suck to their children for two whole years, (that is) for those (parents) who desire to complete the term of suckling, but the father of the child shall bear the cost of the mother’s food and clothing on a reasonable basis. No person shall have a burden laid on him greater than he can bear. No mother shall be treated unfairly on account of her child, nor father on account of his child. And on the (father’s) heir is incumbent the like of that (which was incumbent on the father). If they both decide on weaning, by mutual consent, and after due consultation, there is no sin on them. And if you decide on a foster suckling-mother for your children, there is no sin on you, provided you pay (the mother) what you agreed (to give her) on reasonable basis. And fear Allah and know that Allah is All-Seer of what you do. (Surah Al-Baqarah;233) There are many benefits of breast feeding for both the mother and baby, breast feeding protects mother against post-partum uterine, help stop bleeding resulting from delivery, thus preventing loss of extra blood. Helps uterine restore normal size and place quickly after delivery, prevents the recurrence of pregnancy with a rate of more than 98%, without contraceptives. Protects the lactating mother against breast and uterine cancer. For the baby, breast feeding is more important, because, it protects the baby from viral infections, as it contains immunity agents. It protects against food allergy, as it is free of protein that causes such kind of allergy, and which is usually found in extracted and manufactured cow milk. It prevents shortage of calcium in the baby’s blood, thus helping to construct strong bones. It returns with spiritual and psychological benefits to the baby, as it helps build a well composed, righteous and straight personality, and strengthens the spiritual and passionate links between the baby and the mother. As revealed in a research published in Pediatric Clinics of North America in February 2001, the mental abilities of babies who receive breast feeding from their mothers are stronger and higher than otherwise, and the longer the period of breast feeding, the higher the mental abilities are. It was shown that mother’s milk also provides protection against cancer. After showing that the incidence of the lymph cancer observed in childhood was nine times greater in formula-fed children, they realized that the same results applied to other forms of cancer. According to the results, mother’s milk accurately locates the cancer cells and later destroys them. It is a substance called alpha-lac (alphalactalbumin), present in large quantities in mother’s milk that locates and kills the cancer cells. Alpha-lac is produced by a protein that assists in the manufacture of the sugar lactose in the milk. In addition to some practical benefits of breast feeding.  The milk is always ready with steady and appropriate heat, fresh, sterilized, digestible and saves money and time! Researchers indicated that breast feeding alleviates the baby’s fear of needle pricks and helps as analgesic during painful operations such as circumcision. A new theory emerged in the recent years indicating that the protein in cow’s milk can cause a biological reaction that destroys the pancreatic beta cells excreting insulin.  This theory is supported with the high rate of the presence of cow milk proteins in the serum of children with diabetes in comparison with study group of non-diabetic children. In a very accurate scientific reference, the Qur’an determines the period of lactation with almost two years. “And We enjoined on man concerning his parents- his mother bore him in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning was in two years.” (Surah Luqman 14) It is understood that lactation for two years is not a must, but a complete period;

Why Allah (SWT) set a seal upon the heart of disbelievers? Because of their breaking the covenant, and of their rejecting the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, and of their killing the Prophets unjustly, and of their saying; “Our hearts are wrapped (with coverings, i.e. we do not understand what the Messengers say)” – nay, Allah has set a seal upon their hearts because of their disbelief, so they believe not but a little. (Surah an-Nisaa; 155)..

Why are Muslims heading for ruin? And whatever of misfortune befalls you, it is because of what your hands have earned. And He pardons much. (Surah Ash-Shurah; 30)  And if Allah  were to punish men for that which they earned, He would not leave a moving (living) creature on the surface of the earth, but He gives them respite to an appointed term, and when their term comes, then verily, Allah  is Ever All-Seer of His slaves. (Surah al-Fatir or Al-Malaikah; 45) But when He delivered them, behold! They rebel (disobey Allah) in the earth wrongfully. O mankind! Your rebellion (disobedience to Allah  is only against your own selves, – a brief enjoyment of this worldly life, then (in the end) unto Us is your return, and We shall inform you that which you used to do. Surah Yunus; 23)… Those who oppose Allah  and His Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH), they will be among the lowest (most humiliated). (Surah Al-Mujadilah; 20) ….And Nuh’s (Nuh) people, when they denied the Messengers We drowned them, and We made them as a sign for mankind. And We have prepared a painful torment for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc). (Surah Al-Furqan; 37)…. Is he whose breast Allah  has opened to Islam, so that he is in light from His Lord (as he who is non-Muslim)? So, woe to those whose hearts are hardened against remembrance of Allah ! They are in plain error! (Surah Az-Zumar; ;  22)… And be not like those who forgot Allah (i.e. became disobedient to Allah) and He caused them to forget their ownselves, (let them to forget to do righteous deeds). Those are the Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah ). (Surah al-Hashr; 19)… So it tasted the evil result of its disbelief, and the consequence of its disbelief was loss (destruction in this life and an eternal punishment in the Hereafter). (Surah At-Talaaq; 9)… The bedouins say; “We believe.” Say; “You believe not but you only say, ‘We have surrendered (in Islam),’ for Faith has not yet entered your hearts. But if you obey Allah and His Messenger (PBUH), He will not decrease anything in reward for your deeds. Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Surah Al-Hujuraat; 14)… Therefore withdraw (O Muhammad (PBUH) from him who turns away from Our Reminder (this Qur’an) and desires nothing but the life of this world. That is what they could reach of knowledge. Verily, your Lord it is He Who knows best him who goes astray from His Path, and He knows best him who receives guidance. (Surah An-Najm; 29-30)…..

Why are Muslims the best people? You [true believers in Islamic Monotheism, and real followers of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)   and his Sunnah (legal ways, etc.)] are the best of peoples ever raised up for mankind; you enjoin Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam has ordained) and forbid Al-Munkar (polytheism, disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden), and you believe in Allah. And had the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) believed, it would have been better for them; among them are some who have faith, but most of them are Al-Fasiqun (disobedient to Allah – and rebellious against Allah’s Command). (“Surah Ale-Imran; 110)..

Why did Allah (SWT) create the jinn and humankind? The foundation of Islam is belief in the Oneness and Uniqueness of Almighty God, who is the Creator and Lord of all, perfect in all His attributes. He alone deserves all worship. Therein lies our success in this life and the next. Human beings have one single father; Adam, and their only true God, is Allah. He has brought them into existence and provided them with all their needs in order to worship Him alone. Allah (SWT) has created us to worship Him alone and to worship no other besides Jinn and mankind have been created for the worship of Allah (SWT) – Allah (SWT) defined the purpose of mankind’s creation in the Qur’an; “I have created the jinn and humankind only for My worship.” (Surah Adh-Dhariyat;56) “And worship Allah and associate none with Him.” (Surah An-Nisaa;36).Thus, the essential purpose for which humankind was created is the worship of God…. And I (Allah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone). (Surah Adh-Dhariyat;6) “Verily! I am Allah! La ilaha illa Ana (none has the right to be worshipped but I), so worship Me, and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) for My Remembrance. (Surah Ta-Ha;14) And We created not the heaven and the earth and all that is between them without purpose! That is the consideration of those who disbelieve! Then woe to those who disbelieve (in Islamic Monotheism) from the Fire! (Surah Saad;27)  And We created not the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, for mere play. We created them not except with truth (i.e. to examine and test those who are obedient and those who are disobedient and then reward the obedient ones and punish the disobedient ones), but most of them know not. (Surah Ad-Dukhan;38-39) And We did not send any Messenger before you (O Muhammad (PBUH) but We inspired him (saying); La ilaha illa Ana [none has the right to be worshipped but I (Allah)], so worship Me (Alone and none else).” (Surah al-Anbiyaa;25) Truly! This, your Ummah [Sharia or religion (Islamic Monotheism)] is one religion, and I am your Lord, therefore worship Me (Alone). (Surah al-Anbiyaa;92) Allah has promised those among you who believe, and do righteous good deeds, that He will certainly grant them succession to (the present rulers) in the earth, as He granted it to those before them, and that He will grant them the authority to practise their religion, that which He has chosen for them (i.e. Islam). And He will surely give them in exchange a safe security after their fear (provided) they (believers) worship Me and do not associate anything (in worship) with Me. But whoever disbelieved after this, they are the Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah (Surah an-Nur;55) O My slaves who believe! Certainly, spacious is My earth. Therefore worship Me (Alone).” (Surah al-Ankabut;56) And that you should worship Me [Alone Islamic Monotheism, and set up not rivals, associate-gods with Me]. That is a Straight Path. (Surah Ya-Sin;61).  39. “O two companions of the prison! Are many different lords (gods) better or Allah, the One, the Irresistible? 40. “You do not worship besides Him but only names which you have named (forged), you and your fathers, for which Allah has sent down no authority. The command (or the judgement) is for none but Allah. He has commanded that you worship none but Him (i.e. His Monotheism), that is the (true) straight religion, but most men know not. (Surah Yusuf;39-40) However, the Almighty is not in need of human worship. He did not create human beings out of a need on His part. If not a single human worshipped God, it would not diminish His glory in any way, and if all of humankind worshipped Him, it would not increase His glory in any way. God is perfect. He alone exists without any needs. All created beings have needs. Consequently, it is humankind that needs to worship God; The ultimate purpose of life is to acknowledge the greatness of God, establish a direct connection with him, and worship Him alone. God does not need any partners or intermediaries. Everyone always has direct access to worship God, as He hears all who praise and call upon Him.  Islam teaches that all prayer and acts of worship should be exclusively to God. Nothing else is worthy of worship; not statues, graves, the sun, the moon, animals, Prophets, saints, angels, priests or religious scholars. All of these things are created and limited, hence imperfect, whereas Allah is perfect. The concept of worship in Islam is not limited to rituals such as praying and fasting, it includes all actions that are pleasing to God such as having good manners, being honest, establishing justice, being patient and helping the needy. HimThe Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said;  “Mankind’s duty to Allah (SWT) is to worship Him Alone, and not to associate partners to Him in anything.”  (Bukhari – Muslim).

Why did Allah (SWT) Create the sun and the moon? It is He Who made the sun a shining thing and the moon as a light and measured out its (their) stages, that you might know the number of years and the reckoning. Allah (SWT) did not create this but in truth. He explains the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail for people who have knowledge. (Surah Yunus; 5) ).

Why did Allah (SWT) describe the sun a great lamp? Blessed be He Who has placed in the heaven big stars, and has placed therein a great lamp (sun), and a moon giving light..  (Surah al-Furqan; 61) 13. And have made (therein) a shining lamp (sun). (Surah An-Naba’; 13) 16. And has made the moon a light therein, and made the sun a lamp? Surah Al-Ma’arij 16) this fact was described in these two honorable verses fourteen centuries ago, and then we must ask ourselves, who told Prophet Muhammad (SAW) about it but Allah, the Most High! The energy of the sun (universal atomic pile); The energy of the sun is generated by the burning of hydrogen, which is the main constituent of the sun that transforms it into helium deep within, where there is very high density, pressure, and temperatures reaching 15,000,000°. This leads to a nuclear reaction and fusion of four hydrogen atoms to make one helium atom. The leftover energy from this reaction is released in the form of electromagnetic energy divided into short wave rays, infrared rays, and ultraviolet rays. This means that the sun obtains its energy from within through natural nuclear reaction under very high pressure, heat, and density as if it is a mega atomic pile made to provide earth with light, warmth, and energy. The sun is considered a star and is a luminous celestial body, whereas the moon is a planet; a dark celestial body that reflects the light it receives from stars and the sun as do all the other natural satellites of the planets (the moons). More than fourteen centuries ago, the Ever-Glorious Qur’an indicated the difference between stars and planets exemplified in the difference between the sun and the moon. Modern astronomers only discovered this fact recently after the telescope was invented and after applying photometric and spectrogram researches on stars and planets. Stars are luminous celestial bodies whereas planets are dark celestial bodies that reflect the light received from stars and the sun as do all other natural satellites of the planets and (moons).The sun is a mega atomic pile swimming very fast in space and has many various forms of light, heat, and energy. It is not just a bright disk; rather it is like a shining lamp, whereas the moon is a planet that reflects the light of the sun to lighten the night on earth..

Why did Allah (SWT) send the Prophets? He sent them to call mankind to His worship and to reject the worship of anything besides Allah (SWT), as the Allah (SWT) says; “And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming); “Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from)Taghut (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Taghut besides Allah).” Then of them were some whom Allah guided and of them were some upon whom the straying was justified. So travel through the land and see what was the end of those who denied (the truth). (Surah An-Nahl; 36) “We sent no Messenger, but to be obeyed by Allah’s Leave. .. Most Merciful. ” (Surah An-Nisaa; 64)..

Why did Allah (SWT) not create mankind perfect from the onset? And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed, all of them together. So, will you (O Muhammad) then compel mankind, until they become believers. (Surah Yunus; 99) This objection stems from an oversight of the fact that the main branch of perfection is voluntary perfection. In other words, perfection (and development) means that man traverses the path using his own feet and by means of his resolve. If he were to be held by the hand and taken by force, neither would it be a matter of glory nor would real perfection be achieved. For example, if a person out of his own will decided to give one dollar from his wealth in charity, he would have progressed towards moral perfection in that same ratio, whereas if millions were to be taken forcefully from him and given in charity, he would not have advanced even one step towards this goal. It is for this reason that in various verses of the Qur’an this reality has been asserted that had Allah (SWT) desired all the people would have become believers, under compulsion. However such faith would not have proved beneficial to them…

Why did the Children of Israel differ after the Scripture and Knowledge was sent to them?. And indeed We gave the Children of Israel the Scripture, and the understanding of the Scripture and its laws, and the Prophethood; and provided them with good things, and preferred them above the ‘Alamin (mankind and jinns) (of their time, during that period) 17. And gave them clear proofs in matters [by revealing to them the Taurat (Torah)]. And they differed not until after the knowledge came to them, through envy among themselves. Verily, Your Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection about that wherein they used to differ. (Surah Al-Jathiyah; 16-17)..

Why did the Qur’an describe the front of the head (Cerebrum) as being lying and sinful?  God has said in the Qur’an about one of the evil unbelievers who forbade the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  from praying at the Kaaba; 9. Have you (O Muhammad (PBUH)) seen him (i.e. Abu Jahl) who prevents,10. A slave (Muhammad (PBUH)) when he prays? 13. Tell me if he (the disbeliever, Abu Jahl) denies (the truth, i.e. this Qur’an), and turns away?14. Knows he not that Allah does see (what he does)? 15. Nay! If he (Abu Jahl) ceases not, We will catch him by the forelock,16. A lying, sinful forelock! 17. Then, let him call upon his council (of helpers),18. We will call the guards of Hell (to deal with him)! 19. Nay! (O Muhammad (PBUH))! Do not obey him (Abu Jahl). Fall prostrate and draw near to Allah! (Surah al-Alaq; 9-10, 13-19)  Why did the Qur’an describe the front of the head as being lying and sinful?  Why didn’t the Qur’an say that the person was lying and sinful?  What is the relationship between the front of the head and lying and sinfulness?  If we look into the skull at the front of the head, we will find the prefrontal area of the cerebrum . What does physiology tell us about the function of this area?  A book entitled Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology says about this area, “The motivation and the foresight to plan and initiate movements occur in the anterior portion of the frontal lobes, the prefrontal area. This is a region of association cortex…” Also the book says, “In relation to its involvement in motivation, the prefrontal area is also thought to be the functional center for aggression….” So, this area of the cerebrum is responsible for planning, motivating, and initiating good and sinful behavior and is responsible for the telling of lies and the speaking of truth.  Thus, it is proper to describe the front of the head as lying and sinful when someone lies or commits a sin, as the Qur’an has said, “…A lying, sinful naseyah (front of the head)!” Moslem prostrate on the frontal lobe which has the centre of decision making.  When prostrating and worshipping Allah, the Moslem’s forelock is certified as truthful and right . Scientists have only discovered these functions of the prefrontal area in the last sixty years, according to Professor Keith L. Moore. We prostrate on the frontal lobe which has the centre of decision making.  When prostrating and worshipping Allah, the Moslem’s forelock is certified as truthful and right …

Why do Muslim love and send supplication on Prophet Abraham? The Father of the Prophets and the Friend of the Compassionate, our master Abraham (AS) was blessed with a special position, which gives him a certain eminence in our connection to him, in several ways. These include the ascription of the primordial faith (al-hanifiyya) to him, as well as how our prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  is descended from him, and is the answer to the prayer he made when he called upon God Almighty, saying; Our Lord, raise among them a messenger from them, who shall convey unto them Your signs, and teach them scripture and wisdom, and cause them to grow in purity; You are the Almighty, the wise (Surah Al-Baqarah; ; 129)…

Why do Muslims and Jews have a hard time? Verily, you will find the strongest among men in enmity to the believers (Muslims) the Jews and those who are Al-Mushrikun (see 2;105), and you will find the nearest in love to the believers (Muslims) those who say; “We are Christians.” That is because amongst them are priests and monks, and they are not proud. And when they (who call themselves Christians) listen to what has been sent down to the Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH), you see their eyes overflowing with tears because of the truth they have recognised. They say; “Our Lord! We believe; so write us down among the witnesses.These two  verses clearly tell us that the closest to us are the Chmstlans and those that have enmity towards the Believers are the Jews. It tells us that because of their pride and arrogancethey have called some Prophets imposters, and other they have killed! (Surah Al-Maidah; 82-83)..

Why do Muslims bow to the ground in prostration, placing face, hands, and knees to the ground?  “Prostration in prayers stands for putting the forehead on the earth.” The concept of prostration exists in all major religions, Jesus is described in the Gospels as prostrating during prayer. An incident which took place when Jesus went with his disciples to Gethsemane; “And going a little farther he fell on his face and prayed, ‘My Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou wilt.” (Matthew 26;39) .  Christians today kneel down, clasping their hands, in a posture which cannot be ascribed to Jesus. The method of prostration in prayer followed by Jesus was not of his own making. It was the mode of prayer of the prophets before him. In the Old Testament, , Prophet Abraham is recorded to have fallen on his face in prayer (Genesis 17;3) . And Moses made haste, and bowed his head toward the earth, and worshipped  (Exodus 34;8). in both Moses and Aaron are recorded to have fallen on their faces in worship  (Numbers 16;22 & 20;6) .  Joshua fell on his face to the earth and worshipped Joshua (5;14 & 7;6) in, Elijah bowed down on the ground and put his face between his knees (I Kings 18;42 ) This was the way of the prophets through whom God chose to convey His word to the world; and it is only by this way that those who claim to follow Jesus will gain the salvation which he preached in his Gospel. Prostration is probably the most recognizable aspect of Muslim prayer, constantly depicted in TV, Movies, and even cartoons. Muslims pray five times a day, placing their head on the ground in prostration at least 34 times or more during the day. Worship in Islam is not limited to special places like the synagogues of the Jews or the churches of the Christians, and it is possible in any place on the earth.   Numerous verses of the Qur’an command that prostration be included in prayer. “Oh you who beleive! Bow, prostrate, and worship your Lord and do good so that you will be successful.” Surah Al-Hajj;  77) The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is recorded as saying “The closest a servant will be to his Lord is when he is in prostration.” Muslim scholars commented on this saying that when a believer prostrates his head to the ground, he is farther from self-aggrandizement and closer to his Lord. Our physical state has a direct effect on our character and perspective, so at the very moment when we achieve a high point in life, we throw ourselves into a state of humility and thanks. “Prostration in prayers stands for putting the forehead on the earth.” Obviously, prostration is the ultimate degree of humility above which there is no humility and it is not permitted except for Allah, the Holiest. The Holy Qur’an states; And among His signs are the night and the day and the sun and the moon; do not prostrate to the sun nor to the moon; and prostrate to Allah Who created them, if Him it is that you serve. (. Surah Fussilat;  37). Also, prostration is the closest state a servant can have toward his Lord; 19. Nay! (O Muhammad (PBUH))! Do not obey him (Abu Jahl). Fall prostrate and draw near to Allah!  (Surah Al-Alaq 19). Keeping in mind that prostration is the ultimate degree of humiliation and is lawful only for the Almighty, As you see, the ground is especially mentioned as the place of prostration proving that there must be a reason for this specification. The prostration is said to also represent the belief that humans were created in part by earth (the rising from the first prostration) and that they will return to it eventually (the second prostration)

Why do Muslims make Pilgrimage /Hajj or Umra to Makkah? And perform properly (i.e. all the ceremonies according to the ways of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), the Hajj and ‘Umrah (i.e. the pilgrimage to Makkah) for Allah. But if you are prevented (from completing them), sacrifice a Hady (animal, i.e. a sheep, a cow, or a camel, etc.) such as you can afford, and do not shave your heads until the Hady reaches the place of  observing Saum (fasts) (three days) or giving Sadaqah (charity – feeding six poor persons) or offering sacrifice (one sheep). Then if you are in safety and whosoever performs the’Umrah in the months of Hajj, before (performing) the Hajj, (i.e. Hajj-at-Tamattu’ and Al-Qiran), he must slaughter a Hady such as he can afford, but if he cannot afford it, he should observe Saum (fasts) three days during the Hajj and seven days after his return (to his home), making ten days in all. This is for him whose family is not present at Al-Masjid-al-Haram (i.e. non-resident of Makkah). And fear Allah  much and know that Allah  is Severe in punishment. (Surah Al-Baqarah; ; 196) “And proclaim the Pilgrimage (Hajj) among men; They will come to tltee on foot and (mounted) on every kind of camel,lean on account of mountain highways; That they may witness the benefits (provided) for them, and celebrate the Name of Allah, through the days appointed, over the cattle which He has provided for them (for saeryice) ‘Then eat ye thereo/iandfeed the distressed ones in want.Then let them complete the rites prescribed fir them, performtheir vows, and ) again) circumambulate The Ancient House. Such (is the Pilgrimage); Whoever honors the Sacred Rites of God, for him it is good in the sight of his Lord.” (Surah Al-Hajj; 27-29)

Why do Muslims Pray? Guard strictly (five obligatory) As-Salawat (the prayers) especially the middle Salat (i.e. the best prayer – ‘Asr). And stand before Allah (SWT) with obedience [and do not speak to others during the Salat (prayers)]. And if you fear (an enemy), perfrom Salat (pray) on foot or riding. And when you are in safety, offer the Salat (prayer) in the manner He has taught you, which you knew not (before). (Surah Al-Baqarah; 238-239 ) And this (the Qur’an) is a blessed Book which We have sent down, confirming (the revelations) which came before it, so that you may warn the Mother of Towns (i.e. Makkah) and all those around it. Those who believe in the Hereafter believe in (the Qur’an), and they are constant in guarding their Salat (prayers). (Surah Al-Anam; 92)  55. Invoke your Lord with humility and in secret. He likes not the aggressors.56. And do not do mischief on the earth, after it has been set in order, and invoke Him with fear and hope; Surely, Allah’s Mercy is (ever) near unto the good-doers. (Surah Al-A’raf; 55-56)  Perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) from mid-day till the darkness of the night (i.e. the Zuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib, and ‘Isha’ prayers), and recite the Qur’an in the early dawn (i.e. the morning prayer). Verily, the recitation of the Qur’an in the early dawn is ever witnessed (attended by the angels in charge of mankind of the day and the night). 28. Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism), and whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allah, Verily, in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest . 29. Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism), and work righteousness, Tuba (it means all kinds of happiness or name of a tree in Paradise) is for them and a beautiful place of (final) return. (Surah Ar-Ra’d; 28-29) 98. So glorify the praises of your Lord and be of those who prostrate themselves (to Him).99. And worship your Lord until there comes unto you the certainty (i.e. death). (Surah Al-Hijr; 98-99) 130. So bear patiently (O Muhammad ) what they say, and glorify the praises of your Lord before the rising of the sun, and before its setting, and during some of the hours of the night, and at the sides of the day (an indication for the five compulsory congregational prayers), that you may become pleased with the reward which Allah shall give you. 131. And strain not your eyes in longing for the things We have given for enjoyment to various groups of them (polytheists and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah), the splendour of the life of this world that We may test them thereby. But the provision (good reward in the Hereafter) of your Lord is better and more lasting. 132. And enjoin As-Salat (the prayer) on your family, and be patient in offering them [i.e. the Salat (prayers)]. We ask not of you a provision (i.e. to give Us something; money, etc.); We provide for you. And the good end (i.e. Paradise) is for the Muttaqun. .(Surah Ta-ha; 130-32) 45. Recite (O Muhammad ) what has been revealed to you of the Book (the Qur’an), and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat). Verily, As-Salat (the prayer) prevents from Al-Fahsha’ (i.e. great sins of every kind, unlawful sexual intercourse, etc.) and Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism, and every kind of evil wicked deed, etc.) and the remembering (praising, etc.) of (you by) Allah (in front of the angels) is greater indeed [than your remembering (praising, etc.) Allah in prayers, etc.]. And Allah knows what you do. (Surah Al-Ankabut; 45) 45. And seek help in patience and As-Salat (the prayer) and truly it is extremely heavy and hard except for Al-Khashi’un [i.e. the true believers in Allah – those who obey Allah with full submission, fear much from His Punishment, and believe in His Promise (Paradise, etc.) and in His Warnings (Hell, etc.)]. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 45) 41. O you who believe! Remember Allah with much remembrance. 42. And glorify His Praises morning and afternoon [the early morning (Fajr) and ‘Asr prayers]. 43. He it is Who sends Salat (His blessings) on you, and His angels too (ask Allah to bless and forgive you), that He may bring you out from darkness (of disbelief and polytheism) into light (of Belief and Islamic Monotheism). And He is Ever Most Merciful to the believers.44. Their greeting on the Day they shall meet Him will be “Salam; Peace (i.e. the angels will say to them; Salamu ‘Alaikum)!” And He has prepared for them a generous reward (i.e. Paradise).(Surah Al-Ahzab; 41-44)       48. So wait patiently (O Muhammad ) for the Decision of your Lord, for verily, you are under Our Eyes , and glorify the Praises of your Lord when you get up from sleep. 49. And in the night-time, also glorify His Praises, and at the setting of the stars. (Surah At-Tur; 48-49) 17. “O my son! Aqim-is-Salat (perform As-Salat), enjoin (people) for Al-Ma’ruf (Islamic Monotheism and all that is good), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar(i.e. disbelief in the Oneness of Allah, polytheism of all kinds and all that is evil and bad), and bear with patience whatever befall you. Verily! These are some of the important commandments ordered by Allah with no exemption. (Surah Luqman; 17

Why does Allah (SWT) Show us lightning? It is He who shows you the lightning, as a fear (for travellers) and as a hope (for those who wait for rain). And it is He Who brings up (or originates) the clouds, heavy (with water). (Surah Ar-Rad;12 )..

Why Does Islam Make the Testimony of Two Women Equal to That of One Man? This is true only of cases of transactions and documentation; The Qur’an says; And let two men from among you bear witness to all such documents [contracts of loans without interest]. But if two men be not available, there should be one man and two women to bear witness so that if one of the women forgets (anything), the other may remind her. . (Surah Al-Baqarah; 282) It seems that the basic reason for having two women witnesses is that one of the women may “forget” something. The reason for diminishing women’s role in court is clear enough. Women have deficient minds, says Muhammad bluntly and tersely. In the above verse Allah says that a female witness may “forget,” so the other female witness may need to remind the first. The Qur’an and the hadith match up well in this matter..  There are other situations where the testimony of one woman is equal to that of one man.  Moreover, in cases involving women issues only, a woman’s testimony is sufficient since a man’s is not even acceptable.  The Qur’an showed the reason behind seeking the testimony of two women along with a man; “Each of them will remind the other”, women’s experience with transactions being lower than that of men, especially that they tend to forget.  In any case, this should not prevent judges and rulers from taking into consideration all the circumstances surrounding a case or prevailing in society in general, especially with regard to the rapid fundamental changes taking place in life in general.In addition, this rule which is applicable in one special situation does not necessarily mean that a woman is viewed as an inferior being.  The primary concern behind such a rule is merely to confirm the validity of a testimony, as it is with other crime cases where the testimony of four men is required, and where, here again, the purpose is not to jeopardize the integrity of the witnesses but simply to be reassured about the truth of the testimony.  It is Allah who stipulates that; “If any of your women commit fornication, call in four witness es from among yourselves against them.” (Surah Nisa,’15) And He also states; “Those that defame honorable women and cannot produce four witnesses shall be given eighty lashes. (Surah Nur, 4)Moreover, it is a well-known fact that medical research has proved that, for a few days each month, a woman is not in her normal mental and psychological states.In two instances a woman counts clearly as half a man. Verse2;282 requires all transactions of contracting a debt to be put in writing. Such writing needs corroboration by two witnesses. The Qur’an rules that two male witnesses must be called in, but it two men cannot be found then three must be one man and two women. The obvious conclusion is that woman alone cannot be called as witness, and that when one man is lacking only  two women can replace him. The other instance is of course the rule contained in verse iv;12 which fixes the share of a male inheritor as twice that of a female inheritor. (SNV)

Why does the shadow move?  48. Have they not observed things that Allah has created, (how) their shadows incline to the right and to the left, making prostration unto Allah, and they are lowly? (Surah An-Nahl 48).

Why does Allah (SWT) test people? In the Qur’an there are more than twenty instances of examinations that have been attributed to Allah (SWT). This is a general law (of conduct) of Allah (SWT), implemented by Him for the development of man’s hidden abilities (and bringing them from potentiality into actuality), thereby enabling him to progress. Just as iron, for acquiring greater strength, is put into a furnace to make it tempered, similarly man is also nurtured within the furnace of adversities in order that he becomes steadfast. In reality, the examination of Allah (SWT) resembles the work of an experienced gardener, who sows the seeds in a fertile soil. These seeds, benefiting from the natural bounties, begin to grow gradually – combating adversities, battling unfavorable conditions and enduring violent storms – until they end up in the form of a spray or a copious gargantuan tree, capable of continuing their existence in the face of hardships. And this is the secret of Divine examinations. The Noble Qur’an has asserted this reality, when it says;  “And that Allah might test what was in your chests and that He might purge what was in your hearts; and Allah knows what is in the hearts.” (Surah Ale-Imran 154).

Why earth and sky made by Allah (SWT)? The Qur’an teaches that Allah made the earth a bed or a carpet which he spread out and placed on it mountains as pegs to keep it stable. Allah also made the heavens as a roof, a dome to cover the earth. The Qur’an further presumes that the earth is stationary, remaining in a fixed position, not moving. 22. Who has made the earth a resting place for you, and the sky as a canopy, and sent down water (rain) from the sky and brought forth therewith fruits as a provision for you. Then do not set up rivals unto Allah (in worship) while you know (that He Alone has the right to be worshipped). ( 2:22) 3. And it is He Who spread out the earth, and placed therein firm mountains and rivers and of every kind of fruits He made Zawjain Ithnain (two in pairs – may mean two kinds or it may mean: of two sorts, e.g. black and white, sweet and sour, small and big, etc.) He brings the night as a cover over the day. Verily, in these things, there are Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.) for people who reflect.  (Surah Ar-Ra’d: 3) 19. And the earth We spread out, and placed therein firm mountains, and caused to grow therein all kinds of things in due proportion. Surah Al-Hijr ;19)And He has set up on the earth mountains standing firm, lest IT [the earth] should shake with you; and rivers and roads; that ye may guide yourselves; (Surah An-Nahl:15)Who has laid out the earth as a carpet for you and has traced highways on it for you, and sent down water from the sky, We have brought forth every sort of plant with it, of various types. (Surah Ta-ha:53)Do you not see that Allah has made subservient to you whatsoever is in the earth and the ships running in the sea by His command? And He withholds the heaven FROM FALLING ON THE EARTH except with His permission; most surely Allah is Compassionate, Merciful to men. (Surah Al-Hajj:65)Is not He (better than your gods) Who has made the earth as A FIXED ABODE, and has placed rivers in its midst, and has placed firm mountains therein, and has set a barrier between the two seas (of salt and sweet water). Is there any ilah (god) with Allah? Nay, but most of them know not. (Surah An-Naml:61)Among His signs are [the fact] that the sky and earth HOLD FIRM at His command. Then whenever He calls you forth out of the earth once and for all, you will (all) come forth! (Surah Ar-Rum:25)He created the heavens without any pillars THAT YE CAN SEE; He set on the earth mountains standing firm, lest it should shake with you; and He scattered through it beasts of all kinds. We send down rain from the sky, and produce on the earth every kind of noble creature, in pairs. (Surah Luqman;10)Verily! Allah grasps the heavens and the earth LEST THEY MOVE away from their places, and if they were TO MOVE away from their places, there is not one that could grasp them after Him. Truly, He is Ever Most Forbearing, Oft Forgiving. (Surah Fatir41)It is God who made for you the earth A FIXED PLACE and heaven for an edifice; And He shaped you, and shaped you well, and provided you with the good things. That then is God, your Lord, so blessed be God, the Lord of all Being. (Surah Al-Mu’min64)(Yea, the same that) has made for you the earth (like a carpet) spread out, and has made for you roads (and channels) therein, in order that ye may find guidance (on the way); ( Surah Az-Zukuhrf:10)What, have they not beheld heaven above them, how We have built it, and decked it out fair, AND IT HAS NO CRACKS? And the earth — We stretched it forth, and cast on it firm mountains, and We caused to grow therein of every joyous kind … Allah built the heavens without any cracks. (Surah Qaf :6-7)And the earth WE have spread out, and how excellently do WE spread it out! (Surah Az-Zariyat:48)It is He Who has spread out the earth for (His) creatures: ( Surah Ar-Rahman:10)Who hath created seven heavens in harmony. Thou (Muhammad) canst see no fault in the Beneficent One’s creation; then look again: Canst thou see any RIFTS? Then look again and yet again, thy sight will return unto thee weakened and made dim. And verily We have beautified the world’s heaven with lamps, and We have made them missiles for the devils, and for them We have prepared the doom of flame.Who could ever imagine and which scientist would accept that stars or meteors (i.e. lamps) are used as missiles against spirit beings like the devils? (Surah Al-Mulk:3-5)Have you not regarded how God created seven heavens one upon another, and set the moon therein for a light and the sun for a lamp? And God caused you to grow out of the earth, then He shall return you into it, and bring you forth. And God has laid the earth for you as a carpet, that thereof you may thread ways, ravines. (Surah Nuh:15-20)Have WE not made the earth AS A BED, And the mountains AS PEGS? (Surah An-Nabaa:6-7)What, are you stronger in constitution or the heaven He built? He lifted up its vault, and levelled it, and darkened its night, and brought forth its forenoon; and the earth – after that He spread it out, (Surah An-Nazi’at:27-30)Nor even how the earth has been FLATTENED out? ( Surah Al-Gashiya:20)By the heaven and That which built it and by the earth and That which extended it! (Surah Ash-Shams:5-6) snv

Why Eve had been created? One morning Adam awoke to find a woman gazing at him. Adam opened his eyes and looked into the beautiful face of a woman gazing down at him. Adam was surprised and asked the woman why she had been created. She revealed that she was to ease his loneliness and bring tranquility to him. The Angels questioned Adam. They knew that Adam possessed knowledge of things they did not know about and the knowledge mankind would need to occupy the earth. They said ‘who is this?’ and Adam replied ‘this is Eve’. Eve is Hawwa in Arabic; it comes from the root word hay, meaning living. Eve is also an English variant of the old Hebrew word Havva, also deriving from hay. Adam informed the Angels that Eve was so named because she was made from a part of him and him, Adam, was a living being. “And God said; ‘O Mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Adam) and from Him (Adam) He created his wife (Eve), and from them both He created many men and women.'” (Qur’an 4;1) God said to Adam, “eat both of you freely with pleasure and delight of things therein as wherever you will…” (Surah Al-Baqarah;  35) God continued his instructions to Adam and Eve by warning them “…come not near this tree or you both will be of the wrongdoers.” (Surah Al-Baqarah;  35) What is understood is that Adam and Eve lived a tranquil existence and understood that they were forbidden to eat from the tree. The traditions of Prophet Muhammad relate that Eve was created while Adam was sleeping from his shortest left rib and that, after sometime, she was clothed with flesh. He (Prophet Muhammad) used the story of Eve’s creation from Adam’s rib as a basis for imploring people to be gentle and kind to women. “O Muslims! I advise you to be gentle with women, for they are created from a rib, and the most crooked portion of the rib is its upper part. If you try to straighten it, it will break, and if you leave it, it will remain crooked; so I urge you to take care of the women.” (Saheeh Al-Bukhari)

Why Fasting is prescribed by Allah (SWT) to Muslims? According to the Gospels, Jesus fasted for forty days. Matthew 4;2; “And he fasted forty days and forty nights, and afterward he was hungry.” (See also Matthew 6;16 and 17;21) This was in accordance with the practice of the earlier prophets. Moses is also recorded in Exodus 34;28, to have fasted; “And he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights; he neither ate bread nor drank water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.” The purpose of fasting is clearly defined in Qur’an;  Allah, the Almighty says; 183. O you who believe! Observing As-Saum (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqun (the pious). (Surah Al-Baqarah,183) as being for the development of God-consciousness. Only God knows who is actually fasting and who is not. Consequently, one who is fasting refrains from eating and drinking based on an awareness of God. Regular fasting heightens that awareness, which subsequently leads to a greater inclination towards righteousness. The believers are required to fast from dawn until dusk for the whole month of Ramadaan (the ninth month of the lunar calendar).  Fasting Ramadan is obedience to Allah the Almighty, and it is prescribed as a way of training our mind and body in self-restraint. The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong). So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Saum (fasts) that month, and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fasts) must be made up] from other days. “Allah intends for you ease and He does not want to make things difficult for you. (He wants that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allah [i.e. to say Takbir (Allahu-Akbar; Allah is the Most Great) on seeing the crescent of the months of Ramadan and Shawwal] for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him. (Surah Al-Baqarah;185) Fasting helps Muslims develop self-control; gain a better understanding of Allah (SWT)’s gifts and greater compassion towards the deprived. Fasting in Islam involves abstaining from all bodily pleasures between dawn and sunset. It is not just the food and drink which is forbidden, but also everything which can be associated with evil such as foul speaking, lying, ogling etc. Thus, while fasting one may not only control his nibbling of food, drinking of coffee and smoking, but also control one’s anger and excessive sexual passions. ln fact, fasting not only gives a rest to the stomach but also stabilizes the secretions of hormones which control behavior.  Ramadan is the period of rest for the digestive system, which is responsible for the metabolism process of food.  Consequently, the liver also takes rest as it is the main factory of food metabolism.  Some studies revealed that abstaining from drinking water for about 10-12 hours is not necessarily bad; it is rather useful in many cases.  Concentration of liquids in the body causes moderate dehydration that the body can tolerate, as there is a sufficient liquid reserve, and as long as man has no complaint of renal lithiasis, both kidneys get rest of the process of waste disposing.  Shortage of liquids leads in turn to moderate decrease of blood pressure that the normal man can tolerate and be of use to those complaining of hypertension. Fasting is useful as it has a restraining power over the soul’s whimsies, and an urge to abandon bad habits, especially when the smoker is obliged to abstain from smoking even if for a temporary period, on the hope such abandon will be permanent.   This is also applied to drinking too much coffee and tea.   The fasting person feels complacent, attains mental and psychological rest, refrains from all that disturbs the integrity of his fasting, and maintains the proper behavior controls, that all reflect positively on the general community.

Why heart is so important in the sight of God?  23. Say it is He Who has created you, and endowed you with hearing (ears), seeing (eyes), and hearts. Little thanks you give. (Surah Al-Mulk ;23) 9. Then He fashioned him in due proportion, and breathed into him the soul (created by Allah for that person), and He gave you hearing (ears), sight (eyes) and hearts. Little is the thanks you give! (Surah As-Sajdah ;9)78. It is He, Who has created for you (the sense of) hearing (ears), sight (eyes), and hearts (understanding). Little thanks you give. (Surah Al-Mu’minun ;78). While we think that the pacemaker is a great achievement, we have to remember that it was not an innovation per se. The human pacemaker was built to mimic an already existing model, the divine model. It is still a great achievement despite its risks, thousands of dollars of expense, need for hospitalization, and its short-term utility. The divine pacemaker is the size of a lentil seed compared to the egg-sized human pacemaker. The divine one comes connected with wires that do not rust or erode and sends impulses to the heart from birth to death. I asked myself, “How many electrical impulses does this tiny pacemaker send in a lifetime of a person ordering his heart to beat?” If we assume that the heart beats 70 times per minute, it would receive 4,200 impulses per hour, 100,800 per day, 3,024,000 per month, 36,288,000 per year, and thus 2,540,160,000 in 70 years. These impulses keep the heart of a human beating, awake or asleep, day or night. Considering there are seven billon humans on earth as we speak, and billions of animals as well, it becomes mind boggling to try to calculate the number of the these impulses that these divine pacemakers send every minute to keep this world alive. These tiny objects are divine miracles and speak for God’s existence, power and perfection. Reaching that stage of thinking, I spontaneously brought myself down with my head on the ground, saying subḥānaka yā Badī` al-samāwāti wa al-arḍ (Glory to You, the Perfect Creator of the skies and the earth). 26. And indeed We had firmly established them with that wherewith We have not established you (O Quraish)! And We had assigned them the (faculties of) hearing (ears), seeing (eyes), and hearts, but their hearing (ears), seeing (eyes), and their hearts availed them nothing since they used to deny the Ayat(Allah’s Prophets and their Prophethood, proofs, evidences, verses, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, and they were completely encircled by that which they used to mock at! (Surah Al-Ahqaf ;26).

Why homicide carries a double sin? An incident has been recorded in the Qur’an when Haabil (Abel) told his elder brother Qaabil (Cain); “And (O Muhammad recite to them (the Jews) the story of the two sons of Adam (Habil and Qabil) in truth; when each offered a sacrifice to Allah, it was accepted from the one but not from the other. The latter said to the former; I will surely kill you. The former said , ‘Ve1ily, Allah accepts only from those who are Al-Muttaqin (the pious).” (Surah al-Maidah;27)” If you do stretch your hand against me to kill me, I shall never stretch my hand against you to kill you; for I fear Allah, the Lord of the Worlds” (Surah Al-Maidah;28) “Verily, I intend to let you draw my sin on yourself as well as yours, then you will be one of the dwellers of the Fire; and that is the recompense of the Zalimun (polytheists and Wrong-doers).” (Surah al-Maidah;29) In these verses, Allah (SWT) wants us to know that homicide carries a double sin, one of the act itself and the other of putting an end to someone else‘s life who could have done much good for himself and for others if he were alive. Hence, whatever sins Habil might have committed would be deducted from him and added on to sins of Qabil on the Day of Judgement..

Why humans can stand up?  O man, what tempted you away from your God – The Most Generous? Him who created you and put you in order and straightened you out. (Surah Al-Infitar;6-7).