Divine Verses 4

Most noble of you is the most righteous→O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honourable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa [i.e. one of the Muttaqun (pious). Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware. (Surah Al-Hujuraat; 13)

Most Responsible Community →  It is the noble duty of Muslims to see to it that no people oppress others. 143. Thus We have made you [true Muslims – real believers of Islamic Monotheism, true followers of Prophet Muhammad  and his sunnah (legal ways)], a Wasat (just) (and the best) nation, that you be witnesses over mankind and the Messenger (Muhammad ) be a witness over you. And We made the Qiblah (prayer direction towards Jerusalem) which you used to face, only to test those who followed the Messenger (Muhammad ) from those who would turn on their heels (i.e. disobey the Messenger). Indeed it was great (heavy) except for those whom Allah guided. And Allah would never make your faith (prayers) to be lost (i.e. your prayers offered towards Jerusalem). Truly, Allah is full of kindness, the Most Merciful towards mankind. (Surah Al-Baqarah:143) 71. The believers, men and women, are Auliya’ (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another, they enjoin (on the people) Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); they perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give the Zakat, and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah will have His Mercy on them. Surely Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise. (Surah. At-Taubah:71) 78. And strive hard in Allah’s Cause as you ought to strive (with sincerity and with all your efforts that His Name should be superior). He has chosen you (to convey His Message of Islamic Monotheism to mankind by inviting them to His religion, Islam), and has not laid upon you in religion any hardship, it is the religion of your father Ibrahim (Abraham) (Islamic Monotheism). It is He (Allah) Who has named you Muslims both before and in this (the Qur’an), that the Messenger (Muhammad ) may be a witness over you and you be witnesses over mankind! So perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), give Zakat and hold fast to Allah [i.e. have confidence in Allah, and depend upon Him in all your affairs] He is your Maula (Patron, Lord, etc.), what an Excellent Maula (Patron, Lord, etc.) and what an Excellent Helper!  (Surah Al-Hajj;78) snv

Mutual relations of the sexes in Islam? It is made lawful for you to have sexual relations with your wives on the night of As-Saum (the fasts). They are Libas for you and you are the same for them. Allah knows that you used to deceive yourselves, so He turned to you (accepted your repentance) and forgave you. So now have sexual relations with them and seek that which Allah has ordained for you (offspring), and eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of night), then complete your Saum (fast) till the nightfall. And do not have sexual relations with them (your wives) while you are in I’tikaf (i.e. confining oneself in a mosque for prayers and invocations leaving the worldly activities) in the mosques. These are the limits (set) by Allah, so approach them not. Thus does Allah make clear His Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, revelations, verses, laws, legal and illegal things, Allah’s set limits, orders, etc.) to mankind that they may become Al-Muttaqun (the pious). (Surah Al-Baqarah; 187) It is He Who has created you from a single person (Adam), and (then) He has created from him his wife [Hawwa (Eve)], in order that he might enjoy the pleasure of living with her. When he had sexual relation with her, she became pregnant and she carried it about lightly. Then when it became heavy, they both invoked Allah, their Lord (saying): “If You give us a Salih (good in every aspect) child, we shall indeed be among the grateful.” (Surah al-Araf; 189).

Name five types of women a man is not allowed to marry→ Forbidden to you (for marriage) are; your mothers, your daughters, your sisters, your father’s sisters, your mother’s sisters, your brother’s daughters, your sister’s daughters, your foster mother who gave you suck, your foster milk suckling sisters, your wives’ mothers, your step daughters under your guardianship, born of your wives to whom you have gone in – but there is no sin on you if you have not gone in them (to marry their daughters), – the wives of your sons who (spring) from your own loins, and two sisters in wedlock at the same time, except for what has already passed; verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.(Surah an-Nisaa; 23).

Name four places where can we find the Signs Allah (SWT) Has Given for the believers? Verily, in the heavens and the earth are signs for the believers. And in your creation, and what He scattered (through the earth) of moving (living) creatures are signs for people who have Faith with certainty.And in the alternation of night and day, and the provision (rain) that Allah sends down from the sky, and revives therewith the earth after its death, and in the turning about of the winds (i.e. sometimes towards the east or north, and sometimes towards the south or west etc., sometimes bringing glad tidings of rain etc., and sometimes bringing the torment), are signs for a people who understand.These are the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, revelations, etc.) of Allah, which We recite to you (O Muhammad (PBUH) with truth. Then in which speech after Allah and His Ayat will they believe? (Surah Al-Jathiyah; 3-5).

Name one of the sins that the people of Prophet Shu’aib (AS) used to commit→ “Give full measure, and cause no loss (to others).182. “And weigh with the true and straight balance. “And defraud not people by reducing their things, nor do evil, making corruption and mischief in the land. (Surah Ash-Shu’ara; 181-183).

Name the characteristics of the people that Allah (SWT) Commanded us to fight until they pay the Jizyah as mentioned in the Holy Qur’an →Fight against those who (1) believe not in Allah (SWT), (2) nor in the Last Day, (3) nor forbid that which has been forbidden by Allah (SWT) and His Messenger (4) and those who acknowledge not the religion of truth (i.e. Islam) among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), until they pay the Jizyah with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued. (Surah Al-Bara’at/Surah At-Taubah; 29).

Name the eight peoples who denied Allah (SWT) and His Signs, before the people of Makkah? Denied before them (i.e. these pagans of Makkah who denied you, O Muhammad (PBUH) the people of Nuh (Nuh), and the dwellers of Rass, and the Thamud, And ‘Ad, and Fir’aun (Pharaoh), and the brethren of Lout (Lot), And the dwellers of the Wood, and the people of Tubba’; everyone of them denied (their) Messengers, so My Threat took effect. (Surah Qaf; 12-14).

Name the four  types of food we have been forbidden to eat→ He has forbidden you only Al-Maytatah (meat of a dead animal), blood, the flesh of swine, and any animal which is slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allah (or has been slaughtered for idols etc. or on which Allah’s Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering). But if one is forced by necessity, without wilful disobedience, and not transgressing, then, Allah  is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.  (Surah an-Nahl; 115).

Name the four of the characteristics of the successful believers as mentioned in the Holy Qur’an → Successful indeed are the believers. Those who offer their Salat (prayers) with all solemnity and full submissiveness. And those who turn away from Al-Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk, falsehood, and all that Allah has forbidden). And those who pay the Zakat. And those who guard their chastity (i.e. private parts, from illegal sexual acts) (Surah Al-Mu’minum; 1–5).

Name the four types of food we have been forbidden to eat→ He has forbidden you only Al-Maytatah (meat of a dead animal), blood, the flesh of swine, and any animal which is slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allah (SWT) (or has been slaughtered for idols etc. or on which Allah (SWT)’s Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering). But if one is forced by necessity, without wilful disobedience, and not transgressing, then, Allah (SWT) is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.  (Surah an-Nahl; 115).

Name the Rewards of those on the Right Hand as mentioned in the Holy Qur’an →  And those on the Right Hand, – Who will be those on the Right Hand? (They will be) among thornless lotetrees, Among Talh (banana-trees) with fruits piled one above another,In shade long-extended, By water flowing constantly, And fruit in plenty, Whose season is not limited, and their supply will not be cut off, And on couches or thrones, raised high. Verily, We have created them (maidens) of special creation. And made them virgins. Loving (their husbands only), equal in age. For those on the Right Hand. (Surah Al-Waqi’a;  27-38).

Name the rewards that are given to the believers as mentioned in the Holy Qur’an → Truly, Allah will admit those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah (Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, to Gardens underneath which rivers flow (in Paradise), wherein they will be adorned with bracelets of gold and pearls and their garments therein will be of silk. (Surah Al-Hajj; 23) Fruits; and they shall be honoured,In the Gardens of delight (Paradise), Facing one another on thrones, Round them will be passed a cup of pure wine; White, delicious to the drinkers, Neither they will have Ghoul (any kind of hurt, abdominal pain, headache, a sin, etc.) from that, nor will they suffer intoxication therefrom. And with them will be chaste females, restraining their glances (desiring none except their husbands), with wide and beautiful eyes. (Delicate and pure) as if they were (hidden) eggs (well) preserved. (Surah As-Saffat;  42–49).

Name the seven major sins as mentioned in the Holy Qur’an → If you avoid the great sins which you are forbidden to do, We shall remit from you your (small) sins, and admit you to a Noble Entrance (i.e. Paradise) (Surah an-Nisa;  31)  . The great sins which are;  a) Shirk, b) sorcery/magic, c) killing except in a just cause, d) to eat riba, e) to eat up property of orphans, f) to flee from the battlefield, g) to accuse chaste women –

Name the things of which Knowledge is with Allah (SWT) Alone → Verily, Allah With Him (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour, He sends down the rain, and knows that which is in the wombs. No person knows what he will earn tomorrow, and no person knows in what land he will die. Verily, Allah is All-Knower, All-Aware (of things).(Surah Luqman;34).

Name the three of the things the believing women must do as mentioned in the Holy Qur’an → And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts, etc.) and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent (like palms of hands or one eye or both eyes for necessity to see the way, or outer dress like veil, gloves, head-cover, apron, etc.), and to draw their veils all over Juyubihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms, etc.) and not to reveal their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husband’s fathers, their sons, their husband’s sons, their brothers or their brother’s sons, or their sister’s sons, or their (Muslim) women (i.e. their sisters in Islam), or the (female) slaves whom their right hands possess, or old male servants who lack vigour, or small children who have no sense of the shame of sex. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. And all of you beg Allah  to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful. (Surah an-Nur; 31).

Name the three punishments given to the disbelievers as mentioned in the Holy Qur’an → These two opponents (believers and disbelievers) dispute with each other about their Lord; then as for those who disbelieve, garments of fire will be cut out for them, boiling water will be poured down over their heads. With it will melt or vanish away what is within their bellies, as well as (their) skins.. And for them are hooked rods of iron (to punish them) (Surah Al-Hajj;19–21).

Name the two miracles granted to Isa (AS) as mentioned in the Holy Qur’an→And will make him [‘Isa (Jesus)] a Messenger to the Children of Israel (saying); “I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, that I design for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allah (SWT)’s Leave; and I heal him who was born blind, and the leper, and I bring the dead to life by Allah (SWT)’s Leave. And I inform you of what you eat, and what you store in your houses. Surely, therein is a sign for you, if you believe. (Surah Ale-Imran; 49).

Name the two of the reasons why the Qur’an was sent down, as mentioned in the Holy Qur’an→ And We have not sent down the Book (the Qur’an) to you (O Muhammad (PBUH), except that you may explain clearly unto them those things in which they differ, and (as) a guidance and a mercy for a folk who believe.(Surah an-Nahl;64).

Name the two of the things that Prophet Ibrahim (AS) asked from Allah (SWT) → My Lord! Bestow Hukman (religious knowledge, right judgement of the affairs and Prophethood) on me, and join me with the righteous; And grant me an honourable mention in later generations; And make me one of the inheritors of the Paradise of Delight; And forgive my father, verily he is of the erring; And disgrace me not on the Day when (all the creatures) will be resurrected; (Surah Ash-Shu’ara; 83-87).

Name the two ways in which Shaytaan fools the people as mentioned in the Holy Qur’an→ “And Istafziz [literally means; befool them gradually] those whom you can among them with your voice (i.e. songs, music, and any other call for Allah’s disobedience), make assaults on them with your cavalry and your infantry, mutually share with them wealth and children (by tempting them to earn money by illegal ways usury, etc., or by committing illegal sexual intercourse, etc.), and make promises to them.” But Satan promises them nothing but deceit. (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel; 64)… 6. And of mankind is he who purchases idle talks (i.e.music, singing, games etc.) to mislead (men) from the Path of Allah without knowledge, and takes it (the Path of Allah, the Verses of the Qur’an) by way of mockery. For such there will be a humiliating torment (in the Hell-fire). (Surah Luqman;6).

Nationalism: Arnold Toynbee in his celebrated 1952 work, “The World and the West”, called nationalism a form of idol worship. In his writings and lectures he repeatedly urged the world leadership to break this idol. After all, who is unaware of the devastation caused to our planet by the World Wars I and II? Nationalism was the obvious root cause of this massive trauma to humanity. Years before Toynbee, Sir Muhammad Iqbal, on the authority of the Quran, called nationalism “the modern idol that mankind has sculpted”. Fourteen hundred years ago, the Quran had ordained all mankind to be one nation. 213. Mankind were one community and Allah sent Prophets with glad tidings and warnings, and with them He sent the Scripture in truth to judge between people in matters wherein they differed. And only those to whom (the Scripture) was given differed concerning it after clear proofs had come unto them through hatred, one to another. Then Allah by His Leave guided those who believed to the truth of that wherein they differed. And Allah guides whom He wills to a Straight Path.(2:213)  19. Mankind were but one community (i.e. on one religion – Islamic Monotheism), then they differed (later), and had not it been for a Word that went forth before from your Lord, it would have been settled between them regarding what they differed . (Surah Yunus Jonah 10) and many more verses)That announcement left no room for manmade geographical boundaries.

Neutron Bombs and Warplanes → One example comes from the time just prior to the birth of the Prophet, when the Abyssinian leader Abrāhah came to destroy the Ka`aba with a tremendous army accompanied by elephants. Confronted by such a huge and well-equipped army, what was `Abdul Muttalib, the Shaykh of the Quraysh able to do? He spoke to Abrāhah at a parley saying, “Does not the House have a Lord who will protect it?”He asked only that Abrāhah return the camels that he had confiscated, for Abdul Muttalib had full faith that the Owner of the House was fully capable to defend it. And so it came to pass, as Allah said in Surah Al-Feel (The Elephant). 1. Have you (O Muhammad ()) not seen how your Lord dealt with the Owners of the Elephant? [The elephant army which came from Yemen under the command of Abrahah Al-Ashram intending to destroy the Ka’bah at Makkah].2. Did He not make their plot go astray?3. And sent against them birds, in flocks,4. Striking them with stones of Sijjil.5. And made them like an empty field of stalks (Surah Al-Feel (The Elephant). Allah took care of that evil army and its leader and made their plans come to nought. It is written in Durr al-manthūr, the tafsīr of Imām Suyūtī, that these were “pebbles spinning at extremely high speed and red hot, and written on each pebble was the name of the person to be struck by it, and his father’s name.” As they flew through the air they left a glowing red trail in the darkness. If we look at this event in the light of today’s scientific understanding it is easy to understand that what was sent on Abrāhah’s army were guided missiles, trailing red light like today’s tracers. Imām Suyūtī quoting the Sahaba, described them as banādir. This word is used today for rifles – did they know about rifles at that time?We sent against them birds. Those were creatures that they never expected and we never saw creatures like those. Allah sent a normal creation, birds, but in a manner and with capabilities which made them what could be described in modern parlance as armed forces. Today they send airplanes. Allah’s “warplanes” were these birds – and they were far more effective than the airplanes of today. What were they carrying? The Qur’ānic explanations describe hijāratin min sijjīl as pebbles – fiery pebbles. In fact “pebbles” does not convey the meaning of the term. If a pebble hits you it kills you. But Allah said,and caused them to become like a field of grain that has been eaten down to stubble.  It no longer means simply pebbles. It is something that explodes inside them destroying them but not destroying the House of Allah. Today they invented something that is similar to what is described in this sūrah – something which destroys without harming the physical surroundings. That is the neutron bomb. Allah eliminated the army sent to destroy the sacred House with an army of “warplanes” carrying guided missiles, each one tipped with something like a neutron bomb. With this tremendous weaponry Allah swt came against that army like a violent storm (al-¿asifa).The result was they became like crops after the cattle have passed over them – like something eaten. This storm of divine weaponry ate them – they disintegrated leaving nothing remaining.

Never give up hope of Allah (SWT)’s Mercy → “O my sons! Go you and enquire about Yusuf (Joseph) and his brother, and never give up hope of Allah’s Mercy. Certainly no one despairs of Allah (SWT)’s Mercy, except the people who disbelieve.” (SurahYusuf;87).

No burdened person (with sins) shall bear the burden (sins) of another → 85. Whosoever intercedes for a good cause will have the reward thereof, and whosoever intercedes for an evil cause will have a share in its burden. And Allah is Ever All-Able to do (and also an All-Witness to) everything. (Surah An-Nisaa’ 85) 152. ” We burden not any person, but that which he can bear.  (Surah Al-An’am; 152)   164. Say; “Shall I seek a lord other than Allah, while He is the Lord of all things? No person earns any (sin) except against himself (only), and no bearer of burdens shall bear the burden of another. Then unto your Lord is your return, so He will tell you that wherein you have been differing.” (Surah Al-An’am; 164)    25. They will bear their own burdens in full on the Day of Resurrection, and also of the burdens of those whom they misled without knowledge. Evil indeed is that which they shall bear! Surah An-Nahl; 25)  15. Whoever goes right, then he goes right only for the benefit of his ownself. And whoever goes astray, then he goes astray to his own loss. No one laden with burdens can bear another’s burden. And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger (to give warning). (Surah Al-Isra;15 )  18. And no bearer of burdens shall bear another’s burden, and if one heavily laden calls another to (bear) his load, nothing of it will be lifted even though he be near of kin. You (O Muhammad ) can warn only those who fear their Lord unseen, and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat). And he who purifies himself (from all kinds of sins), then he purifies only for the benefit of his ownself. And to Allah is the (final) Return (of all). (Surah Al-Fatir; 18 ) 38. That no burdened person (with sins) shall bear the burden (sins) of another. Surah An-Najm ; 38)  35. On the Day when that (Al-Kanz; money, gold and silver, etc., the Zakat of which has not been paid) will be heated in the Fire of Hell and with it will be branded their foreheads, their flanks, and their backs, (and it will be said unto them);-“This is the treasure which you hoarded for yourselves. Now taste of what you used to hoard.” (Surah At-Taubah;35)

No Monasticism in religion →Then, We sent after them, Our Messengers, and We sent ‘Iesa (Jesus) – son of Maryam (Mary), and gave him the Injeel (Gospel). And We ordained in the hearts of those who followed him, compassion and mercy. But the Monasticism which they invented for themselves, We did not prescribe for them, but (they sought it) only to please Allah therewith, but that they did not observe it with the right observance. So We gave those among them who believed, their (due) reward, but many of them are Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah. (Surah al-Hadid;  27).

No one will bear others’ sins → Whoever goes right, then he goes right only for the benefit of his ownself. And whoever goes astray, then he goes astray to his own loss. No one laden with burdens can bear another’s burden. And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger (to give warning). (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel;15).

No Superstitions Are you not aware of those who, after receiving their share of the Book (Quran), believe in ‘JIBT’ (occult sciences, baseless mysteries, magic, future-telling, astrology, zodiacs, clairvoyance, evil eye, good and bad omens, amulets, dreams and prophecies, palm-reading, soothsaying, superstitions of all kind, jinn or demon-possession of people, exorcism, blowing verses and senseless words on people or in food and drink, counting names on rosaries) and Taghut and say to the disbelievers that they are better guided as regards the way than the believers (Muslims). (Surah An-Nisaa’:51)

Nothing like Qur’an can be written or produced →In the Qur’an, Allah has challenged mankind and the jinn to produce something like it, even one surah or one aayah (verse), but they could not do that and will never be able to do that, as Allah says; Say; “If the mankind and the jinns were together to produce the like of this Qur’an, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they helped one another.” (Surah Al-Isra; 88) Or do they say; “He (Muhammad ) has forged it (this Qur’an)?” Nay! They believe not!;  Let them then produce a recital like unto it (the Qur’an) if they are truthful. (Surah At-Tur 33-34)13. Or they say, “He (Prophet Muhammad) forged it (the Qur’an).” Say; “Bring you then ten forged Surah (chapters) like unto it, and call whomsoever you can, other than Allah (to your help), if you speak the truth!” (Surah Hud 13) And if you (Arab pagans, Jews, and Christians) are in doubt concerning that which We have sent down (i.e. the Qur’an) to Our slave (Muhammad Peace be upon him ), then produce a Surah (chapter) of the like thereof and call your witnesses (supporters and helpers) besides Allah, if you are truthful. (Surah Al-Baqarah;  23).

On pollution and the wasting of natural resources→ “Rottenness (decay/corruption) has appeared on land and sea because of what the hands of men have earned, that (Allah) may give them a taste of some of their deeds, in order that they may turn back (from evil)” (Surah Ar-Room;41) The importance of understanding the ecological consequences of our actions as individuals or as a society was not fully appreciated until this century. We now understand that we cannot alter the face of the earth indiscriminately without paying some penalty, which may be disastrous. We also understand that caution ought to be applied globally, not just locally but truly “on land and sea”. Ecological awareness does not imply asceticism however. According to the Quran, we are not forbidden to take pleasure in this life, however we are forbidden from wasting resources needlessly.

On the occasion of the wedding feast of the Mother of Believers Zainab bint Jaish (RA) a verse of Qur’an was revealed, describe it briefly? ‘ O you who believe! Do not enter the Prophet’s houses, unless you have been invited for a meal, not staying in wait for the meal time, but if you are invited, then enter, and when you have had the meal leave promptly, not lingering to engage in familiar talk, for such behavior is an annoyance to the Prophet, and he is shy of saying anything to you, but God does not hold back Hom the Truth. And when you ask his wives for some thing, ask them from behind a curtain, that is more pure foryour hearts and their hearts, And it is not for you to annoy the Messenger of God,nor is it permissible for you to marry his wives after him ever, surely this, in thesight of God, is a grievous thing. (Surah Al-Ahzab; 53).

On whom is Hajj incombent? In it are manifest signs (for example), the Maqam (place) of Ibrahim (AS) (Abraham); whosoever enters it, he attains security. And Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) to the House (Ka’bah) is a duty that mankind owes to Allah (SWT), those who can afford the expenses (for one’s conveyance, provision and residence); and whoever disbelieves [i.e. denies Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah), then he is a disbeliever of Allah (SWT)], then Allah (SWT) stands not in need of any of the ‘Alamin(mankind and jinns). (Surah Ale-Imran; 97).

Order righteousness to people only after practicing it yourself → Enjoin you Al-Birr (piety and righteousness and each and every act of obedience to Allah  on the people and you forget (to practise it) yourselves, while you recite the Scripture [the Taurat (Torah)]! Have you then no sense? (Surah Al-Baqarah;44).

Partition of Sea for Israelites. →  50. And (remember) when We separated the sea for you and saved you and drowned Fir’aun’s (Pharaoh) people while you were looking (at them, when the sea-water covered them). (Surah Al Baqarah;50) 90. And We took the Children of Israel across the sea, and Fir’aun (Pharaoh) with his hosts followed them in oppression and enmity, till when drowning overtook him, he said: “I believe that La ilaha illa (Huwa): (none has the right to be worshipped but) He,” in Whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am one of the Muslims (those who submit to Allah’s Will).” (Surah Yunus ;90) (see Exodus 14:5-31 – New International Version (NIV). snv

Partnering in good deeds → “Whosoever intercedes for a good cause will have the reward thereof, and whosoever intercedes for an evil cause will have a share in its burden. And Allah (SWT) is Ever All-Able to do (and also an All-Witness to) everything..” (Surah an-Nisaa; 85).

Patching The Ozone → The sky plays a crucial role in protecting the earth. The sky protects the earth from the lethal rays of the sun. If the sky did not exist then the sun’s radiation would have killed off all life on earth. It also acts like a blanket wrapped around the earth, to protect it from the freezing cold of space. The temperature just above the sky is approximately -270oC. If this temperature was to reach earth then the planet would freeze over instantly. The sky also protects life on earth by warming the surface through heat retention (greenhouse effect), and reducing temperature extremes between day and night. These are some of the many protective functions of the sky. The Qur’an asks us to consider the sky in the following verse;“We made the sky a protective ceiling. And yet they are turning away from Our signs!” (Qur’an 21;32) The Qur’an points to the sky’s protection as a sign of God. The protective properties of the sky were discovered by scientific research conducted in the 20th century.  The ozone “hole” over the Antarctica is a phenomenon whereby the stratosphere is thinned out (it’s not really a hole). It’s caused by refrigerants; CFC’s, halons and freons. These have been banned since the 1970s but we still lose a few percentile of ozone each year, and the increased thinning means the earth is losing its protective layer.  Islam’s 1430  year-old book mentions the atmosphere in embracing language; It is Allah who made for you the earth a place of settlement and the sky a ceiling and formed you and perfected your forms and provided you with good things. That is Allah, your Lord; then blessed is Allah , Lord of the worlds.” (Qur’an, 40;64) SNV

Patience→ “Allah loves those who are patient.” (Surah Ale-Imran; 145)”Give good news to the patient, who, when a misfortune befalls them, say; We are Allah’s and to Him do we return.” (Surah Al-Baqara;  155-156)

Payment of full mahr (dowry)? And give to the women (whom you marry) their Mahr (obligatory bridal money given by the husband to his wife at the time of marriage) with a good heart, but if they, of their own good pleasure, remit any part of it to you, take it, and enjoy it without fear of any harm (as Allah (SWT) has made it lawful).  (Surah an-Nisaa; 4).

Penance for breaking an oath? Had it been a near gain (in front of them) and an easy journey, they would have followed you, but the distance (Tabuk expedition) was long for them, and they would swear by Allah, “If we only could, we would certainly have come forth with you.” They destroy their ownselves, and Allah (SWT) knows that they are liars. (Surah Al-Bara’at/Surah At-Taubah; 42)  Allah will not punish you for what is unintentional in your oaths, but He will punish you for your deliberate oaths; for its expiation (a deliberate oath) feed ten Masakin (poor persons), on a scale of the average of that with which you feed your own families; or clothe them; or manumit a slave. But whosoever cannot afford (that), then he should fast for three days. That is the expiation for the oaths when you have sworn . And protect your oaths (i.e. do not swear much) . Thus Allah (SWT) make clear to you His Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) that you may be grateful. (Surah al-Maidah; 89).

Pharaoh’s Wife And Mary  → And Allah has set forth an example for those who believe, the wife of Fir’aun (Pharaoh), when she said; “My Lord! Build for me a home with You in Paradise, and save me from Fir’aun (Pharaoh) and his work, and save me from the people who are Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers and disbelievers in Allah. And Maryam (Mary), the daughter of ‘Imran who guarded her chastity; and We breathed into (the sleeve of her shirt or her garment) through Our Ruh i.e. Jibrael (Gabriel)], and she testified to the truth of the Words of her Lord [i.e. believed in the Words of Allah (SWT); “Be!” and he was; that is ‘Isa (Jesus) – son of Maryam (Mary); as a Messenger of Allah (SWT)], and (also believed in) His Scriptures, and she was of the Qanitin (i.e. obedient to Allah (SWT). (Surah At-Tahrim; 11-12)

Plants in the Qur’an→ “…And you see the earth barren, but when We send down water (rain) on it, it is stirred (to life), it swells and puts forth every lovely kind of growth.”  (Surah Al-Hajj;  5) “ He has created the heavens without any pillars, that you see and has set on the earth firm mountains, lest it should shake with you. And He has scattered therein animals of all kinds. And We send down water (rain) from the sky, and We cause (plants) of every goodly kind to grow therein. (Surah Al-Luqman; 10) “Verily! It is Allah Who causes the seed-green and the fruit-stone (like date-stone, etc) to split and sprout. He brings  forth the living from the dead, and it is He who brings forth the dead from the living. Such is Allah, then how are you deluded away from the truth?” (Surah Al-Anam; 95)

Practice what you preach→ “Do you order righteousness of the people and forget yourselves while you recite the Scripture? Then will you not reason?” –  (Surah Al-Baqara; 44)

Prayer & devotion → 55. Invoke your Lord with humility and in secret. He likes not the aggressors.56. And do not do mischief on the earth, after it has been set in order, and invoke Him with fear and hope; Surely, Allah’s Mercy is (ever) near unto the good-doers. Surah Al-A’raf;55-56)  Perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) from mid-day till the darkness of the night (i.e. the Zuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib, and ‘Isha’ prayers), and recite the Qur’an in the early dawn (i.e. the morning prayer). Verily, the recitation of the Qur’an in the early dawn is ever witnessed (attended by the angels in charge of mankind of the day and the night). . Surah Al-Asraa78) 28. Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism), and whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allah, Verily, in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest .29. Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism), and work righteousness, Tuba (it means all kinds of happiness or name of a tree in Paradise) is for them and a beautiful place of (final) return. Surah Ar-Ra’d; 28-29) 98. So glorify the praises of your Lord and be of those who prostrate themselves (to Him).99. And worship your Lord until there comes unto you the certainty (i.e. death). Surah Al-Hijr98-99) 130. So bear patiently (O Muhammad ) what they say, and glorify the praises of your Lord before the rising of the sun, and before its setting, and during some of the hours of the night, and at the sides of the day (an indication for the five compulsory congregational prayers), that you may become pleased with the reward which Allah shall give you.131. And strain not your eyes in longing for the things We have given for enjoyment to various groups of them (polytheists and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah), the splendour of the life of this world that We may test them thereby. But the provision (good reward in the Hereafter) of your Lord is better and more lasting.132. And enjoin As-Salat (the prayer) on your family, and be patient in offering them [i.e. the Salat (prayers)]. We ask not of you a provision (i.e. to give Us something; money, etc.); We provide for you. And the good end (i.e. Paradise) is for the Muttaqun. .Surah Ta-ha130-32)45. Recite (O Muhammad ) what has been revealed to you of the Book (the Qur’an), and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat). Verily, As-Salat (the prayer) prevents from Al-Fahsha’ (i.e. great sins of every kind, unlawful sexual intercourse, etc.) and Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism, and every kind of evil wicked deed, etc.) and the remembering (praising, etc.) of (you by) Allah (in front of the angels) is greater indeed [than your remembering (praising, etc.) Allah in prayers, etc.]. And Allah knows what you do. Surah Al-Ankabut 45) 45. And seek help in patience and As-Salat (the prayer) and truly it is extremely heavy and hard except for Al-Khashi’un [i.e. the true believers in Allah – those who obey Allah with full submission, fear much from His Punishment, and believe in His Promise (Paradise, etc.) and in His Warnings (Hell, etc.)]. Surah Al-Baqarah;45) 12. And indeed We bestowed upon Luqman Al-Hikmah (wisdom and religious understanding, etc.) saying; “Give thanks to Allah,” and whoever gives thanks, he gives thanks for (the good of) his ownself. And whoever is unthankful, then verily, Allah is All-Rich (Free of all wants), Worthy of all praise. Surah Luqman;12) 41. O you who believe! Remember Allah with much remembrance. 42. And glorify His Praises morning and afternoon [the early morning (Fajr) and ‘Asr prayers]. 43. He it is Who sends Salat (His blessings) on you, and His angels too (ask Allah to bless and forgive you), that He may bring you out from darkness (of disbelief and polytheism) into light (of Belief and Islamic Monotheism). And He is Ever Most Merciful to the believers.44. Their greeting on the Day they shall meet Him will be “Salam; Peace (i.e. the angels will say to them; Salamu ‘Alaikum)!” And He has prepared for them a generous reward (i.e. Paradise).Surah Al-Ahzab;41-44) 48. So wait patiently (O Muhammad ) for the Decision of your Lord, for verily, you are under Our Eyes , and glorify the Praises of your Lord when you get up from sleep.49. And in the night-time, also glorify His Praises, and at the setting of the stars.Surah At-Tur; 48-49) 13. And (remember) when Luqman said to his son when he was advising him; “O my son! Join not in worship others with Allah. Verily! Joining others in worship with Allah is a great Zulm (wrong) indeed. 17. “O my son! Aqim-is-Salat (perform As-Salat), enjoin (people) for Al-Ma’ruf (Islamic Monotheism and all that is good), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar(i.e. disbelief in the Oneness of Allah, polytheism of all kinds and all that is evil and bad), and bear with patience whatever befall you. Verily! These are some of the important commandments ordered by Allah with no exemption.18. “And turn not your face away from men with pride, nor walk in insolence through the earth. Verily, Allah likes not each arrogant boaster.Surah Luqman; ;13,17-18

Priesthood:  At the dawn of Islam, priesthood was the worst oppressor of humanity. They were considered to possess infinite occult powers. They enjoyed greater authority than the kings did. They could condemn the “Children of God” to be hanged, crucified or burnt alive! The Quran proclaimed that God is the only Knower of the Unseen. 26. “(He Alone) the All-Knower of the Gha’ib (unseen), and He reveals to none His Gha’ib (unseen).” 72. Surah Al-Jinn :26) There is no medium between man and God because He is “closer to him than the Vena Cava.” 16. And indeed We have created man, and We know what his ownself whispers to him. And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein (by Our Knowledge). Surah Qaf:16)

Prophecies about the Christians →”Strongest among men in enmity to the believers wilt thou find the Jews and Pagans; and nearer among them in love to the Believers wilt thou find those who say; ‘We are Christians’.  Because amongst these are men devoted to learning and men who have renounced the world and they are not arrogant”,(Surah Al-Maidah; 85) Christians have generally appreciated Muslim virtues, as did the Abyssinians to whom Muslim refugees went for asylum during their persecution in Mecca.  Their devotion to learning and the renunciation of the world by the monastic orders is referred to as a contrast to the arrogance and hypocrisy of the Pharisees and the Scribes.

Prophecy about Prophet Mohammed () in Torah and Engeel sent down with Him→.157. Those who follow the Messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write (i.e. Muhammad ) whom they find written with them in the Taurat (Torah) (Deut, xviii, 15) and the Injeel (Gospel) And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you forever; Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world. (John xiv, 16) , – he commands them for Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam has ordained); and forbids them from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); he allows them as lawful At-Taiyibat [(i.e. all good and lawful) as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.], and prohibits them as unlawful Al-Khaba’ith (i.e. all evil and unlawful as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.), he releases them from their heavy burdens (of Allah’s Covenant), and from the fetters (bindings) that were upon them. So those who believe in him (Muhammad), honor him, help him, and follow the light (the Qur’an) which has been sent down with him, it is they who will be successful .158. Say (O Muhammad): “O mankind! Verily, I am sent to you all as the Messenger of Allah – whom belong the dominion of the heavens and the earth. La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He); It is He Who gives life and causes death. So believe in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad ), the Prophet who can neither read nor write (i.e. Muhammad ) who believes in Allah and His Words [(this Qur’an), the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel) and also Allah’s Word: “Be!” – and he was, i.e. ‘Iesa (Jesus) son of Maryam (Mary),], and follow him so that you may be guided. ” (Surah Al-A’raf; 157-158)snv

Prophecy about the preservation of the body of Pharoah → ” 92. So this day We shall deliver your (dead) body (out from the sea) that you may be a sign to those who come after you! And verily, many among mankind are heedless of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs , revelations, etc.).  (Surah Yunus; 92)The body of Pharoah was saved from the sea and presumably according to the Egyptian custom was embalmed and preserved as a mummy.  The body was found in the old city of Thebes and is said   to be now preserved in the museum of Cairo.

Prophecy about the Victory of the Romans → “2. The Romans have been defeated.3. In the nearer land (Syria, Iraq, Jordan, and Palestine), and they, after their defeat, will be victorious.4. Within three to nine years. The decision of the matter, before and after (these events) is only with Allah, (before the defeat of Romans by the Persians, and after, i.e. the defeat of the Persians by the Romans). And on that Day, the believers (i.e. Muslims) will rejoice (at the victory given by Allah to the Romans against the Persians),5. With the help of Allah, He helps whom He wills, and He is the All-Mighty, the Most Merciful.  (Surah Ar-Rum; 2- 5). In these verses the reference is to the conflict between the Byzantine Emperor Heraclius and the PersianKing Khusrau Parwiz (Cbosroes II).  The Persians had sweeping victories and conquered Aleppo,Antioch and the chief Syrian cities including Damascus in 611 A.C. and Jerusalem in 614 A.C. Jerusalem was burnt and pillaged, the Christians were massacred, Churches demolished, the burial place of Christ was desecrated and many relics including the ‘true cross’ on which the Christians believed Jesus was crucified was carried away to Persia.  In this pillage the Persians were assisted by the Jews.  In the following year there was the fall of Egypt, and the city of Constantinople was itself threatened in the year A.C. 615-616 (the sixth or seventh year before the Hijrah) when this sura was revealed.  The Pagan Arabs rejoiced at the news of these victories of the Persians with whom they had sympathies, and disliked the Roman Christians who were believers in the Scriptures while the Persians were not.  They taunted the Muslims and the Holy Prophet whose message was the renewal of the message of Christ, and argued that the Muslims will also be defeated since the forces of the pagan empire had been able to defeat believers in the scriptures.  The answer to these taunts was the grand revelation of the defeat of Persia and the victory of the Romans.  The words denoting the short period is a period from 3 to 9 years.  The period between the loss of Jerusalem (614-15) by the Romans and their victory at Issus (622) was 7 years and the penetration of Persia by Heraclius was 9 years.  So sure of this prophecy coming true was Hazrath Abu Bakr that he laid a wager with the pagans of Mecca and they lost ‘t on its fulfdment.  In the same year the little army of the Muslims led by the Prophet overthrew the Rower of Arab Chivalry upon the field of Badr.  Thus it was the fulfilment of a  double prophecy.

Protect and help those who seek protection → “And if any one of the polytheists seeks your protection, then grant him protection so that he may hear the words of Allah . Then deliver him to his place of safety. That is because they are a people who do not know.” – (Surah At-Taubah; 6)

Protect orphans“To this world and the Hereafter. → And they ask you about orphans. Say, “Improvement for them is best. And if you mix your affairs with theirs – they are your brothers. And Allah knows the corrupter from the amender. And if Allah had willed, He could have put you in difficulty. Indeed, Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise.” –( Surah Al-Baqarah; 220)

Provision for Hajj? The Hajj (pilgrimage) is (in) the well-known (lunar year) months (i.e. the 10th month, the 11th month and the first ten days of the 12th month of the Islamic calendar, i.e. two months and ten days). So whosoever intends to perform Hajj therein by assuming Ihram), then he should not have sexual relations (with his wife), nor commit sin, nor dispute unjustly during the Hajj. And whatever good you do, (be sure) Allah knows it. And take a provision (with you) for the journey, but the best provision is At-Taqwa (piety, righteousness, etc.). So fear Me, O men of understanding!  (Surah Al-Baqarah; 197).

Punish for crimes in an exemplary way → Cut off (from the wrist joint) the (right) hand of the thief, male or female, as a recompense for that which they committed, a punishment by way of example from Allah. And Allah  is All-Powerful, All-Wise. (Surah al-Maidah; 38).

Qur’an and its message Is  for all humankind? As Allah says in the Qur’an; 157. Those who follow the Messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write (i.e.Muhammad ) whom they find written with them in the Taurat (Torah) (Deut, xviii, 15) and the Injeel (Gospel) (John xiv, 16) , – he commands them for Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam has ordained); and forbids them from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); he allows them as lawful At-Taiyibat [(i.e. all good and lawful) as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.], and prohibits them as unlawful Al-Khaba’ith (i.e. all evil and unlawful as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.), he releases them from their heavy burdens (of Allah’s Covenant), and from the fetters (bindings) that were upon them. So those who believe in him (Muhammad ), honour him, help him, and follow the light (the Qur’an) which has been sent down with him, it is they who will be successful . (Surah Al-A’raf; 157)

Qur’an brings ones life out of darkness into light→ “It is He Who sends down manifest Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) to His slave (Muhammad) that He may bring you out from darkness into lightQur’an (Surah al-Hadid, Verse 9)

Qur’an gives an idea of atom bomb and aerial attacks → “Did you not consider, how your Fosterer dealt with the owners of the Elephant? Did He not make their plot useless, and send on them flocks of flying creatures, who pelted them with stones of baked clay, so that He made them like eaten up straw (husk)?” (Surah Al-Fil1; 1-5)” Abrahah was the Abyssinian governor of Yemen, who built a superbly luxurious church with the aim of making the Arabs forsake their attachment to the  Kaaba , not succeeding in his efforts he decided to pull down the Kaaba and thus ordered his army to march with the elephants to complete their mission, but just outside Makkah the renowned big elephant miraculously sat down and refused to go any further. The soldiers exerted all efforts to persuade the elephant to enter the city but in vain. Meanwhile, to destroy the invading army Allah SWT sent flocks of birds to pelt them with stones of baked clay” This incident – a miracle, suggests that enemies should be taken by surprise. A stone even of one centimeter in diameter dropped from a particular height is sufficient to kill a person. The birds know their target and are very good navigators, as they can travel vast distances over land and sea yet find their way back unerringly to the exact place where they bred the previous year, and this could probably be the purpose of using them here as well as for sending messages. They use many of their senses to navigate, which include vision and hearing. Birds have highly developed sense of vision in the animal kingdom, which was helpful in targeting the army of elephants. In comparison to the birds, modern aircrafts equipped with navigational aids like radars, etc. are performing the same functions mentioned above..

Qur’an Is a book that discusses mankind (and their guidance) →Allah tells us that He revealed a book that includes teachings and guidance related to mankind, so we should follow it. He says; Indeed, We have sent down for you (O mankind) a book (the Qur’an) in which there is Dhikrukum,(your Reminder or an honor for you i.e. honor for the one who follows the teaching of the Qur’an and acts on its teachings). Will you not then understand Qur’an (Surah Al-Anbiya, Verse 10)Allah also says; And indeed We have fully explained to mankind, in this Qur’an, every kind of similitude, but most mankind refuse (the truth and accept nothing) but disbelief.[Surah Al-Asraa, 17;89]

Qur’an is a divine revelation that should be treated as such→Allah emphasizes the greatness of the Qur’an by providing an example in the following verse; “Had We sent down this Qur’an on a mountain, you would surely have seen it humbling itself and rending asunder by the fear of Allah. Such are the parables, which We put forward to mankind that they may  reflect[Surah Al-Hashr, 58;21]

Qur’an is Allah’s word that was revealed to Prophet Muhammad in stages → When Qur’an was being revealed to the prophet (s), the disbelievers of his time asked as to why the entire book was not revealed all at once. To this Allah responded in the Qur’an; “And those who disbelieve say; Why is not the Qur’an revealed to him all at once? Thus (it is sent down in parts), that We may strengthen your heart thereby. And We have revealed it to you gradually, in stages” (Surah Al-Furqan; 32).

Qur’an mentions Allah is the Lord of two Easts and two Wests → The verse of the Qur’an which refers to Allah being the Lord of two Easts and two Wests is the following verse from Surah Ar-Rahman:”(He is) Lord of the two Easts and Lord of the two Wests” [Ar-Rahman 55:17]In the original Arabic script, the words east and west have been used in the dual form. It implies that Allah is the Lord of two easts and two wests.The science of geography tells us that the sun rises from the east, but the point of sunrise keeps shifting throughout the year. Only on two days of the year known as ‘equinox’, does the sun rise exactly from due east. On the remaining days, it rises either from a little north or a little south of due east. During summer solstice the sun rises from one extreme of the east and during winter solstice it rises from the other extreme. Similarly, the sun sets in one extreme of the west in summer solstice. It sets in the other extreme of the west in winter solstice. This phenomenon can be easily seen in Bombay or any other city, by people living in certain areas, or in tall skyscraper buildings, from where the rising or setting of sun can be seen. They are able to notice that during the summer solstice the sun rises from one extreme of east and during winter solstice it rises from the other extreme of east. In short, through out the year, the sun keeps rising from different points of the east and sets on different points of the west. Thus when the Qur’an refers to Allah as the Lord of two easts and two wests, it means that Allah is the Lord of both the extremes of east and both the extremes of west. Allah is the Lord of all the points of the East and West – Arabic language has two types of plurals. One is the dual plural i.e. the plural that implies the existence of two. The other is the plural for more than two, i.e. three and above. In Surah Rahman verse 17 the Arabic words used are mashriqaini and magribaini which are in dual plural and therefore imply two easts and two wests. Consider the following verse of the Qur’an:”Now I do call to witness the Lord of all points in the East and the West….”  [Al-Marj 70:40]The Arabic words for east and west used in this verse are mashaariqi and magharibi’ which are plurals that imply the existence of more than two.We can thus conclude that the Qur’an refers to Allah being the Lord of all the points in the east and all the points of the west, as well as the Lord of both the extreme points of east and both the extreme points of west.

Qur’an on God’s Love → 31. Say (O Muhammad  to mankind); “If you (really) love Allah then follow me (i.e. accept Islamic Monotheism, follow the Qur’an and the Sunnah), Allah will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” 32. Say (O Muhammad ); “Obey Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad ).” But if they turn away, then Allah does not like the disbelievers. 3. Surah Ale-Imran (The Family of Imran)Islam in one sense is different from some other major religions of the world. The picture of God that has been depicted in Qur’an, as we Muslims all believe, is a combination of love toward good people and aversion toward bad people. This has been repeated in at least 40 verses of holly Qur’an with a clear definition for good people and bad people. As mentioned in above two verses, the first step is to follow the path that has been shown to us by god’s messenger. This is the most beautiful picture that one can demonstrate as a mutual love. If you do love your God, you are therefore prompted to follow the path that has been shown to you and prepare yourself to receive his love. But it is also stated that the people who do not follow the right path are not to be loved by God. This may need a little bit more clarification on the definition of right path and people who are to be loved by God. Perhaps the most distinguished characteristic for these people which has been mentioned in 5 verses of Qur’an. 195. And spend in the Cause of Allah (i.e. Jihad of all kinds, etc.) and do not throw yourselves into destruction (by not spending your wealth in the Cause of Allah), and do good. Truly, Allah loves Al-Muhsinun (the good-doers)(2;195) 134. Those who spend [in Allah’s Cause – deeds of charity, alms, etc.] in prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger, and who pardon men; verily, Allah loves Al-Muhsinun (the good-doers). 3. Surah Ale-Imran ;134) 148. So Allah gave them the reward of this world, and the excellent reward of the Hereafter. And Allah loves Al-Muhsinun (the good-doers ). Surah Ale-Imran;148) 13. So because of their breach of their covenant, We cursed them, and made their hearts grow hard. They change the words from their (right) places and have abandoned a good part of the Message that was sent to them. And you will not cease to discover deceit in them, except a few of them. But forgive them, and overlook (their misdeeds). Verily, Allah loves Al-Muhsinun (Surah Al-Maidah (13)93. Those who believe and do righteous good deeds, there is no sin on them for what they ate (in the past), if they fear Allah (by keeping away from His forbidden things), and believe and do righteous good deeds, and again fear Allah and believe, and once again fear Allah and do good deedswith Ihsan(perfection). And Allah loves the good-doers. Surah Al-Maidah (93)Doing good could be helping poor people, supporting orphans or even respecting one’s parents which have been also mentioned in various verses of Qur’an. snv

Qur’an on the Dynamic Balance in the Universe → “See you not (O Muhammad (PBUH) that Allah, He it is Whom glorify whosoever is in the heavens and the earth, and the birds with wings out-spread (in their flight). Of each one He (Allah) knows indeed his Salat (prayer) and his glorification, [or everyone knows his Salat (prayer) and his glorification], and Allah is All-Aware of what they do.” (Surah An-Nur;41) “The seven skies and the earth and whoever is in them , (all) declare His glory , and there is nothing which does not glorify Him by praising Him but you do not understand their glorification ” (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel; 44) ‘During the day you have (Sab’han Ta’weela) prolonged occupation ‘ (Surah Muzammil; 7) Another meaning of this word is move fast or float;”And it is He Who created the night and the day and the sun and the moon ,each moves fast (Yas’bahoon) in an orbit.” (Surah Al-Ambiyaa; 33) “Neither it is possible for the sun to catch (up with) the moon, nor can the night outstrip the day and each moves fast (Yas’bahoon) in an orbit. ” (Surah Ya-Sin; 40) Comparison between heavenly bodies and birds reveal that both glorify Allah, are busy obeying  Allah, are moving fast or floating as mentioned above and are compelled to follow his laws as under;  ” And the sun and the moon and the stars are compelled to follow His command ” (Surah Al-Araaf; 54)  “Did you not see towards the birds compelled (to follow His laws) in the space of the sky” (Surah An-Nahal; 79) Heavenly bodies and birds cannot fall down as Allah is holding them; “Allah certainly holds together  the skies and the earth lest they get separated and if the get separated, no one other than Him can hold both of them together. He is certainly Clement, Protectively Forgiving, ” (Surah Fatir; 41) “Or did they not see towards the birds above them , spreading and contracting  (their wings)? No one  holds  them except  the Beneficent (Allah (SWT), He is certainly the seer of everything .” (Surah Mulk; 19) Two forces are  common in both gravitational force and a force which counteracts gravity, namely,  lift force in the case of birds, and centrifugal force in case of heavenly bodies in circular motion, nuclear explosive force in case of individual stars, and explosive  force of big bang in case of expanding universe. From the above comparison we infer that the forces acting on both the heavenly bodies and birds are dynamically balanced. The Qur’an throws more light  on this type of balance in the following verses; “And among His signs is that the sky and the earth subsist by His command, ” (Surah ar-Rum;  25) “And the sky, He has raised it,  and He has set the balance  (by ordering) that; Do not exceed (the limits) in the balance and establish the balance in a just manner and do not reduce the balance .” (Surah Ar-Rehman; 7-9).

Qur’an was revealed to be recited for its followers → As the Qur’anic verse below indicates, Allah has asked Qur’an’s followers to give it’s right of recitation (to be followed). He says in the Qur’an; Those (who embraced Islam from Bani Israel) to whom We gave the book [the Taurat (Torah)] [or those (Muhammad’s companions) to whom We have given the book (the Qur’an)] recite it (i.e. obey its orders and follow its teachings) as it should be recited (i.e. followed), they are the ones who believe therein. And whoso disbelieve in it (the Qur’an), those are they who are the losers.  (Surah Al-Baqarah; 121)

Qur’an’s message has no crookedness or contradictions → Allah says in the Qur’an; Do they not then consider the Qur’an carefully? Had it been from other than Allah, they would surely have found therein many a contradiction. (Surah An-Nissa, 82) He also says;  “All the praises and thanks be to Allah, Who has sent down to His slave (Muhammad SAW) the Book (the Qur’an), and has not placed therein any crookedness.”(Surah Al-Kahf, 1) snv

Qur’anic hint on early communication → The Qur’an in the following verses hints at using trained birds to transfer letters which today are modified as Airmail and Satellite communication and also at reconnaissance, that is, aerial survey of enemy territory to keep an eye on them; 20. He inspected the birds, and said; “What is the matter that I see not the hoopoe? Or is he among the absentees? 21. “I will surely punish him with a severe torment, or slaughter him, unless he brings me a clear reason.”22. But the hoopoe stayed not long, he (came up and) said; “I have grasped (the knowledge of a thing) which you have not grasped and I have come to you from Saba’ (Sheba) with true news. 23. “I found a woman ruling over them, and she has been given all things that could be possessed by any ruler of the earth, and she has a great throne. 24. “I found her and her people worshipping the sun instead of Allah, and Shaitan (Satan) has made their deeds fair-seeming to them, and has barred them from (Allah’s) Way, so they have no guidance,” 25. Al-La (this word has two interpretations) (A) [As Shaitan (Satan) has barred them from Allah’s Way] so that they do not worship (prostrate before) Allah, or (B) So that they may worship (prostrate before) Allah, Who brings to light what is hidden in the heavens and the earth, and knows what you conceal and what you reveal. 26. Allah, La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Lord of the Supreme Throne! 27. [Sulaiman (Solomon)] said; “We shall see whether you speak the truth or you are (one) of the liars. 28. “Go you with this letter of mine, and deliver it to them, then draw back from them, and see what (answer) they return.” 29. She said; “O chiefs! Verily! Here is delivered to me a noble letter, 30. “Verily! It is from Sulaiman (Solomon), and verily! It (reads); In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful; 31. “Be you not exalted against me, but come to me as Muslims (true believers who submit to Allah with full submission)’ ” 32. She said; “O chiefs! Advise me in (this) case of mine. I decide no case till you are present with me.” 33. They said; “We have great strength, and great ability for war, but it is for you to command; so think over what you will command.” 34. She said; “Verily! Kings, when they enter a town (country), they despoil it, and make the most honourable amongst its people low. And thus they do. 35. “But verily! I am going to send him a present, and see with what (answer) the messengers return.” 36. So when (the messengers with the present) came to Sulaiman (Solomon), he said; “Will you help me in wealth? What Allah has given me is better than that which He has given you! Nay, you rejoice in your gift!” 37. [Then Sulaiman (Solomon) said to the chief of her messengers who brought the present]; “Go back to them. We verily shall come to them with hosts that they cannot resist, and we shall drive them out from there in disgrace, and they will be abased.” 38. He said; “O chiefs! Which of you can bring me her throne before they come to me surrendering themselves in obedience?” 39. An Ifrit (strong) from the jinns said; “I will bring it to you before you rise from your place (council). And verily, I am indeed strong, and trustworthy for such work.” 40. One with whom was knowledge of the Scripture said; “I will bring it to you within the twinkling of an eye!” then when [Sulaiman (Solomon)] saw it placed before him, he said; “This is by the Grace of my Lord to test me whether I am grateful or ungrateful! And whoever is grateful, truly, his gratitude is for (the good of) his ownself, and whoever is ungrateful, (he is ungrateful only for the loss of his ownself). Certainly! My Lord is Rich (Free of all wants), Bountiful.” 41. He said; “Disguise her throne for her that we may see whether she will be guided (to recognise her throne), or she will be one of those not guided.” 42. So when she came, it was said (to her); “Is your throne like this?” She said; “(It is) as though it were the very same.” And [Sulaiman (Solomon) said]; “Knowledge was bestowed on us before her, and we were submitted to Allah (in Islam as Muslims before her).”  43. And that which she used to worship besides Allah has prevented her (from Islam), for she was of a disbelieving people. 44. It was said to her; “Enter As-Sarh” [(a glass surface with water underneath it) or a palace], but when she saw it, she thought it was a pool, and she (tucked up her clothes) uncovering her legs, Sulaiman (Solomon) said; “Verily, it is Sarh [(a glass surface with water underneath it) or a palace] paved smooth with slab of glass.” She said; “My Lord! Verily, I have wronged myself, and I submit (in Islam, together with Sulaiman (Solomon), to Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).” (Surah An-Naml 20-44) The above verses also hint at a concept called tele-parcel or tele-transportation, which is presently under development, that any object could be transformed into its constituent energy particles and transported to its destination at the speed of light (300, 000 km/sec) and on reaching which, could be reassembled back to the original form..

Racism: Fourteen centuries ago, the whole world was drenched in racism. Aristotle taught around 500 BC that the Greeks were superior to all nations. He ‘owned’ 40 slaves and brought 40 kinds of logic in support of slavery. The Romans divided their own people among classes. There were about eight slaves per Roman elite. India demonstrated racism to an extreme degree; a newborn’s whole life depended on whether he was born into a Brahman (priest), Khatri (soldier), Vaish (businessman), or Shudra (untouchable) family. Muhammad (S) toppled the world of false traditions, “There is no superiority of a black over a white or a white over a black. All of you belong to the same single stock. The best among you is the one who is best in conduct.” Who is the considered the greatest leader of these times? It is Nelson Mandela, who fought and won the battle against apartheid. Racism is not allowed in Islam, for the Qur’an speaks of human equality in the following terms; O mankind, We have created you from a male and a female and have made you into nations and tribes for you to know one another.  Truly, the noblest of you with God is the most pious.  Truly, God is All-Knowing, All-Aware.  (Surah Al-Hujuraat; 13) God created human beings as equals who are to be distinguished from each other only on the basis of their faith and piety.   One of the major problems facing mankind today is racism.   The annual pilgrimage (Hajj) to Makah shows the real Islamic brotherhood of all races and nations, when about two million Muslims from all over the world come to Makah to perform the pilgrimage

Relaxation (outer, clothing) in the case of old women? And as for women past child-bearing who do not expect wed-lock, it is no sin on them if they discard their (outer) clothing in such a way as not to show their adornment. But to refrain (i.e. not to discard their outer clothing) is better for them. And Allah (SWT) is All-Hearer, All-Knower. (Surah Al-Nur; 60).

Repel evil by good → The good deed and the evil deed cannot be equal. Repel (the evil) with one which is better (i.e. Allah (SWT) ordered the faithful believers to be patient at the time of anger, and to excuse those who treat them badly), then verily! he, between whom and you there was enmity, (will become) as though he was a close friend. (Surah Fussilat/Surah Ha Mim As Sajdah; 34).

Respect and Be dutiful to parents →And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one of them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at them but address them in terms of honour. 24. And lower unto them the wing of submission and humility through mercy, and say; “My Lord! Bestow on them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was small.” (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel;23-24).

Response to revelation → 106. Whatever a Verse (revelation) do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, We bring a better one or similar to it. Know you not that Allah is able to do all things? 107. Know you not that it is Allah to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth? And besides Allah you have neither any Wali (protector or guardian) nor any helper.108. Or do you want to ask your Messenger (Muhammad Peace be upon him ) as Musa (Moses) was asked before (i.e. show us openly our Lord?) And he who changes Faith for disbelief, verily, he has gone astray from the right way. (Surah Al-Baqara; 106-8) 31. Say (O Muhammad  to mankind); “If you (really) love Allah then follow me (i.e. accept Islamic Monotheism, follow the Qur’an and the Sunnah), Allah will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”32. Say (O Muhammad ); “Obey Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad ).” But if they turn away, then Allah does not like the disbelievers.(Surah Ale’-Imran; 31-32) 87. And indeed, We gave Musa (Moses) the Book and followed him up with a succession of Messengers. And We gave ‘Iesa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), clear signs and supported him with Ruh-ul-Qudus [Jibrael (Gabriel)]. Is it that whenever there came to you a Messenger with what you yourselves desired not, you grew arrogant? Some, you disbelieved and some, you killed. (Surah Al-Baqara; 87) 15. And when Our Clear Verses are recited unto them, those who hope not for their meeting with Us, say; Bring us a Qur’an other than this, or change it.”Say (O Muhammad ); “It is not for me to change it on my own accord; I only follow that which is revealed unto me. Verily, I fear if I were to disobey my Lord, the torment of the Great Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection).”16. Say (O Muhammad ); “If Allah had so willed, I should not have recited it to you nor would He have made it known to you. Verily, I have stayed amongst you a life time before this. Have you then no sense?”(Surah Yunus; 15-6) 133. They say; “Why does he not bring us a sign (proof) from his Lord?” Has there not come to them the proof of that which is (written) in the former papers [Scriptures, i.e. the Taurat (Torah), and the Injeel (Gospel), etc. about the coming of the Prophet Muhammad ].(Surah Ta-ha; 133) 46. Have they not travelled through the land, and have they hearts wherewith to understand and ears wherewith to hear? Verily, it is not the eyes that grow blind, but it is the hearts which are in the breasts that grow blind.47. And they ask you to hasten on the torment! And Allah fails not His Promise. And verily, a day with your Lord is as a thousand years of what you reckon. (Surah Al-Hajj; 46-47) 30. And the Messenger (Muhammad ) will say; “O my Lord! Verily, my people deserted this Qur’an (neither listened to it, nor acted on its laws and orders).31. Thus have We made for every Prophet an enemy among the Mujrimun (disbelievers, polytheists, criminals, etc.). But Sufficient is your Lord as a Guide and Helper. (Surah Al-Furqan; 30-1) 4. Those who disbelieve say; “This (the Qur’an) is nothing but a lie that he (Muhammad ) has invented, and others have helped him at it, so that they have produced an unjust wrong (thing) and a lie.”5. And they say; “Tales of the ancients, which he has written down, and they are dictated to him morning and afternoon.”6. Say; “It (this Qur’an) has been sent down by Him (Allah) (the Real Lord of the heavens and earth) Who knows the secret of the heavens and the earth. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”7. And they say; “Why does this Messenger (Muhammad ) eat food, and walk about in the markets (like ourselves). Why is not an angel sent down to him to be a warner with him?8. “Or (why) has not a treasure been granted to him, or why has he not a garden whereof he may eat?” And the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.) say; “You follow none but a man bewitched.”9. See how they coin similitudes for you, so they have gone astray, and they cannot find a (Right) Path.(Surah Al-Furqan; 4-9) 21. And Verily! In the cattle there is indeed a lesson for you. We give you to drink (milk) of that which is in their bellies. And there are, in them, numerous (other) benefits for you, and of them you eat.22. And on them, and on ships you are carried. (Surah Al-Mu’min; 21-22) 67. And those who disbelieve say; “When we have become dust, we and our fathers, shall we really be brought forth (again)?68. “Indeed we were promised this, we and our forefathers before, Verily, these are nothing but tales of ancients.”69. Say to them (O Muhammad ) “Travel in the land and see how has been the end of the criminals (those who denied Allah’s Messengers and disobeyed Allah).”70. And grieve you not for them, nor be straitened (in distress) because of what they plot.71. And they (the disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) say; “When (will) this promise (be fulfilled your Lord is full of Grace for mankind, yet most of them do not give thanks.”74. And verily, your Lord knows what), if you are truthful? “72. Say; “Perhaps that which you wish to hasten on, may be close behind you.73. “Verily, their breasts conceal and what they reveal.75. And there is nothing hidden in the heaven and the earth, but is in a Clear Book (i.e. Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz).76. Verily, this Qur’an narrates to the Children of Israel most of that about which they differ.77. And truly, it (this Qur’an) is a guide and a mercy to the believers. (Surah An-Naml; 67-72) 34. And indeed Yusuf (Joseph) did come to you, in times gone by, with clear signs, but you ceased not to doubt in that which he did bring to you, till when he died you said; “No Messenger will Allah send after him.” Thus Allah leaves astray him who is a Musrif (a polytheist, oppressor, a criminal, sinner who commit great sins) and a Murtab (one who doubts Allah’s Warning and His Oneness).(Surah Al-Mu’min; 34) 34. And We did not send a warner to a township, but those who were given the worldly wealth and luxuries among them said; “We believe not in the (Message) with which you have been sent.” (Surah Saba; 34) 6. And how many a Prophet have We sent amongst the men of old.7. And never came there a Prophet to them but they used to mock at him. (Surah Az-Zukhruf; 6-7) 19. Not alike are the blind (disbelievers in Islamic Monotheism) and the seeing (believers in Islamic Monotheism).20. Nor are (alike) the darkness (disbelief) and the light (Belief in Islamic Monotheism).21. Nor are (alike) the shade and the sun’s heat.22. Nor are (alike) the living (believers) and the dead (disbelievers). Verily, Allah makes whom He will hear, but you cannot make hear those who are in graves.23. You (O Muhammad ) are only a warner (i.e. your duty is to convey Allah’s Message to mankind but the guidance is in Allah’s Hand).24. Verily! We have sent you with the truth, a bearer of glad tidings, and a warner. And there never was a nation but a warner had passed among them.25. And if they belie you, those before them also belied. Their Messengers came to them with clear signs, and with the Scriptures, and the book giving light.26. Then I took hold of those who disbelieved, and how terrible was My denial (punishment)! (Surah Fatir;19-26) 26. And indeed We had firmly established them with that wherewith We have not established you (O Quraish)! And We had assigned them the (faculties of) hearing (ears), seeing (eyes), and hearts, but their hearing (ears), seeing (eyes), and their hearts availed them nothing since they used to deny the Ayat(Allah’s Prophets and their Prophethood, proofs, evidences, verses, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, and they were completely encircled by that which they used to mock at! (Surah Al-Ahqaf; 26) 4. And if they belie you (O Muhammad ), so were Messengers belied before you. And to Allah return all matters (for decision). (Surah Fatir; 4) 51. And set not up (or worship) any other ilahan (god) along with Allah [Glorified be He (Alone), Exalted above all that they associate as partners with Him]. Verily, I (Muhammad ) am a plain warner to you from Him.52. Likewise, no Messenger came to those before them, but they said; “A sorcerer or a madman!”53. Have they (the people of the past) transmitted this saying to these (Quraish pagans)? Nay, they are themselves a people transgressing beyond bounds (in disbelief)!54.  So turn away (O Muhammad ) from them (Quraish pagans) you are not to be blamed (as you have conveyed Allah’s Message).55. And remind (by preaching the Qur’an, O Muhammad ) for verily, the reminding profits the believers.(Surah Az-Zariyat; 52-5) 42. And they swore by Allah their most binding oath, that if a warner came to them, they would be more guided than any of the nations (before them), yet when a warner (Muhammad ) came to them, it increased in them nothing but flight (from the truth), (Surah Fatir; 42) 4. And they (Arab pagans) wonder that a warner (Prophet Muhammad ) has come to them from among themselves! And the disbelievers say; “This (Prophet Muhammad ) is a sorcerer, a liar.7. “We have not heard (the like) of this among the people of these later days. This is nothing but an invention! (Surah Sad; 4-7) 6. And (remember) when ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), said; “O Children of Israel! I am the Messenger of Allah unto you confirming the Taurat [(Torah) which came] before me, and giving glad tidings of a Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmed . But when he (Ahmed i.e. Muhammad ) came to them with clear proofs, they said; “This is plain magic.”7. And who does more wrong than the one who invents a lie against Allah, while he is being invited to Islam? And Allah guides not the people who are Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers and disbelievers) folk.8. They intend to put out the Light of Allah (i.e. the religion of Islam, this Qur’an, and Prophet Muhammad ) with their mouths. But Allah will complete His Light even though the disbelievers hate (it).9. He it is Who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad ) with guidance and the religion of truth (Islamic Monotheism) to make it victorious over all (other) religions even though the Mushrikun (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah and in His Messenger Muhammed ) hate (it). (Surah As-Saff;  6-9)

Restrain Anger →  134. Those who spend [in Allah’s Cause – deeds of charity, alms, etc.] in prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger, and who pardon men; verily, Allah loves Al-Muhsinun (the good-doers).(3:134)

Revelation→ “Say ye; ‘We believe in God and the revelation given to us and to Abraham, Ismail, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and that given to Moses and Jesus, and that given to (all) Prophets from their Lord. We make no difference between one and another of them, and we bow to God.’ ” Chapter 2, Verse 136

Reward for righteousness→ “Whoever works righteousness, man or woman, and has faith, verily, to them will We give a new Life, a life that is good and pure, and We will bestow on such their reward according to the best of their actions.”  Chapter 16, Verse 97

Right to earn money→ “. . . to men is allotted what they earn and to women what they earn.” (Qur’an, 4; 32)

Right to inherit→ “For men is a share of what the parents and close relatives leave, and for women is a share of what the parents and close relatives leave, be it little or much – an obligatory share.” (Qur’an, 4;7)

Salvation from Hell fire→ God has said in the Qur’an; Those who have disbelieved and died in disbelief, the earth full of gold would not be accepted from any of them if one offered it as a ransom. They will have a painful punishment, and they will have no helpers.  (Surah Ale-Imran; 91) So, this life is our only chance to win Paradise and to escape from Hellfire, because if someone dies in disbelief, he will not have another chance to come back to this world to believe.  As God has said in the Qur’an about what is going to happen for the unbelievers on the Day of Judgment; If you could but see when they are set before the Fire (Hell) and say, “Would that we might return (to the world)!  Then we would not reject the verses of our Lord, but we would be of the believers!”  (Surah Al-Anam; 27).

Satan and all his descendants are excluded from witnessing the creation process→ We said to the angels, “Fall prostrate before Adam.” They fell prostrate, except Satan. He became a jinn, for he disobeyed the order of His Lord.* Will you choose him and his descendants as lords instead of Me, even though they are your enemies? What a miserable substitute! I never permitted them to witness the creation of the heavens and the earth, nor the creation of themselves. Nor do I permit the wicked to work in My kingdom. (Surah Al-Kahf; 50-51).

Satan and his descendants are hypnotists→ We have committed to Hell multitudes of jinns and humans. They have minds with which they do not understand, eyes with which they do not see, and ears with which they do not hear. They are like animals; no, they are far worse – they are totally unaware. (Surah Al-A’raf; 179).

Satan and his descendants are liars and will disown their followers and feud with them on the Day of Judgment→And the devil will say, after the judgment had been issued, “God has promised you the truthful promise, and I promised you, but I broke my promise. I had no power over you; I simply invited you, and you accepted my invitation. Therefore, do not blame me, and blame only yourselves. My complaining cannot help you, nor can your complaining help me. I have disbelieved in your idolizing me. The transgressors have incurred a painful retribution.” (Surah Ibrahim; 22). 27 His companion said, “Our Lord, I did not mislead him; he was far astray.”28 He said, “Do not feud in front of Me; I have sufficiently warned you.29 “Nothing can be changed now. I am never unjust towards the people.” (Surah Qaf; 27-29).

Satan and his descendants are the worst companions→ Do you not see how we unleash the devils upon the disbelievers to stir them up? (Surah Maryam; 83).They give money to charity only to show off, while disbelieving in God and the Last Day. If one’s companion is the devil, that is the worst companion. (Surah An-Nisaa; 38).Anyone who disregards the message of the Most Gracious, we appoint a devil to be his constant companion. Such companions will divert them from the path, yet make them believe that they are guided.When he comes before us he will say, “Oh I wish you were as far from me as the two easts. What a miserable companion!” (Surah Az-Zukuhrf; 36-;38). 25. And We have assigned them (devils) intimate companions (in this world), who have made fair-seeming to them, what was before them (evil deeds which they were doing in the present worldly life and disbelief in the Reckoning and the Resurrection, etc.) and what was behind them (denial of the matters in the coming life of the Hereafter as regards punishment or reward, etc.). And the Word (i.e. the torment) is justified against them as it was justified against those who were among the previous generations of jinns and men that had passed away before them. Indeed they (all) were the losers. (Surah Fussilat/Surah Ha Mim As Sajdah; 25). Some He guided, while others are committed to straying. They have taken the devils as their masters, instead of God, yet they believe that they are guided. (Surah Al-A’raf; 30). 22 On the day when we summon them all, we will ask the idol worshipers, “Where are the idols you set up?”23 Their disastrous response will be, “By God our Lord, we never were idol worshipers.”Note how they lied to themselves, and how the idols they had invented have abandoned them. (Surah Al-An’am; 22-24). Say,”Shall I tell you who the worst losers are?”They are the ones whose works in this life are totally astray, but they think that they are doing good.” (Surah Al-Kahf; 103-104).

Satan and his descendants the children of Adam will do anything to misguide →”You may entice them with your voice, and mobilize all your forces and all your men against them, and share in their money and children, and promise them. Anything the devil promises is no more than an illusion. (Surah Al-Asraa; 64). “I will come to them from before them, and from behind them, and from their right, and from their left, and You will find that most of them are unappreciative.” (Surah Al-A’raf; 17 )

Satan calls us to disbelieve in Allah. Does Satan believe in Allah? Yes, Satan believe in Allah 16. (Their allies deceived them) like Shaitan (Satan), when he says to man; “Disbelieve in Allah.” But when (man) disbelieves in Allah, Shaitan (Satan) says; “I am free of you, I fear Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)!” (Surah Al-Hashr;16).

Satan has no power over God’s worshipers→”As for My servants, you have no power over them.” Your Lord suffices as an advocate. (Surah Al-Asraa; 65)”Except those among Your worshipers who are devoted absolutely to You alone.” He said, “This is a law that is inviolable. “You have no power over My servants. You only have power over the strayers who follow you. (Surah Al-Hijr; 40-42) He has no power over those who believe and trust in their Lord. His power is limited to those who choose him as their master, those who choose him as their god. (Surah An-Nahl;  99-100). He said, “I swear by Your majesty, that I will send them all astray. “Except Your worshipers who are devoted absolutely to You alone.” (Surah Sad; 82-83)

Satan is a temporary god on earth→ Recall that your Lord said to the angels, “I am placing a representative (a temporary god) on Earth.” They said, “Will You place therein one who will spread evil therein and shed blood, while we sing Your praises, glorify You, and uphold Your absolute authority?” He said, “I know what you do not know.” (Surah Al-Baqarah; 30)

Satan is arrogant and raciest→ [He said, “What prevented you from prostrating when I ordered you?” He said, “I am better than he; You created me from fire, and created him from mud.” He said, “Therefore, you must go down, for you are not to be arrogant here. Get out; you are debased.” (Surah Al-A’raf; 12-13)

Satan is the human’s ardent enemy; O you who believe, you shall embrace total submission; do not follow the steps of Satan, for he is your most ardent enemy. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 208) Some livestock supply you with transportation, as well as bedding materials. Eat from God’s provisions to you, and do not follow the steps of Satan; he is your most ardent enemy. (Surah Al-An’am; 142)

Satan was an Angel→ [When we said to the angels, “Fall prostrate before Adam,” they fell prostrate, except Satan; he refused, was too arrogant, and a disbeliever. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 34) We created you, then we shaped you, then we said to the angels, “Fall prostrate before Adam.” They fell prostrate, except Iblees (Satan); he was not with the prostrators. (Surah Al-A’raf; 11)

Satan will claim the majority→ He said, “Since You have honored him over me, if You respite me till the Day of Resurrection, I will possess all his descendants, except a few.” (Surah Al-Asraa; 62).

Satan’s existence on earth is only a temporary respite→ He said, “My Lord, respite me until the day they are resurrected.” He said, “You are granted a respite.” (Surah Al-A’raf; 14-15).

Save yourself from covetousness → So keep your duty to Allah (SWT) and fear Him as much as you can; listen and obey; and spend in charity, that is better for yourselves. And whosoever is saved from his own covetousness, then they are the successful ones. (Surah At-Taghabun; 16).

Seek forgiveness of Allah (SWT) → He is Forgiving and Merciful — Verily, your Lord knows that you do stand (to pray at night) a little less than two-thirds of the night, or half the night, or a third of the night, and so do a party of those with you, And Allah measures the night and the day. He knows that you are unable to pray the whole night, so He has turned to you (in mercy). So, recite you of the Qur’an as much as may be easy for you. He knows that there will be some among you sick, others travelling through the land, seeking of Allah’s Bounty; yet others fighting in Allah ‘s Cause. So recite as much of the Qur’an as may be easy (for you), and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give Zakat, and lend to Allah a goodly loan, and whatever good you send before you for yourselves, (i.e. Nawafil non-obligatory acts of worship; prayers, charity, fasting, Hajj and ‘Umrah, etc.), you will certainly find it with Allah, better and greater in reward. And seek Forgiveness of Allah Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most-Merciful. (Surah Al-Muzzammil; 20).

Sequence in development of organs → It is He, Who has created for you (the sense of) hearing (ears), sight (eyes), and hearts (understanding). Little thanks you give. (Surah Al-Mu’minun; 78) And Allah has brought you out from the wombs of your mothers while you know nothing. And He gave you hearing, sight, and hearts that you might give thanks (to Allah). (Surah An-Nahl; 78). The above verses refer to a number of senses given tohuman beings by Allah. These are always referred in a specific order in the Qur’an; hearing, sight, feeling and understanding. In a paper in the Journal of the IMA, Dr. Keith Moore states that during the eye begins to form after the inner ear has assumed its first form.  He says the brain the centre of feeling and understanding begins its development after the ear and the eye.The foetus ears begin to develop as early as the twenty second day of pregnancy and become fully functional in the fourth month.  After that the foetus can hear sounds in its mother’s womb.  For that reason the sense of  hearing forms before the other vital functions for a new born baby.  The order set  out in the Qur’ an is striking from that point of view..

Should a Muslim ask questions unnecessarily? O you who believe! Ask not about things which, if made plain to you, may cause you trouble. But if you ask about them while the Qur’an is being revealed, they will be made plain to you. Allah has forgiven that, and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Forbearing.  (Surah al-Maidah; 101).

Should a Muslim be insolence, arrogant and boastful? “And turn not your face away from men with pride, nor walk in insolence through the earth. Verily, Allah likes not each arrogant boaster.  (Surah Luqman;18) 23. In order that you may not be sad over matters that you fail to get, nor rejoice because of that which has been given to you. And Allah (SWT) likes not prideful boasters. (Surah al-Hadid;23).

Should a Muslim indulge in gambling and wine drinking? There are numerous methods of gambling and in every age and region, gambling has been played in different forms and methods. Before the advent of Islam, gambling was not only customary but also taken to be a cause of pride, nobility and honor. For excessive show of pride, these people would distribute their share of the winnings amongst the poor.. Gambling has unfortunately become an acceptable practise in Muslim Society due to its wide scale promotion by the media. A large number of good Muslims are also caught in the web, not realising that they are gambling and that the earnings from the gambling are haraam. 90. O you who believe! Intoxicants (all kinds of alcoholic drinks), gambling, Al-Ansab , and Al-Azlam (arrows for seeking luck or decision) are an abomination of Shaitan’s (Satan) handiwork. So avoid (strictly all) that (abomination) in order that you may be successful . 91. Shaitan (Satan) wants only to excite enmity and hatred between you with intoxicants (alcoholic drinks) and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah and from As-Salat (the prayer). So, will you not then abstain? (Surah al-Maidah;90- 91) They ask you (O Muhammad (PBUH) concerning alcoholic drink and gambling. Say; “In them is a great sin, and (some) benefit for men, but the sin of them is greater than their benefit.” And they ask you what they ought to spend. Say; “That which is beyond your needs.” Thus Allah makes clear to you His Laws in order that you may give thought.” (Surah Al-Baqarah; 219).  Islamic teachings urge the Muslims to follow Allah’s directives, for earning a living, which is direct means for the attainment of His objectives. On the other hand gambling, which involves raffling or the lottery makes a person dependant on chance, luck and empty wishes taking him away from honest labour, serious work and productive effort. The gambler loses respect for the laws of caution that Allah has established for the people. Because of this addiction, drinking and gambling takes a person away from the remembrance of Allah resulting in negligence of his duties towards his Creator. How correct is the Holy Qur’aan in mentioning drinking and gambling together in its verse, since their harmful effects are so similar. That is why usually one is not found without the other. To sum up on the filth of gambling, the saying of Almighty Allah is enough for a fearing Muslim;- 92. And obey Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad ), and beware (of even coming near to drinking or gambling or Al-Ansab, or Al-Azlam, etc.) and fear Allah. Then if you turn away, you should know that it is Our Messenger’s duty to convey (the Message) in the clearest way. (Surah al-Maidah; 92)

Should a Muslim obey a non-Muslims? O Prophet (Muhammad (PBUH)! Keep your duty to Allah , and obey not the disbelievers and the hypocrites (i.e., do not follow their advices). Verily! Allah is Ever All-Knower, All-Wise.  (Surah Al-Ahzab; 1).

Should a Muslim squander his wealth? And give to the kindred his due and to the Miskin (poor) and to the wayfarer. But spend not wastefully (your wealth) in the manner of a spendthrift (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel; 26)

Should a widow be deprived of anything? O. you who believe! You are forbidden to inherit women against their will, and you should not treat them with harshness, that you may take away part of the Mahr you have given them, unless they commit open illegal sexual intercourse. And live with them honorably. If you dislike them, it may be that you dislike a thing and Allah brings through it a great deal of good. (Surah an-Nisaa; 19).

Should all business be stopped on hearing the call for Jumua prayer? O you who believe (Muslims)! When the call is proclaimed for the Salat (prayer) on the day of Friday (Jumu’ah prayer), come to the remembrance of Allah [Jumu’ah religious talk (Khutbah) and Salat (prayer)] and leave off business (and every other thing), that is better for you if you did but know! (Surah al-Jumuah; 9).

Should charity be open or hidden? If you disclose your Sadaqat (alms-giving), it is well, but if you conceal it, and give it to the poor, that is better for you. Allah will forgive you some of your sins. And Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do.  (Surah Al-Baqarah; 271).

Should he who can afford refrain from helping deserving people due to anger? And let not those among you who are blessed with graces and wealth swear not to give (any sort of help) to their kinsmen, Al-Masakin (the poor), and those who left their homes for Allah’s Cause. Let them pardon and forgive. Do you not love that Allah  should forgive you? And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah an-Nur; 22).

Should Muslim support the treacherous or be an advocate for deceitful  → Surely, We have sent down to you (O Muhammad the Book (this Qur’an) in truth that you might judge between men by that which Allah has shown you (i.e. has taught you through Divine Inspiration), so be not a pleader for the treacherous. (Surah an-Nisaa;105).

Should Muslims enter into covenants with the disbelievers? Except those of the Mushrikun with whom you have a treaty, and who have not subsequently failed you in aught, nor have supported anyone against you. So fulfill their treaty to them to the end of their term. Surely Allah loves Al- Mattaqun (the pious). (Surah Al-Bara’at/Surah At-Taubah; 4).

Should Muslims enter into peace with the disbelievers? And if they intend to deceive you, then verily, Allah is All-Sufficient for you. He it is Who has supported you with His Help and with the believers.  (Surah Al-Anfal; 62).

Should Muslims give refuge or protection to the polytheist? And if anyone of the Mushrikun (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah seeks your protection then grant him protection, so that he may hear the Word of Allah (the Qur’an), and then escort him to where he can be secure, that is because they are men who know not. (Surah Al-Bara’at/Surah At-Taubah; 6).

Should Muslims use high handedness against a non-Muslim in religious matters? There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 256) We know of best what they say; and you (O Muhammad (PBUH) are not a tyrant over them (to force them to Belief). But warn by the Qur’an, him who fears My Threat. (Surah Qaf; 45) He who obeys the Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH), has indeed obeyed Allah, but he who turns away, then we have not sent you (O Muhammad (PBUH) as a watcher over them. (Surah an-Nisaa; 80).

Should one marry a widow secretly? And there is no sin on you if you make a hint of betrothal or conceal it in yourself, Allah  knows that you will remember them, but do not make a promise of contract with them in secret except that you speak an honourable saying according to the Islamic law (e.g. you can say to her, “If one finds a wife like you, he will be happy”). And do not consummate the marriage until the term prescribed is fulfilled. And know that Allah  knows what is in your minds, so fear Him. And know that Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Forbearing.  (Surah Al-Baqarah; 235).

Should one spend in charity in striated circumstances? Those who spend [in Allah’s Cause – deeds of charity, alms, etc.] in prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger, and who pardon men; verily, Allah  loves Al-Muhsinun (the good-doers). (Surah Ale ‘Imran;  134).

Should the divorced woman be prevented from marrying again? And when you have divorced women and they have fulfilled the term of their prescribed period, do not prevent them from marrying their (former) husbands, if they mutually agree on reasonable basis. This (instruction) is an admonition for him among you who believes in Allah and the Last Day. That is more virtuous and purer for you. Allah knows and you know not.  (Surah Al-Baqarah; 232).

Should the divorced woman be turned out of the husband’s house during the period of iddat? O Prophet (PBUH)! When you divorce women, divorce them at their ‘Iddah (prescribed periods), and count (accurately) their ‘Iddah (periods ). And fear Allah your Lord (O Muslims), and turn them not out of their (husband’s) homes, nor shall they (themselves) leave, except in case they are guilty of some open illegal sexual intercourse. And those are the set limits of Allah. And whosoever transgresses the set limits of Allah, then indeed he has wronged himself. You (the one who divorces his wife) know not, it may be that Allah will afterward bring some new thing to pass (i.e. to return her back to you if that was the first or second divorce). (Surah at-Talaaq; 1).

Should we attach beads or shells etc. to our clothing to protect us from the evil eye? No, we should not do that for protection from the evil eye, Allah (SWT) says: “And if Allah (SWT) touches you with harm, none can remove it but He, and if He touches you with good, then He is Able to do all things.” (Surah Al-Anam; 17) The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  said: “Whoever wears an amulet has committed Shirk.”(Ahmad) .

Should we be excessive in our praise for the Messenger? No, we should not be excessive in our praise for him, as Allah (SWT) said to the Prophet; “Say (O Muhammad ); “I am only a man like you. It has been inspired to me that your Ilah (God) is One Ilah (God i.e. Allah. So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.” (Surah Maryam; 110) The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  said; “Do not exaggerate in praising me as the Christians did for the son of Mary, for I am only a servant. So say (he is) Allah (SWT)’s servant and Messenger”. (Bukhdri).

Should we believe the claims of fortune tellers and soothsayers (Kahin)? No, we should not believe them, as Allnh says; “Say; “None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghaib (unseen) except Allah, nor can they perceive when they shall be resurrected.” (Surah An-Naml; 65) The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said; “Whoever goes to at fortuneteller or a soothsayer and believes what they say, has rejected what has been revealed to Muhammad (PBUH) .” (Ahmad).

Should we consult with Jews & Christians or read their scripture, about the people of the Cave?  (Some) say they were three, the dog being the fourth among them; (others) say they were five, the dog being the sixth, guessing at the unseen; (yet others) say they were seven, the dog being the eighth. Say (O Muhammad (PBUH); “My Lord knows best their number; none knows them but a few.” So debate not (about their number, etc.) except with the clear proof (which We have revealed to you). And consult not any of them (people of the Scripture, Jews and Christians) about (the affair of) the people of the Cave.  (Surah Al-Kahf; 22)  No – their accounts are not accurate – Allah (SWT) Knows Best..

Should we give priority to other opinions over the Word of Allah (SWT) and His messenger? No, we should not give opinions priority over the Word of Allah (SWT) and His messenger. As Allah (SWT)  says; “O you who believe! Do not put (yourselves) forward before Allah and His Messenger (PBUH), and fear Allah. Verily! Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.” (Surah Al-Hujuraat; 1) The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  said; do not obey the created if it means disobeying the Creator” (Ahmad).

Should we seek help from those who are dead, or from those who are not present? No, we should not seek their help, rather we should seek the help of Allah (SWT), as He says;  “Those whom they (Al-Mushrikun ) invoke besides Allah have not created anything, but are themselves created. (They are) dead, lifeless, and they know not when they will be raised up.”(Surah an-Nahl; 20-21) The Prophet prayed; “O the Everliving, the Everlasting Allah, I seek help through Your Mercy”. (Tirmidhi).

Should we wear beads or shells, good luck charms and amulet etc (like a thread or ring etc) believing that they have healing powers and protect us from the evil eye? No, we should not wear them, since Allah (SWT) says;  “And if Allah touches you with harm, none can remove it but He, and if He touches you with good, then He is Able to do all things.” (Surah Al-Anam; 17).” Hudhaifa (RA) saw a man wearing a thread around his hand to cure fever, so he cut the thread reciting Allah (SWT)’s Words; “And most of them believe not in Allah except that they attribute partners (unto Him) i.e. they are Mushrikun – polytheists.” (Surah Yusuf; 106). The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  said; “Whoever wears an amulet has committed Shirk.”(Ahmad)

Should we worship Allah (SWT) with fear and hope? Yes, that is how we should worship Him as He has commanded His servants; “ And do not do mischief on the earth, after it has been set in order, and invoke Him with fear and hope; Surely, Allah’s Mercy is (ever) near unto the good-doers. (Surah al-Araf;  56).

Sincerity→ “Serve Allah, being sincere to Him in obedience.” (Surah Az-Zumar; 2) “It is most hateful in the sight of Allah that you say things which you do not do.” (Surah As-Saff;  3) “Woe to those who pray but are unmindful of their prayers, who do good to be seen.” (Surah Al-Ma’un;  4-6)

Souls leave in the Night→ 47. And it is He Who makes the night a covering for you, and the sleep (as) repose, and makes the day Nushur (i.e. getting up and going about here and there for daily work, etc. after one’s sleep at night or like resurrection after one’s death) (Surah Al-Furqan;47). 60. It is He, Who takes your souls by night (when you are asleep), and has knowledge of all that you have done by day, then he raises (wakes) you up again that a term appointed (your life period) be fulfilled, then in the end unto Him will be your return. Then He will inform you what you used to do. (Surah Al-An’am (60) 42. It is Allah Who takes away the souls at the time of their death, and those that die not during their sleep. He keeps those (souls) for which He has ordained death and sends the rest for a term appointed. Verily, in this are signs for a people who think deeply. ( Surah Az-Zumar (42)snv

Speak to people mildly→ “And speak to him with gentle speech that perhaps he may be reminded or fear [Allah].” – (Surah Ta-ha;44).

Speak to the needy kindly→ “And if you [must] turn away from the needy awaiting mercy from your Lord which you expect, then speak to them a gentle word.” – (Surah Al-Asraa; 28).

Spend wealth in charity→ “Believe in Allah and His Messenger and spend out of that in which He has made you successors. For those who have believed among you and spent, there will be a great reward.” – The Holy Qur’an (Surah Al-Hadid; 7).You will not attain righteousness till you spend in charity of the things you love.” Surah Ale Imran 92).

Stay away from sin and aggression→ “… but do not cooperate in sin and aggression. And fear Allah ; indeed, Allah is severe in penalty.” – (Surah Al-Maidah; 2).

Strive against sinful and unlawful →Why do not the rabbis and the religious learned men forbid them from uttering sinful words and from eating illegal things. Evil indeed is that which they have been performing. (Surah al-Maidah; 63).

Strive with your wealth→”The believers are only those who, when Allah is mentioned, their hearts become fearful, and when His verses are recited to them, it increases them in faith; and upon their Lord they rely – The ones who establish prayer, and from what We have provided them, they spend. Those are the believers, truly. For them are degrees [of high position] with their Lord and forgiveness and noble provision.” (Surah Al-Anfal; 2-4).

The Allegation that Islam calls for its Followers to be Lazy and not to Look for Reasons → Whoever contemplates the Holy Qur’an will get the confirmation that Islam is a religion that greatly urges people to work.  Work is life and without work life stops.  Therefore, the Qur’an in quite a few verses relates belief to good work, the latter being any work carried out by man, be it religious or worldly, which aims at seeking Allah’s pleasure, procuring benefits to human beings or warding evil off.  The order to work is unambiguously clear in the Qur’an; “And say; ‘Work (righteousness) Soon will God observe your work, and His Apostle, and the Believers” (Surah Tauba; 105).  The Qur’an urges Muslims to work even on Friday which is considered a weekly holiday for Muslims.  Allah says; “And when the Prayer is finished, then may ye disperse through the land” (Surah al- Jumua; 10). The Prophet urges people to work till the last moment of their life or the last moment of the world.  Hence his saying; “If the Day of Judgement comes and you have a small tree in your hand, and you cannot arise till you plant it, then do so” (Ibn Hanbal’s Musnad).The Prophet refused some people’s devotion to prayer only and their dependence on others to get food and drink.  He praised those who work and earn their living with their hands.  He praised the working hand as a hand liked by Allah and his Prophet. The Prophet (PBUH), who served and serves as a model for all Muslims, works, plans, and studies all aspects of everything, prepares and gets ready for everything, always considers the causes before doing anything, without forgetting to ask for Allah’s assistance.  Seeking Allah’s assistance does not mean forsaking work or not considering causes; it’s the next step after the preparation of everything.  This call for Allah’s help makes man remember Allah and get supplied with a spiritual energy which, makes him more capable to overcome difficulties and face problems with unwavering tenacity.  Seeking Allah’s assistance is, therefore, a positive force.  It is neither a negative force nor a sense of laziness. Dependence and fatalism means not to take causes into consideration and not to work, considering that Allah will do everything according to His will.  This is something unacceptable in Islam.  Allah does not help those who do not help themselves; He is with those who work ; “Verily never will God change the condition of a people until they change it themselves” (Surah Ra’d; 11).’Umar Ben El Khattab (MABH) expelled some fatalists who were devoted to prayer only in a mosque, depending on others for their living.  It is at this time that he said his famous saying “Heavens does not rain gold or silver.  ” He quoted the Prophet who said “If you depend on Allah in the right manner, He will give you the same gift He gives birds who go out with empty stomachs and come back with full stomachs” (reported by Tarmidhi), which means ; work following the example of birds who go out in the morning looking for food with empty stomachs and come back in the evening with full stomachs.

The amount of mahr (dowry) to be paid before the man has touched the woman the mahr (dowry) is fixed? There is no sin on you, if you divorce women while yet you have not touched (had sexual relation with) them, nor appointed unto them their Mahr (bridal money given by the husband to his wife at the time of marriage). But bestow on them ( a suitable gift), the rich according to his means, and the poor according to his means, a gift of reasonable amount is a duty on the doers of good. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 236).

The case (inheritance) of deceased person who has neither parents nor offspring? They ask you for a legal verdict. Say; “Allah directs (thus) about Al-Kalalah (those who leave neither descendants nor ascendants as heirs). If it is a man that dies, leaving a sister, but no child, she shall have half the inheritance. If (such a deceased was) a woman, who left no child, her brother takes her inheritance. If there are two sisters, they shall have two-thirds of the inheritance; if there are brothers and sisters, the male will have twice the share of the female. (Thus) does Allah make clear to you (His Law) lest you go astray? And Allah is the All-Knower of everything.”  (Surah an-Nisaa; 176).

The charges against Jews mentioned in the Qur’an →Two charges are made against the Jews; (1) that even the books which they had, they twisted in meaning, to suit their own purposes, because they feared men rather than Allah; (2) and in Allah’s Book they mixed up with a lot of semi-historical and legendary matter.  Then woe to those who write the Book with their own hands and then say, “This is from Allah,” to purchase with it a little price! Woe to them for what their hands have written and woe to them for that they earn thereby.”(Surah Al-Baqarah; 79) Verily, those who conceal what Allah has sent down of the Book, and purchase a small gain therewith (of worldly things), they eat into their bellies nothing but fire. Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection, nor purify them, and theirs will be a painful torment. (Surah Al-Baqarah;  174) “Verily, those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah’s Covenant and their oaths, they shall have no portion in the Hereafter (Paradise). Neither will Allah speak to them, nor look at them on the Day of Resurrection, nor will He purify them, and they shall have a painful torment. (Surah Ale-Imran; 77) “ (And remember) when Allah took a covenant from those who were given the Scripture (Jews and Christians) to make it (the news of the coming of Prophet Muhammad  and the religious knowledge) known and clear to mankind, and not to hide it, but they threw it away behind their backs, and purchased with it some miserable gain! And indeed worst is that which they bought” (Surah Ale-Imran; 187)  “And when there came to them a Messenger from Allah (i.e. Muhammad Peace be upon him ) confirming what was with them, a party of those who were given the Scripture threw away the Book of Allah behind their backs as if they did not know! (Surah Baqarah; 101) “146. Those to whom We gave the Scripture (Jews and Christians) recognise him (Muhammad  or the Ka’bah at Makkah) as they recongise their sons. But verily, a party of them conceal the truth while they know it – [i.e. the qualities of Muhammad  which are written in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)].” (Surah Al-Baqarah; l46) Say; “Say (O Muhammad ); “O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians); Come to a word that is just between us and you, that we worship none but Allah, and that we associate no partners with Him, and that none of us shall take others as lords besides Allah. Then, if they turn away, say; “Bear witness that we are Muslims.”” (Surah Ale-Imran; 64) Those who follow the Messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write (i.e.Muhammad ) whom they find written with them in the Taurat (Torah) (Deut, xviii, 15) and the Injeel (Gospel) (John xiv, 16) , – he commands them for Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam has ordained); and forbids them from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); he allows them as lawful At-Taiyibat [(i.e. all good and lawful) as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.], and prohibits them as unlawful Al-Khaba’ith (i.e. all evil and unlawful as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.), he releases them from their heavy burdens (of Allah’s Covenant), and from the fetters (bindings) that were upon them. So those who believe in him (Muhammad ), honour him, help him, and follow the light (the Qur’an) which has been sent down with him, it is they who will be successful . (Surah Al-A’raf; 157).

The children when grown up, should also ask for permission? And when the children among you come to puberty, then let them (also) ask for permission, as those senior to them (in age). Thus Allah (SWT) makes clear His Ayat (Commandments and legal obligations) for you. And Allah (SWT) is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (Surah Al-Nur; 59).

The commandments about adultery? And come not near to the unlawful sexual intercourse. Verily, it is a Fahishah [i.e. anything that transgresses its limits (a great sin)], and an evil way (that leads one to Hell unless Allah forgives him). (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel; 32).

The concept of distribution and status of dignity in Islam? He grants Hikmah to whom He pleases, and he, to whom Hikmah is granted, is indeed granted abundant good. But none remember (will receive admonition) except men of understanding. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 269) And wish not for the things in which Allah has made some of you to excel others. For men there is reward for what they have earned, (and likewise) for women there is reward for what they have earned, and ask Allah of His Bounty. Surely, Allah is Ever All-Knower of everything.  (Surah an-Nisaa; 32) And that was Our Proof which We gave Ibrahim (AS) (Abraham) against his people. We raise whom We will in degrees. Certainly your Lord is All-Wise, All-Knowing. (Surah al-Inam; 83) So he [Yusuf (Joseph)] began (the search) in their bags before the bag of his brother. Then he brought it out of his brother’s bag. Thus did We plan for Yusuf (Joseph). He could not take his brother by the law of the king (as a slave), except that Allah willed it. (So Allah made the brothers to bind themselves with their way of “punishment, i.e. enslaving of a thief.”) We raise to degrees whom We please, but over all those endowed with knowledge is the All-Knowing. (Surah Yusuf; 76) When harm touches man, he calls to Us (for help), then when We have (rescued him from that harm and) changed it into a favour from Us, he says; “Only because of knowledge (that I possess) I obtained it.” Nay, it is only a trial, but most of them know not! (Surah al-Zumr; 49).

The concept of distribution of provision in Islam? Allah (SWT) increases the provision for whom He wills, and straitens (it for whom He wills), and they rejoice in the life of the world, whereas the life of this world as compared with the Hereafter is but a brief passing enjoyment. (Surah ar-Raad; 26) Truly, your Lord enlarges the provision for whom He wills and straitens (for whom He wills). Verily, He is Ever All-Knower, All-Seer of His slaves. (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel; 30).

The concept of God

The Contraction motion that facilitates birth → “The pains of labor drove her to the trunk of a date-palm. She said, ‘Oh if only I had died before this time and was something discarded and forgotten!’ A voice called out to her from under her, ‘Do not grieve! Your Lord has placed a small stream at your feet. Shake the trunk of the palm towards you and fresh, ripe dates will drop down onto you.’ (Surah Maryam; 23-25) Modern medicine shows that squeezing an object during labor facilitates the baby’s downward passage through the birth canal. The muscles used during contraction are the same as those that propel the baby outside the womb. Various methods are employed to achieve this, such as pulling on a cord suspended from the ceiling or on arms attached to the two sides of the bed or else holding onto and squeezing someone’s hand. There is great wisdom in the way that, by means of Allah (SWT)’s angels, Maryam shook the branches of the palm tree toward her. The Arabic word “huzzee” means “to shake fast, to move or to rock.”  In addition to dates facilitating birth and having nutritious properties, pulling the branches toward one to shake them and then letting them pull back in another movement also facilitates birth. This technique applied in our own day, is one of the proofs that Allah (SWT) supported Maryam (PBUH) with His compassion and that the Qur’an is the word of our Lord, the Omniscient..

The contraction of the universe and the reversal of time →Time is one of the most elusive mysteries of the universe. No one knows what time really is. Verses in the Qur’an suggest that one day the universe will start contracting and this will coincide with beginning of the Day of Judgment.   By Al-‘Asr (time reversal).2. Verily! Man is in loss,3. Except those who believe and do righteous good deeds, and recommend one another to the truth (i.e. order one another to perform all kinds of good deeds (Al-Ma’ruf) which Allah (SWT) has ordained, and abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds (Al-Munkar) which Allah has forbidden), and recommend one another to patience. (Surah al-Asr; 1-3) The greatest terror (on the Day of Resurrection) will not grieve them, and the angels will meet them, (with the greeting); “This is your Day which you were promised.” And (remember) the Day when We shall roll up the heavens like a scroll rolled up for books, as We began the first creation, We shall repeat it, (it is) a promise binding upon Us. Truly, We shall do it. (Surah al-Anbiyaa; 103-104)   In the above verse, “The Day” means The Day of Judgment and the contraction of the universe, is compared to the closing of a scroll. This is when time may reverse. Reversal of time will cause man to rise from his grave and again become alive.  And when the Messengers are gathered to their time appointed; (Surah al-Mursalaat; 11)  (The prophets will be returned into their time as time runs backwards) every event will be replayed again as everything has been recorded in time. And to Allah (SWT) belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. And on the Day that the Hour will be established, on that Day the followers of falsehood (polytheists, disbelievers, worshippers of false deities, etc.) shall lose (everything). And you will see each nation humbled to their knees (kneeling); each nation will be called to its Record (of deeds). This Day you shall be recompensed for what you used to do. This Our Record speaks about you with truth. Verily, We were recording what you used to do (i.e. Our angels used to record your deeds).(Surah Al-Jathiyah; 27-29) And there is nothing hidden in the heaven and the earth, but is in a Clear Book (i.e. Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz). (Surah An-Naml; 75) As the history of earth runs backwards through time, nations will return one after another. All the good and evil deeds of the individual as well as that of the nations will become completely apparent as time reversal occurs.   The playing back of time will cause people to see what they had done previously.  They will have no control over their hands, feet, mouths, and eyes. All the wrong and right things that were done before by them will be repeated again.  In this sense, the mouths, hands, and feet, will become witnesses against them in front of the angels and God, and they will not be able to deny any of their wrong doings.  On the Day when their tongues, their hands, and their legs or feet will bear witness against them as to what they used to do. On that Day Allah will pay them the recompense of their deeds in full, and they will know that Allah, He is the Manifest Truth. (Surah an-Nur; 24-25) Verily, We have warned you of a near torment, the Day when man will see that (the deeds) which his hands have sent forth, and the disbeliever will say; “Woe to me! Would that I were dust!” (Surah an-Naba’; 40).

The creation of Adam, The First Man → Islam provides us with the astonishing details of the creation of Adam. Both Christian and Jewish traditions are remarkably similar yet importantly different to the Qur’an. The Book of Genesis describes Adam as being made from “the dust of the earth,” and in the Talmud, Adam is described as being kneaded from mud. And God said to the angels; ” 30. And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels; “Verily, I am going to place (mankind) generations after generations on earth.” They said; “Will You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood, – while we glorify You with praises and thanks (Exalted be You above all that they associate with You as partners) and sanctify You.” He (Allah) said; “I know that which you do not know.” (Surah Al-Baqarah; 30) So begins the story of Adam, the first man, the first human being. God created Adam from a handful of soil containing portions from all its varieties on Earth. Angels were sent to earth to collect the soil that was to become Adam. It was red, white, brown, and black; it was soft and malleable, hard and gritty; it came from the mountains and the valleys; from infertile deserts and lush fertile plains and all the natural varieties in between. The descendants of Adam were destined to be as diverse as the handful of soil from which their ancestor was created; all have different appearances, attributes and qualities. Throughout the Qur’an, the soil used to create Adam is referred to by many names, and from this we are able to understand some of the methodology of his creation. Each name for soil is used at a different stage of Adam’s creation. Soil, taken from the earth, is referred to as soil; God also refers to it as clay. When it is mixed with water it becomes mud, when it is left to stand the water content reduces and it becomes sticky clay (or mud). If it is again left for some time it begins to smell, and the color becomes darker-black, smooth clay. It was from this substance that God molded the form of Adam. His soulless body was left to dry, and it became what is known in the Qur’an as sounding clay. Adam was molded from something akin to potter’s clay. When it is rapped it produces a ringing sound. The First Man is Honored and God said, to the Angels;”And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels; ‘I am going to create a human (Adam) from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud. So when I have fashioned him and breathed into him (his) soul created by Me, then you fall down prostrate to him.” (Surah Saad; 71-72).

The duty of the well-to-do regarding charity? Believe in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH), and spend of that whereof He has made you trustees. And such of you as believe and spend (in Allah’s Way), theirs will be a great reward. (Surah al-Hadid;  7) You will not attain righteousness till you spend in charity of the things you love.” (Surah Ale-Imran; 92). And let not those who covetously withhold of that which Allah has bestowed on them of His Bounty (Wealth) think that it is good for them (and so they do not pay the obligatory Zakat). Nay, it will be worse for them; the things which they covetously withheld shall be tied to their necks like a collar on the Day of Resurrection. And to Allah belongs the heritage of the heavens and the earth; and Allah is Well-Acquainted with all that you do…(Surah Ale-Imran; 180)  Those who are miserly and enjoin miserliness on other men and hide what Allah (SWT) has bestowed upon them of His Bounties. And We have prepared for the disbelievers a disgraceful torment. (Surah an-Nisaa;37).

The end of the World coded in the Qur’an – “God is the Knower of the future; ” 27. Except to a Messenger (from mankind) whom He has chosen (He informs him of unseen as much as He likes), and then He makes a band of watching guards (angels) to march before him and behind him. Surah Al-Jinn (27)We learn from the Qur’an that this world will come to an end. “We have adorned everything on earth, in order to test them, and thus distinguish those among them who work righteousness. Inevitably, We will wipe out everything on it, leaving it completely barren” Surah Al-Kahf :7-8)”When the horn is blown once. The earth and the mountains will be carried off and crushed; utterly crushed. That is the day when the inevitable event will come to pass” Surah Al-Haqqah (13-15) We also read in the Qur’an that a new earth and new heavens will replace the present heavens and earth. “48. On the Day when the earth will be changed to another earth and so will be the heavens, and they (all creatures) will appear before Allah, the One, the Irresistible. Surah Ibrahim (48)

The Evils of Gambling — Gambling has unfortunately become an acceptable practice in Muslim Society due to its wide scale promotion by the media. A large number of good Muslims are also caught in the web, not realizing that they are gambling and that the earnings from the gambling are haraam. O you who believe! Intoxicants (all kinds of alcoholic drinks), gambling, Al-Ansab , and Al-Azlam (arrows for seeking luck or decision) are an abomination of  Shaitan’s (Satan) handiwork. So avoid (strictly all) that (abomination) in order that you may be successful (Surah al-Maidah; 90)  “They ask thee concerning wine and gambling, say: “In them is great sin, and some profit, for men; but the sin is greater than the profit…”(Surah Al-Baqarah; 219) Every transaction in which gain and loss is obscure is known as Qimaar’ and ‘Maisar’ in the Shar’iah terminology, and as ‘Juwa’ in the Urdu language. For instance, if two people compete in a race with the following conditions, that if you surpass me, then I will give you a thousand pounds and if I surpass you then you will have to give me a thousand pounds. Or if someone says, ‘If it rains today you will have to give me a thousand pounds and if it does not rain then I will give you a thousand pounds.’ Likewise if some packed boxes are being sold for a fixed price, for example four pounds per box and some of the boxes have contents with a value of five pounds with others containing a value of two pounds, then the purchase of these boxes will be Qimaar. Because of the obscurity of the gain and loss. There are numerous methods of gambling and in every age and region, gambling has been played in different forms and methods. Before the advent of Islam, gambling was not only customary but also taken to be a cause of pride, nobility and honor. For excessive show of pride, these people would distribute their share of the winnings amongst the poor..

The galaxies, the sky→ And indeed, We have put the big stars in the heaven and We beautified it for the beholder.”( Surah Al-Hijir; 16) By the heaven holding the big stars. (Surah Al-Burooj; 1) “Have they not looked at the heaven above them, how We have made it and adorned it, and there are no rifts in it?” (Surah Al-Qaf; 6)The creation of these stars is for  three purposes, i.e. as decoration of the heaven, as missiles to hit the devils, and as sign to guide  travelers.

The Ideal Muslim and the relations with Allah →The Muslims do righteous deeds with ikhllas (sincerity) or purely for the sole pleasure of Allah and not for fame and honor in the eyes of the people. They dedicate their prayers, sacrifices, lives and death solely for Allah, the Almighty in order to achieve His rewards; “So, call you (O Muhammad and the believers) upon (or invoke) Allah making (your) worship pure for Him And when he was asked why, he would say; “Shall I not be a thankful slave (to Allah)?” They show their love and devotion to Allah by being obedient to Him and following His Messenger, being true believers and doing deeds of righteousness based on the Qur’an and the Sunnah; 31. Say (O Muhammad  to mankind); “If you (really) love Allah then follow me (i.e. accept Islamic Monotheism, follow the Qur’an and the Sunnah), Allah will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” Surah Ale-Imran; 31) 14. Say (O Muhammad ) “Allah Alone I worship by doing religious deeds sincerely for His sake only and not to show-off, and not to set up rivals with Him in worship.” Surah Az-Zumar14) 14. So, call you (O Muhammad  and the believers) upon (or invoke) Allah making (your) worship pure for Him (Alone) (by worshipping none but Him and by doing religious deeds sincerely for Allah’s sake only and not to show-off and not to set up rivals with Him in worship). However much the disbelievers (in the Oneness of Allah) may hate (it). Surah Ghafir or Al-Mu’min;l4). Umar ibn  Khattab narrated, heard Allah’s Messenger ()`saying, “The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended . ”(Bukhari and Muslim) And (remember) when your Lord proclaimed; “If you give thanks (by accepting Faith and worshipping none but Allah), I will give you more (of My Blessings), but if you are thankless (i.e. disbelievers), verily! My Punishment is indeed severe.” Surah Ibrahim;7) “ 40. One with whom was knowledge of the Scripture said; “I will bring it to you within the twinkling of an eye!” then when [Sulaiman (Solomon)] saw it placed before him, he said; “This is by the Grace of my Lord to test me whether I am grateful or ungrateful! And whoever is grateful, truly, his gratitude is for (the good of) his own self, and whoever is ungrateful, (he is ungrateful only for the loss of his own self). Certainly! My Lord is Rich (Free of all wants), Bountiful.” Surah An-Naml ;40) “33. O you who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger (Muhammad ) and render not vain your deeds. Surah Muhammad (47;33)  “96. Verily, those who believe [in the Oneness of Allah and in His Messenger (Muhammad )] and work deeds of righteousness, the Most Beneficent (Allah) will bestow love for them (in the hearts of the believers). Surah Maryam; 96) snv

The Increase and Decrease of Faith in Islam → Faith is a word with various meanings, used in three ways; the first is belief with the heart by way of doctrine and imitation, without there being any personal discovery of expansion of breast; this is the faith of the ordinary people, the faith of all mankind save for the elite. This doctrine (i`tiqad) is a knot (`uqda) tied around the heart; sometimes it tightens and strengthens, and at other times it loosens and weakens, just like a knot in a piece of string. In that sense, Allah (SWT) says; And whenever a surah is revealed, there are among the hypocrites those who say, “Which of you has this increased faith?” As for those who believed, it has increased them in faith, while they are rejoicing (Surah Al-Tawbah; 124) The believers are only those who, when Allah is mentioned, their hearts become fearful, and when His verses are recited to them, it increases them in faith; and upon their Lord they rely (Surah Al-Anfal; 2) It is He who sent down tranquillity into the hearts of the believers that they would increase in faith along with their [present] faith(Surah Al-Fath; 4);  that those who were given the Scripture will be convinced (and  (AlMuddaththir,)and those who have believed will increase in faith  (Surah Al-Muddathth; 31). There are around fifty Qur’anic verses that couple faith  Your guardian(with righteous deeds; for example, Allah (SWT) says;  can be only Allah; and His messenger and those who believe, who establish regular prayers and regular charity, and bow  (Surah Al-Ma’idah; 55). Hence, God made it)down [in worship]  clear that those who believe are those who establish regular prayers and charity (zakah), which are amongst the highest righteous deeds. In fact, the Qur’an goes so far as to state in the context of describing believers, that faith – in a sense of attainment and firmness – is confined to those who perform such deeds; The believers are only those who, when Allah is mentioned, their hearts become fearful, and when His verses are recited to them, it increases them in faith; and upon their Lord they rely. The ones who establish prayer, and from what We have provided them, they spend. Those are the believers, truly. For them are degrees [of high position] with their Lord and forgiveness and noble provision (Surah Al-Anfal; 2–4). So, God made here a bond between true faith and the establishment of the regular prayers and charity. Allah (SWT) says The; believers are only those who believe in Allah and His Messenger and, when they are [meeting] with him for a matter of common interest, do not depart until they have asked his permission. Indeed, those who ask your permission, [O Muhammad] – those are the ones who believe in Allah and His Messenger (Surah Al-Nur; 62). This verse affirms that the word Iman [faith] signifies a multiplicity of meanings. It is noted here that the faithful are defined as those who believe, and this describes the state of heart, and that they do not depart until they have asked his permission, and this pertains to action. So the Almighty God The mentioned the attribute of faith in defining the faithful, ‘believers are only those who believe’  and this does not make logical sense unless the definition using the same term of the object defined has different usage from it. Thus, every believer must keep in mind the fact that faith increases and decreases. Hence, the believer should always be on the lookout for any sign that his faith is decreasing. Indeed, he should take positive steps to increase his faith. One can find an example in the Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). One Companion took another by the hand and said, “Come let us [increase our] faith for a period of time.” This was in reference to reading the Qur’an, remembering Allah and so forth, actions which will help one revive and increase one’s faith.

The Israelites cursed by David and Jesus→77. Say (O Muhammad ): “O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Exceed not the limits in your religion (by believing in something) other than the truth, and do not follow the vain desires of people who went astray in times gone by, and who misled many, and strayed (themselves) from the Right Path.”78. Those among the Children of Israel who disbelieved were cursed by the tongue of Dawud (David) and ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). That was because they disobeyed (Allah and the Messengers) and were ever transgressing beyond bounds. (Surah Al-Maidah;77-78)snv

The most noble of you is the most righteous→ “O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted.” –( Surah Al-Hujuraat;  13).

The people Allah (SWT) likes? And spend in the Cause of Allah (i.e. Jihad of all kinds, etc.) and do not throw yourselves into destruction (by not spending your wealth in the Cause of Allah, and do good. Truly, Allah loves Al-Muhsinun (the good-doers). (Surah Al-Baqarah; 195). Truly, Allah loves those who turn unto Him in repentance and loves those who purify themselves (by taking a bath and cleaning and washing thoroughly their private parts, bodies, for their prayers, etc.). (Surah Al-Baqarah;222), Yes, whoever fulfils his pledge and fears Allah much; verily, then Allah loves those who are Al-Muttaqun (the pious). (Surah Ale-Imran;  76).Those who spend [in Allah’s Cause – deeds of charity, alms, etc.] in prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger, and who pardon men; verily, Allah loves Al-Muhsinun (the good-doers). (Surah Ale-Imran;134). And many a Prophet (i.e. many from amongst the Prophets) fought (in Allah’s Cause) and along with him (fought) large bands of religious learned men. But they never lost degrade themselves. And Allah loves As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.) (Surah Ale-Imran; 146).And by the Mercy of Allah, you dealt with them gently. And had you been severe and harsh-hearted, they would have broken away from about you; so pass over (their faults), and ask (Allah’s) Forgiveness for them; and consult them in the affairs. Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah, certainly, Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him). (Surah Ale-Imran;159), 42).. (They like to) listen to falsehood, to devour anything forbidden. So if they come to you (O Muhammad (PBUH), either judge between them, or turn away from them. If you turn away from them, they cannot hurt you in the least. And if you judge, judge with justice between them. Verily, Allah loves those who act justly. (Surah al-Maidah; 42). And do not do mischief on the earth, after it has been set in order, and invoke Him with fear and hope; Surely, Allah’s Mercy is (ever) near unto the good-doers. (Surah al-Araf; 56). As for those who strive hard in Us (Our Cause), We will surely guide them to Our Paths (i.e. Allah’s Religion – Islamic Monotheism). And verily, Allah (SWT) is with the Muhsinun (good doers).” (Surah al-Ankabut; 69).. How can there be a covenant with Allah and with His Messenger for the Mushrikun (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah(SWT) except those with whom you made a covenant near Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah)? So long, as they are true to you, stand you true to them. Verily, Allah loves Al-Muttaqun (the pious). (Surah Al-Bara’at/Surah At-Taubah; 7) It was not becoming of the people of Al-Madinah and the Bedouins of the neighbourhood to remain behind Allah (SWT)’s Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH)   when fighting in Allah (SWT)’s Cause) and (it was not becoming of them) to prefer their own lives to his life. That is because they suffer neither thirst nor fatigue, nor hunger in the Cause of Allah (SWT), nor they take any step to raise the anger of disbelievers nor inflict any injury upon an enemy but is written to their credit as a deed of righteousness. Surely, Allah wastes not the reward of the Muhsinun.  (Surah Al-Bara’at/Surah At-Taubah;  120).

The people whom Allah (SWT) does not like? 5. And (remember) when Musa (AS) (Moses) said to his people; “O my people! Why do you hurt me while you know certainly that I am the Messenger of Allah to you? So when they turned away (from the Path of Allah , Allah turned their hearts away (from the Right Path). And Allah guides not the people who are Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah. (Surah al-Saf;  5) The Jews say; “Allah’s Hand is tied up (i.e. He does not give and spend of His Bounty).” Be their hands tied up and be they accursed for what they uttered. Nay, both His Hands are widely outstretched. He spends (of His Bounty) as He wills. Verily, the Revelation that has come to you from Allah increases in most of them their obstinate rebellion and disbelief. We have put enmity and hatred amongst them till the Day of Resurrection. Every time they kindled the fire of war, Allah extinguished it; and they (ever) strive to make mischief on earth. And Allah does not like the Mufsidun (mischief-makers). (Surah al-Maidah; 64) Then when they had cast down, Musa(AS) (Moses) said; “What you have brought is sorcery, Allah will surely make it of no effect. Verily, Allah does not set right the work of Al-Mufsidun (the evil-doers, corrupts, etc.). (Surah Yunus; 81), Do you consider the providing of drinking water to the pilgrims and the maintenance of Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah) as equal to the worth of those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and strive hard and fight in the Cause of Allah? They are not equal before Allah. And Allah guides not those people who are the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers). (Surah at- Taubah; 19) 37. The postponing (of a Sacred Month) is indeed an addition to disbelief; thereby the disbelievers are led astray, for they make it lawful one year and forbid it another year in order to adjust the number of months forbidden by Allah, and make such forbidden ones lawful. The evil of their deeds seems pleasing to them. And Allah guides not the people, who disbelieve. (Surah At-Taubah; 37) Truly, Allah defends those who believe. Verily! Allah likes not any treacherous ingrate to Allah [those who disobey Allah but obey Shaitan (Satan)].  (Surah Al-Hajj; 38) Certainly, Allah knows what they conceal and what they reveal. Truly, He likes not the proud. (Surah al-Nahl; 23), And it is He Who produces gardens trellised and untrellised, and date-palms, and crops of different shape and taste (its fruits and its seeds) and olives, and pomegranates, similar (in kind) and different (in taste). Eat of their fruit when they ripen, but pay the due thereof (its Zakat, according to Allah’s Orders 1/10th or 1/20th) on the day of its harvest, and waste not by extravagance . Verily, He likes not Al-Musrifun (those who waste by extravagance), (Surah al-Inam; 141), Surely, the religion (i.e. the worship and the obedience) is for Allah only. And those who take Auliya’ (protectors and helpers) besides Him (say); “We worship them only that they may bring us near to Allah.” Verily, Allah will judge between them concerning that wherein they differ. Truly, Allah guides not him who is a liar, and a disbeliever. (Surah az-Zumr; 3), And a believing man of Fir’aun’s (Pharaoh) family, who hid his faith said; “Would you kill a man because he says; My Lord is Allah, and he has come to you with clear signs (proofs) from your Lord? And if he is a liar, upon him will be (the sin of) his lie; but if he is telling the truth, then some of that (calamity) wherewith he threatens you will befall on you.” Verily, Allah guides not one who is a Musrif (a polytheist, or a murderer who shed blood without a right, or those who commit great sins, oppressor, transgressor), a liar!  (Surah al-Momen; 28) Verily! Allah forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners in worship with Him, but He forgives whom he pleases sins other than that, and whoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, has indeed strayed far away. (Surah an-Nisaa; 116).

The poor and your wealth→”Have you seen the one who denies the Recompense? For that is the one who drives away the orphan. And does not encourage the feeding of the poor.” (Surah Al-Ma’un; 1-3).

The prostration of everything in the universe to Allah →the moving living creatures, beasts, etc. prostrate to Allah. What is the nature of this prostration?Note that this universe and all the created beings in it is in thrall to Allah, whether by choice or by force. The believer worships Allah by choice and is rewarded for his worship. Even though the kaafir may be alienated from his Lord and failing to worship Him, the atoms of his body and everything in him is worshipping Him and glorifying Him, but because our understanding and perception are limited, we are unaware of that tasbeeh (glorification of Allah) and unable to understand its nature. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning); “The seven heavens and the earth and all that is therein, glorify Him and there is not a thing but glorifies His Praise. But you understand not their glorification. Truly, He is Ever Forbearing, Oft-Forgiving” (Surah Al-Asraa 44). What this means is that every created being is in a state of submission to Allah and worships Him in a manner appropriate to its situation. The sun, moon, stars, trees and animals are all in a state of subjugation to Allah and prostrate to Him, and all of them worship Him in an appropriate manner. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning); “See you not that whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and the mountains, and the trees, and Ad-Dawaabb [moving (living) creatures, beasts], and many of mankind prostrate themselves to Allah. But there are many (men) on whom the punishment is justified. And whomsoever Allah disgraces, none can honour him. Verily, Allah does what He wills” (Surah al-Hajj;18). “Have they not observed things that Allah has created; (how) their shadows incline to the right and to the left, making prostration unto Allah, and they are lowly?And to Allah prostrate all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, of the moving (living) creatures and the angels, and they are not proud [i.e. they worship their Lord (Allah) with humility]” (Surah al-Nahl; 48-49). Allah has confirmed that all beings prostrate to Him, and He has explained how some of them prostrate, which is by the inclining of its shadow towards the right and the left. It does not mean that everything prostrates on seven parts of the body; that applies only to the Muslims. The prostration of all other beings is in accordance with their nature. The fact that this prostration is prostration in the real sense is indicated by the apparent meaning of the text, because there is no valid reason for not interpreting the text as it appears to be, so we must accept it. That is also supported by the fact that the prostration of the sun, moon, stars, trees and animals is mentioned in conjunction with the prostration of the angels and humans, which indicates that this is prostration in a real sense for all the entities mentioned. Prostration is a form of humility, so the prostration which includes all creatures implies the utmost submission and humility. For every created thing submits to His greatness and humbles itself before His might and power. This does not mean that everything prostrates like human beings do, on seven parts of the body, putting the forehead on the ground. This kind of prostration is only for human beings. Some other nations bow but do not prostrate, and that is their prostration. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning); ‘and enter the gate in prostration (or bowing with humility) and say; “Forgive us”’ (Surah al-Baqarah; 58) It was said that this means enter it bowing, and some of them prostrate on their sides like the Jews. Sujood (prostration) is a generic term but because the way in which Muslims prostrate is so well known, many people think that this is how everything prostrates. It is known that everything prostrates according to its nature, and the prostration of these created entities does not mean that they put their foreheads on the ground. The prostration of these created entities is a prostration in a real sense as befits each of these entities. So man prostrates in the manner that suits him, in the manner that is well known, on seven parts of the body. The sun prostrates in the manner that suits it, Allah says; “And the sun runs on its fixed course for a term (appointed). That is the Decree of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing” (Surah Yaa-Seen; 38)..’”

The Qur’an addresses every age →Allah sent down the Qur’an as a guide for all worlds and all times;This is a clear explanation for all mankind, and guidance and admonition for those who fear Allah. (Surah  Ale-Imran, 138)Allah gives examples in the Qur’an based on past events so that people who live throughout the ages may take warning and not repeat the same mistakes. One may commonly encounter events similar to those recounted in the Qur’an even today.

The Qur’an and the sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH) are the sole guide for believers→ The Qur’an is the only guide a believer will have recourse to throughout his life. In a verse of the Qur’an where Allah addressed the wives of the Prophet (saas), He commanded them to “remember the Signs of Allah and the wise words which are recited in their homes…” (Surah  al-Ahzab, 34), and urged all believers to recite the Qur’an. As this verse makes clear, the believers read the scriptures in their homes and remember their verses. However, more important is reading and then fully practicing and diligently carrying out the Qur’an’s injunctions.The best reference source to see how the Qur’an has been put into practice is the life and actions of our Prophet (saas), in other words, his Sunnah.

The Qur’an has hinted about aerial attacks through aero planes: “Did you not consider, how your Fosterer dealt with the owners of the Elephant? Did He not make their plot useless, and send on them flocks of flying creatures, who pelted them with stones of baked clay, so that He made them like eaten up straw (husk)?” (Surah Al-Feel; 1-5).

The Qur’an on mothers  → “We have enjoined on man kindness to his parents; in pain did his mother bear him, and in pain did she give him birth” (Surah Al-Ahqaf; 15). “Thy Lord hath decreed that ye worship none but Him, and that ye be kind to parents. Whether one or both of them attain old age in thy life, say not to them a word of contempt, nor repel them, but address them in terms of honor. And out of kindness, lower to them the wing of humility, and say; ‘My Lord! bestow on them Thy Mercy even as they cherished me in childhood’ “(Surah Al-Asraa; 23-24). “We have enjoined on man and woman kindness to parents; but if they (either of them) strive (to force) thee to join with Me anything of which thou hast no knowledge, obey them not'” (Surah Al-Ankabut8). “We have enjoined on man and woman (to be good) to his/her parents; show gratitude to Me and to thy parents; to Me is (thy final) Goal. If they (parents) strive to make thee join in worship with Me things of which thou hast no knowledge, obey them not; yet bear them company in this life with justice (and consideration) and follow the way of those who turn to Me (in love)” (Surah Luqman; 14-15).

The Qur’an on women’s clothing → There are three references to women’s clothing in the Qur’an that are made without the use of the term hijab. In these three Qur’anic passages about women’s clothing,  the Qur’an uses the Arabic word khimar to refer to women’s headscarves (Surah An-Nur; 31), jilbab to their outer garments (Surah Al-Ahzab; 59), and zinah to refer to their “finery” (Surah As-Sajda; 33).“[Prophet], tell believing men to lower their glances and guard their private parts; that is purer for them. God is well aware of everything they do. And tell believing women that they should lower their glances, guard their private parts, and not display their charms beyond what [it is acceptable] to reveal; they should let their headscarves fall to cover their necklines and not reveal their charms except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands’ fathers, their sons, their husbands’ sons, their brothers, their brothers’ sons, their sisters’ sons, their womenfolk, their slaves, such men as attend them who have no sexual desire, or children who are not yet aware of women’s nakedness; they should not stamp their feet so as to draw attention to any hidden charms. Believers, all of you, turn to God so that you may prosper.” (Surah An-Nur; 30-31) “Wives of the Prophet, you are not like any other woman. If you are truly mindful of God, do not speak too softly in case the sick at heart should lust after you, but speak in an appropriate manner; stay at home, and do not flaunt your finery as they used to in the pagan past; keep up the prayer, give the prescribed alms, and obey God and His Messenger.” (Surah As-Sajda; 32-33) “And those who undeservedly insult believing men and women will bear the guilt of slander and flagrant sin. Prophet, tell your wives, your daughters, and women believers to make their outer garments hang low over them so as to be recognized and not insulted; God is most forgiving, most merciful.” (Surah Al-Ahzab; 58-59)

The Qur’an repeatedly warns of a certain day. Can you say which day it is? Yamul Qiyamah (Day of Judgment) Verily, the Day of Judgement (when Allah will judge between the creatures) is the time appointed for all of them, (Surah Ad-Dukhan; 40) Verily, the Hour (Day of Judgement) is surely coming, therein is no doubt, yet most men believe not. (Surah Ghafir or Al-Mu’min;59) And fear a Day (of Judgement) when a person shall not avail another, nor will intercession be accepted from him nor will compensation be taken from him nor will they be helped. (Surah Al-Baqarah; ;48) Say (O Muhammad ); “To whom belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth?” Say; “To Allah. He has prescribed Mercy for Himself . Indeed He will gather you together on the Day of Resurrection, about which there is no doubt. Those who destroy themselves will not believe [in Allah as being the only Ilah (God), and Muhammad  as being one of His Messengers, and in Resurrection, etc.]. (Surah Al-An’am;12) They ask you about the Hour (Day of Resurrection); “When will be its appointed time?” Say; “The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden.” They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say; “The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.” (Surah Al-A’raf ;187).

The Relationship Between Excellence (Ihsan) and Surrender (Islam) and Faith (Iman) →Surrender is a designation attained by all who testify with their tongues that there is no god but God and that Muhammad (PBUH)  is the Messenger of God. It pertains to this worldly life, and to ruling and interactions which have to do with its adherent’s connection to the rest of the Muslims; he may marry from them, inherit from them, be prayed over and buried in their graveyards, and so on for the rest of the outward laws. It also requires adherence to the other Pillars; prayer, the alms, fasting, and the pilgrimage. But the reality of this, and its fruits in the heart and in the Hereafter, depends on this adherence to the Pillars being sincerely devoted to God Almighty, without any ostentation, hypocrisy, pretention, self‐satisfaction or arrogance. This can only be attained when the Muslim adheres to the pillars of Islam whilst being in a state of awareness of God Almighty with love, desire, fear and hope. This is the meaning of excellence. Faith is belief; and this belief might be knowledge, witnessing, or true certainty. Certainty has three degrees and levels; the knowledge of certainty (ilm al-yaqin), the vision of certainty (ayn al-yaqin) and the truth of certainty (haqq al-yaqin), as God indicates in the Holy Qur’an when He says; Nay! Would that you knew with the knowledge of certainty (Surah Al-Takathur; 5), You shall surely see it with the eye of certainty (Surah Al-Takathur;  7), Indeed, this is the truth of certainty (Surah Al-Waqi`a; 95), and indeed, it is the truth of certainty (Surah Al-Haqqa; 51). Yet faith on the level of the knowledge of certainty is itself dependable and acceptable; for knowledge pertains to the mind’s perception, and its certainty is attained by the heart’s assurance and firm belief. To have knowledge of the articles of faith, and for the mind to accept them, is the lowest level of faith, and is enough to make the morally responsible person a believer (mu’min); yet faith at this level is exposed to disturbances, and could be beset by the gales of doubt, disturbed by the winds of uncertainty, or uprooted by the hurricanes of trial and misfortune. To ascend, however, to a higher level than the knowledge of certainty makes faith firm and stable so that it is impervious to backsliding. This can only be attained through a feeling of cognizance of God’s signs which are manifest in existence; and one of the clearest of these signs are those that exist in the soul of man, as the Almighty says; And in the earth are signs for the certain; and in your own selves – will you not, then, see? (Surah Adh-Dhariyat; 20–21). It can also be through cognizance of how God is watching over the believer’s heart, as He says; We created man, and We know what his heart whispers; and We are closer to him than his jugular vein (Surah Qaf; 16). This is the level of excellence, which is to worship God as though you see Him; for if you see him not, He assuredly sees you. Hence, we find the mention of faith in the Holy Qur’an indicating excellence when Allah (SWT) says; Those who have believed and whose hearts are assured by the remembrance of Allah. Unquestionably, by the remembrance of Allah hearts are assured (Surah Ar-Rad; 28). Assuredness is a state of the heart which has to do with certainty and awareness of God’s presence. Consequently, when excellence is actualized it brings perfection to the realm of action..

The seas set on fire → And by the sea kept filled or it will be fire kindled on the Day of Resurrection (Surah At-Tur; 6) This Qur’anic verse also comes in the context of an oath to emphasize the special significance of the subject matter by which the oath is given, as Allah (SWT) (all glory be to Him) is definitely above the need to give such an oath. Now, what is the special significance of the ocean that is set on fire? Both water and fire were never thought to co-exist, as water quiches fire, and fire sets water to boiling and evaporation. How then can an ocean full of water be set on fire? Such contradiction has driven early commentators on the Glorious Qur’an to suggest that this could only happen on the Last Day, depending on another Qur’anic verse where such event is explicitly described “And when the seas become as blazing Fire or overflow.”(Surah At-Takwir; 6)..

The sensation of skin pain in hell fire→ It was commonly believed, for several centuries, that the body is all sensitive to pain.  It was not clear then that there were specialized nerves in the body responsible for transporting all kinds of pain and other sensations, until recently when anatomy has discovered the role of specialized nerve endings in transporting all different kinds of pain. According to Dr. Head’s classification of the skin’s sensitivity, there are two groups of feelings; 1) Epictritic which senses light things, like a light touch or a slight change in temperature; and 2) Protopathic which feels pain and considerable change in temperature. Each of these categories uses certain nerve cells in addition to other receptors for sensing any environmental change. These receptors can be categorized into four kinds; 1) Exteroceptors which are concerned with the faculty of sense and touch and which contain meissners and merkels corpuscles, 2) Krause End Bulbes which are concerned with coldness, 3) Ruffini Cylinders which are concerned with heat and 4) Nerve Endings that can transmit any feeling of physical pain. The skin is considered the part of the body that is rich with such nerve endings that transmit heat and pain. Anatomists have proved that people whose skin has been completely burnt cannot feel pain because their nerve endings are damaged. This is different from a person who has a second-degree burn, for he will experience severe pain as his nerve endings are not damaged, but are rather, uncovered. The Qur’an states ; “ 56. Surely! Those who disbelieved in Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) We shall burn them in Fire. As often as their skins are roasted through, We shall change them for other skins that they may taste the punishment. Truly, Allah is Ever Most Powerful, All-Wise. (Surah an-Nisaa; 56) Almighty Allah explains to us in the first verse that the skin is the part of the body that will receive the punishment, i.e. there is a connection between the skin and the sensation of pain. The verse also tells us that when the skin is burnt (i.e. in the Fire), man can no longer feel the pain of the punishment and so his burnt skin is replaced with new fresh skin where the nerve endings are functioning properly and can transmit the feeling of pain. In this way, a disbeliever will suffer due to his denial of Allah’s signs. Modern science has shown us that the majority of nerve endings are found in the skin. Prior to the invention of microscopes and the progress made in the field of anatomy, no human being could have any knowledge about this scientific fact related by the Ever-Glorious Qur’an fourteen centuries ago. This is a miracle and a great sign of Allah. Allah (SWT) did not say “as often as their skins are burned”, as burning could be partial, but He rather said; “as often as their skins are roasted through”, i.e., totally burned with all nerves of sensation and pain.  So, He the Almighty associated between the sensation of pain and the skin when roasted and burned totally, thus losing its structure and function.  When sensation of pain is lost, a new fully composed and functional skin is replaced, where the nerve ending responsible for the painful sensation of heat and burn perform and function to make the unbeliever taste the punishment of being burned with fire over and over again.. The Qur’an makes it clear that pain is dependent upon on the skin. The discovery of pain receptors in the skin is a fairly recent discovery for Biology.

The Sincere, Monks and Priests recognize the truth→ 82. Verily, you will find the strongest among men in enmity to the believers (Muslims) the Jews and those who are Al-Mushrikun, and you will find the nearest in love to the believers (Muslims) those who say: “We are Christians.” That is because amongst them are priests and monks, and they are not proud.83. And when they (who call themselves Christians) listen to what has been sent down to the Messenger (Muhammad ), you see their eyes overflowing with tears because of the truth they have recognised. They say: “Our Lord! We believe; so write us down among the witnesses. (Surah Al-Maidah (82-83)113. Not all of them are alike; a party of the people of the Scripture stand for the right, they recite the Verses of Allah during the hours of the night, prostrating themselves in prayer.114. They believe in Allah and the Last Day; they enjoin Al-Ma’ruf (Islamic Monotheism, and following Prophet Muhammad) and forbid Al-Munkar(polytheism, disbelief and opposing Prophet Muhammad ); and they hasten in (all) good works; and they are among the righteous. (Surah Ale-Imran ;113-114) snv

The Thankful Troubleshooter → And He Who created pairs of all (things) and made for you the ships, and from among the cattle, those on which you ride, that you may balance yourselves on their backs, then remember the favour of your Fosterer on you when you balance yourselves on them and say, “Glorified be He Who has subjected these to us (for our use) and we were not able to do it, and we will certainly return to our Fosterer.” And they assign to Him from His servants, a part (as sons, daughters, partners, etc), man to be certain is clearly ungrateful. (Surah Zukhruf; 12-15) Allah is asking us to be thankful to Him when we mount the things and balance ourselves on them, which Allah has provided to us for conveyance, the above verse mention Ships and Cattle. If we analyze, the meaning of Dua e Safr, we can understand that due to the nature of the means of transport available in the days of revelation of the Qur’an, such as, ships which required wind for them to move in the sea and cattle such as Camels, Horses, Mules and Donkeys, it was required to thank Allah as he had subjected them to the service of human beings without which travelling would have been difficult. This makes one wonder, is this Dua applicable in the present day, as we are using different means of transport? The following verses of the Qur’an seem to answer this question; And a sign for them is that We carried their progeny in the loaded ship. And We created for them (vessels) similar to it, on which they ride. (Surah Yaa Seen; 41-42) Did you not consider that Allah has subjected to your service that which is in the skies and that which is in the earth and has (showered) His favors on you excessively (both) externally and internally? And among mankind is he who disputes regarding Allah without knowledge and without guidance and without a book giving light. (Surah Luqman; 220) The words Tarkaboon and Yarkaboon meaning ‘you ride’ and ‘they ride’ use a tense which may also mean ‘you will ride’ and ‘they will ride’, respectively in the future. From the above verses we can derive that it is Allah (SWT) who has subjected all materials, fuels and the rules that govern them, to our service and has provided human beings the control on various energies, without which human progress in science and technology would have been impossible, hence this dua is not only applicable to all means of transport but should be to every single technical equipment that we use. By this way we can express our gratitude towards our Fosterer (Rabb) and if we don’t thank Allah (SWT) then the following verse will be applicable; And when your Fosterer announced; If you are grateful I will definitely give you more, but if you are ungrateful, My punishment is certainly severe.” (Surah Ibrahim; 7).

There should be a party or group among Muslims who should enjoin good deeds and forbid evil ones? 104. Let there arise out of you a group of people inviting to all that is good (Islam), enjoining Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do) and forbidding Al-Munkar (polytheism and disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden). And it is they who are the successful. (Surah Ale-Imran; 104).

They deceive their targets by many tools and schemes only to divert them away from the divine source of guidance→ 112.We have permitted the enemies of every prophet – human and jinn devils – to inspire in each other fancy words, in order to deceive. Had your Lord willed, they would not have done it. You shall disregard them and their fabrications.113. This is to let the minds of those who do not believe in the Hereafter listen to such fabrications, and accept them, and thus expose their real convictions. 114Shall I seek other than God as a source of law, when He has revealed to you this book fully detailed? Those who received the scripture recognize that it has been revealed from your Lord, truthfully. You shall not harbor any doubt (Surah Al-An’am; 112-114). ….14. Even if we opened for them a gate into the sky, through which they climb;15 they will say, “Our eyes have been deceived. We have been bewitched.” (Surah Al-Hijr;  14-15).

They prohibit lawful things→ O people, eat from the earth’s products all that is lawful and good, and do not follow the steps of Satan; he is your most ardent enemy. He only commands you to commit evil and vice, and to say about God what you do not know. (Surah Al-Baqarah 168-169).…18We placed between them and the communites that we blessed other oases, and we secured the journey between them; “Travel therein days and nights in complete security.”. 19 But they (turned unappreciative and) challenged; “Our Lord, we do not care if You increase the distance of our journeys (without any stations).” They thus wronged their own souls. Consequently, we made them history, and scattered them into small communities throughout the land. This should provide lessons for those who are steadfast, appreciative.20 Satan found them readily fulfilling his expectations. They followed him, except a few believers.21. He never had any power over them. But we thus distinguish those who believe in the Hereafter from those who are doubtful about it. Your Lord is in full control of all things. (Surah Saba; 18-21).

They promise nothing but illusion → (Surah An-Nisaa;120). He promises them and entices them; what the devil promises is no more than an illusion.

They promote evil → (Surah An-Nur; 21). O you who believe, do not follow the steps of Satan. Anyone who follows the steps of Satan should know that he advocates evil and vice. If it were not for God’s grace towards you, and His mercy, none of you would have been purified. But God purifies whomever He wills. God is Hearer, Knower.

Think deeply about the wonders and creation of this universe → Those who remember Allah (always, and in prayers) standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides, and think deeply about the creation of the heavens and the earth, (saying); “Our Lord! You have not created (all) this without purpose, glory to You! (Exalted be You above all that they associate with You as partners). Give us salvation from the torment of the Fire. (Surah Ale-Imran;  191).

Those who abuse Muslims→ “Bear patiently what they (abusers) say.” (Surah Ta-ha; 130) “Disregard their annoying talk.” (Surah Al-Ahzab;  48)…”When you hear Allah’s messages disbelieved in and mocked at, sit not with them until they enter into some other talk.” (Surah An-Nisaa;  140)…”And if you invite them to guidance, they hear not; and you see them looking towards you, yet they see not. Take to forgiveness and enjoin good and turn away from the ignorant.” (Surah Al-A’raf;  198-199)

Those who have knowledge will be given a higher degree by Allah (SWT) → O you who believe! When you are told to make room in the assemblies, (spread out and) make room. Allah (SWT) will give you (ample) room (from His Mercy). And when you are told to rise up [for prayers, Jihad (holy fighting in Allah (SWT)’s Cause), or for any other good deed], rise up. Allah (SWT) will exalt in degree those of you who believe, and those who have been granted knowledge. And Allah (SWT) is Well-Acquainted with what you do. (Surah Al-Mujadilah;11).

Through what may we seek intercession with Allah (SWT)? The permitted and desired form of intercession is to supplicate to Him by His Names and Attributes, and by righteous deeds, and by seeking the blessings of the righteous (who are living), Allah (SWT) says;  “And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allah (SWT) , so call on Him by them, and leave the company of those who belie or deny (or utter impious speech against) His Names. They will be requited for what they used to do.” (Surah al-Araf;  180). Allah (SWT) also says;  “O you who believe! Do your duty to Allah and fear Him. Seek the means of approach to Him, and strive hard in His Cause as much as you can. So that you may be successful.” (Surah Al-Maidah; 35) In his commentary on this verse Ibn Kathir mentioned a Hadith narrated by Qatadah; The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said; “I ask You by all Your Names, with which You call Yourself ’(Ahmad) And another Hadith in which he said to one of his companions who asked to be with him in Paradise “(You can) help me in this matter by frequent non-obligatory prayers.” (Muslim) Or follow the example of the three persons who were trapped in a cave (by a fallen rock) then they prayed to Allah (SWT) mentioning their righteous deeds and Allah (SWT) removed the rock and they were able to get out. It is permitted to pray for intercession to Allah (SWT) mentioning our love of Him or the love of the Messenger  and pious persons, since our love for them is also considered an act of good deed..

To what extent the Muslim should spend in charity? They ask you (O Muhammad (PBUH) concerning alcoholic drink and gambling. Say; “In them is a great sin, and (some) benefit for men, but the sin of them is greater than their benefit.” And they ask you what they ought to spend. Say; “That which is beyond your needs.” Thus Allah (SWT) makes clear to you His Laws in order that you may give thought.” (Surah Al-Baqarah; 219)..

To which prophet did Allah (SWT) directly speak to? Prophet Moses (PBUH) – A Muslim firmly believes that divinely revealed books were actually revealed by the compassionate God to His prophets to guide mankind. The Qur’an is not the only spoken Word of God, but God also spoke to prophets before Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). “And Messengers We have mentioned to you before, and Messengers We have not mentioned to you, – and to Musa (Moses) Allah spoke directly.” (Surah an-Nisaa; 164) And who believe in (the Qur’an and the Sunnah) which has been sent down (revealed) to you (Muhammad (PBUH)  Peace be upon him ) and in [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel), etc.] which were sent down before you and they believe with certainty in the Hereafter. (Resurrection, recompense of their good and bad deeds, Paradise and Hell, etc.).” (Surah Al-Baqarah; 4).

To which prophet did Allah (SWT) order to build an ark? Prophet Nuh (PBUH) Allah (SWT) instructed Nuh to build the ark and passed judgement on the disbelievers in the form of a flood. Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an, “And construct the ship under Our Eyes and with Our Inspiration and address Me not on behalf of those who did wrong; they are surely to be drowned.” (Surah Hud; 37) Nuh chose a place outside the city and far away from the sea to build his ark. The disbelievers mocked and laughed, making comments about the ship’s location, far from any water source. The disbelievers had no comprehension of the power and magnificence of Allah (SWT), so they could not understand why Nuh would build a ship, on the top of a hill, far away from the ocean. They called him crazy and laughed out loud. The ship began to take shape and when it was finished, Nuh patiently waited for the command from Allah (SWT). “Until when Our Command came and the lowlands gushed forth, overflowing, We said; ‘Load it with two of each kind of animal (male and female), and embark your family, except against whom the Word has already gone forth, and those who believe.’ And none believed him except a few.” (Surah Hud; 40).

To whom did Allah (SWT) send the last messenger Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)? And We have not sent you (O Muhammad (PBUH)  except as a giver of glad tidings and a warner to all mankind, but most of men know not. (Surah Al-Saba; 28).

To whom should Muslims ask for help? Verily, Allah! Unto Him belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, He gives life and He causes death. And besides Allah you have neither any Wali (protector or guardian) nor any helper. (Surah Al-Bara’at/Surah At-Taubah; 116).

To whom should Muslims be thankful? Therefore remember Me (by praying, glorifying, etc.). I will remember you, and be grateful to Me (for My countless Favors on you) and never be ungrateful to Me. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 152) O you who believe! Fear Allah (by doing all that He has ordered and by abstaining from all that He has forbidden) as He should be feared. [Obey Him, be thankful to Him, and remember Him always], and die not except in a state of Islam (as Muslims) with complete submission to Allah. (Surah Ale-Imran; 102). And among His Signs is this, that He sends the winds as glad tidings, giving you a taste of His Mercy (i.e. rain), and that the ships may sail at His Command, and that you may seek of His Bounty, in order that you  may be thankful. (Surah ar-Rum; 46).

To whom should Muslims obey? They ask you (O Muhammad (PBUH) about the spoils of war. Say; “The spoils are for Allah and the Messenger.” So fear Allah and adjust all matters of difference among you, and obey Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH), if you are believers. (Surah Al-Anfal; 1). This is because they defied and disobeyed Allah (SWT) and His Messenger. And whoever defies and disobeys Allah and His Messenger, then verily, Allah is Severe in punishment. (Surah Al-Anfal; 13) O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority. (And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger (PBUH), if you believe in Allah and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination.  (Surah an-Nisaa; 59).

Treat each other with respect and fairness→  God the most merciful, compassionate, and beneficent has instructed us to inculcate these attributes and treat each other with respect and fairness.  God also tells us not to mock, scorn, insult, abuse or put down one another. “O you who have believed, let not a people ridicule [another] people; perhaps they may be better than them; nor let women ridicule [other] women; perhaps they may be better than them.  And do not insult one another and do not call each other by [offensive] nicknames.  Wretched is the name of disobedience after [one’s] faith.  And whoever does not repent – then it is those who are the wrongdoers.” ( Surah Al-Hujuraat;11).

Treat non-Muslims in a kind and fair manner → “Allah does not forbid you concerning those people who do not fight you because of your religion, nor expel you from your homes, that you show them kindness and deal with them justly.. . . Allah forbids you only concerning those people who fight you for your religion, and drive you from your homes and help others to expel you, that you make friends of them.”  (Surah al-Mumtahanah; 8-9). Allah says to His Prophet (PBUH) in one verse, 42. (They like to) listen to falsehood, to devour anything forbidden. So if they come to you (O Muhammad ), either judge between them, or turn away from them. If you turn away from them, they cannot hurt you in the least. And if you judge, judge with justice between them. Verily, Allah loves those who act justly.  (Surah Al-Ma’idah; 42) The Prophet (PBUH) abided by Allah’s commands, even with such difficult people, and never made any concessions in his implementation of justice. He became an example for all times with the words 29. [My Lord has commanded justice] (Surah Al-A`raf; 29). A number of incidents testify to the Prophet’s justice. He lived in a place where people of different religions, languages, races, and tribes all coexisted. It was very difficult for those societies to live together in peace and security and check those who sought to spread dissension. One group could become aggressive towards and even attack another over the slightest word or action. Yet, the justice of the Prophet (PBUH) was a source of peace and security for those other communities, just as much as it was for Muslims. During the time of the Prophet (PBUH), Christians, Jews, and pagans were all treated equally. The Prophet (PBUH) abided by the verse [There is no compulsion where the religion is concerned] (Surah Al-Baqarah; 256), explaining the true religion to everyone, but leaving them free to make up their own minds. In another verse, Allah revealed to the Prophet (PBUH) the kind of justice and conciliation he needed to adopt towards those of other religions; [So call and go straight as you have been ordered to. Do not follow their whims and desires but say, “I believe in a Book sent down by Allah and I am ordered to be just between you. Allah is our Lord and your Lord. We have our actions and you have your actions. There is no debate between us and you. Allah will gather us all together. He is our final destination.] (Surah Ash-Shura;15) This noble attitude of the Prophet (PBUH), being in total harmony with the morality of the Qur’an, should be taken as an example of how members of different religions today should be treated. The Prophet’s justice brought about understanding between people of different races. In many of his addresses, even in his final sermon, the Prophet (PBUH) stated that superiority lay not in race, but in godliness, as Allah states in the verse; Mankind! We created you from a male and female, and made you into peoples and tribes so that you might come to know each other. The noblest among you in Allah’s sight is that one of you who best performs his duty. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware.(SurahAl-Hujuraat;13)

Trust in Allah’s mercy → 268. Shaitan (Satan) threatens you with poverty and orders you to commit Fahsha (evil deeds, illegal sexual intercourse, sins etc.); whereas Allah promises you Forgiveness from Himself and Bounty, and Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures’ needs, All-Knower.(Surah Al-Baqarah; 268) 160. If Allah helps you, none can overcome you; and if He forsakes you, who is there after Him that can help you? And in Allah (Alone) let believers put their trust. (Surah Ale-Imran; 160) 200. And if an evil whisper comes to you from Shaitan (Satan) then seek refuge with Allah. Verily, He is All-Hearer, All-Knower.201. Verily, those who are Al-Muttaqun (the pious – see V.2;2), when an evil thought comes to them from Shaitan (Satan), they remember (Allah), and (indeed) they then see (aright). 202. But (as for) their brothers (the devils) they (i.e. the devils) plunge them deeper into error, and they never stop short.203. And if you do not bring them a miracle [according to their (i.e. Quraish-pagans’) proposal], they say; “Why have you not brought it?” Say; “I but follow what is revealed to me from my Lord. This (the Qur’an) is nothing but evidences from your Lord, and a guidance and a mercy for a people who believe.” (Surah Al-A’raf; 200-203) 27. And recite what has been revealed to you (O Muhammad ) of the Book (the Qur’an) of your Lord (i.e. recite it, understand and follow its teachings and act on its orders and preach it to men). None can change His Words, and none will you find as a refuge other than Him. (Surah Al-Kahf; 27) 58. And put your trust (O Muhammad ) in the Ever Living One Who dies not, and glorify His Praises, and Sufficient is He as the All-Knower of the sins of His slaves; (Surah Al-Furqan; 58) 25. And He it is Who accepts repentance from His slaves, and forgives sins, and He knows what you do.26. And He answers (the invocation of) those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, and gives them increase of His Bounty. And as for the disbelievers, theirs will be a severe torment. (Surah Ash-Shura; 25-26) 11. Who is he that will lend to Allah a goodly loan, then (Allah) will increase it manifold to his credit (in repaying), and he will have (besides) a good reward (i.e. Paradise). (Surah Al-Hadid; 11) 21. Race one with another in hastening towards Forgiveness from your Lord (Allah), and towards Paradise, the width whereof is as the width of heaven and earth, prepared for those who believe in Allah and His Messengers. That is the Grace of Allah which He bestows on whom He pleases. And Allah is the Owner of Great Bounty. (Surah Al-Hadid; 21) 28. O you who believe [in Musa (Moses) (i.e. Jews) and ‘Iesa (Jesus) (i.e. Christians)]! Fear Allah, and believe too in His Messenger (Muhammad ), He will give you a double portion of His Mercy, and He will give you a light by which you shall walk (straight), and He will forgive you. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah Al-Hadid; 28) 53. Say; “O ‘Ibadi (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah, verily Allah forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.54. “And turn in repentance and in obedience with true Faith (Islamic Monotheism) to your Lord and submit to Him, (in Islam), before the torment comes upon you, then you will not be helped.55. “And follow the best of that which is sent down to you from your Lord (i.e. this Qur’an, do what it orders you to do and keep away from what it forbids), before the torment comes on you suddenly while you perceive not! “56. Lest a person should say; “Alas, my grief that I was undutiful to Allah (i.e. I have not done what Allah has ordered me to do), and I was indeed among those who mocked [at the truth! i.e. La ilaha ill-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah), the Qur’an, and Muhammad  and at the faithful believers, etc.] 57. Or (lest) he should say; “If only Allah had guided me, I should indeed have been among the Muttaqun (pious). “58. Or (lest) he should say when he sees the torment; “If only I had another chance (to return to the world) then I should indeed be among the Muhsinun(good-doers). “59. Yes! Verily, there came to you My Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and you denied them, and were proud and were among the disbelievers. (Surah Az-Zumar; 53-59) 2.  And whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty)  3. And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine. And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allah will accomplish his purpose. Indeed Allah has set a measure for all things. (Surah At-Talaq; 2-3)…  5. And verily, your Lord will give you (all i.e. good) so that you shall be well-pleased.6. Did He not find you (O Muhammad (PBUH) an orphan and gave you a refuge?7. And He found you unaware (of the Qur’an, its legal laws, and Prophethood, etc.) and guided you?8. And He found you poor, and made you rich (selfsufficient with selfcontentment, etc.)?9. Therefore, treat not the orphan with oppression,10. And repulse not the beggar;11. And proclaim the Grace of your Lord (i.e. the Prophethood and all other Graces) (Surah Adh-Dhuha; 5-11)

Truthfulness → “O you who believe! keep your duty to Allah and speak straight, true words.” (Surah Al-Ahzab; 70)  “O you who believe, keep your duty to Allah, and be with the truthful people.” (Surah At-Taubah;119)… “Be maintainers of justice and bearers of true witness for Allah, even if it (the truth) goes against your own selves or parents or relatives or someone who is rich or poor.” (Surah An-Nisaa; 135)

Try for settlement between people→And if two parties or groups among the believers fall to fighting, then make peace between them both, but if one of them rebels against the other, then fight you (all) against the one that which rebels till it complies with the Command of Allah; then if it complies, then make reconciliation between them justly, and be equitable. Verily! Allah loves those who are equitable. (Surah al-Hujuraat;  9).

Two women who were barren, had children in their old years, as told in the Qur’an. Who were they? Sarah, the wife of Prophet Ibrahim (AS). When she was given the glad tidings of a son, she said in astonishment, “She said (in astonishment); “Woe unto me! Shall I bear a child while I am an old woman, and here is my husband, an old man? Verily! This is a strange thing!”  (Surah Hud; 72); and the wife of Prophet Zakaiyiah, alayhes salam. He said; “My Lord! How can I have a son, when my wife is barren, and I have reached the extreme old age.” He said; “So (it will be). Your Lord says; It is easy for Me. Certainly I have created you before, when you had been nothing!” (Surah Maryam; 8-9).

Unselfishness; “You cannot attain to righteousness unless you spend (in charity) out of those things which you love.” (Surah Ale-Imran; 91) “They (the true believers) give food, out of love for Allah, to the poor, the orphan and the slave, saying; We feed you only for Allah’s pleasure – we desire from you neither reward nor thanks.” (Surah Ad-Dahr; 8-9) “Do no favour seeking gain.” (Surah Al-Muddathth; 6)

Upon whom does Allah (SWT) promise to bestow sovereignty? Allah (SWT) has promised those among you who believe, and do righteous good deeds, that He will certainly grant them succession to (the present rulers) in the earth, as He granted it to those before them, and that He will grant them the authority to practice their religion, that which He has chosen for them (i.e. Islam). And He will surely give them in exchange a safe security after their fear (provided) they (believers) worship Me and do not associate anything (in worship) with Me. But whoever disbelieved after this, they are the Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah. (Surah an-Nur; 55).

Walk on earth in humility → And the slaves of the Most Beneficent (Allah (SWT) are those who walk on the earth in humility and sedateness, and when the foolish address them (with bad words) they reply back with mild words of gentleness. Surah Al-Furqan;63).

Was Jesus Christ peace be upon him really crucified? The Qur’an clearly states; And because of their saying (in boast), “We killed Messiah Isa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), the Messenger of Allah,” – But they killed him not, nor crucified him, but they resemblance of Isa (Jesus) was put over another man (and they Killed that man), and those who differ therein are full of doubts. They have no (certain) knowledge, they follow nothing but conjecture. For surely; they killed him not (i.e. Isa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary) (PBUT). (Surah Al Nisaa;157) But Allah raised him, Isa (Jesus) up (with his body and soul) unto Himself (and he is in the heavens). And Allah is Ever All- Powerful All- Wise. (Surah Al Nisaa;158). Muslims believe that Jesus was not crucified.  It was the plan of Jesus’ enemies to crucify him, but God saved him and raised him up to Him.  And the likeness of Jesus was put over another man.  Jesus’ enemies took this man and crucified him, thinking that he was Jesus. .    .

Was Jesus the son of God? “Allah has never taken a son, nor has an associate. Were there to be gods beside Allah, each god would have taken away what he created, and would have fought each other vying for supremacy’ (Surah Al-Anbiyaa; 93) Allah says; 91. No son (or offspring or children) did Allah beget, nor is there any ilah (god) along with Him; (if there had been many gods), behold, each god would have taken away what he had created, and some would have tried to overcome others! Glorified be Allah above all that they attribute to Him! (Surah Al-Mu’minun; 91). Say (O Muhammad (PBUH); “He is Allah, (the) One. Allah the self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, (He neither eats nor drinks). He begets not, nor was He begotten. And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him. (Surah Al-Ikhlas 1- 4)  It is those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah (SWT) and worship none but Him Alone) and confuse not their belief with Zulm (wrong i.e. by worshipping others besides Allah (SWT), for them (only) there is security and they are the guided (Surah Al-Anam; 82).

Was Jonah cast on the desert shore or was he not? “But We cast him forth on the naked shore while he was sick,”  (Surah As-Saffaat; 145.).Was Muhummad (pbuh) an illiterate→ The theory that Muhummad (pbuh) authored the Qur’an or copied from other sources can be disproved by the single historical fact that he was illiterate.Allah testifies Himself in the Qur’an in Surah Al-Ankabut : “And thou was not (able) to recite a Book before this (Book came), nor art thou (able) to transcribe it with thy right hand: in that case, indeed, would the talkers of vanities have doubted.” [Al-Ankaboot 29:48]Allah (swt) knew that many would doubt the authenticity of the Qur’an and would ascribe it to Prophet Muhummad (pbuh). Therefore Allah in His Divine Wisdom chose the last and final Messenger to be an ‘Ummi’, i.e. unlettered, so that the talkers of vanity would not then have the slightest justification to doubt the Prophet. The accusation of his enemies that he had copied the Qur’an from other sources and rehashed it all in a beautiful language might have carried some weight, but even this flimsy pretence has been deprived to the unbeliever and the cynic. Allah reconfirms in the Qur’an: “Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered Prophet, whom they find mentioned in their own (Scriptures) in the Law and the Gospel….” (Al A’raf  7:157) The prophecy of coming of the unlettered Prophet (pbuh) is also mentioned in the Bible in the book of Isaiah chapter 29 verse 12. “And the book is delivered to him that is not learned.” [Isaiah 29:12] The Qur’an testifies in no less than four different places that the Prophet (pbuh) was illiterate. It is also mentioned in the Qur’an 2. He it is Who sent among the unlettered ones a Messenger (Muhammad ) from among themselves, reciting to them His Verses, purifying them (from the filth of disbelief and polytheism), and teaching them the Book (this Qur’an, Islamic laws and Islamic jurisprudence) and Al-Hikmah (As-Sunnah: legal ways, orders, acts of worship, etc. of Prophet Muhammad ). And verily, they had been before in mainfest error;  Surah Al-Jumu’a chapter 62 verse 2. Some Pagans accused the Prophet of learning the Qur’an from a Roman Blacksmith, who was a Christian staying at the outskirts of Makkah. The Prophet very often used to go and watch him do his work. A revelation of the Qur’an was sufficient to dismiss this charge – the Qur’an:”We know indeed that they say, ‘It is a man that teaches him,’ The tongue of him they wickedly point to is notably foreign, while this is Arabic, pure and clear.” [An-Nahl 16:103] How could a person whose mother tongue was foreign and could hardly speak little but of poor broken Arabic be the source of the Qur’an which is pure, eloquent, fine Arabic? To believe that the blacksmith taught the Prophet the Qur’an is some what similar to believing that a Chinese immigrant to England, who did not know proper English, taught Shakespeare.

Was Qur’an revealed to be recited for its followers→  As the Qur’anic verse below indicates, Allah has asked Qur’an’s followers to give it’s right of recitation (to be followed). He says in the Qur’an;Those (who embraced Islam from Bani Israel) to whom We gave the book [the Taurat (Torah)] [or those (Muhammad’s companions) to whom We have given the book (the Qur’an)] recite it (i.e. obey its orders and follow its teachings) as it should be recited (i.e. followed), they are the ones who believe therein. And whoso disbelieve in it (the Qur’an), those are they who are the losers. (Tafsir Al-Qurtubi).  (Surah Al-Baqarah; 121)

Wear good cloths during prayer times- O Children of Adam! Take your adornment (by wearing your clean clothes), while praying and going round (the Tawaf of ) the Ka’bah, and eat and drink but waste not by extravagance, certainly He (Allah likes not Al-Musrifun (those who waste by extravagance). (Surah al-Araf;  31).

Weather patterns – The Art in Design (and the Design in Art) → “Do you not see that Allah sends down rain from the sky and makes it flow as springs [and rivers] in the earth; then He produces thereby crops of varying colours; then they dry and you see them turned yellow; then He makes them [scattered] debris. Indeed in that is a reminder for those of understanding.” (Qur’an, 39;21)”And it is He who sends the winds as good tidings before His mercy until, when they have carried heavy rainclouds, We drive them to a dead land and We send down rain therein and bring forth thereby [some] of all the fruits. Thus will We bring forth the dead; perhaps you may be reminded.” (7;57)”It is Allah who sends the winds, and they stir the clouds and spread them in the sky however He wills, and He makes them fragments so you see the rain emerge from within them. And when He causes it to fall upon whom He wills of His servants, immediately they rejoice.” (30;48) “It is He who shows you lightening, [causing] fear and aspiration, and generates the heavy clouds.” (13;12) By reading these verses it should at the very least make you aware of Islam’s harmonious core. Living as socially responsible and exemplary human beings is one of the Islamic commands of God. SNV

Were the chapters and verses (surahs and ayat) in the Qur’an ordered by way of revelation or by way of ijtihad? The orders of the suwar and verses was done by revelation from Allah (SWT) The proof is that when the verse; “And be afraid of the Day when you shall be brought back to Allah ” (Surah Al-Baqarah; 281) was revealed, Angel jibreel said to the Prophet, “Put it after the two hundred and eightieth verse of al-Baqarah.

Were Warners Sent to All Mankind Before Muhammad (PBUH)? Yes, Allah (SWT) had sent warners to every people. And for every Ummah (a community or a nation), there is a Messenger; when their Messenger comes, the matter will be judged between them with justice, and they will not be wronged. (Surah Yunus; 47) And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming); “Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taghut (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Taghut besides Allah.” Then of them were some whom Allah guided and of them were some upon whom the straying was justified. So travel through the land and see what was the end of those who denied (the truth). (Surah an-Nahl; 36), Verily! We have sent you with the truth, a bearer of glad tidings, and a warner. And there never was a nation but a warner had passed among them . (Surah al-Fatir; 24) But We created generations [after generations i.e. after Musa (Moses)], and long were the ages that passed over them. And you (O Muhammad) were not a dweller among the people of Madyan (Midian), reciting Our Verses to them. But it is We Who kept sending (Messengers). (Surah al-Qasas; 45).

What a Muslim should do when Divine Commandment are derided? And it has already been revealed to you in the Book (this Qur’an) that when you hear the Verses of Allah being denied and mocked at, then sit not with them, until they engage in a talk other than that; (but if you stayed with them) certainly in that case you would be like them. Surely, Allah will collect the hypocrites and disbelievers all together in Hell,  (Surah an-Nisaa; 140).

What about intestines? In Qur’an, Allah (SWT) the Almighty says about the torment of hell fire; “(Are these) like those who shall dwell for ever in the Fire, and be given, to drink, boiling water, so that it cuts up their bowels?” (Surah Muhammad; 15) The Holy Qur’an threatens the unbelievers of hot water that tears their bowels. The reasoning underlying this threat has recently become evident.  It has been discovered that intestines are not affected with heat. But if they are cut, hot water therein comes out into the peritoneum which is fed through the wall nerves feeding the skin, and the muscles of chest and abdomen.  These nerves are affected with touch or heat, so the hot water, after intestines are cut, causes the highest degrees of pain. So the outer torment felt in the skin, is different from that felt in the inner intestines, due to the difference in the nature of skin structure.  The feeling of former torment cannot be maintained unless the roasted skin is exchanged with a new layer, while in the case of intestines, torment is felt only by cutting the intestines with hot water.  Torment is yet continuous; “36. But those who disbelieve, (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism) for them will be the Fire of Hell. Neither it will have a complete killing effect on them so that they die, nor shall its torment be lightened for them. Thus do We requite every disbeliever!.” (Surah al-Fatir or Al-Mala’ikah; 36) Thus the Qur’anic scientific miracles are crystallized.  Feeling of pain as perceived in medical facts are very much compatible with the statements of the Holy Qur’an..These facts show the miraculous scientific nature of the Ever-Glorious Qur’an which related these facts to mankind a long time before modern science was able to give any information about them.

What about the hijran mahjura? Hijr or hajr means “prohibition and restriction”. The mind is described as “hijr” because it prevents one from doing what ought not to be done. Allah (SWT)  says; “There is indeed in them (oaths mentioned above) sufficient proofs for men of hijr (understanding).” (Surah al-Fajr; 5) A fool is usually prohibited by the judge from disposing of his wealth, for it is in hijr or hajr, the latter being preferable.

What according to the Qur’an is the root cause of the evil? According to Christianity, “Alcohol is for people who are DYING, for those who are in MISERY. Let them drink and FORGET their poverty and unhappiness.” (From the “Good News Bible In Today’s English”) (PROVERBS 31:6-7) Jesus consecrated himself to God and therefore abstained from alcoholic drinks according to the instructions recorded in Numbers 6:1-4: “And the Lord said to Moses,  2 ‘Say to the people of Israel, When either a man or a woman makes a special vow, the vow of the Nazirite, ( That is one separated or one consecrated) to separate himself to the Lord, 3 he shall separate himself from wine and strong drink; he shall drink no vinegar made from wine or strong drink, and shall not drink any juice of grapes or eat grapes, fresh or dried. 4 A11 the days of his separation he shall eat nothing that is produced by the grapevine, not even the seeds or the skins.” As to the ‘miracle of turning water into wine’, (John 2:1-11). In the early days of Islam the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  was questioned regarding the permissibility of gambling and alcohol. The first Quranic verse to deal with alcohol was revealed in Makkah before the hijra. “And from the fruit of the date-palm and the vine ye get out wholesome drink and food: behold in this also is a Sign for those who are wise.” (Surah an-Nahl; 67)  After this verse, some Muslims started to wonder about the correctness of taking khamr. Revealed in Madinah a few years later, was this verse: “They ask thee concerning wine and gambling, say: “In them is great sin, and some profit, for men; but the sin is greater than the profit…” (Surah Al-Baqarah; 219)  Most Muslims continued to drink but some began to abstain or reduce their intake. The third mention of alcohol by Allah (SWT) in the Qur’an occurred as follows: “O ye who believe! Approach not prayers with a mind befogged, until ye can understand all that ye say, …” (Surah an-Nisaa; 43): “O you who believe! Intoxicants (all kinds of alcoholic drinks), gambling, Al-Ansab, and Al-Azlam (arrows for seeking luck or decision) are an abomination of Shaitan’s (Satan) handiwork. So avoid (strictly all) that (abomination) in order that you may be successful . Shaitan (Satan) wants only to excite enmity and hatred between you with intoxicants (alcoholic drinks) and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah and from As-Salat (the prayer). So, will you not then abstain? ” (Surah al-Maidah; 90-91)  These verses are the ones that declared total prohibition of alcohol to the Muslims. After this verse was revealed, the Muslim citizens of Medina immediately began to spill their stocks of wine into the sand and streets; so that the wine ran through the streets of Medina. Individuals, who up till that moment were enjoying guiltlessly a glass of wine, quickly emptied their cups on the ground and spit out the alcohol from their mouths. They rushed to make ablutions in order to purify themselves. Recent studies have shown that drinking alcohol can in fact cause permanent damage to memory and learning ability.. Gambling has unfortunately become an acceptable practice in Muslim Society due to its wide scale promotion by the media. A large number of good Muslims are also caught in the web, not realizing that they are gambling and that the earnings from the gambling are haraam. Every transaction in which gain and loss is obscure is known as Qimaar’ and ‘Maisar’ in the Shar’iah terminology, and as ‘Juwa’ in the Urdu language. For instance, if two people compete in a race with the following conditions, that if you surpass me, then I will give you a thousand pounds and if I surpass you then you will have to give me a thousand pounds. Or if someone says, ‘If it rains today you will have to give me a thousand pounds and if it does not rain then I will give you a thousand pounds.’ Likewise if some packed boxes are being sold for a fixed price, for example four pounds per box and some of the boxes have contents with a value of five pounds with others containing a value of two pounds, then the purchase of these boxes will be Qimaar. Because of the obscurity of the gain and loss. There are numerous methods of gambling and in every age and region, gambling has been played in different forms and methods. Before the advent of Islam, gambling was not only customary but also taken to be a cause of pride, nobility and honor. For excessive show of pride, these people would distribute their share of the winnings amongst the poor…

What according to the Qur’an, leads to hell fire? Qur’an mentions that shirk leads to hell fire, ‘They do blaspheme who say; ‘Allah  is Christ the son Of Mary.’ But said Christ; ‘O Children of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord And your Lord’. Whoever joins other gods with Allah – Allah will forbid him The Garden, and the fire will be his abode. There will for the wrongdoers be no one to help.’ (Surah Al-Maidah; 72).

What Adam taught his wife and offspring as the first prophet of God? Adam and Eve left Paradise and began their life on earth. God had prepared them in many ways. He gave them the experience of struggling against the whisperings and schemes of Satan. He taught Adam the names of everything and instructed him in its properties and usefulness. Adam took up his position as caretaker of the earth and Prophet of God. Adam, the first Prophet of God was responsible for teaching his wife and offspring how to worship God and seek His forgiveness. Adam established the laws of God and set about trying to support his family and learning to subdue and care for the earth. His task was to perpetuate, cultivate, construct and populate; he was to raise children who would live according to God’s instructions and care for and improve the earth. Adam had lost both his first and second born sons. One had been murdered; the other was won over by mankind’s greatest enemy – Satan. Patiently, Adam prayed for his son, and continued to care for the earth. He taught his many children and grandchildren about God. He told them of his own encounter with Satan and advised them to beware of Satan’s tricks and schemes. Years and years passed, and Adam grew old and his children spread out across the earth. Before his death Adam reminded his children that God would never leave them alone or without guidance. He told them God would send other Prophets with unique names, traits and miracles, but they would all call to the same thing – the worship of the One True God. Adam appointed as his successor his son Seth..

What Allah (SWT) says about Fahishah (illegal sexual intercourse etc.) And those who, when they have committed Fahishah (illegal sexual intercourse etc.) or wronged themselves with evil, remember Allah and ask forgiveness for their sins; – and none can forgive sins but Allah – And do not persist in what (wrong) they have done, while they know.  (Surah Ale-Imran; 135) And when they commit a Fahisha (evil deed, going round the Ka’bah in naked state, every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, etc.), they say; “We found our fathers doing it, and Allah has commanded us of it.” Say; “Nay, Allah never commands of Fahisha. Do you say of Allah what you know not? (Surah al-Araf;  28).

What Allah (SWT) says about Ibrahim (AS) in the Qur’an? Verily, Ibrahim (Abraham) was an Ummah (a leader having all the good righteous qualities), or a nation, obedient to Allah, Hanifa (i.e. to worship none but Allah), and he was not one of those who were Al-Mushrikun (polytheists, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, and those who joined partners with Allah). (Surah An-Nahl;120) Indeed there has been an excellent example for you in Ibrahim (Abraham) and those with him, when they said to their people; “Verily, we are free from you and whatever you worship besides Allah, we have rejected you, and there has started between us and you, hostility and hatred for ever, until you believe in Allah Alone,” except the saying of Ibrahim (Abraham) to his father; “Verily, I will ask for forgiveness (from Allah) for you, but I have no power to do anything for you before Allah .” Our Lord! In You (Alone) we put our trust, and to You (Alone) we turn in repentance, and to You (Alone) is (our) final Return, (Surah Al-Mumtahinah;4) Then, We have inspired you (O Muhammad  saying); “Follow the religion of Ibrahim (Abraham) Hanifa (Islamic Monotheism – to worship none but Allah) and he was not of the Mushrikun (polytheists, idolaters, disbelievers, etc.). (Surah An-Nahl;123 ) And mention in the Book (the Qur’an) Ibrahim (Abraham). Verily! He was a man of truth, a Prophet. (Surah Maryam;41) And indeed We bestowed aforetime on Ibrahim (Abraham) his (portion of) guidance, and We were Well-Acquainted with him (as to his Belief in the Oneness of Allah, etc.). Surah Al-Anbiyah;51) Salamun (peace) be upon Ibrahim (Abraham)!” ( Surah As-Saffaat;109).

What Allah (SWT) says about Ibrahim (AS) in the Qur’an? Verily, Ibrahim (Abraham) was an Ummah (a leader having all the good righteous qualities), or a nation, obedient to Allah, Hanifa (i.e. to worship none but Allah), and he was not one of those who were Al-Mushrikun (polytheists, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, and those who joined partners with Allah). (Surah An-Nahl; 120) Indeed there has been an excellent example for you in Ibrahim (Abraham) and those with him, when they said to their people; “Verily, we are free from you and whatever you worship besides Allah, we have rejected you, and there has started between us and you, hostility and hatred for ever, until you believe in Allah Alone,” except the saying of Ibrahim (Abraham) to his father; “Verily, I will ask for forgiveness (from Allah) for you, but I have no power to do anything for you before Allah .” Our Lord! In You (Alone) we put our trust, and to You (Alone) we turn in repentance, and to You (Alone) is (our) final Return, (Surah Al-Mumtahinah; 4) Then, We have inspired you (O Muhammad  saying); “Follow the religion of Ibrahim (Abraham) Hanifa (Islamic Monotheism – to worship none but Allah) and he was not of the Mushrikun (polytheists, idolaters, disbelievers, etc.). (Surah An-Nahl; 123. ) And mention in the Book (the Qur’an) Ibrahim (Abraham). Verily! He was a man of truth, a Prophet. (Surah Maryam; 41) And indeed We bestowed aforetime on Ibrahim (Abraham) his (portion of) guidance, and We were Well-Acquainted with him (as to his Belief in the Oneness of Allah, etc.). (Surah Al-Anbiyah; 51) Salamun (peace) be upon Ibrahim (Abraham)!” ( Surah As-Saffaat; 109).

What Allah (SWT) says about rebellious people who oppose Him and His messenger? But when He delivered them, behold! They rebel (disobey Allah in the earth wrongfully. O mankind! Your rebellion (disobedience to Allah is only against your ownselves, – a brief enjoyment of this worldly life, then (in the end) unto Us is your return, and We shall inform you that which you used to do. (Surah Yunus; 23) Those who oppose Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH), they will be among the lowest (most humiliated). (Surah al-Majaddala; 20)  And Nuh’s (Nuh) people, when they denied the Messengers We drowned them, and We made them as a sign for mankind. And We have prepared a painful torment for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc). (Surah al-Furqan;  37)  So it tasted the evil result of its disbelief, and the consequence of its disbelief was loss (destruction in this life and an eternal punishment in the Hereafter). (Surah at-Talaaq;  9) Is he whose breast Allah has opened to Islam, so that he is in light from His Lord (as he who is non-Muslim)? So, woe to those whose hearts are hardened against remembrance of Allah! They are in plain error! (Surah al-Zumr; 22) And be not like those who forgot Allah (i.e. became disobedient to Allah and He caused them to forget their own selves, (let them to forget to do righteous deeds). Those are the Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah. (Surah al-Hashr; 19).

What Allah (SWT) says about the concept of migration? 41. And as for those who emigrated for the Cause of Allah, after suffering oppression, We will certainly give them goodly residence in this world, but indeed the reward of the Hereafter will be greater, if they but knew! (Surah An-Nahl; 41) 97. Verily! As for those whom the angels take (in death) while they are wronging themselves (as they stayed among the disbelievers even though emigration was obligatory for them), they (angels) say (to them); “In what (condition) were you?” They reply; “We were weak and oppressed on earth.” They (angels) say; “Was not the earth of Allah spacious enough for you to emigrate therein?” Such men will find their abode in Hell – What an evil destination! (Surah An-Nisaa’; 97) 218. Verily, those who have believed, and those who have emigrated (for Allah’s Religion) and have striven hard in the Way of Allah, all these hope for Allah’s Mercy. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most-Merciful. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 218) 110. Then, verily! Your Lord for those who emigrated after they had been put to trials and thereafter strove hard and fought (for the Cause of Allah) and were patient, verily, your Lord afterward is, Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah An-Nahl; 110) 72. Verily, those who believed, and emigrated and strove hard and fought with their property and their lives in the Cause of Allah as well as those who gave (them) asylum and help, – these are (all) allies to one another. And as to those who believed but did not emigrate (to you O Muhammad ), you owe no duty of protection to them until they emigrate , but if they seek your help in religion, it is your duty to help them except against a people with whom you have a treaty of mutual alliance, and Allah is the All-Seer of what you do. (Surah Al-Anfal; 72 ) 74.  And those who believed, and emigrated and strove hard in the Cause of Allah (Al-Jihad), as well as those who gave (them) asylum and aid; – these are the believers in truth, for them is forgiveness and Rizqun Karim (a generous provision i.e. Paradise).75. And those who believed afterwards, and emigrated and strove hard along with you, (in the Cause of Allah) they are of you. But kindred by blood are nearer to one another regarding inheritance in the decree ordained by Allah. Verily, Allah is the All-Knower of everything. (Surah Al-Anfal; 74-75) 58. Those who emigrated in the Cause of Allah and after that were killed or died, surely, Allah will provide a good provision for them. And verily, it is Allah Who indeed is the Best of those who make provision. (Surah Al-Hajj ;58)20. Those who believed (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism) and emigrated and strove hard and fought in Allah’s Cause with their wealth and their lives are far higher in degree with Allah. They are the successful. (Surah At-Taubah; 20) 195. So their Lord accepted of them (their supplication and answered them), “Never will I allow to be lost the work of any of you, be he male or female. You are (members) one of another, so those who emigrated and were driven out from their homes, and suffered harm in My Cause, and who fought, and were killed (in My Cause), verily, I will remit from them their evil deeds and admit them into Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise); a reward from Allah, and with Allah is the best of rewards.” (Surah Ale-Imran; 195).

What Allah (SWT) says about the Deep Seas and Internal Waves which is mentioned in the Qur’an? The Holy Qur’an mentions precise information about the layers of darkness in the deep sea. It refers to the causes underlying their formation and their arrangement atop each other. Man could not know of these layers of darkness until after 1930 AD. The Qur’an informs us of the existence of internal waves in the seas, a fact unknown to people before 1900 AD. It informs us that the internal waves cover the deep sea, a fact discovered only after the invention and use of submarines in the thirties of the twentieth century. The Qur’an also discloses the role of the surface waves and internal waves in creating the layers of darkness in the deep sea, a matter known only with the scientific advances in the later centuries. It is now scientifically proven that the bottoms of seas and oceans are extremely dark, because their depths extend hundreds of meters below. Sunrays can never reach such depth. Each wave acts as a filter causing the gradual disappearance of a certain light spectrum. For example, red light is excluded at about 30 meters, green at approximately 100 meters and blue at about 200 meters of depth. This continues to ultimate darkness at deeper sections of the ocean where fish could not see anything if there were no source of light within their own bodies. The Glorious Qur’an describes the darkness in the bottom of deep as; “40. Or [the state of a disbeliever] is like the darkness in a vast deep sea, overwhelmed with a great wave topped by a great wave, topped by dark clouds, darkness, one above another, if a man stretches out his hand, he can hardly see it! And he for whom Allah has not appointed light, for him there is no light. (Surah An-Nur; 40). In the above ayah, waves and clouds are also mentioned to emphasize the degree of darkness associated with the status of unbelievers, as clouds cause absorption, and waves cause reflection of light before it can reach the surface of an ocean. This verse mentions the darkness found in deep seas and oceans, where if a man stretches out his hand, he cannot see it.  The darkness in deep seas and oceans is found around a depth of 200 meters and below.  At this depth, there is almost no light.  Below a depth of 1000 meters there is no light at all.  Human beings are not able to dive more than forty meters without the aid of submarines or special equipment.  Human beings cannot survive unaided in the deep dark part of the oceans, such as at a depth of 200 meters. Scientists have recently discovered this darkness by means of special equipment and submarines that have enabled them to dive into the depths of the oceans. We can also understand from the following sentences in the previous verse, “… in a deep sea.  It is covered by waves, above which are waves, above which are clouds….”, that the deep waters of seas and oceans are covered by waves, and above these waves are other waves. These waves may have different characteristics, such as salinity, density, temperature, marine biology, and so on; and they may move relative to one another. It is clear that the second set of waves is the surface waves that we see, because the verse mentions that above the second waves there are clouds.  Scientists have recently discovered that there are internal waves which “occur on density interfaces between layers of different densities.” The internal waves cover the deep waters of seas and oceans because the deep waters have a higher density than the waters above them.  Internal waves act like surface waves.  They can also break, just like surface waves.  Internal waves cannot be seen by the human eye, but they can be detected by studying temperature or salinity changes at a given location. The above-mentioned pieces of information and knowledge were not discovered by man expect after he had invented such instruments of scientific research as enabled him to reach these depths and study these phenomena, and after a long period of research extending for three centuries during which hundreds of researchers and investigators worked hard to discover these facts. There is no light in the sea at 200 meters and below. Who then informed Muhammad (PBUH) of these secrets of the deep sea at a time when the means of scientific research were non-existent, and superstitions and myths were prevalent worldwide, particularly, in the marine field!.  How did these precise secrets reach this illiterate man, who lived among an illiterate nation and a desert environment, and who never sailed the sea throughout his life? How could Muhammad (SA), know these twentieth century scientific discoveries over fourteen hundred years ago?.

What Allah (swt) speaks about the loses of the battle of Uhad in the Qur’an? 153. O you who believe! Seek help in patience and As-Salat (the prayer). Truly! Allah is with As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.). 154. And say not of those who are killed in the Way of Allah, “They are dead.” Nay, they are living, but you perceive (it) not. 155. And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.).  (Surah Al-Baqarah; 153-155)

What Allah revealed to Muhammad at the battle field of Bader? (Remember) when your Lord inspired the angels, “Verily, I am with you, so keep firm those who have believed. I will cast terror into the hearts of those who have disbelieved, so strike them over the necks, and smite over all their fingers and toes. You killed them not, but Allah killed them. And you (Muhammad ) threw not when you did throw but Allah threw, that He might test the believers by a fair trial from Him. Verily, Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower. (Surah Al-Anfal; 12-17). When the Prophet saw that God had fulfilled His promise and given the Muslims victory, he returned to his booth. The Quraysh were not only withdrawing but running away, and the Muslims were pressing after them to capture those of them whom they did not kill on the battlefield.

What are Allah’s Names and Attributes? The Qur’an calls upon Muslims to remember Allah, the One True Almighty God, and to call only upon Him for guidance and help. In the Qur’an, Allah describes Himself to us; the Compassionate, the Merciful, the Loving, and the Just. There are dozens of such “names,” or attributes, to describe the One True Almighty God in terms that we can understand. In the Qur’an says; “Allah is He, other than Whom there is no other god. Who knows all things, both secret and open. He, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. Allah is He, other than Whom there is no other god. The Sovereign, the Holy One, the Source of Peace, the Guardian of Faith, the Preserver of Safety, the Exalted in Might, the Irresistible, the justly Proud. Glory to Allah! High is He above the partners they attribute to Him. He is Allah, the Creator, the Originator, the Fashioner.To Him belong the Most Beautiful Names. Whatever is in the heavens and on earth declare His Praises and Glory. And He is Exalted in Might, the Wise.” (Surah al-Hashr; 22-24).  To fully understand the depth and meaning of all of these beautiful names, one really needs to ponder and think about them. For example, Allah is the All-Hearer (Al-Basir). Think about it – Allah  hears everything, from the buzz of a mosquito’s wings, to the rustle of the wind. Every conversation spoken, every thought that you keep to yourself. Language is no barrier, for Allah understands all. To truly ponder on the majesty of Allah makes one humble. This is what Allah  calls us to do – to understand Him through His attributes and names, realize His Omnipotence and Majesty, call upon Him, and humble ourselves to Him.. We must not name or qualify Allah except with what He or His Messenger (PBUH) has named or qualified Him. None can be named or qualified with the Names or Attributes of Allah. We must believe in all the Attributes of Allah which Allah has stated in His Book (the Qur’an) or mentioned through His Messenger Muhammad (PBUH) without ‘changing their meaning or ignoring them or twisting their meanings or likening them (giving resemblance) to any of the created things. Allah says; “He (Allah) knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them (in the Hereafter) but they will never compass anything of His Knowledge}. (Ta-Ha, 110) Allah says; “There is nothing like Him,. and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer}. (Surah As-Shura; 11) Allah  says; “No vision can grasp Him, but He grasps all vision. He is Al-Latif (the Most Subtle and Courteous), Well Acquainted with all things}. (Surah Al-An’am; 103)

What are the acts which are a key for forgiveness and to paradise? People who forgive the faults and errors of others – Allah (SWT), the Exalted mentions in the Qur’an; “And march forth toward forgiveness from your Lord, and for Paradise as wide as are the heavens and the earth, prepared for the pious. Those who spend (in the way of God) in prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger, and who pardon people; verily, God loves the doers of the good deeds.” (Surah Ale-Imran; 133)

What are the basic elements in the human body? clay & water ! ? The Qur’an instructs Muslims to  think deeply about the creation of the heavens and the earth. Allah  says ; 191. Those who remember Allah (always, and in prayers) standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides, and think deeply about the creation of the heavens and the earth, (saying): “Our Lord! You have not created (all) this without purpose, glory to You! (Exalted be You above all that they associate with You as partners). Give us salvation from the torment of the Fire.,” (Surah Ale-Imran; 191)  In the Qur’an, Allah reveals that the creation of man is a miracle. The first human being was created by Allah shaping clay into a human form and then breathing a soul into it, Allah (SWT) says in Qur’an ; ( Your Lord said to the angels, “I am going to create a human being out of clay. When I have formed him and breathed My Spirit into him, fall down in prostration to him!”)  (Surah Sad;71-72) and also says ;  ” Then inquire of them; Is it they who are stronger in structure or other things We have created? We created them from sticky clay ” (Surah As-Saffat; 11)   When the human body is examined today, many elements present on the earth are also discovered to be found in the human body. Living tissues contain 95% carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus and sulphur, with a total of 26 different elements.91 In another verse of the Qur’an we are told;  “We created man from an extract of clay” (Surah Al-Muminun; 12) And indeed, We created man from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud (Surah Al-Hijr; 26) And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels; “I am going to create a man (Adam) from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud (Surah Al-Hijr; 28) He created man (Adam) from sounding clay like the clay of pottery. (Surah Ar-Rahman; 14) And indeed We created man (Adam) out of an extract of clay (water and earth). (Surah Al-Mu’minun; 12) The Arabic word “sulala,” translated as “extract” in the verse, means “representative example, essence.” As we have seen, the information revealed in the Qur’an 1,430 years ago confirms what modern science tells us-the fact that the same elements as those found in the soil are employed in the human creation. As we notice above water forms the main component of the human being and any other being . Allah (SWT) says  ; ” Allah created every [living] creature from water. Some of them go on their bellies, some of them on two legs, and some on four. Allah creates whatever He wills. Allah has power over all things”  (Surah An-Nur; 45) ” and  We made from water every living thing? So will they not believe?”  (Surah Al-Anbiyaa; 30) “And it is He Who created human beings from water and then gave them relations by blood and marriage. Your Lord is All-Powerful” (Surah Al-Furqan; 54). When we look at the verses concerned with the creation of human beings and living things, we clearly see evidence of a miracle. One such miracle is of the creation of living things from water. It was only possible for people to come across that information, clearly expressed in those verses, hundreds of years afterwards with the invention of the microscope. All life forms need water in order to survive. Animals in dry regions, therefore, have been created with mechanisms to protect their metabolisms from water loss and to ensure maximum benefit from water use. If water loss takes place in the body for any reason, and if that loss is not replaced, death will result in a few days. The famous 17th century scientist Jan Baptista van Helmond discovered in 1640s that water in the soil was the most important element of plant development.  Indeed, many elements present in the earth are also contained in the human body. The most critical component to land-based life is the top soil; that thin layer of dark, organically rich soil in which plants spread out their roots. It is in this thin, vital layer of soil that microorganisms convert raw resources, the minerals that constitute the basic clay of this topsoil, and make them available to the myriad forms of life around and above them. Minerals are inorganic elements that originate in the earth which the body cannot make. They play important roles in various bodily functions and are necessary to sustain life and maintain optimal health, and thus are essential nutrients. These minerals cannot be manmade; they cannot be produced in a laboratory nor can they be manufactured in a factory With cells consisting of 65-90% water by weight, water, or H2O, makes up most of the human body. Therefore most of a human body’s mass is oxygen. Carbon, the basic unit for organic molecules, comes in second. 99% of the mass of the human body is made up of just six elements; oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, calcium, and phosphorus. The human body contains trace amounts of almost every mineral on earth; including sulphur, potassium, zinc, copper, iron, aluminum, molybdenum, chromium, platinum, boron, silicon selenium, molybdenum, fluorine, chlorine, iodine, manganese, cobalt, lithium, strontium, aluminum, lead, vanadium, arsenic, bromine and more.[3] Without these minerals, vitamins may have little or no effect. Minerals are catalysts, triggers for thousands of essential enzyme reactions in the body. Trace elements play a key role in the functioning of a healthy human being. It is known that insufficient iodine will induce a disease of the thyroid gland and a deficiency of cobalt will leave us without vitamin B12, and thus unable to manufacture red blood cells. snv.

What are the basic moral values and the fundamental characteristics of a Muslim in Islam? The most fundamental characteristics of a Muslim are piety, humility, modesty, control of passions and desires, truthfulness, integrity, patience, steadfastness, and fulfilling one’s promises are moral values which are emphasized again and again in the Qur’an.  “Be quick in the race for forgiveness from your Lord, and for a Garden (paradise) whose width is that of the heavens and of the earth, prepared for the righteous – Those who spend (freely), whether in prosperity or in adversity, who restrain (their) anger and pardon (all) men – for God loves those who do good.” (Surah Ale-Imran;133-134) A Muslim must be humble with Allah (SWT) and with other people;  “And turn not your face away from men with pride, nor walk in insolence through the earth. Verily, Allah likes not each arrogant boaster. “And be moderate (or show no insolence) in your walking, and lower your voice. Verily, the harshest of all voices is the voice (braying) of the ass.” (Surah Luqman;18-19). snv.

What are the basic requirements of in-depth study of the Qur’an? For deep understanding of the Qur’an, comprehensive knowledge of Arabic is necessary. The person should be fond of Arabic literature. He should try for in-depth study of Islamic history, pre-Islamic history of Arab and biography of Muhammad (PBUH). If one tries, God will open the door and the understanding of the Qur’an will become easier. 24. Do they not then think deeply in the Qur’an, or are their hearts locked up (from understanding it)? (Surah Muhammad; 24).

What are the Benefits of Patience mentioned in the Qur’an? Patience is mentioned frequently in the Qur’an. God is aware that patience is an essential element in maintaining a steady and balanced pace in the face of the inevitable hardships and adversities of life. It is a prime requirement for the Muslim community in its universal responsibility for establishing God’s order on earth. “153. O you who believe! Seek help in patience and As-Salat (the prayer). Truly! Allah is with As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.). (Surah Al-Baqarah;153) Patience is enjoyed upon the Believers. And endure patiently, your patience is not but from Allah. (Surah An-Nahl;127) So wait patiently for the Decision of your Lord, for verily, you are under Our Eyes. (Surah At-Tur;48) So wait with patience for the Decision of your Lord, and be not like the Companion of the Fish – when he cried out (to Us) while he was in deep sorrow. (Surah Al-Qalam; 48) Patience is made a condition of success and prosperity; O you who believe! Endure and be more patient, and guard your territory by stationing army units permanently at the places from where the enemy can attack you, and fear Allah, so that you may be successful. (Surah Ale-Imran;200) The reward of those who exercise patience is doubled. These will be given their reward twice over, because they are patient, and repel evil with good, and spend out of what We have provided them. (Surah Al-Qasas;54) Only those who are patient shall receive their reward in full, without reckoning. (Surah Az-Zumar;10) Patience and emaan are pre-requisites for leadership in religion.  And We made from among them (Children of Israel), leaders, giving guidance under Our Command, when they were patient and used to believe with certainty in Our Ayat. (Surah As-Sajdah;24) Patience is the way to earn the Companionship of Allah. And be patient. Surely, Allah is with those who are patient. (Surah Al-Anfal;46) Patience is required on the personal level for observing one’s religious duties, for resisting temptation, misfortune, poverty, oppression and injustice, and for carrying out one’s responsibilities towards the establishment of the Islamic way of life in society. Patience and perseverance are required to remain always on the alert; ready to give whatever sacrifice may be needed. When those who are hostile to God’s cause seem to wield power, when falsehood seems too strong, when help seems to be endlessly delayed and the destination too far away patience and perseverance are the most important qualities to have. They are also needed to face those who are deviant, erring, harsh and persistent in their opposition to the truth. When victory seems far away and the going gets really tough, people tend to lose heart and give up. To avoid that state of despair, God links patience with prayer, as an inexhaustible source of strength and energy. The two combine to infuse the heart with boundless confidence and fortitude and to impart to the believer total tranquility, happiness and inner peace. When man, weak as he is, faces a task that seems beyond his limited resources, when he faces the powers of evil, when he finds temptations and allurements very hard to resist, when tyranny and corruption are too powerful, seeking support from God Almighty is the only way forward. As the goals of one’s endeavour seem to recede and life becomes shorter and shorter, despair starts to creep into one’s heart and mind. As the twilight of one’s life approaches and all achievements seem trivial and meaningless, one realizes the value and significance of prayer. It is a spring that never ceases to flow with spiritual strength and tender compassion. God is always there to provide the believers with help and comfort, to lend them His support and replenish their sapping morale and fading enthusiasm. It is noteworthy that the verse starts by making its address exclusively to the believers, and concludes by reassuring them that patience ensures God’s help..

What are the benefits which observance of the morals of the Qur’an brings to the family? The morality of the Qur’an requires respect for the mother and the father.  Allah says in the Qur’an;We have enjoined man to be  ‘Give thanks to Me and to your parents. To Me shall all things return. (Surah Luqman, 14) In a home where the morals of the Qur’an are practiced there are no fights, quarrels or conflicts. A highly respectful attitude is displayed towards the mother, the father, and the other family members. Everyone lives in a happy and joyful environment.

What are the characteristics of prayer? Prayer is the second Pillar of Islam, and is important for many reasons. Some of these are; Worship is the purpose of man’s creation. Allah (SWT) says; Recite (O Muhammad (PBUH) what has been revealed to you of the Book (the Qur’an), and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat). Verily, As-Salat (the prayer) prevents from Al-Fahsha’ (i.e. great sins of every kind, unlawful sexual intercourse, etc.) and Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism, and every kind of evil wicked deed, etc.) and the remembering (praising, etc.) of (you by) Allah  (in front of the angels) is greater indeed [than your remembering (praising, etc.) Allah in prayers, etc.]. And Allah  knows what you do. (Surah al-Ankabut; 45).  Prayer express humility of man before Allah (SWT). Prayer is a command from Allah (SWT) Prayer is a reminder of Allah (SWT); Prayer is communication with Allah (SWT). The person praying is able to express his needs directly to Allah (SWT). In Qur’an He says; And your Lord said; “Invoke Me, [i.e. believe in My Oneness (Islamic Monotheism)] (and ask Me for anything) I will respond to your (invocation). Verily! Those who scorn My worship [i.e. do not invoke Me, and do not believe in My Oneness, (Islamic Monotheism)] they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!” (Surah Ghafir or Al-Mu’min;  60) And remembers (glorifies) the Name of his Lord (worships none but Allah, and prays (five compulsory prayers and Nawafil additional prayers). (Surah Al-A’la; 15) And remember the Name of your Lord every morning and afternoon [i.e. offering of the Morning (Fajr), Zuhr, and ‘Asr prayers]. And during night, prostrate yourself to Him (i.e. the offering of Maghrib and ‘Isha’ prayers), and glorify Him a long night through (i.e. Tahajjud prayer). (Surah Al-Insan; 25-26)  So be patient (O Muhammad (PBUH). Verily, the Promise of Allah is true, and ask forgiveness for your fault, and glorify the praises of your Lord in the Ashi(i.e. the time period after the midnoon till sunset) and in the Ibkar (i.e. the time period from early morning or sunrise till before midnoon) [it is said that, that means the five compulsory congregational Salat (prayers) or the ‘Asr and Fajr prayers]. (Surah Ghafir or Al-Mu’min; 55) Guard strictly (five obligatory) As-Salawat (the prayers) especially the middle Salat (i.e. the best prayer – ‘Asr). And stand before Allah with obedience [and do not speak to others during the Salat (prayers)]. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 238) 110. And perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and give Zakat, and whatever of good (deeds that Allah loves) you send forth for yourselves before you, you shall find it with Allah. Certainly, Allah is All-Seer of what you do. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 110) Prayer therefore brings a Muslim close to Allah (SWT), and he feels hopeful that Allah (SWT)  will help him to face and overcome all the difficulties that may trouble him. Prayers strengthen Islamic brotherhood. It is strongly recommended that Muslim should pray in groups, whether at home with the family, or in a mosque, or anywhere else where Muslims find themselves together at the time of prayer. The act of praying together increases the feeling of brotherhood among Muslims. In the prayer Muslim pray for Allah‘s guidance and blessing and peace on each other, and so their love for each other is increased. They become kinder to each other and more helpful. Prayers teach punctuality, cooperation and discipline. When prayer isdue, there should be no delay in going to pray. Other activities must stop because of prayer, A Muslim also has to get up early because the first prayer is at dawn. In this way he learns not to be lazy but dothings at their right time.The arrangement of prayer in group is a lesson in cooperation, orderliness and discipline. The value and role of prayer lie in its being the direct link between God and man. It is the means by which man, an insignificant mortal, draws strength, reassurance and help from God’s infinite power and everlasting mercy. It is the source from which man, a frail creature, replenishes his energy and renews his power and strength to face and resist his own inner temptations and prejudices, as well as the temptations and pressures of the world around him. It is the key to the treasures of God’s grace, and the fountain of light which illuminates man’s heart with inner peace and tranquility and leads him through the darkness of doubt and confusion to the certainty of faith and trust in God Almighty. It is an occasion for rest, serenity and peace of mind. It is no wonder, therefore, that the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to resort to prayer whenever things became difficult to cope with. When God Almighty commissioned Muhammad for his great and historic task, He said to him; “Stand up in prayer at night, all except for a small portion of it; or half the night or a little less or a little more, and recite the Qur’an in a calm and distinct manner. We are about to address you with words of surpassing gravity” (Surah Al-Muzzammil; 2-5) Verily, your Lord knows that you do stand (to pray at night) a little less than two-thirds of the night, or half the night, or a third of the night, and so do a party of those with you, And Allah  measures the night and the day. He knows that you are unable to pray the whole night, so He has turned to you (in mercy). (Surah Al-Muzzammil;  20.)Prayer during the night and recitation of the Qur’an were the essential means of preparing Muhammad for the stupendous task of conveying God’s message to mankind. Prayer opens the human heart to hope and enlightenment, reinvigorates one’s relationship with God, mitigates the struggle for life, and provides one with inspiration and confidence..

What are the clear and obscure verses of the Qur’an? Allah states that in the Qur’an, there are Ayat that are Muhkamat, entirely clear and plain, and these are the foundations of the Book which are plain for everyone. And there are Ayat in the Qur’an that are Mutashabihat not entirely clear for many, or some people. So those who refer to the Muhkam Ayat to understand the Mutashabih Ayat, will have acquired the correct guidance, and vice versa. Allah said in the Qur’an; Allah is the One Who has sent down to the Prophet the Book that contains muhkamat ayat, which are the foundation of the Book, and other ayat which are mutashabihat. (Surah Ale-Imran; 7) The Muhkamat are the Ayat that explain the abrogating rulings, the allowed, prohibited, laws, limits, obligations and rulings that should be believed in and implemented. As for the Mutashabihat Ayat, they include the abrogated Ayat, parables, oaths, and what should be believed in, but not implemented..

What are the conditions for marrying more than one wife? And if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphan-girls, then marry (other) women of your choice, two or three, or four but if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one or (the captives and the slaves) that your right hands possess. That is nearer to prevent you from doing injustice. (Surah an-Nisaa; 3).

What are the consequences of evil-doing in Islam? And whoever earns sin, he earns it only against himself. And Allah (SWT) is Ever All-Knowing, All-Wise. (Surah an-Nisaa; 111) 164. Say; “Shall I seek a lord other than Allah (SWT), while He is the Lord of all things? No person earns any (sin) except against himself (only), and no bearer of burdens shall bear the burden of another. Then unto your Lord is your return, so He will tell you that wherein you have been differing.” (Surah Al-Anam; 164).

What are the dangers and punishment of Shirk Akbar? Shirk Akbar condemns one to eternal damnation in Hell-fire, as Allah (SWT) says; Surely, they have disbelieved who say; “Allah is the Messiah [‘Isa (Jesus)], son of Maryam (Mary).” But the Messiah [‘Iesa (Jesus)] said; “O Children of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.” Verily, whosoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, then Allah has forbidden Paradise for him, and the Fire will be his abode . And for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers) there are no helpers. (Surah al-Maidah; 72) The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  said; “And he who met Allah associating anything with Him entered (Hell) Fire”  (Muslim).

What are the different names used for Satan or Devil in the Qur”an? Iblees and Ash-Shaitaan. 74. Except Iblis (Satan) he was proud and was one of the disbelievers.75. (Allah) said; “O Iblis (Satan)! What prevents you from prostrating yourself to one whom I have created with Both My Hands. Are you too proud (to fall prostrate to Adam) or are you one of the high exalted?” (Surah Saad; 74-75. ) 34. And (remember) when We said to the angels; “Prostrate yourselves before Adam.”. And they prostrated except Iblis (Satan), he refused and was proud and was one of the disbelievers (disobedient to Allah). Surah Al-Baqarah; 34. ) 60. Did I not ordain for you, O Children of Adam, that you should not worship Shaitan (Satan). Verily, he is a plain enemy to you. (Surah Ya-Sin; 60) 21. O you who believe! Follow not the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan). And whosoever follows the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan), then, verily he commands Al-Fahsha’ [i.e. to commit indecency (illegal sexual intercourse, etc.)], and Al-Munkar [disbelief and polytheism (i.e. to do evil and wicked deeds; to speak or to do what is forbidden in Islam, etc.)]. And had it not been for the Grace of Allah and His Mercy on you, not one of you would ever have been pure from sins. But Allah purifies (guides to Islam) whom He wills, and Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower. (Surah An-Nur; 21).

What are the forms of worship in Islam? Salah (Prayers) Sawm (Fasting) Remembrance of Allah (SWT). The regular daily need to eat, work and sleep is linked to the daily need to renew man’s connection with Allah (SWT). With regard to regular prayer, Allah (SWT) states in the final revelation; “Verily, I am Allah, there is no God beside Me, so worship Me and establish regular prayer for My remembrance.” (Surah Ta-Ha;14) Regarding fasting, Allah (SWT) stated in the Qur’an; “O you who believe! Fasting has been prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you that you may become God-conscious.” (Surah Al-Baqarah; 183) The believers are encouraged to remember Allah (SWT) as much as possible; “O believers! Remember God often.” (Surah Al-Ahzab; 41) 28. Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism), and whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allah, Verily, in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest . (Surah Ar-Ra’d 28.) 46. Wealth and children are the adornment of the life of this world. But the good righteous deeds (five compulsory prayers, deeds of Allah’s obedience, good and nice talk, remembrance of Allah with glorification, praises and thanks, etc.), that last, are better with your Lord for rewards and better in respect of hope. (Surah Al-Kahf;  46) 35. Verily, the Muslims (those who submit to Allah in Islam) men and women, the believers men and women (who believe in Islamic Monotheism), the men and the women who are obedient (to Allah), the men and women who are truthful (in their speech and deeds), the men and the women who are patient (in performing all the duties which Allah has ordered and in abstaining from all that Allah has forbidden), the men and the women who are humble (before their Lord Allah), the men and the women who give Sadaqat (i.e. Zakat, and alms, etc.), the men and the women who observe Saum (fast) (the obligatory fasting during the month of Ramadan, and the optional Nawafil fasting), the men and the women who guard their chastity (from illegal sexual acts) and the men and the women who remember Allah much with their hearts and tongues (while sitting, standing, lying, etc. for more than 300 times extra over the remembrance of Allah during the five compulsory congregational prayers) or praying extra additional Nawafil prayers of night in the last part of night, etc.) Allah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward (i.e. Paradise). (Surah Al-Ahzab; 35).

What are the health benefits in daily five prayers?  Seek help with patience and prayer; it is indeed hard, except to those who are humble.” (Surah Al-Baqarah; 45) Prayers help release the burden of the soul and expand the chest. In prayers, which are the best deeds, the heart gets connected to Allah the Almighty. Prayers are surely a healing for the soul. It is confirmed that the Prophet, if afflicted with grief, would hurry to prayer; “Prayer forbids indecency and dishonor. Allah’s remembrance is greater; And Allah knows the things you work.” (Surah Al-Ankabut; 45) Prayers help adjust the ‘rhythm’ of the body. Modern scientific research proved that Moslems’ prayer timings correspond with that of the physiological activities of the body. Thus, prayers are considered as the orchestrator that adjusts the ‘rhythm’ of the whole body. In his book ‘Seeking cure from prayers’, Dr. Zaheer Rabeh indicates that cortisone is the hormone of activity that starts to increase acutely in the human body with the approach of dawn time, and is associated with the rise in blood pressure. Man feels greatly active after dawn prayer between 6­-9 a.m. Thus the time after prayer is considered the best time for hard work and seeking livelihood. The Prophet Mohammad was quoted saying; “O Lord, give benediction to my umma (nation) at the early morning time.” Ozone, which has an invigorating effect on the nervous system, and muscular and mental activity, reaches the highest levels in air at such a time. Contrary to this is the forenoon time (Dhuha), in which secretion of cortisone reach the minimum limits; Leading man to feel exhausted with the stress of work, and the need to have rest. This is almost after 7 hours of early get-up.  Here comes the time of noon (Zuhr) prayer, which gives complacency and quietness to the exhausted heart and body, and following which man seeks to get an hour of sleep that gives him rest and reinvigorates his activity, in what is termed as Qailulah (nap) before (Asr) (afternoon) prayer.  It has been proved that the human body at this period generally encounters a hard time, where an increase occurs in an anesthetic chemical substance secreted by the body that has the effect of tranquilizing, and incites man to sleep.  The body, after 7 hours of early wake-up, is at the lowest levels of concentration and activity.  So if man ignores sleeping at that time, much of his neuromuscular compatibility decreases all day long.  The Asr (afternoon) Prayer to reinvigorate the body once again.  Adrenalin then rises in the blood; causing activity in the body functions particularly the cardiac one.   Asr prayer has thus a great effect in preparing the heart and the body to accept this sudden state of activity, which can cause serious troubles to cardiac patients due to the sudden transfer of the heart from the inert state to the active state. Newburg, researcher of Pennsylvania University, has published a new book in the USA. In this book, Newburg found that believing in God is extremely significant to feel safe and enhance the brain’s conditions and performance and that faith causes constant changes in the manner in which the brains functions thus delaying Alzheimer’s. It also helps people adapt to their environment which leads to a better life. Faith also fights dementia that results from the sudden death of a huge number of brain cells in addition to curing Parkinson’s disease. We glorify Allah who grants us a free treatment by enjoining prayer. Allah says;  Guard strictlyYour (habit of) prayers, Especially the Middle Prayer; And stand before God In a devout (frame of mind).  ” (Surah Al-Baqarah; 238) Most of the Qur’an Commentators agreed that the middle prayer is Asr prayer. With the discovery of the increase of Adrenalin hormone at this time, the reason behind this Qur’anic remarkable command of the keep-up of Asr prayer becomes crystal clear.  Performing Asr prayer at designated time, alongside with other extra prayers, reinvigorates the heart gradually to function more effectively after an inert state.   So the rest of bodily organs and senses are in deep concentration in prayer, making it easy for the heart and the hormone to adjust the normal rhythm of the body which reaches the climax at that time. The Maghreb (sunset) prayer.  In contrary  to what happens early in the morning, Cortisone decreases and the activity of the body starts to diminish.  With the transfer from daylight into night darkness, melatonin increases encouraging relaxation and sleep, and causing laziness to the body.  Here prayer comes as a transitional station. Prayer of Isha (early night prayer) is the last station in the course of the day, wherein the body is transferred from the state of activity and mobility to a state of seeking sleep with the spread of darkness and the increase of melatonin secretion.  Therefore, it is commendable to delay Isha prayer to the time before sleep so that all man’s preoccupations are finalized, and sleep comes next. The regular secretion of melatonin is closely related to the sexual and mental maturity, which is the consequence of following a fixed programmed and a way of life.  Therefore, we find that adherence to perform prayers on time is the best way that guarantees an integral compatibility with daily activities, thus leading to highly efficient functions of human body systems. Prayer is prevention from varicose.  Legs varicose is a common dysfunction in the legs veins, which takes the shape of big and zigzag veins filled with blood of a changed color all along the lower limbs.   According to a scientific study, kneeling and prostrating while praying strengthen the abdominal, legs, and thighs muscles. Prayer postures also increase the activity of the intestines thus preventing against constipation. Kneeling and prostration also lead to lowering the blood pressure on the brain thus allowing the blood flow to get to all body parts. Allah says; O ye who believe! Bow down, prostrate yourselves, And adore your Lord; And do good; That ye may prosper.  (Surah Hajj; 77)  Dr. “Tawfiq Elwan”, a Professor in Alexandria Faculty of Medicine (Egypt), indicated that with the meticulous observation of prayer movements, it was found out that prayer is distinguished with a wonderful measure of smoothness, harmony and coordination, represented in standing, kneeling (Ruku’), prostration (Sujood) and sitting between every two prostrations. With a scientific study of the measure of pressure exerted on the walls of the saphenous vein at the ankle joint, it was found out that the great decrease in that pressure during kneeling reaches almost the half.   As for the state of Sujood, the average pressure becomes very slight.  Naturally, this decrease is a full rest to that vein, which is greatly exhausted due to the severity of pressure all along the periods of standing.  The position of Sujood helps the blood circulation work in the same direction of earth gravity, as blood which always suffers the bitter creep from the feet soles to the cardiac muscle, now pours smoothly and easily from top to bottom.  This process reduces much of the vein pressure over the feet dorsum around 80 times (from the state of standing to the state of Sujood).  Consequently, the risks of having varicose, which rarely affect those performing prayers regularly and properly, are diminished. Varicose veins in both legs Prayer for strengthening bones.  Bones pass with two consecutive stages; the stage of anabolism followed by the stage of catabolism and so on in a continuous manner. In the phase of youth and growth, man’s anabolism increases, so bones become longer and stronger.  After the phase of maturity and with the advance of age, catabolism takes the lead, with the amount of bone decreasing and becoming more fragile, and the spine bows due to the vertebra’s collapse, shortness and weakness.   The activity and the strength of bones are the outcome of;     i.     Powers of pressure and pulling exercised by the muscles and tendons, which sticks to bones, during flexion and extension.   ii.      It has been recently proved that an electric current with two different poles runs inside the bones; affecting the distribution of cells functions such as anabolism and catabolism cells.  The current also determines at large the aspects of these cells activities.  The experiments proved that in case of laziness and rest, the electric current is diminished, leading the bones to lose the componential materials, thus they become thin and weak.  Experiment also revealed that during travel to space where gravity is totally absent, muscles become weak and bones become thin due to the inability to resist the burden of the earth gravity.  It is therefore deduced that complete rest causes the bones to shrink, as the absence of movements activates catabolism cells, and weakens anabolism cells; hence a reduction of the bony material occurs. The performance of 17 units (Rak’ah) of obligatory prayers, and some more of extra prayers, strengthens man’s bones, and forces him to do a bodily movement not less than one hour daily. This happens all along the life of the Moslem, who never abandons prayers. Prayer is a regular simple exercise at different times, and helps keep the viability of the body specially the cardiac system and blood circulation. Prayer is a psychological therapy that helps calm the soul and relieve all tension for many reasons, of which the most significant is; man feels that all his problems are very small in the face of the Greatness and Capability of the Creator Who handles this large universe.  The Moslem, after finishing his prayer, has thrown all he has of problems and worries, as he has deputized the Merciful Lord to manage and relieve him of such troubles.  Prayers help remove all sources of tension due to the constant change of movements.  It is known that such a change leads to an important physiological relaxation; therefore, the Prophet commanded that the Moslem when afflicted with a state of anger should resort to prayers.  It has been proved that prayer have an immediate effect on the nervous system, as they calm agitation and maintain balance.  They are as well a successful treatment for insomnia resulting from the nervous dysfunction.. Researchers declare that worshiping and contemplation for a short period of time every day delays aging-associated diseases and reduces stress and anxiety. Moreover, prayer grants people safety and more love and mercy while atheism, anger, and complaining about life on the other hand damage the brain constantly. A study that was conducted by Randolph Byrd in 1988 revealed unexpected surprises for it was shown that praying and supplicating for heart patients improve both their physical and psychological conditions. All glory to Allah who pointed out the significance of prayer and supplication; Allah says; O my Lord! make me One who establishes regular Prayer, And also (raise such) Among my offspring O our Lord!And accept Thou my Prayer  Ibrahim; 40

What are the main Qur’anic objectives of Life? Qur‘an has clearly outlined the objectives of Islam, which are as follows; (1) To Work for the common good “104. Let there arise out of you a group of people inviting to all that is good (Islam), enjoining Al-Ma’ruf (i.e.Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do) and forbidding Al-Munkar (polytheism and disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden). And it is they who are the successful. (Surah Ale-Imran; 104) (2) To Endeavour for the unity of mankind “1. O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Adam), and from him (Adam) He created his wife [Hawwa (Eve)], and from them both He created many men and women and fear Allah through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the wombs (kinship) . Surely, Allah is Ever an All-Watcher over you. (Surah An-Nisaa’;1)” 19. Mankind were but one community (i.e. on one religion – Islamic Monotheism), then they differed (later), and had not it been for a Word that went forth before from your Lord, it would have been settled between them regarding what they differed . (Surah Yunus; 19)” 52. And verily! This your religion (of Islamic Monotheism) is one religion, and I am your Lord, so keep your duty to Me. 53. But they (men) have broken their religion among them into sects, each group rejoicing in its belief. (Surah Al-Mu’minun; 52-53)” 92. Truly! This, your Ummah [Sharia or religion (Islamic Monotheism)] is one religion, and I am your Lord, therefore worship Me (Alone). (Surah Al-Anbiyah’;92) (3) To work for peace at every level; 19. Truly, the religion with Allah is Islam. Those who were given the Scripture (Jews and Christians) did not differ except, out of mutual jealousy, after knowledge had come to them. And whoever disbelieves in the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, then surely, Allah is Swift in calling to account. Surah Ale-Imran; 19)  25. Allah calls to the home of peace (i.e. Paradise, by accepting Allah’s religion of Islamic Monotheism and by doing righteous good deeds and abstaining from polytheism and evil deeds) and guides whom He wills to a Straight Path. ( Surah Yunus;25) ” 90. Except those who join a group, between you and whom there is a treaty (of peace), or those who approach you with their breasts restraining from fighting you as well as fighting their own people. Had Allah willed, indeed He would have given them power over you, and they would have fought you. So if they withdraw from you, and fight not against you, and offer you peace, then Allah has opened no way for you against them. ( Surah An-Nisaa’;90). ” 15. O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Now has come to you Our Messenger (Muhammad ) explaining to you much of that which you used to hide from the Scripture and passing over (i.e. leaving out without explaining) much. Indeed, there has come to you from Allah a light (Prophet Muhammad  ) and a plain Book (this Qur’an). 16. Wherewith Allah guides all those who seek His Good Pleasure to ways of peace, and He brings them out of darkness by His Will unto light and guides them to a Straight Way (Islamic Monotheism). ( Surah Al-Maidah 15-16) (4) To maintain universal harmony and balance ” 143. Thus We have made you [true Muslims – real believers of Islamic Monotheism, true followers of Prophet Muhammad  and his sunnah (legal ways)], a Wasat (just) (and the best) nation, that you be witnesses over mankind and the Messenger (Muhammad ) be a witness over you. And We made the Qiblah (prayer direction towards Jerusalem) which you used to face, only to test those who followed the Messenger (Muhammad ) from those who would turn on their heels (i.e. disobey the Messenger). Indeed it was great (heavy) except for those whom Allah guided. And Allah would never make your faith (prayers) to be lost (i.e. your prayers offered towards Jerusalem). Truly, Allah is full of kindness, the Most Merciful towards mankind. ( Surah Al-Baqarah;143) “7. And the heaven He has raised high, and He has set up the Balance. 8. In order that  you may not transgress (due) balance. ( Surah Ar-Rahman; 7)  (5) To work for justice at every level; “And God means no injustice to any of His creatures.” (Surah Ale-Imran; 108) “O ye who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to God, even as against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or poor; for God can best protect both.”(Surah An-Nisaa’;135)”Say; “My Lord hath commanded justice. ” (Surah Al-A’raf;29).” 90. Verily, Allah enjoins Al-Adl (i.e. justice and worshipping none but Allah Alone – Islamic Monotheism) and Al-Ihsan [i.e. to be patient in performing your duties to Allah, totally for Allah’s sake and in accordance with the Sunnah (legal ways) of the Prophet  in a perfect manner], and giving (help) to kith and kin (i.e. all that Allah has ordered you to give them e.g., wealth, visiting, looking after them, or any other kind of help, etc.); and forbids Al-Fahsha’ (i.e all evil deeds, e.g. illegal sexual acts, disobedience of parents, polytheism, to tell lies, to give false witness, to kill a life without right, etc.), and Al-Munkar (i.e all that is prohibited by Islamic law; polytheism of every kind, disbelief and every kind of evil deeds, etc.), and Al-Baghy (i.e. all kinds of oppression), He admonishes you, that you may take heed.  (Surah An-Nahl;90). snv

What are the most important characteristics of the Qur’an? The Qur’an is Allah (SWT)’s firm rope (Hablullah), that is, it is the solid contract which Allah (SWT) made a reason for reaching Himself and the attainment of success by His Grace.  The most important characteristic of the Qur’an is that it recognises other revealed books such as the Bible, Torah and Zaboor, etc. Several messengers have been sent to every community. The Qur’an said that God revealed so many books from time to time for the guidance of people. The Bible, Torah and Zaboor are the books of God. But nothing has been said in these books that they are for all mankind. It is only with the Qur’an that it is for all humanity and now for all times to come, the second important characteristic of the Qur’an is that of all the revealed books only the Qur’an is safe from adulterations. The Qur’an is in its original form. Enemies of Islam also agree to this point of view that the Qur’an is as it was at the time of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). They deny only its revelation by God and maintain that the Qur’an is written by Muhammad (PBUH).  The Bible, Torah, Zaboor and all other previous books were limited to their respective periods. But this is not the case with the Qur’an. The Qur’an claims that it is for all times; no other book will be revealed after the Qur’an and no messenger will come after Muhammad (PBUH). The Qur’an was revealed at a time when human mind was fully developed and is now in its last stage of development. There is no need of other books to be revealed for the guidance of human beings. The Bible, Torah and Zaboor all have been adulterated but the Qur’an is protected from any alteration. That is why Mubarak is not the feature of those books. The Bible, Torah and Zaboor are some of the Semitic books. The Qur’an is clear (mubin) and makes clear the laws and reports which it contains, it has brought the final ’shariat’ (laws of Divine guidanc-from Allah).  As Allah (SWT) says; “Say; ‘the (Qur’an) was sent down by Him Who knows the secret (that is) in the heavens and the earth; Verily He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Surah Al-Furqan; 6) It also indicates that the one to whom the Book was sent down was a Messenger inspired. Allah (SWT) but says the Truth in the Verse;” Soon will We show Our Signs in the Universe and in their own selves, until it becomes manifest to them that this is the Truth. Is it not sufficient that your Lord does witness all things?” (Surah Fussilat/Surah Ha Mim As Sajdah; 53) The Qur’an is free from its description by the disbelievers as being poetry, magic or human speech.  Not a single word has been deleted or added. The style of expression of the Qur’an is very convincing and no one has been able to match or make even a small verse like it. The older books were revealed in their entirety while the Qur’an was sent down gradually over period of twenty three years. 180. And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allah , so call on Him by them, and leave the company of those who belie or deny (or utter impious speech against) His Names. They will be requited for what they used to do. (Surah al-Araf; 180).

What are the numerical miracles in the Qur’an? The Qur’an also has numerical miracles like the insertion of the number “19” in the verses in a coded way and the numbers of repetitions of certain words.Word repetitions in the Qur’an; Some related words are repeated the same number of times in the Qur’an. For instance; The phrase the “seven heavens” is repeated 7 times. The words, “world ” and “hereafter” are each repeated 115 times. The word “day” is repeated 365 times while the word “moon” is repeated 12 times. The word “faith” (iman) (without genitive) is repeated 25 times throughout the Qur’an, as is also the word “infidelity” or the phrase “covering over the truth.” (kufr). When we count the word “say“, we come up with the result of 332. We arrive at the same figure when we count the number of times the phrase; “they said” is used. The word “shaytan” is used 88 times. The word “angel” is also repeated 88 times.The miracle of 19 in the Qur’an;The number 19 is pointed out in the Qur’an in a statement about Hell; “It is guarded by nineteen keepers.” (Surah  al-Muddaththir, 30) This number is also encoded in certain other verses of the Qur’an. For instance;“In the Name of God, The Compassionate, the Merciful.” This formula, which is found at the beginning of every surah, has 19 letters.The Qur’an consists of 114 surahs; 114 is a multiple of 19, being equal to 6 times 19.There are many other such multiples;The total count of the word “Allah” in the Qur’an is 2698 (19 x 142);The total count of the word “Merciful” in the Qur’an is 114 (19 x 6);When we add up all numbers in the Qur’an (without taking repetitions into account), we get the number 162, 146 that is, 19 x 8534;The first Surah that was revealed had 19 verses. There are innumerable other examples.

What are the requirements of Preordainments? All the Divine Books and the Prophetic Sunnah agreed upon that the Pre-ordainment does not nullify or negate acting or performing deeds and that it does not necessitate complete reliance. On the contrary, it necessitates seriousness, diligence, and being keen on performing good deeds. That’s why when Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) informed his honorable companions about Preordainment and about the drying of the Pen, and some of them said; If it is so, then what is the use of doing good deeds?, he (PBUH) says; Act, for everyone is facilitated towards what he intends to do.” Then, he (PBUH) recited; “As for him who gives (in charity) and keeps his duty to Allah and fears Him. And believes in Al-Husna. We will make smooth for him the path of ease (goodness). But he who is greedy miser and thinks himself self-sufficient. And belies Al-Husna. We will make smooth for him the path for evil.. (Surah Al-Lail; 5-10) Verily, Allah the Almighty destined the ordainments and fashioned their means. He is the All Wise in all that He introduced of the means for living in this present life and the Hereafter. He facilitated for all His creatures all that He created for them. So, if the slave knows that the benefit of his forthcoming life is linked to and correlative with the means set for it in this present life, he will be more keen on acting upon and according to them. One of the Prophet’s companions said when heard the Hadiths pertaining to Pre-ordainment; I have never been more diligent than I am at present.” The Prophet (PBUH) says; ” Cherish that which gives you benefit (in the Hereafter) and seek help from Allah and do not lose heart.”

What are the responsibilities and duties of a wife? Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient (to Allah (SWT) and to their husbands), and guard in the husband’s absence what Allah orders them to guard (e.g. their chastity, their husband’s property, etc.) (Surah an-Nisaa;34) A Wife is to keep her husband’s secrets and protect their marital privacy. Issues of intimacy or faults of his that would dishonor him, are not to be shared by the wife, just as he is expected to guard her honor, a wife must also guard her husband’s property. She must safeguard his home and possessions, to the best of her ability, from damage. She should manage the household affairs wisely so as to prevent loss or waste. She should not allow anyone to enter the house that her husband dislikes nor incur any expenses of which her husband disapproves A Muslim woman must cooperate and coordinate with her husband. There cannot, however, be cooperation with a man who is disobedient to God. She should not fulfill his requests he wants her to do something unlawful. A husband also should not take advantage of his wife, but be considerate of her needs and happiness..

What are the right of minors and orphans? 127. They ask your legal instruction concerning women, say; Allah (instructs you about them, and about what is recited unto you in the Book concerning the orphan girls whom you give not the prescribed portions (as regards Mahr and inheritance) and yet whom you desire to marry, and (concerning) the children who are weak and oppressed, and that you stand firm for justice to orphans. And whatever good you do, Allah is Ever All-Aware of it. (Surah an-Nisaa; 127)… 24. And lower unto them the wing of submission and humility through mercy, and say; “My Lord! Bestow on them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was small.” Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel; 24).

What are the rights of their inheritors and how should Muslims make bequests and act upon them? 180. It is prescribed for you, when death approaches any of you, if he leaves wealth, that he make a bequest to parents and next of kin, according to reasonable manners. (This is) a duty upon Al-Muttaqun (the pious). 181. Then whoever changes the bequest after hearing it, the sin shall be on those who make the change. Truly, Allah (SWT) is All-Hearer, All-Knower. (Surah Al-Baqarah;  180-181).

What are the Scientific facts mentioned in the Qur’an→ It is time that we ask ourselves about the scientific facts pointed out in the Holy Qur’an. The best source for knowledge is the Qur’an itself. However Qur’an is not like any other book.  On the other hand it has a unique style very much unlike any other book.  It is neither a poetry, nor a prose.  It does not form a continuous reading.  Nor does it discuss one subject at a time.  Often a single sentence would carry more than one subject.  One also finds sudden changes of pronouns even in one. single phrase.  These are some features of the language of Qur’an, which is different from any other written work.  At the same time Qur’an has been regarded as the greatest work of Arabic literature during all these fourteen hundred years. Qur’an style is more or less a lecture style and that also from the one for whom the past, present, and future and whole of space is a single entity. That is why that even passing remarks from the Divine Source can be of utmost importance in knowing the secrets of universe. Therefore to analyze Qur’an as a source book of science it is required that each and every word and phase be given a serious thought. The Qur’an contains hundreds of verses that reflect on one or the other physical phenomenon. In many a verse, it invokes the humanity to reflect on the creation of the earth and invites all to observe, think and discover its structure, and laws.  e.g. 164. Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, and the ships which sail through the sea with that which is of use to mankind, and the water (rain) which Allah sends down from the sky and makes the earth alive therewith after its death, and the moving (living) creatures of all kinds that He has scattered therein, and in the veering of winds and clouds which are held between the sky and the earth, are indeed Ayat (proofs, evidences, signs, etc.) for people of understanding. Surah Al-Baqarah;  164). 189. And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and Allah has power over all things.190. Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, there are indeed signs for men of understanding. Surah Ale-Imran; 189-90) 2. Allah is He Who raised the heavens without any pillars that you can see. Then, He Istawa (rose above) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His Majesty). He has subjected the sun and the moon (to continue going round)! Each running (its course) for a term appointed. He regulates all affairs, explaining the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail, that you may believe with certainty in the meeting with your Lord.4. And in the earth are neighbouring tracts, and gardens of vines, and green crops (fields etc.), and date-palms, growing out two or three from a single stem root, or otherwise (one stem root for every palm ), watered with the same water, yet some of them We make more excellent than others to eat. Verily, in these things, there are Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs) for the people who understand. Surah Ar-Ra’d; 2,4) 99. See they not that Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth, is Able to create the like of them. And He has decreed for them an appointed term, whereof there is not doubt. But the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.) refuse (the truth the Message of Islamic Monotheism, and accept nothing) but disbelief. Surah Al-Asraa; 99) 12. Allah it is He Who has subjected to you the sea, that ships may sail through it by His Command, and that you may seek of His Bounty, and that you may be thankful, 13. And has subjected to you all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth; it is all as a favour and kindness from Him. Verily, in it are signs for a people who think deeply. urah Al-Jathiya12-13). 3. Who has created the seven heavens one above another, you can see no fault in the creations of the Most Beneficent. Then look again; “Can you see any rifts?” Surah Al-Mulk; 3). In particular, the Qur’an draws our attention to many geological phenomena like; origin of the earth 30. Have not those who disbelieve known that the heavens and the earth were joined together as one united piece, then We parted them? And We have made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe? (Surah Ta-ha; 30), general geology 2. Allah is He Who raised the heavens without any pillars that you can see. Then, He Istawa (rose above) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His Majesty). He has subjected the sun and the moon (to continue going round)! Each running (its course) for a term appointed. He regulates all affairs, explaining the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail, that you may believe with certainty in the meeting with your Lord. (Surah Ar-Ra’d;  2), landslides 3. And when the mountains shall made to pass away; (Surah At-Takwir; 3) rifting12. And the earth which splits (with the growth of trees and plants), (Surah At-Tariq; 12), mountains and isostay 6. Have We not made the earth as a bed,7. And the mountains as pegs? (Surah An-Nabaa;  6-7) volcansim;    22. Who has made the earth a resting place for you, and the sky as a canopy, and sent down water (rain) from the sky and brought forth therewith fruits as a provision for you. Then do not set up rivals unto Allah (in worship) while you know (that He Alone has the right to be worshipped). (Surah Al-Baqarah;  22), hydrologic cycle 2. He knows that which goes into the earth and that which comes forth from it, and that which descend from the heaven and that which ascends to it. And He is the Most Merciful, the Oft-Forgiving. Surah Saba;  2), (climatology 24. And among His Signs is that He shows you the lightning, by way of fear and hope, and He sends down water (rain) from the sky, and therewith revives the earth after its death. Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people who understand. (Surah Ar-Rum; 24), conservation and environment 41. Evil (sins and disobedience of Allah, etc.) has appeared on land and sea because of what the hands of men have earned (by oppression and evil deeds, etc.), that Allah may make them taste a part of that which they have done, in order that they may return (by repenting to Allah, and begging His Pardon).42. Say (O Muhammad ); “Travel in the land and see what was the end of those before (you)! Most of them were Mushrikun (the disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, polytheists, idolaters, etc.).” (Surah Ar-Rum; 41-42) In most of the physical world-related verses, the context is the Day of Judgment.  However, the Qur’anic reference to a geological process, say, rifting 12. And the earth which splits (with the growth of trees and plants), (Surah At-Tariq; 12) and the earth which splits compels one to think in terms of the likely associated Physical phenomenon, though its understanding to the humans may not be perfect at a given time.  Thus the Study of the Qur’an following the dictum “think and reflect on the creation of Allah and not his self” and the inherent principle of science that a finding, which may appear true today, may equally be disproved the next day by a new finding, shall help find  new paths in our pursuits of unraveling the mysteries of the earth.

What are the scientific miracles of the Qur’an? Although the Qur’an was revealed 1400 years ago, it includes many scientific facts which were absolutely unknown at that time and have been discovered only in our day by the help of the latest scientific and technological means. These attributes of the Qur’an clearly demonstrate that it originated in Allah. The following are some of these miracles.The constant expansion of the universe is one of the greatest discoveries of the 20th century. Yet Allah proclaimed this truth to us 1400 years ago in the 47th verse of Surah  adh-Dhariyat;It is We who have built the universe with (Our creative) power, and, truly, it is We who are steadily expanding it. (Surah  adh-Dhariyat, 47)The movement of heavenly bodies in unchanging orbits was proclaimed centuries ago in the Qur’an;It is He Who created night and day and the sun and moon, each one moving in its own orbit. (Surah  al-Anbiya, 33)Interesting properties are revealed when the Arabic wording of the verses that make mention of the sun and the moon is examined. In these verses, the words siraj (lamp) and wahhaj (brightly-burning) are used for the sun. For the moon, the word «munir» (enlightening, shiny) is used. Indeed, while the sun produces an enormous amount of heat and light as a result of the nuclear reactions inside, the moon merely reflects the light it receives from the sun. This distinction is made as follows;Do you not see how God has created seven heavens in full harmony with one another, and has made the moon a light therein, and made the sun a (radiant) lamp? (Surah Nuh, 15-16) In the Qur’an, the 22nd verse of Surah  al-Hijr refers to the “fertilizing” property of the winds;And We send the fertilizing winds, then cause water to descend from the sky, therewith providing you with water (in abundance). (Surah  al-Hijr, 22)In Arabic, the word “fertilizing” refers to the effect on both plants and clouds. Modern science for its part has shown that the winds do indeed have both of these functions.Another miracle of the Qur’an is emphasized in the following verse;He has created the Heavens and the Earth for the sake of Truth. He wraps the night up in the day, and wraps the day up in the night… (Surah  az-Zumar, 5)In this verse, the day’s and the night’s wrapping each other up is described by the word “tekvir”. In English, this means «to make one thing lap over another, folded up like a garment that is laid away». In Arabic dictionaries this word is explained as the action of wrapping one thing around another, in the way that a turban is put on. Implicit in this verse, therefore, is accurate information about the shape of the world. The expression used can be truly apt only if the earth is round. This means that in the Qur’an, which was revealed in the 7th century, the roundness of the world was hinted at.

What are the sins of tongue? Faith calls upon us to bring out the best in ourselves and in others. Treating other people with integrity and respect is a sign of a believer. It is not permissible for a Muslim to spread rumors, gossip, or engage in backbiting one another. “Do not concern yourself with things about which you have no knowledge. Verily, your hearing, sight, and heart — all of them will be called to account” (Surah Al-Asraa;  36).”Why do not the believing men and women, whenever such [a rumor] is heard, think the best of one another and say, “This is an obvious falsehood”?  When you take it up with your tongues, uttering with your mouths something of which you have no knowledge, you deem it a light matter. Whereas in the sight of God it is an awful thing! “(Surah An-Nur12-15).”Oh you who believe! If a wicked person comes to you with any news, ascertain the truth, lest you harm people unwittingly, and afterwards become full of repentance for what you have done (Sarah Al-Hujuraat; 6). 11. O you who believe! Let not a group scoff at another group, it may be that the latter are better than the former; nor let (some) women scoff at other women, it may be that the latter are better than the former, nor defame one another, nor insult one another by nicknames. How bad is it, to insult one’s brother after having Faith [i.e. to call your Muslim brother (a faithful believer) as; “O sinner”, or “O wicked”, etc.]. And whosoever does not repent, then such are indeed Zalimun (wrong-doers, etc.). 12. O you who believe! Avoid much suspicion, indeed some suspicions are sins. And spy not, neither backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You would hate it (so hate backbiting). And fear Allah. Verily, Allah is the One Who accepts repentance, Most Merciful. (Surah Al-Hujuraat; 11-12).

What are the three modes of revelation indicated in the Qur’an? Revelation (wahi in Arabic) is guidance from Allah (SWT) to man through His Prophets. The ways in which the messages of guidance are transmitted to a Prophet are several, as mentioned in the Qur`an; “51. . It is not given to any human being that Allah (SWT) should speak to him unless (it be) by Inspiration, or from behind a veil, or (that) He sends a Messenger to reveal what He wills by His Leave. Verily, He is Most High, Most Wise .”  (Surah Ash-Shurah; 5l) There are three modes of revelation mentioned in the Qur’an. (a) Inspiration (for example in a dream, as when Prophet Ibrahim received the instruction to sacrifice his son; 102. And, when he (his son) was old enough to walk with him, he said; “O my son! I have seen in a dream that I am slaughtering you (offer you in sacrifice to Allah , so look what you think!” He said; “O my father! Do that which you are commanded, Insha’ Allah (if Allah will), you shall find me of As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.).” (Surah As-Saffaat; l02)  (b) Speech from a hidden source as when Prophet Mosa received revelation from Allah (SWT) from the fire; 8. But when he came to it, he was called; “Blessed is whosoever is in the fire, and whosoever is round about it! And glorified be Allah (SWT), the Lord of the’Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). 9. “O Musa (Moses)! Verily! It is I, Allah, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.  (Surah An-Naml; 8-9) (c) Speech sent through an Angel (as when Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  received revelations through the Angel Jibril. 97. Say (O Muhammad (PBUH); “Whoever is an enemy to Jibrael (Gabriel) (let him die in his fury), for indeed he has brought it (this Qur’an) down to your heart by Allah’s Permission, confirming what came before it [i.e. the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] and guidance and glad tidings for the believers. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 97).

What are the times of privacy and when permission should be sought to enter into private apartments? 58. O you who believe! Let your legal slaves and slave-girls, and those among you who have not come to the age of puberty ask your permission (before they come to your presence) on three occasions; before Fajr (morning) prayer, and while you put off your clothes for the noonday (rest), and after the ‘Isha'(late-night) prayer. (These) three times are of privacy for you, other than these times there is no sin on you or on them to move about, attending (helping) you each other. Thus Allah makes clear the Ayat (the Verses of this Qur’an, showing proofs for the legal aspects of permission for visits, etc.) to you. And Allah  is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (Surah Al-Nur; 58).And when the children among you come to puberty, then let them (also) ask for permission, as those senior to them (in age). Thus Allah (SWT) makes clear His Ayat (Commandments and legal obligations) for you. And Allah (SWT) is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (Surah Al-Nur; 59).

What are the timings for prayer? 78. Perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) from mid-day till the darkness of the night (i.e. the Zuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib, and ‘Isha’ prayers), and recite the Qur’an in the early dawn (i.e. the morning prayer). Verily, the recitation of the Qur’an in the early dawn is ever witnessed (attended by the angels in charge of mankind of the day and the night). 79. And in some parts of the night (also) offer the Salat (prayer) with it (i.e. recite the Qur’an in the prayer), as an additional prayer (Tahajjud optional prayer Nawafil) for you (O Muhammad (PBUH). It may be that your Lord will raise you to Maqaman Mahmuda (a station of praise and glory, i.e. the highest degree in Paradise!).  (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel; 78-79).

What are the two important obligations, we are commanded by Allah (SWT) to fulfill before we leave this life? Will and debts, if not done can cause the family unnecessary and additional hardship after one’s death’ regarding a will and eliminating debts, Allah  (SWT) says;’Ordained for you, when one of you nears death, and he leaves behind possessions,that he makes a will to parents and next of kin in a fair way, this is an obligation onthe God fearing. So whoever changes the will after hearing it, then the sin is onthose change it. Indeed God is All-Hearing and All-knowing’ (Surah Al-Baqarah; 180-181).