Divine Verses 3

How to Battle difficulties with patience and perseverance? 79. Whatever of good reaches you, is from Allah, but whatever of evil befalls you, is from yourself  (Surah An-Nisaa’;79) 44. Truly! Allah wrongs not mankind in aught; but mankind wrong themselves. (Surah Yunus;44) 9. And if We give man a taste of Mercy from Us, and then withdraw it from him, verily! He is despairing, ungrateful. 10. But if We let him taste good (favour) after evil (poverty and harm) has touched him, he is sure to say; “Ills have departed from me.” Surely, he is exultant and boastful (ungrateful to Allah). (Surah Hud;9-11) “Be patient (in adversity); for, verily, God will not let the reward of the righteous be wasted.” (Surah Hud;115). 2. Do people think that they will be left alone because they say; “We believe,” and will not be tested.3. And We indeed tested those who were before them. And Allah will certainly make (it) known (the truth of) those who are true, and will certainly make (it) known (the falsehood of) those who are liars, (although Allah knows all that before putting them to test).(Surah Al-Ankabut 2-3) 155. And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.).156. Who, when afflicted with calamity, say; “Truly! To Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return.”157. They are those on whom are the Salawat (i.e. blessings, etc.) (i.e. who are blessed and will be forgiven) from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His Mercy, and it is they who are the guided-ones. (Surah Al-Baqarah;155-157)  Every single person in this world is facing some sort of trial or test. There may be some facing trials in education, others in their jobs, still others in their businesses, and still more facing problems with family or friends. But Allah (swt) says; 153. O you who believe! Seek help in patience and As-Salat (the prayer). Truly! Allah is with As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.). (Surah Al-Baqarah; 153) 2. For those who exercise patience, Allah (swt) will help and show a way out of every difficulty. He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty) 3. And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine. And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allah will accomplish his purpose. Indeed Allah has set a measure for all things.  (Surah At-Talaq;2-3) Allah (swt) in various places in the Holy Qur’an links patience and perseverance to success. And seek help in patience and As-Salat (the prayer) and truly it is extremely heavy and hard except for Al-Khashi’un [i.e. the true believers in Allah – those who obey Allah with full submission, fear much from His Punishment, and believe in His Promise (Paradise, etc.) and in His Warnings (Hell, etc.)]. (Surah Al-Baqarah;45) 49. Man (the disbeliever) does not get tired of asking good (things from Allah), but if an evil touches him, then he gives up all hope and is lost in despair. 50. And truly, if We give him a taste of mercy from us, after some adversity (severe poverty or disease, etc.) has touched him, he is sure to say; “This is for me (due to my merit), I think not that the Hour will be established. But if I am brought back to my Lord, Surely, there will be for me the best (wealth, etc.) with Him. Then, We verily, will show to the disbelievers what they have done and We shall make them taste a severe torment. 51. And when We show favour to man, he withdraws and turns away, but when evil touches him, then he has recourse to long supplications. (Surah Fussilat;49-51) 286. Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope. He gets reward for that (good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earned. “Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error, our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us (Jews and Christians); our Lord! Put not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Pardon us and grant us Forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Maula (Patron, Supporter and Protector, etc.) and give us victory over the disbelieving people.” (Surah Al-Baqarah;286).

How to be a good Muslim →  A true Muslim does not fight others Unless they are fighting him, A true Muslim respects all people, And knows that you can’t force religion. 256. There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.(Surah Al-Baqarah;256) True Muslims work for the poor,the widows and the weak,True Muslims are full of mercy,It is not power they seek.True Muslims bring honorTo the name of our beloved Prophet, He taught us to do good deedsTo live for God, not for profit.Muslims stay strong. Islam teaches peace. The Qur’an says that; 61. But if they incline to peace, you also incline to it, and (put your) trust in Allah. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower. (Surah Al-Anfal;61) Muslims don’t lose heart.Murder is not part of our faith. If anyone killed a person not in retaliation of murder, or (and) to spread mischief in the land – it would be as if he killed all mankind, and if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of all mankind. (Surah Al-Maidah;32)

How to be dressed in prayers? O Children of Adam! Take your adornment (by wearing your clean clothes), while praying and going round (the Tawaf of ) the Ka’bah, and eat and drink but waste not by extravagance, certainly He (Allah) likes not Al-Musrifun (those who waste by extravagance). (Surah al-Araf;31) While performing Prayer people are required not only to cover the private parts of their body, but also to wear a dress that serves the two-fold purpose of covering and giving one a decent appearance. The directive to pray in a proper and decent dress is aimed at refuting the misconception entertained by ignorant people down the ages that man should worship God either in a nude or semi-naked state, or at least have a shabby and unkempt appearance while worshipping. In this verse people are being told the opposite of this. At the time of worship they should not only be free from all kinds of nudity and indecency, but should also be in a decent dress.God does not want to subject man to want and misery or starvation or to deprive him as such of the good things of this worldly life. On the contrary, it pleases Him that man should appear in good decent dress and enjoy the clean food provided for him by God. There is nothing sinful in that. As for sin, it consists in transgressing the bounds set by God. This transgression could be committed in both ways: by making the unlawful lawful, or by making the lawful unlawful.

How to behave with your wife (life partner)? “And they (women) have rights (over their husbands as regards living expenses) similar (to those of their husbands) over them (as regards obedience and respect) to what is reasonable, but men have a degree (of responsibility) over them. And Allaah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.” (Surah Al-Baqarah;228) Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) Says that;“You never spend anything but you will be rewarded for it, even the morsel of food that you lift to your wife’s mouth.” [Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 6352; Muslim, 1628] and,“The best of you are those who are the best to their wives, and I am the best of you to my wives.” [Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 3895; Ibn Maajah, 1977;

How to enter other people’s houses? O you who believe! Enter not houses other than your own, until you have asked permission and greeted those in them, that is better for you, in order that you may remember. And if you find no one therein, still, enter not until permission has been given. And if you are asked to go back, go back, for it is purer for you, and Allah is All-Knower of what you do. (Surah Al-Nur;27-28).

How to give Sadaqat (alms-giving) to poor? If you disclose your Sadaqat (alms-giving), it is well, but if you conceal it, and give it to the poor, that is better for you. (Allah) will forgive you some of your sins. And Allah  is Well-Acquainted with what you do. (Surah Al-Baqarah;271)

How to recite the Qur’an? Recitation is an act in which a whole person, with his soul, heart, mind, tongue and body should participate. Allah (SWT) says; “And recite the Qur’an in slow, measured rhythmic tone’ (Surah al-Muzzammil;4).

How to return the salutation in Islam? When you are greeted with a greeting, greet in return with what is better than it, or (at least) return it equally. Certainly, Allah is ever a careful account taker of all things.  (Surah an-Nisaa;86).

How to seek refuge from the Evil jinn? Say ” ‘audhu billah” (I seek refuge in Allah) and other dhikr (remembrance of Allah, swt) when the evil whisper of Shaitaan comes upon you, such as when becoming angry, having confusing or disobedient thoughts, when approached by arrogant who dispute the Truth of the ayats of Allah swt, when about to recite Qur’an, or when in any situation that Qur’an and Sunnah teaches you is a result of the shaitaan. The ayat “Al-Kursi” (Surah Al-Baqarah) is well-known as a means for repelling mischievous jinn…255. Allah! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter . And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great. (Surah Al-Baqarah;255) 36. And if an evil whisper from Shaitan (Satan) tries to turn you away (O Muhammad ) (from doing good, etc.), then seek refuge in Allah. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower. (Surah Fussilat 36) 200. And if an evil whisper comes to you from Shaitan (Satan) then seek refuge with Allah. Verily, He is All-Hearer, All-Knower. 201. Verily, those who are Al-Muttaqun (the pious ), when an evil thought comes to them from Shaitan (Satan), they remember (Allah), and (indeed) they then see (aright). (Surah Al-A’raaf;200-201) 56. Verily, those who dispute about the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, without any authority having come to them, there is nothing else in their breasts except pride [to accept you (Muhammad ) as a Messenger of Allah and to obey you]. They will never have it (i.e. Prophethood which Allah has bestowed upon you). So seek refuge in Allah (O Muhammad  from the arrogants). Verily, it is He Who is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. (Surah Ghaafir;56 ) 98. So when you want to recite the Qur’an, seek refuge with Allah from Shaitan (Satan), the outcast (the cursed one). (Surah An-Nahl; 98 )286. Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope. He gets reward for that (good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earned. “Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error, our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us (Jews and Christians); our Lord! Put not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Pardon us and grant us Forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Maula (Patron, Suppor-ter and Protector, etc.) and give us victory over the disbelieving people.” (Surah Al-Baqarah;286) Recite Surahs Al-Falaq and Surah An-Nas.. Verily, those who are Al-Muttaqûn (the pious), when an evil thought comes to them from Shaitân (Satan), they remember (Allâh), and (indeed) they then see (aright).

How to settle the disputes between the ruler and the ruled? O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority. (And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger (PBUH), if you believe in Allah and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination. (Surah an-Nisaa;59).

How to treat a rebellious woman? As to those women on whose part you see ill-conduct, admonish them (first), (next), refuse to share their beds, (and last) beat them (lightly, if it is useful), but if they return to obedience, seek not against them means (of annoyance). Surely, Allah is Ever Most High, Most Great. (Surah an-Nisaa;34).

How to treat more than one wife? You will never be able to do perfect justice between wives even if it is your ardent desire, so do not incline too much to one of them (by giving her more of your time and provision) so as to leave the other hanging (i.e. neither divorced nor married). And if you do justice, and do all that is right and fear Allah by keeping away from all that is wrong, then Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah an-Nisaa;129).

How to treat the first wife in case a second wife is taken? But if you intend to replace a wife by another and you have given one of them a Cantar (of gold i.e. a great amount) as Mahr, take not the least bit of it back; would you take it wrongfully without a right and (with) a manifest sin?  (Surah an-Nisaa;20).

How to treat the poor if they are present at the time property is divided? And when the relatives and the orphans and Al-Masakin (the poor) are present at the time of division, give them out of the property, and speak to them words of kindness and justice. And let those (executors and guardians) have the same fear in their minds as they would have for their own, if they had left weak offspring behind. So let them fear Allah and speak right words. (Surah an-Nisaa;8-9).

How was Firaun made as a sign for everyone? So this day We shall deliver your (dead) body (out from the sea) that you may be a sign to those who come after you! And verily, many among mankind are heedless of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs , revelations, etc.). (Surah Yunus;92).

How was the Qur’an revealed to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)?  Qur’an was revealed through Angel Gabriel to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  Revelation comes to Allah’s Messengers either directly or through an intermediary. In the case of an intermediary, it is the Angel Gabriel who brings the revelation. In the Qur’an it is mentioned that Allah (SWT) speaks to the angels. Allah (SWT) says; “And (remember) when your Lord revealed to the angels;. (Remember) when your Lord inspired the angels, “Verily, I am with you, so keep firm those who have believed. I will cast terror into the hearts of those who have disbelieved, so strike them over the necks, and smite over all their fingers and toes.” (Surah Al-Anfal;12) Revelation is where Allah (SWT) imparts whatever knowledge He wills to those whom He chooses to receive it. Allah (SWT) gives this knowledge to them in order for them to convey it to whomever else He wishes. All the Messengers of Allah experienced revelation. Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an; “Verily, We have sent Revelation to you (O Muhammad (PBUH) as We have sent Revelation to Nuh and the prophets who came after him. We had sent revelation to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, the Tribes, Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and Solomon. And to David We gave the Psalms. And Messengers We have told you about before, and Messengers We have not told you about – and to Moses We spoke directly.” (Surah an-Nisaa;163).

How was the first murder in the history of mankind occurred?  Adam and Eve’s first children, Cain and his sister, were twins, Abel and his sister, another set of twins, soon followed. Adam and his family lived in peace and harmony. Cain ploughed the earth while Abel raised livestock. Time passed and the occasion came for the sons of Adam to marry. A group of the companions of Prophet Muhammad including Ibn Abbas and Ibn Masud related that inter-marriage of the male of one pregnancy with the female of another had been the practice among Adam’s children. Therefore we know that God’s plan to fill the earth included each of Adam’s sons marrying the twin sister of the other. It seems that beauty has played a part in the attraction of men and women since the beginning. Cain was not pleased with the partner chosen for him. Cain began to envy his brother and refused to obey the command of his father and, in doing so, he disobeyed God. God created man with both good and bad tendencies, and the struggle to overcome our baser instincts is part of His test for us. God commanded that each son was to offer a sacrifice. His judgment would favour the son whose offer was the most acceptable. Cain offered his worst grain, but Abel offered his best livestock. God accepted Abel’s sacrifice, so Cain became enraged, threatening to kill his brother. “And (O Muhammad) recite to them (the Jews) the story of the two sons of Adam (Abel and Cain) in truth; when each offered a sacrifice to God, it was accepted from the one but not from the other. The latter said to the former; ‘I will surely kill you.'” (Surah Al-Maidah;27) Abel advised his brother that God would accept good deeds from those that fear and serve Him, but reject the good deeds of those who are arrogant, selfish and disobedient towards God. “The former said; ‘Verily God accepts only from those who are pious. If you do stretch your hand against me to kill me I shall never stretch my hand against you to kill you, for I fear God; the Lord of mankind, jinn, and all that exists.'” (Surah Al-Maidah;27-28) The First Murder “So the self (base desires) of the other (latter one) encouraged him and made fair seeming to him the murder of his brother; he murdered him and became one of the losers.” (Surah Al-Maidah;30) Prophet Muhammad informed us that Cain became angry and hit his brother over the head with a piece of iron. It was also said in another narration that Cain hit Abel over the head while he was sleeping. “God sent a crow who scratched the ground to show him to hide the dead body of his brother. He (the murderer) said; ‘Woe to me! Am I not even able to be as this crow and to hide the dead body of my brother?’ Then he became one of those who regretted.” (Surah Al-Maidah;31) Adam was devastated; he had lost both his first and second born sons. One had been murdered; the other was won over by mankind’s greatest enemy – Satan. Patiently, Adam prayed for his son, and continued to care for the earth. He taught his many children and grand children about God. He told them of his own encounter with Satan and advised them to beware of Satan’s tricks and schemes. Years and years passed, and Adam grew old and his children spread out across the earth..

How were past nations destroyed?Allah sent messengers to nations who have passed away and warned them of the presence of the Hereafter and the Day of Reckoning. Yet most of these nations did not pay heed to these warnings, they opposed Allah and His messengers and forgot their Islamic morals, upon which Allah struck them with disasters as a reminder, and destroyed those who did not take heed of the warning. The punishments that befell these nations were varied in nature. However, what is common is that it came to them from where they did not expect, and at an unexpected time, usually while they were asleep. These punishments sometimes destroyed a whole city or an entire nation, they did not leave any trace of the city, and were painful and fearful. Allah refers to such perished nations in many verses in the Qur’an as a reminder to people;Do they not see how many generations before them We have destroyed and that they will not return to them?(Surah Ya Sin;31)Of the punishments mentioned in the Qur’an some are listed as follows; Drowning, (Surah  al-Isra, 103)– Plague sent down from heaven, (Surah  al-Baqara;59)– Earthquake,(Surah  al-A’raf, 78)– Gushing springs, (Surah  al-Qamar;12)– A great blast, (Surah Hud;67)– Raining down stones of hard baked clay, (Surah Hud;82)– Howling wind, (Surah  al-Qamar, 19)– Thunderbolt, (Surah  adh-Dhariyat;44)– Overturning, turning upside down… (Surah  an-Najm;53)

How were the People of Lut (AS)  punished and why? The people of Lut (Lot) belied the warnings. Verily, We sent against them a violent storm of stones (which destroyed them all), except the family of Lout (Lot), whom We saved in last hour of the night, (Surah al-Qamar;34) A violent storm of stones was sent against them because they practiced sodomy and homosexuality..

How will Allah (SWT) Disgrace the disbelievers on the Day of Judgement? Then, on the Day of Resurrection, He will disgrace them and will say; “Where are My (so called) ‘partners’ concerning whom you used to disagree and dispute (with the believers, by defying and disobeying Allah)?” Those who have been given the knowledge (about the Torment of Allah for the disbelievers) will say; “Verily! Disgrace this Day and misery are upon the disbelievers. (Surah an-Nahl;27).

How will the believers enter Paradise? “Enter you therein in peace and security; this is a Day of eternal life!” There they will have all that they desire, and We have more (for them, i.e. a glance at the All-Mighty, All-Majestic (Surah Qaf;34).

How will the disbelievers come out from their graves on the Day of Judgement? The Day when they will come out of the graves quickly as racing to a goal, With their eyes lowered in fear and humility, ignominy covering them (all over)! That is the Day which they were promised! (Surah Al-Ma’arij;43-44).

How will the iddat for old women be calculated? And those of your women as have passed the age of monthly courses, for them the ‘Iddah (prescribed period), if you have doubts (about their periods), is three months, and for those who have no courses [(i.e. they are still immature) their ‘Iddah (prescribed period) is three months likewise, except in case of death] . And for those who are pregnant (whether they are divorced or their husbands are dead), their ‘Iddah (prescribed period) is until they deliver (their burdens), and whosoever fears Allah (SWT) and keeps his duty to Him, He will make his matter easy for him. (Surah at-Talaaq;4).

How will the righteous servant of Allah (SWT) treated on the Day of Judgment as described in the Qur’an? The dwellers of Paradise (i.e. those who deserved it through their Faith and righteousness) will, on that Day,  have the best abode, and have the fairest of places for repose. (Surah Al-Furqan;24) Verily! The Muttaqun (pious), will be in place of Security (Paradise). Among Gardens and Springs; Dressed in fine silk and (also) in thick silk, facing each other, So (it will be), and We shall marry them to Houris (female fair ones) with wide, lovely eyes. They will call therein for every kind of fruit in peace and security; They will never taste death therein except the first death (of this world), and He will save them from the torment of the blazing Fire, As a Bounty from your Lord! That will be the supreme success! (Surah Ad-Dukhan;51-57) – Friends on that Day will be foes one to another except Al-Muttaqun (pious). (It will be said to the true believers of Islamic Monotheism); My worshippers! No fear shall be on you this Day, nor shall you grieve, (You) who believed in Our Ayat (proofs, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and were Muslims (i.e. who submit totally to God’s Will, and believe in the Oneness of Allah (SWT) – Islamic Monotheism). Enter Paradise, you and your wives, in happiness. Trays of gold and cups will be passed round them, (there will be) therein all that the one’s inner-selves could desire, all that the eyes could delight in, and you will abide therein forever. This is the Paradise which you have been made to inherit because of your deeds which you used to do (in the life of the world). Therein for you will be fruits in plenty, of which you will eat (as you desire) (Surah Az-Zukhruf;67-73.) Verily, for the Muttaqun, there will be a success (Paradise); Gardens and grapeyards; And young full-breasted (mature) maidens of equal age; And a full cup (of wine). No Laghw (dirty, false, evil talk) shall they hear therein, nor lying; A reward from your Lord, an ample calculated gift (according to the best of their good deeds). (Surah an-Naba’;31-36) Verily, the Abrar (pious and righteous) will be in delight (Paradise); (Surah Al-Infitaar;13)  (It will be said to the pious); “O (you) the one in (complete) rest and satisfaction! “Come back to your Lord, Well-pleased (yourself) and well-pleasing unto Him! “Enter you, then, among My honoured slaves, “And enter you My Paradise!” (Surah al-Fajr;27-30).

How will the sinners feel on the Day of Judgment as described in the Qur’an? And on the Day when the Hour will be established, the Mujrimun (disbelievers, sinners, criminals, polytheists, etc.) will be plunged into destruction with deep regrets, sorrows, and despair. (Surah Ar-Rum;12) Verily, the Mujrimun (criminals, sinners, disbelievers, etc.) will be in the torment of Hell to abide therein forever. (The torment) will not be lightened for them, and they will be plunged into destruction with deep regrets, sorrows and in despair therein. We wronged them not, but they were the Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers, etc.). And they will cry; “O Malik (Keeper of Hell)! Let your Lord make an end of us.” He will say; “Verily you shall abide forever.” (Surah Az-Zukhruf;74-77) And Hell will be brought near that Day. On that Day will man remember, but how will that remembrance (then) avail him? He will say; “Alas! Would that I had sent forth (good deeds) for (this) my life!” So on that Day, none will punish as He will punish. 26. And none will bind as He will bind. (Surah al-Fajr;23-25).

How will the sinners treat on the Day of Judgment as described in the Qur’an? And We shall drive the Mujrimun (polytheists, sinners, criminals, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah (SWT), etc.) to Hell, in a thirsty state (like a thirsty herd driven down to water) (Surah Maryam;86) On the Day they will see the angels, no glad tidings will there be for the Mujrimun (criminals, disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, etc.) that day. And they (angels) will say; “All kinds of glad tidings are forbidden for you,” [None will be allowed to enter Paradise except the one who said; La ilaha ill-Allah (SWT), “(none has the right to be worshipped but Allah (SWT) and acted practically on its legal orders and obligations]. (Surah Al-Furqan;22) And verily, the Fujjar (the wicked, disbelievers, sinners and evil-doers) will be in the blazing Fire (Hell), In which they will enter, and taste its burning flame on the Day of Recompense, (Surah Al-Infitaar;14-15)  The Day they will be dragged in the Fire on their faces (it will be said to them); “Taste you the touch of Hell!” (Surah al-Qamar;48).  Will be the food of the sinners, Like boiling oil, it will boil in the bellies, Like the boiling of scalding water. (It will be said) “Seize him and drag him into the midst of blazing Fire, “Then pour over his head the torment of boiling water, “Taste you (this)! Verily, you were (pretending to be) the mighty, the generous! (Surah Ad-Dukhan;44-49) And verily, the Fujjar (the wicked, disbelievers, sinners and evil-doers) will be in the blazing Fire (Hell), In which they will enter, and taste its burning flame on the Day of Recompense, And they (Al-Fujjar) will not be absent theref rom (i.e. will not go out from the Hell). (Surah Al-Infitaar;14-16). And the Trumpet will be blown, that will be the Day whereof warning (had been given) (i.e. the Day of Resurrection). And every person will come forth along with an (angel) to drive (him), and an (angel) to bear witness. (It will be said to the sinners); “Indeed you were heedless of this, now We have removed your covering, and sharp is your sight this Day!” And his companion (angel) will say; “Here is (this Record) ready with me!” (And it will be said); “Both of you throw (Order from Allah (SWT) to the two angels) into Hell, every stubborn disbeliever (in the Oneness of Allah (SWT), in His Messengers, etc.) (Surah Qaf;20-24)  27. For verily, they used not to look for a reckoning. 28. But they belied Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, and that which Our Prophet (PBUH) brought) completely. 29. And all things We have recorded in a Book. 30. So taste you (the results of your evil actions); no increase shall We give you, except in torment. (Surah an-Naba’;27-30).

Humility → 35. And give full measure when you measure, and weigh with a balance that is straight. That is good (advantageous) and better in the end. (Surah Al-Asraa;35) 13. And (remember) when Luqman said to his son when he was advising him; “O my son! Join not in worship others with Allah. Verily! Joining others in worship with Allah is a great Zulm (wrong) indeed. 17. “O my son! Aqim-is Salat (perform As-Salat), enjoin (people) for Al-Ma’ruf (Islamic Monotheism and all that is good), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar(i.e. disbelief in the Oneness of Allah, polytheism of all kinds and all that is evil and bad), and bear with patience whatever befall you. Verily! These are some of the important commandments ordered by Allah with no exemption. 18. “And turn not your face away from men with pride, nor walk in insolence through the earth. Verily, Allah likes not each arrogant boaster.19. “And be moderate (or show no insolence) in your walking, and lower your voice. Verily, the harshest of all voices is the voice (braying) of the ass.” (Surah Luqman;13,17-19) “The (true) servants of (God) the Most Gracious are those who walk on the earth in humility, and when the ignorant address them, reply with  (words of) peace.” (Surah Al-Furqan;63)..

If a husband divorces his wife three times, when will she become lawful to him? And if he has divorced her (the third time), then she is not lawful unto him thereafter until she has married another husband. Then, if the other husband divorces her, it is no sin on both of them that they reunite, provided they feel that they can keep the limits ordained by Allah. These are the limits of Allah, which He makes plain for the people who have knowledge. (Surah Baqarah;230).

If a non-Muslim woman (who is married) becomes a Muslim, is her marriage to her non-Muslim husband still valid? O you who believe! When believing women come to you as emigrants, examine them, Allah knows best as to their Faith, then if you ascertain that they are true believers, send them not back to the disbelievers, they are not lawful (wives) for the disbelievers nor are the disbelievers lawful (husbands) for them. But give the disbelievers that (amount of money) which they have spent [as their Mahr] to them. And there will be no sin on you to marry them if you have paid their Mahr to them. Likewise hold not the disbelieving women as wives, and ask for (the return of) that which you have spent (as Mahr) and let them (the disbelievers, etc.) ask back for that which they have spent. That is the Judgement of Allah. He judges between you. And Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (Surah Al-Mumtahinah;10)..

If Allah (SWT) Had sent down the Message written on paper, what would the disbelievers say? And even if We had sent down unto you (O Muhammad (PBUH) a Message written on paper so that they could touch it with their hands, the disbelievers would have said; “This is nothing but obvious magic!” (Surah Al-Anam;7).

If Allah (SWT) touches you with hurt, who can remove it? And if Allah touches you with hurt, there is none who can remove it but He; and if He intends any good for you, there is none who can repel His Favour which He causes it to reach whomsoever of His slaves He will. And He is the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah Yunus;107)

If Islam is the oldest religion and all the Prophets were Muslims, then why are there so many religions in the world? The Muslims believe in one God, one source of guidance and one basic message for all mankind (that there is none worthy of worship except the One and Only God). Being the caring Creator and Sustainer of all mankind, God cannot be partial to choose on nation to the exclusion of all others for revealing His messages. He raised Prophets in every nation to guide the people to the path of Truth and Righteousness. The Qur’an states;” Verily! We have sent you with the truth, a bearer of glad tidings, and a Warner. And there never was a nation but a warner had passed among them. And if they belie you, those before them also belied. Their Messengers came to them with clear signs, and with the Scriptures, and the book giving light. (Surah al-Fatir or Al-Mala’ikah;24-25) “And for every Ummah (a community or a nation), there is a Messenger; when their Messenger comes, the matter will be judged between them with justice, and they will not be wronged. (Surah Yunus;47) With the passage of time the followers of earlier Prophets gradually started deviating from the original teachings. Ideologies and practices that were strange to the original teachings crept into the religion, unintentionally or deliberately and the purity of belief in, God was lost. However, God kept sending Prophets from time to time to remind them of the Truth and bring them back to the right path, which they had lost. But none of these Prophets claimed that they started a new religion. Some people (the Truth seekers) listened to them, corrected themselves and became Muslim, while others remained arrogant in their false pride and stuck to the baseless practices and traditions..

If it is said; Prostrating oneself before an idol, mocking at the Qur’an, abusing the Prophet and religion, etc. all these are regarded as aspects of the practical disbelief. The question is! Why do these acts exclude one from the fold of Islam, while the practical disbelief in general does not?  One should know that these four acts and the like are not from among the acts of practical disbelief. They are only regarded as such because they are performed by the organs as apparently noticed. But, the truth is that they do not take place unless deeds of tile heart -i.e. intention, sincerity, passion and submission -are gone. Hence, they apparently look like practical disbelief, but they basically require the dogmatic disbelief first. Consequently, these acts can not be performed but by a malicious hypocrite or a stubborn arrogant. This explains the position of hypocrites in the Battle of Tabuk. In the beginning, They said the word of disbelief, and they disbelieved after accepting Islam, and they resolved that (plot to murder Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) which they were unable to carry out. (Surah AtTaubah;74) But, when Muslims got victory, they declared, We were only talking idly and joking. (Surah At-Taubah;65) Here, came Allah’s Word; Say; “Was it at Allah (the Almighty), and His Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations) and His Messenger () that you were mocking?” Make no excuse; you disbelieved after you had believed}. (Surah At-Taubah;65-66). Finally, we did not define [Al-Kufr Al-Asghar] Minor Disbelief with “the Practical Disbelief”, but with the absolute acting that does not require faith and did not contradict with the utterance of the heart or its deed.

If the Mushrikun ask you for protection, why would you give it? And if anyone of the Mushrikun (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) seeks your protection then grant him protection, so that he may hear the Word of Allah (the Qur’an), and then escort him to where he can be secure, that is because they are men who know not. (Surah Al-Bara’at/Surah At-Taubah;6).

If there was more than one God, then what would have happened to the heavens and the earth? Had there been therein (in the heavens and the earth) gods besides Allah, then verily both would have been ruined. Glorified be Allah, the Lord of the Throne, (High is He) above what they attribute to Him! (Surah Al-Anbiya;22).

If we want things to improve for us, what must we do? That is so because Allah will never change a grace which He has bestowed on a people until they change what is in their ownselves. And verily, Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower. (Surah Al-Anfal;53)

If you have children, who will provide for them? And kill not your children for fear of poverty. We provide for them and for you. Surely, the killing of them is a great sin. (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel;31). “Kill not your children because of poverty – We provide sustenance for you and for them (Surah Al-Anam;151)

If you kill game whilst in the state of Ihram (eg. When performing Hajj or Umrah), name two things you can do to make up for this? O you who believe! Kill not game while you are in a state of Ihram for Hajj or ‘Umrah (pilgrimage), and whosoever of you kills it intentionally, the penalty is an offering, brought to the Ka’bah, of an eatable animal (i.e. sheep, goat, cow, etc.) equivalent to the one he killed, as adjudged by two just men among you; or, for expiation, he should feed Masakin (poor persons), or its equivalent in Saum (fasting), that he may taste the heaviness (punishment) of his deed. Allah has forgiven what is past, but whosoever commits it again, Allah (SWT) will take retribution from him. And Allah is All-Mighty, All-Able of Retribution. (Surah al-Maidah;95)

If you lend to Allah (SWT) a goodly loan, what Will Allah (SWT) Do for you in return? If you lend to Allah a goodly loan (i.e. spend in Allah’s Cause) He will double it for you, and will forgive you. And Allah is Most Ready to appreciate and to reward, Most Forbearing, (Surah At-Taghabun;17).

If you want to meet Allah (SWT), then whose example should we follow? Indeed in the Messenger of Allah (SWT) (Muhammad (PBUH) you have a good example to follow for him who hopes in (the Meeting with) Allah and the Last Day and remembers Allah much. (Surah Al-Ahzaab;21).

If your parents insist on you following other than Allah (SWT), what must you do? But if they (both) strive with you to make you join in worship with Me others that of which you have no knowledge, then obey them not, but behave with them in the world kindly, and follow the path of him who turns to Me in repentance and in obedience. Then to Me will be your return, and I shall tell you what you used to do. (Surah Luqman;15).

In how many days Allah (SWT) created the Seven Heavens? 12. Then He completed and finished from their creation (as) seven heavens in two Days and He made in each heaven its affair. And We adorned the nearest (lowest) heaven with lamps (stars) to be an adornment as well as to guard (from the devils by using them as missiles against the devils). Such is the Decree of Him the All-Mighty, the All-Knower.  (Surah Fussilat;12).  Say (O Muhammad ); “Do you verily disbelieve in Him Who created the earth in two Days and you set up rivals (in worship) with Him? That is the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). (Surah Fussilat;9)

In how many days the creation of earth and Heavens took place by Allah (SWT)? Six days. Indeed your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in Six Days, and then He Istawa (rose over) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His Majesty). He brings the night as a cover over the day, seeking it rapidly, and (He created) the sun, the moon, the stars subjected to His Command. Surely, His is the Creation and Commandment. Blessed be Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)! (Surah al-Araf;54) Allah it is He Who has created the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them in six Days. Then He Istawa (rose over) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). (Surah As-Sajdah;4 ).

In Islam how many days was the earth Created ? how many days in Christianity? Say (O Muhammad (PBUH); “Do you verily disbelieve in Him Who created the earth in two Days and you set up rivals (in worship) with Him? That is the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). (Surah Fussilat;9)  In Islam – 2 days. In Christianity – 6 days..

In Qur”an mankind is divided into two groups. Which are those two groups? Believers and disbelievers.  These two opponents (believers and disbelievers) dispute with each other about their Lord; then as for those who disbelieve, garments of fire will be cut out for them, boiling water will be poured down over their heads. (Surah Al-Hajj;19).

In the Qur’an the name of which companion of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is mentioned? Zaid Bin Harith.  And (remember) when you said to him (Zaid bin Harithah; the freed-slave of the Prophet ) on whom Allah has bestowed Grace (by guiding him to Islam) and you (O Muhammad (PBUH)   too) have done favour (by manumitting him) “Keep your wife to yourself, and fear Allah.” But you did hide in yourself (i.e. what Allah has already made known to you that He will give her to you in marriage) that which Allah will make manifest, you did fear the people (i.e., Muhammad (PBUH)   married the divorced wife of his manumitted slave) whereas Allah had a better right that you should fear Him. So when Zaid had accomplished his desire from her (i.e. divorced her), We gave her to you in marriage, so that (in future) there may be no difficulty to the believers in respect of (the marriage of) the wives of their adopted sons when the latter have no desire to keep them (i.e. they have divorced them). And Allah’s Command must be fulfilled. (Surah Al-Ahzab;37).

In the sight of Allah (SWT) which religion is superior? It is He Who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH) with guidance and the religion of truth (Islam), to make it superior over all religions even though the Mushrikun (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) hate (it). (Surah Al-Bara’at/Surah At-Taubah;33).

In what circumstances is fighting permitted in Islam? Islam, like many other religions, allows for armed self-defense, or retribution against tyranny, exploitation and oppression. Allah (SWT), the Exalted mentions in the Qur’an; 190. And fight in the Way of Allah those who fight you, but transgress not the limits. Truly, Allah likes not the transgressors.. (Surah Al-Baqarah;190) “And what is wrong with you that you fight not in the Cause of Allah, and for those weak, ill-treated and oppressed among men, women, and children, whose cry is; “Our Lord! Rescue us from this town whose people are oppressors; and raise for us from You one who will protect, and raise for us from You one who will help.” (Surah an-Nisaa;75). ‘If they seek peace, then seek you peace and trust in God for He is the Hearer, the Knower.’ (Surah Surah Al-Anfal; 61) ‘And let not the hatred of others make you avoid justice. Be just; that is next to piety; and fear Allah, for Allah is well-acquainted with all that you do.’ (Surah al-Maidah;8). That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein, and fight against the Mushrikun (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) collectively, as they fight against you collectively. But know that Allah  is with those who are Al-Muttaqun (the pious). (Surah Al-Bara’at/Surah At-Taubah;36).

In what manner is vegetation created/sex in plants? And of everything We have created pairs, that you may remember (the Grace of Allah). (Surah Ad-Dhariyat;49) And it is He Who spread out the earth, and placed therein firm mountains and rivers and of every kind of fruits. He made Zawjain Ithnain (two in pairs – may mean two kinds or it may mean; of two sorts, e.g. black and white, sweet and sour, small and big, etc.) He brings the night as a cover over the day. Verily, in these things, there are Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.) for people who reflect. (Surah Ar-Ra’d;3) He Who made the earth for you as a bed and laid for you walking paths in it and sent down rain from the sky. And thereby We brought forth-varied pairs of vegetation. (Surah Ta-Ha;53) During the time of the Prophet, botany was not a developed science and the system of reproduction of plants was not known. Differentiation of sex in plants was to be a later discovery. The concept of the production of diverse pairs of plants as stated in the Qur’an 1435 years ago is very meaningful. Most species of plants exhibit features of sex, namely, the production of specialized sex cells or gametes and the fusion of these cells in pairs, called fertilization. In flowering plants, the gametes are produced within the flowers. In the female portion, the egg of the plant forms a bulge; this is the ovum with its small and round seeds. Sperm is produced within the pollen tubes and then is carried by wind or insects or other agents from the pollen-producing organs of the flower to the stigma of the pistil. Inside the pistil are ovules, within each of which a female sex cell (egg) is produced. The fertilized egg develops into the embryo of the seed, and the ovule eventually becomes the mature seed. The pollen grain with its tube and contents is the male gametophytes of a flowering plant, and the central tissue (embryo sac) of the ovule with its egg constitutes the female gametophytes of a flowering plant. The case of plants’ sexual reproduction is even more complicated, and the sexuality in plants and reproduction are but one of the many aspects of the creation of plants. Every plant in its impeccable form is an ornament of our world, a part of our ecological system, a miracle of creation..

In what things a Muslim should cooperate with the other Muslim? “O you who believe! Violate not the sanctity of the Symbols of Allah, nor of the Sacred Month, nor of the animals brought for sacrifice, nor the garlanded people or animals, etc. [Marked by the garlands on their necks made from the outer part of the tree-stems (of Makkah) for their security], nor the people coming to the Sacred House (Makkah), seeking the bounty and good pleasure of their Lord. But when you finish the Ihram (of Hajj or ‘Umrah), you may hunt, and let not the hatred of some people in (once) stopping you from Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah) lead you to transgression (and hostility on your part). Help you one another in Al-Birr and At-Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety); but do not help one another in sin and transgression. And fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Severe in punishment. ” (Surah al-Maidah;2).

In what ways is Allah (SWT) Gracious and Merciful to man? Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The parable of His Light is as (if there were) a niche and within it a lamp, the lamp is in glass, the glass as it were a brilliant star, lit from a blessed tree, an olive, neither of the east (i.e. neither it gets sun-rays only in the morning) nor of the west (i.e. nor it gets sun-rays only in the afternoon, but it is exposed to the sun all day long), whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself), though no fire touched it. Light upon Light! Allah guides to His Light whom He wills. And Allah sets forth parables for mankind, and Allah is All-Knower of everything. (Surah an-Nur;35) Just as light can be in many places at one time, so Allah (SWT) is always present wherever we are. Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an; And indeed We have created man, and We know what his own self whispers to him. And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein (by Our Knowledge). (Surah Qaf;16) Therefore, Allah (SWT) is so great, He is not far away where He cannot see or hear us. He says; “Invoke Me, [i.e. believe in My Oneness (Islamic Monotheism)] (and ask Me for anything) I will respond to your (invocation). Verily! Those who scorn My worship [i.e. do not invoke Me, and do not believe in My Oneness, (Islamic Monotheism)] they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!” (Surah Ghafir or Al-Mu’min;60).

In which language was the Holy Qur’an revealed? The Holy Qur’an is the divine scripture or sacred text of the religion of Islam. Muslims believe and prove that the Qur’an is the literal word of God. Qur’an was revealed to Allah’s final messenger Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) through the Angel of Allah (SWT), Gabriel, to bring humankind out of the darkness of polytheism and ignorance and into the light of Islam. The revelations took place partly in Makkah and partly in Madinah. The message was revealed in Arabic, the language of the people it was initially addressed to, even though the message was ultimately for the whole of humanity. Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an “Verily, We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’an in order that you may understand. We relate unto you (Muhammad (PBUH) the best of stories through Our Revelations unto you, of this Qur’an. And before this (i.e. before the coming of Divine Inspiration to you), you were among those who knew nothing about it (the Qur’an). (Surah Yusuf;2-3).

In whom should Muslim trust? If Allah helps you, none can overcome you; and if He forsakes you, who is there after Him that can help you? And in Allah (Alone) let believers put their trust. (Surah Ale-Imran;160).

Inheritance and wills →”And for all, We have made heirs to what is left by parents and relatives. And to those whom your oaths have bound [to you] – give them their share. Indeed Allah is ever, over all things, a Witness.” (Surah an-Nisaa;33)

Invitation to God should be with wisdom and good instruction → Invite (mankind, O Muhammad) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islam) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Inspiration and the Qur’an) and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better. Truly, your Lord knows best who has gone astray from His Path, and He is the Best Aware of those who are guided (Surah an-Nahl;125).

Invoke not any other god along with Allah (SWT) → And invoke not any other ilah (god) along with Allah (SWT), La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). Everything will perish save His Face. His is the Decision, and to Him you (all) shall be returned. (Surah al-Qasas;88).

Is ’Having majority’ in religion consider the criterion of truth? ’Having majority’ is not a criterion of truth’ in Islam. Qur’an says; 116. And if you obey most of those on earth, they will mislead you far away from Allah’s Path. They follow nothing but conjectures, and they do nothing but lie. (Surah Al-An’am;116. )

Is a certain type of apes (monkeys) nowadays the offspring of originally humans?  163. And ask them (O Muhammad ) about the town that was by the sea, when they transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath (i.e. Saturday); when their fish came to them openly on the Sabbath day, and did not come to them on the day they had no Sabbath. Thus We made a trial of them for they used to rebel.164. And when a community among them said; “Why do you preach to a people whom Allah is about to destroy or to punish with a severe torment?” (The preachers) said; “In order to be free from guilt before your Lord (Allah), and perhaps they may fear Allah.”165. So when they forgot the remindings that had been given to them, We rescued those who forbade evil, but We seized those who did wrong with a severe torment because they used to rebel (disobey Allah).166. So when they exceeded the limits of what they were prohibited, We said to them; “Be you monkeys, despised and rejected.” (It is a severe warning to the mankind that they should not disobey what Allah commands them to do, and be far away from what He prohibits them). (Surah Al-Ara’f;163-166).

Is adoption allowed in Islam? “Call them (adopted sons) by (the names of) their fathers, that is more just with Allah. But if you know not their father’s (names, call them) your brothers in faith and Mawalikum (your freed slaves). And there is no sin on you if you make a mistake therein, except in regard to what your hearts deliberately intend. And Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah Al-Ahzab;5).

Is Allah (SWT) with us? Allah (SWT) is with us by His Knowledge (of all things). He hears and sees us, as He says; “He (Allah) said; “Fear not, verily! I am with you both, hearing and seeing”. (Surah Ta-Ha;46) The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said;  You call upon the One Who hears, Who is near and is with you (i.e. through His Knowledge’(Muslim).

Is Belief in the Qur’an part of being righteous and pious?Allah tells us in the Qur’an the various criteria of being   righteous and pious, one of which is the faith in this book (Qur’an).It is no virtue that you turn your faces towards the east or the west, but virtue is that one should sincerely believe in Allah and the Last Day and the Angels and the Book and the Prophets and, out of His love, spend of one’s choice wealth for relatives and orphans, for the needy and the wayfarer, for beggars and for the ransom of slaves, and establish the Salat and pay the Zakat. And the virtuous are those who keep their pledges when they make them and show fortitude in hardships and adversity and in the struggle between the Truth and falsehood; such are the truthful people and such are the pious.Qur’an (Surah Al-Baqarah;177)

Is Circumambulating (Tawaf) the Ka`bah a Cosmic Law? Allah (SWT) Almighty says; And He it is Who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. They float, each in an orbit. (Surah Al-Anbiya;33) This glorious verse refers to a scientific fact concerning the system of the universe. Scientific discoveries have proved that we live in a huge universe that depends on revolution. The earth revolves round the sun once a year, the moon revolves around the earth once per lunar month, and the other planets of the solar system also revolve round the sun, each in its own orbit. Besides, most of these planets have moons that revolve around them, each also in its own orbit. Astronomers have discovered more than 60 of these moons so far. The solar system, likewise, orbits a center of our galaxy, the Milky Way. This galaxy consists of more than 130 billion stars. Galaxies, in turn, revolve round a center that only Allah (SWT) knows. The law of revolution applies also to atoms, the smallest units of elements that cannot be seen even by microscopes. An atom is composed of a nucleus whose diameter is less than a millionth of a millimeter. An atom is surrounded by electrons that move round the atom in an orbit. Since all matter in the universe-whether solid, liquid, or gaseous-consists of atoms, this means that the law of revolution applies to everything; stars, planets, moons, animals, plants, sand, seas, air, and so on. This includes cells as well. The cytoplasm in the cell moves around the nucleus. With a believer’s meditation upon such a scientific fact, another image of revolution is brought to one’s mind; the pilgrims’ circumambulation of the Ka`bah, which is a basic ritual of Hajj in Islam. Circumambulating the Ka`bah is a symbolic act of worship, whose wisdom may be hidden form some. It indicates the believers’ utter submission to Almighty Allah (SWT) alone. The pilgrims go to Hajj in response to the divine order that Prophet Abraham (peace and blessings be upon him) conveyed to people. Allah (SWT) Almighty says;  And (remember) when We prepared for Abraham the place of the (holy) House, saying; Ascribe thou no thing as partner unto Me, and purify My House for those who make the round (thereof) and those who stand and those who bow and make prostration. And proclaim unto mankind the pilgrimage. They will come unto thee on foot and on every lean camel; they will come from every deep ravine. (Surah Al-Hajj;26-27) This signifies that the Ka`bah is the spiritual center of the believers. It refers to the close bond that should be between a believer and his Lord. A believer turns toward the Ka`bah five times a day during the prescribed ritual Prayers. A pilgrim circumambulates the Ka`bah as if he or she is a celestial body orbiting another greater body. Circumambulation of the Ka`bah is to be performed counterclockwise. This indicates that there is a joint factor between a pilgrim’s expressing his ultimate faith in Almighty Allah (SWT) by circumambulating the Ka`bah in that way and between the cosmic law of revolution discussed above. This indicates that there is consistency between the obligations of worship in Islam and the natural laws that govern the universe, which indicates that they all belong to only one source that is; Almighty Allah (SWT).This proves the truthfulness of the call of Islam that there is no god but Almighty Allah (SWT). Thus, Islam is the true religion that provides humankind with a comprehensive view in conformity with the divine truth that is apparent in the natural laws of the universe..

Is Clay the Origin of Life → According to Bucaille the following two verses indicate, man is presented in the Qur’an as a being that is intimately linked with the earth; 17. And Allah has brought you forth from the (dust of) earth. .18. Afterwards He will return you into it (the earth), and bring you forth (again on the Day of Resurrection)? (Surah Nuh; 17-18) 55. Thereof (the earth) We created you, and into it We shall  We created man from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud. (Surah Al-Hijr; 26) 5. O mankind! If you are in doubt about the Resurrection, then verily! We have created you (i.e. Adam) from dust, then from a Nutfah (mixed drops of male and female sexual discharge i.e. offspring of Adam), then from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood) then from a little lump of flesh, some formed and some unformed (miscarriage), that We may make (it) clear to you (i.e. to show you Our Power and Ability to do what We will). And We cause whom We will to remain in the wombs for an appointed term, then We bring you out as infants, then (give you growth) that you may reach your age of full strength. And among you there is he who dies (young), and among you there is he who is brought back to the miserable old age, so that he knows nothing after having known. And you see the earth barren, but when We send down water (rain) on it, it is stirred (to life), it swells and puts forth every lovely kind (of growth). (Surah Al-Hajj;5) 2. He it is Who has created you from clay, and then has decreed a stated term (for you to die). And there is with Him another determined term (for you to be resurrected), yet you doubt (in the Resurrection). (Surah Al-An’am;2) 7. Who made everything He has created good, and He began the creation of man from clay. (Surah As-Sajdah;7) 11. Then ask them (i.e. these polytheists, O Muhammad ); “Are they stronger as creation, or those (others like the heavens and the earth and the mountains, etc.) whom We have created?” Verily, We created them of a sticky clay. (Surah As-Saffaat;11) 14. He created man (Adam) from sounding clay like the clay of pottery. (Surah Ar-Rahman;14) 12. And indeed We created man (Adam) out of an extract of clay (water and earth). (Surah Al-Mu’minun;12) He was quite aware of you when He produced you from the earth and when you were still embryos in your mother’s wombs. (Surah An-Najm;32) Chemically clays are aluminosilicates and classified according to the relative number of tetrahedral and octahedral layers.  Montmorillonite clays could have served as supports and as catalysts for the emergence of the first biomolecules.  In an article entitled The First Organisms, published in Scientific American, Jun 1985, pp90-109, Cairns-Smith a leading advocate of the idea that life began with clays and argues that the first organisms to evolve on earth may have been made of crystals of clay Some scientists believe that clays are capable of storing information and can replicate.  The importance of clays for the origin of life can be traced to J. D. Bemal who listed the advantageous features of clays for the origins of life in his book “The Physical Basis of life” in detail. (What is the Origin of Man/Paris ; Seghers, 1983, pp169-179)

Is cloning predicted in the Qur’an?  116. Verily! Allah forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners in worship with Him, but He forgives whom he pleases sins other than that, and whoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, has indeed strayed far away.117. They (all those who worship others than Allah) invoke nothing but female deities besides Him (Allah), and they invoke nothing but Shaitan (Satan), a persistent rebel! 118. Allah cursed him. And he [Shaitan (Satan)] said; “I will take an appointed portion of your slaves; 119. Verily, I will mislead them, and surely, I will arouse in them false desires; and certainly, I will order them to slit the ears of cattle, and indeed I will order them to change the nature created by Allah.” And whoever takes Shaitan (Satan) as a Wali (protector or helper) instead of Allah, has surely suffered a manifest loss.120. He [Shaitan (Satan)] makes promises to them, and arouses in them false desires; and Shaitan’s (Satan) promises are nothing but deceptions.121. The dwelling of such (people) is Hell, and they will find no way of escape from it. (Surah An-Nisaa’; 116-121).

Is contraception (preventing one’s wife from becoming pregnant or abortion) allowed in Islam? What is the authentic Islamic ruling about it? Muslims strive to build strong family and community bonds and welcome children as a gift from Allah (SWT). Marriage is encouraged, and raising children is one of the main purposes of Marriage in Islam.  Few Muslims choose to remain child-free by choice, but many prefer to plan their families through the use of contraception. The Qur’an does not specifically refer to contraception or family planning.  All the scholars unanimously agree that all methods of family planning are completely HARAAM (prohibited) The Prophet (PBUH) is reported to have said; “Marry the one who is loving and fertile, for I will be proud of your great numbers before the nations [i.e., on the Day of Resurrection]. In verses forbidding infanticide, the Qur’an warns Muslims, “And kill not your children for fear of poverty. We provide for them and for you. Surely, the killing of them is a great sin.” (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel;31)  “Kill not your children because of poverty – We provide sustenance for you and for them (Surah Al-Anam;151) Islam considers abortion as murder and does not permit it except to save the mother’s life However, scholars unanimously agree that any permanent method of family planning, or even abortion, can be done if the life of the mother is in danger. For e.g. if the woman is suffering from certain diseases like heart disease or has under gone multiple caesarean operations and in her case the continuation of pregnancy or another pregnancy may be detrimental to her life, then the woman can be aborted or a permanent method of family planning can be adopted to save the life of the woman. Some early forms of birth control were practiced during the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and he did not object to their appropriate use – such as to benefit the family or the mother’s health, or to delay pregnancy for a certain period of time. This verse serves as a reminder, though, that Allah (SWT) takes care of our needs and we should not hesitate to bring children into the world out of fear or for selfish reasons. We must also remember that no method of birth control is 100% effective; Allah (SWT) is the Creator, and if Allah (SWT) wants a couple to have a child, we should accept it as His will..  snv

Is derision or ridicule or calling people with nicknames allowed in Islam?     People who do not live by the moral values of the Qur’an deride other people by calling them by offensive nicknames in an attempt to dishonour them and thus exalt themselves. Believers, on the other hand, never behave in such a  poor manner. Allah strictly prohibits believers from doing so, stating that those who do not obey this injunction are wrongdoers ; O you who believe! Let not a group scoff at another group, it may be that the latter are better than the former; nor let (some) women scoff at other women, it may be that the latter are better than the former, nor defame one another, nor insult one another by nicknames. How bad is it, to insult one’s brother after having Faith [i.e. to call your Muslim brother (a faithful believer) as; “O sinner”, or “O wicked”, etc.]. And whosoever does not repent, then such are indeed Zalimun (wrong-doers, etc.). (Surah al-Hujuraat;11) Those who conform to the morals of the Qur’an never behave in this indecent way, which is disapproved of by Allah. They address each other in the most pleasing way and deeply respect each other as sincere servants of Allah.

Is Eve (woman) blamed for the fall of Adam (man) on earth?  In Islam, woman is not blamed for the ‘fall of man’. Pregnancy and childbirth are not seen as punishments for ‘eating from the forbidden tree’. On the contrary, the Qur’an considers them to be grounds for love and respect due to mothers. In narrating the story of Adam and Eve, the Qur’an frequently refers to both of them, never singling out Eve to blame; Qur’an mentions, “O Adam! Dwell you and your wife in the garden and enjoy (its good things) as you [both] wish; but approach not this tree or you [both] run into harm and transgression. Then began Satan to whisper suggestions to them bringing openly before their minds all their shame that was hidden from them (before); he said ‘Your Lord only forbade you this tree lest you [both] should become angels or such beings as live forever.’ And he swore to them both that he was their sincere adviser. So by deceit he brought about their fall; when they tasted of the tree their shame became manifest to them and they began to sew together the leaves of the garden over their bodies. And their Lord called unto them; ‘Did I not forbid you that tree and tell you that Satan was an avowed enemy unto you?’ They said; ‘Our Lord! We have wronged our own souls; if you forgive us not and bestow not upon us Your mercy we shall certainly be lost.’ (Allah) said; ‘Get you [both] down with enmity between yourselves. On earth will be your dwelling-place and your means of livelihood for a time.’ He said; ‘Therein shall you [both] live and therein shall you [both] die; and from it shall you [both] be taken out (at last).’ O you children of Adam! We have bestowed raiment upon you to cover your shame as well as to be an adornment to you but the raiment of righteousness that is the best. Such are among the signs of Allah that they may receive admonition! O you children of Adam! Let not Satan seduce you in the same manner as he got your parents out of the garden stripping them of their raiment to expose their shame; for he and his tribe watch you from a position where you cannot see them; We made the evil ones friends (only) to those without faith. (Surah al-Araf;19-27) On the question of pregnancy and childbirth, the Qur’an states; And We have enjoined on the person (to be good) to his/her parents; in travail upon travail did his/her mother bear his/her and in years twain was his/her weaning; (hear the command) ‘Show gratitude to Me and to your parents; to Me is (your final) Goal. (Surah Luqman;14) We have enjoined on the person kindness to his/her parents; in pain did his/her mother bear him/her and in paid did she give him/her birth. The carrying of the (child) to his/her weaning is (a period of) thirty months. At length when he/she reaches the age of full strength and attains forty years he/she says ‘O my Lord! Grant me that I may be grateful for Your favour which You have bestowed upon me and upon both my parents and that I may work righteousness such as You may approve; and be gracious to me in my issue. Truly have I turned to You and truly do I bow (to You) in Islam [submission].’ (Surah Al-Ahqaf;15).

Is Freedom of thought and religion mentioned in the Qur’an? The Qur’an provides an environment where people can fully enjoy freedom of thought and freedom of religion and allows people to live by the faith and values they believe in. According to Islam, everyone has the right to live freely by his beliefs, whatever they may be. Anyone who wants to support a church, a synagogue or a mosque must be free to do so. In this sense, freedom of religion, or freedom of belief, is one of the basic tenets of Islam. There is always freedom of religion wherever the moral values of the Qur’an prevail. That is why Muslims also treat Jews and Christians, described in the Qur’an as “the People of the Book,” with great justice, love and compassion. Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an; “God does not forbid you from being good to those who have not fought you in the religion or driven you from your homes or from being just towards them. God loves those who are just.” (Surah  al-Mumtahana;8).

Is giving and receiving illegal gratification allowed to a Muslim? Do not bribe the officials or the judges to deprive others of their possessions.  And eat up not one another’s property unjustly (in any illegal way e.g. stealing, robbing, deceiving, etc.), nor give bribery to the rulers (judges before presenting your cases) that you may knowingly eat up a part of the property of others sinfully. (Surah Al-Baqarah;188).  Snv

Is God One? God Our God is One, the Only True God. 163. And your Ilah (God) is One Ilah (God – Allah), La ilaha illa Huwa (there is none who has the right to be worshipped but He), the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. (Surah Al-Baqarah;163)  “First of all, believe that God is One, even He who created all things and set them in order, and brought all things from non-existence into being, who comprehends all things, being alone incomprehensible.  Believe Him therefore, and fear Him, and in this fear be self-restrained.  Keep these things, and you will cast off all wickedness from yourself, and will clothe yourself with every excellence of righteousness, and will live to God, if you keep this commandment.” (Shepherd of Hermas 26:1-2], Gospel)…[And] as concerning therefore the eating of those things that are offered in sacrifice to idols, we know that an idol [is] nothing in the world, and that [there is] no other God but one. (1 Corinthians 8:4, Gospel)…Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God [is] one Lord, and you will love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your might. (Deuteronomy 6:4 – 5, Torah)

Is Hadith along with Sunnah the secondary source of Islamic Sharia? Hadith along with Sunnah is the secondary source of Islamic Sharia consisted of the deeds and sayings of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). The Holy Qur’an emphatically describes the position and status of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as an ideal and best exampler. Indeed in the Messenger of Allah (Muhammad (PBUH) you have a good example to follow for him who hopes in (the Meeting with) Allah and the Last Day and remembers Allah much. (Surah Al-Ahzab;21) The Muslims are enjoined to follow the way of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). Allah (SWT) says, ” And whatsoever the Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH) gives you, take it, and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain (from it), and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Severe in punishment. (Surah Al-Hashr;7) It is only an Inspiration that is inspired. He has been taught (this Qur’an) by one mighty in power [Jibrael (Gabriel)]. (Surah An-Najm;4-5). In the light of these Qur’anic injunctions, the deeds and sayings of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) the prophecies mentioned in Hadith are also very important and prove the truthfulness of the person upon whom this Holy Book (Qur’an) was revealed..

Is having majority’ a criterion of truth? And if you obey most of those on earth, they will mislead you far away from Allah’s Path. They follow nothing but conjectures, and they do nothing but lie. (Surah Al-An’am;116) ’Having majority’ is not a criterion of truth..

Is Hell divided into ranks?  In Hell, everyone will be repaid in full for what they did. Certainly people will be ranked according to the intensity of their disbelief, the confusion they stirred up concerning the believers and Allah’s religion, and according to the seriousness of the wrongdoing they used to commit in the world. For example, it is declared in the Qur’an that hypocrites, the main enemies of believers against whom they hatch secret plans, will be in the lowest level of the Fire (Surah  an-Nisa’;145). Likewise, it is stated in the verse below that all unbelievers will certainly enter the Fire and, with the justice of Allah, will be paid in full for what they did;Those are people of whom the statement about the nations, both of jinn and men, who passed away before them, has also proved true; truly they were the lost. Everyone will be ranked according to what they did. We will pay them in full for their actions and they will not be wronged.  (Surah  al-Ahqaf;18-19)Besides this, unless Allah wills otherwise, people will not be forgiven and released from Hell after a given period of punishment for their wrong actions. Every unbeliever who enters Hell will remain in it for eternity, forever (Surah  al-Baqara;80-81).

Is Islam a natural way of life, or it is the ‘Religion of Nature’ ‘Does the Qur’an mention anything in this regard?  Yes. The Qur’an says; Do they seek other than the religion of Allah (SWT) (the true Islamic Monotheism worshipping none but Allah (SWT) Alone), while to Him submitted all creatures in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly. And to Him shall they all be returned. (Surah Ale-Imran;83).

Is Islam as a new religion founded or started by Muhammad (PBUH)? No. Islam, as a matter of fact, is the oldest religion. Muhammad (PBUH) never claimed that he brought to the people a new religion. The Holy Qur’an mentions “He (Allah) has ordained for you the same religion (Islam) which He ordained for Nuh (Nuh), and that which We have inspired in you (O Muhammad (PBUH), and that which We ordained for Ibrahim(AS)  (Abraham), Musa (AS) (Moses) and ‘Isa (AS) (Jesus) saying you should establish religion (i.e. to do what it orders you to do practically), and make no divisions in it (religion) (i.e. various sects in religion). Intolerable for the Mushrikun, is that to which you (O Muhammad (PBUH) call them. Allah (SWT) chooses for Himself whom He wills, and guides unto Himself who turns to Him in repentance and in obedience.”(Surah Ash-Shu’ara;13) “Say (O Muhammad (PBUH); “We believe in Allah (SWT) and in what has been sent down to us, and what was sent down to Ibrahim (AS)  (Abraham), Isma’il (AS) (Ishmael), Ishaque(AS)  (Isaac), Ya’qub(AS)  (Jacob) and Al-Asbat [the twelve sons of Ya’qub (AS) (Jacob)] and what was given to Musa (AS) (Moses), ‘Isa (AS) (Jesus) and the Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between one another among them and to Him (Allah (SWT) we have submitted (in Islam).” (Surah Ale-Imran;84).

Is it appropriate to believe in superstitions? Superstitions are irrational and mistaken beliefs that spread among the people. Some people may become nervous due to their unfounded beliefs, such as believing that some beings bring bad luck. However, no one or thing can bring good or bad luck, for nothing in the universe comes into being by mere chance. Every person, plant, animal, or object has its own destiny. How long they will live, how their life will be, what they will look like, and everything else is already known in Allah‘ s sight, for not a leaf falls without Him knowing it.Every event that has taken place since the creation of the universe, and that will take place in the future, occurs according to Allah’s will. No person, animal, or object has the strength to change this destiny. If a person meets with an unexpected accident, this is due to his or her destiny, which was predetermined even before he or she was created. Achieving success, regaining one’s health, or coming across something good is not due to good luck, but to Allah’s favor;The keys of the Unseen are in His possession. No one knows them but Him. He knows everything in the land and sea. No leaf falls without His knowing it. There is no seed in the darkness of the earth, and nothing moist or dry, which is not in a Clear Book.  (Surah  al-An`am;59)

Is it permitted to ask for the prayer of those who are living? Yes, it is permitted to ask for the prayer of those who are living, but not from those who are dead. Allah (SWT) said to the Messenger (when he was alive.)  “So know (O Muhammad (PBUH) that La ilaha ill-Allah none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and ask forgiveness for your sin, and also for (the sin of) believing men and believing women. And Allah knows well your moving about, and your place of rest (in your homes).” (Surah Muhammad;19).

Is it permitted to circumambulate any other structure besides the Ka‘ba? No, it is not permitted to circumambulate any other structure besides the Ka‘ba, as Allah (SWT) says; “And circumambulate the Ancient House (the Ka‘ba at Makka)” (Surah Al-Hajj;29).

Is it permitted to sacrifice in any name besides Allah (SWT)? No, it is not permitted, the proof is Allah (SWT)’s Saying; “Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice  (to Him only).” (Surah Al-Kauthar;2) (To sacrifice is to slaughter an animal for food in Allah’s Name) The Prophet Muhammad  (PBUH)  said; “Allah curses whoever sacrifices and slaughters in any name other than Allah.” (Muslim).

Is it permitted to seek help from any other besides Allah (SWT)? No, it is not permitted, the evidence is Allah’s Saying; “You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).” (Surah Al-Fatiha; 5)  The Prophet Muhammad  (PBUH)  said; “If you ask, ask of Allah, if you seek help, seek help of Allah”. (Tirmidhi).

Is it permitted to swear oaths (make vows) to any other besides in the Name of Allah (SWT)? No, it is not permitted to swear oaths except in Allah (SWT)’s Name, as Allah (SWT) mentions the words of Mary’s mother; “O my Lord! I have vowed to You what (the child that) is in my womb to be dedicated for Your services (free from all worldly work; to serve Your Place of worship).” (Surah Ale-Imran;35) Allah (SWT) says; Say; Yes! By my Lord, you will certainly be resurrected… ” (Surah Al-Taghabun;7).

Is it proper to complain about a disease, a disability, a physical defect, or poverty? Such imperfections are specially created by Allah in order to make people grasp the temporary nature of this world’s life and yearn for Paradise, so that they will strive to attain it. Hence, and in fact, these imperfections are blessings that Allah grants to His servants. For those who know how to take heed, situations that seem to be difficulties in the world turn out to be great blessings in respect to the eternal life. Allah promises Paradise to His servants who, when faced with the deficiencies and difficulties of this world’s life, trust Allah and are steadfast in order to earn His good pleasure. Furthermore, Allah will remove all imperfections, both spiritual and physical, of those who attain Paradise and will create them in the most beautiful and eternal form.That is why, when faced with any imperfection, one should remember this fact and utterly yield to Allah, the Lord of infinite wisdom. There is absolute goodness and great wisdom, unknown to any person, in the destiny that Allah has determined for them. It is incompatible with the Qur’an’s morals to be displeased with and to complain of situations that people do not like, such as poverty, unattractiveness, or sickness. All men and women should be content with their destiny, for those who complain and are unhappy with a situation are, in fact, displeased with a good thing that Allah has willed for them. Such an attitude displays their ingratitude toward Allah, because He creates every incident in order to test people, and makes it a means for their eternal salvation. The ideal behavior that believers should exhibit is described in the Qur’an, as follows; Say; “Nothing can happen to us except what Allah has ordained for us. He is Our Master. It is in Allah that the believers should put their trust.”  (Surah  at-Tawba;51)

Is it proper to refer to people as “the people of Paradise” or “the people of Hell” while still in this world? Making such comments is improper, for only Allah knows who will  enter Paradise and Hell. People will have such knowledge, if Allah wills, only in the Hereafter. The believers hope for Paradise, but they can never be sure whether they will enter it. Prophet Yusuf’s (as) prayer that he be allowed to die as a Muslim is a good example of this;… Originator of the heavens and Earth, You are my Friend in this world and the Next. So take me as a Muslim at my death and join me to the righteous.  (Surah Yusuf;101)

Is it proper to talk about the future in a definite manner? No, for only Allah knows what will happen. Whatever one encounters in a week, a minute, or a second later occurs completely by His will. Thus, people cannot possibly make a definite plan even for the following day. Allah may redirect or even end the course of a person’s life, send a serious accident or a fatal illness, destroy his or her city by means of an earthquake, or send some other unexpected events. As people cannot know their destiny, which Allah has predetermined, they have no guarantee that they will even be able to execute a given plan in the next second. Given that all events occur according to Allah’s decree, the Qur’an advises people not to talk about anything so definitely, but rather to say; “If Allah wills,” as follows;Never say about anything; “I am doing that tomorrow,” without adding; “If Allah wills.” Remember your Lord when you forget, and say; “Hopefully my Lord will guide me to something closer to right guidance than this.” (Surah  al-Kahf;23-24)

Is it sufficient to recite the Qur’an? Today, many people who characterise themselves as Muslims, in fact, do not know what Allah wants them to do nor how they can be true Muslims. This is because they have not read the holy book that Allah has sent to them even once throughout their lives. However, Allah has sent the Qur’an to inform us why He has created mankind and what He wants us to do. Those who desire to know Allah, and to enter His Paradise earning His good pleasure, should have a thorough knowledge of the Qur’an. However in societies of ignorance there is an erroneous opinion of the Qur’an. Some of these people merely read the Qur’an, yet do not reflect on the advice that Allah offers them and neither do they follow it. Reading the Qur’an is certainly a form of worship, but the Qur’an is read in order to know Allah and to learn and act upon what He wants. Again, some of these people think that the Qur’an is merely a book of prayers. While praying, they recite the verses they previously memorised, but do not understand their meaning. Allah has given examples in the Qur’an of the prayers of prophets; no doubt the believers should take them as a model. However, it would be a mistake to consider the Qur’an as merely a book of prayers. The Qur’an was sent by Allah as a guidance for believers, and its clear verses deliver believers from darkness to light. Allah relates this feature of the Qur’an as follows;… A Light has come to you from Allah and a Clear Book. By it, Allah guides those who follow what pleases Him to the ways of Peace. He will bring them from the darkness to the light by His permission, and guide them to a straight path. (Surah  al-Ma’ida;15-16)… This is a Book We have sent down to you so that you can bring mankind from the darkness to the light, by the permission of their Lord, to the Path of the Almighty, the Praiseworthy.  (Surah Ibrahim;1)An erroneous belief that these people hold about the Qur’an is that it was sent to past nations. Yet despite the passing time, developing technology, or living in the space age or in the computer age does not change anything at all. The greed, passions, opinions and ignorance of people who lived 1430 years ago are identical with those of the people of today or of the people of the future. On the other hand, the source of true knowledge that these behaviours should be replaced with is always the Qur’an. Those who, in order not to obey the Qur’an, assert that it is “the legends of previous people”, are warned of Hell as follows;When Our Signs are recited to him, he says, “Just myths and legends of the previous peoples!” No indeed! Rather what they have earned has rusted up their hearts. No indeed! Rather that Day they will be veiled from their Lord. Then they will roast in the Blazing Fire.  (Surah  al-Mutaffifin;13-16)

Is it Correct to Label Days as Auspicious and Inauspicious? There are only two instances in the Qur’an which alludes to inauspicious days – and which narrate the story of the people of ‘Ad; Verily, We sent against them a furious wind of harsh voice on a day of evil omen and continuous calamity. (Surah al-Qamar;19) So We sent upon them furious wind in days of evil omen (for them) that We might give them a taste of disgracing torment in this present worldly life, but surely the torment of the Hereafter will be more disgracing, and they will never be helped. (Surah al-Fussilat;16) On the other hand, the expression (blessed) too is observed in some of the verses of the Qur’an, as is mentioned in connection with the Night of Qadr; “We sent it (this Qur’an) down on a blessed night (Surah al-Qadr;3) [i.e. night of Qadr, in the month of Ramadan, the 9th month of the Islamic calendar]. Verily, We are ever warning [mankind that Our Torment will reach those who disbelieve in Our Oneness of Lordship and in Our Oneness of worship]. (Surah al-Dukhan;3).

Is Jesus said to obey him→ When Jesus came with Clear Signs, he said; “Now have I come to you with Wisdom, and in order to make clear to you some of the (points) on which ye dispute; therefore fear Allah and obey me. (Surah Az-Zukhruf;63)

Is Jesus said to people worship me and my mother as gods? And behold! Allah will say; “O Jesus the son of Mary! Didst thou say unto men, worship me and my mother as gods in derogation of Allah’?” He will say; “Glory to Thee! never could I say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, thou wouldst indeed have known it. Thou knowest what is in my heart, Thou I know not what is in Thine. For Thou knowest in full all that is hidden. (Surah Al-Maidah;116).

Is Jesus Son of God → Qur’an denies the sonship of God. “Such (was) Jesus the son of Mary; (it is) a statement of truth, about which they (vainly) dispute. 35 It is not befitting to (the majesty of) Allah that He should beget a son. Glory be to Him! when He determines a matter, He only says to it, “Be”, and it is.” (Surah Maryam; 34-35) Qur’an says  “And remember We took from the prophets their covenant; As (We did) from thee; from Nuh, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus the son of Mary; We took from them a solemn covenant;”  (Surah Al-Ahzab;7)

Is maligning someone allowed in Islam? And those who annoy believing men and women undeservedly, bear on themselves the crime of slander and plain sin. (Surah Al-Ahzab;58).

Is man superior to woman in respect of action? And wish not for the things in which Allah has made some of you to excel others. For men there is reward for what they have earned, (and likewise) for women there is reward for what they have earned, and ask Allah of His Bounty. Surely, Allah is Ever All-Knower of everything. (Surah an-Nisaa;32).

Is marriage with a widow allowed before the iddat has expired? And there is no sin on you if you make a hint of betrothal or conceal it in yourself, Allah knows that you will remember them, but do not make a promise of contract with them in secret except that you speak an honourable saying according to the Islamic law (e.g. you can say to her, “If one finds a wife like you, he will be happy”). And do not consummate the marriage until the term prescribed is fulfilled. And know that Allah knows what is in your minds, so fear Him. And know that Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Forbearing.   (Surah Al-Baqarah;235).

Is marriage with orphan girls allowed or not? They ask your legal instruction concerning women, say; Allah instructs you about them, and about what is recited unto you in the Book concerning the orphan girls whom you give not the prescribed portions (as regards Mahr and inheritance) and yet whom you desire to marry, and (concerning) the children who are weak and oppressed, and that you stand firm for justice to orphans. And whatever good you do, Allah is Ever All-Aware of it.  (Surah an-Nisaa; 127).

Is marriage with women of scriptures allowed or not? 5. Made lawful to you this day are At-Tayyibat [all kinds of Halal (lawful) foods, which Allah has made lawful (meat of slaughtered eatable animals, etc., milk products, fats, vegetables and fruits, etc.). The food (slaughtered cattle, eatable animals, etc.) of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) is lawful to you and yours is lawful to them. (Lawful to you in marriage) are chaste women from the believers and chaste women from those who were given the Scripture (Jews and Christians) before your time, when you have given their due Mahr (bridal money given by the husband to his wife at the time of marriage), desiring chastity (i.e. taking them in legal wedlock) not committing illegal sexual intercourse, nor taking them as girl-friends. And whosoever disbelieves in the Oneness of Allah and in all the other Articles of Faith [i.e. His (Allah’s), Angels, His Holy Books, His Messengers, the Day of Resurrection and Al-Qadar (Divine Preordainments)], then fruitless is his work, and in the Hereafter he will be among the losers.  (Surah al-Maidah;5).

Is Muhammad God’s apostle. Did you suppose that you would enter Paradise before God has proved the men who fought for Him and endured with fortitude?  You used to wish for death before you met it, and now you have seen what is it like.  Muhammad is no more than an apostle; other apostles have passed away before him.  If he die or be slain, will you recant?  He that recants will do no harm to God.  But God will recompense the thankful. (Surah Aal Imraan; 144)  Muhammad is the father of no man among you.  He is the Apostle of God and the Seal of the Prophets.  Surely God has knowledge of all things. (Surah Al-Ahzaab; 40) God will bring to nothing the deeds of those who disbelieve and debar others from His path.  As for the faithful who do good works and believe in what has beeen revealed to Muhammad – which is the Truth form their Lord – He will forgive them their sins and ennoble their state. (Surah Muhammad;2) Muhammad is God’s apostle.  Those who follow him are ruthless to the unbelieves but merciful to one another.  You see them worshipping on their knees, seeking grace of God and His good will.  Their makes are on their faces, the traces of their prostrations  Thus are they described in the Torah and in the Gospel;  they are like the seed which puts forth its shoot and strengthens it, so that it rises stout and firm upon its stalk, delighting the sowers.  Through them He seeks to enrage the unbelievers.  Yet to those of them who will embrace the Faith and do good works God has promised forgiveness and a rich recomense. (Surah Al-Fatah;29) And of Jesus son of Mary, who said to the Israelites; ‘I am sent forth to you from God to confirm the Torah already revealed, and to give news of an apostle that will come after me whoses name is Ahmad.‘  Yet when he brought them conspicuous signs, they said; ‘This is plain sorcery.” (Surah Al-Saff;6) .

Is Peace the cornerstone of Islam? The word “Islam” is derived from the word meaning “peace” in Arabic. Islam is a religion revealed to mankind with the intention of presenting a peaceful life where the infinite compassion and mercy of God manifests on earth. God calls all people to live by the moral values He sets so that compassion, mercy, peace and love can be experienced all over the world. “O you who believe! Enter perfectly in Islam (by obeying all the rules and regulations of the Islamic religion) and follow not the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan). Verily! He is to you a plain enemy.” (Surah Al-Baqarah;208). In the verse, Islam intrinsically calls for peace and fosters a life in absolute sincerity and honesty before God. Therefore it is vitally important for an individual to believe in God with his own will and aspiration, and observe God’s commands and advice through personal conscientious contentment..

Is polygamy compulsory in Islam? What are the conditions for marrying more than one wife? Polygamy is not a compulsion in Islam – it is an exception. Islam permits limited polygamy; however polygamy is not a rule but an exception. Many people are under the misconception that it is compulsory for a Muslim man to have more than one wife. Although Islam gives options of having more than one wife, Qur’an is the only religious book on the face of the earth that says ‘Marry Only One’. In the Qur’an, the verses which mention polygyny were revealed directly after the Battle of Uhud, a devastating battle in which many Muslim lives were lost. Women were widowed and left without support, and children were orphaned. In this context, the following verse of the Qur’an was revealed;  “And if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphan-girls, then marry (other) women of your choice, two or three, or four but if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one or (the captives and the slaves) that your right hands possess. That is nearer to prevent you from doing injustice. ” (Surah an-Nisaa;3) “Ye are never able to be fair and just as between women.” (Surah an-Nisaa;129) Polygamy is permitted in all world religions. In earlier times, Christian men were permitted as many wives as they wished, since the Bible puts no restriction on the number of wives. Historically, all the prophets except Jesus, who was not married, had more than one wife.There is no record of Prophet Jesus opposing polygamy. If he did so, it would have meant that the condemned the practice of the prophets before him. There is not a single word of reproach in the “Book of God” the Holy Bible against polygamous marriages. Polygamy is permitted in Judaism. There are a number of examples of polygamous marriages among the prophets recorded in the Torah. Prophet Abraham had two wives, according to Genesis 16;13; “So after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, Sarah, Abram’ s wife, took Hagar the Egyptian, her maid, and gave her to Abram her husband as a wife .” So did Prophet David, according to the first book of Samuel 27;3, “And David dwelt with Achish at Gat, he and his men, every man with his household, and David with his two wives, Ahin’oam of Jezreel, and Abigail of Carmel, Nabal’s widow.” Solomon the wise had a thousand wives and concubines (a) “And he (Solomon) had seven hundred wives, and three hundred concubines; and his wives turned away his heart (towards other gods). (Bible; 3 Kings 11;3) “And David took him MORE CONCUBINES and WIVES out of Jerusalem, after he was come from Hebron; and there were yet sons and daughters born to David. ” (Bible; 2 Kings (2 Samuel) 5;13.) “Solomon’s son, Rehobo’am, also had a number of wives, according to 2nd Chronicles 11;21, “Rehobo’am loved Ma’acah the daughter of Absalom above all his wives and concubines (he took eighteen wives and sixty concubines, and had twenty-eight sons and sixty daughters) (Bible; 2 Chronicles 11;21.).” In fact, the Torah even specified laws regarding the division of inheritance in polygamous circumstances. In Deuteronomy 21;15-16, the law states; “15 If a man has two wives, the one loved and the other disliked, and they have borne him children, both the loved and the disliked, and if the first-born son is hers that is disliked, 16. then on the day when he assigns his possessions as an inheritance to his sons, he may not treat the son of the loved as the first-born in preference to the son of the disliked, who is the first-born.” The only restriction on polygamy was the ban on taking a wife’s sister as a rival wife in Leviticus 18;18, “And you shall not take a woman as a rival wife to her sister, uncovering her nakedness while her sister is yet alive.” The Talmud advises a maximum of four wives as was the practice of Prophet Jacob. (Women in Judaism, p. 148.) According to Father Eugene Hillman, “Nowhere in the New Testament is there any explicit commandment that marriage should be monogamous or any explicit commandment forbidding polygamy.” (Polygamy Reconsidered, p. 140) He further stressed the fact that the Church in Rome banned polygamy in order to conform to Greco-Roman culture which prescribed only one legal wife while tolerating concubinage and prostitution. Many Hindu religious personalities, according to their scriptures, had multiple wives.
King Dashrat, the father of Rama, had 350 wives in addition to Kausalya, Kaikeyi and Sumitra. Mr. C.R. Sreenivasa lyengar’s translation of Valmiki Ramayana says; “Though Rama had married Sita to be the queen, he married many other wives for sexual pleasure in accordance with the royal customs. (Ayodha Kandam 8th Chapter, page 28). “Rama’s WIVES will get delighted. Your daughters-in-law will be unhappy because of Bharata’s waning position.” (Ramayana; 2;8;12.) (The term “Rama’s wives” as been used in many places in  Ramayan). Krishna had eight princely wives, also known as Ashtabharya;Rukmini, Satyabhama, Jambavati, Nagnajiti, Kalindi, Mitravinda, Bhadra, Lakshmana) and the other 16,100 or 16,000 (number varies in scriptures). Polyandry also mentioned in their scriptures. Draupadi (Panchali) had 5 HUSBANDS from Pandavas (Pandava Brothers). (Mahabharata) Islam limited polygamy to a maximum of four wives at one time and stipulated the maintenance of justice as a basic condition for polygamy.  It was only a few centuries ago that the Church restricted the number of wives to one.  The practice of polygamy continued until Rabbi Gershom ben Yehudah (960 C.E to 1030 C.E) issued an edict against it. The Jewish Sephardic communities living in Muslim countries continued the practice ’till as late as 1950, until an Act of the Chief Rabbinate of Israel extended the ban on marrying more than one wife.  Under no certain circumstances does Islam allow a man to marry more than four wives at a time. No woman can be forced to accept polygyny against her wishes or without full disclosure. As they are entering into a legally-binding contract, both parties must consent. A woman can choose whether or not to marry an already-married man. In the case of the first wife, she may put a stipulation in her own marriage contract that if her husband pursues polygyny at a later date, her marriage will be nulled. This works effectively as a pre-nuptial contract that will be upheld in court if needed. Any and all wives must be treated equally in terms of physical and emotional care. Their belongings and time with the husband must divided equitably. Finally, polygymy is simply an option for some people, in certain circumstances. It is not required or even encouraged in Islam. In fact, in modern times only an estimated 2% of Muslim families are in polygynous households. In some circumstances (war, widowhood, orphans), it may be beneficial to have the allowance of polygyny. However, many Muslim men feel that they cannot afford to take care of more than one family, both financially and emotionally. Since this condition of “equality” is very difficult to fulfill, monogamy is the norm among Muslims. In the western society, some men who have one wife have many extramarital affairs. Thus, a survey was published in “U.S.A. Today” (April 4, 1988 Section D) which asked 4,700 mistresses what they would like their status to be. They said that “they preferred being a second wife rather than the ‘other woman’ because they did not have the legal rights, nor did they have the financial equality of the legally married wives, and it appeared that they were being used by these men.”

Is punctuality necessary in prayers? When you have finished As-Salat (the prayer – congregational), remember Allah standing, sitting down, and lying down on your sides, but when you are free from danger, perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as- Salat). Verily, the prayer is enjoined on the believers at fixed hours. (Surah an-Nisaa;103).

Is Qur’an and its message for all humankind? As Allah says in the Quran; 157. Those who follow the Messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write (i.e.Muhammad ) whom they find written with them in the Taurat (Torah) (Deut, xviii,15) and the Injeel (Gospel) (John xiv, 16) , – he commands them for Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam has ordained); and forbids them from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); he allows them as lawful At-Taiyibat [(i.e. all good and lawful) as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.], and prohibits them as unlawful Al-Khaba’ith (i.e. all evil and unlawful as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.), he releases them from their heavy burdens (of Allah’s Covenant), and from the fetters (bindings) that were upon them. So those who believe in him (Muhammad ), honour him, help him, and follow the light (the Quran) which has been sent down with him, it is they who will be successful . (Surah Al-A’raf:157)

Is Qur’an describes The Developing Human Embryo? Statements referring to human reproduction and development are scattered throughout the Qur’an. It is only recently that the scientific meaning of some of these verses has been fully appreciated. The Qur’an determines that human development passes through stages; 6 He creates you in the wombs of your mothers, creation after creation in three veils of darkness, such is Allah your Lord.). How then are you turned away? (Surah Az-Zumar;6) It is quite astonishing that this information was available in the Qur’an, centuries before medical scientists made these discoveries.The realization that the human embryo develops in stages was not discussed and illustrated until the 15th century. The staging of human embryos was not described until the 20th century. Streeter (1941) developed the first system of staging which has now been replaced by a more accurate system proposed by O’Rahilly (1972). However, the Qur’an was the first source to mention this; And indeed We created man (Adam) out of an extract of clay (water and earth). Thereafter We made him (the offspring of Adam) as a Nutfah (mixed drops of the male and female sexual discharge) (and lodged it) in a safe lodging (womb of the woman). (Surah al-Muminun;12-13) The Qur’an states that both parents share in the origins of the offspring; “O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another (Surah Al-Hujuraat;13) and “Verily, We have created man from Nutfah drops of mixed semen (discharge of man and woman), in order to try him, so We made him hearer, seer. (Surah al-Insan;2) The mixed drop refers to the mixture and convergence of a small quantity of sperms with the ovum (and its associated follicular fluid) to form the zygote. It has the form of a drop and consists of a mixture of male and female secretions.” Then We made the Nutfah into a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood), then We made the clot into a little lump of flesh, then We made out of that little lump of flesh bones, then We clothed the bones with flesh, and then We brought it forth as another creation. So blessed be Allah, the Best of creators. (Surah al-Muminun;14).  ‘Alaqah in Arabic means (i) to cling and stick to a thing; (ii) a leech or bloodsucker; (iii) a suspended thing; and (iv) a blood clot. Amazingly, each of the meanings for ‘alaqah can be applied to human prenatal development. For example, taking ‘alaqah to mean a leech we find that the embryo is surrounded by amniotic fluid just as a leech is surrounded by water. The human embryo clings to the mother’s womb, in the same way that a leech clings to the skin. A leech is a pear shaped organism and thrives on blood sucking. At this stage the cardiovascular system has started appearing and the embryo is now dependant on the maternal blood for its nutrition like a leech! As there were no microscopes or lenses available in the 7th century, people could not have known that the embryo has this leech-like appearance.”Then out of that leech-like structure We made a chewed lump (mudghah).” The Arabic word mudghah means “chewed substance or chewed lump.” Towards the end of the 4th week, the human embryo looks somewhat like a chewed lump of flesh. The chewed appearance results from the somites which resemble teeth marks. The somites represent the beginnings of the vertebrae (backbone)..

Is Qur’an the book of Truth? Since time immemorial people have been arguing about “truth” and the criteria to determine the “truth”. Allah makes it clear in the Qur’an about “ultimate truth.” No book on entity has made such a universal claim with such an authority. The Qur’an is the Book of Allah with a message of truth for all of mankind;  “Verily, We have sent down to you (O Muhammad () the Book (this Qur’an) for mankind in truth. So whosoever accepts the guidance, it is only for his own self, and whosoever goes astray, he goes astray only for his (own) loss. And you (O Muhammad () are not a Wakeel (trustee or disposer of affairs, or keeper) over them.”Qur’an (Surah Al-Zumar;41) Allah also says; These are the Verses of the Book (the Qur’an), and that which has been revealed unto you (Muhammad (S) from your Lord is the truth, but most men believe not.Qur’an (Surah Ar-Raad;1)

Is Qur’an the word of God? 39. Allah blots out what He wills and confirms (what He wills). And with Him is the Mother of the Book (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz) (Surah Ar-Ra’d;39) 109. Say (O Muhammad  to mankind). “If the sea were ink for (writing) the Words of my Lord, surely, the sea would be exhausted before the Words of my Lord would be finished, even if we brought (another sea) like it for its aid.” (Surah Al-Kahf;109) 101. And when We change a Verse [of the Qur’an, i.e. cancel (abrogate) its order] in place of another, and Allah knows the best of what He sends down, they (the disbelievers) say; “You (O Muhammad ) are but a Muftari! (forger, liar).” Nay, but most of them know not. (Surah An-Nahl;101) 113. And thus We have sent it down as a Qur’an in Arabic, and have explained therein in detail the warnings, in order that they may fear Allah, or that it may cause them to have a lesson from it (or to have the honour for believing and acting on its teachings). 114. Then High above all be Allah, the True King. And be not in haste (O Muhammad ) with the Qur’an before its revelation is completed to you, and say; “My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.” (Surah Ta-Ha;113-114) 21.  Had We sent down this Qur’an on a mountain, you would surely have seen it humbling itself and rending asunder by the fear of Allah. Such are the parables which We put forward to mankind that they may reflect . (Surah Al-Mujadilah;21) “Verily, We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’an in order that you may understand.We relate unto you (Muhammad (PBUH) the best of stories through Our Revelations unto you, of this Qur’an. And before this (i.e. before the coming of Divine Inspiration to you), you were among those who knew nothing about it (the Qur’an). (Surah Yusuf;2-3) This (the Qur’an) is a plain statement for mankind, a guidance and instruction to those who are Al-Muttaqun (the pious ). (Surah Ale-Imran;138) And this is a blessed Book (the Qur’an) which We have sent down, so follow it and fear Allah (i.e. do not disobey His Orders), that you may receive mercy (i.e. saved from the torment of Hell). (Surah Al-Anam;155) And this Qur’an is not such as could ever be produced by other than Allah (Lord of the heavens and the earth), but it is a confirmation of (the revelation) which was before it [i.e. the Taurat (Torah), and the Injeel (Gospel), etc.], and a full explanation of the Book (i.e. laws and orders, etc, decreed for mankind) – wherein there is no doubt from the the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns,and all that exists). (Surah Yunus;37) ` O mankind! There has come to you a good advice from your Lord (i.e. the Qur’an, ordering all that is good and forbidding all that is evil), and a healing for that (disease of ignorance, doubt, hypocrisy and differences, etc.) in your breasts, – a guidance and a mercy (explaining lawful and unlawful things, etc.) for the believers. (Surah Yunus;57) Alif-Lam-Ra.[These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur’an, and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings].(This is) a Book which We have revealed unto you (O Muhammad ) in order that you might lead mankind out of darkness (of disbelief and polytheism) into light (of belief in the Oneness of Allah and Islamic Monotheism) by their Lord’s Leave to the Path of the All-Mighty, the Owner of all Praise. (Surah Ibrahim;1) And We have not sent down the Book (the Qur’an) to you (O Muhammad ), except that you may explain clearly unto them those things in which they differ, and (as) a guidance and a mercy for a folk who believe. (Surah An-Nahl;64) And surely, We have explained [Our Promises, Warnings and (set forth many) examples] in this Qur’an that they (the disbelievers) may take heed, but it increases them in naught save aversion. (Surah Al-Asraa;41) And indeed We have put forth every kind of example in this Qur’an, for mankind. But, man is ever more quarrelsome than anything. (Surah Al-Kahf;54) Blessed be He Who sent down the criterion (of right and wrong, i.e. this Qur’an) to His slave (Muhammad ) that he may be a warner to the ‘Alamin(mankind and jinns). (Surah Al-Furqan;1) And thus We have sent down the Book (i.e this Qur’an) to you (O Muhammad ), and those whom We gave the Scripture [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel) aforetime] believe therein as also do some of these (who are present with you now like ‘Abdullah bin Salam) and none but the disbelievers reject Our Ayat [(proofs, signs, verses, lessons, etc., and deny Our Oneness of Lordship and Our Oneness of worship and Our Oneness of Our Names and Qualities; i.e. Islamic Monotheism)]. (Surah Al-Ankabut;47) It is Allah Who has sent down the Book (the Qur’an) in truth, and the Balance (i.e. to act justly). And what can make you know that perhaps the Hour is close at hand?  (Surah Ash-Shurah;17).

Is Racism allowed in Islam? Racism is not allowed in Islam, for the Qur’an speaks of human equality in the following terms: O mankind, We have created you from a male and a female and have made you into nations and tribes for you to know one another.  Truly, the noblest of you with God is the most pious.  Truly, God is All-Knowing, All-Aware.  (Surah Al-Hujuraat;13) God created human beings as equals who are to be distinguished from each other only on the basis of their faith and piety.   One of the major problems facing mankind today is racism.   The annual pilgrimage (Hajj) to Makah shows the real Islamic brotherhood of all races and nations, when about two million Muslims from all over the world come to Makah to perform the pilgrimage.

Is Satan rebellious and unappreciative→ “except Satan; he refused, and was too arrogant, unappreciative. He said, “O Satan, what prevented you from prostrating before what I created with My hands? Are you too arrogant? Have you rebelled?” [Surah Sad;74-75)

Is seeking the friendship and help of the disbelievers permitted? No, seeking the friendship and help of the disbelievers is not permitted. Allah (SWT) says; O you who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians as Auliya’ (friends, protectors, helpers, etc.), they are but Auliya’ to one another. And if any amongst you takes them as Auliya’, then surely he is one of them. Verily, Allah guides not those people who are the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers and unjust). (Surah al-Maidah;51) It is only as regards those who fought against you on account of religion, and have driven you out of your homes, and helped to drive you out, that Allah forbids you to befriend them. And whosoever will befriend them, then such are the Zalimun (wrong-doers those who disobey Allah. (Surah al-Mumtahinah;9).

Is Slandering, backbiting and defamation allowed in Islam? Woe to every slanderer and backbiter. (Surah al-Humazah;1)  Islam is a religion of peace, love and compassion. Lies, suspicion, backbiting, slander and gossip are totally alien to Islam. In fact, they are considered amongst the most destructive of major sins. This is so because these sins sow enmity and discord among the Muslim Ummah (nation) and lead to its destruction. They cause hostilities between people of the same household, and between neighbours, friends and relatives. Islam demands that our relationship with mankind be one of sincerity and responsibility. It should be one where we have respect for the honour, reputation and privacy of others. Islam teaches us that we are not only held accountable for our attitudes and actions, but also for anything over which we have control or influence in our society or the world around us. Allah states in the Qur’an (what means); “O you who have believed! Avoid much [negative] assumption. Indeed, some assumption is sin. And do not spy or backbite each other. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his brother when dead? You would detest it. And fear Allah; indeed, Allah is accepting of repentance and Merciful.” (Surah Al-Hujuraat;12) This verse resembles a person who backbites to one who eats the flesh of his/her dead brother/sister. Islam defines backbiting as saying anything about a person behind their back in a manner that they wouldn’t like. If we were to reflect deeply over this example, it would be enough to keep us away from backbiting! The Qur’an Says (what means); “When you received it with your tongues and said with your mouths that of which you had no knowledge and thought it was insignificant while it was, in the sight of Allah, tremendous.” (Surah An-Nur;15) Many of us backbite and gossip without thinking. We think it is a minor matter, however, Allah reminds us to be careful, for even though we think we are doing something small, it is in fact very large in the sight of Allah! Allah Says (what means); “And why, when you heard it, did you not say; ‘It is not for us to speak of this. Exalted are You, [O Allah]; this is a great slander?'” (Surah An-Nur;16) Many people are so busy spreading the slander they hear that they do not even stop to consider whether it is true or not. Allah Says (what means); “And tell My servants to say that which is best. Indeed, Satan induces [dissension] among them. Indeed, Satan is ever, to mankind, a clear enemy.”  (Surah Al-Asraa;53).  Are we falling into Satan’s trap? Shaitan (Satan) wants us to use our tongue to create conflict and hatred We can all analyze ourselves to see if this is the case. Backbiting and slander are so widespread that they have become the topic of people’s meetings and an avenue for expressing their anger, misgivings and jealousy. Those who indulge in backbiting are oblivious of the fact that they are only harming themselves. This is because on the Day of Resurrection, both the wrongdoer and the wronged will stand before Allah, the Just Judge. Allah will then give the wronged person from the good deeds of the person who wronged him by backbiting or other injustices. Some situations allow us to inform others of what someone has done. We are permitted to inform the authorities when someone does injustice to us or others. “Allah does not like the public mention of evil except by one who has been wronged. And ever is Allah Hearing and Knowing.” (Surah An-Nisaa;148) We are permitted to inform someone who can prevent a perpetrator from committing further vice. It is also permissible for us to tell whoever seeks our advice about a person for business dealings or marriage. In this case we are allowed reveal only as much as necessary about the person so that the enquirer will not feel deceived. All these forms of speaking about others are lawful. Islam teaches us that if people are being ridiculed or backbitten in our presence, we should defend their honour. If we neglect doing so, we risk depriving ourselves of the ever-needed help and mercy from Allah. God states in the Qur’an – You have indeed in the Messenger of God an excellent pattern of conduct. (Surah Al-Ahzab;21).

Is Smoking Allowed in Islam? Smoking is against the teachings of Islam. A smoker is not only harming his own body, but is further endangering the lives of others. The Holy Qur’an and the ḥadīth both preach cleanliness, avoidance of intoxicants and addictive behaviors, as well as knowingly harming one’s body. Allah says…Make not your own hands contribute to your destruction… (Surah Al-Baqarah;195). In the Qur’an, Allah (SWT) says, “…he [the Prophet] commands them what is just, and forbids them what is evil; he allows them as lawful what is good, and prohibits them from what is bad…”( Surah al-Araf;157). Muslims are forbidden to harm themselves or others. In the Qur’an, Allah (SWT) says, And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allah (SWT) is Most Merciful to you…” (Surah an-Nisaa; 29). It is universally understood that cigarette smoking causes a number of health problems that often ultimately result in death. Smokers are highly at risk for heart disease, emphysema, oral cancer, stroke, etc. There are hundreds of poisonous and toxic ingredients in the cigarette itself that the smoker inhales straight into the lungs. The addiction to tobacco is a physical response that often interferes with one’s life and worship. For example, smoking is clearly forbidden during the daytime fast of Ramadan. Many addicted smokers spend their fasting days sleeping, cranky, and short-tempered, just counting the hours until they can have a cigarette at sunset. The most severely addicted will wait outside the mosque door for the adhan, and break their fast by lighting up, before taking even food or water. Muslims are advised to refrain from eating raw onions and garlic – simply as a courtesy to those around them because of their smell. The same goes even more so for the reek of cigarettes, which permeates everything around the smoker – hair, clothing, home, car, etc. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said; “Whoever has eaten from such greens as garlic, onions or leek should keep away from our mosque.” Many smokers try to hide the smell by using breath mints or perfume. This does not get rid of the smell, it only masks it. Often the combination of smells is even more nauseating. Allah (SWT) says, And give to the kindred his due and to the Miskin (poor) and to the wayfarer. But spend not wastefully (your wealth) in the manner of a spendthrift. Verily, spendthrifts are brothers of the Shayatin (devils), and the Shaitan (Devil-Satan) is ever ungrateful to his Lord. (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel;26-27) And in an authentic hadith the Prophet said that; “Allah (SWT) hates for you three things; gossiping, begging, and wasting money.” In an authentic hadith, the Prophet Muhammad said that “Whomsoever drinks poison, thereby killing himself, will sip this poison forever and ever in the fire of Hell.” Over 3 million people worldwide die from smoking-related causes each year.In the U.S. and other countries, cigarettes are taxed heavily in order to discourage this habit and reimburse the government for the overwhelming health care costs to care for those afflicted with diseases caused by smoking. Smokers often spend thousands of dollars a year that literally just go up in smoke..

Is Souls (Ruh) or spirits of Allah (SWT) breathed in every human being? The Qur’an mentions in several places that Allah (SWT) breathed into the human beings “His Spirit” Then He made his offspring from semen of worthless water (male and female sexual discharge). Then He fashioned him in due proportion, and breathed into him the soul (created by Allah  for that person), and He gave you hearing (ears), sight (eyes) and hearts. Little is the thanks you give! (Surah Sajdah;9).

Is supplication a form of worship? Yes, supplication is worship, as Allah (SWT) says; “And your Lord said; Invoke Me, [i.e. believe in My Oneness (Islamic Monotheism) (and ask Me for anything) I will respond to your (invocation).Verily! Those who scorn My worship i.e. do not invoke Me, and do not believe in My Oneness, (Islamic Monotheism)} they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!” (Surah Ghafir or Al-Mumin;60) The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)   said; The “Supplication is worship.” (Tirmidhi).

Is Surrogacy allowed in Islam? Hiring a ‘womb’ for procreation is a very recent phenomenon that contemporary jurists have to handle. Islamic bioethics cannot accept this practice because surrogacy is a clear form of using donor sperm, a foreign element, in the womb of a woman which results in the mixing of lineage. Mufti Sheikh Ahmad Kutty, an Islamic scholar, opines that the introduction of male sperm into the uterus of a woman to whom he is not married transgresses the bounds of Allah. In view of the term ‘transgressing the bounds of Allah’ he mentions the following verses of the Qur’ān; 5. And those who guard their chastity (i.e. private parts, from illegal sexual acts)6. Except from their wives or (the captives and slaves) that their right hands possess, for then, they are free from blame;7. But whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the transgressors;  (Surah Al-Mu’minun;5-7)Another Islamic concept that is to be considered is the clear identification of mothers as those who give birth to their children as stated in the Qur’an. None can be their mothers except those who gave them birth. 11.  (Surah Al-Mujadila;2)

Is the  Qur’an alone sufficient without the Hadith? No, the Qur’an alone is not sufficient without the Hadith. Allah (SWT) said to the Prophet; With clear signs and Books (We sent the Messengers). And We have also sent down unto you (O Muhammad (PBUH) the reminder and the advice (the Qur’an), that you may explain clearly to men what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought. (Surah an-Nahl;44).

Is the event of the Last Supper of Jesus mentioned in the Qur’an? 111. And when I (Allah) put in the hearts of Al-Hawarieen (the disciples) [of ‘Iesa (Jesus)] to believe in Me and My Messenger, they said; “We believe. And bear witness that we are Muslims.”112. (Remember) when Al-Hawariun (the disciples) said; “O ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)! Can your Lord send down to us a table spread (with food) from heaven?” ‘Isa (Jesus) said; “Fear Allah, if you are indeed believers.”113. They said; “We wish to eat thereof and to be stronger in Faith, and to know that you have indeed told us the truth and that we ourselves be its witnesses.”114. ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), said; “O Allah, our Lord! Send us from heaven a table spread (with food) that there may be for us – for the first and the last of us – a festival and a sign from You; and provide us sustenance, for You are the Best of sustainers.”115. Allah said; “I am going to send it down unto you, but if any of you after that disbelieves, then I will punish him with a torment such as I have not inflicted on anyone among (all) the ‘Alamin (mankind and jinns).”(Surah Al-Maidah;111-114).

Is The name Makkah mentioned in the Holy Qur’an? the holy Ka’ba built by the prophet Abraham (PBUH) and his son Ishmael (PBUH) is in Makkah. The name Makkah is mentioned in the Holy Qur’an 24. And He it is Who has withheld their hands from you and your hands from them in the midst of Makkah, after He had made you victors over them. And Allah is Ever the All-Seer of what you do. (Surah Al-Fath;24). Another name for Makkah is Bakka, depending on the dialect of the tribe; this is also mentioned once, 96. Verily, the first House (of worship) appointed for mankind was that at Bakkah (Makkah), full of blessing, and a guidance for Al-‘Alamin (the mankind and jinns). (Surah Ale-Imran;96) “Amazingly enough, this word Bakka is mentioned by the prophet David (PBUH) in the Bible; “Who passing through the valley of Baca make it a well, the rain also filleth the pools.”(Psalm 84;6) The well here is the well known well of Zam-Zam, still present now, close to the Ka’bah; after thousands of years. Abraham’s second wife, Hagar was the founder of the city Makkah, Arabia, Later Abraham and their son Ismail, built in Makkah; the First House of worship dedicated to The One True God. That House is called the Kaaba. And you will be amazed when you know that Makkah is scientifically proven to be the centre of the Earth! And that Holy Kaaba is the exact centre of the Earth!

Is the Qur’anic legal system one of the facilitation and mercy for all humankind ? The Final Revelation, the holy Qur’an and its message, we discover that its legal system is one of the facilitation and mercy for all humankind; and that is designed to being all people together within the framework of shared values and concepts. As Allah says in the Qur’an; 157. Those who follow the Messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write (i.e.Muhammad ) whom they find written with them in the Taurat (Torah) (Deut, xviii, 15) and the Injeel (Gospel) (John xiv, 16) , – he commands them for Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam has ordained); and forbids them from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); he allows them as lawful At-Taiyibat [(i.e. all good and lawful) as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.], and prohibits them as unlawful Al-Khaba’ith (i.e. all evil and unlawful as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.), he releases them from their heavy burdens (of Allah’s Covenant), and from the fetters (bindings) that were upon them. So those who believe in him (Muhammad ), honour him, help him, and follow the light (the Qur’an) which has been sent down with him, it is they who will be successful . Surah Al-A’raf; 157

Is The Relativity of Time mentioned in the Qur’an? Today, the relativity of time is a proven scientific fact. This was revealed by Einstein’s theory of relativity at the early years of the 20th century. Until then, people did not know that time was a relative concept, and that it could change according to the environment. Yet, the great scientist Albert Einstein openly proved this fact with the theory of relativity. He showed that time is dependent on mass and velocity. In the history of humanity, no one had expressed this fact clearly before. With one exception though; the Qur’an included information about time’s being relative! Some verses about the subject read; “They ask you to hasten the punishment. God will not break His promise. A day with your Lord is equivalent to a thousand years in the way you count.” (Surah Al-Hajj; 47) “The angels and the Spirit ascend to Him in a day whose length is fifty thousand years.” (Surah Al-Ma’arij; 4) 5. He arranges (every) affair from the heavens to the earth, then it (affair) will go up to Him, in one Day, the space whereof is a thousand years of your reckoning (i.e. reckoning of our present world’s time). (Surah Al-Sajdah;5) In some verses, it is indicated that people perceive time differently and that sometimes people can perceive a very short period of time as a very lengthy one. The following conversation of people held during their judgment in the Hereafter is a good example of this; “He will say, ‘How many years did you tarry on the earth?’ They will say, ‘We tarried there for a day or part of a day. Ask those able to count!’ He will say, ‘You only tarried there for a little while if you did but know!” (Surah al-Mu’minun; 112-114) The fact that the relativity of time is so clearly mentioned in the Qur’an, which started to be revealed in 610, is evidence that it is a holy book.. snv

Is the scientific concept of ”parité” mentioned in the Qur’an? Pairing, which is the combination of opposites such as males and females or positive and negative, is a general phenomenon found in nature. The pairing or parity phenomenon is also well known in molecular genetics as in the examples of the double helical structure of DNA and the composition of double stranded RNA molecules. The Glorious Qur’an evoked this general phenomenon of pairing in a couple of verses; The Glorious Qur’an evoked this general phenomenon of pairing in a couple of verses; “Glory be to Him, Who has created all the pairs of that which the earth produces, as well as of their own (human) kind, and of that which they know not.” (Surah Ya-Sin; 36) And of everything We have created pairs, that you may remember (the Grace of Allah). (Surah Adh-Dhariyat; 49) 3. And it is He Who spread out the earth, and placed therein firm mountains and rivers and of every kind of fruits He made Zawjain Ithnain (two in pairs – may mean two kinds or it may mean; of two sorts, e.g. black and white, sweet and sour, small and big, etc.) He brings the night as a cover over the day. Verily, in these things, there are Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.) for people who reflect. (Surah Ar-Ra’d; 3) The Glorious Qur’an evoked this general phenomenon of pairing in a couple of verses; 11. The Creator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you mates from yourselves, and for the cattle (also) mates. By this means He creates you (in the wombs). There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.( Surah Ash-Shura; 11) 52 Wherein is every kind of fruit in pairs.53 Which is it, of the favors of your Lord, that ye deny? (Surah Ar-Rahman; 52-53) Although the concept of ”pair” or “couple” commonly stands for male and female, the statement of ”from things unknown to them” has wider implications. Today, one of the implications of the verse has been revealed. The British scientist Paul Dirac, who proposed that matter is created in pairs, was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1933. This discovery, called ”parité”, maintains that matter is paired with its opposite; anti-matter. Anti-matter carries the opposite properties to matter. For instance, as opposed to matter, the electron of anti-matter is positively charged and its protons are negatively charged. This fact is stated in a scientific source in this way; “…every particle has its antiparticle of opposite charge……and the uncertainty relation tells us that pair creation and pair annihilation happen in the vacuum at all times, in all places.” The mystery of all sex run through all creation – in man, in animal life, in vegetable life and possibly in other things of which we have no knowledge.Then there are pairs of opposite forces in nature, e. g., positive and negative electricity, etc. The atom itself consists of a positively charged nucleus or proton, surrounded by negatively charged electrons. The constitution of matter itself is thus referred to pairs of opposite energies.The pairing or parity phenomenon is also well known in molecular genetics as in the examples of the double helical structure of DNA and the composition of double stranded RNA molecules.

Is the Speech Attribute related to Allah’s Entity or is it linked to His Acting Attributes? Considering relating the Speech Attribute to the Entity of Allah Almighty, it is one of His Entity Attributes along with His Knowledge. Rather, it constitutes part of His Knowledge, He sent it down with His Knowledge and He is the Best Knower of what He sends down. As for His Speaking with His Will and Wish, it is an Attribute related to His Acting. As said by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH); “If Allah wills to reveal the matter, He speaks with Revelation.” For this, our pious scholars of the earlier Muslims said regarding the Speech Attribute; “It is a Quality of both the Entity and Acting. For Allah, Glory be His, was and still described with Speech ever and forever, and that His Speaking and Addressing is up to His Will and Wish. He speaks if He wills, when He wills, and in the manner He wills with Words to be heard by whom He wills. His Speech is an Attribute with no end or termination. Allah says; “Say (O Muhammad (PBUH) to mankind); “If the sea were ink for (writing) the Words of my Lord, surely, the sea would be exhausted before the Words of my Lord would be finished, even if We brought (another sea) like it for its aid}. (Surah Al-Kahf; 109) Allah says; “And if all the trees on the earth were pens and the sea (were ink wherewith to write), with seven seas behind it to add to its (supply), yet the Words of Allah would not be exhausted}. (Surah Luqman;  27) Allah (SWT) says; “And the Word of your Lord has been fulfilled in truth and in justice. None can change His Words. And He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower}. (Surah Al-An’am; 115)

Is the Annihilation of the Solar System during the Countdown towards the Day of Judgment Consistent with our Present-Day Knowledge? “ When the sun Kuwwirat (wound round and lost its light and is overthrown).2. And when the stars shall fall.” (Surah al-Takwir; 1-2) Thus, what has been mentioned in the above verses, in connection with the dying down of the sun and the annihilation of the stars, is a reality which is entirely consistent with present day knowledge; and the Qur’an mentioned these realities at a time when none knew of these issues – neither in the Arabian Peninsula nor in the then- scholarly circles of the world..

Is the Incident of the ‘People of the Cave’ Corroborated by Present-Day Science?  The Qur’anic chapter 18; “The Cave” (Surah Al-Kahf) was revealed to answer few questions which the mushriks (unbelievers) of Makkah, had put to the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) in order to test him… One of the questions was; Who were “the Sleepers of the Cave”?  The disbelievers of Makah were told that the story of the Sleepers of the Cave was a clear proof of the creed of the Hereafter, as it shows that Allah has the power to resurrect anyone He wills even after a long sleep of death as He did with the Sleepers of the Cave (they slept over 300 years). Without any doubt, the sleep of the People of the Cave was not a common and ordinary sleep like our daily sleep; it was a sleep that was indeed exceptional in nature. Thus, there is no room for astonishment that they (by Allah’s (SWT) orders) had drifted into a protracted slumber, neither suffering from lack of nutrition nor their physical organs suffering any harm! Interestingly, from the verses of Surah al-Kahf which relate their story, it appears that their sleep differed vastly from normal sleep; Allah (SWT) says in this chapter; “Then We smote their ears in the Cave many years.” (Surah Al-Kahf; 11), the sense of hearing is a physiological one that does not stop functioning at the time of sleep (the sleeper can wake up at a nearby sound). As the 8th cranial nerve (which passes in the inner part of the ear) have two divisions; one for hearing and the other for equilibrium (position and movement of the head). In the case of Cave Sleepers the physiological function of both hearing and equilibrium did stop, therefore, the Qur’anic verse uses the expression “Smote their ears…” rather than their hearing.   “And you would have thought them awake, while they were asleep. And We turned them on their right and on their left sides, and their dog stretching forth his two forelegs at the entrance Cave. Had you looked at them, you would certainly have turned back from them in flight, and would certainly have been filled with awe of them.” (Surah al-Kahf; 18) This verse is indicative of the fact that they were not overcome by an ordinary sleep; rather, they slept – in a manner that made them resemble a dead person – with their eyes kept open! Their shape did not change although many years elapsed as they did not notice real changes on their faces when they woke up;  “They said; ’We have tarried a day, or part of a day” (Surah Al-Kahf; 19) Their conditions as such are like that of preserving organs through cooling to cause metabolic inhibition, which is used extensively in the medical field to preserve donated organs (heart, kidneys, cornea, etc) before transplantation into another body.  In addition, the Qur’an says; And you might have seen the sun, when it rose, declining to the right from their Cave, and when it set, turning away from them to the left, while they lay in the midst of the Cave. (Surah Al-Kahf; 17) This means the sunrays did not enter their cave. So, coolness in this gap in the Cave away from the heat of the sun that did not touch them was sufficient to inhibit bodily metabolism for the preservation of their bodies all this long period.  Had they been only asleep, they would have needed water and food to survive, and would have been awaken by the need to urinate after some hours.  But Allah inhibited all their biological functions and preserved their bodies in a living shape. On the other hand, the Qur’an says; “And We turned them about to the right and to the left.” (Surah Al-Kahf; 18) So, He said; “You would have thought them awake, as they lay sleeping”. (Surah Al-Kahf; 18), and did not say; “You would have thought them dead, as they lay sleeping”, as the sign of awakening is ‘eye wink’.  Allah preserved their eyes from blindness through blinking, as the eye if kept closed for a long period of time will be blind, because the optic nerve will shrink and die, and if it is kept open, the cornea will be affected with corneo-xerosis, and blindness. Therefore, this rare status of theirs would have aroused terror, if seen, as they were not alive or dead.  They were asleep, yet their eyes were blinking; “Had you observed them surely you would have turned your back on them in flight, and been filled with terror of them.” (Surah Al-Kahf; 18) As Allah preserved their eyes through blinking, He also preserved their bodies from ulcers through constant turning; “While We turned them now to the right, now to the left” (Surah Al-Kahf; 18), so that they would not be affected with pressure sores. Pressure or bed sore in the lower back due to lack of movements in a paralyzed patient. This reveals that they were not in an entirely monotonous state; mysterious elements, which are until unknown to us, would turn them on their sides alternatively (possibly once in a year) so that their bodies do not suffer harm..

Is there a need of rigorous studies to understand the Qur’an? Some Muslims consider that the Qur’an is very difficult to understand and It cannot be understood by common man. For him mere recitation is enough. Earlier it was so. But now the tendency of such thinking has gone. There is need of rigorous study for deep understanding of the Qur`an. But for superficial study and understanding of the Qur’an, there is no need of deep knowledge. The subject matter of the Qur’an is very easy. It is the invitation for the righteous people in an easy manner, In Surah al-Qamar; Allah (SWT) repeatedly says that the Qur’an easy to understand and remember and the message is very clear. And We have indeed made the Qur’an easy to understand and remember, and then is there any that will remember (or receive admonition)? (Surah al-Qamar; 17) 22. And We have indeed made the Qur’an easy to understand and remember, then is there any that will remember (or receive admonition)? (Surah al-Qamar; 22) 32. And indeed, We have made the Qur’an easy to understand and remember, then is there any that will remember (or receive admonition)? (Surah al-Qamar; 32) 40. And indeed, We have made the Qur’an easy to understand and remember, then is there any that will remember (or receive admonition)? (Surah al-Qamar; 40) Certainly, We have made this (Qur’an) easy in your tongue, in order that they may remember. (Surah Ad-Dukhan; 58) So We have made this (the Qur’an) easy in your own tongue (O Muhammad (PBUH), only that you may give glad tidings to the Muttaqun (pious and righteous persons and warn with it the Ludda (most quarrelsome) people. (Surah Maryam; 97)  Alif-Lam-Ra. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur’an, and none but Allah (SWT) (Alone) knows their meanings]. These are the Verses of the Clear Book (the Qur’an that makes clear the legal and illegal things, legal laws, a guidance and a blessing). (Surah Yusuf; 1).

Is there any hint on fast communication mentioned in the Qur’an? The Qur’an in the following verses hints at using trained birds to transfer letters which today are modified as Airmail and Satellite communication and also at reconnaissance, that is, aerial survey of enemy territory to keep an eye on them; “Hoopoe – a bird, informs Sulaiman AS that a country named Saba was ruled by a woman, who has a great throne and they worship the sun instead of Allah SWT; to check whether the bird was narrating the truth he gives it a letter, to be delivered to the Queen and instructs it to spy on them to know how they react to it. The Queen reads out the letter to her chiefs which contains an invitation to accept Islam. Sulaiman AS asks, who among his courtiers would bring him the throne of the Queen before she and her people embraced Islam? One Powerful and clever jinn said he would bring it before Sulaiman AS would leave the assembly, and another one said, who had the knowledge of the laws (as kitab meaning book, also means laws) that he would bring it before the blinking of an eye and the next moment Sulaiman AS found it in front of him”. (Surah An-Naml; 15-44) The mentioned verses also hint at a concept called tele-parcel or tele-transportation, which is presently under development, that any object could be transformed into its constituent energy particles and transported to its destination at the speed of light (300, 000 km/sec) and on reaching which, could be reassembled back to the original form..

Is there any remote indication in the Qur’an for any Messenger of God who came for Indian subcontinent? The Qur’an is the only revealed scripture that specifically mentions and praises other faiths. While the Qur’an mentions Jews and Christians specifically, in numerous places, likewise, it mentions a group known as the Sabians. Sabians refer to non-Abrahamic traditions — Hindus, Buddhists, Zoroastrians, Taoists, etc. The Qur’an doesn’t talk about a particular nation or country. But the Qur’an has said that God has sent messengers to every nation and for every community (likulle qaumin haad). the Qur’an says “And for every Ummah (a community or a nation), there is a Messenger; when their Messenger comes, the matter will be judged between them with justice, and they will not be wronged. (Surah Yunus;47). By Allah (SWT), We indeed sent (Messengers) to the nations before you (O Muhammad (PBUH) but Shaitan (Satan) made their deeds fair-seeming to them. So he (Satan) is their Wali (helper) today (i.e. in this world), and theirs will be a painful torment. (Surah an-Nahl; 63). Verily, We sent (Messengers) to many nations before you (O Muhammad (PBUH). And We seized them with extreme poverty (or loss in wealth) and loss in health with calamities so that they might believe with humility. (Surah Al-Anam;42) and “And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming); “36. And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from)Taghut (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Taghut besides Allah).” Then of them were some whom Allah guided and of them were some upon whom the straying was justified. So travel through the land and see what was the end of those who denied (the truth). (Surah an-Nahl; 36) Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) further declared that God has sent no less than 124,000 prophets to mankind throughout history of which only 28 are mentioned in the Qur’an. None of those 28 prophets are mentioned as being sent to the Indian subcontinent and there is every possibility that some messengers might also have come for the Indian subcontinent. But the Qur’an has not declared the name the books and messengers who came to India. There is no sign of it in the Qur’an. In the following already mentioned to thee and some Messengers whom We have not mentioned to thee…” (Surah An-Nisaa;verse of the Qur’an some indication “And We sent some Messengers whom We have 165).  Therefore some belief that that Zulkifl means one who belongs to Kapilvastu and that it might be the indication of Buddha, but he is not very much sure about it. Even if Buddha was the messenger of God, the followers of Buddha, like Christians and Jews, have perverted the teachings prescribed by him. A renowned early 19th century Muslim scholar, Muhammad Qasim Nanotwi also was of the opinion that considering the evidence and the above hadith, Lord Krishna was a Prophet of God (Dharam Parchar Page 8 & Debate Shah Jahan Pur Page 31). Furthermore, nothing in the Qur’an, Sunnah or Hadith declares that Lord Krishna was not a prophet..

Is There Any Sacred Source Other than the Qur’an for Muslims? Yes. The sunnah (what the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  said, did, or approved of) is the second source in Islam.  The sunnah is comprised of Ahadeeth, which are reliably transmitted reports by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)’s companions of what he said, did, or approved of.  Belief in the sunnah is a basic Islamic belief. O our people! Respond (with obedience) to Allah’s Caller (i.e. Allah’s Messenger Muhammad (PBUH), and believe in him (i.e. believe in that which Muhammad (PBUH) has brought from Allah and follow him). He (Allah (SWT) will forgive you of your sins, and will save you from a painful torment (i.e. Hell-fire) (Surah Al-Ahqaf; 31) Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH), but if you turn away, then the duty of Our Messenger is only to convey (the Message) clearly. ( Surah Al-Taghabun; 12) O you who believe! Obey Allah (SWT), and obey the Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH) and render not vain your deeds. (Surah Muhammad; 33).

Is there exists a purpose of God behind each of the creations?  The purpose of creation is something that puzzles every human being at some point in his or her lifetime. Everybody at some time or another asks themselves the question “Why do I exist?” or “For what purpose am I here on earth?”The variety and complexity of the intricate systems which constitute the fabric of both human beings and the world in which they exist indicate that there must be a Supreme Being who created them.  Humankind is not, in fact, the greatest creation. Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an; “Indeed, the creation of the heavens and the earth is greater than the creation of mankind, but most of mankind do not realize it.” (Surah Ghafir or Al-Mu’min; 57). Those who remember Allah (SWT) (always, and in prayers) standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides, and think deeply about the creation of the heavens and the earth, (saying); “Our Lord! You have not created (all) this without purpose, glory to You! (Exalted be You above all that they associate with You as partners). Give us salvation from the torment of the Fire. (Surah Ale-Imran; 191). And We created not the heaven and the earth and all that is between them without purpose! That is the consideration of those who disbelieve! Then woe to those who disbelieve (in Islamic Monotheism) from the Fire! (Surah Saad;  27) “Did you think that We had created you in play (without any purpose), and that you would not be brought back to Us?” (Surah Al-Mu’minun; 115).

Islam and Bodily Integrity →Islam expresses a remarkable interest in the honor and preservation of the body. Many Qur’anic verses and Prophetic traditions set out the restrictions and instructions for its care. Islam views the body as a divine miracle, one that points to the existence of the Creator and the greatness of His creation. Accordingly, in the Glorious Qur’an, God repeatedly calls people to contemplate their bodies. And on the earth are signs for those who have Faith with certainty. And also in their own selves. Will you not then see? (  51, Verse 20-21)  In Islam, human dignity constitutes a significant part of human’s moral existence; it is considered one of the characteristics that distinguish human beings from other creations. God says; And indeed We have honored the Children of Adam. (  17, Verse 70). The Qur’an considers human dignity to be bestowed upon human beings by God who created the human in perfection. Verily, We created man in the best stature (mould). ( 95, Verse 4. ).Who made everything He has created good and He began the creation of man from clay. 31. The Glorious Qur’an, Chapter (32, Verse 7).Any change in the original creation of the body is considered one of the great sins in Islam. When Shaitân (Satan) was dismissed from Paradise, he threatened that he would urge the human beings to make changes in their own bodies and to the bodies of animals by piercing their ears, which are considered a violation of bodily integrity. God quotes Shaitân’s words in the Glorious Qur’an; Verily, I will mislead them, and surely, I will arouse in them false desires; and certainly, I will order them to slit the ears of cattle, and indeed I will order them to change the nature created by Allah.” And whoever takes Shaitân (Satan) as a Walî (protector or helper) instead of Allah, has surely suffered a manifest loss. (4, Verse 119).

Ismail (AS) was willing to be sacrificed by Ibrahim (AS). What was the key word he said on being patient? And, when he (his son) was old enough to walk with him, he said; “O my son! I have seen in a dream that I am slaughtering you (offer you in sacrifice to Allah, so look what you think!” He said; “O my father! Do that which you are commanded, Insha’ Allah (if Allah will), you shall find me of As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.).” (Surah As-Saffat; 102).

It is because Allah (SWT) does injustice to Muslims that their degradation does not end? Surely! Allah wrongs not even of the weight of an atom (or a small ant), but if there is any good (done), He doubles it, and gives from Him a great reward. (Surah an-Nisaa; 40). Truly! Allah wrongs not mankind in aught; but mankind wrong themselves. (Surah Yunus; 44).

It is generally believed in the West that Islam spread by the sword. How far is it correct? This is a baseless notion. Faith cannot be forced at the point of the sword, if faith does not emerge from deep conviction from within, it is not acceptable to God, nor does it help the person who accepts this faith. In fact, Islam is the only religion which guarantees peaceful freedom of faith and forbids compulsion in religion. To quote the Holy Qur’an; “There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah, and then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allah (SWT) is All-Hearer, All-Knower.”(Surah Al-Baqarah; 256) Not only does Islam forbid the ‘employment of force in the propagation of Islam, but it also commands to use the most peaceful methods, The Qur’an states; “Invite (mankind, O Muhammad (PBUH) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islam) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Inspiration and the Qur’an) and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better. Truly, your Lord knows best who has gone astray from His Path, and He is the Best Aware of those who are guided.” (Surah an-Nahl; 125).

It is lawful or permissible for a Muslim to malign the deities of the non-Muslims? And insult not those whom they (disbelievers) worship besides Allah, lest they insult Allah wrongfully without knowledge. Thus We have made fair-seeming to each people its own doings; then to their Lord is their return and He shall then inform them of all that they used to do. (Surah al-Inam; 108).

It is stated in the Qur’an that Allah does not like those who are boastful. What is ‘being boastful’ according the Qur’an? According to the Qur’an, the foremost characteristic of a person who is boastful is his forgetting that everything he owns has been given to him by Allah, and in his imagined and ignorant superiority, boasting about these things. An important misconception on this subject is thinking of only extreme persons as those who forget Allah and boast arrogantly. In fact, a person is boastful if he thinks that his beauty is of his own making, if he is proud of his successes, if, thinking he is adequate, he never asks himself the question; “Can I be more conscientious?”, and if he behaves arrogantly and conceitedly. Therefore, every individual should seriously avoid such misconduct and should realize that he is in need and impotent against Allah and that Allah may take everything away from him if He so wills. Allah has told us what the ultimate fate of such people will be; When it is said to him, “Fear Allah,” he is seized by pride which drives him to wrongdoing. Hell will be enough for him! What an evil resting-place! (Surah  al-Baqara, 206)

Jesus is no more than a messenger of Allah→O People of the Book! Commit no excesses in your religion; Nor say of Allah aught but the truth. Christ Jesus the son of Mary was (no more than) a messenger of Allah, and His Word, which He bestowed on Mary, and a spirit proceeding from Him; so believe in Allah and His messengers. Say not “Trinity” ; desist; it will be better for you; for Allah is one Allah; Glory be to Him; (far exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belong all things in the heavens and on earth. And enough is Allah as a Disposer of affairs. (Surah An-Nisaa; 171) 75. The Messiah [‘Iesa (Jesus)], son of Maryam (Mary), was no more than a Messenger; many were the Messengers that passed away before him. His mother [Maryam (Mary)] was a Siddiqah [i.e. she believed in the words of Allah and His Books (see Verse 66;12)]. They both used to eat food (as any other human being, while Allah does not eat). Look how We make the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) clear to them, yet look how they are deluded away (from the truth).(Surah Al-Maidah; 75)

Jesus spoke as a child→ But she pointed to the babe. They said; “How can we talk to one who is a child in the cradle? 30 He said; “I am indeed a servant of God; He hath given me revelation and made me a prophet” (Surah Maryam; 29-30,)

Jesus strengthened with the Holy Spirit→We gave Moses the Book and followed him up with a succession of messengers; We gave Jesus the son of Mary Clear (Signs) and strengthened him with the holy spirit. Is it that whenever there comes to you a messenger with what ye yourselves desire not, ye are puffed up with pride?- Some ye called impostors, and others ye slay! (Surah Al-Baqara;  87)

Jesus taken bodily into Heaven→Behold! Allah said; “O Jesus! I will take thee and raise thee to Myself and clear thee (of the falsehoods) of those who blaspheme; I will make those who follow thee superior to those who reject faith, to the Day of Resurrection; Then shall ye all return unto me, and I will judge between you of the matters wherein ye dispute. (Surah Ale-Imran;  55)

Jesus was a miracle worker→ We have made some of these messengers to excel the others among them are they to whom Allah spoke, and some of them He exalted by (many degrees of) rank; and We gave clear miracles to Isa son of Marium, and strengthened him with the holy spirit. And if Allah had pleased, those after them would not have fought one with another after clear arguments had come to them, but they disagreed; so there were some of them who believed and others who denied; and if Allah had pleased they would not have fought one with another, but Allah brings about what He intends. (Surah Al-Baqara; 253)

Jesus was born of a virgin→ He said; “Nay, I am only a messenger from thy Lord, (to announce) to thee the gift of a holy son. 20 She said; “How shall I have a son, seeing that no man has touched me, and I am not unchaste?” 21 He said; “So (it will be); Thy Lord saith, ‘that is easy for Me; and (We wish) to appoint him as a Sign unto men and a Mercy from Us’; It is a matter (so) decreed.”  (Surah Maryam; 19-21) And (remember) her who guarded her chastity; We breathed into her of Our spirit, and We made her and her son a sign for all peoples. (Surah Al-Anbiyaa; 91)

Jesus was created→The similitude of Jesus before Allah is as that of Adam; He created him from dust, then said to him; “Be”. And he was. (Surah Ale-Imran; 59)

Jesus was given revelation by Allah→ He said; “I am indeed a servant of Allah; He hath given me revelation and made me a prophet. (Surah Maryam; 30 )

Judge with justice between people →. Islam is a religion of justice and  considers justice to be a supreme virtue. The Qur’an enjoins upon the faithful to decide all problems which confront them with justice whatever be the consequences. In matter of law, all are equal and no distinction can be entertained in the administration of justice. Rule of law is supreme and administration of justice is above everything else In Islam, being just is considered to be a necessary condition for being pious and ’God-fearing, the basic characteristic of a Muslim.  We should even be just with those who we hate.  Says Qur’an; ” O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah and be just witnesses and let not the enmity and hatred of others make you avoid justice. Be just; that is nearer to piety, and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do.”(Surah al-Maidah; 8),  Qur’an aims to create an ideal society based on Taqwa, for the good’ of the entire humanity. God has said:  Truly  Allah commands you to give back trust to those to whom they are due, and when you judge between people, to judge with justice….  (Surah an-Nisaa; 5)  Verily! Allah commands that you should render back the trusts to those, to whom they are due; and that when you judge between men, you judge with justice. Verily, how excellent is the teaching which He (Allah) gives you! Truly, Allah is Ever All-Hearer, All-Seer. (Surah an-Nisaa; 58) “ Indeed We have sent Our Messengers with clear proofs, and revealed with them the Scripture and the Balance (justice) that mankind may keep up justice. (Surah al-Hadid; 25) It further says;“ O you who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even though it be against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, be he rich or poor, Allah is a Better Protector to both (than you). So follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest you may avoid justice, and if you distort your witness or refuse to give it, verily, Allah is Ever Well-Acquainted with what you do. (Surah an-Nisaa; 135) It is mentioned in the Qur’an, “Allah commands justice and fair dealing…” (Surah an-Nahl; 90)  Therefore, one may conclude that justice is an obligation of Islam and injustice is forbidden. The Islamic standards of justice transcend considerations of race, religion, color and creed, as Muslims are commanded to be just to their friends and foes alike, and to be just at all levels

 

Keep aloof from what is vain → And those who turn away from Al-Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk, falsehood, and all that Allah (SWT) has forbidden). (Surah al-Mu’minun; 3).

Keep Purity Never stand you therein→Verily, the mosque whose foundation was laid from the first day on piety is more worthy that you stand therein (to pray). In it are men who love to clean and to purify themselves. And Allah loves those who make themselves clean and pure (i.e. who clean their private parts with dust [i.e. to be considered as soap) and water from urine and stools, after answering the call of nature]. (Surah Al-Bara’at/At-Tauba; 108).

Keep striving → “And that there is not for man except that [good] for which he strives” – The Holy Qur’an (Surah An-Najm; 39).

Keep the etiquettes of war→And kill them wherever you find them, and turn them out from where they have turned you out. And Al-Fitnah is worse than killing. And fight not with them at Al-Masjid-al-Haram (the sanctuary at Makkah), unless they (first) fight you there. But if they attack you, then kill them. Such is the recompense of the disbelievers. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 191).

Keep the trust → And if you are on a journey and cannot find a scribe, then let there be a pledge taken (mortgaging); then if one of you entrust the other, let the one who is entrusted discharge his trust (faithfully), and let him be afraid of Allah (SWT), his Lord. And conceal not the evidence for he, who hides it, surely his heart is sinful. And Allah (SWT) is All-Knower of what you do. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 283).

Kindness; A Basic Value of Islam →we really should be striving to infuse kindness into as many of our social interactions as possible. “Serve Allah and associate none with Him. Show kindness to parents, relatives, orphans, the needy, the neighboring kinsman and the neighbors who are not of your kind, the companion, the traveler in need, and to the slaves you own…”(Surah An-Nisaa; 36). “Thy Lord hath decreed that ye worship none save Him, and show kindness to your parents. If one or both of them attain old age with thee, say not ‘Fie’ unto them or repulse them, but speak unto them a gracious word.” (Surah Al-Asraa;23-24)

Life and Death is in God’s Hands →Life and Death is in Allah’s Hands – Islam teaches that the control of life and death is in Allah’s hands, and cannot be manipulated by human beings. Life itself is sacred, and it is therefore forbidden to end life deliberately, either through homicide or suicide. To do so would be to reject faith in Allah’s divine decree.  Allah determines how long each person will live. The Qur’an says;”Nor kill (or destroy) yourselves; for verily Allah hath been to you Most Merciful!” (Qur’an 4;29)”…if any one slew a person – unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land – it would be as if he slew the whole people; and if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people.” (Qur’an 5;23)”…take not life, which Allah has made sacred, except by way of justice and law. Thus He does command you, that you may learn wisdom.” (Qur’an 6;151) Blessed is He in Whose Hand is the dominion, and He is Able to do all things. 2. Who has created death and life, that He may test you which of you is best in deed. And He is the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving; (Surah Al-Mulk; 1-2) Everyone shall taste death. And only on the Day of Resurrection shall you be paid your wages in full. And whoever is removed away from the Fire and admitted to Paradise, he indeed is successful. The life of this world is only the enjoyment of deception (a deceiving thing). (Surah Ale-Imran; 185).

Life Support, suicide and Euthanasia in Islam → Islam teaches that the control of life and death is in Allah’s hands, and cannot be manipulated by human beings. Life itself is sacred, and it is therefore forbidden to end life deliberately, either through Euthanasia, homicide or suicide. To do so would be to reject faith in Allah’s divine decree.  Allah determines how long each person will live. The Qur’an says; “Nor kill (or destroy) yourselves; for verily Allah hath been to you Most Merciful!” (Surah An-Nisaa;29) “…if any one slew a person – unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land – it would be as if he slew the whole people; and if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people.” (Surah Al-Maidah;32) “…take not life, which Allah has made sacred, except by way of justice and law. Thus He does command you, that you may learn wisdom.” (Surah Al-An’am;151) Muslims do believe in medical treatment. In fact, many scholars consider it mandatory in Islam to seek medical help for illness, according to two sayings of the Prophet Muhammad; “Seek treatment, believers of Allah, for Allah has made a cure to every illness.” And “Your body has a right over you.” Muslims are encouraged to search the natural world for remedies, and use scientific knowledge to develop new medicines. However, when a patient has reached terminal stage, when treatment holds no promise of a cure, it is not required to sustain excessive life-saving remedies.  When it is clear that there is no treatment left available to cure a terminal patient, Islam advises only the continuation of basic care such as food and drink.  It is not considered homicide to withdraw other treatments in order to allow the patient to die naturally. If a patient is declared brain-dead by doctors, including situations in which there is no activity in the brain stem, the patient is considered dead and no artificial support functions need to be provided. Ceasing such care is not considered homicide if the patient is already clinically dead. All Islamic scholars, in all schools of Islamic jurisprudence, regard active euthanasia as forbidden (haram).  Euthanasia is the painless killing of a patient suffering from an incurable and painful disease or in an irreversible coma. The practice is illegal in most countries. The sanctity of human life is also ordained in the Qur’an  “And do not kill anyone which Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause. (Surah Al-Isra; 33)  While Muslim physicians are not encouraged to artificially prolong the misery in a vegetative state, they are ordained to help alleviate suffering. Allah determines the timing of death, and we should not seek or attempt to hasten it. Euthanasia is meant to relieve the pain and suffering of a terminally-ill patient. But as Muslims, we are never to fall into despair about Allah’s mercy and wisdom..

Love and mercy→”And among His signs is this that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that ye may dwell in tranquility with them, and He has put love and mercy between your (hearts); verily in that are signs for those who reflect.”Chapter 30, Verse 21

Love in the Quran →The word ‘LOVE’  appears about 45 times in the whole of the Quran mostly in expressions such as in love; love of wealth; love of life; love of Allah; love of woman; love of self; love of other believers or love in the abstract; 14. Beautified for men is the love of things they covet; women, children, much of gold and silver (wealth), branded beautiful horses, cattle and well-tilled land. This is the pleasure of the present world’s life; but Allah has the excellent return (Paradise with flowing rivers, etc.) with Him. (Surah Ale-Imran;14.) 23. O you who believe! Take not for Auliya’ (supporters and helpers) your fathers and your brothers if they prefer disbelief to Belief. And whoever of you does so, then he is one of the Zalimun (wrong-doers, etc.). (Surah. At-Taubah;23) 96. Verily, those who believe [in the Oneness of Allah and in His Messenger (Muhammad )] and work deeds of righteousness, the Most Beneficent (Allah) will bestow love for them (in the hearts of the believers). (Surah Maryam (Mary); 96) 32. And he said; “Alas! I did love the good (these horses) instead of remembering my Lord (in my ‘Asr prayer)” till the time was over, and (the sun) had hidden in the veil (of night). (Surah Saad;32 )snv

Marriage Relations, divorce obtained on Wife’s initiative (Khula) 19. O you who believe! You are forbidden to inherit women against their will, and you should not treat them with harshness, that you may take away part of the Mahr you have given them, unless they commit open illegal sexual intercourse. And live with them honourably. If you dislike them, it may be that you dislike a thing and Allah brings through it a great deal of good.20. But if you intend to replace a wife by another and you have given one of them a Cantar (of gold i.e. a great amount) as Mahr, take not the least bit of it back; would you take it wrongfully without a right and (with) a manifest sin?21. And how could you take it (back) while you have gone in unto each other, and they have taken from you a firm and strong covenant?22. And marry not women whom your fathers married, except what has already passed; indeed it was shameful and most hateful, and an evil way. 23. Forbidden to you (for marriage) are: your mothers, your daughters, your sisters, your father’s sisters, your mother’s sisters, your brother’s daughters, your sister’s daughters, your foster mother who gave you suck, your foster milk suckling sisters, your wives’ mothers, your step daughters under your guardianship, born of your wives to whom you have gone in – but there is no sin on you if you have not gone in them (to marry their daughters), – the wives of your sons who (spring) from your own loins, and two sisters in wedlock at the same time, except for what has already passed; verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.24. Also (forbidden are) women already married, except those (captives and slaves) whom your right hands possess. Thus has Allah ordained for you. All others are lawful, provided you seek (them in marriage) with Mahr (bridal money given by the husband to his wife at the time of marriage) from your property, desiring chastity, not committing illegal sexual intercourse, so with those of whom you have enjoyed sexual relations, give them their Mahr as prescribed; but if after a Mahr is prescribed, you agree mutually (to give more), there is no sin on you. Surely, Allah is Ever All-Knowing, All-Wise.25. And whoever of you have not the means wherewith to wed free, believing women, they may wed believing girls from among those (captives and slaves) whom your right hands possess, and Allah has full knowledge about your Faith, you are one from another. Wed them with the permission of their own folk (guardians, Auliya’ or masters) and give them their Mahr according to what is reasonable; they (the above said captive and slave-girls) should be chaste, not adulterous, nor taking boy-friends. And after they have been taken in wedlock, if they commit illegal sexual intercourse, their punishment is half that for free (unmarried) women. This is for him among you who is afraid of being harmed in his religion or in his body; but it is better for you that you practise self-restraint, and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah An-Nisaa’;19-25) 127. They ask your legal instruction concerning women, say: Allah instructs you about them, and about what is recited unto you in the Book concerning the orphan girls whom you give not the prescribed portions (as regards Mahr and inheritance) and yet whom you desire to marry, and (concerning) the children who are weak and oppressed, and that you stand firm for justice to orphans. And whatever good you do, Allah is Ever All-Aware of it.128. And if a woman fears cruelty or desertion on her husband’s part, there is no sin on them both if they make terms of peace between themselves; and making peace is better. And human inner-selves are swayed by greed. But if you do good and keep away from evil, verily, Allah is Ever Well-Acquainted with what you do.129. You will never be able to do perfect justice between wives even if it is your ardent desire, so do not incline too much to one of them (by giving her more of your time and provision) so as to leave the other hanging (i.e. neither divorced nor married). And if you do justice, and do all that is right and fear Allah by keeping away from all that is wrong, then Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.130. But if they separate (by divorce), Allah will provide abundance for everyone of them from His Bounty. And Allah is Ever All-Sufficient for His creatures’ need, All-Wise. (Surah An-Nisaa’ ;127-130)snv

May we request the intercession of the living? We may request the intercession of the living in our worldly affairs only, as Allah (SWT) says;  “Whosoever intercedes for a good cause will have the reward there of and whosoever intercedes for an evil cause will have a share in its burden…” (Surah an-Nisaa; 85) The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  said; “Intercede for others and you will be rewarded”.(Abu Daud).

May we seek help from the living? Yes, in the matters in which they are able (to help), As Allah (SWT) says; ). Help you one another in Al-Birr and At-Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety); but do not help one another in sin   and transgression. And fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Severe in punishment. ” (Surah al-Maidah; 2) The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) “Allah (SWT) helps His worshipper as long as the worshipper helps his brother’ (Muslim).

Men and Women have equal rewards for their deeds → So their Lord accepted of them (their supplication and answered them), “Never will I allow to be lost the work of any of you, be he male or female. You are (members) one of another, so those who emigrated and were driven out from their homes, and suffered harm in My Cause, and who fought, and were killed (in My Cause), verily, I will remit from them their evil deeds and admit them into Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise); a reward from Allah, and with Allah  is the best of rewards.”(Surah Ale-Imran 195).

Moderation→ “Eat and drink, but do not be immoderate.” (Surah Al-A’raf; 31) “Do not chain your hand to your neck (so that you are mean in spending), nor stretch it out to the utmost limit (so that you waste everything).” (Surah Al-Asraa; 29) And [they are] those who, when they spend, do so not excessively or sparingly but are ever, between that, justly moderate” (Qur’an 25;67).