Divine Verses 2

Does Islam teach that women are under the charge of men? Men are the protectors and maintainers of women,  according to the words of the Qur’an. – “Men are in charge of women, because Allah hath made the one of them to excel the other, and because they spend of their property (for the support of women). So good women are the obedient, guarding in secret that which Allah hath guarded. As for those from whom ye fear rebellion, admonish them and banish them to beds apart, and scourge them. Then if they obey you, seek not a way against them.”  (Surah An-Nisaa;34)  – “and the men are a degree above them” (Surah Al-Baqarah;228) “Tell thy wives and thy daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks close round them…”  Men determine how women dress. (Surah Al-Ahzab;59)  “And abide quietly in your homes…”  Women are confined to their homes except when they have permission to go out.  (Surah Al-Ahzab;33)  “Your wives are as a tilth unto you; so approach your tilth when or how ye will.”  (Surah Al-Baqarah;223) Wives are to be sexually available to their husbands in all ways at all times.  ” It may be if he divorced you (all) that his Lord will give him instead of you, wives better than you, Muslims (who submit to Allah), believers, obedient to Allah, turning to Allah in repentance, worshipping Allah sincerely, fasting or emigrants (for Allah’s sake), previously married and virgins. (Surah At-Tahrim;5).

Does Islam teach the hatred or subjugation of non-Muslims? We believe that hatred or subjugation of people of other faiths violates the Islamic principles of respect for human dignity and for freedom of religion and conscience. We understand the Qur’an explicitly to forbid the forcible imposition of religion when it states “there is no compulsion in religion” (Surah Al-Baqarah;256) and describes religious pluralism as part of God’s plan. The existence of old churches, temples, and synagogues throughout the Muslim world in places like Egypt, Turkey, Palestine, Jordan, Syria, Malaysia, Indonesia, Bangladesh, India, and Bosnia and the existence of minority religious populations in those areas demonstrates that this command was historically followed by many Muslim societies.

Does Islam tolerate other faith and beliefs? Islam is a religion of mercy, does not permit terrorism The Qur’an says; Allah does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against you on account of religion and did not drive you out of your homes. Verily, Allah loves those who deal with equity. (Surah al-Mumtahinah;8) It is one function of Islamic law to protect the privileged status of minorities, and this is why non-Muslim places of worship have flourishes all over the Islamic world. History provides many examples of Muslim tolerance towards other faiths; when the caliph Omar entered Jerusalem in the year 634,  Islam granted freedom of worship to all religious communities in the city. Islamic law also permits non-Muslim minorities to set up their own courts, which implement family laws drawn up by the minorities themselves..

Does Jesus the son of Mary give the Glad Tidings of a Messenger to come after him? 6. And (remember) when ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), said; “O Children of Israel! I am the Messenger of Allah unto you confirming the Taurat (Torah) which came before me, and giving glad tidings of a Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmed . But when he (Ahmed i.e. Muhammad ) came to them with clear proofs, they said; “This is plain magic.” (Surah As-Saff;6).

Does Organ transplantation allowed in Islam: Islam stresses upon saving lives ; 32. Because of that We ordained for the Children of Israel that if anyone killed a person not in retaliation of murder, or (and) to spread mischief in the land – it would be as if he killed all mankind, and if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of all mankind. And indeed, there came to them Our Messengers with clear proofs, evidences, and signs, even then after that many of them continued to exceed the limits (e.g. by doing oppression unjustly and exceeding beyond the limits set by Allah by committing the major sins) in the land!. (Surah Al-Maidah;32) thus, transplantation in general would be considered permissible in necessity provided a donor consent is available. The sale of the organ is not allowed.

Does Qur’an address to all humanity, without distinction of race, color and religion →The revelation of the Qur’an was the fulfillment of universal message and guidance to mankind who were in darkness and enmity. It was revealed by Almighty Allah to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) through Angel Jibril ‘Alaihiv Yalaam, stage by stage, spread over twenty-three years. In it, the teachings of previous scriptures were amended, improved or cancelled while additional teachings were introduced in order to cover all aspects of human life universally. “O people of the Book; indeed Our Messenger has come to you; he reveals to you many of those things from the Book which you used to conceal, and he passes over many things. Indeed there has come to you from Allah a light and clarifying Book’ (Surah Al-Maidah;15) The Holy Qur’aan revealed when man had gradually progressed from his collective age of infancy and adolescence to full maturity. It is the perfect code of human conduct and the most comprehensive guide for the mankind as a whole and for all time. 3. It is He Who has sent down the Book (the Qur’an) to you (Muhammad ) with truth, confirming what came before it. And he sent down the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel).4. Aforetime, as a guidance to mankind, And He sent down the criterion [of judgement between right and wrong (this Qur’an)]. Truly, those who disbelieve in the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, for them there is a severe torment; and Allah is All-Mighty, All-Able of Retribution. (Surah Ale-Imran;3-4) The above Qur’anic quotation confirms that the Message of the Qur’an is universal because the world have moved to universal brotherhood and it restricted to any particular race or locality. 107. And We have sent you (O Muhammad ) not but as a mercy for the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). (Surah Al-Anbiyah;107) The Qur’an is addressed to all humanity, without distinction of race, color and religion.  It is not specifically limited to the Arabs and the Muslims, but the whole of humanity.  This was why the Prophet Muhammed not only invited the Arabs but also the non-Arabs who were around him and those within his reach. He sent messages to the to the leaders of the nearby states, such as Emperors of Ethiopia, Egypt and Byzantine. This implies that it Prophet Muhammad sent only to the Arabs he wouldn’t have bothered to send messages to the above mentioned Emperors.  Therefore the Qur’aan is a universal message. “And We have not sent you but as a bearer of glad tidings and as a wamer to all mankind, but most people do not know.” (Surah Saba;28)  Furthermore, there are no indications of geographical, racial, tribal or individual peculiarities in the subjects that the Qur’aan treated. The subjects treated by the Qur’aan are of universal importance and they are fit for the past, present and futures of mankind in general.The Holy Qur’aan serves as the totality of revelations received by various Prophets(PBUH) of universal religion. This implies that all previous scriptures have been substantially preserved in the Qur’aan. The Qur’aan is to make those things in which the previous Books differed clear to the followers of those scriptures and all other people of the world. 64. And We have not sent down the Book (the Qur’an) to you (O Muhammad ), except that you may explain clearly unto them those things in which they differ, and (as) a guidance and a mercy for a folk who believe. (Surah An-Nahl;64) It should be noted that the Holy Qur’an is universally used by both Arabvnvnab v   vs and non-Arabs, Muslims and non-Muslims. It is meant for all irrespective of race, origin, religion, status because its teachings are universal. Moreover, numerous verses of the Qur’aan show by their contents and emphasis that it is meant for the guidance of the whole mankind.  While only few verses are expressingly addressed to the Arabs as it addresses other tribes or nation, too, therefore it cannot be called the Holy Book for the Arabs. The Qur’aan is the revival, completion, fulfillment and final accomplishment of the Revelations from Allah which started coming for the guidance of all mankind through Prophets right from Adam ‘(AS) to Prophet Muhammad ,@ The Holy Qur’aan is a Universal Message and it serves as a criterion to all servants of Allah and admonition to all creatures.  That is Today we are looking in the Holy Qur’an as a source book of science after fourteen hundred years of its revelations. Meanwhile the science has progressed much.

Does Qur’an brings ones life out of darkness into light → “It is He Who sends down manifest Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) to His slave (Muhammad) that He may bring you out from darkness into light Qur’an (Surah al-Hadid;9)

Does Qur’an encourage breastfeeding? Islam encourages breastfeeding as the natural way to feed a young child. In Islam, both parents and children have rights and responsibilities. Breastfeeding is considered a child’s right upon his or her parents, and it is highly recommended to do so if the mother is able. Breastfeeding is very clearly encouraged in the Qur’an. On this point, the Qur’an says; “233. The mothers shall give suck to their children for two whole years, (that is) for those (parents) who desire to complete the term of suckling, but the father of the child shall bear the cost of the mother’s food and clothing on a reasonable basis. No person shall have a burden laid on him greater than he can bear. No mother shall be treated unfairly on account of her child, nor father on account of his child. And on the (father’s) heir is incumbent the like of that (which was incumbent on the father). If they both decide on weaning, by mutual consent, and after due consultation, there is no sin on them. And if you decide on a foster suckling-mother for your children, there is no sin on you, provided you pay (the mother) what you agreed (to give her) on reasonable basis. And fear Allah and know that Allah is All-Seer of what you do. (Surah Al-Baqarah;233).Also, in reminding people to treat their parents with kindness, the Qur’an says; “His mother carried him, in weakness upon weakness, and his period of weaning is two years” (Surah Luqman;14). In a similar verse, Allah says; “His mother carried him with hardship, and gave birth to him in hardship. And the carrying of the child to his weaning is a period of thirty months” (Surah Al-Ahqaf;15).Therefore Islam strongly recommends breastfeeding, but recognizes that for various reasons, parents may be unable or unwilling to complete the recommended two years. The decision about breastfeeding and the time of weaning is expected to be a mutual decision by both parents, in consideration of what is best for their family.

Does Qur’an guide man to live a complete and full-fledged life? Yes the Qur’an guides people to live a complete life, every aspect of life has been discussed in the Qur’an, whether it is political, economic and social issue, individual and collective, of war or peace. In every sphere of life the Qur’an guides people clearly, And indeed We have fully explained to mankind, in this Qur’an, every kind of similitude, but most mankind refuse (the truth and accept nothing) but disbelief.. And indeed We have fully explained to mankind, in this Qur’an, every kind of similitude, but most mankind refuse (the truth and accept nothing) but disbelief. (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel;89) According to the Qur’an, if one wants to follow the right path, Allah (SWT) guides them onto the right path and one who chooses the wrong path on his own, Allah (SWT) never pressurizes them for the right path..

Does Qur’an prohibit killing without justification → “….and kill not anyone whom Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause (according to Islamic law). This He has commanded you that you may understand”  (Surah Al-Anam;151). “Those who invoke not, with Allah, any other god, nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred except for just cause, ….(Surah Al-Furqan;68). “And do not kill anyone which Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause…. ”  (Surah Al-Asraa;33). So Qur’an does not advocates Violence or Killing, on the other hand it treat unjust killing as one of the biggest crime, the punishment of which is Hell. Allah (SWT) says in Qur’an;“…. if any one slew a person – unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land – it would be as if he slew the whole people; and if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people….”  (Surah Al-Maa’idah;32).  Prophet himself telling that, one of major sins is killing innocent peoples. Hadith says; “Avoid the seven noxious things; associating anything with Allah, magic, killing one whom Allah has declared inviolate without a just cause, consuming the property of an orphan, devouring riba (interest), turning back when the army advances, and slandering chaste women who are believers but indiscreet” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim).

Does Qur’an provides a complete code of living life and guidance for preparing for the hereafter → Qur’an is a blessing for mankind to be able to live peaceful lives on this earth and has guidance to help mankind prepare for the hereafter as well. Allah says;  “… And We have sent down to you the Book (the Qur’an), as an exposition of everything, a guidance, a mercy, and glad tidings for those who have submitted themselves (to Allah as Muslims).” (Surah An-Nahl;89) 2. This is the Book (the Qur’an), whereof there is no doubt, a guidance to those who are Al-Muttaqun [the pious and righteous persons who fear Allah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has forbidden) and love Allah much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)]. (Surah Al-Baqarah;2) The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong). (Surah Al-Baqarah;185) This (Qur’an) is a clear insight and evidence for mankind, and a guidance and a mercy for people who have Faith with certainty (Surah Al-Jathiyah;20) 4. Aforetime, as a guidance to mankind, And He sent down the criterion [of judgement between right and wrong (this Qur’an)]. Truly, those who disbelieve in the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, for them there is a severe torment; and Allah is All-Mighty, All-Able of Retribution. (Surah Ale-Imran;4) 138. This (the Qur’an) is a plain statement for mankind, a guidance and instruction to those who are Al-Muttaqun. (Surah Ale-Imran;138) 52. Certainly, We have brought to them a Book (the Qur’an) which We have explained in detail with knowledge, – a guidance and a mercy to a people who believe. (Surah Al-A’raf;52) 108. . Say; “O you mankind! Now truth (i.e. the Qur’an and Prophet Muhammad), has come to you from your Lord. So whosoever receives guidance, he does so for the good of his own self, and whosoever goes astray, he does so to his own loss, and I am not (set) over you as a Wakil (disposer of affairs to oblige you for guidance).” (Surah Yunus;108).

Does Qur’an speak about lower partial pressure of oxygen in high altitudes? The coherence between science and Islam is impeccable. Indeed, scientists have been addressed in the Qur’an as those who fear Allah most; “Among His servants are those who truly fear Allah, those who have knowledge. For Allah is exalted in might, oft-forgiving.” (Surah Al-Fatir or Al-Mala’ikah;28). Therefore, it is not surprising the famous embryologist Keith L Moore has published his original text “The Developing Human” with the addition of Qur’anic and Hadith references about human embryology. In the Glorious Qur’an, Allah Almighty says; “Those Whom Allah (in His plan) wills to guide. He opens their breast to Islam. Those whom He willeth to leave straying He makes their breast close and constricted as if they had to climb up to the skies; thus does Allah (heap) the penalty on those who refuse to believe.”(Surah Al-An’am;125). This verse clearly speaks about lower partial pressure of oxygen in high altitudes leading to difficulty of breathing and dyspnea. This is particularly intriguing knowing that this man lived in the desert with no high mountains that may have resulted in a personal experience of high altitudes. Now, a wise man is supposed to ask how come an illiterate man can speak about lower oxygen tension when going high in the sky? To know such a fact 1,435 years ago, which was only discovered in modern times,“ must ring many bells in one’s mind that this is a message from God, the Creator..

Does Qur’an Teach Us Never Lose Hope? Desire accompanied by expectation of or belief in fulfillment…And whosoever fears Allah…He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty). And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine.  (Surah At-Talaq;2-3)…After a difficulty, Allah will soon grant relief. (Surah At-Talaq;7)… So, verily, with every difficulty, there is relief;. Therefore, when you are free (from your immediate task), still labor hard. And to your Lord turn (all) your attention. (Surah Al-Sharh;5-7). Allah promises us that after every difficulty is relief. We must never lose hope that our situation will improve. Say; “My servants, you who have transgressed against yourselves, do not despair of the mercy of Allah. Truly Allah forgives all wrong actions. He is the Ever-Forgiving, the Most Merciful.” (Surah Az-Zumar; 53). Allah commands us to never lose hope in His mercy and forgiveness. Even if we have committed many sins, Allah forgives all sins except that of associating partners with Him. O my sons (said Prophet Jacob)! Go you and enquire about Yusuf (Joseph) and his brother, and never give up hope of Allah’s Mercy. Certainly no one despairs of Allah’s Mercy, excep the people who disbelieve. (Surah Yusuf;87 ). Losing hope in Allah’s mercy is likened to disbelieving in Allah. Do you think that you will enter paradise without such trials as came to those who passed away before you? They experienced suffering and adversity and were so shaken in spirit that even the Prophet and the faithful who were with him cried, “When will Allah’s help come?” Ah, verily the help of Allah is near. (Surah Al-Baqara;214).The path to paradise involves trials and difficulties. But never lose hope! It is just a test! Surely there is in the person of Allah’s messenger an excellent example for you—for every person who has hope in Allah and the hereafter and who remembers Allah, reciting His name many times.(Surah Al-Ahzab;21). Hope is faith in Allah and the hereafter.…So be not of the despairing. (Surah Al-Hijr;55). Wealth and sons are allurements of the life of this world; but the things that endure, Good Deeds, are best in the sight of thy Lord, as rewards, and best as (the foundation for) hopes. (Surah Al-Kahf;46).The true foundation of hope is the good that we do in this life.God is with you and will never deprive you of your (good) deeds. (Surah Muhammad;35). Do not lose heart nor fall into despair! You shall triumph if you are believers.  (Surah Ale’Imran;139). True success comes to those who believe.  Their limbs do forsake their beds of sleep, the while they call on their Lord, in Fear and Hope; and they spend (in charity) out of the sustenance which We have bestowed on them.  (Surah As-Sajda;16). Waking up to pray to Allah when we are tired is a sure sign of our hope in Allah’s reward.Call upon your Lord humbly and in secret. Lo! He loveth not transgressors. Work not confusion in the Earth after the fair ordering thereof, and call on Him in fear and hope. Lo! The mercy of Allah is nigh unto the good. (Surah Al-A’raf;55-56). The believer calls on Allah in fear and hope; fear of His displeasure, and hope in His mercy and approval of us. Allah created mercy in one hundred parts and sent down to earth only one part. Because of this one part, there is mutual love amongst creation, so much so that an animal will lift up its hoof from its young one, fearing that it might harm it. Allah has reserved the remaining ninety-nine parts of this mercy to favor His believing servants on the Day of Judgment.(Bukhari and Muslim) This hadith is a source of great hope in that Allah has reserved 99 out of 100 parts of mercy for the Day of Judgment. Now reflect on this; only one part of this 100 is divided among all living creatures on earth, including every single human being. Whatever mercy there is on earth, 99 times of that is with Allah. We cannot even fathom how merciful God is! So whoever would hope for the meeting with his Lord – let him do righteous work and not associate in the worship of his Lord anyone. (Surah Al-Kahf;110). Let us be hopeful about meeting our Lord with our worship of Him alone.And consider this verse about Maryam (r);And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm tree. She said, “Oh, I wish I had died before this and was in oblivion, forgotten.” But he called her from below her, “Do not grieve; your Lord has provided beneath you a stream. And shake toward you the trunk of the palm tree; it will drop upon you ripe, fresh dates. (Surah Maryamn;23-25) Maryam (r) expressed her pain and suffering in an honest way, and Merciful Allah (swt) does not chastise her for this, but He comforts her with a stream and fresh dates.The Prophet (pbuh) experienced negative emotions at times, and Allah (swt) offered him comfort and guidance.Then perhaps you would kill yourself through grief over them, [O Muhammad], if they do not believe in this message, [and] out of sorrow (Surah Al-Kahf;6).Your Lord (O Muhammad () has neither forsaken you nor hated you. And indeed the Hereafter is better for you than the present (life of this world) And verily, your Lord will give you (all good) so that you shall be well-pleased. (Surah Adh-Dhuha;3-5) Our beloved Prophet (pbuh) experienced feelings of grief and sorrow, and Allah (swt) acknowledged his negative feelings and did not scold him for having such feelings. In the field of counseling, acknowledging one’s feelings is an extremely important step in self-improvement. As Muslims, rather than ignoring our negative feelings, we should recognize them for the sake of self-improvement. We should strive to find solutions to our problems and to practice being patient and grateful, for the sake of Allah (swt).When you are experiencing positive or negative feelings, remember to remember Allah (swt). If the feelings are positive, give thanks to Allah (swt). If the feelings are negative, turn to Allah (swt), call on Him, and find ways to positively cope with those feelings, rather than ignoring or denying them. SNV

Does Qur’an warns Christians against sliding towards polytheism in their worship of Jesus Christ→66. And if only they had acted according to the Taurat (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel), and what has (now) been sent down to them from their Lord (the Qur’an), they would surely have gotten provision from above them and from underneath their feet. There are from among them people who are on the right course (i.e. they act on the revelation and believe in Prophet Muhammad  like ‘Abdullah bin Salam ), but many of them do evil deeds.(Surah Al-Maidah;66).”Oh People of the Book! Commit no excesses in your religion, nor say of God anything but the truth. Christ Jesus, the son of Mary, was (no more than) a messenger of God, and His Word which He bestowed on Mary, and a spirit proceeding from Him.So believe in God and His messengers. Say not, ‘Trinity.’ Desist! It will be better for you, for isGod, Glory be to Him! (Far exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belong all things in the heavens and on earth. And enough is God as a Disposer of affairs” (Surah An-Nisaa;171).”The Jews call ‘Uzair a son of God, and the Christians call Christ the son of God. That is but a saying from their mouth; (in this) they but imitate what the unbelievers of old used to say. God’s curse be on them; how they are deluded away from the Truth! They take their priests and their anchorites to be their lords in derogation of God, and (they take as their Lord) Christ the son of Mary. Yet they were commanded to worship but One God; there is no god but He. Praise and glory to Him! (Far is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him)” (Surah At-Taubah;30-31). 51. And Allah said (O mankind!): “Take not ilahain (two gods in worship, etc.). Verily, He (Allah) is (the) only One Ilah (God). Then, fear Me (Allah Ìá ÌáÇáå) much [and Me (Alone), i.e. be away from all kinds of sins and evil deeds that Allah has forbidden and do all that Allah has ordained and worship none but Allah] . (Surah An-Nahl;51)snv

Does Shirk exist among Muslimus today? Yes, it does exist, the proof-text being Allah (SWT)’s Saying; “And most of them believe not in Allah except that they attribute partners unto Him i.e. they are Mushrikun-polytheists (Surah Yusuf;106)  – Eat not (O believers) of that (meat) on which Allah’s Name has not been pronounced (at the time of the slaughtering of the animal), for sure it is Fisq (a sin and disobedience of Allah). And certainly, the Shayatin (devils) do inspire their friends (from mankind) to dispute with you, and if you obey them [by making Al-Maytatah (a dead animal) legal by eating it], then you would indeed be Mushrikun (polytheists) because they (devils and their friends) made lawful to you to eat that which Allah has made unlawful to eat and you obeyed them by considering it lawful to eat, and by doing so you worshipped them, and to worship others besides Allah is polytheism.”. (Surah Al-Anam;121).

Does the frightening sound of the thunder mean something?  And Ar-Ra’d (thunder) glorifies and praises Him, and so do the angels because of His Awe, He sends the thunderbolts, and therewith He strikes whom He wills, yet they (disbelievers) dispute about Allah. And He is Mighty in strength and Severe in punishment. (Surah Ar-Ra’d;13).

Does The Holy Qur’an mentions information about the layers of darkness in the deep sea? Allah (SWT) says; “Or (the unbelievers’ state) is like the layers of darkness in a deep sea covered by waves topped by waves, topped by clouds; Layers of darkness, one above another. If a man stretches his hand, he can hardly see it. For any to whom Allah (SWT) gives no light, there is no light.”(Surah an-Nur;40) The Holy Qur’an mentions precise information about the layers of darkness in the deep sea. It refers to the causes underlying their formation and their arrangement atop each other. Man could not know of these layers of darkness until after 1930 AD. The Qur’an informs us of the existence of internal waves in the seas, a fact unknown to people before 1900 AD. It informs us that the internal waves cover the deep sea, a fact discovered only after the invention and use of submarines in the thirties of the twentieth century. The Qur’an also discloses the role of the surface waves and internal waves in creating the layers of darkness in the deep sea, a matter known only with the scientific advances in the later centuries. The above-mentioned pieces of information and knowledge were not discovered by man expect after he had invented such instruments of scientific research as enabled him to reach these depths and study these phenomena, and after a long period of research extending for three centuries during which hundreds of researchers and investigators worked hard to discover these facts. There is no light in the sea at 200 meters and below. Who then informed Muhammad (PBUH) of these secrets of the deep sea at a time when the means of scientific research were non-existent, and superstitions and myths were prevalent worldwide, particularly, in the marine field!.  How did these precise secrets reach this illiterate man, who lived among an illiterate nation and a desert environment, and who never sailed the sea throughout his life?.

Does the Qur’an have the story of the Fall of Man as told in the Bible? Are the stories similar or different? Adam and Eve were placed in a garden in a state of happiness. God instructed them to eat from any tree except one tree and God said to Adam, “eat both of you freely with pleasure and delight of things therein as wherever you will…” (Surah Al-Baqarah;35)  God continued his instructions to Adam and Eve by warning them “…come not near this tree or you both will be of the wrongdoers.” (Surah Al-Baqarah;35) What is understood is that Adam and Eve lived a tranquil existence and understood that they were forbidden to eat from the tree. Satan was waiting to exploit the weakness of mankind. Satan, however, promised them that if they eat from the tree they will live forever. Eventually, they were both deceived into eating from the forbidden tree and their nakedness became apparent to them. According to the Qur’an, both repented. God forgave them and guided them. God then expelled them from the garden. According to the Bible, because of God’s curse, serpents have to crawl and eat dust, women have to suffer in childbirth, and men have to sweat for a living. According to the Qur’an, no such curse was issued. The difficulties of life on earth are what make it different from life in paradise..

Does The Qur’an Leads to Paradise? The Qur’an states  “Verily, this Qur’an guides to that which is most just and right and gives glad tidings to the believers (in the Oneness of Allah and His Messenger, Muhammad , etc.). who work deeds of righteousness, that they shall have a great reward (Paradise). (Surah Al-Asraa;9) The Prophet said; “The Qur’an is an intercessor – something given permission to intercede, and it is rightfully believed in.  Whoever puts it in front of him, it will lead him to Paradise; whoever puts it behind him, it will steer him to the Hellfire.” There are many other benefits that await your reading of the Qur’an such as the chapter of the Qur’an that will plead on your behalf in the grave, and that it is a physical healing, a source of rest and relaxation for your heart, among many other things.

Does the Qur’an mention anything about inheritance and Who are the inheritors of the deceased’s property? There is a share for men and a share for women from what is left by parents and those nearest related, whether, the property be small or large – a legal share. (Surah an-Nisaa;7). Allah commands you as regards your children’s (inheritance); to the male, a portion equal to that of two females; if (there are) only daughters, two or more, their share is two thirds of the inheritance; if only one, her share is half. For parents, a sixth share of inheritance to each if the deceased left children; if no children and the parents are the (only) heirs, the mother has a third; if the deceased left brothers or (sisters), the mother has a sixth. (The distribution in all cases is) after the payment of legacies he may have bequeathed or debts. You know not which of them, whether your parents or your children, are nearest to you in benefit, (these fixed shares) are ordained by Allah And Allah is Ever All-Knower, All-Wise. In that which your wives leave, your share is a half if they have no child; but if they leave a child, you get a fourth of that which they leave after payment of legacies that they may have bequeathed or debts. In that which you leave, their (your wives) share is a fourth if you leave no child; but if you leave a child, they get an eighth of that which you leave after payment of legacies that you may have bequeathed or debts. If the man or woman whose inheritance is in question has left neither ascendants nor descendants, but has left a brother or a sister, each one of the two gets a sixth; but if more than two, they share in a third; after payment of legacies he (or she) may have bequeathed or debts, so that no loss is caused (to anyone). This is a Commandment from Allah; and Allah is Ever All-Knowing, Most-Forbearing. (Surah an-Nisaa;11-12). 33. And to everyone, We have appointed heirs of that (property) left by parents and relatives. To those also with whom you have made a pledge (brotherhood), give them their due portion (by Wasiya – wills, etc.). Truly, Allah is Ever a Witness over all things. (Surah An-Nisaa;33)  Ibn Umar related that the Prophet said; It is the duty of a Muslim man who has something which is to be given as a bequest not to have it for two nights without having his will written regarding it. (Bukhari, Muslim)Anas related that the Prophet said; If anyone deprives an heir of his inheritance, Allah will deprive him of his inheritance in Paradise on the Day of Resurrection. (Ibn Maja)

Does the Qur’an mention anything about the creation of the universe? The Quran states that the universe consisting of “seven firmaments and the earth” was created in six days.  54. Indeed your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in Six Days, and then He Istawa (rose over) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His Majesty). He brings the night as a cover over the day, seeking it rapidly, and (He created) the sun, the moon, the stars subjected to His Command. Surely, His is the Creation and Commandment. Blessed be Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)!  (Surah Al-A’raf;54). Of which four were for the earth and two for the Armaments evolved from “smoke” 10. He placed therein (i.e. the earth) firm mountains from above it, and He blessed it, and measured therein its sustenance (for its dwellers) in four Days equal (i.e. all these four ‘days’ were equal in the length of time), for all those who ask (about its creation).11. Then He Istawa (rose over) towards the heaven when it was smoke, and said to it and to the earth; “Come both of you willingly or unwillingly.” They both said; “We come, willingly.” (Surah Ha-Mim;10-11), a day in the reckoning of Allah being thousands of human years 4. The angels and the Ruh [Jibrael (Gabriel)] ascend to Him in a Day the measure whereof is fifty thousand years, (Surah Al-Ma’arij;4)The Qur’an talks about the creation of the universe, which in science is termed as the Big Bang Theory – “The creation of the universe is explained by astrophysicists as a widely accepted phenomenon, popularly known as ‘The Big Bang’. According to ‘The Big Bang’, the whole universe was initially one big mass (Primary Nebula). Then there was a ‘Big Bang’ (Secondary Separation) which resulted in the formation of Galaxies. These then divided to form stars, planets, the sun, the moon, etc. The origin of the universe was unique and the probability of it happening by ‘chance’ is nil. The Qur’an contains the following verse regarding the origin of the universe; “Do not the Unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together (as one unit of Creation), before We clove them asunder?” (Surah al-Anbiyaa;30) “He created the heavens and the earth from nothing” (Surah Al-Anam;101) This verse proves the scientific fact which was discovered that the universe came into being through the explosion of a single point-mass that had zero volume’ Before the Big Bang, there was no such thing as matter. From a condition of non-existence in which neither matter, nor energy, nor even time existed, and which can only be described metaphysically, matter, energy, and time were all created. “The Qur’an mentions the existence of a gaseous mass 11. Then He Istawa (rose over) towards the heaven when it was smoke, and said to it and to the earth; “Come both of you willingly or unwillingly.” They both said; “We come, willingly.” (Surah Fussilat/Surah Ha Mim As Sajdah;11) which is unique and whose elements, although at first fused together subsequently became separated (fatq). The separation process resulted in the formation of multiple worlds, a notion which crops up dozens of times in the Qur’an He (SWT) further says, “With power did We construct the heaven. Verily, We are Able to extend the vastness of space therefore.” (Surah Adh-Dhâriyât;47) These stages confirm the absolute wisdom and control in the creation of the heavens and the earth, because a slight error in calculations could have prevented the formation of the universe. This includes quantitative and qualitative calculations, the temperature, expansion rates and the combination discipline, especially as the entire process was a result of a big bang. snv…This fact, only recently discovered by modern physics, was announced to us in the Qur’an 1,430 years ago..

Does the Qur’an say to kill infidels? The short answer is no. The Qur’an does not teach that “infidels” should be killed, taxed, or converted as a matter of principle.You have to understand that Islam basically began in conflict. When Mohammed established the first Islamic state in Medina, he regarded the Jews as allies, and concluded a treaty with them. Only when they violated the treaty and sided with the Muslims’ enemies did the Prophet change his policy toward them. It is possible that this hadith is a reflection of the tensions between Muslims and Jews in Medina. However, bear in mind that Islam accords special status to both Christians and Jews.The Qur’an makes reference to different groups of non-Muslims. First, the Qur’an recognizes the natural diversity of humanity, “O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may know each other (not that ye may despise (each other). Verily the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things).” (Surah Al-Hujuraat;13) There is also the recognition that human beings are religiously and ethnically diverse, “For, had God so willed, He could surely have made you all one single community; however, He lets go astray him that wills [to go astray], and guides aright him that wills [to be guided]; and you will surely be called to account for all that you ever did!” (Surah An-Nahl;93)

Don’t reduce weight or measure to cheat people→  ” and give full measure and full weight with justice. We burden not any person, but that which he can bear. And whenever you give your word (i.e. judge between men or give evidence, etc.), say the truth even if a near relative is concerned, and fulfill the Covenant of Allah, This He commands you, that you may remember. (Surah Al-Anam;152).

During which month do Muslims fast for a month? Muslims fast during the month of Ramadan, the ninth month of the Lunar Muslim calendar – Allah (SWT), the Exalted mentions in the Qur’an “The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for humankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion. So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan) must observe the fasts that month, and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number from other days. God intends for you ease, and He does not want for you difficulty. (So you) must complete the same number, and that you must magnify God for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him.”(Surah Al-Baqarah;185). During this month from dawn to dusk, Muslims eat not a grain of food nor drink a drop of water, no matter how delicious the dish or how hungry or thirsty they feel.

Earthquakes as punishment in the Qur’an → the Qur’an emphasizes the fact that nothing happens in the universe without the knowledge, will and wisdom of the Creator. Earthquakes – like many other natural disasters – are part and parcel of the Divine plan for punishing the ill – doers trying the pious ones, and teaching the saved individuals the lesson of their lives. Unless taken in this context, human beings will never learn from their own mistakes or even from the mistakes of others. Understanding the mechanisms by which earthquakes take place and measuring both their intensities and magnitudes cannot help in their prediction. The only way of avoiding this and other disasters is heeding the Creator and living according to His guidance. The word “earthquake” is mentioned twice in the Glorious Qur’an, indicating “The Last Hour Quake” which is much more devastating than all the earthquakes that have affected and will affect our plant throughout its long history. The Glorious Qur’an reads;”O mankind! Fear your Lord and be dutiful to Him! Verily, the earthquake of the Hour (of Judgment) is a terrible thing. The Day you see it, every nursing mother will forget her nursing and every pregnant one will drop her load, and you shall see mankind as in a drunken state, yet they will not be drunken, but severe will be the Torment of Allah.” (Surah Al-Hajj;1-2). In the same context, the Glorious Qur’an also reads; “When the earth is shaken with its (final) earthquake. And when the earth throws out its burdens. And man will say; “What is the matter with it?” That Day it will declare its information (about all that happened over it of good or evil). Because your Lord will inspire it. That Day mankind will proceed in scattered groups that they may be shown their deeds. So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant) shall see it. And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant) shall see it.” (Surah Az-Zalzalah;1-8) Present-day earthquakes are mentioned in the Glorious Qur’an as forces that destroy foundations of buildings and hence cause their destruction, or cause rifting of the earth and swallowing the rifted part with its inhabitants. The Qur’an reads;”Those before them indeed plotted, but Allah struck at the foundation of their building, and then the roof fell down upon them, from above them, and the torment overtook them from directions they did not perceive.” (Surah an-Nahl;26) “Do then those who devise evil plots feel secure that Allah  will not sink them into the earth, or that the torment will not seize them from directions they perceive not?” (Surah an-Nahl;45) From the previous two verses we can see clearly that the main reason behind punishment with earthquakes is plotting against the way of Allah (SWT) and devising evil deeds against individuals or against humanity at large. The Glorious Qur’an repeatedly emphasizes the fact that earthquakes, rifting, tsunamis, Hurricanes, (or Typhoons), Cyclones Tropical Storms, Tropical Depressions and other natural disasters were and still are ways of expressing the wrath of the Creator against ill-doers of His creation. If innocent individuals are caught in the middle of this way of punishment, Allah (SWT) will resurrect them according to their intentions and will reward them amply. The Inimitable Qur’an reads; “Do you then feel secure that He will not cause a side of the land to swallow you up, or that He will not send against you a violent sand-storm? Then, you shall find no Wakil (guardian – one to guard you from the torment).” (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel;68) The Qur’an emphasizes the fact that earthquakes were among other forms of punishment of previous deviators and ill-doers by saying; “So We punished each (of them) for his sins; of them were some on whom We sent Hasib (a violent wind with shower of stones) (as the people of Lut (Lot), and of them were some who were overtaken by As-Saihah (torment-awful cry.(as Thamud or Shu’aib’s people), and of them were some whom We caused the earth to swallow (as Qar’an (Koran), and of them were some whom We drowned (as the people of Nuh (Nuh), or Fir’aun (Pharaoh) and his people). It was not Allah  Who wronged them, but they wronged themselves.” (Surah Al-‘Ankabut;40) The Glorious Qur’an also makes earthquakes together with other natural disasters a constant threat to those who commit evil deeds and persistently violate the Divine guidance by saying;”Or do you feel secure that He, Who is over the heaven (Allah), will not send against you a violent whirlwind? Then you shall know how (terrible) has been My Warning? And indeed those before them belied (the Messengers of Allah), then how terrible was My denial (punishment)?“ (Surah Al-Mulk;17-18).  Nevertheless, this does not defy the fact that nothing happens in the universe without the knowledge, will and wisdom of the Creator. Hence, if we want to avoid earthquakes we have to follow His guidance and avoid His displeasure as much as possible..

Earth’s relief→ “ An d Allah has made for you the earth wide spread (and expanse). That you may go about therein in broad roads.” (Surah an-Nuh;19-20) “And We have spread out the earth, how excellent Spreader (thereof) are We!”  (Surah  Az-Zariyat;48) “And at the mountains, how they are rooted and fixed firm? And the earth, how it is spread out?” (Surah Al-Ghashiyat;9-20) “Have We nor made the earth as a bed. And the mountains as pegs?”(Surah An-Naba;6-7) “ And the mountains He has fixed firmly.”(Surah An-Naziyat;32)

Eat and Drink, But Be Not Excessive — O Children of Adam! Take your adornment (by wearing your clean clothes), while praying and going round (the Tawaf of ) the Ka’bah, and eat and drink but waste not by extravagance, certainly He (Allah) likes not Al-Musrifun (those who waste by extravagance). (Surah al-Araf;31).

Electricity in the atmosphere → “ It is He who shows you the lightening, as a fear (for travelers) and  as a hope  (for those who wait for rain). And it is He Who brings up (or originates the clouds heavy (with water).” (Surah Ar-Ras;12-13) “ See you not that Allah drives the clouds gently, then joins them together, then makes them into a heap of layers, and you see the rain comes forth from between them. And He sends down from between them. And He sends down from the sky hail (like) mountains, (or there are in the heaven mountains of hail from where He send down hail),  and strike therewith whom He will, and averts it from whom He will. The vivid flash of its (clouds) lightening nearly blinds the sight.” (Surah An-Nur;43)

Encourage feeding poor →And urges not the feeding of Al-Miskin (the poor), (Surah al-Ma’un;3)  Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH)  love for the poor was so deep that he used to pray; “O Allah, keep me poor in my life and at my death and raise me at resurrection among those who are poor.” (Nasai).

Enjoin right, forbid wrong → “O my son! Aqim-is-Salat (perform As-Salat), enjoin (people) for Al-Ma’ruf (Islamic Monotheism and all that is good), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar(i.e. disbelief in the Oneness of Allah (SWT), polytheism of all kinds and all that is evil and bad), and bear with patience whatever befall you. Verily! These are some of the important commandments ordered by Allah with no exemption. (Surah Luqman;17).

Equality in Islam →The Qur’an says that all men – the creatures of one God -they are equal. Distinction of colour, class, race or territory are sheer illusions. Ideologies based on such distinctions are a great menace on earth. Qur`an gives the revolutionary concept of the unity of mankind and the quality of human beings.  Men are to be respected not because they are wealthy or powerful or belong to a certain race, caste or territory – but because they are human beings. Allah (SWT) says; “And indeed We have honoured the Children of Adam, and We have carried them on land and sea, and have provided them with At-Taiyibat (lawful good things), and have preferred them above many of those whom We have created with a marked preference. .” (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel;70) The Holy Qur’an further says;“ O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honourable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa [i.e. one of the Muttaqun (pious]. Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware. (Surah Al-Hujuraat;13).

Even Miracles Ask you to Work → In beautiful surah (chapter) Maryam is the verse that describes Virgin Mary as she was going through the physical and mental agony during her labour. In the middle of nowhere, all alone, afraid of the ugly accusations that are to fall upon her once she goes home with a fatherless son. “And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm tree. She said, Oh, I wish I had died before this and was in oblivion, forgotten. (Surah Maryam;23) But he -Gabriel -called her from below her, Do not grieve; your Lord has provided beneath you a stream.( Surah Maryam;24) And shake toward you the trunk of the palm tree; it will drop upon you ripe, fresh dates. (Surah Maryam;25) Shake , the word Shake … Even though virgin Mary was going through hell and God could simply have the dates spoon fed to her, she was ordered to shake. It is like God is saying put some effort and I shall help you. It reminds us that miracles do exist and prayers get answered, but you are ought to put the effort first. And it doesn’t matter if those efforts are dwarfish so long you are trying your best to reach your full potential.

Even the birds praise God→ “Seest thou not that it is God whose praises all beings in the heavens and on earth do celebrate, (even) the birds (of the air) with wings outspread? Each one knows its own (mode of) prayer and praise.” (Surah An-Nur;41)

Every Nation had an Apostle from Allah.

Everything created finally meets its end → Qur’an asserts that the universe will return back to its original state from which it had been created. The universe will contract on itself as Qur’an indicates that the heavens will be rolled up like a scroll. One day the whole universe containing all the living and non-living things will collapse because one of the counteracting forces of the dynamic balance in the universe would increase, causing an imbalance in it, thus resulting in its end..  “In  Qur’an, Allah (SWT) says; They made not a just estimate of Allah such as is due to Him. And on the Day of Resurrection the whole of the earth will be grasped by His Hand and the heavens will be rolled up in His Right Hand. Glorified is He, and high is He above all that they associate as partners with Him!  (Surah Az-Zumar; 67) “And do not pray along with Allah, to any other (presumed) god, there is no god except Him. Everything will perish except His Person, His is the judgment  and towards Him will you be returned”  (Surah al-Qasas;88) The following verses of the Qur’an elaborate this point; “And (remember) the Day when We shall roll up the heavens like a scroll rolled up for books, as We began the first creation, We shall repeat it, (it is) a promise binding upon Us. Truly, We shall do it. (Surah al-Anbiyaa;104)  “They ask you about the Hour (Day of Resurrection); “When will be its appointed time?” Say; “The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden.” They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say; “The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.” (Surah al-Araf;187 ) ” When the heaven is cleft asunder. And when the stars have fallen and scattered; (Surah Al-Infitaar;1-2)” And the moon will be eclipsed, And the sun and moon will be joined together (by going one into the other or folded up or deprived of their light, etc.) On that Day man will say; “Where (is the refuge) to flee?” No! There is no refuge! (Surah al-Qiyamah;8-10)” Whatsoever is on it (the earth) will perish. And the Face of your Lord full of Majesty and Honour will abide forever. Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinns and men) deny? (Surah Ar-Rahman;26-28) Through this comparison of heavenly bodies and birds, does Allah hint that as the birds are conscious and are obeying His laws, are all the heavenly bodies too, conscious? The following verses appear to provide an answer to this question; ” When the heaven is split asunder, And listens and obeys its Lord, and it must do so;. And when the earth is stretched forth, And has cast out all that was in it and became empty, (Surah Al-Inshiqaq;1-4)” That Day it will declare its information (about all what happened over it of good or evil). Because your Lord has inspired it.That Day mankind will proceed in scattered groups that they may be shown their deeds. (Surah Al-Zalzala; 4-6).To know that the universe has a beginning and it will absolutely end is undeniable proof that this universe has a creator who is all-mighty and all-powerful. To know that Qur’an which is a book revealed from 1435 years has mentioned these cosmological facts that have only been discovered in the previous few decades is undeniable proof that Qur’an is the word of Allah (SWT) the creator of this vast universe. This knowledge, which the Qur’an came with, included a precise description of the subtlest secrets at a time when humanity could never have known them, which indicates that its source is Divine, as Allah (SWT) says; “Say; “It (this Qur’an) has been sent down by Him (Allah (SWT) (the Real Lord of the heavens and earth) Who knows the secret of the heavens and the earth. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Surah Al-Furqan;6) It also indicates that the one to whom the Book was sent down was a Messenger inspired. Allah (SWT) but says the Truth in the Verse; ” Soon We will show them Our Signs in the universe, and in their own selves, until it becomes manifest to them that this (the Qur’an) is the truth. Is it not sufficient in regard to your Lord that He is a Witness over all things? (Surah Fussilat/Surah Ha Mim As Sajdah;53) .

Explain how the things mentioned in the Qur’an valid evidence of Allah’s (SWT)  creation, power and wisdom? Do they not look at the camels, how they are created? And at the heaven, how it is raised? And at the mountains, how they are rooted and fixed firm? And at the earth, how it is spread out? (Surah al-Ghaashiyah;17-20). The Most Beneficent (Allah)! Has taught (you mankind) the Qur’an (by His Mercy). He created man. He taught him eloquent speech.. The sun and the moon run on their fixed courses (exactly) calculated with measured out stages for each (for reckoning, etc.). And the herbs (or stars) and the trees both prostrate. And the heaven He has raised high, and He has set up the Balance. In order that you may not transgress (due) balance. And observe the weight with equity and do not make the balance deficient. And the earth He has put for the creatures. Therein are fruits, date-palms producing sheathed fruit-stalks (enclosing dates). And also corn, with (its) leaves and stalk for fodder, and sweet-scented plants. He created man (Adam) from sounding clay like the clay of pottery. And the jinns did He create from a smokeless flame of fire. (He is) the Lord of the two easts (places of sunrise during early summer and early winter) and the Lord of the two wests (places of sunset during early summer and early winter). He has let loosed the two seas (the salt water and the sweet) meet in together. Between them is a barrier which none of them can transgress. Out of them both come out pearl and coral. And His are the ships going and coming in the seas, like mountains. (Surah Ar-Rahman;1-24) So let man see from what he is created! He is created from a water gushing forth. Proceeding from between the back-bone and the ribs,. Verily, (Allah) is Able to bring him back (to life)!. The Day when all the secrets (deeds, prayers, fasting, etc.) will be examined (as to their truth). Then will (man) have no power, nor any helper. By the sky (having rain clouds) which gives rain, again and again. (Surah At-Tariq;5-11 ) It is He who shows you the lightning, as a fear (for travellers) and as a hope (for those who wait for rain). And it is He Who brings up (or originates) the clouds, heavy (with water). (Surah Ar-Rad;12) And We send the winds fertilizing (to fill heavily the clouds with water), then caused the water (rain) to descend from the sky, and We gave it to you to drink, and it is not you who are the owners of its stores [i.e. to give water to whom you like or to withhold it from whom you like]. (Surah al-Hijr;22) Have We not made the earth as a bed, And the mountains as pegs? And We have created you in pairs (male and female, tall and short, good and bad, etc.). And have made your sleep as a thing for rest. And have made the night as a covering (through its darkness), And have made the day for livelihood. And We have built above you seven strong (heavens), And have made (therein) a shining lamp (sun). And have sent down from the rainy clouds abundant water. That We may produce therewith corn and vegetations, And gardens of thick growth. (Surah an-Naba’;6-16) Have they not seen how We drive water (rain clouds) to the dry land without any vegetation, and therewith bring forth crops providing food for their cattle and themselves? Will they not then see? (Surah As-Sajdah;27) And We have made the heaven a roof, safe and well guarded. Yet they turn away from its signs (i.e. sun, moon, winds, clouds, etc.). (Surah al-Anbiyaa;32) See you not that Allah drives the clouds gently, then joins them together, then makes them into a heap of layers, and you see the rain comes forth from between them. And He sends down from the sky hail (like) mountains, (or there are in the heaven mountains of hail from where He sends down hail), and strike therewith whom He will, and averts it from whom He wills. The vivid flash of its (clouds) lightning nearly blinds the sight. (Surah an-Nur;43) Allah is He Who sends the winds, so they raise clouds, and spread them along the sky as He wills, and then break them into fragments, until you see rain drops come forth from their midst! Then when He has made them fall on whom of His slaves as He will, lo! they rejoice! (Surah Ar-Rum; 48) Verily, We have created man from Nutfah drops of mixed semen (discharge of man and woman), in order to try him, so We made him hearer, seer. (Surah al-Insan;2) Thereafter We made him (the offspring of Adam) as a Nutfah (mixed drops of the male and female sexual discharge) (and lodged it) in a safe lodging (womb of the woman). Then We made the Nutfah into a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood), then We made the clot into a little lump of flesh, then We made out of that little lump of flesh bones, then We clothed the bones with flesh, and then We brought it forth as another creation. So blessed be Allah, the Best of creators. (Surah al-Mu’minun;13-14) While He has created you in (different) stages [i.e. first Nutfah, then ‘Alaqah and then Mudghah, See you not how Allah has created the seven heavens one above another, And has made the moon a light therein, and made the sun a lamp? (Surah Nuh;14-16) He, it is Who has created you (Adam) from dust, then from a Nutfah [mixed semen drops of male and female discharge (i.e. Adam’s offspring)] then from a clot (a piece of coagulated blood), then brings you forth as children, then (makes you grow) to reach the age of full strength, and afterwards to be old (men and women), though some among you die before, and that you reach an appointed term, in order that you may understand. He it is Who gives life and causes death. And when He decides upon a thing He says to it only; “Be!” and it is.  See you not those who dispute about the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah (SWT)? How are they turning away (from the truth, i.e. Islamic Monotheism to the falsehood of polytheism)? (Surah Ghafir or Al-Mumin;67-69) And Allah did create you (Adam) from dust, then from Nutfah (male and female discharge semen drops i.e. Adam’s offspring), then He made you pairs (male and female). And no female conceives or gives birth, but with His Knowledge. And no aged man is granted a length of life, nor is a part cut off from his life (or another man’s life), but is in a Book (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz) Surely, that is easy for Allah. (Surah al-Fatir or Al-Malaikah;11).

Explanation of the Six Articles of Faith  — The foundation and basis of faith is faith in God Almighty, which is innate to man’s primordial nature, which all spirits acknowledged from the beginning in the ‘realm of the seed’ before creation, as God Almighty says: And (remember) when your Lord brought forth from the Children of Adam, from their loins, their seed (or from Adam’s loin his offspring) and made them testify as to themselves (saying): “Am I not your Lord?” They said: “Yes! We testify,” lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection: “Verily, we have been unaware of this.” (Surah Al-Araf;172)… The Muslim believes, and is certain, and testifies, that there is no god but God, alone with no partner: a Mighty God, a Glorious King, besides whom there is no other Lord, nor any other object of worship. He is Eternal, without beginning or end; there is no beginning to His First-ness, nor any end to His Last-ness. He is One, the Self-sufficient Besought of all, who neither begat nor was begotten, and none is like him. He has no likeness nor counterpart; there is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearing, All-Seeing. In His Holiness He is beyond time and space, and the resemblance of any created thing. Direction does not encompass Him, nor do temporal events befall Him. He is settled upon His Throne in the way that He said it, according to the meaning He intended, with a settling that befits the might of His Majesty and the height of His Glory and His Grandeur. He is near to all things, and nearer to man than his jugular vein. He watches over all things, and observes them. He is Living and All-Sustaining. Neither slumber nor sleep overcomes Him. He made the heavens and the earth; and when He decrees a thing, He but says to it ‘Be!’, and it is. God is the Creator of all things, and the Patron of all things.  Another article of faith is faith in the noble and holy angels, who are creatures of light, who do not disobey God when He commands them, and who do as they are commanded. 6. O you who believe! Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who disobey not, (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded. (Surah Al-Tahrim;6)… 7. Those (angels) who bear the Throne (of Allah) and those around it glorify the praises of their Lord, and believe in Him, and ask forgiveness for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah) (saying): “Our Lord! You comprehend all things in mercy and knowledge, so forgive those who repent and follow Your Way, and save them from the torment of the blazing Fire! (Surah Ghafir or Al-Mumin;7)… The heavens are well nigh rent above them, when the angels proclaim the praise of their Lord, and ask forgiveness for those on earth. Indeed, God is the Forgiving, the Merciful (Surah Al-Shura; 5)…There are also angels who come in turns to mankind by night and by day, and the recording scribes who abide with every person at all times. Another article of faith, without which the Muslim’s faith is invalid, is faith in the messengers and prophets (peace be upon them all), and in the revealed scriptures that God Almighty sent down; these include the scriptures of Abraham, Moses, the Psalms, the Torah, the Gospel and the Quran. none of these scriptures contained a promise from God to undertake to preserve them, save only the Holy Quran, in which the Almighty says: It is We who  have sent down the Remembrance; and indeed, We are its Guardian  (Surah al-Hijr;9)… Islam is the religion which includes all the prophets and envoys in faith, belief, allegiance and love; and God Almighty has made our worship contingent on faith in all the messengers and prophets, may God’s blessings and peace be upon them. So for us, faith is invalid if one does not believe in the prophethood of Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, or any other of the prophets whom God mentions in his Glorious Book when he says: Say: We believe in God, and in what has been sent down to us, and what was sent down to Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the Tribes, and what was given to Moses and Jesus and the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and to Him we surrender (Surah Ale-Imran;84)… From the article of faith in all the prophets and messengers, the Holy Qur’an made a foundation upon which the Muslim community can base its relations to other communities. The Almighty says:  O you who have faith! Have faith in God, and His Messenger, and the Book which He has revealed unto His Messenger, and the Book which He revealed afore time. Whoso disbelieves in God, and His angels, and His books, and His messengers, and the Last Day, has indeed wandered far astray (Surah An-Nisaa;136)…The principal and general basis, then, for our relations with all of our blessed prophets  is the connection of faith, love, belief and allegiance to their guidance: 90. They are those whom Allah had guided. So follow their guidance. Say: “No reward I ask of you for this (the Quran). It is only a reminder for the ‘Alamin (mankind and jinns).” (Surah Al-Anam;90)… and taking lessons and wisdoms from their stories and experiences with the communities of old. The best of the prophets are ‘the resolute (ulu al-`azm) from among the messengers, namely our masters Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad (PBUH), 35. Therefore be patient (O Muhammad ) as did the Messengers of strong will and be in no haste about them (disbelievers).  (Surah Al-Ahqaf;35)… Faith in the messengers must make no distinction between them, for God Almighty says: The Messenger believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, as do the believers. Each believes in God, and His angels, and His books, and His messengers: ‘We make no distinction between any of His messengers’ (Surah Al-Baqarah;285)… God has said: These are the messengers; We favored some of them over others. Some there are to whom God spoke, and some He raised in rank; and We gave Jesus son of Mary clear signs, and aided him with the Holy Spirit (Surah Al-Baqarah;253)… Another article of faith is faith in the resurrection, the Last Day, the reckoning and the requital according to divine mercy and justice, as Allah (SWT) says: Save for those who repent and do good works: God shall replace their sins with good deeds, and God is forgiving, merciful (Surah Al-Furqan;70)… and He forgives much (Surah Al-Shura;30)… Who so does an atom’s weight of good shall see it; and whoso does an atom’s weight of evil shall see it (Surah Al-Zalzala;7–8)… This is his way of stirring the believer’s aspiration and strengthening his resolve to take hold of himself and buckle down to acts of obedience and good deeds, and to forswear indulging caprices and delusions of happiness based on passions and fleeting pleasures. It also shows the believer how to take the long view of his future, which will stretch out without limit, far beyond the time he spends in this world.

For how long did the Muslims say there would be hostility and hatred between them and the disbelievers? Indeed there has been an excellent example for you in Ibrahim (Abraham) and those with him, when they said to their people; “Verily, we are free from you and whatever you worship besides Allah , we have rejected you, and there has started between us and you, (hostility and hatred for ever, until you believe in Allah  Alone,” except the saying of Ibrahim (Abraham) to his father; “Verily, I will ask for forgiveness (from Allah ) for you, but I have no power to do anything for you before Allah  .” Our Lord! In You (Alone) we put our trust, and to You (Alone) we turn in repentance, and to You (Alone) is (our) final Return, (Surah Al-Mumtahinah;4).

For what did the Prophets and believers pray? Allah sets no limits on prayer, invites believers to take refuge in Him, and tells them to ask for help in anything; “Call on Me and I will answer you” (Surah Ghafir;60) The Qur’an gives some examples of these prayers, as follows;-To guide them on the Straight Path, the Path of those whom Allah has blessed, and to separate them from the path of those with anger on them, and of the misguided.  (Surah  al-Fatiha;1-7)-To make the place they live a place of safety  (Surah  al-Baqarah;126)-To provide the inhabitants of their city, who have faith in Allah and the Last Day, with crops. (Surah  al-Baqara;126)-To make them Muslims submitted to Allah, and their descendants a Muslim community submitted to Allah.  (Surah  al-Baqarah;128)-To show them their rituals of worship.  (Surah  al-Baqarah;128)-To turn toward them. (Surah  al-Baqara; 128)-To raise up among them a Messenger to recite His Signs to them, teach them the Book and Wisdom, and purify them. (Surah  al-Baqarah;129)-To give them good both in the world and in the Hereafter.  (Surah  al-Baqarah; 201)-To safeguard them from the punishment of the Fire.  (Surah  al-Baqara, 201)-To pour down steadfastness upon them, make their feet firm, and help them against the unbelievers.  (al-Baqarah; 250)Not to take them to task if they forget or make a mistake. (Surah al-Baqarah; 286)–  Not to place on them a load like the one He placed on those before them, and not to place on them a load they do not have the strength to bear.  (Surah  al-Baqarah; 286)-To pardon them, to forgive them, and to have mercy on them.  (Surah  al-Baqara; 286)-Not to make their hearts swerve after He has guided them, and to give them mercy. (Surah Al `Imran;8-9)-To forgive their wrong actions, to erase their bad actions. (Surah Ale- `Imran; 193)-To give them what He promised them through His Messengers.  (Surah Ale- `Imran;194)– Not to disgrace them on the Day of Resurrection.  (Surah Ale- `Imran;194)-To judge between them and their people with truth. (Surah  al-A`raf;89)-To take them back to Him as Muslims. (Surah  al-A`raf; 126)-To rescue them, by His mercy, from the unbelievers. (Surah Yunus, 86)To grant them supporting authority direct from His presence. (Surah  al-Isra;80)-To make them people who keep up prayer and to accept their prayers. (Surah Ibrahim;40)-To forgive them and their parents on the Day of Judgment.  (Surah Ibrahim;41)-To expand their breasts and to make their task easy for them.  (Surah  Ta Ha;25-26)-To safeguard them from the goadings of the devils. (Surah  al-Mu’minun;97-98)-To make them a good example for those who do their duty.  (Surah  al-Furqan, 74)-To give them right judgment.  (Surah  ash-Shu`ara;83)-To make them among the inheritors of the garden of delight, and not to disgrace them on the Day of Resurrection . (Surah  ash-Shu`ara; 85, 87)-To keep them thankful for the blessing He has bestowed on them and on their parents, and to keep them acting rightly and to admit them, by His mercy, among His righteous servants.  (Surah  an-Naml;19)-To bestow good on them. (Surah  al-Qasas;24)-To forgive them and their brothers (and sisters) who preceded them in faith and not to put any rancor in their hearts toward believers.  (Surah  al-Hashr; 10)-To give them a kingdom from His presence. (Surah Sad; 35)-To give them decisive speech.  (Surah Ta Ha;27-28)

Forgive others for their mistakes → Islam encourages forgiveness and kindness, as mentioned in the following verses of the Qur’an; ” Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the foolish (i.e. don’t punish them). (Surah al-Araf; 199) “Pardon (people) and overlook (their faults). Don’t you love that Allah should forgive you.” (Surah An-Nur;22) “(The dutiful are) . . . those who restrain their anger and pardon people. Allah loves those who do good to others.” (Surah Ale-Imran;134)”Whenever they (true believers) are angry they forgive.” (Surah Ash-Shura;37)”The recompense of evil is punishment like it. But whoever forgives (an evil committed against himself) and amends (matters), his reward is with Allah. . . . Whoever is patient and forgives, that is a matter of great resolution.” (Surah Ash-Shura; 40, 43)When the Holy Prophet Muhammad defeated his enemies in Makka and returned to that city as its conqueror, he forgave them in the following words;”No reproof be against you this day; Allah may forgive you, and He is the most Merciful of those who show mercy.” (Surah Yusuf; 92) So Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) always repelled evil with good, for, in his view, an antidote was better than poison. He believed and practiced the precept that love could foil hatred and aggression could be won over by forgiveness. He overcame the ignorance of the people with the knowledge of Islam, and the folly and evil of the people with his kind and forgiving treatment. With his forgiveness, he freed people from the bondage of sin and crime, and also made them great friends of Islam. He was an exact image of the following verse of the Qur’an; “Good and evil are not alike. Repel evil with what is better. Then he, between whom and you there was hatred, will become as though he was a bosom friend.” (Surah Fussilat/Surah Ha Mim As Sajdah;34)

From what did Allah (SWT) create Adam?   Your Lord said to the angels, “I am going to create a human being out of clay. When I have formed him and breathed My Spirit into him, fall down in prostration to him!”.” (Surah Saad;71-72) and also says; ” Then inquire of them; Is it they who are stronger in structure or other things We have created? We created them from sticky clay ” (Surah As-Saffaat;11) He created man (Adam) from sounding clay like the clay of pottery. (Surah Ar-Rahman;14) He it is Who has created you from clay, and then has decreed a stated term (for you to die). And there is with Him another determined term (for you to be resurrected), yet you doubt (in the Resurrection). (Surah Al-Anam;2) In the Qur’an, Allah (SWT) reveals that the creation of man is a miracle. The first human being was created by Allah (SWT) shaping clay into a human form and then breathing a soul into it, Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an. When the human body is examined today, many elements present on the earth are also discovered to be found in the human body. Living tissues contain 95% carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus and sulphur, with a total of 26 different elements. In another verse of the Qur’an we are told;  “And indeed We created man (Adam) out of an extract of clay (water and earth). (Surah al-Muminun;12) The Arabic word “sulala,” translated as “extract” in the verse, means “representative example, essence.” As we have seen, the information revealed in the Qur’an 1,430 years ago confirms what modern science tells us-the fact that the same elements as those found in the soil  are employed in the human creation. As we notice above water forms the main component of the human being and any other being. Allah (SWT) says  ;” Allah created every [living] creature from water. Some of them go on their bellies, some of them on two legs, and some on four. Allah creates whatever He wills. Allah has power over all things”  (Surah an-Nur;45) ” and  We made from water every living thing? So will they not believe?”  (Surah al-Anbiyaa;30) “And it is He Who has created man from water, and has appointed for him kindred by blood, and kindred by marriage. And your Lord is Ever All-Powerful to do what He will. (Surah Al-Furqan;54) When we look at the verses concerned with the creation of human beings and living things, we clearly see evidence of a miracle. One such miracle is of the creation of living things from water. It was only possible for people to come across that information, clearly expressed in those verses, hundreds of years afterwards with the invention of the microscope. All life forms need water in order to survive. Animals in dry regions, therefore, have been created with mechanisms to protect their metabolisms from water loss and to ensure maximum benefit from water use. If water loss takes place in the body for any reason, and if that loss is not replaced, death will result in a few days. The famous 17th century scientist Jan Baptista van Helmont discovered in 1640s that water in the soil was the most important element of plant development..

From where shall we seek guidance? In the Name of Allah , the Most. Gracious, the Most Merciful. All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists). The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. The Only Owner (and the only Ruling judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e the Day of Resurrection) You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything). Guide us to the Straight Way (Surah Al-Fatiha;1-6).

From whom may we seek the Messenger’s intercession? We may seek the Messenger’s intercession from Allah (SWT) alone, as Allah (SWT) says; “Say; (O Muhammad (PBUH) “O My people! Work according to your way, I am working (according to my way). Then you will come to know,”To whom comes a disgracing torment, and on whom descends an everlasting torment.” Verily, We have sent down to you (O Muhammad (PBUH) the Book (this Qur’an) for mankind in truth. So whosoever accepts the guidance, it is only for his ownself, and whosoever goes astray, he goes astray only for his (own) loss. And you (O Muhammad (PBUH) are not a Wakil (trustee or disposer of affairs, or keeper) over them. It is Allah Who takes away the souls at the time of their death, and those that die not during their sleep. He keeps those (souls) for which He has ordained death and sends the rest for a term appointed. Verily, in this are signs for a people who think deeply. Have they taken others as intercessors besides Allah ? Say; “Even if they have power over nothing whatever and have no intelligence? ” Say; “To Allah  belongs all intercession. His is the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth, then to Him you shall be brought back.” (Surah Az-Zumar;39-44) And fear a Day (of Judgement) when a person shall not avail another, nor will intercession be accepted from him nor will compensation be taken from him nor will they be helped. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 48) And there are many angels in the heavens, whose intercession will avail nothing except after Allah has given leave for whom He wills and pleases. (Surah An-Najm;26) And fear the Day (of Judgement) when no person shall avail another, nor shall compensation be accepted from him, nor shall intercession be of use to him, nor shall they be helped. (Surah Al-Baqarah;123).

Give an ayah of the Qur’an which was revealed in accordance with a view expressed by ‘Omer ibn Al-Khattab (RA) 67. It is not for a Prophet that he should have prisoners of war (and free them with ransom) until he had made a great slaughter (among his enemies) in the land. You desire the good of this world (i.e. the money of ransom for freeing the captives), but Allah desires (for you) the Hereafter. And Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise. (Surah Al-Anfal;67)

Give the name of the Prophets (as) who is mentioned only twice in the Qur’an?  Iliyas (Elias) And Zakariya (Zachariya), and Yahya (John) and ‘Iesa (Jesus) and Iliyas (Elias), each one of them was of the righteous. (Surah Al-Anam;85), and the other  “And verily, Iliyas (Elias) was one of the Messengers”. (Surah As-Saffaat;123).

Give the names of the most important Prophets mentioned in the Qur’an? 13. He (Allah) has ordained for you the same religion (Islam) which He ordained for Nuh (Nuh), and that which We have inspired in you (O Muhammad ), and that which We ordained for Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses) and ‘Iesa (Jesus) saying you should establish religion (i.e. to do what it orders you to do practically), and make no divisions in it (religion) (i.e. various sects in religion). Intolerable for the Mushrikun , is that to which you (O Muhammad ) call them. Allah chooses for Himself whom He wills, and guides unto Himself who turns to Him in repentance and in obedience. (Surah Ash-Shurah;13) 163. Verily, We have inspired you (O Muhammad ) as We inspired Nuh (Nuh) and the Prophets after him; We (also) inspired Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma’il (Ishmael), Ishaque (Isaac), Ya’qub (Jacob), and Al-Asbat [the twelve sons of Ya’qub (Jacob)], ‘Isa (Jesus), Ayub (Job), Yunus (Jonah), Harun (Aaron), and Sulaiman (Solomon), and to Dawud (David) We gave the Zabur (Psalms). (Surah An-Nisaa’;163) Nuh (AS) as he received the first religious law or Shariat. Ibrahim (AS) as he received the Sahifa and many other Prophets were descended from him. Musa(AS)  as he received the Tawrat and was the Prophet of the Bani Isra’il. Isa (AS)  as he received the Injil. His birth was miraculous and he was able to perform miracles by the will of Allah. e) Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as he was the Final Messenger of Allah and received the Holy Qur’an.

Give the reasons why the disciples of Prophet Isa (AS) asked for a table of food (known as the Last Supper) from heaven? They wanted to eat from it and satisfy their hearts and know that they had been told the truth and for them to be witnesses; 111. And when I (Allah) put in the hearts of Al-Hawarieen (the disciples) [of ‘Iesa (Jesus)] to believe in Me and My Messenger, they said; “We believe. And bear witness that we are Muslims.” (Remember) when Al-Hawariun (the disciples) said; “O ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)! Can your Lord send down to us a table spread (with food) from heaven?” ‘Iesa (Jesus) said; “Fear Allah , if you are indeed believers.” They said; “We wish to eat thereof and to be stronger in Faith, and to know that you have indeed told us the truth and that we ourselves be its witnesses.” ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), said; “O Allah, our Lord! Send us from heaven a table spread (with food) that there may be for us – for the first and the last of us – a festival and a sign from You; and provide us sustenance, for You are the Best of sustainers.” Allah  said; “I am going to send it down unto you, but if any of you after that disbelieves, then I will punish him with a torment such as I have not inflicted on anyone among (all) the ‘Alamin (mankind and jinns).” (Surah al-Maidah;111-115).

Give three reasons why the evildoers should not feel secure from Allah’s (SWT) Punishment? Do then those who devise evil plots feel secure that Allah will not sink them into the earth, or that the torment will not seize them from directions they perceive not?  Or that He may catch them in the midst of their going to and fro (in their jobs), so that there be no escape for them (from Allah’s Punishment)? Or that He may catch them with gradual wasting (of their wealth and health). Truly! Your Lord is indeed full of Kindness, Most Merciful?. (Surah an-Nahl;45–47).

Goodness and kindness to others→  “Allah commands you to uphold justice and to do good to others and to give to the relatives.” (Surah An-Nahl;90) Three degrees of doing good are mentioned here; “justice,” which means returning any good that someone has done you with equal good; do good to others, which means taking the initiative in doing good to others; and give to the relatives, which means doing good to people instinctively and naturally just as one does good to one’s close relatives.”Do good to others, surely Allah loves those who do good to others.” (Surah Al-Baqara;195)

Grant more time to repay if the debtor is in hard time→ “And if the debtor is in a hard time (has no money), then grant him time till it is easy for him to repay, but if you remit it by way of charity, that is better for you if you did but know. (Surah Al-Baqarah;280).

Gratitude and Thankfulness→ “And if Allah touches you with affliction, none can remove it but He; But if He bestows upon you a favor, remember that He is the Possessor of every power to do all that He wills.” (Surah Al-Anam;17).

Has man been endowed with superiority over woman? “And they (women) have rights (over their husbands as regards living expenses, etc.) similar (to those of their husbands) over them (as regards obedience and respect, etc.) to what is reasonable, but men have a degree (of responsibility) over them. And Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise. (Surah Al-Baqarah;228).

Has the Qur’an been sent to all nations, regardless of time or location?Yes, for the Qur’an’s commands are for every person who lives until the Day of Resurrection. Those who lived 1,000 years ago and those who will live from now on will all be judged by the same book and the same commands. Entering a new century or changing technology or cities do not change humanity’s responsibilities to Allah. Whether a person lives in the midst of a great desert or in an apartment in a skyscraper, he or she must pray and adhere to the Qur’an’s values. Allah reveals that the Qur’an is sent to all beings and that all people will be judged from this book; Blessed be He Who has sent down the Criterion (Furqan) to His servant, so that he can be a warner to all beings.  (Surah  al-Furqan;1)

Has the Qur’an predicted the man’s travel into space? 33. O assembly of jinns and men! If you have power to pass beyond the zones of the heavens and the earth, then pass (them)! But you will never be able to pass them, except with authority (from Allah)! (Surah Ar-Rahman;33).

Has the science of neurology proved that the human brain becomes dead for some time during the human sleep?  42. It is Allah Who takes away the souls at the time of their death, and those that die not during their sleep. He keeps those (souls) for which He has ordained death and sends the rest for a term appointed. Verily, in this are signs for a people who think deeply. (Surah Al-Zumar;42).

Have all the Heavenly Scriptures been mentioned in the Glorious Qur’an?  Allah the Almighty cited the following only; the Glorious Qur’an, the Taurat (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel), the Zabur (Psalms), the Suhuf (Pages) of Musa (Moses) and Ibrahim (Abraham). He mentioned the rest in total, saying; Allah! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. It is He Who has sent down the Book (the Qur’an) to you (Muhammad (PBUH) with truth, confirming what came before it. And He sent down the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel), aforetime}. (Surah Al `Imran;2-4) Allah (SWT) says; “And to Dawud (David) We gave the Zabur (Psalms)}. (Surah An-Nisaa; 163 & Surah Al-Asraa 55) Allah (SWT) says; “Or is he not informed with what is in the Pages (Scripture) of Musa (Moses), and of Ibrahim (Abraham) who fulfilled (or conveyed) all that (Allah ordered him to do or convey). (Surah An-Najm;36-37) Allah says; “Indeed We have sent Our Messengers with clear proofs, and revealed with them the Scripture and the Balance (justice) that mankind may keep up justice}. (Surah Al-Hadid;25) Thus, we must believe in what was cited in detail and what was in total and say nothing but what Allah the Almighty Himself says; (Say; I believe in whatsoever Allah has sent down of the Book [all the holy Books, – this Qur’an and the Books of the old from the Taurat (Torah), or the Injeel (Gospel) or the Pages of Ibrahim (Abraham)]). (Surah Ash-Shura;15)

Hell is the abode of what kind of people? “Enter the gates of Hell to abide therein and (indeed) what an evil abode of the arrogant! (Surah Ghafir or Al-Mu’min;76) .

Help one another in good and righteous works, and do not help one another in sin and aggression.” (Surah Al-Maidah;2)

Help those in need by finding them; “(Charity is) for Fuqara (the poor), who in Allah’s Cause are restricted (from travel), and cannot move about in the land (for trade or work). The one who knows them not, thinks that they are rich because of their modesty. You may know them by their mark, they do not beg of people at all. And whatever you spend in good, surely Allah  knows it well. (Surah Al-Baqarah;273).

Historical documentation of the splitting of the moon→ During the Makkan era the infidels of Quraish asked the Prophet (peace be upon him) to show them a sign to prove the authenticity of his Prophethood, whereupon Allah split the moon into two halves. The Holy Qur’an mentioned that and recorded it in the Verse; “The hour drew nigh and the moon was rent in twain.” (Surah Al-Qamar;1)  If such an event had not occurred, the Muslims would have had suspicions about their religion and would have deserted it. The infidels would have said that Muhammad had told a lie for the moon had not split and that they had not seen any such thing. But what had happened increased the faith of the faithful, and the infidels were perplexed before the miracle that they could not interpret except as continuous magic. Allah (SWT) says; “The hour drew nigh and the moon was rent in twain. And if they behold a portent they turn away and say; prolonged magic. They denied (the Truth) and followed their own lusts. Yet everything will come to a decision.”(Surah Al-Qamar;1) The Indian history has recorded the name of one of their kings, Chakrawati Farmas, who is claimed to have witnessed the event of the splitting of the moon. An Indian historical manuscript [The Indian manuscript is kept in the India Office Library, London, which has reference number; Arabic, 2807, 152-173. It is quoted in the book “Muhammad Rasulullah,” by M. Hamidullah (2)] reports that; “There is a very old tradition in Malabar, South-West Coast of India, that Chakrawati Farmas, one of their kings had observed the splitting of the moon, the celebrated miracle of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) at Mecca, and learning, on inquiry, that there was a prediction of the coming of a Messenger of God from Arabia, he appointed his son as regent and set out to meet him. He embraced Islam at the hand of the Prophet, and when returning home, at the direction of the Prophet, he died at the port of Zafar. This information is in an Indian manuscript kept in the “India Office Library”, which contains several other details about King Chakrawati Farmas.

Hoarding → “O you who have believed, indeed many of the scholars and the monks devour the wealth of people unjustly and avert [them] from the way of Allah . And those who hoard gold and silver and spend it not in the way of Allah – give them tidings of a painful punishment.” (Surah At-Taubah;34).

Honesty→”Don’t go near the property of an orphan, except in a goodly way, till he attains maturity. And fulfil the promise (you make) . Give full measure when you measure out, and weigh with a true balance.” (Surah Al-Asraa;34-35)”Do not swallow up your property among yourselves by false means, nor offer it as a bribe to the officials so that you may swallow up other people’s property unlawfully while you know.” (Surah Al-Baqara;188)

Honor each other→ “O mankind! We created you from a male and a female and made you into nations and tribes that you may know and honor each other (not that you should despise one another). Indeed the most honorable of you in the sight of God is the most righteous.” Surah Al-Hujuraat;13

Honour your guests→ “Then he turned quickly to his household, brought out a roasted fattened calf, and placed it before them.  He said; ‘Will you not eat?’”- (Surah Ad-Dhariyat;26).

How a  Muslim should meet evil? The recompense for an evil is an evil like thereof, but whoever forgives and makes reconciliation, his reward is due from Allah. Verily, He likes not the Zalimun (oppressors, polytheists, and wrong-doers, etc.). (Surah Ash-Shu’ara;40), The good deed and the evil deed cannot be equal. Repel (the evil) with one which is better (i.e. Allah (SWT) ordered the faithful believers to be patient at the time of anger, and to excuse those who treat them badly), then verily! he, between whom and you there was enmity, (will become) as though he was a close friend. (Surah Fussilat/Surah Ha Mim As Sajdah;34) Whether you (mankind) disclose (by good words of thanks) a good deed (done to you in the form of a favour by someone), or conceal it, or pardon an evil, … verily, Allah is Ever Oft-Pardoning, All-Powerful. (Surah an-Nisaa;149) And verily, whosoever shows patience and forgives that would truly be from the things recommended by Allah (Surah Ash-Shu’ara;43).

How a Muslim deals with guilt complex? 286. Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope. He gets reward for that (good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earned. “Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error, our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us (Jews and Christians); our Lord! Put not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Pardon us and grant us Forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Maula (Patron, Suppor-ter and Protector, etc.) and give us victory over the disbelieving people.” (Surah Al-Baqarah;286). 128. “Our Lord! And make us submissive unto You and of our offspring a nation submissive unto You, and show us our Manasik (all the ceremonies of pilgrimage – Hajj and ‘Umrah, etc.), and accept our repentance. Truly, You are the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 128). 39. But whosoever repents after his crime and does righteous good deeds (by obeying Allah), then verily, Allah will pardon him (accept his repentance). Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah Al-Maidah;39) 60. Except those who repent and believe (in the Oneness of Allah and His Messenger Muhammad ), and work righteousness. Such will enter Paradise and they will not be wronged in aught.  (Surah Maryam;60) 89. Except for those who repent after that and do righteous deeds. Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 90. Verily, those who disbelieved after their Belief and then went on increasing in their disbelief (i.e. disbelief in the Qur’an and in Prophet Muhammad ) – never will their repentance be accepted [because they repent only by their tongues and not from their hearts]. And they are those who are astray. (Surah Ale-Imran;89-90) 18. And of no effect is the repentance of those who continue to do evil deeds until death faces one of them and he says; “Now I repent;” nor of those who die while they are disbelievers. For them We have prepared a painful torment. (Surah an-Nisaa;18) 8. O you who believe! Turn to Allah with sincere repentance! It may be that your Lord will remit from you your sins, and admit you into Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise) the Day that Allah will not disgrace the Prophet (Muhammad ) and those who believe with him, their Light will run forward before them and with (their Records Books of deeds) in their right hands they will say; “Our Lord! Keep perfect our Light for us [and do not put it off till we cross over the Sirat (a slippery bridge over the Hell) safely] and grant us forgiveness. Verily, You are Able to do all things .” (Surah At-Tahrim;8).

How a Muslim deals with inferiority complex? 3. He has created the heavens and the earth with truth, and He shaped you and made good your shapes, and to Him is the final Return. (Surah At-Tagabun;3) 13. O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honourable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa [i.e. one of the Muttaqun (pious – see V.2;2)]. Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware. (Surah Al-Hujuraat;13) 11. O you who believe! Let not a group scoff at another group, it may be that the latter are better than the former; nor let (some) women scoff at other women, it may be that the latter are better than the former, nor defame one another, nor insult one another by nicknames. How bad is it, to insult one’s brother after having Faith [i.e. to call your Muslim brother (a faithful believer) as; “O sinner”, or “O wicked”, etc.]. And whosoever does not repent, then such are indeed Zalimun (wrong-doers, etc.). (Surah Al-Hujuraat;11) 5. “And from the evil of the envier when he envies.” 5. “And from the evil of the envier when he envies.”  (Surah Al-Falaq;5) 23. In order that you may not be sad over matters that you fail to get, nor rejoice because of that which has been given to you. And Allah likes not prideful boasters. (Surah Al-Hadid;23).

How a Muslim should bear witness and how he should dispense justice? And if you are on a journey and cannot find a scribe, then let there be a pledge taken (mortgaging); then if one of you entrust the other, let the one who is entrusted discharge his trust (faithfully), and let him be afraid of Allah , his Lord. And conceal not the evidence for he, who hides it, surely his heart is sinful. And Allah  is All-Knower of what you do. (Surah Al-Baqarah;283) And those who do not witness falsehood, and if they pass by some evil play or evil talk, they pass by it with dignity. (Surah al-Furqan;72)  O you who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even though it be against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, be he rich or poor, Allah is a Better Protector to both (than you). So follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest you may avoid justice, and if you distort your witness or refuse to give it, verily, Allah is Ever Well-Acquainted with what you do. (Surah an-Nisaa;135) O you who believe! Keep your duty to Allah  and fear Him, and speak (always) the truth.  He will direct you to do righteous good deeds and will forgive you your sins. And whosoever obeys Allah  and His Messenger he has indeed achieved a great achievement (i.e. he will be saved from the Hell-fire and made to enter Paradise). (Surah Al-Ahzab;70-71).

How a Muslim should deal with fear complex ? 155. And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.). (Surah Al-Baqarah;155). 277. Truly those who believe, and do deeds of righteousness, and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and give Zakat, they will have their reward with their Lord. On them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 277). 38. We said; “Get down all of you from this place (the Paradise), then whenever there comes to you Guidance from Me, and whoever follows My Guidance, there shall be no fear on them, nor shall they grieve. (Surah Al-Baqarah;38). 13. Verily, those who say; “Our Lord is (only) Allah,” and thereafter Istaqamu (i.e. stood firm and straight on the Islamic Faith of Monotheism by abstaining from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which Allah has forbidden and by performing all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained), on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. (Surah Al-Ahqaf;13) 61. And Allah will deliver those who are the Muttaqun (pious – see V.2;2) to their places of success (Paradise). Evil shall touch them not, nor shall they grieve.(Surah Az-Zumar; 61) 62. No doubt! Verily, the Auliya’ of Allah [i.e. those who believe in the Oneness of Allah and fear Allah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which he has forbidden), and love Allah much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)], no fear shall come upon them nor shall they grieve ,  (Surah Yunus;  62) 69. Surely, those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah, in His Messenger Muhammad  and all that was revealed to him from Allah), those who are the Jews and the Sabians and the Christians, – whosoever believed in Allah and the Last Day, and worked righteousness, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve (Surah Al-Maidah;69) 3. So let them worship (Allah) the Lord of this House (the Ka’bah in Makkah). 4. (He) Who has fed them against hunger, and has made them safe from fear. (Surah Quraish;3-4) 40. If you help him (Muhammad ) not (it does not matter), for Allah did indeed help him when the disbelievers drove him out, the second of two, when they (Muhammad  and Abu Bakr ) were in the cave, and he (PBUH) said to his companion (Abu Bakr ); “Be not sad (or afraid), surely Allah is with us.” Then Allah sent down His Sakinah (calmness, tranquillity, peace, etc.) upon him, and strengthened him with forces (angels) which you saw not, and made the word of those who disbelieved the lowermost, while it was the Word of Allah that became the uppermost, and Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise. (Surah At-Taubah; 40) 34. And they will say; “All the praises and thanks be to Allah, Who has removed from us (all) grief. Verily, our Lord is indeed Oft-Forgiving, Most Ready to appreciate (good deeds and to recompense).(Surah Fatir;34).

How a Muslim should deal with stress and anxiety? Stress is “the physiological response to actions or events that place excessive psychological or physical demands on a person.” It is a condition or feeling experienced when a person perceives that demands exceed his ability or resources to handle them. No matter how bad you perceive your situation to be and how depressed or stressed or desperate you are, never give up on Allah (SWT). Doing so is actually tantamount to disbelief. “O my sons! Go you and enquire about Yusuf (Joseph) and his brother, and never give up hope of Allah’s Mercy. Certainly no one despairs of Allah’s Mercy, except the people who disbelieve.” (Surah Yusuf;87)  When you feel overwhelmed and down with stress, remember Allah (SWT) and do Zikr. Zikr refers to all forms of the remembrance of Allah (SWT), including Salat, Tasbeeh, making supplication (Dua), and reading Qur’an. “And your Lord said; “Invoke Me, i.e. believe in My Oneness (Islamic Monotheism)] (and ask Me for anything) I will respond to your (invocation). Verily! Those who scorn My worship [i.e. do not invoke Me, and do not believe in My Oneness, (Islamic Monotheism) they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!” (Surah Ghafir or Al-Mu’min;60) As Muslims, we are in direct communication with the Almighty. He is the only One Who not only Hears and Knows all, but Who can change our situation and give us the patience to deal with our difficulties. “Remember Me, and I shall remember you; be grateful to Me, and deny Me not” (Surah Al-Baqarah;152). Continuously relying on Allah (SWT) or Tawakkul is an intrinsic part of your life as a Muslim or Muslima, and especially so during times of stress. Before you leave home for work, say ‘in Your Name Allah, I put my trust in Allah, and there is no power or force except with Allah’ (Bismillahi Tawakal to al Allah wa la hawla wa la quwwata illa billah).Once you have determined how to deal with a stressful situation or problem, put your trust in the most Wise and the All-Knowing. “When you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah” (Surah Ale-Imran;159)..

How a Muslim should spend his wealth extravagantly? And let not your hand be tied (like a miser) to your neck nor stretch it forth to its utmost reach (like a spendthrift), so that you become blameworthy and in severe poverty. (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel;29) And those, who, when they spend, are neither extravagant nor niggardly, but hold a medium (way) between those (extremes). (Surah Al-Furqan;67).

How a Muslim should talk? “And be moderate (or show no insolence) in your walking, and lower your voice. Verily, the harshest of all voices is the voice (braying) of the ass.” (Surah Luqman;19).

How about a non-Muslim who embraces Islam? By embracing Islam, in fact, a person receives the greatest blessing of God. He forgives all the past sins and mistakes of such a person and he/she starts his/her life with a clean slate as if born again The Qur’an says; “ Say to those who have disbelieved, if they cease (from disbelief) their past will be forgiven. But if they return (thereto), then the examples of those (punished) before them have already preceded (as a warning).”(Surah Surah Al-Anfal;38) “Say; “O ‘Ibadi (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah, verily Allah  forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah Az-Zumar;53).

How Allah creates the pairs, male and female in the womb? In the Qur’an, it is said that masculinity or femininity are created out of a drop of semen which has been ejected’. However, until fairly recently, it was believed that a baby’s sex was determined by the mother’s cells. Science only discovered this information given in the Qur’an in the 20th century. And that He (Allah) creates the pairs, male and female, From Nutfah (drops of semen male and female discharges) when it is emitted; (Surah An-Najm;45-46).

How are Muslims related to one another and what to do in case two Muslim fight among themselves?  The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion). So make reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allah, that you may receive mercy. (Surah al-Hujuraat;10).

How are sins expiated? Allah (SWT) says; “If you avoid the great sins which you are forbidden to do, We shall expiate from you your (small) sins, and admit you to a Noble Entrance (i.e. Paradise)}. (Surah An-Nisaa;31) Allah (SWT) says; “Verily, the good deeds remove the evil deeds (i.e. small sins)}. (Surah Hud;114) Thus, Almighty Allah informed us that sins are being expiated by means of avoiding committing the Major sins and performing good deeds. In addition, the Hadith says; “And do a good deed after a sinful one to remove it.” (Ahmed, At-Tirmidhi, AI-Hakim) In addition, the authentic Hadiths state that the following deeds of obedience along with others expiate sins and misdeeds; these acts are as follows; performing perfect ablution, walking to the mosques for prayer, performing the five compulsory prayers, Friday Prayers attending, fasting Ramadan, standing in prayer through its nights and the Night of Might in particular, and fasting during the day of ‘Ashuraa’. However, most of these Hadiths stipulate that one should avoid committing the Major sins. Thus, avoiding the Major sins is a precondition for expiating the Minor sins through performing good deeds.

How are the pious gathered on Judgement Day? The Day We shall gather the Muttaqun (pious) unto the Most Beneficent (Allah (SWT), like a delegate (presented before a king for honour). (Surah Maryam;85).

How can ‘Allotment of Sustenance on the Part of Allah (SWT)’ and ‘Working for One’s Livelihood’ be Consistent with one Another? “Allah (SWT) increases the provision for whom He wills, and straitens (it for whom He wills), and they rejoice in the life of the world, whereas the life of this world as compared with the Hereafter is but a brief passing enjoyment.” (Surah Ar-Rad;26).

How can a Muslim attain success? Verily, those who believe and do righteous good deeds, for them will be Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise). That is the great success. (Surah al-Burooj;11) On the Day you shall see the believing men and the believing women their light running forward before them and by their right hands. Glad tidings for you this Day! Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever! Truly, this is the great success! (Surah al-Hadid;12) (And remember) the Day when He will gather you (all) on the Day of Gathering, that will be the Day of mutual loss and gain (i.e. loss for the disbelievers as they will enter the Hell-fire and gain for the believers as they will enter Paradise). And whosoever believes in Allah and performs righteous good deeds, He will remit from him his sins, and will admit him to Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise) to dwell therein forever, that will be the great success. (Surah al-Munafuqin;9) Those who follow the Messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write (i.e.Muhammad (PBUH) whom they find written with them in the Taurat (Torah) (Deut, xviii, 15) and the Injeel (Gospel) (John xiv, 16) , – he commands them for Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam has ordained); and forbids them from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); he allows them as lawful At-Taiyibat [(i.e. all good and lawful) as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.], and prohibits them as unlawful Al-Khaba’ith (i.e. all evil and unlawful as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.), he releases them from their heavy burdens (of Allah’s Covenant), and from the fetters (bindings) that were upon them. So those who believe in him (Muhammad (PBUH), honour him, help him, and follow the light (the Qur’an) which has been sent down with him, it is they who will be successful (Surah al-Araf;157). Indeed whosoever purifies himself (by avoiding polytheism and accepting Islamic Monotheism) shall achieve success, (Surah al-Ala;14).  Let there arise out of you a group of people inviting to all that is good (Islam), enjoining Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do) and forbidding Al-Munkar (polytheism and disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden). And it is they who are the successful. (Surah Ale-Imran;  104).  O you who believe! Do your duty to Allah  and fear Him. Seek the means of approach to Him, and strive hard in His Cause as much as you can. So that you may be successful. (Surah al-Maidah;35). (If you do so) He will forgive you your sins, and admit you into Gardens under which rivers flow, and pleasant dwelling in Gardens of ‘Adn – Eternity [‘Adn (Edn) Paradise], that is indeed the great success. (Surah as-Saff;12). Verily, for the Muttaqun, there will be a success (Paradise) (Surah al-Naba; 31). O you who believe! Endure and be more patient (than your enemy), and guard your territory by stationing army units permanently at the places from where the enemy can attack you, and fear Allah, so that you may be successful. (Surah Ale-Imran;200).

How can all sins – Major and Minor –be expiated? All sorts of sins can be expiated through sincere repentance. Allah (SWT) says; “O you who believe! Turn to Allah with sincere repentance! It may be that your Lord will expiate from you your sins, and admit you into Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise)}. (Surah At-Tahrim;8) Allah (SWT) says; “Except those who repent and believe (in Islamic Monotheism), and do righteous deeds, for those, Allah will change their sins into good deeds and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful}. (Surah Al-Furqan;70) Allah (SWT) says; “And those who, when they have committed Fahishah (illegal sexual intercourse) or wronged themselves with evil, remember Allah and ask forgiveness for . their sins; -and none can forgive sins but Allah – and do not persist in what (wrong) they have done, while they know. For such, the reward is Forgiveness from their Lord, and Gardens with rivers flowing underneath (Paradise), wherein they shall abide forever. How excellent is this reward for the doers (who do righteous deeds according to Allah’s Orders)}. (Surah Al’ Imran;135, 136) Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) says; “Repentance demolishes all the previous evil deeds.” ‘Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported; I heard Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) as saying; Allah is more pleased with the repentance of His believing servant than a person who loses his riding beast carrying food and drink. He sleeps (being disappointed of its recovery) and then gets up and goes in search for that, until he is stricken with thirst, then comes back to the place where he had been before and goes to sleep completely exhausted placing his head upon his hands waiting for death. And when he gets up, lol There is before him his riding beast and his provisions of food and drink. Allah is more pleased with the repentance of His servant than the recovery of this riding beast along with the provisions (of food and drink).”(Bukhari and Muslim)

How can honor be attained in the sight of Allah (SWT)? For those who have done good is the best (reward, i.e. Paradise) and even more (i.e. having the honour of glancing at the Countenance of Allah) . Neither darkness nor dust nor any humiliating disgrace shall cover their faces. They are the dwellers of Paradise, they will abide therein forever. (Surah Yunus;26).

How can Muslim overcome on unbeliever? Allah says in the Qur’an;   “O Prophet (Muhammad )! Urge the believers to fight. If there are twenty steadfast persons amongst you, they will overcome two hundred, and if there be a hundred steadfast persons they will overcome a thousand of those who disbelieve, because they (the disbelievers) are people who do not understand. Now Allah has lightened your (task), for He knows that there is weakness in you. So if there are of you a hundred steadfast persons, they shall overcome two hundred, and if there are a thousand of you, they shall overcome two thousand with the Leave of Allah. And Allah is with As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.). (Surah Al-Anfal;65-66).

How can Muslims become a distinguish Nation? O you who believe! If you obey and fear Allah, He will grant you Furqan a criterion [(to judge between right and wrong), or (Makhraj, i.e. making a way for you to get out from every difficulty)], and will expiate for you your sins, and forgive you, and Allah is the Owner of the Great Bounty. (Surah Al-Anfal;29)

How can Muslims save themselves from ruin? O you who believe! Enter perfectly in Islam (by obeying all the rules and regulations of the Islamic religion) and follow not the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan). Verily! He is to you a plain enemy. (Surah Al-Baqarah;208) “Say; “O ‘Ibadi (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah, verily Allah forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”And turn in repentance and in obedience with true Faith (Islamic Monotheism) to your Lord and submit to Him, (in Islam), before the torment comes upon you, then you will not be helped.”And follow the best of that which is sent down to you from your Lord (i.e. this Qur’an, do what it orders you to do and keep away from what it forbids), before the torment comes on you suddenly while you perceive not!” (Surah Az-Zumar;53-55).

How can one pass it safely? This can not be done unless through sticking firmly to the Glorious Qur’an and the Prophetic Sunnah. Allah (SWT) says; And whosoever obey Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad), then they will be in the company of those on whom Allah has the Prophets, the Siddiqun, the martyrs, and the righteous. And how excellent these companions are!. (Surah An-Nisaa;69) Those on whom Allah has bestowed His Grace are the same to whom the Straight Path was attributed in the Al-Fatihah the Opening Chapter; “Guide us to the Straight Way. The Way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace, not (the way) of those who earned Your Angry (such as the Jews) nor of those who went astray (such as the Christians)}. ((Surah Al-Fatihah;6, 7) No greater grace bestowed on the slave than guiding him to the Straight Path and enabling him to avoid the leading-astray paths. Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) left his Ummah (nation) on this as explained; “I have left you on the white Path, which night is like its day, and none gets astray thereof after me but a perishable one.” (Ibn Majah)

How Can prayer be said; on foot or on horse-back? And if you fear (an enemy) perform  Salat (pray) on foot or riding. And when you are in safety, offer the Salat (prayer) in the manner He has taught you, which you knew not (before).  (Surah Al-Baqarah;239).

How can the woman be acquitted (allegation of adultery? And the fifth (testimony) (should be) the invoking of the Curse of Allah on him if he be of those who tell a lie (against her). But it shall avert the punishment (of stoning to death) from her, if she bears witness four times by Allah, that he (her husband) is telling a lie. And the fifth (testimony) should be that the Wrath of Allah be upon her if he (her husband) speaks the truth. 10. And had it not been for the Grace of Allah and His Mercy on you (He would have hastened the punishment upon you)! And that Allah is the One Who accepts repentance, the All-Wise. (Surah an-Nur;7-10).

How can we answer the following question; Isn’t Allah Able to make all His slaves obedient and guided believers? Yes, He is Able to do so as He Himself showed in His Glorious Qur’an saying, And had Allah willed, He could have made you (all) one nation, but He sends astray whom He wills and guides whom He wills. But you shall certainly be called to account for what you used to do}. (Surah Al-Ma’idah, 48 & Surah An-Nahl;93) Allah (SWT) says; And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed, all of them together. (Surah Yunus, 99) But, that which He did to them is the requirement of His Wisdom, and the sign of His Lordship, Worship and Names and Attributes. Thus, whosoever says; “Why are there – from among His slaves -the obedient and the disobedient?” This is just like his saying; “Why are there among His Names; the Harm Inflicting and the Benefit Giver, the Giver and the Preventer, the Humiliator and the Raiser, etc.” As His Acts are the requirements of His Names and the effects of His Attributes. Thereupon, objecting to His Acts, is like objecting to His Names, Attributes, Worship and Lordship; Glorified is Allah, the Lord of the Throne, (High is He) above all that (evil) they associate with Him! He cannot be questioned as to what He does, while they will be questioned. (Surah Al-Anbiya’;22, 23)

How can we tell if a certain worship is innovated in Islam?  what is the way to distinguish between a Sunnah and a Bid’ah? Ans… When we come back to Tawhid and Ibadah, worshipping Allah by maintaining His unity in that worship, we do so in the way that the companions of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) did.We do not invent or introduce new ways of worship, as some people for example; they want to celebrate the birthday of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). So they say, “this is something good”. They may even bring a verse from the Qur’an. They will say, “56. Allah sends His Salat (Graces, Honours, Blessings, Mercy, etc.) on the Prophet (Muhammad ) and also His angels too (ask Allah to bless and forgive him). O you who believe! Send your Salat on (ask Allah to bless) him (Muhammad ), and (you should) greet (salute) him with the Islamic way of greeting (salutation i.e. As-Salamu ‘Alaikum). Surah Al-Ahzab; 56)

How could Allah bring us back after death after we are converted into bones and dust? ” Say; 49. And they say; “When we are bones and fragments (destroyed), should we really be resurrected (to be) a new creation?”50. Say (O Muhammad ) “Be you stones or iron,”51. “Or some created thing that is yet greater (or harder) in your breasts (thoughts to be resurrected, even then you shall be resurrected)” Then, they will say; “Who shall bring us back (to life)?” Say; “He Who created you first!” Then, they will shake their heads at you and say; “When will that be ?” Say; “Perhaps it is near!” Surah Al-Israa’;49-51)” In these verses disbelievers are questioning how could Allah bring them back after death after they are converted into bones and dust? But God tells his prophet Muhammad (PBUH) to say to them; even if you are converted after death into stones or even iron, God is still able to bring you back to life. Qur’an in these verses refers to the conversion of the dead into stones or iron and this fact has been proven scientifically, not only that but also this fact is now the scientific basis for more complicated studies of paleontology (prehistoric life science). So Qur’an preceded the modern science by referring to the fact of fossils formation due to conversion of the dead into stones or iron.

How could Allah create the world in six days if science has proved that the world and universe took millions of years to make?Let us look at Verse 54. Indeed your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in Six Days, and then He Istawa (rose over) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His Majesty). He brings the night as a cover over the day, seeking it rapidly, and (He created) the sun, the moon, the stars subjected to His Command. Surely, His is the Creation and Commandment. Blessed be Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)! Surah Al-A’raf;54) According to the Quran, the initial stage of the Universe was created in six days.  But however, the Universe is not static.  It is dynamic and constantly changing and expanding.Let us look at Verse 47. With power did We construct the heaven. Verily, We are Able to extend the vastness of space thereof. Surah Adh-Dhariyat ;47 “And the firmament, We constructed with power and skill and verily We are expanding it.”  The Universe according to the Quran will keep expanding and changing until the Day of Judgment. The Universe will also shrink:  “The Day that We roll up the heavens like a scroll rolled up for books (completed),- even as We produced the first creation, so shall We produce a new one: a promise We have undertaken: truly shall We fulfil it.  (Surah Al-Anbiyah;104)”The Galaxies of the Universe will all explode:  “And when the heaven splitteth asunder and becometh ROSY-LIKE PAINT -Surah Ar-Rahman;37)”

How could Allah’s slaves know what He loves? He says; “Say (O Muhammad (PBUH) to mankind); If you (really) love Allah then follow me, Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful}. (Surah Ale-Imran; 31)

How could the Qur’an be a healing for the bodies and a mercy to the believers? Qur’an is a means of both physical and spiritual healing.  The effect of sound (echo) and the meaning of the Qur’an have a healing effect on the body, the hearing and the mind. The letter “alif” echoes to the heart and the letter “ya” echoes in the pineal gland in the brain. Qur’an is a means of both physical and spiritual healing. Allah says in the Qur’an;  “O mankind! There has come to you a good advice from your Lord (i.e. the Qur’an, ordering all that is good and forbidding all that is evil), and a healing for that (disease of ignorance, doubt, hypocrisy and differences, etc.) in your breasts, – a guidance and a mercy (explaining lawful and unlawful things, etc.) for the believers.” (Surah Younus;57) Allah also says; And We sent down in the Qur’an such things that have healing and mercy for the believers (Surah Al-Isra;82) It is commonly known that Qur’an removes the causes of tension and cover the soul with tranquility and complacency.   The Prophet revealed that miracle when saying; “No people assembled in one of the houses of Allah (mosques), and recite and study the Book of Allah (among themselves), except that tranquility would prevail over them, and mercy would encompass them, and the angels would surround them, and Allah would make a mention of them in the presence of those near Him.”It is medically asserted that tension and worries lead to a deficiency in the immunity of human body in the face of all diseases.  The more the psychological and nervous condition of man is not stable, the more the chances to face the invasion of diseases.  Hence, the explanation becomes crystal clear- the Qur’an is a healing for bodies as it is a healing for the souls and spirits.  The Qur’an regains the balance of nervous and psychological systems for the believer who constantly recites and listens to it, and contemplates its meaning, thus leading to increase his bodily immunity and safeguard his internal defenses.  Man becomes in constant safety against the penetration of diseases.  With the Qur’anic prevailing luminous powers, all microbes and germs attacking the body in consecutive waves are resisted. Dr. Ahmed El Kadi conducted a research in USA on three groups of Americans who do not speak or understand Arabic.  He connected them to instruments for measuring biomedical functions such as blood pressure, heart pulses, EEG, myography, and sweat test.  He recited some Qur’anic verses for the first group, and ordinary sentences of everyday Arabic for the second group while the third group was a control group resting in a state of relaxation.  He found that the physiological changes for the first group listening to Qur’an recitation have more significantly improved than the other two groups. Verily said the Almighty Allah; “If We had sent down the Qur’an upon a mountain, you would have seen it humbled, split asunder out of the fear of Allah.  And those similitude- We strike them for men; haply they will reflect.” (Surah Al-Hashr;21).

How could we get Real Happiness and Inner Peace?  Real happiness and peace can be found in submitting to the commands of the Creator and the Sustainer of this world.  Allah has said in the Qur’an; Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism), and whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allah, Verily, in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest. (Surah Ar-Rad; 28) On the other hand, the one who turns away from the Qur’an will have a life of hardship in this world.  Allah has said; But whoever turns away from the Qur’an, he will have a hard life, and We will raise him up blind on the Day of Judgment. (Surah Ta-Ha; 124).

How could you be happy in the Hereafter? Whoever works righteousness, whether male or female, while he (or she) is a true believer (of Islamic Monotheism) verily, to him We will give a good life (in this world with respect, contentment and lawful provision), and We shall pay them certainly a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do (i.e. Paradise in the Hereafter). (Surah Al-Nahl;97)  Alif-Lam-Ra. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur’an, and none but Allah(Alone) knows their meanings]. These are the Verses of the Book (the Qur’an) Al-Hakim [showing lawful and unlawful things, explaining Allah’s (Divine) Laws for mankind, leading them to eternal happiness by ordering them to follow the true Islamic Monotheism, – worshipping none but Allah Alone – that will guide them to Paradise and save them from Hell]. (Surah Yunus;1) Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism), and work righteousness, Tuba (it means all kinds of happiness or name of a tree in Paradise) is for them and a beautiful place of (final) return. (Surah Ar-Rad;29)  Verily, for the Muttaqun (pious and righteous persons are Gardens of delight (Paradise) with their Lord. (Surah Al-Qalam;34) “Verily! Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah) and do righteous deeds, shall have the Gardens of Al-Firdaus (the Paradise) for their entertainment. (Surah Al-Kahf;107).

How could you be secure? It is those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah and worship none but Him Alone) and confuse not their belief with Zulm (wrong i.e. by worshipping others beside Allah (SWT), for them (only) there is security and they are the guided. (Surah Al-Anam;82).

How could you guarantee the blessings of Allah (SWT)? And (remember) when your Lord proclaimed; “If give thanks (by accepting Faith and worshipping none but Allah), I will give you more (of My Blessings); but if you are ungrateful (i.e. disbelievers), verily My punishment is indeed severe”. (Surah Ibrahim;7).

How could you save yourself from a painful torment? O you who believe! Shall I direct you to a bargain that will save you from a woeful punishment? Keep your faith in Allah  and His Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH)  and keep on striving hard in the cause of Allah  with your possessions and your persons. That would be best for you if only you realize. (Surah As-Saff;10-11).

How did the Jews & Christians take their rabbis and monks as their lords besides Allah (SWT)? They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their lords besides Allah (by obeying them in things which they made lawful or unlawful according to their own desires without being ordered by Allah), and (they also took as their Lord) Messiah, son of Maryam (Mary), while they (Jews and Christians) were commanded [in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel) to worship none but One Ilah (God – Allah) La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) . Praise and glory be to Him, (far above is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him).” (Surah Al-Bara’at/Surah At-Taubah;31).

How do Satan makes men disobedient to Allah (SWT) other than faith and beliefs? Verily, I will mislead them, and surely, I will arouse in them false desires; and certainly, I will order them to slit the ears of cattle, and indeed I will order them to change the nature created by Allah And whoever takes Satan (Satan) as a Wali (protector or helper) instead of Allah, has surely suffered a manifest loss.” (Surah an-Nisaa;119) . (Iblis) said; “Because You have sent me astray, surely I will sit in wait against them (human beings) on Your Straight Path. Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their right and from their left, and You will not find most of them as thankful ones (i.e. they will not be dutiful to You).” (Surah Al-A’raf;16-17) The majority of Muslims believe that false desires i.e. altering or modification of Allah’s creation consists in cosmetic surgery, tattooing, parting or filing the teeth, plucking the eyebrows, and hair grafting is an act of disobedience to Allah (SWT).

How do the values of Qur’an hold Muslims responsible for treating and Benefiting Humanity? The real existence on earth is of the one that benefits humanity.  “We have appointed a law and a practice for every one of you. Had God willed, He would have made you a single community, but He wanted to test you regarding what has come to you. So compete with each other in doing good. Every one of you will return to God and He will inform you regarding the things about which you differed.” (Surah al-Ma’ida;48) In acknowledgment of this fact, Muslims have an inner love and compassion for people of all faiths, races and nations, for they consider them as the manifestations of God in this world and treat them with a heartfelt respect and love. This is the very basis of communities administered by Islamic morality. The values of the Qur’an hold a Muslim responsible for treating all people, whether Muslim or non-Muslim, kindly and justly, protecting the needy and the innocent and “preventing the dissemination of mischief”. Mischief comprises all forms of anarchy and terror that remove security, comfort and peace.  “God does not love corruption”. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 205). snv

How do we eliminate (all traces of) Shirk? Shirk cannot be completely eliminated unless we exclude the following; firstly, The belief that others share in Allah’s works such as the (Sufi) belief that there are men called Qutub, who regulate the universe, even though Allah (SWT) asked the idolaters; “Say (O Muhammad; “Who provides for you from the sky and from the earth? Or who owns hearing and sight? And who brings out the living from the dead and brings out the dead from the living? And who disposes the affairs?” They will say; “Allah Say; “Will you not then be afraid of Allah’s Punishment (for setting up rivals in worship with Allah)?” (Surah Yunus;3l) secondly, The belief that others have the right to be worshipped, such as supplicating to the Prophets and saints for help etc. Allah (SWT) says; “Say (O Muhammad (PBUH) “I invoke only my Lord (Allah Alone), and I associate none as partners along with Him.” (Surah al-Jinn;20) Thirdly, The belief that others share in Allah (SWT)’s Attributes, such as the belief that the Prophets or saints have knowledge of the unseen, Allah (SWT) says; “Say; “None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghaib (unseen) except Allah, nor can they perceive when they shall be resurrected.”. (Surah An-Naml;65) and last, Anthropomorphism (Tashbih), comparing Allah (SWT)’s Attributes to humans, such as one who says; There must be a mediator between humans and Allah (SWT), to whom we address our prayers, just as one cannot meet the ruler or a higher authority (of a nation) except through a mediator, this is comparing the Creator to His creation, a form of Shirk. Allah (SWT) says; The Creator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you mates from yourselves, and for the cattle (also) mates. By this means He creates you (in the wombs). There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer..” (Surah Ash-Shurah;11)  Allah (SWT) says; “And indeed it has been revealed to you (O Muhammad, as it was to those (Allah’s Messengers) before you; “If you join others in worship with Allah, (then) surely (all) your deeds will be in vain, and you will certainly be among the losers.” Nay! But worship Allah (Alone and none else), and be among the grateful..” (Surah Az-Zumar;65-66) If one repents and eliminates these practices of Shirk and worship Allah (SWT) Alone he will once again become a true believer in the Oneness of Allah (SWT).

How do we know that the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) does not have knowledge of the future? Say (O Muhammad (PBUH); “I am not a new thing among the Messengers (of Allah) (i.e. I am not the first Messenger) nor do I know what will be done with me or with you. I only follow that which is revealed to me, and I am but a plain warner.” (Surah Al-Ahqaf;9).

How do we receive the record on Judgment Day? On Judgment day the lost people are given the Record (of their bad deeds); But whosoever is given his Record behind his back, (Surah Al-Inshiqaq;10)  But as for him who will be given his Record in his left hand, will say; “I wish that I had not been given my Record! (Surah Al-Haqqa;25).

How do we worship Allah (SWT)? Say (O Muhammad; “Verily, I am commanded to worship Allah (Alone) by obeying Him and doing religious deeds sincerely for Allah (SWT)’s sake only and not to show off, and not to set up rivals with Him in worship; (Surah Az-Zumar;11)   “O you who believe! Obey Allah (SWT), and obey the Messenger and render not vain your deeds’ (Surah Muhammad;33) Those who listen to the Word [good advice La ilaha ill-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah) and Islamic Monotheism, etc.] and follow the best thereof (i.e. worship Allah Alone, repent to Him and avoid Taghut, etc.) those are (the ones) whom Allah has guided and those are men of understanding (like Zaid bin ‘Amr bin Nufail, Salman Al-Farisi and Abu Dhar Al-Ghifari).  (Surah Az-Zumar;18).  95. Say (O Muhammad (PBUH); “Allah (SWT) has spoken the truth; follow the religion of Ibrahim (Abraham) Hanifa (Islamic Monotheism, i.e. he used to worship Allah Alone), and he was not of Al-Mushrikun.” (Surah Ale-Imran;95) The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said “Whoever does any deed (in religion) which we have not commanded, it is rejected “(Muslim).

How does Islam guarantee human rights? 21 Freedom of conscience is laid down by the Qur’an itself: ‘There is no compulsion in religion’. (Surah Al-Baqarah;256) The life and property of all citizens in an Islamic state are considered sacred whether a person is Muslim or not. ‘O mankind! We created you from a single soul, male and female, and made you into nations and tribes, so that you may come to know one another. Truly, the most honored of you in Allah’s sight is the greatest of you in piety. Allah is All-Knowing, All Aware. (Surah al-Hujuraat;13)

How does Islam instruct one to treat their parents and elders? In Islam, serving one’s parents is a duty second to prayer, and it is their right to expect it. Parents and elders should be taken care of in a generous and humble manner and should be treated with respect. Allah, the Exalted mentioned in the Qur’an;  And (remember) when We took a covenant from the Children of Israel, (saying); Worship none but Allah  (Alone) and be dutiful and good to parents, and to kindred, and to orphans and Al-Masakin (the poor), and speak good to people [i.e. enjoin righteousness and forbid evil, and say the truth about Muhammad (PBUH)  Peace be upon him ], and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and give Zakat. Then you slid back, except a few of you, while you are backsliders. (Surah Al-Baqarah;83), and your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one of them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at them but address them in terms of honour.  And lower unto them the wing of submission and humility through mercy, and say; “My Lord! Bestow on them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was small.” (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel;23-24)  And We have enjoined on man (to be dutiful and good) to his parents. His mother bore him in weakness and hardship upon weakness and hardship, and his weaning is in two years give thanks to Me and to your parents, unto Me is the final destination.  (Surah Luqman;14)  And We have enjoined on man to be dutiful and kind to his parents. His mother bears him with hardship and she brings him forth with hardship, and the bearing of him, and the weaning of him is thirty (30) months, till when he attains full strength and reaches forty years, he says; “My Lord! Grant me the power and ability that I may be grateful for Your Favour which You have bestowed upon me and upon my parents, and that I may do righteous good deeds, such as please You, and make my off-spring good. Truly, I have turned to You in repentance, and truly, I am one of the Muslims (submitting to Your Will).” (Surah Al-Ahqaf;15). “The Holy Prophet said, It is one of the greatest sins that a man should curse his parents. Someone said, How can a man curse his own parents? He said, If a man abuses the father of another, that person will abuse his parents (in return).” (Report in Bukhari.)

How does man benefit or suffer? Whatever of good reaches you, is from Allah (SWT), but whatever of evil befalls you, is from yourself. And We have sent you (O Muhammad (PBUH) as a Messenger to mankind, and Allah (SWT) is Sufficient as a Witness. (Surah an-Nisaa;79).

How does one perform the prayer with khushu’?Performing the prayer with khushu’ means performing this obligation through feeling an enormous awe of Allah, in the consciousness of being in His presence and feeling His majesty and greatness in one’s heart. In the prayer, a believer who is aware that he is in the presence of Allah, the Lord of the worlds, will experience that majesty and fear, and the closeness he feels to Allah will be proportionate to that fear and awe.  A believer who wishes to perform the obligation of the prayer in a proper manner must take precautions against anything that might prevent that state of the heart and try to establish the requisite attention and concentration.Allah tells us that when we stand in His presence we must remember Him alone, praise Him and express His Oneness, as the One Who is unfettered by any deficiency. The surahs and supplications unanimously agreed by the Ahl al-Sunnah should be recited in the prayer. Performing the prayer in the proper manner is a great opportunity for wholeheartedly praising our Lord. Indeed, in one verse Allah states the prayer is to be performed in remembrance of Him;I am Allah. There is no Deity but Me, so worship Me and perform prayer to remember Me.  (Surah Ta Ha;14)

How does the Qur’an define wrong doing? The Qur’an classifies those people who refuse to worship Allah, despite being reminded by His signs, as “those who do wrong,” as follows;Who could do greater wrong than those who lie about Allah and deny the truth when it comes to them? Do the unbelievers not have a dwelling place in Hell? (Surah  az-Zumar;32)Among the most significant signs of the erroneous path taken by these people is their inability to be grateful to Allah for His innumerable gifts and favors, as well as their lack of reflection on their weakness before His greatness. Besides drawing themselves to Hell by means of their erroneous character, they also call other people to the same evil conduct. Preventing others from living by the religion, they lead them to a great punishment both in this world and in the Hereafter. This is why Allah warns against following such people; “Do not rely on those who do wrong, thus causing the Fire to afflict you, for you have no protector besides Allah. Then you will not be helped.” (Surah Hud;113)

How easy is it for Allah (SWT) to create and resurrect all of mankind? The creation of you all and the resurrection of you all are only as (the creation and resurrection of) a single person. Verily, Allah is All-Hearer, All-Seer. (Surah Luqman;28).

How God (Allah) creates the pairs, male and female in the womb? In the Qur’an, it is said that masculinity or femininity are created out of a drop of semen which has been ejected’. However, until fairly recently, it was believed that a baby’s sex was determined by the mother’s cells. Science only discovered this information given in the Qur’an in the 20th century. And that He (Allah) creates the pairs, male and female, From Nutfah (drops of semen male and female discharges) when it is emitted; (Surah An-Najm;45-46).

How God honored the first human, Adam? God honoured the first human, Adam, in countless ways. Allah blew his soul into him, He fashioned him with His own hands and He ordered the Angels to bow down before him. 11. And surely, We created you (your father Adam) and then gave you shape (the noble shape of a human being), then We told the angels, “Prostrate to Adam”, and they prostrated, except Iblis (Satan), he refused to be of those who prostrate. (Surah Al-A’raf;11)  72. So when I have fashioned him and breathed into him (his) soul created by Me, then you fall down prostrate to him.”73. So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them; 74. Except Iblis (Satan) he was proud and was one of the disbelievers. (Surah Saad;72-74).

How is extravagance referred to in the Qur’an? “But waste not by excess: for Allah loveth not the wasters (Al-Musrifun (those who waste by extravagance)).”(Surah Al An’am;141) Allah has forbidden His servants to be extravagant, revealing what the criterion should be when spending;  Those who, when they spend, are neither extravagant nor mean, but take a stance mid way between the two. (Surah  al-Furqan;67) Muslims spend everything they have in the way of Allah and in the way that would please Him most. They do not forget that what they have is what Allah has given them as a blessing and that they are not the real owners of any of it. When they have to make sacrifices they spend everything they have as commanded by the Qur’an; yet when expenditure is unnecessary they avoid spending even a single penny wastefully. Allah, in the Qur’an, has commanded believers to give their goods to those in need, but not to squander them;Give your relatives their due, and the very poor and travellers but do not squander what you have. Squanderers are brothers to the satans, and satan was ungrateful to his Lord. (Surah al-Isra;26-27) “Moderation in giving” And do not make your hand as chained to your neck or extend it completely and thereby become blamed and insolvent.” (Surah Al-Asraa; 29 On the other hand, avoiding extravagance should not be misunderstood to mean avoiding the gifts of Allah. He states in the Qur’an “… eat and drink but do not be profligate. He does not love the profligate.” (Surah al-A’raf;31) In this verse Allah has told believers to enjoy His gifts, and has forbidden them only to spend wastefully. Today, however, in societies remote from Islamic morals, extravagance is not paid the attention it is due. In restaurants and houses, plates of food and huge amounts of bread, fruits and vegetables are thoughtlessly thrown away. But Allah has forbidden extravagance, whether in significant or insignificant amounts. Therefore people should try to find a way to make use of all such provision before they spoil, instead of throwing them away saying, “this has gone off” or “we cannot use this”. Only in this way can they give these gifts their due; otherwise the result is scarcity and ingratitude to Allah.

How is jealousy mentioned in the Qur’an? Envy is condemned in the Qur’an.  Allah has revealed that He created the soul of mankind prone to selfishness, but that believers should be wary of it;… But people are prone to selfish greed. If you do good and guard against evil, Allah is aware of what you do.(Surah  an-Nisaa;128) Some people answer “yes” or “a bit” when they are asked if they are jealous. Yet they do not think much about the meaning hidden behind this answer. Jealousy comes as a result of not accepting that somebody else is superior to oneself in a particular aspect. This, indeed, is an extremely wrong attitude which may lead a person even to haughtiness against Allah, because it is Allah Who grants people everything they possess; He gives as He wills and no one can ever prevent this.Apart from this, it is also related in the Qur’an that satan rebelled against Allah by not prostrating himself before Adam. We are informed that he regards himself superior to Adam. So we face an important fact at this point; jealousy is, in fact, an attribute of satan, and anyone who fears Allah should strictly avoid it. In the Qur’an, Allah tells believers to take refuge in Him to protect themselves from the evil of the envious; Say; “I seek refuge with the Lord of Daybreak (Surah  al-Falaq;1)From the evil of an envier when he envies.. (Surah  al-Falaq;5)

How is mankind instructed to show gratitude to the creator? Man is instructed to show gratitude to Allah (SWT) by glorifying Him. In the Qur’an, Allah (SWT) says; “So glorify the praises of your Lord and be of those who prostrate themselves (to Him).” (Surah al-Hijr;98) In glorifying Allah (SWT), man chooses to be in harmony with the rest of creation which naturally glorifies its Creator. Allah (SWT) addresses this phenomenon in many chapters of the Qur’an.  For example, in the Qur’an, Allah (SWT) states; “The seven heavens and the earth and all that is therein, glorify Him and there is not a thing but glorifies His Praise. But you understand not their glorification. Truly, He is Ever Forbearing, Oft-Forgiving.” (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel;44) And He it is Who has put the night and the day in succession, for such who desires to remember or desires to show his gratitude. (Surah Al-Furqan;62). And remember the Name of your Lord every morning and afternoon [i.e. offering of the Morning (Fajr), Zuhr, and ‘Asr prayers]. And during night, prostrate yourself to Him (i.e. the offering of Maghrib and ‘Isha’ prayers), and glorify Him a long night through (i.e. Tahajjud prayer). (Surah al-Insan;25-26) And remembers (glorifies) the Name of his Lord (worships none but Allah), and prays (five compulsory prayers and Nawafil additional prayers). (Surah al-A’la;15) Therefore remember Me (by praying, glorifying, etc.). I will remember you, and be grateful to Me (for My countless Favours on you) and never be ungrateful to Me. (Surah Al-Baqarah;152) ‘ So bear patiently (O Muhammad (PBUH) what they say, and glorify the praises of your Lord before the rising of the sun, and before its setting, and during some of the hours of the night, and at the sides of the day (an indication for the five compulsory congregational prayers), that you may become pleased with the reward which Allah shall give you. (Surah Ta-Ha;130) They (i.e. the angels) glorify His Praises night and day, (and) they never slacken (to do so). (Surah al-Anbiyaa;20) In houses (mosques), which Allah has ordered to be raised (to be cleaned, and to be honoured), in them His Name is glorified in the mornings and in the afternoons or the evenings, (Surah an-Nur;36) So glorify Allah [above all that (evil) they associate with Him (O believers)], when you come up to the evening [i.e. offer the (Maghrib) sunset and (‘Isha’) night prayers], and when you enter the morning [i.e. offer the (Fajr) morning prayer]. And His is all the praises and thanks in the heavens and the earth, and (glorify Him) in the afternoon (i.e. offer ‘Asr prayer) and when you come up to the time, when the day begins to decline (i.e. offer Zuhr prayer). (Ibn ‘Abbas said; “These are the five compulsory congregational prayers mentioned in the Qur’an).” (Surah Ar-Rum;17-18) So be patient (O Muhammad (PBUH). Verily, the Promise of Allah is true, and ask forgiveness for your fault, and glorify the praises of your Lord in the Ashi (i.e. the time period after the midnoon till sunset) and in the Ibkar (i.e. the time period from early morning or sunrise till before midnoon) [it is said that, that means the five compulsory congregational Salat (prayers) or the ‘Asr and Fajr prayers]. (Surah Ghafir or Al-Mu’min;55) And indeed We created the heavens and the earth and all between them in six Days and nothing of fatigue touched Us. So bear with patience (O Muhammad (PBUH) all that they say, and glorify the Praises of your Lord, before the rising of the sun and before (its) setting (i.e. the Fajr, Zuhr, and ‘Asr prayers) And during a part of the night (also), glorify His praises (i.e. Maghrib and ‘Isha prayers), and (so likewise) after the prayers  (Surah Qaf;38-40).

How is Paradise described in the Qur’an? Allah (SWT) has described it in the Qur’an as a beautiful garden, in which people will find all the good things that they like best – shaded trees, rivers, flowers, beautiful houses of pearls and wonderful things to eat and drink, and the company of those we love. Whatever is there gives joy and happiness, and the greatest joy is the nearness to Allah (SWT) Himself.  The description of Paradise which the Muttaqun (pious ) have been promised is that in it are rivers of water the taste and smell of which are not changed; rivers of milk of which the taste never changes; rivers of wine delicious to those who drink; and rivers of clarified honey (clear and pure) therein for them is every kind of fruit; and forgiveness from their Lord. (Are these) like those who shall dwell forever in the Fire, and be given, to drink, boiling water, so that it cuts up their bowels? (Surah Muhammad;15) “Eat and drink with happiness because of what you used to do.” They will recline (with ease) on thrones arranged in ranks. And We shall marry them to Houris (female, fair ones) with wide lovely eyes. (Surah At-Tur;19-20) Verily! The Muttaqun (pious), will be in place of Security (Paradise). Among Gardens and Springs; Dressed in fine silk and (also) in thick silk, facing each other, So (it will be), and We shall marry them to Houris (female fair ones) with wide, lovely eyes. They will call therein for every kind of fruit in peace and security; they will never taste death therein except the first death (of this world), and He will save them from the torment of the blazing Fire, As a Bounty from your Lord! That will be the supreme success! (Surah Ad-Dukhan;51-57) You will see (on the Day of Resurrection), the Zalimun  (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.) fearful of that which they have earned, and it (Allah’s Torment) will surely befall them, while those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah Islamic  monotheism) and do righteous deeds (will be) in the flowering meadows of the Gardens (Paradise), having what they wish from their Lord. That is the supreme Grace, (Paradise). (Surah Ash-Shu’ara;22) ‘Adn (Eden) Paradise (everlasting Gardens) will they enter, therein will they be adorned with bracelets of gold and pearls, and their garments there will be of silk (i.e. in Paradise). (Surah Al-Fatir;33) These! For them will be ‘Adn (Eden) Paradise (everlasting Gardens); wherein rivers flow underneath them, therein they will be adorned with bracelets of gold, and they will wear green garments of fine and thick silk. They will recline therein on raised thrones. How good is the reward, and what an excellent Murtafaqa (dwelling, resting place, etc.)! (Surah Al-Kahf;31).

How is Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) like us? Say (O Muhammad (PBUH); “I am only a human being like you. It is inspired in me that your Ilah (God) is One Ilah (God-Allah), therefore take Straight Path to Him (with true Faith Islamic Monotheism) and obedience to Him, and seek forgiveness of Him. And woe to Al-Mushrikun (the disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, polytheists, idolaters, etc. – (Surah Fussilat/Surah Ha Mim As Sajdah;6).

How is the creation of mankind related in the Qur’an?Allah gives ample information in the Qur’an about the creation of mankind. Most of this information contains facts that could not be known by the people of that time, but have recently been discovered by modern science; which is one of the innumerable scientific miracles of the Qur’an. Information given in the Qur’an about the creation of mankind can be summarised as follows;The nutritive fluid called semen, which contains sperm, is not composed only of sperms. On the contrary, semen is composed of a mixture of different fluids. It is pointed out in the Qur’an that semen is a “mingled” fluid. This fact was recently revealed through the aide of modern science.We created man from a mingled drop to test him, and We made him hearing and seeing. (Surah  al-Insan;2)Only one of the millions of sperms in the semen fertilises the ovum. In other words, the essence of man is not the whole semen, but only a little part of it. It is stated in the Qur’an that man is not created from the whole semen, but from a mere part of it as follows;Was he not a drop of ejaculated sperm? (Surah  al-Qiyama;37)Without wasting any time, the “zygote”, the cell resulting from the union of the sperm and the ovum, starts duplicate to become a “piece of flesh”. The zygote does not spend this developmental stage in a cavity, but clings to the mother’s uterine wall and sticks there by means of its extensions, like roots anchoring a plant to the ground. This fact, which has been recently revealed, was described in the Qur’an centuries ago;Recite; In the Name of your Lord Who created, created man from alaq [i.e., something that clings] (Surah  al-‘Alaq;1-2)The womb is filled with the “amniotic fluid” surrounding the zygote which has started to develop. The importance of this fluid in which the foetus grows is to protect the foetus from external impact. The fact that the foetus develops in a secure place is also mentioned in the Qur’an;Did We not create you from a base fluid, then place it in a secure repository for a recognised term? (Surah  al-Mursalat;20-21)Allah has given information about some of the stages of man’s creation in Surah  al-Muminun. Today it is a biologically proven fact that the developmental stages of man are exactly the same as what is described in the Qur’anic verses;We created man from the purest kind of clay; then made him a drop in a secure receptacle; then formed the drop into an alaq (embryo) and formed the alaq into a lump and formed the lump into bones and clothed the bones in flesh; and then brought him into being as another creature. Blessed be Allah, the Best of Creators! (Surah  al-Muminun;12-14)

How is the Day of Judgement described in the Qur’an? As stated in the Qur’an, “… The Hour is coming…” (Surah Ta Ha;15). On that day all living things, along with the stars, planets and galaxies, in short, everything in the heavens and the earth will vanish. Some of the occurrences that are due to take place are depicted in the Qur’an as follows; Heaven will be split apart, for that Day it will be very frail. (Surah  al-Haqqa;16)The stars will fall in rapid succession. (Surah  at-Takwir;2)The sun and moon will be fused together. (Surah  al-Qiyama;9)The oceans will surge into each other. (Surah  at-Takwir;6)The mountains will become like shifting dunes. (Surah  al-Muzzammil; 14)The mountains will be like tufts of coloured wool. (Surah  al-Qari’a;5)The earth will be crushed and ground to dust. (Surah  al-Fajr;21)The earth will disgorge its charges. (Surah  az-Zilzal;2)These are only a few of the terrifying happenings that will occur on the Day of Judgement. On that day, essentially everything that man values will vanish, and everyone will understand that nothing, other than the right actions done for the pleasure of Allah, is of any value.

How is the manner of Gathering demonstrated on Judgement Day mentioned in the Glorious Qur’an? Numerous verses handled this, some of them are as follows; Allah (SWT) says; “And truly you have come unto Us alone (without wealth, companions or anything else) as We created you the first time}. (Surah Al-An’am;94) Allah (SWT) says; And we shall gather them all together so as to leave no one of them behind}. (Surah Al-Kahf;47) Allah (SWT) says; “The Day We shall gather the Muttaqun (the pious and righteous persons) unto the Most Gracious (Allah), like a delegation (presented before a king for honor). And We shall drive the Mujrimun (polytheists, sinners, criminals, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) to Hell, in a thirsty state (like a thirsty herd driven down to water)}. (Surah Maryam;85-86) Allah (SWT) says; “And you (all) will be in three groups. So those on the Right Hand (i.e. those who will be given their Records in their right hands) – how (fortunate) will be those on the Right Hand! (As a respect for them, because they will enter Paradise). And those on the Left Hand (i.e. those who will be given their Record in their left hands) -how (unfortunate) will be those on the Left Hand! (As a disgrace for them, because they will enter Hell). And those foremost [(in Islamic Faith of Monotheism and in performing righteous deeds) in the life of this world on the . very first call for to embrace Islam] will be foremost (in Paradise)}. (Surah Al-Waqi’ah;7-10) Allah (SWT) says; On that Day mankind will follow strictly (the voice oft Allah’s caller, no crookedness (that is without going to the right or left of that voice) will they show him (Allah’s caller). And all voices will be humbled for the Most Gracious (Allah), and nothing shall you hear but the low voice of their footsteps. (Surah Ta-Ha;108) Allah (SWT) says; And he whom Allah guides, he is led aright,’ but he whom He sends astray, for such you will find no Auliya’ (helpers and protectors), besides Him, and We shall gather them together on the Day of Resurrection on their faces, blind, dumb and deaf their abode will be Hell,’ whenever it abates, We shall increase for them the fierceness of the Fire. (Surah Al-Asraa;97)

How Islam protects Environment? Islam stands above all the contemporary religions in the world, to speak forcefully about the importance of preserving and maintaining the ecological balance. The word “Earth” (ard) appears no less than 485 times in the holy book of the Qur’an. The men and women are described as Allah’s vicegerents on Earth. “Lol We offered the trust upon the heavens and the earth and the hills, but they shrank from bearing it and (were afraid of it and man assumed it”   By this act of acceptance, humans have accepted the responsibility for the custody of the environment. This trusteeship is seen by Islam to be so onerous and burdensome that no other creature would ‘accept’ it. Mankind’s responsibility is to maintain the fragile equilibrium in the Nature through wise governance and sound personal conduct. This responsibility is clubbed with the supremacy bestowed upon the human beings. “65. See you not that Allah has subjected to you (mankind) all that is on the earth, and the ships that sail through the sea by His Command? He withholds the heaven from falling on the earth except by His Leave. Verily, Allah is, for mankind, full of Kindness, Most Merciful. (Surah Al-Hajj;65) However, the supremacy given to humanity over the other creatures is subject to scrutiny; ”Then We made you heirs in the land after them, to see how you would behave!”   In this verse, there is a stern warning that – though Man has the freedom to do what he wills with the power conferred to him by ALLAH, he would certainly face the consequences if he tries to take destructive advantage of the power given to him. Allah clearly warned the humans not to tamper with His divine balance (here referred to as ‘measure’). “And the sky He hath uplifted; and He hath set the measure, that ye exceed not the measure, but observe the measure strictly, nor fall short thereof.”   For this reason, irresponsible deforestation and needless killing of even the smallest of God’s creatures are strongly forbidden in Islam. The Qur’an does, on the other hand, permit the transformation of wilderness into agriculture and cattle pastures. The Qur’an proclaims that  “99. It is He Who sends down water (rain) from the sky, and with it We bring forth vegetation of all kinds, and out of it We bring forth green stalks, from which We bring forth thick clustered grain. And out of the date-palm and its spathe come forth clusters of dates hanging low and near, and gardens of grapes, olives and pomegranates, each similar (in kind) yet different (in variety and taste). Look at their fruits when they begin to bear, and the ripeness thereof. Verily! In these things there are signs for people who believe. (Surah Al-An’am;99).” Islam teaches that all creatures are equal. Be it an invisible amoeba or a gigantic whale in the ocean, every creature serves a defined purpose in the larger scheme of Allah. “38. There is not a moving (living) creature on earth, nor a bird that flies with its two wings, but are communities like you. We have neglected nothing in the Book, then unto their Lord they (all) shall be gathered. (Surah Al-An’am;38). This verse also reinforces the scientific concept of ‘chain of life’, with each species depending on another and mutually maintaining the balance of life on earth. The holy Qur’an reminds us of the multitudes of the benefits from other living beings. Allah asks us to ponder as to how Honey from bees gives nourishment apart from its sweet taste. While leeches and maggots were scoffed at, as being the tools of medieval medicine, recently they have made resurgence in modern medicine. For example, leeches are being used in microsurgery to control swelling in order to promote the healing necessary to reattach severed fingers. It is discovered that the leeches produce an anticoagulant, an anesthetic and some antibiotic properties through their saliva -all in one package. Maggots have been used in MDT (Maggot Debridement Therapy) to treat certain types of wound healing. They release photolytic enzymes to aid in debridement (removal of unwanted matter, enzymes with antimicrobial properties, and compounds like allantonin, urea, ammonium bicarbonate and calcium carbonate – that promote wound healing. Scientists have even managed to extract anticoagulant drugs from the venom of Pit viper and cobras. The plant kingdom too has paved the way for an extraordinary number  effective to treat Malaria is produced from the Cinchona trees. Even the miraculous antibiotic drug Penicillin which has cured millions of people around the world is prepared from the mold (fungus) Penicillum. The significance of affore station was taught by Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be to him) 1400 years ago. There are many sayings of the Prophet, which ordain the Muslims to proliferate the vegetation in the world. ”lf any Muslim plants a tree or sows a field, and a human, bird or animal eats from it; it shall be reckoned as charity from him.”(Saheeh Al~Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim).The planting of vegetation is such a virtuous deed in the sight of Allah that it is encouraged even if it be a person’s final act on Earth. The prophet said; “Even when the Day of Judgment comes (upon you), if anyone has a palm sapling in his hand, he should plant it.”(Ahmad) Even during battle, Muslims were instructed to avoid cutting trees that are useful to the people. We see today, ecologists crying from the rooftops on the need to protect fresh water. The Glorious Qur’an tells the significance of water in explicit terms.63. See you not that Allah sends down water (rain) from the sky, and then the earth becomes green? Verily, Allah is the Most Kind and Courteous, Well-Acquainted with all things. 64. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on the earth. And verily, Allah He is Rich (Free of all wants), Worthy of all praise. (Surah Al-Hajj;63-64) 68. Tell Me! The water that you drink.69. Is it you who cause it from the rainclouds to come down, or are We the Causer of it to come down? 70. If We willed, We verily could make it salt (and undrinkable), why then do you not give thanks (to Allah)?  (Surah Al-Waqi’ah;68-70) Owing to the importance of water as the basis of life, God has made its use the common right of all living beings. All are entitled to use it without monopoly, usurpation, despoilment, wastage or abuse. God commanded with regard to the people of Thamud and their camel. “28. And inform them that the water is to be shared between (her and) them. Each one’s right to drink being established (by turns). (Surah Al-Qamar;28).  God says; 24. Then let man look at his food,25. That We pour forth water in abundance, 26. And We split the earth in clefts, 27. And We cause therein the grain to grow,28. And grapes and clover plants (i.e. green fodder for the cattle),29. And olives and date-palms,30. And gardens, dense with many trees,31. And fruits and Abba (herbage, etc.) 32. (To be) a provision and benefit for you and your cattle. (Surah Abasa;24-32)

How long did it take to create the seven heavens and describe the lowest heaven. → Then He completed and finished from their creation (as) seven heavens in two Days and He made in each heaven its affair. And We adorned the nearest (lowest) heaven with lamps (stars) to be an adornment as well as to guard (from the devils by using them as missiles against the devils). Such is the Decree of Him the All-Mighty, the All-Knower. (Surah Fussilat/Surah Ha Mim As Sajdah;12).

How long did the Creation of the heavens and the earth take and what did Allah (SWT) Do after? Who created the heavens and the earth and all that is between them in six Days. Then He Istawa (rose over) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). The Most Beneficent (Allah)! Ask Him (O Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), (concerning His Qualities, His rising over His Throne, His creations, etc.), as He is Al-Khabir (The All-Knower of everything i.e.Allah). (Surah Al-Furqan;59).

How long should divorce women wait to remarry? And divorced women shall wait (as regards their marriage) for three menstrual periods, and it is not lawful for them to conceal what Allah has created in their wombs, if they believe in Allah and the Last Day. And their husbands have the better right to take them back in that period, if they wish for reconciliation. And they (women) have rights (over their husbands as regards living expenses, etc.) similar (to those of their husbands) over them (as regards obedience and respect, etc.) to what is reasonable, but men have a degree (of responsibility) over them. And Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise. (Surah Al-Baqarah;228).

How man came into the world →  In many verses, people are called upon to consider their own creation. They are often reminded how man came into the world, which stages he has passed through. We created you, then why do you believe not? Then tell Me (about) the human semen that you emit. Is it you who create it (i.e. make this semen into a perfect human being), or are We the Creator? (Surah Al-Waqi’ah;57-59) The miracle of man’s creation is emphasised in many verses. Some of the information within these verses is so detailed that it was impossible for anyone living in the 7th century to have known it. Examples of these are as follows; 1. Man is not created from the entire semen, but only a very small portion of it (sperm). 2. It is the male that determines the sex of the baby. 3. The human embryo adheres to the mother’s uterus like a leech. 4. The embryo develops in three dark regions in the uterus.The items of information just quoted were far above the level of learning of the people living at that time. The only become possible by the technology attained in the 20th century.

How many angels by their names mentioned in the Qur’an? 5 angels are mentioned in the Qur’an “Whoever is an enemy to Allah, His Angels, His Messengers, Jibrael (Gabriel) and Mikael (Michael), then verily, Allah is an enemy to the disbelievers.” (Surah Al-Baqarah;98) They followed what the Shayatin (devils) gave out (falsely of the magic) in the lifetime of Sulaiman (Solomon). Sulaiman did not disbelieve, but the Shayatin (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic and such things that came down at Babylon to the two angels, Harut and Marut, but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, “We are only for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us).” And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allah’s Leave. And they learn that which harms them and profits them not. And indeed they knew that the buyers of it (magic) would have no share in the Hereafter. And how bad indeed was that for which they sold their own selves, if they but knew. (Surah Al-Baqarah;102) 77. And they will cry; “O Malik (Keeper of Hell)! Let your Lord make an end of us.” He will say; “Verily you shall abide forever.” (Surah Az-Zukhruf;77)

How many angels were sent down to help the Muslims by Allah (SWT)? (Remember) when you (Muhammad (PBUH) said to the believers, “Is it not enough for you that your Lord (Allah (SWT) should help you with three thousand angels; sent down?” (Surah Ale Imran;124) .

How many are the branches of Iman (Faith)? Allah (SWT) says; It is not Al-Birr (piety, righteousness, and each and every act of obedience to Allah, etc.) that you turn your faces towards east and (or) west (in prayers); but Al-Birr is (the quality of) the one who believes in Allah, the Last Day, the Angels, the Book, the Prophets and gives his wealth, in spite of love for it, to the kinsfolk, to the orphans, and to Al-Masakin (the poor), and to the wayfarer, and to those who ask, and to set slaves free, performs As-Salat (Iqamatas-Salat), and gives the Zakah, and who fulfill their covenant when they make it, and who are patient in extreme poverty and ailment (disease) and at the time of fighting (during the battles). Such are the people of the truth and they are Al-Muttaqun (the pious)}. (Surah Al-Baqarah;177) It is narrated on the authority of Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) that Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) says; “Faith has over seventy branches or over sixty branches, the most excellent of which is the declaration that there is no god but Allah, and the humblest of which is the, removal of what is injurious from the path; and modesty is the branch of faith.” (Bukhari & Muslim)

How many categories of people are eligible to receive Zakat? Eight Categories; Allah (SWT) has ordained that Zakat be distributed to eight categories of people. “The alms are only for the poor and the needy and those employed to collect the funds; and to attract the hearts of those who have been inclined towards Islam; and to free the captives; and for those in debt; and for those struggling for the cause of God, and for the wayfarer (a traveller who is cut off from everything); a duty imposed by God.” (Surah Al-Bara’at/Surah At-Taubah;60).

How many categories of the Soul? The  ‘soul’ is a part of man and it is subject to change, so that thereafter the extent of his connection to damnation or felicity can be determined, as the Lord says; And by Nafs (Adam or a person or a soul, etc.), and Him Who perfected him in proportion; 8. Then He showed him what is wrong for him and what is right for him; 9. Indeed he succeeds who purifies his own self (i.e. obeys and performs all that Allah ordered, by following the true Faith of Islamic Monotheism and by doing righteous good deeds).10. And indeed he fails who corrupts his own self (i.e. disobeys what Allah has ordered by rejecting the true Faith of Islamic Monotheism or by following polytheism, etc. or by doing every kind of evil wicked deeds). (Surah Al-Shams;7–10).The most important element of man that has to do with change and progress to a higher state, or regression to a lower state, is the soul, which ascends through seven levels, according to the scholars of spiritual discipline and purification. There are seven categories of the Soul. The first of them is the soul that enjoins evil, to which the Almighty alluded through the words of the Court Officer’s wife; ‘Nor do I exonerate my own soul; indeed, the soul enjoins evil, save when my Lord has mercy’ (Surah Yusuf;53). The word ammara [‘one who enjoins’] is an emphatic nominal form, which implies that it continuously embellishes evil to its owner. Yet this evil-enjoining soul can be raised, by means of effort and purification, to the second level, which is that of the reproachful soul. The reproachful soul is that which sometimes incites good, and sometimes evil; and when its owner commits evil, it reproaches him and tells him to repent and turn back. God alludes to it when he says; Nay, I swear by the reproachful soul (Surah Al-Qiyamah; 2). Higher still is the third level, that of the inspired soul, to which God alludes when he says; Inspiring it with its lewdness and its God-consciousness (Surah Al-Shams; 8). When a person rises in his faith in God, his soul begins to abate from its instigations and passions. When he begins to ascend up the levels of his connection to God Almighty, struggling against his reproachful soul, this soul comes to be receptive to the inspirations of the Almighty real, and its instigations of caprice and desire begin to subside. It comes to be dominated by reflection, meditation and deep thought, and is inspired to utilize sound insight and powerful perception, resulting in a prevalent inclination towards what is good and righteous. If the person continues to ascend in self-purification, here aches a higher level than the inspired soul, namely that of the soul at peace, of which Allah (SWT) says; 27. (It will be said to the pious); “O (you) the one in (complete) rest and satisfaction! (Surah Al-Fajr;27). When the light of divine inspiration shines upon this soul, it comes to find peace in the Almighty real, and its certainty becomes stronger, and the vicissitudes and phenomena around it are no longer capable of wresting this peace from it. This peace or tranquility is a quality of the righteous friends of God; it is related that Ibrahim ibn Adham (God have mercy on him) once boarded a ship which was beset by waves on all sides. Ibrahim wrapped his cloth around his head and lay down to sleep, for there was nothing that could physically be done, and all that remained was either fear or tranquility. The other passengers of the ship clamored with cries of fear and prayers, and woke him up and said, ‘Do you not see the peril we are in?’ ‘That’s not peril’, he said. ‘And what is peril, then?’, they asked. He answered; ‘to have need for human beings.’ He then said; ‘O God, You have shown us Your power; show us now Your clemency’; and the sea became as calm as a jug of oil. When peace and inner stability were preponderant in the soul of one man, this led to a kind of stability in real life, to the point that the sea became as calm as a jug of oil. This is something we need to seek for our own souls, to bring the ship of our modern world back under control. Then comes another level higher still; the fifth level of the soul. This is the contented soul, to which God alludes by saying; 28. “Come back to your Lord, Well-pleased (yourself) and well-pleasing unto Him! (Surah Al-Fajr;28).This contentment is higher than conventional contentment, for it means the settling of contentment in the soul so that it becomes content with God’s actions and His planning in this world. This contentment, whose locus is the heart, does not oppose or contradict the actions of the body in utilizing means to change reality for the better; we are speaking hereabout a contented soul, endowed with wisdom, genius and depth, not a soul that neglects the real world or fails to deal with it and work to improve it. Then comes the sixth level, namely the accepted soul, to which the very same verse alludes; 28. “Come back to your Lord, Well-pleased (yourself) and well-pleasing unto Him! (Surah Al-Fajr;28), because of how close it is to the contented soul. He who is content is given contentment, and he who lives according to the meaning of contentment in God is in turn gladly welcomed by God Almighty, and thus is accepted. And when the contentment of the servant is combined with the contented acceptance of the Almighty Lord, the soul becomes ready to ascend to the highest level of human souls, that of the perfect soul. The meaning of perfection here is relative perfection, since absolute perfection belongs only to God; and this perfection makes a person worthy and able to continue onward to infinite horizons of connection to God Almighty.

How many compulsory congregational prayers mentioned in the Qur’an? And His is all the praises and thanks in the heavens and the earth, and (glorify Him) in the afternoon (i.e. offer ‘Asr prayer) and when you come up to the time, when the day begins to decline (i.e offer Zuhr prayer).”(Surah Ar-Rum;18)…When you have finished As-Salat (the prayer- congregational), remember Allah standing, sitting down, and lying down on your sides, but when you are free from danger, perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as- Salat). Verily, the prayer is enjoined on the believers at fixed hours. (Surah an-Nisaa;103)… And perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), at the two ends of the day and in some hours of the night [i.e. the five compulsory Salat (prayers)]. Verily, the good deeds remove the evil deeds (i.e. small sins). That is a reminder (an advice) for the mindful (those who accept advice). (Surah Hud;114)… So bear patiently (O Muhammad ) what they say, and glorify the praises of your Lord before the rising of the sun, and before its setting, and during some of the hours of the night, and at the sides of the day (an indication for the five compulsory congregational prayers), that you may become pleased with the reward which Allah shall give you. (Surah Ta-ha;130)

How many days Moses statyed at mount Tur

How many gates does Hell have? “And surely, Hell is the promised place for them all. 44. “It (Hell) has seven gates, for each of those gates is a (special) class (of sinners) assigned. (Surah al-Hijr;43-44).

How many heavens are there? And We have built above you seven strong (heavens), And have made (therein) a shining lamp (sun). (Surah an-Naba’;12-13).

How many indications do the Most Beautiful Names of Allah denote by way of Indication? The Most Beautiful Names of Allah denote by way of Indication four types; First; The proper noun that implies all meanings of the Most Beautiful Names, i.e. “ALLAH” which comes modified by all the other Attributes; “He is Allah, the Creator, the Inventor of all things, the Bestower of forms}. (Surah Al-Hashr;24) Second; The Name that encompasses an Attribute of Allah’s Entity, such as [As-Sami] The All Hearer, that encompasses His Hearing that extends to cover all sounds, no matter they are public or secret. His Name [AI-Basir] The All Seeing, that encompasses His Sight that extends to cover all sights, no matter they are minute or gigantic. His Name [AI-`Alim] The All Knower, that encompasses His Knowledge that extends to cover all things; “Say; “Yes, by my Lord, the All-Knower of the Unseen, it will come to you; not even the weight of an atom (or a small ant) or less than that or greater escapes His Knowledge in the heavens or in the earth but it is in a Clear Book (Al-Lauh Al Mahfuz)}. (Surah Saba’;3) Allah’s Name [AI-Qadir] The Omnipotent, that encompasses His Omnipotence over everything, to create or annihilate whatever He wills. Third; What implies an Acting Attribute such as; the Creator, the Provider with Sustenance, the Evolver, and the Supreme Fashioner, etc. Fourth; What implies that Almighty Allah is Far above all blemishes and defects such as; the Sublime Holy and the Peace, etc.

How many months muslims offers their prayrs towards Jerusamlem baithul Maqadas ?sixteen months

How many of the companions have been promised paradise? The Messenger (PBUH) clearly stated that ten of his companions would be in paradise. Ahmad reports from Sa`id ibn Zayd, and Tirmidhi reports from `Abdul-Rahman ibn `Awf, that the Prophet, (PBUH) said; ‘Abu Bakr will be in paradise, `Umar will be in paradise, `Uthman will be in paradise, `Ali will be in paradise, Talhah will be in paradise, Al-Zubayr will be in paradise, `Abdul-Rahman ibn `Awf will be in paradise, Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas will be in paradise, Sa`id ibn Zayd will be in paradise and Abu `Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah will be in paradise.’ Its isnad is sahih. [Sahih al-Jami` as-Saghir, 1/70, no.50]. Allah (SWT) and Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) reciprocated the companions’ love and devotion. “And the first to embrace Islam of the Muhajirun (those who migrated from Makkah to Al-Madinah) and the Ansar (the citizens of Al-Madinah who helped and gave aid to the Muhajirun) and also those who followed them exactly (in Faith). Allah is well-pleased with them as they are well-pleased with Him. He has prepared for them Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever. That is the supreme success.” (Surah Al-Bara’at/Surah At-Taubah;100).

How many Pre-ordainments are implied in this rank? These are five, all of which belong to know ledge; First; Recording one’s ordainments fifty thousand years before the creation of the heavens and the earth when the Pen was created by Allah the Almighty. This is called the Eternal Pre-ordainment. Second; The Life-time Pre-ordainment; when Allah the Almighty took the Covenant from the Children of Adam, And (remember) when your Lord brought forth from the Children of Adam, from their loins, their seed (or from Adam’s loin his offspring) and made them testify as to themselves (saying); “Am I not your Lord?” They said; “Yes! We testify,” lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection; “Verily, we have been unaware of this.” Or lest you should say; “It was only our fathers aforetime who took others as partners in worship along with Allah. And we were (merely their) descendants after them; will You then destroy us because of the deeds of men who practiced Al-Batil (i.e. polytheism and committing crimes and sins, invoking and worshipping others besides Allah)?”). (Surah Al-A’raf;172-173) Third; The Life-time Pre-ordainment; when the Nutfah (mixed drops of male and female sexual discharge) is given life inside the womb. Fourth; The Annual Pre-ordainment; on Lailat Al-Qadr the Night of Might. Fifth; The Daily Pre-ordainment; which is carrying out all these at their proper times.

How many prophets are mentioned in the Qur’an? The Qur’an mentions twenty five prophets, In Arabic two different words are used, Nabi and Rasool. A Nabi is a prophet and a Rasool is a messenger or an apostle. The two words are close in meaning. Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an “And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming); “Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taghut (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Taghut besides Allah.” Then of them were some whom Allah (SWT) guided and of them were some upon whom the straying was justified. So travel through the land and see what was the end of those who denied (the truth). (Surah an-Nahl;36).

How many times does a Muslim offer Obligatory Prayers (Salaah) in a day? The Arabic word for the five daily prayers is salah, which comes from the root word meaning “connection”. Muslims perform five prayers a day. Each prayer does not take more than a few minutes to perform. Prayer in Islam is a direct link between the worshipper and God. There are no intermediaries between God and the worshipper. The Arabic word for the five daily prayers is salah, which comes from the root word meaning “connection“. Guard strictly (five obligatory) As-Salawat (the prayers) especially the middle Salat (i.e. the best prayer – ‘Asr). And stand before Allah with obedience [and do not speak to others during the Salat (prayers).” (Surah Al-Baqarah;238) Allah (SWT), the Exalted, says in the Qur’an; “So bear with patience (O Muhammad (PBUH) all that they say, and glorify the Praises of your Lord, before the rising of the sun and before (its) setting (i.e. the Fajr, Zuhr, and ‘Asr prayers). And during a part of the night (also), glorify His praises (i.e. Maghrib and ‘Isha prayers), and (so likewise) after the prayers [As-Sunnah, Nawafil optional and additional prayers, and also glorify, praise and magnify Allah (SWT) – Subhan Allah, Alhamdu lillah, Allahu-Akbar]. (Surah Qaf;39-40) “When you have finished As-Salat (the prayer – congregational), remember Allah standing, sitting down, and lying down on your sides, but when you are free from danger, perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as- Salat). Verily, the prayer is enjoined on the believers at fixed hours.”. (Surah an-Nisaa;103) The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “Allah (SWT) has obligated five prayers. Whoever excellently performs their ablutions, prays them in their proper times, completes their bows, prostrations and khushu, and has a promise from God that He will forgive him. And whoever does not do that has no promise from God. He may either forgive him or punish him”.

How many times has the name of Rasool-ullah (S) been mentioned in the Qur”an? Muhammad (PBUH) – 4 times Ahmed () – 1 time.  And (remember) when ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), said; “O Children of Israel! I am the Messenger of Allah unto you confirming the Taurat (Torah) which came] before me, and giving glad tidings of a Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmed. But when he (Ahmed i.e. Muhammad (PBUH) came to them with clear proofs, they said; “This is plain magic.” ( Surah As-Saff;6).

How many types are the Most Beautiful Names pertaining to calling Almighty Allah therewith? Some of them are attributed to Allah without a need to modifiers. They can be also accompanied with other Names. This includes the Perfection Attributes such as; the Ever-Living, The Sublime Self Subsisting, the One and the Everlasting Refuge, etc. Others are not attributed to Allah unless accompanied with their antonyms. Someone may regard these Attributes as malicious. They are as follows; the Harm Inflicting and the Benefit Giver, the Abaser and the Raiser, the Giver and the Preventer, and the Supreme Might Giver and the Supreme Humiliator. Hence, it is not permissible to say any of the following Names alone or by themselves without their antonyms; the Harm Inflicting, the Abaser, the Preventer, and the Supreme Humiliator. We can not find anything of this in the Glorious Qur’an or in the Prophetic Sunnah. When the Glorious Qur’an says; “Verily, We shall exact retribution from .the Mujrimun (criminals, disbelievers, . polytheists, and sinners)}. (Surah As-Sajdah;22) The Name is related to something, here, it is the criminals, disbelievers, etc. Or, by adding Dhu “Able” to the derived attribute such as in; …and Allah is All Mighty, All-Able of Retribution. (Surah Ale ‘Imran;4, and Surah Al-Ma’idah;95)

How many wings did Allah (SWT) create the Angels with? All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the (only) Originator [or the (only) Creator] of the heavens and the earth, Who made the angels messengers with wings, – two or three or four. He increases in creation what He wills. Verily, Allah  is Able to do all things. (Surah Fatir;1) (Not including Angel Jibreel).

How many witnesses are required to prove adultery? And those who accuse chaste women, and produce not four witnesses, flog them with eighty stripes, and reject their testimony forever, they indeed are the Fasiqun (liars, rebellious, disobedient to Allah). (Surah an-Nur;4).

How many years did Prophet Nuh preach to his nation before they met the Great Storm? And indeed We sent Nuh (Nuh) to his people, and he stayed among them a thousand years less fifty years [inviting them to believe in the Oneness of Allah  (Monotheism), and discard the false gods and other deities], and the Deluge overtook them while they were Zalimun (wrong-doers, polytheists, disbelievers, etc.). (Surah al-Ankabut;14).

How much compensation for nursing? Lodge them (the divorced women) where you dwell, according to your means, and do not treat them in such a harmful way that they be obliged to leave. And if they are pregnant, then spend on them till they deliver. Then if they give suck to the children for you, give them their due payment, and let each of you accept the advice of the other in a just way. But if you make difficulties for one another, then some other woman may give suck for him (the father of the child). ( Surah at-Talaaq;6).

How Muslim purify themselves before the prayer? O you who believe! When you intend to offer As-Salat (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles . If you are in a state of Janaba (i.e. had a sexual discharge), purify yourself (bathe your whole body). But if you are ill or on a journey or any of you comes from answering the call of nature, or you have been in contact with women (i.e. sexual intercourse) and you find no water, then perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands. Allah does not want to place you in difficulty, but He wants to purify you, and to complete His Favour on you that you may be thankful. (Surah Al-Maidah;6) snv

How Muslims should live in the world? Say (O Muhammad (PBUH); My Lord has commanded justice and (said) that you should face Him only (i.e. worship none but Allah and face the Qiblah, i.e. the Ka’bah at Makkah during prayers) in each and every place of worship, in prayers (and not to face other false deities and idols), and invoke Him only making your religion sincere to Him by not joining in worship any partner to Him and with the intention that you are doing your deeds for Allah’s sake only. As He brought you (into being) in the beginning, so shall you be brought into being (on the Day of Resurrection) [in two groups, one as a blessed one (believers), and the other as a wretched one (disbelievers)]. (Surah al-Araf;29) “O my son! Aqim-is-Salat (perform As-Salat), enjoin (people) for Al-Ma’ruf (Islamic Monotheism and all that is good), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar(i.e. disbelief in the Oneness of Allah, polytheism of all kinds and all that is evil and bad), and bear with patience whatever befall you. Verily! These are some of the important commandments ordered by Allah with no exemption. (Surah Luqman;17).

How Muslims should settle their mutual disputes? Verily, Allah enjoins Al-Adl (i.e. justice and worshipping none but Allah (SWT) Alone – Islamic Monotheism) and Al-Ihsan [i.e. to be patient in performing your duties to Allah, totally for Allah’s sake and in accordance with the Sunnah (legal ways) of the Prophet  in a perfect manner], and giving (help) to kith and kin (i.e. all that Allah has ordered you to give them e.g., wealth, visiting, looking after them, or any other kind of help, etc.); and forbids Al-Fahsha’ (i.e all evil deeds, e.g. illegal sexual acts, disobedience of parents, polytheism, to tell lies, to give false witness, to kill a life without right, etc.), and Al-Munkar (i.e all that is prohibited by Islamic law; polytheism of every kind, disbelief and every kind of evil deeds, etc.), and Al-Baghy (i.e. all kinds of oppression), He admonishes you, that you may take heed. (Surah al-Nahl;90) Verily! Allah commands that you should render back the trusts to those, to whom they are due; and that when you judge between men, you judge with justice. Verily, how excellent is the teaching which He (Allah) gives you! Truly, Allah is Ever All-Hearer, All-Seer. (Surah an-Nisaa;58).

How Muslims view Mary in Qur’an? Mary is considered the purest woman in all creation. The Qur’an describes; 42. And (remember) when the angels said; “O Maryam (Mary)! Verily, Allah has chosen you, purified you (from polytheism and disbelief), and chosen you above the women of the ‘Alamin (mankind and jinns) (of her lifetime).” 43. O Mary! “Submit yourself with obedience to your Lord (Allah), by worshipping none but Him Alone and prostrate yourself, and Irka’i (bow down etc.) along with Ar-Raki’un (those who bow down etc.).” (Surah Ale Imran;42-43). “And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm tree. She said, Oh, I wish I had died before this and was in oblivion, forgotten. (Surah Maryam;23). But he -Gabriel -called her from below her, Do not grieve; your Lord has provided beneath you a stream.(19;24) And shake toward you the trunk of the palm tree; it will drop upon you ripe, fresh dates. (Surah Maryam;25)

How Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) came to know that the Quraish are plotting to assassinate him? Verily, they are but plotting a plot (against you O Muhammad (PBUH)  (Surah At-Tariq;14-15).

How Qur’an was brought to the prophet (s) → “Qur’an is Allah’s words that was brought by Angel Jibraeel to Prophet Muhammad(s).  Allah provides the answer about how Qur’an was brought to the prophet (s).“And verily, you (O Muhammad) are receiving the Qur’an from the One, All-Wise, All-Knowing” (Surah An-Naml;6)

How should a Muslim walk? And walk not on the earth with conceit and arrogance. Verily, you can neither rend nor penetrate the earth, nor can you attain a stature like the mountains in height. (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel;37) “And turn not your face away from men with pride, nor walk in insolence through the earth. Verily, Allah likes not each arrogant boaster. (Surah Luqman;18).  “And be moderate (or show no insolence) in your walking, and lower your voice. Verily, the harshest of all voices is the voice (braying) of the ass.” (Surah Luqman;19).   And the slaves of the Most Beneficent (Allah (SWT) are those who walk on the earth in humility and sedateness, and when the foolish address them (with bad words) they reply back with mild words of gentleness. (Surah Al-Furqan;63).

How should a Muslims talk to the opponents of Islam or towards each other? And say to My slaves (i.e. the true believers of Islamic Monotheism) that they should (only) say those words that are the best. (Because) Shaitan (Satan) verily, sows disagreements among them. Surely, Shaitan (Satan) is to man a plain enemy. (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel;53).

How should man treat the divorced wife if she nurses their child? The mothers shall give suck to their children for two whole years, (that is) for those (parents) who desire to complete the term of suckling, but the father of the child shall bear the cost of the mother’s food and clothing on a reasonable basis. No person shall have a burden laid on him greater than he can bear. No mother shall be treated unfairly on account of her child, nor father on account of his child. And on the (father’s) heir is incumbent the like of that (which was incumbent on the father). If they both decide on weaning, by mutual consent, and after due consultation, there is no sin on them. And if you decide on a foster suckling-mother for your children, there is no sin on you, provided you pay (the mother) what you agreed (to give her) on reasonable basis. And fear Allah and know that Allah is All-Seer of what you do. (Surah Al-Baqarah;233).

How should Muslims behave towards their opponents in a religious discussion? And if you punish (your enemy, O you believers in the Oneness of Allah), then punish them with the like of that with which you were afflicted. But if you endure patiently, verily, it is better for As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.. (Surah an-Nahl;126).

How should the believers show their respect for the Prophets? As the verse “And Isma`il, al-Yasa`a, Yunus, and Lut. All of them We favored over all beings” (Surah  al-An`am, 86) states, Prophets are those individuals whom Allah has chosen and favored over all human beings. Allah has granted them a special knowledge direct from Him, supported them with His angels, and promised them Paradise. Throughout the ages, they have been responsible for communicating Allah’s religion, and thus have conveyed His revelation to people and invited them to live by the religion of truth. No matter what difficulties they encountered, they always were resolute and continued their struggle with eagerness and steadfastness. All believers are attached to the Prophets, who are chosen by Allah and who are known for their strong faith and good morals, with true respect and love. The Prophet Muhammad (), whose loyalty to Allah is praised in the Qur’an, is said to be“closer to the believers than their own selves.” (Surah  al-Ahzab;6)As a result, all believers have a great respect in their hearts for the Prophets and hold them in high esteem. The Qur’an instructs them to display this respect to His Messenger (saas) as follows;So that you might all believe in Allah and His Messenger, and honor him and respect him, and glorify Him in the morning and the evening. (Surah  al-Fath;9)Several verses in the Qur’an tell us how the Prophets should be respected in daily life. Some of them are given here; “not to wait where the Prophet lives while food is being cooked,” “not to call out to the Prophet from outside his private quarters,” “not to raise one’s voice above the Prophet’s voice,” “not to be as loud when speaking to him as the believers are when speaking to one another,” or “not to put oneself forward in front of the Messenger.”Along with those who lived at the time of the Prophet (), all believers who lived after him continue to have the same idea of respect in their hearts. As the verse “You have an excellent model in the Messenger of Allah, for all who put their hope in Allah and the Last Day and remember Allah much” (Surah  al-Ahzab, 21) reminds them, they try to express the deep respect they feel for our Prophet (saas) by taking him as their role models in all of their behavior and by honoring and praising him.For the other Prophets, the Qur’an says; Say, “We believe in Allah and what has been sent down to us and what was sent down to Ibrahim and Isma`il and Ishaq and Ya`qub and the Tribes, and what Musa and `Isa were given, and what all the Prophets were given by their Lord. We do not differentiate between any of them. We are Muslims submitted to Him.” (Surah  al-Baqara;136)As we understand from the verses, we are expected to show the same respect to all Prophets. In another verse, Allah says;You have an excellent example in Ibrahim and those with him, when they said to their people “We wash our hands of you and all that you worship apart from Allah, and we reject you. Between us and you there will be enmity and hatred for everunless and until you believe in Allah alone.” Except for Ibrahim’s words to his father; “I will ask forgiveness for you but Ihave no power to help you in any way against Allah.” Our Lord, we have put our trust in You and have repented to You. You are our final destination. (Surah  al-Mumtahana;4)

How should the debtor be treated by a Muslim? Granting more time to repay if the debtor is in hard time; Giving up the loan as charity is better for you. “And if the debtor is in a hard time (has no money), then grant him time till it is easy for him to repay, but if you remit it by way of charity, that is better for you if you did but know. (Surah Al-Baqarah;280 ). Snv

How should the Muslim argue? “Invite (mankind, O Muhammad (PBUH) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islam) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Inspiration and the Qur’an) and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better. Truly, your Lord knows best who has gone astray from His Path, and He is the Best Aware of those who are guided.  (Surah al-Nahl;125).

How should the Muslim behave towards those who offer peace? Except those who join a group, between you and whom there is a treaty (of peace), or those who approach you with their breasts restraining from fighting you as well as fighting their own people. Had Allah willed, indeed He would have given them power over you, and they would have fought you. So if they withdraw from you, and fight not against you, and offer you peace, then Allah  has opened no way for you against them. (Surah an-Nisaa;90).

How should the period of iddat calculated? O Prophet (PBUH)! When you divorce women, divorce them at their ‘Iddah (prescribed periods), and count (accurately) their ‘Iddah (periods). And fear Allah your Lord (O Muslims), and turn them not out of their (husband’s) homes, nor shall they (themselves) leave, except in case they are guilty of some open illegal sexual intercourse. And those are the set limits of Allah. And whosoever transgresses the set limits of Allah, then indeed he has wronged himself. You (the one who divorces his wife) know not, it may be that Allah  will afterward bring some new thing to pass (i.e. to return her back to you if that was the first or second divorce) (Surah at-Talaaq;1).

How should we be towards each other and why? And say to My slaves (i.e. the true believers of Islamic Monotheism) that they should (only) say those words that are the best. (Because) Satan verily, sows disagreements among them. Surely, Shaitan (Satan) is to man a plain enemy. (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel;53).

How should women be treated in Islam? Women are treated with respect, honour and justice. It condemns oppression of any kind, the religion of Islam demands that women be treated with respect, honour, and justice. It condemns oppression of any kind. In Islam women, like men, are commanded to believe in God and to worship Him. Women are equal to men in terms of reward in the hereafter. A man should treat his wife with kindness and to live in equity. A man in Islam is instructed to deal with his wife gracefully and not harshly. Regarding the aspect of harmony in married life, Allah (SWT) mentions in the Qur’an  “O you who believe! You are forbidden to inherit women against their will, and you should not treat them with harshness, that you may take away part of the Maher you have given them, unless they commit open illegal sexual intercourse. And live with them honourably. If you dislike them, it may be that you dislike a thing and Allah brings through it a great deal of good. (Surah an-Nisaa;19).

How should you invoke upon Allah (SWT)? Invoke your Lord with humility and in secret. He likes not the aggressors. And do not do mischief on the earth, after it has been set in order, and invoke Him with fear and hope; Surely, Allah’s Mercy is (ever) near unto the good-doers. (Surah al-Ar’af;55-56).

How the Muslim should behave towards the ignorant? Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the foolish (i.e. don’t punish them). (Surah al-Araf;199).

How the Muslim should treat the beggar? And repulse not the beggar (Surah al-duha;10) Kind words and forgiving of faults are better than Sadaqah (charity) followed by injury. And Allah is Rich (Free of all wants) and He is Most-Forbearing. (Surah Al-Baqarah;263).

How the orphans are related to the Muslims? In (to) this worldly life and in the Hereafter. And they ask you concerning orphans. Say; “The best thing is to work honestly in their property, and if you mix your affairs with theirs, then they are your brothers. And Allah knows him who means mischief (e.g. to swallow their property) from him who means good (e.g. to save their property). And if Allah had wished, He could have put you into difficulties. Truly, Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.” (Surah Al-Baqarah;220).

How the Qur’an did challenges the critics who doubted its divine authenticity? The contents of the Qur’an are quite beyond human ability to compose the like of it. It is for this reason that Allah (SWT) (SWT) challenges both men and jinns to produce the like of it. Allah (SWT) says; “Say; “If the mankind and the jinns were together to produce the like of this Qur’an, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they helped one another.” (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel; 88) Other verses where Allah (SWT) challenges man on the same issue can be referred to in the Qur’an. And if you (Arab pagans, Jews, and Christians) are in doubt concerning that which We have sent down (i.e. the Qur’an) to Our slave (Muhammad (PBUH), then produce a Surah (chapter) of the like thereof and call your witnesses (supporters and helpers) besides Allah, if you are truthful.  (Surah Al-Baqarah; ; 23), Or they say, “He (Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) forged it (the Qur’an).” Say; “Bring you then ten forged Surah (chapters) like unto it, and call whomsoever you can, other than Allah  (to your help), if you speak the truth!” (Surah Hud;13) and Or do they say; “He (Muhammad (PBUH) has forged it (this Qur’an)?” Nay! They believe not!  34. Let them then produce a recital like unto it (the Qur’an) if they are truthful. (Surah At-Tur 33-34).

How the semen production takes place in the human body? So let man see from what he is created! He is created from a water gushing forth.  Proceeding from between the back-bone and the ribs, (Surah At-Tariq;5-7) Here we find that Man is made from a ‘gushing fluid’ those issues between the loins and the ribs.’ (Other translations have backbone instead of loins) so the mentioned verses referring to the sexual fluid provided by both the man and the woman in producing a child.

How the true Muslims should conduct business? A believer performs every deed in order to earn the good pleasure of Allah. No matter what he is engaged in, he does not let it divert him from his real aim. Allah has mentioned in the Qur’an that trade or commerce does not make believers forget their real goal; Allah wants believers to be of virtuous character, and believers strive to fulfil the requirements of this character whatever activity they are engaged in. Hence, they are honest, sincere, diligent, fair and modest even while they are conducting trade. Their attention is again focused on the pleasure of Allah and on the limits of what He permits and what He forbids. Besides this, Allah has also commanded believers not to encroach on the rights of others, to give full measure and full weight, and not to cheat people of their belongings (Surah Hud;85). There are men who proclaim His glory morning and evening, not distracted by trade or commerce from the remembrance of Allah and the establishment of prayer and the payment of alms; fearing a day when all hearts and eyes will be in turmoil. (Surah  an-Nur;36-37)And observe the weight with equity and do not make the balance deficient. (Surah Ar-Rahman;9) And give full measure when you measure, and weigh with a balance that is straight. That is good (advantageous) and better in the end. (Surah Al-Asraa/Surah Bani-Israel;35) “And weigh with the true and straight balance.(Surah as-Shuraa; 182) Woe to Al-Mutaffifin [those who give less in measure and weight (decrease the rights of others)], Those who, when they have to receive by measure from men, demand full measure, And when they have to give by measure or weight to men, give less than due. Think they not that they will be resurrected (for reckoning), On a Great Day, The Day when (all) mankind will stand before the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)? (Surah at-Tatfeef/Surah al-Mutaffifin; 1-6).

How the Zamzam well came into being? Prophet Ibrahim settled his wife Hajira, (PBUH), and her baby Prophet Ismail (PBUH) in the hot, dry desert valley of Bakka as part of God’s mission for him. When Prophet Ibrahim (PBUH) left his wife Hagar and his son Ismail in Makkah, he made his famous supplication (Du’a); “O our Lord! I have made some of my offspring to dwell in a valley without cultivation, by Thy Sacred House; in order, O our Lord that they establish regular prayer; so fill the hearts of some among men with love towards them, and feed them with fruits; so that they may give thanks. ” (Surah Ibrahim;37) » Allah accepted his Du’a after Hagar had hard time locating water in the neighborhood of Safa and Marwa.  Allah saw her effort and miraculously blessed the spot with a water spring. In her desperate search for water, Hajira ran seven times back and forth in the scorching heat between the two hills of Safa and Marwa to provide for her baby who was dying of thirst. Water poured from under the feet of the child Ismail. Hagar tried to preserve the water by making a circle of mud around it by saying Zamzam,  Zamzam. It means stop, stop. From this process of mudding around it, it was called Zamzam. Zam zam water has scientifically been proven to contain healing qualities due to its higher content of Calcium and Magnesium Salts and also natural fluorides that encompass a germicidal action..

How to argue with the Jews & Christians concerning Abraham and Jesus? 60. (This is) the truth from your Lord, so be not of those who doubt.61. Then whoever disputes with you concerning him ‘Iesa (Jesus)] after (all this) knowledge that has come to you, [i.e. ‘Iesa (Jesus)] being a slave of Allah, and having no share in Divinity) say; (O Muhammad ) “Come, let us call our sons and your sons, our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves – then we pray and invoke (sincerely) the Curse of Allah upon those who lie.”62. Verily! This is the true narrative [about the story of ‘Iesa (Jesus)], and, La ilaha ill-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, the One and the Only True God, Who has neither a wife nor a son). And indeed, Allah is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.63. And if they turn away (and do not accept these true proofs and evidences), then surely, Allah is All-Aware of those who do mischief. 64. Say (O Muhammad ); “O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians); Come to a word that is just between us and you, that we worship none but Allah, and that we associate no partners with Him, and that none of us shall take others as lords besides Allah. Then, if they turn away, say; “Bear witness that we are Muslims.”65. O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Why do you dispute about Ibrahim (Abraham), while the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel) were not revealed till after him? Have you then no sense?66. Verily, you are those who have disputed about that of which you have knowledge. Why do you then dispute concerning that which you have no knowledge? It is Allah Who knows, and you know not.67. Ibrahim (Abraham) was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was a true Muslim Hanifa (Islamic Monotheism – to worship none but Allah Alone) and he was not of Al-Mushrikun .  68. Verily, among mankind who have the best claim to Ibrahim (Abraham) are those who followed him, and this Prophet (Muhammad ) and those who have believed (Muslims). And Allah is the Wali (Protector and Helper) of the believers.  (Surah Ale-Imran;60-68)