Divine Verses 6

What is Muslim views on stewardship?  The Prophet’s philosophy is first of all holistic; it assumes a fundamental link and interdependency between all natural elements and bases its teachings on the premise that if man abuses or exhausts one element, the natural world as a whole will suffer direct consequences. This belief is nowhere formulated in one concise phrase; it is rather an underlying principle that forms the foundation of all the Prophet’s actions and words, a life philosophy that defined him as a person!!The three most important principles of the Prophet’s philosophy of nature are based on the Qur’anic teachings and the concepts of tawhid (unity), khalifa (stewardship) and amana (trust).Tawhid, the oneness of God, is a cornerstone of the Islamic faith. It recognizes the fact that there is one absolute Creator and that man is responsible to Him for all his actions;“To God belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth, for God encompasses everything.” (Surah Al Nisa’a;126) The Prophet acknowledges that God’s knowledge and power covers everything. Therefore abusing one of his creations, whether it is a living being or a natural resource, is a sin. The Prophet considered all of God’s creations to be equal before God and he believed animals, but also land, forests and watercourses should have rights.
The concepts of khalifa, stewardship, and amana, trust, emerge from the principle of tawhid. The Qur’an explains that mankind holds a privileged position among God’s creations on earth; he is chosen as khalifa, “vice-regent” and carries the responsibility of caring for God’s earthly creations. Each individual is given this task and privilege in the form of God’s trust. But the Qur’an repeatedly warns believers against arrogance; they are no better than other creatures.“No creature is there on earth nor a bird flying with its wings but they are nations like you;” (Surah Al Anam 6;38)“Surely the creation of the heavens and the earth is greater than the creation of man; but most people know not.” (Surah Ghafir 40;57)The Prophet believed that the universe and the creations in it – animals, plants, water, land – were not created for mankind. Man is allowed to use the resources but he can never own them. Thus while Islam allows land ownership, it has limitations; an owner can, for example, only own land if he uses it; once he ceases to use it, he has to part with his possession.
The Prophet recognized man’s responsibility to God but always maintained humility. Thus he said; “When doomsday comes, if someone has a palm shoot in his hand, he should plant it,” suggesting that even when all hope is lost for mankind, one should sustain nature’s growth. He believed that nature remains a good in itself, even if man does not benefit from it.Similarly, the Prophet incited believers to share the earth’s resources. He said; “Muslims share alike in three things – water, herbage and fire,” and he considered it a sin to withhold water from the thirsty.“No one can refuse surplus water without sinning against Allah and against man.” (Mishkat al Masabih)

What is next to piety in the sight of God? 9. And if two parties or groups among the believers fall to fighting, then make peace between them both, but if one of them rebels against the other, then fight you (all) against the one that which rebels till it complies with the Command of Allah then if it complies, then make reconciliation between them justly, and be equitable. Verily! Allah loves those who are equitable. (Surah Al-Hujuraat;  9) 8. O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah and be just witnesses and let not the enmity and hatred of others make you avoid justice. Be just; that is nearer to piety, and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do. (Surah al-Maidah; 8).

What is obligation to love the Prophet Muhammad PBUH? Allah asks the Prophet to remind his Nation that it is essential for those who claim to love God, to love His Prophet ;“Say to them; If you love God, follow (and love and honor) me, and God will love you” (The Holy Qur’an 3;31). This obligation to love the Prophet means to obey him, to remember him, to follow his example, and to be proud of him as Allah is proud of him, since Allah has boasted about him in His Holy Book by saying;“Truly you are of a magnificient character” (The Holy Qur’an, Surrah al-Qalam 4). Perfection of faith is dependent on love of the Prophet because Allah and His angels are constantly raising his honor, as is meant in the verse;“Allah and His angels are praying on the Prophet” (The Holy Qur’an,33;56).The Divine order that immediately follows in the verse;“O believers, pray on him,”makes it clear that the quality of being a believer is dependent on and manifested by praying on the Prophet. Allah! Send peace and blessings on the Prophet, his family, and his companions.

What is physically sent down from the sky mentioned in the Qur’an? The iron is one of the four most frequently found elements in the world. For ages, it had a vital importance for mankind.  Iron is not natural to the earth. It did not form on the earth but came down to earth from outer space. This may sound strange but it’s true. Scientists have found that billions of years ago the earth was stuck by meteorites. These meteorites were carrying Iron from distant stars which had exploded. Iron is one of the elements which are physically highlighted in the Qur’an that it is sent down from the sky. In Sura Hadid,  we are informed; “…And We sent down iron in which there lies great force and which has many uses for mankind.” (Surah Al-Hadid; 25). God uses the words ‘sent down’ for Iron. It is clear from the verse that Iron is not an earthly material, but was sent down for the benefit of humanity. The fact that Iron came down to earth from outer space is something which could not be known by the primitive science of the 7th century.
“Al-Hadid” means “iron”`in Arabic. It is the 57th Surah in the Qur’an. The numerical numbers of the letters of the word “Al-Hadid” is the same; 57.The numerical number of only the word “Hadid” (iron) is 26 Twenty-six’ is the atomic number of iron.The word “sent down,” particularly used for iron in the verse, could be thought of having a metaphorical meaning to explain that iron has been given to benefit people. But when we take into consideration the literal meaning of the word, which is, “being physically sent down from the sky”, we realize that this verse implies a very significant scientific miracle. This is because modern astronomical findings have disclosed that the iron found in our world has come from the giant stars in outer space. The heavy metals in the universe are produced in the nuclei of big stars. Our solar system, however, does not possess a suitable structure for producing iron on its own. Iron can only be produced in much bigger stars than the Sun, where the temperature reaches a few hundred million degrees. When the amount of iron exceeds a certain level in a star, the star can no longer accommodate it, and eventually it explodes in what is called a “nova” or a “supernova”. As a result of this explosion, meteors containing iron are scattered around the universe, and they move through the void until attracted by the gravitational force of a celestial body. All this shows that iron did not form on the Earth, but was carried from exploding stars in space via meteors, and was “sent down to earth”, in exactly the same way as stated in the verse; It is clear that this fact could not have been scientifically known in the 7th century, when the Qur’an was revealed. The above verse not only makes clear the origin of iron and accordingly the origin of the earth, but also throws light on its hardness and usefulness for mankind. One of these uses was demonstrated by Zulqarnain, as narrated in the following verses; Until when he (Zulqarnain) reached (a place) between two mountains he found on the other side of the (two mountains) a people who could hardly understand a word. They said, “O Zulqarnain, Yajooj (Gog) and Majooj (Magog) are causing corruption in the earth. Then shall we pay you a tribute on (condition) that you make a barrier between us and them? He said, “That in which my Fosterer has established me is better, so help me with strength (workers), I will make between you and them a strong bank (or wall), Bring me blocks of iron”. Then at the point when he had leveled (the space) between the two mountain sides, he said, “Blow”, until when he made it (red hot) fire, he said, “Bring me molten copper which I may pour over it”. Thus they all (communities of Yahoo & Majooj) were not able to climb it nor were they able to pierce it. He said, “This is a mercy from my Fosterer but when the promise of my Fosterer comes to pass, He will make it crumble to pieces and the promise of my Fosterer is true” (Surah Kahf;  93-98); When a metallurgist reads the above verses, the first thing that would strike him is the corrosion resistance property of copper. The assembled blocks of iron were in a heated or red hot state and could have possibly reacted with atmospheric oxygen to form iron oxide. When molten copper was poured over iron oxide the possibility of formation of copper ferrite cannot be ruled out. This material is ceramic and is acid resistant. The molten copper which covered the iron blocks by flowing over it must have also acted as a surface coating increasing the corrosion resistance property. Copper flowing into the interstices must have bound the blocks of assembled iron, by establishing metal continuity due to the mechanism called diffusion. Diffusion of copper in iron and iron in copper to some extent is possible and it increases the strength and hardness of the alloy so formed which is especially useful in resisting certain types of corrosion.  The Qur’an has thus touched even the specialized field of metallurgy and provided guidance to us and thus proved that it is a guide for mankind in all fields till the end of the universe. Had we reflected (and acted upon) such scientific and technical subjects in the Qur’an earlier, we would have been in a position to guide mankind in those fields, in which, unfortunately, now the non Muslims excel..snv

What is punishment for adultery or fornication in Islam? “2. The woman and the man guilty of illegal sexual intercourse, flog each of them with a hundred stripes. Let not pity withhold you in their case, in a punishment prescribed by Allah, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. And let a party of the believers witness their punishment. (This punishment is for unmarried persons guilty of the above crime but if married persons commit it, the punishment is to stone them to death, according to Allah’s Law). (Surah an-Nur; 2)….And come not near to the unlawful sexual intercourse. Verily, it is a Fahishah [i.e. anything that transgresses its limits (a great sin)], and an evil way (that leads one to Hell unless Allah forgives him). (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel; 32).

What is Qiblah → The qiblah is the direction that Muslims face when engaged in ritual prayer, facing Makkah, in modern-day Saudi Arabia. During Muslim prayers, worshipers stand in straight rows, all turned in a single direction. The imam (prayer leader) stands in front of them, also facing the same direction (with his back to the congregation).In the early years of Islam, the qiblah direction was towards the city of Jerusalem.In 624 C.E. (two years after the Hijrah), the Prophet Muhammad received a revelation from Allah to change the direction towards the Sacred Mosque, home of the Ka’aba in Makkah.”Turn then your face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque. Wherever you are, turn your faces in that direction. The people of the Book know well that it is the truth from their Lord” (Surah Al-Baqarah;144). It is believed that having a qiblah gives worshipers a way to achieve unity and focus in prayer. Although the qiblah faces the Ka’aba in Makkah, it should be noted that Muslims direct their worship only to Almighty God, the Creator. The Ka’aba is merely a capital and focal point for the entire Muslim world.”To Allah belongs the east and the West. Wherever you turn, there is the presence of Allah. For Allah is all-Pervading, all-Knowing” (Surah Al-Baqarah 115) In the early years of Islam, Muslims  turned towards Jerusalem in prayer. The qibla is not only about degrees of latitude or longitude it is about unity. It is about humankind united in the worship of the One God, Creator, and Sustainer of the universe.  Throughout the centuries, mathematicians and astronomers have established correct ways to determine the qibla (direction) from any point on the earth’s surface. There are two precise moments each year when the sun is directly above the  Kaaba , thus the direction of shadows in any sunlit place will point away from the qibla. There are also two moments per year when the sun is directly over the exact opposite position of the  Kaaba , thus pointing towards the qibla.

What is Qur’an? The Holy Qur’an is the Last Testament or Revelation of Allah (SWT) revealed to Prophet Muhaminad (PBUH) over 1440 year ago. The best answer to the question “What is Qur’an” is provided by Allah – the Lord and Rabb of everything that is ever created and exists. The following are some of the descriptions about Qur’an within the Qur’an asserting its authority as a divine book revealed for the entire humanity at large.Qur’an is undoubtedly the word of Allah (God) Qur’an is a book that is the word of Allah (God) and there is no doubt about its divinity. The claim is made  by no one but Allah Himself.Allah (SWT) says in the Holy Qur’an;” This is the Book (the Qur’an), whereof there is no doubt, a guidance to those who are Al-Muttaqun [the pious and righteous persons who fear Allah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has forbidden) and love Allah much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)]. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 2) Allah makes it clear in the Qur’an that it could not have been revealed by anyone other than Him. He says; 37. And this Qur’an is not such as could ever be produced by other than Allah (Lord of the heavens and the earth), but it is a confirmation of (the revelation)which was before it [i.e. the Taurat (Torah), and the Injeel (Gospel), etc.], and a full explanation of the Book (i.e. laws and orders, etc, decreed for mankind) – wherein there is no doubt from the the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns,and all that exists)(Surah Younus, Verse 37)”  Ha-Mim.[These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur’an, and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings]. By the manifest Book (that makes things clear, i.e. this Qur’an). We verily, have made it a Qur’an in Arabic, that you may be able to understand (its meanings and its admonitions). And Verily, it (this Qur’an) is in the Mother of the Book (i.e. Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz), before Us, indeed Exalted, full of Wisdom..” (Surah Az-Zukhruf; 1-4) Alif-Lam-Ra.[These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur’an, and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings].(This is) a Book which We have revealed unto you (O Muhammad ) in order that you might lead mankind out of darkness (of disbelief and 1Mighty, the Owner of all Praise. (Surah Ibrahim; 1) “And if anyone of the Mushrikun (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) seeks your protection then grant him protection, so that he may hear the Word of Allah (the Qur’an), and then escort him to where he can be secure, that is because they are men who know not. (Surah At-Taubah; 6) “Allah has sent down to you the Book (The Qur’an), and Al-Hikmah (Islamic laws, knowledge of legal and illegal things i.e. the Prophet’s Sunnah – legal ways), and taught you that which you knew not. (Surah An-Nisaa; 113) “O mankind! Verily, there has come to you a convincing proof (Prophet Muhammad ) from your Lord, and We sent down to you a manifest light (this Qur’an). (Surah An-Nisaa’; 174)“And this is a blessed Reminder (the Qur’an) which We have sent down, will you then (dare to) deny it? (Surah Al-Anbiyah’; 50)  It is the word of the Almighty God, the Originator of everything and the One Who encompasses everything with His knowledge. The Qur’an cannot be produced by any creature.  As how could any creature reveal such scientific facts and signs, as indicated above in some Qur’anic verses, that were impossible to be known with the level of knowledge at the time of revelation?   The Qur’an, with the description of all these scientific facts in accurate terms that fit with the modern rules of science, affirms that this is revealed by Allah. Man only unfolded these signs so many centuries after it had been revealed by Allah, with the help of modern technology.  The Qur’an is the word of Allah Who has created everything and knows the slightest details of His creation.  Although they possessed and knew the tools of the Arabic language, the unbelievers of Makkah were challenged to produce one verse of such Qur’an. Yet, up to date and till doomsday the challenge still stands; “Say; “If the mankind and the jinns were together to produce the like of this Qur’an, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they helped one another.” (Surah Al-Asraa 88) Allah also says in the Holy Qur’an; “If it had been from other than Allah, surely they would have found in it much inconsistencies” (Surah An-Nisaa’; 82) With the passage of ages, every word of Qur’an still reveals the divine and miraculous nature of this Holy Book.  For the believers of Qur’an, this is a message to hold fast to this divine book and receive it as their only guide in this world and the Hereafter; “And this is a Book We have sent down and blesses, so follow it and have fear of Allah so that hopefully you will gain mercy.” (Surah Al-An’am 155). For the unbelievers, it is a call to open their minds and hearts to word of Allah, the Holy Qur’an, and  contemplate and ponder the last revelation to mankind. Yet, Allah remarks; 29. And say; “The truth is from your Lord.” Then whosoever wills, let him believe, and whosoever wills, let him disbelieve. Verily, We have prepared for theZalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.), a Fire whose walls will be surrounding them (disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah). And if they ask for help (relief, water, etc.) they will be granted water like boiling oil, that will scald their faces. Terrible the drink, and an evil Murtafaqa (dwelling, resting place, etc.)! (Surah Al-Kahf; 29) And; “No Indeed! It is a reminder, and whoso wills, pays heed to it”  (Surah Abasa;  11-12) and Who also says; “Soon will We show them our signs in the furthest horizons, and in their own souls, until it becomes manifest to them that this is the Truth” (Surah Fussilat; 53)..

What is Quran’s language and why?“Qur’an in Arabic, without any crookedness (therein) in order that they may guard against Evil. (xxxix.28 )

What is required of the Muslim to do When he hears the Qur’an being Recited? It is required that one listens and Ponders upon the meanings of the Qur’an With humility. The proof is in the Qur’an;”When the Qur’an is recited, listen to it, (and Pay attention) and be silent that you may Receive mercy.” (Surah Al-Asraa; 204 )..

What is Revelation? Revelation means communication from Allah (SWT) to man. From earliest times man has been preoccupied with the idea and experience of communication with God. This communication is confirmed in the Holy Qur’an where Allah (SWT) relates that at the time man began his life on earth, He affirmed the establishment of such communication “38. We said; “Get down all of you from this place (the Paradise), and then whenever there comes to you Guidance from Me, and whoever follows My Guidance, there shall be no fear on them, nor shall they grieve.””(Surah Al-Baqarah; 38) This promise was addressed to all the children of Adam and stated in another Surah. 35. O Children of Adam! If there come to you Messengers from amongst you, reciting to you, My Verses, then whosoever becomes pious and righteous, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.36. But those who reject Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and treat them with arrogance, they are the dwellers of the (Hell) Fire, they will abide therein forever. 37. Who is more unjust than one who invents a lie against Allah or rejects His Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.)? For such their appointed portion (good things of this worldly life and their period of stay therein) will reach them from the Book (of Decrees) until, when Our Messengers (the angel of death and his assistants) come to them to take their souls, they (the angels) will say; “Where are those whom you used to invoke and worship besides Allah,” they will reply, “They have vanished and deserted us.” And they will bear witness against themselves, that they were disbelievers. (Surah Al-A’raf 35-37)”  ‘the fulfillment of this promise was mentioned in another verse; “And verily we have raised in every nation a messenger'(proclaiming); Serve Allah and shun false gods…”(Surah an-Nahl; 36) Some of the revelations were recorded in writing, including theTaurat of Prophet Musa, the Zabur of Prophet Dawud, the Injil  of Prophet Isa and the Qur’an of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). The basic message of all these revelations was the same. In the Qur’an however, they were given in their complete and final form, and recorded and preserved as guidance for all times to come and all places. 105. And with truth We have sent it down (i.e. the Qur’an), and with truth it has descended. And We have sent you (O Muhammad ) as nothing but a bearer of glad tidings (of Paradise, for those who follow your Message of Islamic Monotheism), and a Warner (of Hell-fire for those who refuse to follow your Message of Islamic Monotheism).106. And (it is) a Qur’an which We have divided (into parts), in order that you might recite it to men at intervals. And We have revealed it by stages. (in 23 years).107. Say (O Muhammad  to them); “Believe in it (the Qur’an) or do not believe (in it). Verily! Those who were given knowledge before it (the Jews and the Christians like ‘Abdullah bin Salam and Salman Al-Farsi); when it is recited to them, fall down on their faces in humble prostration. (Surah Al-Asraa 105-107).

What is Riba (Interest)? A Muslim also forbidden to practice the giving or taking of interest (Riba). The Qur’an says; 130. O you who believe! Eat not Riba (usury) doubled and multiplied, but fear Allah that you may be successful. Surah Ale-Imran (130) 275. Those who eat Riba (usury) will not stand (on the Day of Resurrection) except like the standing of a person beaten by Shaitan(Satan) leading him to insanity. That is because they say; “Trading is only like Riba (usury),” whereas Allah has permitted trading and forbidden Riba (usury). So whosoever receives an admonition from his Lord and stops eating Riba (usury) shall not be punished for the past; his case is for Allah (to judge); but whoever returns [to Riba (usury)], such are the dwellers of the Fire – they will abide therein.276. Allah will destroy Riba (usury) and will give increase for Sadaqat (deeds of charity, alms, etc.) And Allah likes not the disbelievers, sinners.278. O you who believe! Be afraid of Allah and give up what remains (due to you) from Riba (usury) (from now onward), if you are (really) believers. Surah Al-Baqarah;  (275-278)Snv..

What is Shirk Asghar? Minor Shirk (Shirk Asghar) is to worship Allah (SWT) so as to be seen by others. Allah (SWT) says;  “So whoever hopes for the meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.” (Surah Al-Kahf; 110) The Prophet  said;  “What I fear most for you is Shirk Asghar – Ar-Riya (worshipping to be seen by others).” (Ahmad) Included in Shirk Asghar is the saying; “Were it not for so-and-so, it is Allah (SWT) and so-and-so’s will.”  The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  said; “Do not say; It is the Will of Allah (SWT) and so-and-so, rather say; ‘It is the Will of Allah (SWT) and then because of so-and-so’.” (Ahmad).

What is social etiquette recommended for Muslims? 11. O you who believe! When you are told to make room in the assemblies, (spread out and) make room. Allah will give you (ample) room (from His Mercy). And when you are told to rise up [for prayers, Jihad (holy fighting in Allah ‘s Cause), or for any other good deed], rise up. Allah will exalt in degree those of you who believe, and those who have been granted knowledge. And Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do.  (Surah al-Majadallah;  11).

What is Talaq-e-Rajai (second divorce)? The divorce is twice, after that, either you retain her on reasonable terms or release her with kindness. And it is not lawful for you (men) to take back (from your wives) any of your Mahr (bridal money given by the husband to his wife at the time of marriage) which you have given them, except when both parties fear that they would be unable to keep the limits ordained by Allah  (e.g. to deal with each other on a fair basis). Then if you fear that they would not be able to keep the limits ordained by Allah, then there is no sin on either of them if she gives back (the Mahr or a part of it) for her Al-Khul’ (divorce). These are the limits ordained by Allah, so do not transgress them. And whoever transgresses the limits ordained by Allah (SWT), then such are the Zalimun (wrong-doers, etc.). (Surah Al-Baqarah; 229).

What is Taqwa?  Taqwa, in Arabic for God-fearing, means saving, guarding or’ preserving a thing from that which harms or injures it. In a religious sense, it means guarding against evil or being saved from sin, and in the terminology of Shariah, connotes keeping aloof from all that is injurious to the human souls. The root meaning of Taqwa, is to save oneself from anything that causes apprehension of being harmful or injurious, it therefore includes the fear or apprehension of the consequences that follow from a certain act or behavior. By extension, it means the awareness of one’s responsibilities to others… According to Quraan, Taqwa should be the ultimate result of all forms of worship.  Says the Qur’an; People! Worship your RABB (Creator and Sustainer) WHO created you and those before you, so that you may guard against evil. ( Surah Al-Baqarah;  21)  Throughout time, Muslims constantly advise one another to fear Allah and I have taqwa of Him. This is a good thing to do as it has been recommended to us in many places in the Qur’an and the Sunnah. To have taqwa is to put, between ourselves and anything we fear, a guard that will protect us from it. The guard in this case is our obedience to our Lord, subhanahu wa ta’ala. Doing what He orders and avoiding what He prohibited will save us from the Hellfire and lead us into the jannah. “Taqwa (piety) is that you act in obedience to Allah, and hope in His mercy, upon alight from Him; and Taqwa is leaving acts of disobedience to Allah out of fear of Him, upon a light from Him.”To have taqwa is to have the means of success, not just in the Hereafter, but in this World also. Indeed, taqwa is the reason for getting blessings from the heaven and the earth, Allah says, “And, if the people of the towns, had believed and had taqwa, certainly we would have opened (bestowed) for them blessings from the heaven and the earth. (Surah Al-A’raf;  96) Taqwa enables the servant of Allah to, successful; distinguish the truth from the falsehood, and to have knowledge of each one of them. Allah says, O you who believe, if you have taqwa of Allah, He will give you a Furqan.” ( Surah An-Najm; 28) The effect of taqwa is emphasized in many verses in the Qur’an, Allah says; “O you who believe! Have taqwa of Allah and believe in His Messenger; and He will bestow upon you a double portion of His Mercy and He will provide you with a light by which you will walk. ( Surah Al-Hadid; 28). An animal sacrifice is also offered with this very aim. “Neither their meat nor their blood reaches Allah but your piety reaches Him….” ( Surah Al-Hajj; 37) According to Qur’an, the practice of basic moralities lead to the same goal and to forego (for men) is nearer to piety” (Surah Al-Baqarah; 237) 125. “Yes, if you hold on to patience and piety, and the enemy comes rushing at you; your Lord will help you with five thousand angels having marks (of distinction).” (Surah Ale-Imran; 125 ) Even in conducting wars, when mere values are generally over-looked, Muslims have to abide by the dictates of Taqwa and patience. A Muslim surrenders before Allah and does what he is ordered to do and refrains from what he is told to keep away from, Taqwa the fear of Allah, is the only force that can restrain man from evil and wickedness. It is this fear of Allah that keeps the heart of a believer awake and enables him to distinguish right from wrong. A Besides ‘Taqwa is the only virtue, that brings honor to a believer, man or woman, in’the Islamic society. Says’ Qur’an “O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honourable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa [i.e. one of the Muttaqun (pious)]. Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware. (Surah Al-Hujuraat; 13) In Islam, being just is considered to be a necessary condition for being pious and ’God-fearing, the basic characteristic of a Muslim. Says Qur’an;” O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah and be just witnesses and let not the enmity and hatred of others make you avoid justice. Be just; that is nearer to piety, and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do. (Surah Al-Maidah;  8).

What is taught by God to Adam and why? He was given qualities of mercy, love, free will, and others. The First Greeting Adam was instructed to approach a group of Angels sitting near to him and greet them with the words Assalamu alaikum (May God’s peace be upon you), they answered ‘and also upon you be God’s peace, mercy and blessings’. From that day forward these words became the greeting of those submitted to God. From the moment of Adam’s creation, we his descendents were instructed to spread peace. God told mankind that He did not create them except that they should worship Him. Everything in this world was created for Adam and his descendants, in order to aid us in our ability to worship and know God. Due to God’s infinite Wisdom, Adam and his descendants were to be the caretakers on earth, so God taught Adam what he needed to know to perform this duty. God mentions; “31. And He taught Adam all the names (of everything) , then He showed them to the angels and said, “Tell Me the names of these if you are truthful.” (Surah Al-Baqarah;31) God gave Adam the ability to identify and designate names to everything; He taught him language, speech and the ability to communicate. God imbued Adam with an insatiable need for and love of knowledge. After Adam had learned the names and uses for all things God said to the Angels…”‘tell me the names of these if you are truthful.’ 32. They (angels) said; “Glory be to You, we have no knowledge except what you have taught us. Verily, it is You, the All-Knower, the All-Wise.” (Surah Al-Baqarah;32) God turned to Adam and said; “33. He said; “O Adam! Inform them of their names,” and when he had informed them of their names, He said; “Did I not tell you that I know the Ghaib (unseen) in the heavens and the earth, and I know what you reveal and what you have been concealing?” (Surah Al-Baqarah;33)  After Adam had learned the names and uses for all things God said to the Angels… “‘tell me the names of these if you are truthful.’ They answered ‘Glory be to Adam tried to speak with the Angels, but they were occupied worshipping God. The Angels were given no specific knowledge or freedom of will, their sole purpose being to worship and praise God. Adam, on the other hand, was given the ability to reason, make choices and identify objects and their purpose. This helped to prepare Adam for his coming role on earth..Adam was taught the names of everything; the powers of reasoning and free will were given to him. He learned how to categories things and understand their usefulness. Thus, God taught Adam language skills. He taught Adam how to think – to apply knowledge to solve problems, make plans and decisions and to achieve goals. We, the children of Adam, have inherited these skills in order that we can exist in the world and worship God in the best manner. Linguists estimate that more than 3000 separate languages exist in the world today, all distinct, so that speakers of one cannot understand those of another, yet these languages are all so fundamentally similar that it is possible to speak of a “human language’ in the singular. Language is a special form of communication that involves learning complex rules to make and combine symbols (words or gestures) into an endless number of meaningful sentences. Language exists because of two simple principles, – words and grammar. A word is an arbitrary pairing between a sound or symbol and a meaning. For example, in English the word cat does not look or sound or feel like a cat, but it refers to a certain animal because all of us memorized this pairing as children. Grammar refers to a set of rules for combing words into phrases and sentences. It may seem surprising, but speakers of all 3000 separate languages learned the same four rules of language. The first language rule is phonology – how we make meaningful sounds. Phonemes are basic sounds. We combine phonemes to form words by learning the second rule; morphology. Morphology is the system we use to group phonemes into meaningful combinations of sounds and words. A morpheme is the smallest, meaningful combination of sounds in a language. After learning to combine morphemes to produce words, we learn to combine words into meaningful sentences. The third language rule governs syntax or grammar. This set of rules specifies how we combine words to form meaningful phrases and sentences. The fourth language rule governs semantics – the specific meaning of words or phrases as they appear in various sentences or contexts. All children, regardless of where in the world they are, go through the same four language stages because of innate language factors. These factors facilitate how we make speech sounds and acquire language skills. The renowned linguist Noam Chomsky says that all languages share a common universal grammar, and that children inherit a mental programme to learn this universal grammar..

What is that thing for which Allah innovated the Creation? Allah (SWT) says; “And We created not the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, for mere play. We created them not except with truth (i.e. to examine and test those who are obedient and those who are disobedient and then reward the obedient ones and punish the disobedient ones), but most of them know not}. (Surah Ad-Dukhan; 38-39) He says also; “And We created not the heaven and the earth and all that is between them without purpose! That is the consideration of those who disbelieve!}. (Surah Sad; 27) He says also; “And Allah has created the heavens and the earth with truth, in order that each person may be recompensed what he has earned, and they will not be wronged}. (Surah Al-Jathiyah; 22) He says also; “And I (Allah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone). I seek not any provision from them (i.e. provision for themselves or for My creatures) nor do I ask that they should feed Me (i.e. feed . themselves or My creatures). Verily, Allah is the All-Provider, owner of Power, the Most Strong}. (Surah Ad-Dhariyat; 56-58)

What is the affirmation of Allah (SWT)’s Oneness as Lord? (Tauhid Ar-Rubuibiya)? It is to affirm the uniqueness and exclusiveness of His works, creation and direction (of the universe) etc. As Allah (SWT), the All-Mighty says; “All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).”( Surah Al-Fatihah; l)  the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)   said   “You are the Lord of the Heavens and the Earth… ”(Bukhari – Muslim).

What is the affirmation of Allah (SWT)’s Oneness as the Only One to be worshipped? (Tauhid Al-Uluhiyah). It is to devote to Him exclusively all our worship like; supplications, invocations, sacrifice, vows, prayer, hope, fear, seeking help, trust etc. As Allah (SWT) says; “And your Ilah (God) is One Ilah (God – Allah  La ilaha illa Huwa (there is none who has the right to be worshipped but He), the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful’ (Surah Al-Baqarah; l63) 2. Allah! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. (Surah Ale-Imran; 2)   16 Praise him who, Matchless and Alone, was born the Lord of living men, Most active, with heroic soul.  (Rig veda 6; 45;16)  1. GLORIFY naught besides, O friends; so shall no sorrow trouble you. (Rig veda 8;1;1) Only God is Great (Atharva veda 20;58;3) God (the Creator/Brahma ) is One and there is none except Him even for a little extent. (The Brahma Sutra of Hindu vedantha) The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)   said; “Let the first thing you invite them to do is to testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah (SWT).”  (Bukhari – Muslim).

What is the basic purpose of the revelation of the Qur’an? Guiding human beings was the basic purpose of the revelation of the Qur’an “(It was the) month of a during which the Qur’an was sent down for the guidance of human beings, and (it contains) clear explanation of the guidance and the distinction (between right and wrong)…” (Surah Al-Baqarah;185) Through the above verse, as well as many others, the Qur’an claims to be a guide for mankind and through the verses quoted earlier it is proved that it has guided mankind even in the sophisticated fields of science and technology..

What is the benefit of affirming Allah (SWT)’s Oneness Tauhid? It is salvation from eternal punishment in the Hereafter, right guidance in this world, and forgiveness for all sins. Allah (SWT), the All-Mighty says  “82. It is those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah and worship none but Him Alone) and confuse not their belief with Zulm (wrong i.e. by worshipping others besides Allah), for them (only) there is security and they are the guided. (Surah Al-An’am;82) 48. Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with him in worship, but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He pleases, and whoever sets up partners with Allah in worship, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin. Surah An-Nisaa’;48) 116. Verily! Allah forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners in worship with Him, but He forgives whom he pleases sins other than that, and whoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, has indeed strayed far away. Surah An-Nisaa’;116) The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  said; the worshipper’s right on Allah (SWT) is that He will not punish those who worship none beside Him” (Muslim and Bukhari).

What is the Benefit of Charity in Islam? The likeness of those who spend their wealth in the Way of Allah, is as the likeness of a grain (of corn); it grows seven ears, and each ear has a hundred grains. Allah  gives manifold increase to whom He pleases. And Allah  is All-Sufficient for His creatures’ needs, All-Knower. 262. Those who spend their wealth in the Cause of Allah, and do not follow up their gifts with reminders of their generosity or with injury, their reward is with their Lord. On them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 261-262).

What Is The Challenge Of The Qur’an With Respect To Arabic Prose & Poetry?  23. And if you (Arab pagans, Jews, and Christians) are in doubt concerning that which We have sent down (i.e. the Qur’an) to Our slave (Muhammad (PBUH), then produce a surah (chapter) of the like thereof and call your witnesses (supporters and helpers) besides Allah, if you are truthful.  But if you do it not, and you can never do it, then fear the Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, prepared for the disbelievers. (Surah Al-Baqara;23-24) Or do they say; “He (Muhammad (PBUH) has forged it?” Say; “Bring then a surah (chapter) like unto it, and call upon whomsoever you can, besides Allah, if you are truthful!” (Surah Yunus;37-38) Or they say, “He (Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) forged it (the Qur’an).” Say; “Bring you then ten forged surah (chapters) like unto it, and call whomsoever you can, other than Allah (to your help), if you speak the truth!” (Surah Hud;13)  Or do they say; “He (Muhammad (PBUH) has forged it (this Qur’an)? ” Nay! They believe not! Let them then produce a recital like unto it (the Qur’an) if they are truthful. (Surah At-Tur;33-34).

What is the concept of cleanliness in the Qur’an?Believers are people who are physically very clean. The cleanliness and tidiness of their bodies, of the food they eat, of the clothes they wear, and of the environments they live in always attract the attention of others. They try to make the places they are in similar to the elegant environment of Paradise described in the Qur’an. Allah has stressed in a number of verses what a believer’s idea of cleanliness should be;Purify your clothes. Shun all filth. (Surah  al-Muddaththir, 4-5)You who believe! Eat of the good things we have provided for you… (Surah  al-Baqara, 172)… Do not associate anything with Me and purify My House for those who circle it, and those who stand and bow and prostrate. (Surah  al-Hajj, 26)

What is the concept of faith in Islam? The technical meaning of faith is firm belief in something real, based on evidence and to have sincere devotion to God with the heart, to testify this with the tongue, and to act on it with the body. God Almighty says; O you who have faith! Respond to God and the Messenger when He calls you to unto that which gives you life; and know that God comes in between a man and his heart, and that to Him you shall be mustered Surah (Surah Al-Anfal; 24),and says; Those who have faith, and have not confounded their faith with evildoing – to them belongs the true security; they are rightly guided (Surah Al-An`am; 82).And he says; But whosoever turns away from My remembrance, his shall be a life of narrowness, and on the Resurrection Day We shall raise him blind.’ He shall say, ‘O my Lord, why have you raised me blind, and I was wont to see?’ God shall say, ‘Even so it is. Our signs came unto you, and you forgot them; and so today you are forgotten’ (Surah Ta Ha; 124–126) and says; By the soul, and Him who shaped it, inspiring it with its lewdness and its God- consciousness. Prosperous is he who purifies it, and a failure is he who stunts it (Surah Al-Shams; 7–10).

What is The concept of human soul in the Qur’an?  105. O you who believe! Take care of your own selves, [do righteous deeds, fear Allah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has forbidden) and love Allah much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)]. If you follow the right guidance and enjoin what is right (Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do) and forbid what is wrong (polytheism, disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden) no hurt can come to you from those who are in error. The return of you all is to Allah, then He will inform you about (all) that which you used to do. (Surah Al-Maidah; 105)   164. Say; “Shall I seek a lord other than Allah, while He is the Lord of all things? No person earns any (sin) except against return, so He will tell you that wherein you have been differing.”165. And it is He Who has made  himself (only), and no bearer of burdens shall bear the burden of another. Then unto your Lord is your you generations coming after generations, replacing each other on the earth. And He has raised you)  in ranks, some above others that He may try you in that which He has bestowed on you. Surely your Lord is Swift in retribution, and certainly He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah Al-An’am; 164-5) 16. And indeed We have created man, and We know what his own self whispers to him. And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein (by Our Knowledge). (Surah Qaf; 16)   6. O man! Verily, you are returning towards your Lord with your deeds and actions (good or bad), a sure returning, so you will meet (i.e. the results of your deeds which you did). (Surah Al-Inshiqaq; 6) 19. You shall certainly travel from stage to stage (in this life and in the Hereafter). (Surah Al-Inshiqaq;19) 7. And by Nafs (Adam or a person or a soul, etc.), and Him Who perfected him in proportion; 8. Then He showed him what is wrong for him and what is right for him;9. Indeed he succeeds who purifies his ownself (i.e. obeys and performs all that Allah ordered, by following the true Faith of Islamic Monotheism and by doing righteous good deeds).10. And indeed he fails who corrupts his ownself (i.e. disobeys what Allah has ordered by rejecting the true Faith of Islamic Monotheism or by following polytheism, etc. or by doing every kind of evil deeds). (Surah ash-Shams; 7-10)

What is the concept of love in the Qur’an? In societies which do not live according to the moral values of the Qur’an, very different values can cause people to feel love and respect towards each other, like sharing the same culture, holding a title, being beautiful, or dressing smartly. A love based on such worldly values is not, of course, true love at all. And such respect is not true respect. Once the other side no longer possesses these means, the love they maintained was so powerful will disappear in a single moment.Yet, the real goal of the believers is the approval of Allah. Because of their love for Allah, they also feel love and affection towards that which Allah created. This love never fades in the face of want or difficulty and is not shaped by material values. They are never on friendly terms with manners with which Allah is not pleased, nor can they feel any affection towards a person embodying such manners in their hearts. This is stated in the Qur’an;You will not find people who believe in Allah and the Last Day having any regard for anyone who opposes Allah and His Messenger, though they be their fathers, their sons, their brothers or their nearest kindred.  (Surah  al-Mujadilah, 22)

What is the concept of sincerity in the Qur’an? “Sincerity“, literally, has the meaning of being pure and unadulterated. The concept of sincerity mentioned in the Qur’an denotes turning to Allah in devoutness. A sincere believer devotes all his deeds throughout his entire life to seeking the pleasure of Allah and expects his reward only from Him. He does not make devious calculations orientated around the opinions of other people or trying to find favour with them. Therefore all of his actions are sincere and candid, such as would earn the pleasure of Allah.A sincere person is honest first with Allah and then with people; because he well knows that Allah hears and sees all things, and that he will be judged in His presence and will be held responsible for all of his deeds, words and thoughts. For this reason the sincerity and candour of believers are among the most significant signs of the firmness of their faith. Allah has made the sincere attitudes of the messengers, who always sought to earn the good pleasure of Allah, an example for believers; And remember Our servants Ibrahim, Ishaq and Ya’qub, men of true strength and inner sight. We purified their sincerity through sincere remembrance of the Abode. In Our eyes they are among the best of chosen men. (Surah Sâd, 45-47) Those who  follows; Those who shun the worship of false gods and turn towards Allah will have good news. So give good news to My servants. Those who listen well to what is said and follow the best of it, they are the ones whom Allah has guided, they are the people of intelligence. (Surah  az-Zumar, 17-18) The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said;. Sincerity (Ikhlas), which is to do deeds for Allah (SWT)’s sake only neither seeking praise from fellow-beings nor to have repute among men, Allah (SWT) says; “So, call you (O Muhammad (PBUH) and the believers) upon (or invoke) Allah (SWT) making (your) worship pure for Him (Alone) (by worshipping none but Him and by doing religious deeds sincerely for Allah (SWT)’s sake only and not to showoff and not to set up rivals with Him in worship)f’ (Surah Al-Mu’min; 14) The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)   said; “Whoever sincerely testifies; ‘None has the right to be worshipped but Allah (SWT)’ shall enter Paradise.” When all good deeds, said or done, are meant for the sake of Allah (SWT) only. The Qur’an says, “And they have been commanded no more than this; to worship Allah (SWT), offering Him sincere devotion…,” and says, “He who seeks no reward from anyone, but only thedesire to please His Lord the mostHigh.” (Surah al-Lail; 19-20 ).

What is the criterion set up by God for Adam and Eve to path back to Paradise? Obedience to God and enmity towards Satan is the only path back to Heaven. God said to Adam; “(Allah) said;”Get you down (from the Paradise to the earth), both of you, together, some of you are an enemy to some others. Then if there comes to you guidance from Me, then whoever follows My Guidance shall neither go astray, nor fall into distress and misery. “But whosoever turns away from My Reminder (i.e. neither believes in this Qur’an nor acts on its orders, etc.) verily, for him is a life of hardship, and We shall raise him up blind on the Day of Resurrection.” (Surah Ta-Ha; 123)  The Qur’an tells us that Adam subsequently received from his Lord some words; a supplication to pray, which invoked God’s forgiveness. This supplication is very beautiful and can be used when asking for God’s pardon of your sins. “They said; “Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You forgive us not, and bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers.” Mankind continues to commit mistakes and wrong doing, and through them we only harm ourselves. Our sins and mistakes have not harmed, nor will it harm God. If God does not forgive us and have mercy on us, it is we who will surely be among the losers. We need God! “‘On earth will be a dwelling place for you and an enjoyment, for a time.’ He said; ‘Therein you shall live and therein you shall die, and from it you shall be brought out (resurrected).'” (Surah Al-A’raf; 23-25) Adam and Eve left heaven and descended upon earth. Their descent was not one of degradation; rather it was dignified. It is important to understand that, although God knows the outcome of events before they happen and allows them, he does not force things to happen. Adam had free will and bore the consequences of his deeds. Mankind has free will and thus is free to disobey God; but there are consequences. God praises those who obey his commands and promises them great reward, and He condemns those who disobey him and warns them against doing so..

What is the current darkness of the universe? If we pass the daytime layer, we will see the sun as a blue disk at the middle of a black page of darkness. This is the current darkness of the universe that Allah (STW) described in His saying, 14. “And even if We opened to them a gate from the heaven and they were to keep on ascending thereto (all the daylong). 15 They would surely say (in the evening); “Our eyes have been (as if) dazzled (we have not seen any angel or heaven). Nay, we are a people bewitched..” (Surah al-Hijr; 14-15).In describing the sky, Allah (SWT) said, “Its night He covers with darkness and its forenoon He brings out (with light).”(Surah An-Nâzi’ât;  29).This is the darkness of the night of the sky. Its darkness increases when it meets the darkness of the night of the earth. The action, which is caused by the rotation of the earth around its axis. Therefore, the earth surface is divided into night and day with the part facing the sun having daytime while the other part having nighttime..

What is the darkness of the womb? Allah (SWT) describes it saying, “… He created you (all) from a single person (Adam); then made from him his wife (Hawwâ’ (Eve). And He has sent down for you of cattle eight pairs (of the sheep, two, male and female; of the goats, two, male and female; of the oxen, two, male and female; and of the camels, two, male and female). He creates you in the wombs of your mothers; creation after creation in three veils of darkness.…” (Surah Az-Zumar; 6). The threefold darkness were interpreted to be; the darkens of the belly, followed by the darkness of the womb, followed by the darkness of the placenta with its mesentery and fluids..

What is the description of Heaven and Hell mentioned in the Qur’an and explain what would you feel if you were to experience either of these conditions? 1. Has there come to you the narration of the overwhelming (i.e. the Day of Resurrection);2. Some faces, that Day, will be humiliated (in the Hell-fire, i.e. the faces of all disbelievers, Jews and Christians, etc.).3. Laboring (hard in the worldly life by worshipping others besides Allah, weary (in the Hereafter with humility and disgrace) .4. They will enter in the hot blazing Fire,5. They will be given to drink from a boiling spring,6. No food will there be for them but a poisonous thorny plant, 7. Which will neither nourish nor avail against hunger. 8. (Other) faces, that Day, will be joyful,9. Glad with their endeavour (for their good deeds which they did in this world, along with the true Faith of Islamic Monotheism).10. In a lofty Paradise.11. Where they shall neither hear harmful speech nor falsehood,12. Therein will be a running spring,13. Therein will be thrones raised high,14. And cups set at hand.15. And cushions set in rows,16. And rich carpets (all) spread out. (Surah al-Ghaashiyah; 1-15) 25. And give glad tidings to those who believe and do righteous good deeds, that for them will be Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise). Every time they will be provided with a fruit there from, they will say; “This is what we were provided with before,” and they will be given things in resemblance (i.e. in the same form but different in taste) and they shall have therein Azwajun Mutahharatun (purified mates or wives), (having no menses, stools, urine, etc.) and they will abide therein forever. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 25) 15. Say; “Shall I inform you of things far better than those? For Al-Muttaqun there are Gardens (Paradise) with their Lord, underneath which rivers flow. Therein (is there) eternal (home) and Azwajun Mutahharatun (purified mates or wives) [i.e. they will have no menses, urine, or stool, etc.], And Allah will be pleased with them. And Allah is All-Seer of the (His) slaves”. (Surah Ale-Imran; 15) 15. The description of Paradise which the Muttaqun have been promised is that in it are rivers of water the taste and smell of which are not changed; rivers of milk of which the taste never changes; rivers of wine delicious to those who drink; and rivers of clarified honey (clear and pure) therein for them is every kind of fruit; and forgiveness from their Lord. (Are these) like those who shall dwell forever in the Fire, and be given, to drink, boiling water, so that it cuts up their bowels? (Surah Muhammad; 15) 41. The Mujrimun (polytheists, criminals, sinners, etc.) will be known by their marks (black faces), and they will be seized by their forelocks and their feet.42. Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinns and men) deny?43. This is Hell which the Mujrimun (polytheists, criminals, sinners, etc.) denied.44. They will go between it (Hell) and the boiling hot water!45. Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinns and men) deny?46. But for him who fears the standing before his Lord, there will be two Gardens (i.e. in Paradise). (Surah Ar-Rahman;  41-46) 21. Truly, Hell is a place of ambush,22. A dwelling place for the Taghun (those who transgress the boundary limits set by Allah (SWT) like polytheists, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah (SWT), hypocrites, sinners, criminals, etc.),23. They will abide therein for ages,24. Nothing cool shall they taste therein, nor any drink.25. Except boiling water, and dirty wound discharges. 26. An exact recompense (according to their evil crimes). (Sarah an-Naba’; 21).

What is the destination of the believers?  9. (And remember) the Day when He will gather you (all) on the Day of Gathering, that will be the Day of mutual loss and gain (i.e. loss for the disbelievers as they will enter the Hell-fire and gain for the believers as they will enter Paradise). And whosoever believes in Allah and performs righteous good deeds, He will remit from him his sins, and will admit him to Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise) to dwell therein forever, that will be the great success. (Surah al-Taghabun;  9) But those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism) and do deeds of righteousness, We shall admit them to Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), abiding therein forever. Therein they shall have Azwajun Mutahharatun (purified mates or wives), and We shall admit them to shades wide and ever deepening (Paradise). (Surah Al Nisa;  57) 25. And give glad tidings to those who believe and do righteous good deeds, that for them will be Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise). Every time they will be provided with a fruit there from, they will say; “This is what we were provided with before,” and they will be given things in resemblance (i.e. in the same form but different in taste) and they shall have therein Azwajun Mutahharatun (purified mates or wives), (having no menses, stools, urine, etc.) and they will abide therein forever. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 25) 11. (And has also sent to you) a Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH), who recites to you the Verses of Allah (the Qur’an) containing clear explanations, that He may take out, those who believe and do righteous good deeds from the darkness (of polytheism and disbelief) to the light (of Monotheism and true Faith). And whosoever believes in Allah and performs righteous good deeds, He will admit him into Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever. Allah has indeed granted for him an excellent provision. (Surah At-Talaaq; 11), 34. Verily, for the Muttaqun (pious and righteous persons ) are Gardens of delight (Paradise) with their Lord. (Surah al-Qalam; 34) 6. Save those who believe (in Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous deeds, then they shall have a reward without end (Paradise) (Surah At-Tin;  6) 11. Verily, those who believe and do righteous good deeds, for them will be Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise). That is the great success. (Surah al-Burooj; 11).  12. Verily! Those who fear their Lord unseen (i.e. they do not see Him, nor His Punishment in the Hereafter, etc.), theirs will be forgiveness and a great reward (i.e. Paradise). (Surah Al-Mulk; 12) 15. Say; “Shall I inform you of things far better than those? For Al-Muttaqun (the pious ) there are Gardens (Paradise) with their Lord, underneath which rivers flow. Therein (is there) eternal (home) and Azwajun Mutahharatun (purified mates or wives) [i.e. they will have no menses, urine, or stool, etc.], And Allah will be pleased with them. And Allah is All-Seer of the (His) slaves”. (Surah Ale-Imran;  15).

What is the destination of the disbelievers? 81. Yes! Whosoever earns evil and his sin has surrounded him, they are dwellers of the Fire (i.e. Hell); they will dwell therein forever.(Surah Al-Baqarah; 81). 161. Verily, those who disbelieve, and die while they are disbelievers, it is they on whom is the Curse of Allah and of the angels and of mankind, combined.162. They will abide therein (under the curse in Hell), their punishment will neither be lightened, nor will they be reprieved. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 161-162). 12. Say (O Muhammad (PBUH) to those who disbelieve; “You will be defeated and gathered together to Hell, and worst indeed is that place to rest.” (Surah Ale-Imran; 12). 115. And whoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger (PBUH) after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follows other than the believers’ way. We shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in Hell – what an evil destination. (Surah an-Nisaa; 115) 10. They who disbelieve and deny our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) are those who will be the dwellers of the Hell-fire. (Surah al-Maidah; 10) 27. If you could but see when they will be held over the (Hell) Fire! They will say; “Would that we were but sent back (to the world)! Then we would not deny the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, revelations, etc.) of our Lord, and we would be of the believers!” (Surah Al-Anam; 27) 36. But those who reject Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and treat them with arrogance, they are the dwellers of the (Hell) Fire, they will abide therein forever. (Surah al-Araf;  36) 40. Verily, those who belie Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and treat them with arrogance, for them the gates of heaven will not be opened, and they will not enter Paradise until the camel goes through the eye of the needle (which is impossible). Thus do We recompense the Mujrimun (criminals, polytheists, sinners, etc.) 41. Theirs will be a bed of Hell (Fire), and over them coverings (of Hell-fire). Thus do We recompense the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.). (Surah al-Araf;   40-41) 37. In order that Allah (SWT) may distinguish the wicked (disbelievers, polytheists and doers of evil deeds) from the good (believers of Islamic Monotheism and doers of righteous deeds), and put the wicked (disbelievers, polytheists and doers of evil deeds) one on another, heap them together and cast them into Hell. Those! it is they who are the losers. (Surah Al-Anfal; 37) 68. Allah has promised the hypocrites; men and women, and the disbelievers, the Fire of Hell, therein shall they abide. It will suffice them. Allah has cursed them and for them is the lasting torment. (Surah Al-Bara’at/Surah At-Taubah; 68) 102. Do then those who disbelieve think that they can take My slaves [i.e., the angels, Allah’s Messengers, ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), etc.] as Auliya’ (lords, gods, protectors, etc.) besides Me? Verily, We have prepared Hell as an entertainment for the disbelievers (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism). (Surah Al-Kahf; 102) 106. “That shall be their recompense, Hell; because they disbelieved and took My Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and My Messengers by way of jest and mockery. (Surah Al-Kahf; 106) 86. And We shall drive the Mujrimun (polytheists, sinners, criminals, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah etc.) to Hell, in a thirsty state (like a thirsty herd driven down to water), (Surah Maryam; 68) 4. Verily! Whoever comes to his Lord as a Mujrim (criminal, polytheist, disbeliever in the Oneness of Allah and His Messengers, sinner, etc.), then surely, for him is Hell, therein he will neither die nor live. (Surah Ta-Ha; 74) 98. Certainly! You (disbelievers) and that which you are worshipping now besides Allah, are (but) fuel for Hell! (Surely), you will enter it. (Surah al-Anbiyaa; ’98) But those who strive against Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), to frustrate and obstruct them, they will be dwellers of the Hell-fire   (Surah Al-Hajj; 51) 68. And who does more wrong than he who invents a lie against Allah or denies the truth (Muhammad (PBUH)  and his doctrine of Islamic Monotheism and this Qur’an), when it comes to him? Is there not a dwelling in Hell for disbelievers (in the Oneness of Allah and in His Messenger Muhammad (PBUH)? (Surah al-Ankabut; 68) 16. And as for those who disbelieved and belied Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, Allah’s Messengers, Resurrection, etc.), and the Meeting of the Hereafter, such shall be brought forth to the torment (in the Hell-fire). (Surah Ar-Rum; 16) 36. But those who disbelieve, (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism) for them will be the Fire of Hell. Neither it will have a complete killing effect on them so that they die, nor shall its torment be lightened for them. Thus do We requite every disbeliever! (Surah al-Fatir; 36)And those who disbelieved will be driven to Hell in groups, till, when they reach it, the gates thereof will be opened (suddenly like a prison at the arrival of the prisoners). And its keepers will say, “Did not the Messengers come to you from yourselves, reciting to you the Verses of your Lord, and warning you of the Meeting of this Day of yours?” They will say; “Yes, but the Word of torment has been justified against the disbelievers!” (Surah Az-Zumar;71)  4. None disputes in the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah (SWT) but those who disbelieve. So let not their ability of going about here and there through the land (for their purposes) deceive you [O Muhammad (PBUH)  , their ultimate end will be the Fire of Hell]! (Surah Ghafir or Al-Mu’min; 4) 74. Verily, the Mujrimun (criminals, sinners, disbelievers, etc.) will be in the torment of Hell to abide therein forever. 75. (The torment) will not be lightened for them, and they will be plunged into destruction with deep regrets, sorrows and in despair therein. 76. We wronged them not, but they were the Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers, etc.). And they will cry; “O Malik (Keeper of Hell)! Let your Lord make an end of us.” He will say; “Verily you shall abide forever.” (Surah Az-Zukhruf; 74-77) 47. Verily, the Mujrimun (polytheists, disbelievers, sinners, criminals, etc.) are in error (in this world) and will burn (in the Hell-fire in the Hereafter).48. The Day they will be dragged in the Fire on their faces (it will be said to them); “Taste you the touch of Hell!” (Surah al-Qamar;  47-48) So this day, no ransom shall be accepted from you, nor from those who disbelieved. Hell-Fire is the final abode of you all. That is your friendly-protector. And very evil is that resort. (Surah Al Hadid; 15) 6. And for those who disbelieve in their Lord (Allah is the torment of Hell, and worst indeed is that destination. (Surah Al-Mulk; 6)  14. And verily, the Fujjar (the wicked, disbelievers, sinners and evil-doers) will be in the blazing Fire (Hell), (Surah Al-Infitaar; 14) “(Mine is) but conveyance (of the truth) from Allah and His Messages (of Islamic Monotheism), and whosoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, then verily, for him is the Fire of Hell, he shall dwell therein forever .” (Surah al-Jinn; 23).  19. But those who disbelieved in Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), they are those on the Left Hand (the dwellers of Hell). (Surah al-Balad; 19).  6. Verily, those who disbelieve (in the religion of Islam, the Qur’an and Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  from among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) and Al-Mushrikun will abide in the Fire of Hell. They are the worst of creatures. (Surah al-Baiyyinah;  6)..

What is the difference between interest and zakat. Is it lawful to pay interest? 39. And that which you give in gift (to others), in order that it may increase (your wealth by expecting to get a better one in return) from other people’s property, has no increase with Allah but that which you give in Zakat seeking Allah (SWT)’s Countenance then those, they shall have manifold increase.  (Surah ar-Rum;  39)..

What is the difference between male and female in respect of action? 195. So their Lord accepted of them (their supplication and answered them), “Never will I allow to be lost the work of any of you, be he male or female. You are (members) one of another, so those who emigrated and were driven out from their homes, and suffered harm in My Cause, and who fought, and were killed (in My Cause), verily, I will remit from them their evil deeds and admit them into Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise); a reward from Allah (SWT), and with Allah (SWT) is the best of rewards. “(Surah Aal-‘‘Imran 195)..

What is the Divine reason for mentioning former nations in the Qur’an? Allah states in the Qur’an that He has shown the right way to all the nations that have existed throughout the ages and that He has reminded them through His prophets that the world is temporary and that the real abode is the hereafter. Yet, again it is revealed in the Qur’an that most of the people refused to do anything except disbelieve and did not listen to the call of the prophets. Allah, therefore, meted out a harsh punishment to them from unexpected quarters and wiped some of them off the face of the earth.One of the most important reasons why past nations are mentioned in the Qur’an is to ensure that the people of today avoid falling into the same error. Assessing the disasters that befell past nations and their archaeological remains merely as historical data without learning any lessons from them would be very wrong. Allah ordered us to take guidance from the calamities that befell these nations; How many generations far greater in prowess have We destroyed before them! They scoured many lands, but did they find any way of escape? There is a reminder in this for anyone who has a heart, or who listens well, having seen the evidence. (Surah Qaf, 36-37)

What is the dua that Adam and his wife made to ask for forgiveness from Allah (SWT)? Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves. If You Forgive us not and Bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers – (Surah al-Ar’af;  23)..

What is the end of human life in the light of the opinions of Muslim scholars and medical science.– The Qur’an says; “It is He who gives life and death; and when He decides upon an affair He says to it “Be” and it is.” (Surah Ghafir or Al-Mu’min ; 68) “Nor can a soul die except by Allah’s leave. The term being fixed as by writing. ..” ( Surah Ale-Imran; 145).“It is Allah that takes the souls at death; and those that die not (He takes) during their sleep. Those on whom He has passed the decree of death, He keeps back (from returning to life) but the rest He sends (to their bodies) for a term appointed…” (Surah Az-Zumar; 42).“Every soul shall have a taste of death; In the end, to Us shall ye be brought back.” ( Surah Al-Ankabut; 57). From the above quoted verses of the Glorious Qur’an, the following points are established without doubt. Every living person dies, there is a definite time of death and Permanent parting of the Soul from body is death. Just as the life of a person begins with the “ensoulment of the body” so the end of life occurs by permanent separation of the Soul from the body. We make the diagnosis of death from observations and examination. The exact moment of death of a person and the exact relation of the soul and body is only known to Allah. As human beings we the (Muslim) must admit our paucity of knowledge and must depend upon the tools and methods available to make that diagnosis both by examination of cardio respiratory function and by the determination of brain-death by neurologic examination. As noted above Islamic jurists have agreed with the concept of brain death.A specialist physician had determined after standard examination that the function of brain including brainstem has come to a permanent stop, even if some organs of the body may continue to show some activity (by artificial means).The sanctity of human life is ordained in the Qur’an. “And kill not anyone whom Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause (according to Islamic law). ”. (Surah Al-An’am; 151)”About suicide, the Qur’an is very clear; “29. “And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allah is Most Merciful to you”. (Surah An-Nisaa’; 29).”Taking away the life should be the domain of the one who gives life. True, there is pain and suffering with terminal illness, but we believe there is reward from God for those who patiently persevere in suffering. “Only those who are patient shall receive their rewards in full, without reckoning.” (Surah Az-Zumar;  10) While Muslim physicians are not encouraged to artificially prolong the misery in a vegetative state, they are ordained to help alleviate suffering. The Qur’an says, “ 32. Because of that We ordained for the Children of Israel that if anyone killed a person not in retaliation of murder, or (and) to spread mischief in the land – it would be as if he killed all mankind, “And if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of all mankind”. (Surah Al-Maidah; 32) There is no doubt that the financial cost of maintaining the incurably ill is a factor. “And bear with patience whatever befall you.”. (Surah Luqman;17) However, the question is when the human machine has outlived the productive span and its maintenance becomes a financial burden on society, should it be discarded abruptly or allowed to die naturally, gradually and peacefully? Islamically, when individual means cannot cover t he needed care, it becomes a collective responsibility of the society. To meet this objective, the society has to reshuffle its values and priorities and divert some funds from those spent on the treatment of alcoholism, drug abuse, teenage pregnancy, cigarettes, and other such “pursuits of happiness” to providing health care for those who are hopelessly ill and allowing them to live with quality and die in dignity. snv

What is the first verse which was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) → Read in the name of your Lord who created – created man (Surah Al-Alaq; 1) Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)   was in solitude in the cave on Mount Hira. He was startled by the Angel of Revelation, Gabriel, the same who had come to Mary, the mother of Jesus, who seized him in a close embrace. A single word of command burst upon him; ‘Iqra’ – ‘Read!’ He said; ‘I am not able to read!’ but the command was issued twice more, each with the same response from the Prophet. Finally, he was grasped with overwhelming force by the angel. Gabriel released him, and the first ‘recitation’ of the Qur’an was revealed to him;“Read in the name of your Lord who created – created man from a clot. Read; for your Lord is Most Bountiful, who teaches by the pen, teaches man that which he knew not.” (Surah Al-Alaq; 1-5).

What is the greatest evidences on the absolute divine creativeness? First;  The creation of the heavens and the earth is one of the greatest evidences on the absolute divine creativeness Second; creating darkness and light proves the absolute divine creativeness and entails praising Allah (SWT). “All praises and thanks be to Allah, Who (Alone) created the heavens and the earth, and originated the darkness and the light;” (Surah Al-An’âm ; 1)..

What is the greatest sin which Allah (SWT) will never forgive? The opposite of Tauhid is known as shirk, or associating partners with Allah (SWT). This is often translated as polytheism. Shirk is the one unforgivable sin  in Islam. Associating a partner or others with Allah (SWT) is a rejection of Islam and takes one outside the faith. The Qur’an says; ‘Allah forgives not that partners should be set up With Him; but He forgives anything else, to whom He pleases; to set up partners with Allah is to devise a sin most heinous indeed’ (Surah An-Nisaa; 48) Qur’an also states; “Allah forgives not (the sin of) joining other gods with Him; but He forgives whom He pleases other sins than this; one who joins other gods with Allah, has strayed far, far away (from the right).’ (Surah An-Nisaa; 116). Allah’s Saying; recalling the words of Luqman to his son; “O my son! Join not in worship others with Allah (SWT). Verily! Joining others in worship with Allah is great Zulm (wrong) indeed.” (Surah Luqman;  13) “If you join others in worship with Allah, then surely all your deeds will be in vain, and you will certainly be among the losers.” (Surah Az-Zumar; 65) . The proof-text is Allah’s Saying: recalling the words of Luqman to his son: “O my son! Join not in worship others with Allah. Verily! Joining others in worship with Allah is great Zulm (wrong) indeed.” (V. 31:13) When Allah’s Messenger was asked which is the greatest sin, he answered: “To ascribe partners with Allah even though He Alone created you.” (Bukluiri and Muslim)

What is the human being made of? It is mentioned in the Qur’an” And indeed We created man (Adam) out of an extract of clay (water and earth). Thereafter, We made him (the offspring of Adam) as a Nutfah (mixed drops of the male and female sexual discharge) (and lodged it) in a safe lodging (womb of the woman). Then We made the Nutfah into a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood), then We made the clot into a little lump of flesh, then We made out of that little lump of flesh bones, then We clothed the bones with flesh, and then We brought it forth as another creation. So blessed be Allah, the Best of creators. (Surah al-Mu’minun; 12-14).

What is the information provided in Qur’an about the Sun about 1435 years ago? One of the things that prove that Qur’an is the words of Allah (SWT), is that it informs us of scientific facts that no one could have possibly known about when Qur’an was sent 1435 years ago. The information provided in Qur’an about the Sun is just one of these amazing miracles. “He created the heavens and the Earth with truth. He wraps the night around the day and wraps the day around the night, and has made the Sun and Moon subservient, each one running for a specified term. Is He not indeed the Almighty, the endlessly forgiving? (Surah Az-Zumar;5) The positions of the Sun and Earth are revealed as follows in Surah Ya Sin; 38. And the sun runs on its fixed course for a term (appointed). That is the Decree of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing.39. And the moon, We have measured for it mansions (to traverse) till it returns like the old dried curved date stalk.40. It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor does the night outstrip the day. They all float, each in an orbit. (Surah Ya Sin;38-40) The Qur’an contains many expressions that agree with the scientific facts regarding day and night; By the Sun and its morning brightness, and the moon when it follows it, and the day when it displays it, and the night when it conceals it (Surah ash-Shams;1-4) As science and technology advance more and more examples of the compatibility between the Qur’an and science are coming to light. This is set out in another verse from the Qur’an;There is instruction in their stories for people of intelligence. This is not a narration which has been invented but confirmation of all that came before, a clarification of everything, and a guidance and a mercy for people who believe. (Surah Yusuf;111) And the Sun runs to its resting place. That is the decree of the Almighty, the All-Knowing. (Surah Ya Sin 38) Allah is He Who raised up the heavens without any support – you can see that – and then established Himself firmly on the Throne. He made the Sun and Moon subservient, each running for a specified term. He directs the whole affair. He makes the Signs clear so that hopefully you will be certain about the meeting with your Lord. (Surah ar- Ra’d;2)He makes night merge into day and day merge into night, and He has made the Sun and Moon subservient, each one running until a specified time. That is Allah, your Lord. The Kingdom is His. Those you call on besides Him have no power over even the smallest speck. (Surah Fatir;13) The words “sun” and “moon” have been mentioned in the Glorious Qur’an many times. Without exception, the sun is always associated with light as a source (siraj, wahhaj, diya’, etc.), whereas the moon is always referred to as a body that reflects the light (nur). This is, of course, general knowledge today, but over fourteen centuries ago, how did anyone know, least of all The Prophet Muhammad (SA), (who had no earthly teacher) that the sun was a source of light, and the moon was its reflector? These short ayat are but two examples of such wisdom and knowledge;”15. See you not how Allah has created the seven heavens one above another,16. And has made the moon a light therein, and made the sun a lamp?” (Surah Nuh;15-16) ” 5. It is He Who made the sun a shining thing and the moon as a light and measured out its (their) stages, that you might know the number of years and the reckoning. Allah did not create this but in truth. He explains the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail for people who have knowledge..” (Surah Yunus;5) Scientists have only recently unraveled the structure of the Sun and discovered what goes on inside it. Before that, nobody knew how the Sun obtained its energy or how it emitted heat and light. The way that such a giant mass of energy would one day consume all its energy and expire was revealed 1435 years ago in the Qur’an shows the presence of a sublime knowledge. That knowledge belongs to our Lord, Whose knowledge enfolds all things..

What is the likeness of Isa (Jesus) before Allah (SWT)? Verily, the likeness of Isa (Jesus) before Allah is the likeness of Adam. He created him from dust, then (He) said to him; “Be” – and he was. (Surah Ale-Imran; 59).

What is the mannerism of treating neighbours in Islam? The religion of Islam urges kind and considerate treatment towards our neighbors. They deserve our respect and good treatment regardless of their religion, race or color. The Qur’an emphasizes the importance of the treatment of neighbors; “Worship Allah (SWT) and join none with Him in worship, and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, the poor, the neighbor who is near of kin, the neighbor who is a stranger, the companion by your side, the wayfarer (you meet)… Verily, Allah (SWT) does not like such as are proud and boastful.” (Surah An-Nisaa;36)  Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  said; “He is not a Muslim, who eats full while his neighbor is hungry” Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  said; “He is not a Muslim, if his neighbor is not safe” Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  said; “Give gifts to your neighbors both Muslims and Non-Muslims”.

What is the meaning of testifying that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah? It means; to have pure absolute belief in one’s deepest heart together with the utterance of the tongue that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger to all creatures, men and jinn; “Verily, We have sent you as witness, and a bearer of glad tidings, and a warner. And as one who invites to Allah by His Leave, and as a lamp spreading light}. (Surah Al-Ahzab; 45-46) So, one must believe in all what the Prophet narrated about ancient and forthcoming generations, and believe in all that he declared lawful or unlawful, show submission and obedience to all his ordainments and prohibitions, follow his Shari’ ah and stick to his Sunnah (way of life), openly and when alone, with complete satisfaction and submission. One should know that to obey him (Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)) is to obey Allah the Almighty and to disobey him, is to disobey Allah as well, as he is the Messenger sent by Him to convey Allah’s Message. The Almighty only caused the Prophet’s death after He (Allah) had perfected His religion (Islam) through him. Moreover, one should know that he (PBUH) delivered the Message as perfectly as it should have been, and that he left his Ummah (community) with the clear message (of Islam); whosoever deviates from it is nothing but a loser. This topic will be dealt with later, Allah willing.

What is the meaning of the saying of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) regarding the Most Beautiful Names of Allah that reads; “Whoever knows them will be admitted into Paradise?” This statement has been differently interpreted. Some have interpreted it as to commit the Most Beautiful Names to one’s heart, to invoke Allah the Almighty thereof, and to glorify Him thereof. Others deemed that they can be divided into various types. Some of which can be held as exemplary, such as, the Most Merciful and the Ever Generous. Man can practice himself to achieve some degree of the connotation of such Divine Names. Some others of Allah’s Most Beautiful Names are in toto His Almighty-bounded. Allah makes them particular to Himself, such as, the Sublime Potentate, the Ever Magnificent, and the Supremely Proud. Regarding this type, man can only submit himself and declare his complete and perfect subjection to Allah. Some of the Most Beautiful Names of Allah denote promise, such as, the Ever Forgiver, the Ever Thankful, the Ever Clement, the Ever Compassionate, the AllForbearing, and the Ever Kindly. Man should stand himself at the gate of desire and wish. Some of the Most Beautiful Names denote intimidation, such as, Exalted in Might, Lord of Retribution, Strict in Punishment, and Quick in Account. Man should stand himself at the gate of fear and submission. A third party interpreted Allah’s Most Beautiful Names as follows; the slave witnesses them and gets to know them by mind and heart as well . as to worship Him fully through them. To illustrate; whoever, for example, comprehends the Highness of Allah above His Creation, while encompassing them with His Might and Knowledge, should he worship Him till his heart becomes directly sustained by Him. The slave’s heart goes up to Him in private conference with full submission and humiliation. He stands before Allah as a humiliated slave standing before the Great and Honorable King. He feels that all his speech and acts are disclosed before Him, hence, he feels shy to do anything that is deemed shameful before His Sight. Moreover, he witnesses the descending of the Divine Orders and Ordainments upon all corners of the world all the time with all kinds of affair charging; causing death, giving life, giving might, abasing, raising, providing sustenance, preventing benefits, removing agonies, inflicting agonies, and turning the days among the creatures, etc. Allah (SWT) says; “He manages and regulates (every) affair from the heavens to the earth; then it (affair) will go up to Him, in One Day, the space whereof is a thousand years of your reckoning (i.e. reckoning of our present world’s time)}. (Surah As-Sajdah; 5) So, whosoever fulfills the obligations due to this witness, he really finds sufficiency and richness in his Lord. Indeed, very few people are given this blessing by Almighty Allah.

What is the mediation of the Messenger? The mediation of the Messenger is the transmission of Allah’s Message. Allah (SWT) says; “O Messenger (Muhammad, Proclaim (the Message) which has been sent down to you from your Lord… ” (Surah Al-Maidah; 67) In response to the testimony of the companions [during the farewell Hajj (pilgrimage)]’ “We bear witness that you have transmitted the Message of Allah (SWT)” The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said; “Allah (SWT), bear witness.” (Muslim).

What is the name of the book that tells us clearly about the reality of the beginning and the end of the world? Al-Qur’an; 73. It is He Who has created the heavens and the earth in truth, and on the Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) He will say; “Be!”, – and it shall become. His Word is the truth. His will be the dominion on the Day when the trumpet will be blown. All-Knower of the unseen and the seen. He is the All-Wise, Well-Aware (of all things). (Surah Al-An’am; 73).

What is the only religion man is ordered to embrace? It is Pure Islamic Monotheism (Worshipping Allah Alone and nothing else); the religion of Ibrahim [Abraham] (PBUH). Allah, Most High says; Truly, the religion with Allah is Islam. (Surah Ale Imran;  19) He says; Do they seek other than the religion of Allah (the true Islamic Monotheism worshipping none but Allah Alone), while to Him submitted all creatures in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly. (Surah Ale Imran; 83) He says; “And who turns away from the religion of Ibrahim (Abraham) (i.e. Islamic Monotheism) except him who befools himself?. (Surah Al-Baqarah;; 130) He says; And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers. (Surah Ale-Imran, 85) He says; Or have they partners with Allah (false gods) who have instituted for them a religion which Allah has not ordained?}. (Surah Ash-Shura;; 21)

What is the opposite of “Oneness of the Lordship of Allah”? The opposite is to worship others besides Allah. This implies attributing divine qualities to anyone else. It particularly implies associating partners in worship with Allah or believing that the source of power, harm or blessing is from others besides Allah. Allah (SWT) says; “Whatever of mercy (i.e. of good), Allah may grant to mankind, none can withhold it; and whatever He may withhold, none can grant it thereafter. And He is the All-Mighty, the AllWise. 0 Mankind! Remember the Grace of Allah upon you! Is there any creator other than Allah who provides for you from the sky (rain) and the earth? La ilaha ilIa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). How then are you turning away (from Him)?}. (Surah Fatir; 2, 3) Allah (SWT) says; “And if Allah touches you with hurt, there is none who can remove it but He, and if He intends any good for . you, there is none who can repel His Favor which He causes it to reach whomsoever of His slaves He wills}. (Surah Yunus; 107) Allah (SWT) says; “Say; “Tell me then, the things that you invoke besides Allah – if Allah intended some harm for me, could they remove His harm? Or if He (Allah) intended some mercy for me, could they withhold His Mercy?” Say “Sufficient for me is Allah,. in Him those who trust (i.e. believers) must put their trust}. (Surah Az-Zurnar; 38) Allah (SWT) says; “And with Him are the keys of the Ghaib (all that is hidden), none knows them but He}. (Surah Al-An ‘am, 59) Allah (SWT) says; “Say; “None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghaib (Unseen) except Allah, nor can they perceive when they shall be resurrected}. (Surah An-Naml; 5)  6Allah (SWT) says; (And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills}. (Surah Al-Baqarah;, 255) Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) says; “Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, said; Glory is His lower garment and Majesty is His cloak and (Allah says;) He who contends with Me in regard to them I shall torment him “. (Bukhari and Muslim)

What is the origin of creation? The Qur’an provides a clear cut answer to the question; At what point did life begin? The first verse also refers to the formation of the universe; 30. Have not those who disbelieve known that the heavens and the earth were joined together as one united piece, then We parted them? And We have made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe? (Surah Al-Anbiyah’; (30). The phrase can equally mean that every living thing was made of water (as its essential component) or that every living thing originated in water. Life is in fact of aquatic origin and water is the living component of all living cells. Without water, life is not possible. When the possibility of life on another planet is discussed, the first question is; Is there a sufficient quantity of water to support life? Modern data leads us to think that the oldest living beings probably belonged from the vegetable kingdom; Algae have been found that date from the pre-Cambrian period, the time of the oldest known lands. Organisms belonging to the animal kingdom probably appeared slightly later; They too came from the sea. The words translated here as ‘water’ is in fact ‘ma’, which means both water in the sky and water in the sea, or any kind of liquid. In the first meaning, water is the element necessary to all vegetable life; 53. Who has made earth for you like a bed (spread out); and has opened roads (ways and paths etc.) for you therein; and has sent down water (rain) from the sky. And We have brought forth with it various kinds of vegetation. (Surah Ta-Ha; 53) This is the first reference to a ‘pair’ of vegetables; we shall cause to return to this notion later. In the second meaning, which refers to any kind of liquid, the words are used in its indeterminate form to designate the substance at the basis of the formation of all animal life. 45. Allah has created every moving (living) creature from water. Of them there are some that creep on their bellies, some that walk on two legs, and some that walk on four. Allah creates what He wills. Verily! Allah is Able to do all things. (Surah An-Nur; 45) “He it is Who sends down water (rain) from the sky, from it you drink and from it (grows) the vegetation on which you send your cattle to pasture. With it He causes to grow for you the crops, the olives, the date-palms, the grapes, and every kind of fruit. Verily! In this is indeed an evident proof and a manifest Sign for people who give thought.”   (Surah An-Nahl; 10-11) “An d We send down blessed water (rain0 from the sky, then We produce therein gardens and grain (every kind of harvests that are reaped). And tall date-palms with ranged clusters. A provision for (Allah’s) slaves. And We give life therewith to a dead land. Thus will be the Resurrection (of the dead).”  (Surah Al-Qaf; 9-11)  Thus the statement in the Qur’an on the origins of life, are all strictly in accordance with modern scientific data. None of the myths on the origins of life that abounded at the time the Qur’an was communicated to man are mentioned in the text..

What is the origin of the Jinns? The Jinn are another creation of Allah; the jinn are not fallen angels.  They were created from a smokeless flame of fire, who were created from smokeless fire and existed before the creation of Adam (AS). They have their rules of conduct and have been given certain special capabilities; several passages about them appear in Surah Al-Jinn. Like humans, they are given the choice of doing good or evil, to believe in Allah and to obey His commandments. It is for this reason, both mankind and Jinn will be accounted for on the judgment day. 1 Say (O Muhammad); It is revealed unto me that a company of the Jinn gave ear, and they said; Lo! It is a marvelous Qur’an, (Surah Al-Jinn 1) 14. He created man (Adam) from sounding clay like the clay of pottery.15. And the jinn did He create from a smokeless flame of fire.16. Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? ( SURAH AR-RAHMAN  14-16)26. And indeed, We created man from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud.27. And the jinn, We created aforetime from the smokeless flame of fire. (SURAH AL-HIJR; 26-27)50. And (remember) when We said to the angels; “Prostrate to Adam.” So they prostrated except Iblis (Satan). He was one of the jinn; he disobeyed the Command of his Lord. Will you then take him (Iblis) and his offspring as protectors and helpers rather than Me while they are enemies to you? What an evil is the exchange for the Zalimun (polytheists, and wrong-doers, etc). (SURAH AL-KAHF 50) so, the first recorded jinn to be disobedient is Iblis.  Disbelieving, disobedient jinn and humans are known as shayateen (satans). 30. Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny?31. We shall attend to you, O you two classes (jinns and men)!32. Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? 33. O assembly of jinn and men! If you have power to pass beyond the zones of the heavens and the earth, then pass (them)! But you will never be able to pass them, except with authority (from Allah)! 34. Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? (SURAH AR-RAHMAN 30-34) 128. And on the Day when He will gather them (all) together (and say); “O you assembly of jinn! Many did you mislead of men,” and their Auliya’ (friends and helpers, etc.) amongst men will say; “Our Lord! We benefited one from the other, but now we have reached our appointed term which You did appoint for us.” He will say; “The Fire be your dwelling-place, you will dwell therein forever, except as Allah may will. Certainly your Lord is All-Wise, All-Knowing.” (SURAH AL-AN’AM 128)130. O you assembly of jinn and mankind! “Did not there come to you Messengers from amongst you, reciting unto you My Verses and warning you of the meeting of this Day of yours?” They will say; “We bear witness against ourselves.” It was the life of this world that deceived them. And they will bear witness against themselves that they were disbelievers. ( SURAH AL-AN’AM130) 56. And I (Allah) created not the jinn and humans except they should worship Me (Alone). (SURAH AZ-ZARIYAT 56);88. Say; “If the mankind and the jinn were together to produce the like of this Qur’an, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they helped one another.” (SURAH AL-ASRAA 88) 179. And surely, We have created many of the jinn and mankind for Hell. They have hearts wherewith they understand not, they have eyes wherewith they see not, and they have ears wherewith they hear not (the truth). They are like cattle, nay even more astray; those! They are the heedless ones. (SURAH AL-A’RAF , 179).

What is the place of “boasting of things that one has not done” in the Qur’an? In the Qur’an, Allah advises humanity to be sincere in every deed and to seek only His good pleasure. On the other hand, any expectation of praise results from seeking the appreciation of other people and trying to please them. Those who have such a point of view attempt to boast about what they have and have not done. However, taking credit for what one has not done and using it to gain other people’s esteem is simply lying to Allah, for He knows what each person has and has not done. The Qur’an condemns trying to profit from knowledge unknown to people, whereas Allah knows it, and boasting. Even though such people may seem to be gaining some benefit at that very moment, they are, in fact, losers, for Allah will hold them responsible for every word they utter and will certainly pay them their due in the Hereafter. Their situation is explained in the Qur’an, as follows; Those who exult in what they have done and love to be praised for what they have not done should not suppose that they have escaped the punishment. They will have a painful punishment.  (Surah Al `Imran, 188)

What is the place of gossip in the Qur’an? In the Qur’an, Allah forbids believers backbiting, and refers to it as an indecency;… And do not backbite one another. Would any of you like to eat his brother’s dead flesh? No, you would hate it. Heed Allah. Allah is Ever-Returning, Most Merciful.  (Surah Al-Hujuraat, 12)As commanded by this verse, people who live by Islamic morals and are like brothers and sisters to each other strictly avoid this behaviour. On the contrary, believers remember only each other’s good intentions and always try to highlight their good attributes. They do not try to find defects or faults in believers—people who are submissive to the will of Allah. Gossip, which indeed causes great distress to people in societies remote from Islamic morals, is a corruption that never exists among believers who maintain the limits set by Allah. When believers notice an imperfection or other defect in another, they do not backbite, but instead advise the person directly so that he will amend his unacceptable behaviour.

What is the position of affirming faith in the Divine Decree in religion? Affirming faith in the Divine Decree is required by Tauhid (Oneness of Allah), and affirming faith in the means bringing forth its good and blocking up its evil is required by Iman (Faith). However, the matter of religion can not be sound or perfect unless one believes in the Divine Decree and be obedient to Shar’ (Legislation). As the Prophet (PBUH) affirmed the matter of Divine Decree, then he answered the one who said to him; “Allah’s Messenger! Should we not then depend upon our destiny and abandon our deeds? Thereupon, he (PBUH) said; Acts of everyone will be facilitated according to that which each has been created for so that whoever belongs to the company of the blessed will have good works made easier for him and whoever belongs to the unfortunate ones will have evil acts made easier for him.” (Sahih Bukhari) Thus, whoever negates the Divine Decree falsely claiming its contradiction with the Legislation, he disables the Knowledge and Ability of Allah, and declares the slave independent and creator of his own deeds. Hence, he appoints another god besides Allah, rather, he claims that all creatures are creators. Whoever holds it as an argument against Shar’ (Legislation), negating the ability and the right to choice of the slave granted by Allah the Almighty to him and accordingly is charged with duties, and falsely claiming that Allah charged His slaves with what they can not afford. In doing this, he attributes injustice to Allah the Almighty, tracing the footsteps of the Cursed One, Satan who said; “Because You have sent me astray, surely I will sit in wait against them (human beings) on Your Straight Path}. (Surah Al-A’raf; 16) As for the true believers, they believe in the Divine Decree about good and evil, and in that Allah is the Creator of all this. They submit themselves to the Legislation; orders and forbidding. They adjudicate themselves to it in secret and public. They believed that guidance and misleading are at Allah’s Hand. He guides whom He wills with His Grace, . and misleads whom He wills with His Justice and He is the Best Knower of the places proper for receiving His Grace and Justice; “Verily, your Lord it is He Who knows best him who goes astray from His Path, and He knows best him who receives guidance}. (Surah An-Najm; 30) They also believe in that He has Perfect Wisdom and Penetrative Argument, and that reward and punishment are dependent on Legislation and not on Divine Decree. They only console themselves with Divine Decree on time of calamities, but when they are given a good virtue, they attribute it to its owner, saying; “All the praises and thanks be to Allah, Who has guided us to this, and never could we have found guidance, were it not that Allah had guided us!}. (Surah Al-A’raf; 43) They do not say as said by the dissolute “This has been given to me only because of the knowledge I possess}. (Surah Al-Qasas; 78) When they commit a sin, they say; “Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You forgive us not, and bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers}. (Surah Al-A’raf; 23) They do not say as said by the Devil; “O my Lord! Because you misled me!}. (Surah Al-Hijr; 39) When they are afflicted with a calamity, they say; “Truly! To Allah we belong and truly to Him we shall return}. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 156) They do not say as said by those who disbelieved; “Who say to their brethren when they travel through the earth or go out to fight; “If they had stayed with us, they would not have died or been killed,” so that Allah may make it a cause of regret in their hearts. It is Allah that gives life and causes death. And Allah is All-Seer of what you do}. (Surah Ale’ Imran; 156)

What is the position of the Glorious Qur’an among the earlier Divine Books? Allah (SWT) says regarding this, “And We have sent down to you (O Muhammad (PBUH)) the Book (this Qur’an) . in truth, confirming the Scripture that came before it and Muhaymin (trustworthy in highness and a witness) over it (old Scriptures). (Surah Al-Ma’idah; 48) Allah (SWT) says; “And this Qur’an is not such as could ever be produced by other than Allah (Lord of the heavens and the earth) but it is a confirmation of (the revelation) which was before it [i.e. the Taurat (Torah), and the Injeel (Gospel)], and a full explanation of the Book (i.e. laws, decreed for mankind) – wherein there is no doubt from the Lord of the `Alamin (mankind, jinn, and all that exists)}. (Surah Yunus;37) Allah (SWT) says; “It (the Qur’an) is not a forged statement but a confirmation of (Allah’s existing Books) which were before it [i.e. the Taurat (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel) and other Scriptures of Allah] and a detailed explanation of everything and a guide and a Mercy for the people who believe}. (Surah Yusuf; 111) Scholars of Exegesis say; Muhaimin means trustworthy in highness and a witness s over the old Scriptures testifying the truth that is therein and falsifying the falsehood that is added therein. Thus, all sincere adherents of the earlier Scriptures must submit and subjugate themselves to it (the Glorious Qur’an). Allah (SWT) says; “Those to whom We gave the Scripture [i.e. the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] before it, they believe in it (the Qur’an). And when it is recited to them, they say; “We believe in it. Verily, it is the truth from our Lord. Indeed even before it we have been from those who submit themselves to Allah in Islam as Muslims (like’ Abdullah Ibn Salam and Salman Al-Farisi), they believe in it (the Qur’an). And when it is recited to them, they say; “We believe in it. Verily, it is the truth from our Lord. Indeed even before it we have been from those who submit tthemselves to Allah in Islam as Muslims (like `Abdullah Ibn Salam and Salman Al-Farisi)}.( Surah Al-Qasas;  52, 53)

What is the position of the two testimonies in Islam? One cannot be regarded a Muslim till he pronounces them. Allah (SWT) says; “The true believers are only those, who believe in (the Oneness of Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH). (Surah An-Nur; 62) Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) says; “I have been commanded to fight against people till they testify that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, perform Prayer, and pay Zakah. If they do that, their blood and property are guaranteed protection on my behalf except when justified by law, and their affairs rest with Allah “, (Bukhari and Muslim)

What is the practical disbelief that does not exclude one from the fold of Islam? This includes all deeds of disobedience the Legislator called “Kufr” disbelief, though the doer is still regarded as Muslim. This is such as the saying of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) that reads; “Do not return to disbelief after me (my death) by striking the necks of one another.” (Bukhari and Muslim) His (PBUH) saying, “Abusing a Muslim is an outrage and fighting against him is disbelief ” (Bukhari and Muslim) Thus, the Prophet (PBUH) called the fighting of Muslims one against the other “Disbelief” and the doers of this as “Disbelievers”, while the Glorious Qur’an says; And if two parties or groups among the believers fall to fighting, then make peace between them both. But if one of them outrages against the other, then fight you (all) against the one that which outrages till it complies with the Command of Allah. Then if it complies, then make reconciliation between them justly, and be equitable. Verily! Allah loves those who are the equitable. The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion). So make reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allah, that you may receive mercy}. (Surah Al-Hujuraat, 9, 10) Though the verse made clear that the two parties were fighting one another, Allah the Almighty still calls them “believers” and ascribes . religious brotherhood to them. The verse mentions nothing about the removal of their faith or the denial of their religious brotherhood. In addition, Allah (SWT) says in the verse of Al-Qasas (just retaliation); “But if the killer is forgiven by the brother (or the relatives, etc.) of the deceased against blood-money, then adhering to it with fairness and payment of the blood-money to the heir should be made in fairness}. (Surah Al-Baqarah, 178) In the previous verse, Allah the Almighty affirmed for the killer the brotherhood in religion and did not remove it from him. In addition, the Prophet (PBUH) says; “The fornicator who fornicates is not a believer so long as he commits it and no thief who steals is a believer as long as he commits theft, and no drunkard who drinks wine is a believer as long as he drinks it.'” Abdul-Malik Ibn Abu Bakr narrated this on the authority of Abu Bakr Ibn Abdur -Rahman Ibn Harith and then said; Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) made this addition; “No plunderer who plunders a valuable thing that attracts the attention of people is a believer so long as he commits this act.” (Bukhari and Muslim) In addition, Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported; I came to the Messenger (PBUH) and he was asleep with a white mantle over him. I again came, he was still asleep, I came again and he had awakened. I sat by his side and (the Prophet) observed; There is none among the slaves who affirmed his faith in La illaha illallah (there is no God but Allah) and died in this state and did not enter Paradise. I (Abu Dharr) said; Even if he committed adultery and theft? He (the Prophet) replied; (Yes) even though he committed adultery and theft. I (again said); Even if he committed adultery and theft? He (PBUH) replied; (Yes) even though he committed adultery and theft. (The Prophet repeated it three times) and said after the fourth time; “In defiance of Abu Dharr.” Abu Dharr then went out and he repeated (these words); In defiance of Abu Dharr.” (Bukhari and Muslim) . This proves that he did not deny absolute faith regarding the fornicator, thief, wine drinker and the killer; if he intended so, he would not say that whosoever says La illaha illallah and dies in this state, he enters Paradise, even though he commits these deeds of disobedience. In fact, none would enter Paradise except the believers. Hence, what he meant is the in-completion or imperfection of faith. But, whosoever commits such deeds of disobedience, while regarding them lawful and permissible, is a disbeliever. So doing, he rejects the Qur’an and denies the Prophetic Sunnah. Even, he becomes a disbeliever if he thinks them (these deeds of disobedience) lawful and permissible even though he commits them not, and Allah the Almighty is the Best Knower.

What is the proof of the differences among their Shara’i` (pl. Shari’ah) laws pertaining to what is lawful [Halal] and what is unlawful [Haram]? Allah (SWT)  says in His Glorious Qur’an, To each among you, We have prescribed “Shir`ah wa Minhaj” a law and a clear way. If Allah had willed, He would have made you one nation, but that (He) may test you in what He has given you; so compete in good deeds. (Surah Al-Ma’idah; 48) Ibn ‘Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) said; “Shir`ah wa Minhaj means a law and a clear way.”

What is the proof of the testimony that there is no god but Allah? Allah Almighty’s Saying; “Allah bears witness that La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), and the angels, and, those having knowledge (also give this witness),’ (He always) maintains His creation in Justice. La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the All-Mighty, the All-wise}. (Surah Ale ‘Imran; 18) Allah says; So know (O Muhammad (PBUH)) that, La ilaha illallah (none the right to be worshipped but Allah)}. (Surah Muhammad; 19) Allah says; Say (O Muhammad (PBUH); “I am only a warner and there is no Ilah (god) except Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah) the One, the Irresistible}. (Surah Sad; 65) Allah says; No son (or offspring) did Allah beget, nor is there any Ilah (god) along with Him.(If there had been many gods), then each god would have taken away what he had created, and some would have tried to overcome others! Glorified is Allah above all that they attribute to Him!}. (Surah Al-Mu’minun; 91) Allah says; Say (O Muhammad (PBUH) to these polytheists, pagans); “If there had been other alihah (gods) along with Him as they assert, then they would certainly have sought but a way to the Lord of the Throne (seeking His Pleasures and to be near to Him). (Surah Al-Asraa 42)

What is the proof Qur’an is of Divine origin? ‘Qur’an provides threefold proofs; Say.“ Say (O Muhammad ); “If Allah had so willed, I should not have recited it to you nor would He have made it known to you. Verily, I have stayed amongst you a life time before this. Have you then no sense? ”(Surah Yunus;16) For full forty years before Muhammad (PBUH) claimed Prophethood, had lived amongst the Makkans and they had acclaimed him  as “al-Amin’ and had never doubted his honesty and integrity. Just as Moses got quite unexpectedly the Divine Command …“I will send thee unto Pharoah. “(Exod. 3; 10). Likewise quite unexpectedly, Muhammad (PBUH) was blessed with Divine Revelation. “82. Do they not then consider the Qur’an carefully? Had it been from other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much contradictions. (Surah An-Nisaa;82) Or do they say; “He (Muhammad ) has forged it (this Qur’an)?” Nay! They believe not!;  Let them then produce a recital like unto it (the Qur’an) if they are truthful. (Surah At-Tur 33-34)13. Or they say, “He (Prophet Muhammad) forged it (the Qur’an).” Say; “Bring you then ten forged Surah (chapters) like unto it, and call whomsoever you can, other than Allah (to your help), if you speak the truth!” (Surah Hud;13) And if you (Arab pagans, Jews, and Christians) are in doubt concerning that which We have sent down (i.e. the Qur’an) to Our slave (Muhammad Peace be upon him), then produce a Surah (chapter) of the like thereof and call your witnesses (supporters and helpers) besides Allah, if you are truthful. (Surah Al-Baqarah;23) These challenges were made over 1435 years ago, yet till today no one could dare accept them.48. Neither did you (O Muhammad ) read any book before it (this Qur’an), nor did you write any book (whatsoever) with your right hand. In that case, indeed, the followers of falsehood might have doubted. (Surah Al-Ankabut 48). It is a historical fact that the holy Prophet (PBUH) was not literate and could neither write nor read. If he had these worldly gifts, there wouldhave been some plausibility in thecharges of the talkers of vanities thathe spoke from other people’s books orthat he composed the beautiful versesof the Qur’an himself and committedthem to memory to recite to thepeople. “ The circumstances in which the Qur’an came bear their own testimonyto its truth as from Allah.

What is the proof that the word “Islam” is used to denote the whole matter of religion? Allah the Most High says; “Truly, the religion with Allah is Islam}. (Surah Al’ Imran; 19) Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) says; “Islam started in loneliness and will end as it started in loneliness, blessed be the lonely”. (Sahih Muslim) He (PBUH) says; “The best of deeds in Islam is Belief in Allah”. (Musnad Ahmed)

What is the Prophet’s task mentioned in the Qur’an? Verily, We have sent you (O Muhammad (PBUH)  Peace be upon him ) with the truth (Islam), a bringer of glad tidings (for those who believe in what you brought, that they will enter Paradise) and a warner (for those who disbelieve in what you brought, they will enter the Hell-fire).And you will not be asked about the dwellers of the blazing Fire. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 119 ) So remind them (O Muhammad (PBUH) , you are only a one who reminds. You are not a dictator over them. (Surah al-Ghaashiyah; 21-22 )  26. Say (O Muhammad (PBUH); “The knowledge (of its exact time) is with Allah (SWT) only, and I am only a plain warner.” (Surah al-Mulk; 26) 56. This (Muhammad (PBUH) is a warner (Messenger) of the (series of) warners (Messengers) of old (Surah An-Najm; 56) 45. You (O Muhammad (PBUH)  are only a warner for those who fear it, (Surah an-Nazi’aat;  45) 50. So flee to Allah (SWT) (from His Torment to His Mercy Islamic Monotheism), verily, (Muhammad (PBUH) am a plain warner to you from Him. 51. And set not up (or worship) any other ilahan (god) along with Allah (SWT) [Glorified be He (Alone), Exalted above all that they associate as partners with Him]. Verily, I (Muhammad (PBUH) am a plain warner to you from Him. (Surah Adh-Dhariyat;; 50-51)  56. This (Muhammad (PBUH) is a warner (Messenger) of the (series of) warners (Messengers) of old . (;Surah An-Najm; 56) 8. Verily, We have sent you (O Muhammad (PBUH) as a witness, as a bearer of glad tidings, and as a warner.(Surah Al-Fath; 8).

What is the punishment for adultery and for wrong allegation of adultery? 2. The woman and the man guilty of illegal sexual intercourse, flog each of them with a hundred stripes. Let not pity withhold you in their case, in a punishment prescribed by Allah, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. And let a party of the believers witness their punishment. (This punishment is for unmarried persons guilty of the above crime but if married persons commit it, the punishment is to stone them to death, according to Allah’s Law). (Surah an-Nur; 2)….4. And those who accuse chaste women, and produce not four witnesses, flog them with eighty stripes, and reject their testimony forever, they indeed are the Fasiqun (liars, rebellious, disobedient to Allah. (Surah an-Nur; 4).

What is the punishment for breaking promises and covenants? 77. Verily, those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah’s Covenant and their oaths, they shall have no portion in the Hereafter (Paradise). Neither will Allah  speak to them, nor look at them on the Day of Resurrection, nor will He purify them, and they shall have a painful torment. “(Surah Ale-‘Imran; 77) 89. Allah  will not punish you for what is uninentional in your oaths, but He will punish you for your deliberate oaths; for its expiation (a deliberate oath) feed ten Masakin (poor persons), on a scale of the average of that with which you feed your own families; or clothe them; (Surah al-Maidah; 89).

What is the punishment for dishonoring good woman? 23. Verily, those who accuse chaste women, who never even think of anything touching their chastity and are good believers, are cursed in this life and in the Hereafter, and for them will be a great torment, (Surah Al-Nur; 23).

What is the punishment for homicide? 92. It is not for a believer to kill a believer except (that it be) by mistake, and whosoever kills a believer by mistake, (it is ordained that) he must set free a believing slave and a compensation (blood money, i.e Diya) be given to the deceased’s family, unless they remit it. If the deceased belonged to a people at war with you and he was a believer; the freeing of a believing slave (is prescribed), and if he belonged to a people with whom you have a treaty of mutual alliance, compensation (blood money – Diya) must be paid to his family, and a believing slave must be freed. And whoso finds this (the penance of freeing a slave) beyond his means, he must fast for two consecutive months in order to seek repentance from Allah. And Allah  is Ever All-Knowing, All-Wise.  93. And whoever kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell to abide therein, and the Wrath and the Curse of Allah  are upon him, and a great punishment is prepared for him.  (Surah an-Nisaa;92-93).

What is the punishment for man and woman guilty of lewdness? 15. And those of your women who commit illegal sexual intercourse, take the evidence of four witnesses from amongst you against them; and if they testify, confine them (i.e. women) to houses until death comes to them or Allah ordains for them some (other) way. 16. And the two persons (man and woman) among you who commit illegal sexual intercourse, punish them both. And if they repent (promise Allah that they will never repeat, i.e. commit illegal sexual intercourse and other similar sins) and do righteous good deeds, leave them alone. Surely, Allah is Ever the One Who accepts repentance, (and He is) Most Merciful.  (Surah an-Nisaa; 15-16).

What is the punishment for theft in Islam? “Cut off (from the wrist joint) the (right) hand of the thief, male or female, as a recompense for that which they committed, a punishment by way of example from Allah (SWT). And Allah is All-Powerful, All-Wise. (Surah al-Maidah; 38 ).

What is the punishment for those who spend their wealth to hinder men from the path of Allah (SWT)? 36. Verily, those who disbelieve spend their wealth to hinder (men) from the Path of Allah (SWT), and so will they continue to spend it; but in the end it will become an anguish for them. Then they will be overcomed. And those who disbelieve will be gathered unto Hell.  (Surah Al-Anfal; 36).

What is the punishment for wrong allegation of adultery? 4. And those who accuse chaste women, and produce not four witnesses, flog them with eighty stripes, and reject their testimony forever, they indeed are the Fasiqun (liars, rebellious, disobedient to Allah. (Surah an-Nur; 4).

What is the purpose of all the prophets who were sent down to the world? All the prophets were sent with one message, “Worship Allah and None else. ”All the prophets sent by Allah came with the same essential message; “Indeed, We have sent a messenger to every nation (saying), ‘Worship God and avoid false gods…’ (Surah An-Nahl; 36) The prophets brought the same answer to mankind’s most troubling question, an answer that addresses the yearning of the soul for Allah (SWT) . Muslims believe in all the Prophets that Allah sent. These prophets include Adam, Nuh, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad. They all came with the same message – to call their people to the belief and worship of the One True God. snv

What is the purpose of creating castes and tribes? 13. O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honourable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa [i.e. one of the Muttaqun (pious). Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware.  (Surah al-Hujuraat; 13).

What is the purposes of marriage in Islam? The marriage has three main aspects i.e. companionship, protection from the sinful act of adultery and the care of children. Marriage is strongly recommended in Islam. Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an; 21. And among His Signs is this, that He created for you wives from among yourselves, that you may find repose in them, and He has put between you affection and mercy. Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people who reflect. (Surah Ar-Rum;21) The relationship between a husband and a wife should therefore be one of companionship, each showing love, understanding and care towards the other. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said;  “Marry the one who is loving and fertile, for I will be proud of your great numbers before the nations [i.e., on the Day of Resurrection].” .

What Is the Qur’an About? The word “Qur’an” is derived from the Arabic root “qara’a”, which means to read, to recite etc. Al-Qur’an as a noun therefore means “the reading” or “the recitation”. The Qur’an, the last revealed word of God, is the primary source of every Muslim’s faith and practice.  1. Verily! We have sent it (this Qur’an) down in the night of Al-Qadr (Decree) (Surah Al-Qadr;  1) Verily, this (the Qur’an) is no less than a Reminder to (all) the ‘Alamin (mankind and jinns). (Surah At-Takwir; 27) He it is Who sent among the unlettered ones a Messenger (Muhammad ) from among themselves, reciting to them His Verses, purifying them (from the filth of disbelief and polytheism), and teaching them the Book (this Qur’an, Islamic laws and Islamic jurisprudence) and Al-Hikmah (As-Sunnah; legal ways, orders, acts of worship, etc. of Prophet Muhammad ). And verily, they had been before in mainfest error; (Surah Al-Jumu’ah; 2) It deals with all the subjects concern human beings; wisdom, doctrine, worship, transactions, law, etc., but its basic theme is the relationship between God and His creatures. 2. This is the Book (the Qur’an), whereof there is no doubt, a guidance to those who are Al-Muttaqun [the pious and righteous persons who fear Allah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has forbidden) and love Allah much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)].4. And who believe in (the Qur’an and the Sunnah) which has been sent down (revealed) to you (Muhammad Peace be upon him ) and in [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel), etc.] which were sent down before you and they believe with certainty in the Hereafter. (Resurrection, recompense of their good and bad deeds, Paradise and Hell, etc.). (SurahAl-Baqarah; 4) 48. And verily, this Qur’an is a Reminder for the Muttaqun 49. And verily, We know that there are some among you that be lie (this Qur’an). 50. And indeed it (this Qur’an) will be an anguish for the disbelievers (on the Day of Resurrection).51. And Verily, it (this Qur’an) is an absolute truth with certainty . (Surah Al-Haqqah; 48-51) 29. Verily! This (Verses of the Qur’an) is an admonition, so whosoever wills, let him take a Path to his Lord (Allah). (Surah Al-Insan; 29. ) At the same time, it provides guidelines and detailed teachings for a just society, proper human conduct, and an equitable economic system. 13. Verily! This (the Qur’an) is the Word that separates (the truth from falsehood, and commands strict legal laws for mankind to cut the roots of evil). (Surah At-Tariq (13) 19. Verily, this is the Word (this Qur’an brought by) a most honourable messenger [Jibrael (Gabriel), from Allah to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). (Surah At-Takwir; 19. ) 21.  Had We sent down this Qur’an on a mountain, you would surely have seen it humbling itself and rending asunder by the fear of Allah. Such are the parables which We put forward to mankind that they may reflect . (Surah Al-Hashr; 21) 77. That (this) is indeed an honourable recital (the Noble Qur’an).78. In a Book well-guarded (with Allah in the heaven i.e. Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz).79. Which (that Book with Allah) none can touch but the purified (i.e. the angels).80. A Revelation (this Qur’an) from the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).81. Is it such a talk (this Qur’an) that you (disbelievers) deny? (Surah Al-Waqi’ah; 77-81)  Note that the Qur’an was revealed to Muhammad (PBUH)  in Arabic only.  So, any Qur’anic translation, either in English or any other language, is neither a Qur’an, nor a version of the Qur’an, but rather it is only a translation of the meaning of the Qur’an.  The Qur’an exists only in the Arabic in which it was revealed..

What is the Qur’anic objectives of life?  Qur‘an has clearly outlined the objectives of Islam, which are as follows; To Work for the common good “104. Let there arise out of you a group of people inviting to all that is good (Islam), enjoining Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do) and forbidding Al-Munkar (polytheism and disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden). And it is they who are the successful. (Surah Ale-Imran;104) To endeavour for the unity of mankind “1. O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Adam), and from him (Adam) He created his wife [Hawwa (Eve)], and from them both He created many men and women and fear Allah through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the wombs (kinship) . Surely, Allah is Ever an All-Watcher over you. (Surah an-Nisaa;’ 1. ) “19. Mankind were but one community (i.e. on one religion – Islamic Monotheism), then they differed (later), and had not it been for a Word that went forth before from your Lord, it would have been settled between them regarding what they differed . (Surah Yunus; 19. )”52. And verily! This your religion (of Islamic Monotheism) is one religion, and I am your Lord, so keep your duty to Me.53. But they (men) have broken their religion among them into sects, each group rejoicing in its belief. (Surah al-Mu’minun;52-53)”92. Truly! This, your Ummah [Sharia or religion (Islamic Monotheism)] is one religion, and I am your Lord, therefore worship Me (Alone). (Surah al-Anbiyaa;92) To work for peace at everylevel. “19. Truly, the religion with Allah is Islam. Those who were given the Scripture (Jews and Christians) did not differ except, out of mutual jealousy, after knowledge had come to them. And whoever disbelieves in the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, then surely, Allah  is Swift in calling to account. (Surah Ale-Imran;19) Islam, literally, means Peace and is defined as total submission to God.)” 25. Allah  calls to the home of peace (i.e. Paradise, by accepting Allah’s religion of Islamic Monotheism and by doing righteous good deeds and abstaining from polytheism and evil deeds) and guides whom He wills to a Straight Path. (Surah Yunus; 25) “90. Except those who join a group, between you and whom there is a treaty (of peace), or those who approach you with their breasts restraining from fighting you as well as fighting their own people. Had Allah  willed, indeed He would have given them power over you, and they would have fought you. So if they withdraw from you, and fight not against you, and offer you peace, then Allah  has opened no way for you against them. (Surah an-Nisaa; 90) “15. O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Now has come to you Our Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH) explaining to you much of that which you used to hide from the Scripture and passing over (i.e. leaving out without explaining) much. Indeed, there has come to you from Allah a light (Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and a plain Book (this Qur’an). 16. Wherewith Allah  guides all those who seek His Good Pleasure to ways of peace, and He brings them out of darkness by His Will unto light and guides them to a Straight Way (Islamic Monotheism). (Surah Al-Maidah15-16) To maintain universal harmony and balance “143. Thus We have made you [true Muslims – real believers of Islamic Monotheism, true followers of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)   and his sunnah (legal ways)], a Wasat (just) (and the best) nation, that you be witnesses over mankind and the Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH) be a witness over you. And We made the Qiblah (prayer direction towards Jerusalem) which you used to face, only to test those who followed the Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH) from those who would turn on their heels (i.e. disobey the Messenger). Indeed it was great (heavy) except for those whom Allah  guided. And Allah  would never make your faith (prayers) to be lost (i.e. your prayers offered towards Jerusalem). Truly, Allah  is full of kindness, the Most Merciful towards mankind. (Surah Al-Baqarah; ; (143) “And the Sky has He raised high, and He has set up the Balance (in it) in order that ye may not transgress (due) balance. ” (Surah Ar-Rahman;7-8) To work for justice at every level “108. These are the Verses of Allah; We recite them to you (O Muhammad (PBUH) in truth, and Allah  wills no injustice to any of His creatures. ” (Surah Ale-Imran;108) “135. O you who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah , even though it be against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, be he rich or poor, Allah  is a Better Protector to both (than you). So follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest you may avoid justice, and if you distort your witness or refuse to give it, verily, Allah is Ever Well-Acquainted with what you do. (Surah an-Nisaa;’ 135) 90. Verily, Allah  enjoins Al-Adl (i.e. justice and worshipping none but Allah  Alone – Islamic Monotheism) and Al-Ihsan [i.e. to be patient in performing your duties to Allah, totally for Allah’s sake and in accordance with the Sunnah (legal ways) of the Prophet  in a perfect manner, and giving (help) to kith and kin and forbids evil deeds, and  all that is prohibited by Islamic law; polytheism of every kind, and  disbelief; every kind of evil deeds, etc., and  all kinds of oppression, He admonishes you, that you may take heed. (Surah an-Nahl;90).

What is The Qur’anic principle “Taskheer” (subservience) → In Qur’an there is a clear statement on the principle of “Taskheer” which means that every thing in this universe is subservient unto mankind and that leads to only one conclusion that all the delicate balance, that we see in the universe, is fine-tuned to support the human life. What is really interesting in Qur’anic verses talking about this subservience “Taskheer” is that they are talking about sky and state that every thing in heavens is subserving mankind and that is a clear indication to the theses of the anthropic principle that the universe, from its beginning and through the times of formation of galaxies and stars passing by earth, is directed to support carbon-based human life. Allah (SWT) says; 65. See you not that Allah has subjected to you (mankind) all that is on the earth, and the ships that sail through the sea by His Command? He withholds the heaven from falling on the earth except by His Leave. Verily, Allah is, for mankind, full of Kindness, Most Merciful. (Surah Al-Hajj;65.) Allah (SWT) says; 20. See you not (O men) that Allah has subjected for you whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, and has completed and perfected His Graces upon you, (both) apparent (i.e Islamic Monotheism, and the lawful pleasures of this world, including health, good looks, etc.) and hidden [i.e. One’s Faith in Allah (of Islamic Monotheism) knowledge, wisdom, guidance for doing righteous deeds, and also the pleasures and delights of the Hereafter in Paradise, etc.]? Yet of mankind is he who disputes about Allah without knowledge or guidance or a Book giving light! (Surah Luqman; 20) Allah (SWT) says; 13. And has subjected to you all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth; it is all as a favour and kindness from Him. Verily, in it are signs for a people who think deeply. (Surah Al-Jathiyah;13).

What is the Qur’anic textual proof that a Muslim must believe in the Heavenly Scriptures? Allah (SWT) says in His Glorious Qur’an, O you who believe! Believe in Allah, and His Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH)), and the Book (the Qur’an) which He has sent down to His Messenger, and the Scripture which He sent down to those before (him). (Surah An-Nisaa, 136) . Allah says; Say (O Muslims), “We believe in Allah and that which has been sent down to us and that which has been sent down to Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma`il (Ishmael), Ishaq (Isaac), Ya’qub (Jacob), and to Al-Asbat [the offspring of the twelve sons of Ya`qub (Jacob)], and that which has been given to Musa (Moses) and `Isa (Jesus), and that which has been given to the Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and to Him we have submitted (in Islam).( Surah AI-Baqarah, 136) Allah says; (Say; I believe in whatsoever Allah has sent down of the Book [all the holy Books, – this Qur’an and the Books of the old from the Taurat (Torah), or the Injeel (Gospel) or the Pages of Ibrahim (Abraham)]. (Surah Ash-Shura, 15)

What is the Qur’anic textual proof that being judged rightfully (Just Retaliation) is a fact of the Last Day? Allah (SWT) says; “Surely! Allah wrongs not even of the weight of an atom (or a small ant), but if there is any good (done), He doubles it, and gives from Him a great reward}. (Surah An-Nisaa’;  40) Allah (SWT) says; “This Day shall every person be recompensed for what he earned. This Day no injustice (shall be done to anybody). Truly Allah is Swift in reckoning. And warn them (O Muhammad (PBUH)) of the Day that is drawing near (i.e. the Day of Resurrection), when the hearts will be choking the throats, and they can neither return them (hearts) to their chests nor can they throw them out. There will be no friend, nor an intercessor for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrongdoers), who could be given heed to. Allah knows the fraud of the eyes, and all that the breasts conceal. And Allah judges with truth, while those to whom they invoke besides Him, cannot judge anything. Certainly, Allah! He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer}. (Surah Ghafir;  17-20) Allah (SWT) says; “And it will be judged between them with truth, and they will not be wronged}. (Surah Az-Zumar;  69)

What is the real purpose of sacrifice? It is neither their meat nor their blood that reaches Allah, but it is piety from you that reaches Him. Thus have We made them subject to you that you may magnify Allah for His Guidance to you. And give glad tidings (O Muhammad (PBUH) to the Muhsinun (doers of good). (Surah Al-Hajj; 37).

What is the Reality Of Dreams In Islam? 100. And he raised his parents to the throne and they fell down before him prostrate. And he said; “O my father! This is the interpretation of my dream aforetime! My Lord has made it come true! He was indeed good to me, when He took me out of the prison, and brought you (all here) out of the bedouin-life, after Shaitan (Satan) had sown enmity between me and my brothers. Certainly, my Lord is the Most Courteous and Kind unto whom He will. Truly He! Only He is the All-Knowing, the All-Wise.101. “My Lord! You have indeed bestowed on me of the sovereignty, and taught me the interpretation of dreams; The (only) Creator of the heavens and the earth! You are my Wali (Protector, Helper, Supporter, Guardian, etc.) in this world and in the Hereafter, cause me to die as a Muslim (the one submitting to Your Will), and join me with the righteous.”102. And, when he (his son) was old enough to walk with him, he said; “O my son! I have seen in a dream that I am slaughtering you (offer you in sacrifice to Allah), so look what you think!” He said; “O my father! Do that which you are commanded, Insha’ Allah (if Allah will), you shall find me of As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.).”103. Then, when they had both submitted themselves (to the Will of Allah), and he had laid him prostrate on his forehead (or on the side of his forehead for slaughtering ;104. And We called out to him; “O Abraham!105. You have fulfilled the dream (vision)!” Verily! Thus do We reward the Muhsinun (good-doers ).106. Verily, that indeed was a manifest trial. 107. And We ransomed him with a great sacrifice (a ram);108. And We left for him (a goodly remembrance) among generations (to come) in later times.109. Salamun (peace) be upon Ibrahim (Abraham)!”110. Thus indeed do We reward the Muhsinun (good-doers – 111. Verily, he was one of Our believing slaves. (Surah As-Saffaat; 100-111) “O my father! Verily, I saw (in a dream) eleven stars and the sun and the moon, I saw them prostrating themselves to me.” “And the very next verses explain the advise done by prophet Yaqoob (PBUH) or Jacob; “O my son! Relate not your vision to your brothers, lest they arrange a plot against you. Verily! Satan is to man an open enemy! Thus will your Lord choose you and teach you the interpretation of dreams (an other things) and perfect His Favor on you and on the offspring of Jacob, as He perfected it on your fathers, Abraham, and Isaac aforetime! Verily! your Lord is All-Knowing, All-Wise.” (Surah Yusuf;  4-6) And in his later age,Yusuf (PBUH) or Joseph was blessed with gift of prophecy as exactly forecasted by the dream. and when in his imprisonment Joseph came across with 2 more dreams (of his companions of prison ) “And there entered with him two young men in the prison. One of them said; “Verily, I saw myself (in a dream) pressing wine.” The other said; “Verily, I saw myself (in a dream) carrying bread on my head and birds were eating thereof.” They said; Inform us of the interpretation of this. Verily, we think you are one of those Muhsineen (doers of good).” “O two companions of the prison! As for one of you, he (as a servant) will pour out wine for his lord (King or master) to drink; and as for the other, he will be crucified and birds will eat from his head. Thus is the case judged concerning which you both did inquire.”And he said to the one whom he knew to be saved; “Mention me to your lord (your King, so to get me out of the prison).” But Satan made him forget to mention it to his lord (or Satan made Joseph to forget the remembrance of his Lord (Allah) as to ask for His Help, instead of others). So Joseph stayed in prison a few more years.” (Surah Yusuf; 36-42). 41. “O two companions of the prison! As for one of you, he (as a servant) will pour out wine for his lord (king or master) to drink; and as for the other, he will be crucified and birds will eat from his head. Thus is the case judged concerning which you both did inquire.”42. And he said to the one whom he knew to be saved; “Mention me to your lord (i.e. your king, so as to get me out of the prison).” But Shaitan (Satan) made him forget to mention it to his Lord [or Satan made [(Yusuf (Joseph)] to forget the remembrance of his Lord (Allah) as to ask for His Help, instead of others]. So [Yusuf (Joseph)] stayed in prison a few (more) years.43. And the king (of Egypt) said; “Verily, I saw (in a dream) seven fat cows, whom seven lean ones were devouring – and of seven green ears of corn, and (seven) others dry. O notables! Explain to me my dream, if it be that you can interpret dreams.”44. They said; “Mixed up false dreams and we are not skilled in the interpretation of dreams.”45. Then the man who was released (one of the two who were in prison), now at length remembered and said; “I will tell you its interpretation, so send me forth.”46. (He said); “O Yusuf (Joseph), the man of truth! Explain to us (the dream) of seven fat cows whom seven lean ones were devouring, and of seven green ears of corn, and (seven) others dry, that I may return to the people, and that they may know.”47. [(Yusuf (Joseph)] said; “For seven consecutive years, you shall sow as usual and that (the harvest) which you reap you shall leave in ears, (all) – except a little of it which you may eat.48. “Then will come after that, seven hard (years), which will devour what you have laid by in advance for them, (all) except a little of that which you have guarded (stored).49. “Then thereafter will come a year in which people will have abundant rain and in which they will press (wine and oil).”50. And the king said; “Bring him to me.” But when the messenger came to him, [Yusuf (Joseph)] said; “Return to your lord and ask him, ‘What happened to the women who cut their hands? Surely, my Lord (Allah) is Well-Aware of their plot.'”51. (The King) said (to the women); “What was your affair when you did seek to seduce Yusuf (Joseph)?” The women said; “Allah forbid! No evil know we against him!” The wife of Al-‘Aziz said; “Now the truth is manifest (to all), it was I who sought to seduce him, and he is surely of the truthful.”52. [Then Yusuf (Joseph) said; “I asked for this enquiry] in order that he (Al-‘Aziz) may know that I betrayed him not in secret. And, verily! Allah guides not the plot of the betrayers.53. “And I free not myself (from the blame). Verily, the (human) self is inclined to evil, except when my Lord bestows His Mercy (upon whom He wills). Verily, my Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”54. And the king said; “Bring him to me that I may attach him to my person.” Then, when he spoke to him, he said; “Verily, this day, you are with us high in rank and fully trusted.”55. [Yusuf (Joseph)] said; “Set me over the storehouses of the land; I will indeed guard them with full knowledge” (as a minister of finance in Egypt, in place of Al-‘Aziz who was dead at that time).56. Thus did We give full authority to Yusuf (Joseph) in the land, to take possession therein, as when or where he likes. We bestow of Our Mercy on whom We please, and We make not to be lost the reward of Al-Muhsinun (the good doers ). (Surah Yusuf; 41-56) All these Qur’anic evidences explain that dreams do have meanings and are related to some reality. It means, Islam does give them value. A very good practicle example of it could be, forbidding of prophet Yaqoob to prophet Joseph about telling the dream to his brothers.  “O my son! Relate not your vision to your brothers lest they arrange a plot against you. Verily! Satan is to man an open enemy.” (Surah Yusuf; 5) The reason was brothers of Yusuf (a.s) were jelous of him. And there was a chance of increase in jealousy, if the dream was told to them.. 43. (And remember) when Allah showed them to you as few in your (i.e. Muhammad’s( ) dream, if He had shown them to you as many, you would surely have been discouraged, and you would surely have disputed in making a decision. But Allah saved (you). Certainly, He is the All-Knower of what is in the breasts.  (Surah Al-Anfal; 43)

What is the reason behind advancing hearing over sight in the Holy Qur’an? Hearing develops before sight in the embryo stage, and it is the first sense that functions in life.  The function of hearing starts immediately with the baby after deliver, in contrary to the eye which does not function the time the baby is brought to life.  In other words, Allah (SWT) the Almighty conveys to us that it is hearing that functions at first.  If a disturbing sound is produced near the newly born baby, he/ she feels terrified and cries.  But if a hand is approached near the same baby, he/ she does not move or sense any sort of danger.  and; “Say; ‘Think you, if Allah took away your hearing and your eyes, and sealed up your hearts, who – a god other than Allah  – could restore them to you?’” (Surah Al-An’am; 46) Ear is preferred over and more superior to the eye, as it does not stop function by sleep.  Since the very beginning of life, the ear functions at the first instance after delivery, while some other organs may wait days, or years to function.  The eye needs light to see.  Rays of light are reflected on things, then enter the eye to see things.  If it is dark, the eye cannot function, but the ear can function day and night. Ear is the link between man and the world.  When Allah (SWT) the Almighty decreed that the Men of the Cave sleep hundred of years, He said; “11. Therefore We covered up their (sense of) hearing (causing them, to go in deep sleep) in the Cave for a number of years.” (Surah Al-Kahf; 11) Hence when ear was out of function, men of the Cave were able to sleep hundred of years without any disturbance.  Noisy daylight movements, contrary to night quietness, prevent man to sleep deeply.  Yet the ears never sleep or lose attention. It is noticed that the word hearing advances the word sight in the whole of Qur’an, except in one verse, which tackles doomsday; “12. And if you only could see when the Mujrimun (criminals, disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, etc.) shall hang their heads before their Lord (saying); “Our Lord! We have now seen and heard, so send us back (to the world), we will do righteous good deeds. Verily! We now believe with certainty.”” (Surah As-Sajda; 12) In this only verse, Allah (SWT) forwards the word “see” over that of  “hear”, as the horrible scenes of Doomsday (the day of judgment) when overwhelming people, will be seen first before heard of.  It is also noticed that the word ear is always referred to in the singular form while the word eyes in the plural form. Allah (SWT) says; “20. Till, when they reach it (Hell-fire), their hearing (ears) and their eyes, and their skins will testify against them as to what they used to do.21. And they will say to their skins, “Why do you testify against us?” They will say; “Allah has caused us to speak, as He causes all things to speak, and He created you the first time, and to Him you are made to return.”22. And you have not been hiding against yourselves, lest your ears, and your eyes, and your skins testify against you, but you thought that Allah knew not much of what you were doing.” (Surah Fussilat; 22), and;  Allah (SWT) the Almighty says; “36. And follow not (O man i.e., say not, or do not or witness not, etc.) that of which you have no knowledge (e.g. one’s saying; “I have seen,” while in fact he has not seen, or “I have heard,” while he has not heard). Verily! The hearing, and the sight, and the heart, of each of those you will be questioned (by Allah)..” (Surah Al-Asraa; 36). 23. Have you seen him who takes his own lust (vain desires) as his ilah (god), and Allah knowing (him as such), left him astray, and sealed his hearing and his heart, and put a cover on his sight. Who then will guide him after Allah? Will you not then remember? (Surah Al-Jathiyah;  23).

What is the reason for the narration of stories mentioned in the Qur’an?There is instruction in their stories for people of intelligence. This is not a narration which has been invented but confirmation of all that came before, a clarification of everything, and a guidance and a mercy for people who believe. (Surah Yusuf,111) Allah states that there is instruction in the stories related in the Qur’an. Events narrated in these stories provide an example for believers in many respects. These stories assume great importance for believers, in terms of enabling them to recognise and not to repeat the mistakes of those who have passed away; to discern how past messengers and believers behaved in particular cases, and to take them as role models; to discern and adopt their virtuous characters; and to evaluate current events by considering past events and their outcomes.

What is the reason of keeping Surah-al-Fatihah in the beginning (first place) of the Qur’an? Allah (SWT) says; “We have given you seven verses that are worthy of recitation over and over again””  (Surah Hajr;  87). It is the Surah revealed completely, it is to be read compulsorily in each raka’at of the Salah (Prayer) and which is taught as a Du’a (Prayer) so it is the door (opening) to the Qur’an..

What is the reasoning of totally forbidding dead meat? It has been proved on a conclusive scientific basis that the body of a dead animal reserves blood with all sediments and toxins, particularly which are in the arterial blood.  Blood could then prevail in the tissues and thus the toxins start to function in all body cells, thus the dead body changes color to darker and the superficial veins are filled with blood, and blood circulation stops with no chance of leaking any amount of blood outside the body.  The dead body becomes a spoilt deposit for diseases and microbes.  The work of decay then starts in the body, affecting the meat in color, taste and smell.  So meat of dead bodies is foul and not good. Allah says; 115. He has forbidden you only Al-Maytatah (meat of a dead animal), blood, the flesh of swine, and any animal which is slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allah (or has been slaughtered for idols etc. or on which Allah’s Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering). But if one is forced by necessity, without willful disobedience, and not transgressing, then, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah An-Nahl; 115)… 3. Forbidden to you (for food) are; Al-Maytatah (the dead animals – cattle-beast not slaughtered), blood, the flesh of swine, and the meat of that which has been slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allah, or has been slaughtered for idols, etc., or on which Allah’s Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering, and that which has been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by the goring of horns – and that which has been (partly) eaten by a wild animal – unless you are able to slaughter it (before its death) – and that which is sacrificed (slaughtered) on An-Nusub (stone altars). (Forbidden) also is to use arrows seeking luck or decision, (all) that is Fisqun (disobedience of Allah and sin). (Surah Al-Maidah; 3) Allah says in the Qur’an; “He has forbidden you only the Maytatah (dead animals), and blood, and the flesh of swine, and that which is slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allah (or has been slaughtered for idols, etc., on which Allah’s Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering). But if one is forced by necessity without willful disobedience nor transgressing due limits, then there is no sin on him. Truly, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 173)  Say (O Muhammad ); “I find not in that which has been inspired to me anything forbidden to be eaten by one who wishes to eat it, unless it be Maytatah (a dead animal) or blood poured forth (by slaughtering or the like), or the flesh of swine (pork, etc.) for that surely is impure, or impious (unlawful) meat (of an animal) which is slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allah (or has been slaughtered for idols, etc., or on which Allah’s Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering). But whosoever is forced by necessity without wilful disobedience, nor transgressing due limits, (for him) certainly, your Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Surah Al-An’am; 145)  It has been scientifically proved that the animal if strangled, i.e., oxygen is not allowed to pass into its lungs, toxic carbon dioxide, as well as poisonous secretions accumulate in its body. Killed by a violent blow, i.e., a cattle beaten to death by a stick or a stone. Killed by a headlong fall, i.e., falling from a height. Killed by being gored to death, i.e., by another cattle. The remnants of cattle partly eaten by a wild animal.  This is prohibited for a great divine reason.  Modern medical science has recently discovered that germs and microbes are transferred to the prey when grabbed by the wild animal’s claws, thus causing diseases to transfer to whoever eats the prey’s meat.  Wild animals in general are infected with a disease that lies in their mouths and saliva, which in turn are transferred to the body of the prey, causing great harm to eaters of such meat..

What is the relationship of the Qur`an with the earlier revelations? In several verses of the Qur’an  Allah (SWT) reminds us that the contents of the revelation are not new information to man. They are the eternal message as given to the earlier Prophets Ibrahim and Musa. 18. Verily! This is in the former Scriptures, 19. The Scriptures of Ibrahim (Abraham) and Musa (Moses).  (Surah al-A’la; 18-19) 42. And mix not truth with falsehood, nor conceal the truth [i.e. Muhammad (PBUH)  Peace be upon him is Allah’s Messenger and his qualities are written in your Scriptures, the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] while you know (the truth). (Surah Al-Baqarah;42) 111. Indeed in their stories, there is a lesson for men of understanding. It (the Qur’an) is not a forged statement but a confirmation of the Allah’s existing Books [the Taurat (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel) and other Scriptures of Allah] and a detailed explanation of everything and a guide and a Mercy for the people who believe. (Surah Yusuf; 111) 133. They say; “Why does he not bring us a sign (proof) from his Lord?” Has there not come to them the proof of that which is (written) in the former papers [Scriptures, i.e. the Taurat (Torah), and the Injeel (Gospel), etc. about the coming of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). (Surah Ta-Ha; 133) 196. And verily, it (the Qur’an, and its revelation to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is (announced) in the Scriptures [i.e. the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] of former people. (Surah Ash-Shu’ara; 196) 7. And We sent not before you (O Muhammad (PBUH) but men to whom We inspired, so ask the people of the Reminder [Scriptures – the Taurat (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel)] if you do not know. (Surah al-Anbiyaa;  7).

What is the religion accepted by Allah (SWT)? And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted of him and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers. (Surah Ale-Imran;  85) Truly, the religion with Allah is Islam. Those who were given the Scripture (Jews and Christians) did not differ except, out of mutual jealousy, after knowledge had come to them. And whoever disbelieves in the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, then surely, Allah is swift in calling to account. (Surah Ale-Imran; 19).

What is the result of attributing one’s own faults to others? 112. And whoever earns a fault or a sin and then throws it on to someone innocent, he has indeed burdened himself with falsehood and a manifest sin.  (Surah an-Nisaa;  112).

What is the ruling concerning praying (supplicating) to the dead or those who are absent? Praying to them is a major Shirk, as Allah (SWT) says; “213. So invoke not with Allah another ilah (god) lest you be among those who receive punishment. (Surah Ash-Shu’ara’; 213) The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  said; “Whoever dies having called upon partners besides Allah (SWT) shall enter Hell-fire? (Bukhari).

What is the ruling in Islam concerning (the practice of) magic/sorcery? The practice of magic/sorcery is considered rejection of faith (Kufr), as Allah (SWT) said; “102. They followed what the Shayatin (devils) gave out (falsely of the magic) in the lifetime of Sulaiman (Solomon). Sulaiman did not disbelieve, but the Shayatin (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic and such things that came down at Babylon to the two angels, Harut and Marut, but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, “We are only for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us).” And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allah (SWT)’s Leave. And they learn that which harms them and profits them not. And indeed they knew that the buyers of it (magic) would have no share in the Hereafter. And how bad indeed was that for which they sold their ownselves, if they but knew.” (Surah Al-Baqara; 102). The Qur’an says; “Say; ‘Call upon other (gods) whom ye fancy, besides Allah. They have no power, – not the weight of an atom, – in the heavens or on earth; No (sort of) share have they therein, nor are any of them a helper to Allah.” (Surah Saba; 22). Those instances wherein the objective is deception, jugglery, sleight of hand and legerdemain and possesses no reality, as we read; “Then lo! Their cords and their rods– it was imaged to him on account of their magic as if they were running.” “(Surah Ta-ha 66 ) Another verse says; “So when they cast, they deceived the people’s eyes and frightened them, and they produced a mighty enchantment.”(Surah al-A’raf;  116) From these verses it can be ascertained that magic does not possess any reality such that it could exert control over things, and leave an impact and influence upon them. Rather, it is jugglery of the magicians that gives the impression of magic..

What is the ruling in Islam concerning applying non-Islamic laws? Abiding the laws which are contrary to Islam and accepting them as superior to Islamic Laws is rejection of Faith. Allah (SWT) says; “… And whosoever does not judge by what Allah  has revealed, such are the Kafirun i.e. disbelievers – of a lesser degree as they do not act on Allah ’s Laws’ (Surah Al-Maidah;  44) The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  said; “When the leaders do not rule by Allah (SWT)`s book Qur’an) and choose from that which Allah (SWT) has rejected, Allah (SWT) will cause conflict among them.’(Ibn Maijah).

What is the ruling pertaining to Divination and the like? Allah (SWT) says; Verily, their evil omens are with Allah but most of them know not. (Surah Al-A’raf; 131) Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported; Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) said; “There is no infection (by itself without the Will of Allah), no Safar, no Hamah.” A desert Arab said; ‘Allah’s Messenger, how is it that when the camel is in the sand it is like a deer, then a camel afflicted with scab mixes with it and it is affected by scab?’ He (the Prophet) said; “Who infected the first one?” (Bukhari and Muslim) Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) says; “Divination is polytheism, divination is polytheism.” (Abu Dawud, At- Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah and Al– Hakim) He (PBUH) says; “Whomsoever is prevented from doing something by Divination, he is a polytheist.” They said; “What is the expiation for this?” He (PBUH) said; “That you may say; O . Allah! There is no good but Yours, no good omen but Yours, and no god but You.” (Imam Ahmed) Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported; “Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) says; There is no transitive disease, no divination, but good omen pleases me, i.e. the good word or the fair word.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

What is the ruling pertaining to him who belies resurrection? The one who belies resurrection is regarded a disbeliever who disbelieves in Allah the Almighty, His Books and Messengers. Allah (SWT) says; “And those who disbelieve say; “When we have become dust -we and our fathers, shall we really be brought forth (again)?”). (Surah An-Naml;  67) Allah (SWT) says; “And if you (0 Muhammad (Peace be upon him» wonder (at these polytheists who deny your message of Islamic Monotheism and have taken besides Allah others for worship who can neither harm nor benefit), then wondrous is their saying; “When we are dust, shall we indeed then be (raised) in a new creation?” They are those who disbelieved in their Lord! They are those who will have iron chains tying their hands to their necks. They will be dwellers of the Fire to abide therein}. (Surah Ar-Ra’d;  5) Allah (SWT) says; “The disbelievers pretend that they will never be resurrected (for the Account). Say (0 Muhammad (PBUH)); Yes! By my Lord, you will certainly be resurrected, then you will be informed of (and recompensed for) what you did; and that is easy for Allah}. (Surah At-Taghabun;  7) Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) says; “Allah the Most Superior said; “The son of Adam slights Me, and he should not slight Me, and he disbelieves in Me, and he ought not to do so. As for his slighting Me, it is that he says that I have a son; and his disbelief in Me is his statement that I shall not recreate him as I have created (him) before.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

What is the ruling pertaining to him who claims that the Qur’an is “Created”? The Glorious Qur’an is the Word of Allah the Almighty; in wording and in meaning. His Word is neither the characters only, nor the meanings only. Both the characters and the meanings constitute His Word. Allah the Almighty Spoke it verbally, sent it down on His Prophet (PBUH) by Revelation, and the true believers had faith in it. It is the Word of the Most Gracious even though it is written by hands, recited by tongues, committed to hearts, heard by ears, and seen by eyes. Indeed, the hands, ink, pens, and papers are all created, while what is written down with them is not. Moreover, tongues and voices are created, while what is recited thereof is not. Bosoms are created, while what is kept therein is not. Ears are created, while what is heard is not. Allah (SWT)  says in His Glorious Qur’an; “That (this) is indeed an honorable recitation (the Noble Qur’an). In a Book well guarded (with Allah in the heaven i.e. AI-Lauh Al- Mahfuz). (Surah Al-Waqi’ah, 77-78) Allah says; Nay, but they, the clear Ayat are preserved in the breasts of those who have been given knowledge (among the People of the Scriptures). And none but the Zalimun (Polytheists .and wrongdoers) deny Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.). (Surah Al-‘ Ankabut, 49) Allah says; “And recite what has been revealed to you (O Muhammad (PBUH)) of the Book (the Qur’an) of . your Lord (i. e. recite it, understand and follow its teachings and act on its orders and preach it to men). None can change His Words}. (Surah Al-Kahf, 27) Allah says; “And if anyone of the Mushrikun (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) seeks your protection then grant him protection so that he may hear the Word of Allah (the Qur’an)}. (Surah At- Taubah, 6) Ibn Mas’ ud (May Allah be pleased with him) said; “Keep looking at (the wording) of the Glorious Qur’an.” Thereupon, whosoever says that the Glorious Qur’an or part thereof is created, he is a disbeliever denouncing Islam entirely. For the Qur’an is the Word of Allah the Almighty; it came first from Him and will turn back to Him and His Word is one of His Attributes. Whosoever says that any of the Attributes of Allah is created, he is a disbeliever and renegade. The ruling pertaining to him is that he is offered repentance. If he returns to Islam, he becomes safe. But, if he refuses, he is to be killed as a disbeliever who has nothing to do with the rulings governing the life and death of Muslims.

What is the ruling pertaining to one who acknowledges them, but neglects them due to laziness or false interpretation? As for Prayer, he who delays it after its proper time due to either or both reasons should be asked to repent to Allah. If he repents, he shouldn’t be punished. But, if he does not repent, he should be killed; this is a prescribed penalty, for Allah says; But if they repent and perform Prayer, and give Zakah, then leave their way free (i.e. don’t punish them). (Surah At-Taubah; 5) Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) says; “I have been commanded to fight against people until they testify that there is no god but Allah, and he who professes it is guaranteed the protection of his property and life on my behalf except for a right warrant, and his affairs rest with Allah “, (Bukhari and Muslim) As for Zakah, if the one who withholds it is not someone influential, the Imam (Muslim ruler) takes it from him by force, and makes an example of him by taking away some of his property. The Prophet (PBUH) says; “And he who withholds it, we will take it along with half of his property as well”, (Compiled by Ahmed, Abu Dawud and AnNasa’i) But, if they were a strong and fierce group, the Imam (Muslim ruler) should fight against them till they pay it, according to the aforementioned Qur’anic verses and Hadiths. Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq and the other companions of the Prophet (PBUH) took a similar action. As for Fasting, nothing has been related pertaining to it. But, the Imam (Muslim ruler) or his vicegerent should discipline defaulter and make an example of him. As for Hajj, it is compulsory throughout one’s lifetime; only death nullifies this obligation. Thus, one should carry it out once he could afford it. Anyone who neglects performing the Pilgrimage will be punished in the hereafter for such neglect; however, there is no prescribed punishment in this world.

What is the ruling pertaining to Practicing Astrology? Allah (SWT) says; It is He Who has set the stars for you, so that you may guide your course with their help through the darkness of the land and the sea}. (Surah Al-An’am,97) . Allah (SWT) says; And indeed We have adorned the nearest heaven with lamps, and We have made such lamps (as) missiles to drive away the Shayatin (devils). (Surah AlMulk, 5) Allah (SWT) says; And the stars are subjected by His Command. (Surah An-Nahl, 13) Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) says; “I only fear for my Ummah (Nation) believing in the stars, denying the Divine Decree, and the aggression of leaders.”  Ibn ‘Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) said regarding those who practice astrology; “I think that whosoever does this, he has no share (of reward) in the Hereafter.”  Abu Qatadah mentioned Allah’s Statement; 5. And indeed We have adorned the nearest heaven with lamps, and We have made such lamps (as) missiles to drive away the Shayatin (devils), and have prepared for them the torment of the blazing Fire. (Surah Al-Mulk; 5) and said; “The creation of these stars is for three purposes, i.e. as decoration of the (nearest) heaven, as missiles to hit the devils, and as signs to guide travelers. So, if anybody tries to find a different interpretation, he is mistaken and just wastes his efforts, and troubles himself with what is beyond his limited knowledge.”

What is the ruling pertaining to prognosticating rain due to rising or setting of stars? Allah (SWT) says; And instead (of thanking Allah) for the provision He gives you, you deny (Him by disbelief)!. (Surah Al-Waqi’ah; 82) Narrated Sufyan (May Allah be pleased with him); ‘Ubaidullah said; “I heard Ibn ‘Abbas saying, “Following are some traits of the people of the pre-Islamic period of ignorance (a) to defame the ancestry of other families; (b) and to wail over the dead.” ‘Ubaidullah forgot the third trait. Sufyan said; “They say it (i.e. the third trait) was to believe that rain was . caused by the influence of stars (i.e. if a special star appears it will rain). ” (Sahih Muslim) It is narrated on the authority of Zaid Ibn Khalid AI-Juhani; The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) led the morning prayer at Hudaibiyah. There were some marks of the rainfall during the night. At the conclusion of prayer he turned towards people and observed; “Do you know what your Lord has said?” They replied; “Allah and His Messenger know best.” Upon this he (the Prophet) remarked; “He (Allah) said; Some of My slaves entered the morning as My believers and some as unbelievers. He who said; We have had a rainfall due to the Blessing and Mercy of Allah, he is My believer and a disbeliever of stars, and who said; We have had a rainfall due to the rising affirmed his faith in the stars.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

What is the ruling pertaining to Soothsayers? Soothsayers are considered from among the Taghuts28 who are helpers of the devils who inspire them as mentioned by Allah the Almighty; And certainly, the Shayatin (devils) do inspire their friends (from mankind) to dispute with you, and if you obey them (by making AI-Maitah (a dead animal) legal by eating it, then you would indeed be Mushrikun (polytheists); [because they (devils and their friends) made lawful to you to eat that which Allah has made unlawful to eat and you obeyed them by considering it lawful to eat, and by doing so you worshipped them; and to worship others besides Allah is polytheism]. (Surah Al-An-‘am; 121) They descend upon them, disclosing what they may hear and they add to it one-hundred lies of their own. Allah (SWT) says; “Shall I inform you (O people!) upon whom the Shayatin (devils) descend? They descend on every lying, sinful person. Who gives ear (to the devils and they pour what they may have heard of the Unseen from the angels), and most of them are liars}. (Surah Ash Shu’ra’;  221-223) Narrated `A’ishah (May Allah be pleased with her); Some people asked the Prophet (PBUH) regarding the soothsayers. He said; “They are nothing.” They said; “O Allah’s Messenger! Some of their talks come true. “The Prophet (PBUH) said; “That word which happens to be true is what a Jinn snatches away by stealth (from the Heaven) and pours it in the ears of his friend (the foreteller) with a sound like the cackling of a hen. The soothsayers then mix with that word, one hundred lies.”(Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah)  (Sahih Bukhari)

What is the ruling pertaining to Sorcery and Sorcerers? Sorcery is real and it has an impact in case it coincides with the Universal Divine Decree, as explained by Allah the Almighty;  …Neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said; “We are only for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us).” And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allah’s Leave. And they learn that which harms them and profits them not. And indeed they knew that the buyers of it (magic) would have no share in the Hereafter. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 102) In addition, its effect is affirmed in the Prophetic Hadiths. As for the sorcerer, he is a disbeliever in Allah the Almighty and in what has been revealed to Muhammad (PBUH).

What is the ruling pertaining to the Evil Eye? Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) says; “The effect of an evil eye is a fact.” (Bukhari and Muslim) Narrated Umm. Salamah (May Allah be pleased with her); That the Prophet (PBUH) saw in her house a girl whose face had a black spot. He said. “She is under the effect of an evil eye, so treat her with a Ruqyah.” (Bukhari and Muslim) Narrated `A’ishah (May Allah be pleased with her); The Prophet (PBUH) ordered me or somebody else to do Ruqyah (if there was danger) from an evil eye.” (Bukhari and Muslim) He (PBUH) says; “No Ruqyah is allowed but for an evil eye or fever.” (Imam Ahmed) Other narrations that go in the same vein can be found among the authentic Hadiths. But, we should know that the evil eye can not be effective unless Allah the Almighty wills. With this, the following verse was interpreted by many of our earlier scholars; And verily, those who disbelieve would almost make you slip with their eyes (through hatred) when they hear the Reminder (the Qur’an). (Surah Al-Qalam; 51)

What is the ruling pertaining to whosoever believes a Soothsayer? Allah (SWT) says; Say; “None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghaib (Unseen) except Allah. (Surah An-Naml;  65).  Allah (SWT) says; And with Him are the keys of the Ghaib (all that is hidden), none knows them but He.(Surah Al-An’am;  59) Allah (SWT) says; Or that the Ghaib (Unseen) is with them, and they write it down?}. (Surah At-Tur; 41) Allah (SWT) says; “Is with him the knowledge of the Unseen so that he sees?. (Surah AnNajm; 35).  Allah (SWT) says; Allah knows but you do not know. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 216, 232) and It is Allah Who knows, and you know not. (Surah Ale-‘Imran; 66) Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) says; “Whosoever came to a soothsayer or a priest and believed him (i.e. what he says), he certainly disbelievedin what was revealed to Muhammad (PBUH).” (Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi) He (PBUH) says; “Whosoever came to a soothsayer and asked him about something and believed him, the prayers he performs for forty days would not be accepted.” (Sahih Muslim)